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BREAKING BARRIERS,By African Development Bank Group

BREAKING BARRIERS,By African Development Bank Group

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10/23/2013

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Breaking Down Barriers

African Development Bank Group

Borderless 2012: Transforming Trade 1st Annual Conference & General Assembly 15-16 May 2012 Hôtel Golf, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

AfDB
1

Wednesday, May 16, 2012

ONRI- NEPAD Regional Integration & Trade

Slide Sequence
Policy-Strategic Issues Responses

AfDB’s Approach Transport/Trade Sectors

Barriers Response on Barriers

Benefits of IBMs
Expected Outcomes

Wednesday, May 16, 2012

ONRI- NEPAD Regional Integration & Trade

2

African Development Bank’s Approach
• The AfDB has a Regional Integration Strategy (RIS) that has two key pillars: • (i) Regional Infrastructure Development; • (ii) Institutional Capacity Building Other cross cutting issues include: cross border trade facilitation; enhancement of regional financial infrastructure etc.

Wednesday, May 16, 2012

ONRI- NEPAD Regional Integration & Trade

3

Transport and Trade Sectors Regional Operations in West Africa

Transport Sector Projects

What is entailed under the AfDB’s Transport/Trade Facilitation Components

Beneficiary Countries

Project Cost in UA

Institution

Outcome

Rehabilitation of the Lomé - Cotonou Road and Transport Facilitation on the Abidjan-Lagos Corridor Project Boke-Kebo Road Rehabilitation Project Rehabilitation of the Atakpame – Kara Road and transport facilitation project on the Lomé Ouagadougou Corridor Integrated System of Multimodal Transport Lomé-Cotonou (77.5 km) on the Abidjan-Lagos Corridor rehabilitated by 2014 - The Trans-Gambia bridge on the DakarLagos corridor is constructed by 2016 Support provided to regional training programs & institutions for trade facilitation and standards. Construction of OSBPs Users of the rehabilitated corridors sensitized to trade facilitation measures Collaboration with ECOWAS and UEMOA Commissions respectively scaled up on the activities of the Observatory of Abnormal Practices to record unofficial stops and demand for payments. Collaboration to support institutional capacity of ECOWAS/UEMOA on trade facilitation

Benin-Togo

150 million

ECOWAS

GuineaGuinea-Bissau Burkina-Faso Togo

90 million

ECOWAS Barriers to trade mitigated: Transaction costs for movement of persons and goods reduced.

158 million

ECOWAS/ WAEMU

Guinea-Mali MauritaniaSenegal

40 million

OMVS

Time taken reduced Efficiency gains attained by services providers and economic operators.

Togo-Benin

-

-

SenegalGambia

-

-

Regional Integration & Trade

Strengthening institutional Capacity of RECs

ECOWASWAEMU

UA 30 million

ECOWAS/ WAEMU

Wednesday, May 16, 2012

ONRI- NEPAD Regional Integration & Trade

4

Barriers
Behind the Border
• Capacity and institutional Weaknesses • Non-Tariff Barriers • Transit Corridor issues

At the Border

• Operational Issues:- i.e. complex documentation, unharmonised procedures, language challenges, varied border agencies • Legal issues: – unimplemented agreements/protocols • Weak border infrastructure:- including ICT facilities • Public policy issues – sudden shift in tariffs • NTMs i.e. SPS, TBTs, • Political and/or Commercial risks

After the border

Wednesday, May 16, 2012

ONRI- NEPAD Regional Integration & Trade

5

AfDB’s Response to Barriers
Behind the Border
• Collaborate with national institutions, ECOWAS & UEMOA to address human capacity and institutional Weaknesses • Support elimination of NTBs along transport and transit corridors

At the Border

• Operational Issues:- support documentation and processes harmonization including STR • Legal issues: – push for agreements/protocols • Weak border infrastructure:- OSBPs & IBM • Public policy issues – sudden shift in tariffs • NTMs i.e. support studies and workshops on SPS, TBTs, etc • Political and/or Commercial risks: advocate for strengthening of RECs and DSU mechanisms
ONRI- NEPAD Regional Integration & Trade 6

After the border

Wednesday, May 16, 2012

Best Practice - OSBP/IBM

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ONRI- NEPAD Regional Integration & Trade

7

Lessons Learnt - Benefits of IBM
Clarifies responsibilities Accountability of border agencies

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ONRI- NEPAD Regional Integration & Trade

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Expected Outcomes/Conclusion
Reduction in Transaction Costs

Reduction of Time Taken at Borders

Efficiency gains for economic operators

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ONRI- NEPAD Regional Integration & Trade

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THANK YOU
• • • • • Gerald AJUMBO NEPAD Regional Integration and Trade – ONRI B.P. 323-1002 Tunis Belvédére Tunisia Website: www.afdb.org E-mail: G.AJUMBO@AFDB.ORG

Wednesday, May 16, 2012

ONRI- NEPAD Regional Integration & Trade

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