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Advance Studies in Hydraulic Structures

Case Study

Hydro Power and Pump Storage in the Black Forest


Presentation 2

Design of Concrete Gravity Dam Group Number 5


Presenter

M. Adil Javed

Content

1 - Dam Design Parameters

2 - Drawings and Site Plan


3 - Stability Checks 4 - FEM - Analysis

1 - Dam Design Parameters I

Max. Operation Level: 670 m Freebord: 1 m Lowest Point Dam: 625 m

Foundation Level: 619 m Height for Flood (ho): 2m

1 - Dam Design Parameters II

Parameters
a = 55 m (Height from given levels) b = 41 m (Width)

c = 4 m (Service Road)
x = 0.70 (chosen from 0.7 0.8) y=1 L = 400 m

1 - Dam Design Parameters III

A = 16 m2 B = 204 m2 C = 943,5 m2

Cross Section

Site Plan I

Site Plan II

Stability Checks I
Concrete Properties (A)
-Density: 2.25 g/cm3 = 2250 kg/m3 -Angle of internal friction ( ): 43.5

-Compressive strength: 15.8

N/mm2

= 161

kg/cm2

Given Values

-Tensile strength: 1.9 N/mm2 = 19.37 kg/cm2 -Degree of join: 0.01

Rock Foundation Properties (A)


-Density: 2.64 g/cm3 = 2640 kg/m3
-Angle of internal friction ( ): 52.5 -Compressive strength: 111.3 N/mm2 = 1134.5 kg/cm2 -Tensile strength: 10 N/mm2 = 101.94 kg/cm2 -Degree of join: 0.03

Stability Checks II

Stability Checks III


1 - Dead Loads L1, L2, L3 L1 L2 L3 20825 4503 353 kN kN kN

2 - Water Load W1 W1 13778,145 kN

3 - Uplift Load W2 W2 7460,996 kN

Likely Loads for Unit Length

Stability Checks IV

Moments
Horizontal Vertical (kN) (kN) Lever Moment Lever Arm X about X Arm Z (m) (kN.m) (m) 20825,40375 16,33333 340148,261 24,67 4502,79 2 9005,58 39 353,16 2 706,32 39 13778,145 17,67 243413,895 17,67 -7460,996 13,66667 -101966,94 27,33 18220,35825 13778,145 491307,118 Moment about Z (kN.m) 513693,3 175608,8 13773,24 -243414 -203934 255727,6

Force L1 L2 L3 W1 W2

Stability Checks VI
Dimensioning Situations
(DIN 19700) Selected = BS I

Overall Safety Factors


(DIN 19700)

Stability Checks V
Load Case I Resistance Conditions of Structure = Likely Loadings

Dimensioning Situation = BS I

Stability Checks VI
General Requirements for Stability
1 - Safety angainst Floating

a = (L1+L2+L3) / W2 a = 3,4

Stability Checks VI
2. Safety Against Sliding

g = ((L1+L2+L3-W2 * tan ) + a * (B * 1m ) * c) / W1 g = 4,63 > 2 "BS I" OK

Stability Checks VI
3.Safety Against Overturning

MR (x)= MR (z)=

491307 kNm 255728 kNm

Rv =

18220 kNm

lAC ; is the lever arm from the turning point X or Z to the centre point from X b/2 from Z lAC= 13,6231199 20,5 27,3768801 m MR (x) = MR (z) = 117790 kNm -117790 kNm

e (x) = e (z) =

6,5 m -6,5 m

<

6,83333333

OK OK

Stability Checks VI
4. Admissible Base Pressure

h(t)= Rv / (B * 1m) +/- (e * Rv) / ((B^2 * 1m)/6) h(t) (x)= 864,8264902 kN/m h(t) (z)= 864,8264902 kN/m OK OK

<

2000

kN/m

FEM Analysis

Boundary Conditions

Material: Concrete Foundation: Rock

Roller Support

Fixed Support

FEM Analysis

Meshing

FEM Analysis

Hydrostatic Pressure

FEM Analysis

Uplift Pressure

FEM Analysis

Total Deformation

Max. Deformation 3,06 cm

FEM Analysis

Elastic Strain

FEM Analysis

Deform. Animation

Max. Deformation 3,06 cm

Thanks !