# SPM 2005 Past year paper answers

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Hoo Sze Yen

SPM 2005 ANSWERS Note: Items marked in red are no longer in syllabus Paper 1 1. C 2. B 3. A 4. C 5. D 6. B 7. C 8. A 9. E 10. B 11. D 12. C 13. C 14. C 15. A 16. A 17. D 18. D 19. D 20. A 21. D 22. D 23. A 24. C 25. B 26. C 27. C 28. C 29. A 30. A 31. C 32. D 33. A 34. B 35. C 36. D 37. C 38. C 39. D 40. D 41. B 42. E 43. A 44. C 45. B 46. C 47. C 48. D 49. C 50. B

The answers in this document is merely a guide and does not necessarily reflect the actual marking scheme

25 λ= = 0. (a) (b) (c) 5.1 A Overcome parallax error 2 of 13 Hoo Sze Yen (c) 3.2 is higher The answers in this document is merely a guide and does not necessarily reflect the actual marking scheme . This drops the overall heat energy of the skin Any two of the following: • Movement of air (wind) • Humidity • Surface area of liquid • Atmospheric pressure Q = mL = 0.SPM 2005 Past year paper answers Paper 2 Section B 1. (a) (b) (i) Process of liquid converting into steam at any temperature below boiling point (ii) The liquid molecules absorb heat from the skin to gain enough energy to leave the surface of the skin. (a) Current (b) (c) (d) 2. (a) (b) 0.55 m = 3. (a) (b) (c) (d) Waves with the same wavelength and same wave phase difference ax 0.3 D When the peak of a wave meets the peak of another wave or when the trough meets another trough Reflection 8m 7m (e) 4.05 × 2.3 × 106 = 1.15 × 105 J The position of the paper in Figure 5.8 × 2.

(a) 3 of 13 Hoo Sze Yen The higher velocity of air above the paper creates a region of low pressure whereas the lower velocity of air below the paper has higher pressure.5 days (i) mass (ii) 226 Ra → [222 Rn + [4]He + Energy 88 2 86] (iii)E = mc2 = 8. Stationary 2.5 (iii) 1600 → 800 → 400 → 200 → 100 → 50 Time taken = 5 × 7.SPM 2005 Past year paper answers (c) (d) (e) (f) 6. This causes the air below the paper to exert a force upwards.5 = 37. (i) Higher (ii) The air pressure is lower Bernoulli’s principle Bunsen burner 500 1. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) 7. (a) (b) (c) The level is above the maximum acceptable level This is because some of the radiation has been absorbed by the pesticide and unable to be detected by detector S1 The level is below the minimum acceptable level This is because there is no pesticide to absorb the radiation OR The answers in this document is merely a guide and does not necessarily reflect the actual marking scheme . Moving with uniform velocity R = mg + F The normal reaction is the sum of the weight and the net force (i) Reading decreases (ii) Student’s weight minus the net force acting upon the student (i) (b) (ii) 7.6818 × 10-34 × (3 ×108)2 = 8.

Output for P is acceptable 2.SPM 2005 Past year paper answers 4 of 13 Hoo Sze Yen (d) Truth table for P: Truth table for Q: (e) (f) P 1. Output for Q is not acceptable – it accepts all levels of pesticide The answers in this document is merely a guide and does not necessarily reflect the actual marking scheme .

the volume of water displaced is greater when the density of the water is low and vice versa (iii) Archimedes’ principle (b) When water is pumped into the ballast tank. whereas the volume of water displaced by the boat in Figure 9. whereas the level of the boat in Figure 9. the weight of the submarine is greater than the buoyant force acting upon it Therefore the submarine sinks (c) Item Characteristic Explanation Stability Lead shots at the Allows bottom hydrometer to sink partially without tipping over Allows Stability Big diameter hydrometer to cylinder at the sink partially bottom without tipping over Sensitivity Small diameter A smaller scale stem at the top can be drawn Wider range Longer stem Able to sink more in less dense liquids Calibration Filled with air Able to measure densities that are both greater and less than water (a) The answers in this document is merely a guide and does not necessarily reflect the actual marking scheme .SPM 2005 Past year paper answers Essays Part B 5 of 13 Hoo Sze Yen 9.1 is little.1 is low.2 is high The volume of water displaced by the boat in Figure 9.2 is high The mass of the boat and its load is the same in both Figures When the mass of the boat and its load is the same. (i) Density is mass per unit volume (ii) The level of the boat in Figure 9.

(iii) Diffraction Item Characteristic Explanation Design and structure Strong and rigid Will not break under materials strong waves Design and structure Has a small hole in the To allow diffraction for retaining wall dissipation of energy Design and structure Wider at the base of the To withstand water retaining wall pressure Location Bay Calmer waves. less likely to break Size or energy of the Bay Calmer waves due to waves refraction The answers in this document is merely a guide and does not necessarily reflect the actual marking scheme . and the wavelengths remain the same.SPM 2005 Past year paper answers 6 of 13 Hoo Sze Yen 10. The wavelengths before and after passing the gaps are the same. (ii) Figure 10. the more circular the waves that pass through the gap. where as the waves are less circular after passing through a wide gap. The narrower the gap.2 shows parallel incident waves forming circular waves after passing through a narrow gap. (i) (b) Bright spots are formed from the converging light rays that pass through the surface of the water whereas dark regions are formed from the diverging light rays.

(a) (i) Power is the inverse of the focal length of a lens in meters.2 W The answers in this document is merely a guide and does not necessarily reflect the actual marking scheme .SPM 2005 Past year paper answers Part C 7 of 13 Hoo Sze Yen 11.8 A (i) I = = R 30 (ii) Power loss = I2R = 0.82(30) = 19. (ii) Long focal length Bigger diameter (able to catch more light rays) (iii) (iv) Magnification = (b) Focal length of the objective lens 40 = =4 Focal length of the eyepiece 10 (i) Y It has both converging and diverging lenses The converging lens enables near objects to be focused on the retina The diverging lens enables far objects to be focused on the retina (ii) X does not allow far objects to be focused on the retina Z does not allow near objects to be focused on the retina (iii) High index glass Angle of refraction will be too near normal (i) Potential energy → kinetic energy → electrical energy (ii) Ensures continual supply of electricity Able to use another network if one network is down Overall cost of producing electricity is lowered Power can be controlled and adjusted when needed (i) 12. (a) (b) (c) (ii) Laminated soft iron core To prevent eddy currents Easily magnetise and demagnetize (iii) Copper Low resistance Less heat or power loss V 24 =0.

SPM 2005 Past year paper answers 8 of 13 Hoo Sze Yen The answers in this document is merely a guide and does not necessarily reflect the actual marking scheme .

0 7.5 (c) (d) v is directly proportional to e The answers in this document is merely a guide and does not necessarily reflect the actual marking scheme .0 5.5 Velocity.5 64.5 3. v (cm s-1) 27.8 6.0 15.3 5. x (cm) (cm) 2.0 12.5 56.0 11.SPM 2005 Past year paper answers Paper 3 Section A 9 of 13 Hoo Sze Yen 1.0 77. (a) (b) (i) Distance of compression of the spring (ii) Final velocity of trolley (iii)Mass of trolley / spring constant / angle of incline of ramp Distance of compression.5 37. e Length of ticker tape.5 4.

SPM 2005 Past year paper answers 10 of 13 Hoo Sze Yen 2.4 Ω mm2 (i) Gradient. (a) (b) (c) R is inversely proportional to d2 1 = 0.25 (ii) (d) (e) Ensure that the connections are tight The answers in this document is merely a guide and does not necessarily reflect the actual marking scheme .5 − 0.56 mm 0.3 = 12.61 − 0. m = 0.41 mm-2 2 d d = 1.

ice Set up: Procedure: 1. the pressure increases if the mass and volume is constant Aim: To investigate the relationship between the pressure and the temperature of gas Variables: Manipulated: Air temperature Responding: Air pressure Constant: Mass and volume of the trapped air Apparatus and Materials: Round-bottomed flask. Bunsen burner. retort stand. The temperature of the water is taken from the thermometer. wire gauze. 4. Results: Temperature. 40.SPM 2005 Past year paper answers Section B 11 of 13 Hoo Sze Yen Question 3 Inference: The pressure of the air in the tyre increases because the temperature of the air in the tyre has increased Hypothesis: When the temperature of air increases. stirrer. Apparatus is set up as per the diagram. 50. mercury thermometer. tripod. The round-bottomed flask is submerged in water and the water bath with ice is stirred continuously until the temperature of the water bath is stable. 2. 70 and 80 °C. Bourdon gauge. 3. The reading from the Bourdon gauge is read at temperatures 30. P (Pa) The answers in this document is merely a guide and does not necessarily reflect the actual marking scheme . θ (°C) 30 40 50 60 70 80 Air pressure. 60.

• A linear graph is obtained. pressure P = 0 occurs when gas temperature. The answers in this document is merely a guide and does not necessarily reflect the actual marking scheme .SPM 2005 Past year paper answers 12 of 13 Hoo Sze Yen Analysis: • A graph of P against θ is plotted. • When extrapolated. a linear graph that goes through origin is obtained. θ = -273 °C • When the Celsius scale is replaced with the Kelvin scale.

I against the height of the magnet bar is drawn. the higher the speed of the magnet bar moving through the solenoid. magnet bar. ruler. The apparatus is setup as above. I Height of magnet bar The answers in this document is merely a guide and does not necessarily reflect the actual marking scheme . It is observed that the higher the magnet bar.0 cm and 60. The experiment is repeated with the height of the magnet bar at 30.SPM 2005 Past year paper answers Question 4 13 of 13 Hoo Sze Yen Inference: As the magnet moves through the coil faster.0 cm. 3. retort stand Setup: Procedure: 1. 2.e. 40.0 cm. Galvanometer reading. galvanometer. 50. The reading of the galvanometer is recorded. the magnitude of the current or the brightness of the light bulb increases Hypothesis: The faster the relative movement of the magnet with the solenoid. i. the higher the induced current Aim of the experiment: To study the relationship between the speed of the movement of the magnet with the solenoid and the induced current Variables: Manipulated: Height of the magnet bar (this determines the speed of the magnet) Responding: Galvanometer reading Constant: Number of turns on the solenoid Apparatus/Materials: Insulated copper wire. The height of the magnet bar is placed at 20.0 cm and dropped through the solenoid. the higher the galvanometer reading.0 cm. Analysis A graph of galvanometer reading.