http://www.7daynewsjournal.

com

twGJ(11)? trSwf(13)

2002 rwf 7 wGif pwifxkwfa0onf

1374 ckESpf? e,kefvjynhfausmf 3 &uf ? Mumoyaw;? (ZGef 7 ? 2012)

]ESpfEkdifiHMum;rSm&SdaewJh b,fpDrHudef;urS jrefrmjynfolawG&JU
tajccHtusdK;pD;yGm;udk qefYusifr,fvdkY uRefawmfuawmh rxifbl;}
jrefrmEdkifiHqkdif&m w½kwfoHtrwfBuD;ESifh oD;oefYawGYqHkjcif;
pm(28)okdY

pm;oHk;&efroifhonfhqDrsm;
w½kwfEkdifiHrS
wifoGif;aeonfhudpö
ta&;ay:tpnf;ta0;ac:,l

tvkyftukdifqE´jyrI

wpfvtwGif;
puf½kH57½kHrS vkyfom;
okH;aomif;cGJausmf
Nidrf;csrf;pGmqE´jy
atmifol&
&efukef? ZGef-3
arvwpfvtwGi;f &efuek w
f idk ;f
a'oBu;D twGif;&Sd tvkyf½kH 57
½kHrS qE´jytvkyform; 36ç810
OD;&Sad Mumif; tvkyo
f rm;0efBuD;
Xme jynfaxmifp0k efBu;D OD;atmif
Munfu ajymonf/
xkq
d E´jyolrsm;xJrS tvkyf
½kH 38 ½kHrS tvkyform; 22ç487
OD;twGuf ajz&Si;f ay;Ekid cf ahJ omf
vnf; tvkyf½kH 19 ½kHrS tvkyf
orm; 14ç323 OD;twGuf ajz&Si;f
ae&qJjzpfaMumif; ar 3 &ufwiG f
csux
f &D,rf[w
k d ,füjyKvyk af om
jrefrmh CMP (vufcpm;) vkyf
ief;rsm; zHGUNzdK;wkd;wufa&;ESifh
pdefac:rIrsm; aqG;aEG;yJGwGif OD;
atmifMunfu ajymMum;cJhjcif;
jzpfonf/
tqkdyg tvkyf½kHaqG;aEG;
yJGodkY wufa&mufvmaom 88
rsKd;qufopfausmif;om;rsm;t
zJUG 0if OD;udu
k Bkd uD;u ]]qmavmif
olawGudk qlavmifolawGvdkY
rowfrSwfzdkY ta&;BuD;ygw,f/
qE´jyaeygNyDqdkwm xrif;iwf
aeygNyDvdkY ajymwmeJY twlwlyJ}}
[kajymMum;cJhonf/ pm(12)okdY

jynfodrf;
&efukef? ZGef - 4
jrefrmEkid if eH ,fpyfa'orsm;wGif
ppfaq;rItm;enf;jcif;udk t
cGihfaumif;,lí usef;rma&;xd
cku
d af pNy;D pm;oH;k &efroifo
h nfq
h D
rsm;udk w½kwEf idk if rH S wefcsed rf sm;
pGm wifoiG ;f aeaMumif; rEÅav;
qDvyk if ef;&Sirf sm;toif;rSowif;
&&Sdonf/

pD;yGm;a&;ESihf ul;oef;
a&mif;0,fa&;0efBuD;XmerS wm
0ef&o
dS rl sm;? ukeo
f nfv,f,mrS
wm0ef&Sdolrsm;ESihf qDukefonf

"mwfy-Hk a*sarmifarmif(tr&yl&)

aiGvJEIef;jrifhwufapa&;twGuf tpDtpOfwpfck&Sd[k pufrI0efBuD;ajymMum;
atmifol&
&efukef? ZGef-3
tar&duefa':vmESihfjrefrm usyaf iGvv
J ,
S o
f nfEh eI ;f xm; jrifw
h ufvma&;twGuftpDtpOf
wpfc&k adS Mumif; jrefrmEkid if H &if;ES;D jrK§ yEf rHS aI umfr&SiOf uú| pufr0I efBu;D Xme jynfaxmifp0k efBu;D
OD;pdk;odef;uajymMum;onf/
pm(12)okdY

ESihfqDvkyfief;&Sifrsm;toif;rS
wm0ef&Sdolrsm;u ZGefv 3&uf
wGifarSmifcq
dk u
D pd Eö iS yhf wfoufí
rEÅ a v;wk d i f ; uk e f o nf v ,f
,m½Hk;ü ta&;ay:tpnf;t
a0;usi;f ycJah Mumif; qDvyk if ef;
&Sifrsm;toif; Ouú|u ajym
Mum;onf/
]]'DqDawGu w½kwfrSmqkd
&if vlpm;zkdYrajymeJY wd&pämefpm
awGxJawmifrxnfh&bl;}}[k
rEÅav;NrdKUcH qDukefonfwpfOD;
u qkdonf/
pm(12)okdY

&ckdifjynfe,ftwGif; Oya'rJhtkyfpkzGJUvIyf&Sm;rIrsm;tm;
pkHprf;ppfaq;ta&;,lrnf
&efukef? ZGef-4
&ckid jf ynfe,fwiG f ZGef 3&ufu pwifjzpfymG ;cJah om vlrsK;d a&;qefonhf
tkyfpkzGJUowfjzwfcJhrIrsm;ESihfywfoufí vkdtyfaom pkHprf;ppfaq;
ta&;,lrrI sm; jyKvyk o
f mG ;rnfjzpfNy;D &yf&mG wnfNird af &;twGuf ouf
qkid &f mwm0ef&o
dS rl sm;ESifh NrdKUrdNrdKUzrsm;yl;aygif;xde;f odr;f aqmif&u
G f
vsuf&SdaMumif; EkdifiHykdifrD'D,mu ,aeYowif;xkwfjyefonf/
tcsyfykd(D)okdY

2

3

Home

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

or®w\ xkdif;EkdifiH
c&D;pOfa&TUqkdif;
at;jrausmf
&efukef? ZGef-2
EkdifiHawmfor®wOD;odef;pdef OD;
aqmifí cspfMunfa&; c&D;pOf

tjzpf xkdif;EkdifiHodkY ZGef 4 &uf
ESihf 5&ufww
Ydk iG f oGm;a&mufrnfh
c&D;pOfudk taMumif;rnDnGwf
ojzifh a&TUqkdif;vkdufaMumif;

or®w½kH;u ZGef 1&ufwGif xkwf
jyefaMunmonf/
or®wOD;aqmifonfh cspf
Munfa&;tzJUG onf ZGef 4? 5 &uf
wGif xkid ;f Ekid if o
H Ykd oGm; a&muf&ef
&nf & G , f x m;aom c&D ; pOf u d k
a&TUqkdif;um ESpfEkdifiH tqifajy
rnfhtcsdefudk jyefvnfn§dEIdif;
um c&D;pOfudk pDpOfoGm;rnf[k
or®w½kH;\ 0ufbfqkdufrSwpf
qifh xkwjf yefaMunmcJhonf/

or® w OD ; od e f ; pd e f o nf

xkid ;f Ekid if H befaumufNrKd UwGif ar
30rSZGef1&uftxdusi;f yjyKvyk f
aom urÇmhpD;yGm;a&;zdk&rfodkY
wufa&muf&ef rlvu pDpOfcJh
aomfvnf; wufa&mufEidk cf jhJ cif;
r&Sb
d J c&D;pOfukd ZGef 4? 5 &ufwiG f
oG m ;a&muf & ef a&T U qk d i f ; cJ h N yD ;
,ck xyfraH &TUqdik ;f vku
d jf cif;jzpf
onf/
trsKd;om; 'Drdkua&pDt
zJGUcsKyfacgif;aqmif Nidrf;csrf;a&;
EdkA,fqk& a':atmifqef;pk

jrefrmEdkifiH\ jyKjyifajymif;vJrIrsm;ESifhywfoufí
]tqifjcifrJh taumif;jrif0g'}udk a':atmifqef;pkMunfowday;
befaumuf? ZGef - 2
jrefrmEkid if w
H iG f jzpfay:aeaom
jyKjyifajymif;vJrrI sm;ESiyfh wfouf
í ]tqifjcifrJh taumif;jrif
0g'}taMumif;udk jrefrmh'Drkdu
a&pD t a&; acgif ; aqmif a ':
atmifqef;pkMunfu owday;
ajymMum;cJhonf/
befaumufNrKd UwGif usi;f y
aom urÇ m h p D ; yG m ;a&; zk d & rf ü
aqG;aEG;ajymMum;&mwGif a':
atmif q ef ; pk M unf u jref r m
Ekid if \
H jyKjyifajymif;vJraI &;vkyf
ief;pOfrSm aemufjyefrvSnfhEkdif
aom tajctaer[kwfao;
aMumif; xnfhoGif;ajymMum;cJh
onf/
rMumao;rDu olrukd,f
wkid f tzGUJ 0ifwpfO;D jzpfvmaom
ygvDrefrSm 'Drkdua&pDenf;vrf;
wus jzpf&ef a0;aeao;aMumif;
a':atmifqef;pkMunfuquf
vufajymMum;onf/ xkdYtjyif
a':atmifqef;pkMunfu EkdifiH
\ vdktyfcsufrsm;udkjznfhqnf;
&ef &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHolrsm;ukd wdkuf
wGef;ajymMum;NyD; jrefrmEkdifiH\
i,f&G,faom vlxkudk avhusihf

"mwfykH-attufzfyD

oifMum;ay;a&;ESifh tvkyft
ukdifzefwD;ay;&ef tvGefta&;
BuD;aMumif; ajymMum;onf/
jrefrmEkdifiHodkY &if;ESD;jr§KyfESH
rIrsm;0ifa&mufvmyguvnf;
¤if;&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIrsm;rSm jcpm;rI
ESihfrnDrrQrIudk tm;ray;oifh
aMumif;ajymonf/
]]uRerf 'Duakd &mufvmwm
bmvkyf&rvJ ajymzkdYr[kwfyg
bl;/ uRefrwkdY bmvdktyfw,f
qdkwmajymzkdYyg}}[k ESpfaygif; 20

ausmfumvtwGif; jrefrmEkdifiH
jyifywGif yxrOD;qH;k tBurd f t
a&;ygaom rdefYcGef;wpf&yf ajym
Mum;&mü a':atmifqef;pk
MunfuajymMum;onf/
jrefrmEkid if w
H iG f &if;ES;D jrK§ yEf HS
&efpDpOfaeolrsm;taejzihf om
ref jrefrmjynfolrsm;\b0wkd;
wufa&;twGuf owdjyKí &if;
ESD;jr§KyfESH&efvdktyfaMumif; a':
atmifqef;pkMunfuwku
d w
f eG ;f
ajymMum;onf/

]]uRef r wk d Y t wG u f av;
av;eufeufpOf;pm;ay;yg}}[k
vnf;a':atmifqef;pkMunfu
ajymMum;onf/

jref r mEk d i f i H \ ppf b uf
axmufcaH omt&yfom;tpk;d &
onf EkdifiHtm; ydkrkdyGihfvif;vm
ap&ef jyKjyifajymif;vJrIrsm;
qufwu
dk jf yKvyk cf ahJ Mumif; bDbpD D
owif;wGifazmfjyonf/

Munfonf urÇmhpD;yGm;a&; zdk
&rfodkY wufa&mufum rdefYcGef;
ajymMum;cJhNyD; xkdif;EkdifiHodkY ig;
&ufMumoGm;a&mufco
hJ nf/ xkid ;f
EkdifiHa&muf jrefrma&TUajymif;
tvkyform; trsm;qkH;aexkdif
&m r[mcsKdifESifhNyD; rJaqmufNrdKU
odv
Yk nf; oGm;a&mufí'kuo
© nf
rsm;ESifh awGUqkHcJhonf/

e,l ; a,muf w k d i f ; rf
owif;pm\ yifwkdifaqmif;yg;
&Sif aomrwfzlvmu ZGef 31

&ufwGif a&;om;aom ¤if;\
aqmif;yg;ü xkid ;f Ekid if t
H BuD;qk;H
owif;pm xkdif;&wfu xkdif;
EkdifiH0efBuD;csKyf,ifvwf&Sifem
0yfESifh awGUqkHar;jref;&mwGif
,ifvwfu a':atmifqef;pk
Munf\ xkid ;f Ekid if H tvnftywf
c&D;onf xkid ;f ESihf jrefrm ESpEf idk if H
qufqHa&;udk ysufpD;aprnfudk
rdrdpdk;&drfylyefaMumif; ajzMum;
xm;aMumif; xnfhoGif;a&;om;
xm;onf/

rIcif;jzpfyGm;rIEIef; jrifhwufae
odrfhodrfhpdk;
&efukef? ZGef-2
&efuek w
f ikd ;f a'oBu;D wGif wpfEpS v
f Qif vlowfraI ygif; 100
ausmjf zpfymG ;aMumif; jrefrmEkid if &H w
J yfzUGJ ? &efuek w
f idk ;f a'o
BuD; &JwyfzJGUrSL;½kH;rS od&Sd&onf/
&efuek w
f idk ;f a'oBu;D onf jynfe,fEiS hf wkid ;f a'oBuD;
rsm; tm;vkH;xJwGif rIcif;trsm;qkH;jzpfyGm;aom wkdif;a'o
BuD;jzpfaMumif; jrefrmEkdifiH &JwyfzJGU? &efukefwkdif;a'oBuD;
&JwyfzJGUrSL;½kH;? XmecJGrSL;OD;pD;(2)&JrSL;jrifhaxG;u ajymonf/
]]wpfjynfvkH;rSm&SdwJh jynfe,fESifhwkdif;a'oBuD; 13 ck
rSm wufvmwJh trIeYJ &efuek ef u
YJ twlwal vmuf &Syd gw,f/
rIcif;wufwmu uReaf wmfwq
Ykd rD mS wpfEpS w
f pfEpS f 40 eJY 50
Mum;rSm&Sdw,f}} [k &JrSL;jrifhaxG;u ajymonf/
&efukefwkdif;a'oBuD;ü jzpfyGm;aom trIrsm;wGif vl
owfrIESifh rk'drf;rIrSm trsm;qkH;jzpfyGm;onfh trIrsm;jzpf
onf/ &efuek Nf rKd UwGif jzpfymG ;aom trIrsm;onf ynmom;yg
aom trIrsm;jzpfavh&adS Mumif; od&onf/ ,if;odjYk zpf&jcif;
rSm vlrsKd;pkHvifouJhokdY tawGUtBuHK pkHvifjcif;rsm;aMumifh
vnf; ,ckvrf;rawmfNrdKUe,fwGif jzpfyGm;aom trIuJhodkY
aomtrIrsKd; jzpfyGm;&jcif;jzpfaMumif; od&onf/
]]&efukefwkdif;u NrdKUawmfBuD;jzpfayr,hf vlowfru
I
ckcsdefxd e,fawGxufydkaeao;w,f}} [k &efukefESifhywf
oufaom rIcif;taetxm;udk¤if;uqufvufajymonf/
trIjzpfyGm;aom ae&mawmfawmfrsm;rsm;onf NrdKU
ay: a'oxuf NrKd Urus? awmrus ae&mrsm;üjzpfymG ;avh&dS
aMumif; od&onf/
]]2010? 2011? 2012 ESpf rsm; taetxm;eJY Munf&h if
rIcif;ydkrsm;vmw,fvkdY ajymvd&Yk w,f}} [k ¤if;u ajymMum;
onf/

Ref: BBC

'g½kdufwm0dkif;pDpOfonfh v,f,majrjyóem Zmwfum;twGuf ½kyfoHrSwfwrf;½dkuful;ol ta&;,lcH&
at;olpH
&efukef?
ZGef-4
'g½ku
d w
f m0dik ;f pDpOf½u
kd u
f ;l onfh
v,fajrtodrf;cH v,form;
rsm;twG u f rS w f w rf ; um;wd k
½dkuful;rIwGif yg0ifulnD½dkuf
ul;ay;onfh uifr&mrif;ukyd u
dk f
ESihfv,form;ta&; aqmif&u
G f
ol jyifO;D vGiZf mwd udak evif;OD;
wdYk ESpOf ;D udk jyifO;D vGif c½dik jf yifpm
&Jpcef;u ta&;,lcJhaMumif; 'g
½dkufwm0dkif;u ajymonf/
]]jyifpm&GmrSm v,form;
ig;q,fausmfeJY c½dkifbuf wm

0ef&SdolawG yg0ifwJh v,f,m
ajrtvkyf½kH aqG;aEG;yJGudk ½kyfoH
rSwfwrf;½kdufaewJh uRefawmfh
uifr&mrif;eJY udkaevif;OD;wdkY
udk jyifpm&Jpcef;u ac:ppfNyD;
cH0efx;dk cdik ;f w,f/ 0wå&m;aESmifh
,SufrIeJY ta&;,lvdkY&w,fvdkY
vnf; ajymao;w,f}} [k 'g½du
k f
wm0dkif;u ajymonf/
,ckaqG;aEG;yJGodkY owif;
vma&muf&,lay;yg&ef v,f
orm;ta&; vIyf&Sm;oludkae
vif;OD;u 'g½kdufwm0dkif;xHodkY
vma&mufzw
d Mf um;cJjh cif;jzpfNy;D
'g½dkufwm0dkif;\ uifr&mrif;

½kyfoHrSwfwrf;oGm;a&muf&,l
pOf jyifpm&Jpcef;rS ,ckuJhodkY
ac:,lppfaq;jcif;? cH0efvuf
rSwfa&;xkd;cdkif;jcif;wkdY jyKvkyfcJh
jcif;jzpfaMumif; od&onf/ ,if;
udpöESifh ywfoufNyD; jyifpm&J
pcef;odkY qufoG,far;jref;&m
]]tck 'DtrIudkifwJholu jyifOD;
vGif w&m;½k;H udk oGm;aeygw,f/
ajzMum;Ekdifjcif; r&Sdao;ygbl;}}
[k wm0efusolwpfOD;u jyef
vnfajymMum;onf/
]]uRefawmfu 'DrSwfwrf;
um;wdkudk v,form;awG udk,f
pm; or®w½kH;eJY jynfolYvTwf

awmfxd wifzdkYvkyfxm;wmyg/
'DvdkESpfOD; ESpfzuf yg0ifwJh t
vkyf½kHaqG;aEG;yJGqdkwm vkyfMu
NyD; ½dkufvdkY&wmr[kwfbl;/ tck
uRefawmfh ½kyfoHzkdifawGvnf;
zsufqD;cH&ovdk tJ'DaeYyJGrSm
&G m om;awG ½d k u f w J h u if r &m
av;q,fausmfvnf; zsufqD;cH
&w,f}} [k 0kdif;u qufvuf
ajymonf/
,ckuo
hJ Ykd½kyo
f zH idk rf sm;ysuf
pD;oGm;aomfvnf; ¤if;\ ½du
k u
f ;l
wifjyrIrsm;udk aemufqkwfoGm;
rnf r[kwaf Mumif;vnf; 0dik ;f u
ajymonf/

,if;tjyif vuf&Sdtcsdef
wGif cH0efxkd;xm;cJhjcif;aMumifh
aemifxyfrH ½dkuful;ygu tzrf;
cH&Ekid af jc&So
d nft
h wGuf &efuek f

odkY jyefa&mufygu a&SUaeESifh
wkdifyifum cH0efajzavQmh&ef
aqmif&GufoGm;rnf[k 'g½dkuf
wm0kdif;u ajymonf/

4

Home

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

qkdifu,fvdkifpifrsm; w&m;0ifxkwfay;rnf
atmifol&

vrf;rawmfwGif vlowf? rD;½dIY rI
pDpDwDADrS wpfqifh ajc&mcHzrf;rd
odrfhodrfhpkd;

&efukef? ZGef - 4
vrf;rawmfNrKd Ue,fwiG f arv30&ufu jzpfymG ;onfrh ;D
avmifro
I nf ypön;f vk,lvlowfNy;D rS rD;½dUI cJah omjzpfpOf
jzpfNyD; ,if;w&m;cHtm; tcif;jzpfyGm;NyD; 44 em&DMum
wGif zrf;qD;EkdifcJhaMumif; jrefrmEkdifiH&JwyfzGJU &efukef
wkdif;a'oBuD; &JwyfzGJUrSL;½Hk; XmecGJrSL; OD;pD;(2) &JrSL;jrihf
axG;uajymMum;onf/
aoqHk;olrSm touf 16ESpft&G,fcefY&Sdaom
wuúodkvf0ifwef;pmar;yGJajzqkdxm;ol trsKd;orD;
i,fwpfO;D jzpfonf/ vk,ufrjI zpfcsed w
f iG f aetdrüf ,if;
trsK;d orD;i,fwpfO;D wnf;om &Sad ecJjh cif;jzpfaMumif;
od&onf/
aoqHk;oGm;aom trsKd;orD;i,f\ OD;acgif;?
vnfyif;ESihf vufwkdYwGif jywf&S'Pf&m&&Sdxm;NyD; rD;
avmifaoqH;k aeonfuakd wGU&Scd &hJ aMumif;od&onf/
xkdYtjyif vlowfolrSm umvwefzkd; 10ç450ç000
usyf wefzkd;&Sdonfh &wemypönf; 14rsKd; vk,ufoGm;cJh
onf/
,if;w&m;cHudk tcif;jzpfyGm;&mwkdufwGif ae
xkdifaom rsufjrifoufaooHk;OD;\ ajymjycsufrsm;
aMumifv
h nf; ,ckuo
hJ Ykd tjrefq;kH azmfxw
k Ef idk jf cif;jzpf
aMumif; txufyg&JrSL;uajymMum;onf/
jypfrIusL;vGefcJholonf touf 40ESpft&G,f
udrk sK;d (c) rsK;d vGijf zpfNy;D ,if;udk trSwf 1345? xlyg½H-k 9
vrf;? 1&yfuGuf? omauwNrdKUe,f aetdrfüyif zrf;rd
cJhaMumif;od&onf/
w&m;cHrsKd;vGifonf tcif;jzpfyGm;onfhaeYu
aetdrrf S eHeuf 10em&Dcefw
Y iG f xGucf mG Ny;D 35 rDeb
D wfpf
pD;um pHjyrSwfwkdifwGif qif;cJhonf/ ,if;aemuf
a&TykZeG frkefYwdkufoo
kYd Gm;um rkefY0,f,ltNy;D tcif;jzpf
yGm;cJah om vrf;rawmf 7vrf;aetdrfoYdk oGm;a&mufchJ
aMumif; &Jppfcsufrsm;wGifawGU&onf/
wdu
k cf ef;atmuf a&mufpOfwiG f acgif;avmif;BuKd ;
qGJaomfvnf; vlxGufrvmí wdkufavSum; oHyef;
wHcg;tm; trsKd;om;wpfOD;ESihf uav;wpfOD;xGuf
vmpOf avSum;ay:wufcJhaMumif;od&onf/
pm(12)okdY

&efukef?
ar-31
jrefrmEkdifiH tESHYtjym;&Sd vkdifpif
rJq
h idk u
f ,frsm;tm; ZGev
f 6 &uf
rSpí w&m;0ifvkdifpifxkwfay;
oGm;rnf[k ukef;vrf;ydkYaqmif
a&;ñTefMum;rIOD;pD;XmerS ñTef
Mum;a&;rS L ;OD ; atmif o G i f u
ajymonf/
]]b,f a rmf ' ,f y J j zpf j zpf
uneu ESpfaomif;ESpfaxmif
usyfyJ aumufr,f/ qkdifu,f
vmtyfwJhvlu rSwfykHwifyJ,l
vmNyD; oufqkdif&m une½kH;
awGrmS vmtyf½yHk }J } [k OD;atmif
oGifuqkdonf/
,ck uneu aumufcH
aom EIe;f xm;rSm,cifaumufcH
cJhaom EIef;xm;xuf usyfig;
aomif;cefY ydkrdkoufomonf/
odkYaomf b@mtcGef0ef

um;aps;uGufvIyf&Sm;NyD;aemuf ,ckxkwfjyefcsufu e,fqkdifu,faps;uGufukd xdcdkufaponf

BuD;Xmeu taumufcGef 5 &m
cdkifEIef;ESifh ukefoG,fcGef 5 &m
ck d i f E I e f ; ay;aqmif & rnf jzpf
onf/
]]'D a eY owif ; xG u f v m
awmh qkdifu,fta&mif;t0,f
&yfoGm;NyD; w&m;0if oGif;xm;

wJhvlawGtwGuf bmvkyfay;
rvJ apmifhMunfh&OD;r,f}} [k
rl q ,f a 'orS qk d i f u ,f w if
oGif;aeol ukefonfwpfOD;u
ajym onf/
1999 rS 2012 ck E S p f x d
armfawmfqkdifu,f tpD;a&

"mwfykH-a*sarmifarmif(tr&yl&)

1587292 pD;tm; vkdifpifxkwf
ay;cJhNyD;? aumufcH&&Sdaom pm
&if;t& 2012 ckEpS f Zefe0g&D xd
w&m;r0ifwifoGif;xm;aom
qkdifu,fpD;a& 195812 pD;&Sd
onf[k EkdifiHydkifowif;pmrsm;
wGif azmfjyxm;onf/

awmif;qkdvIyf&Sm;rIrsm;wGif EkdifiHa&;ygwDrsm; yg0ifvIyf&Sm;rIESihfywfoufí
wm0ef&Sdolrsm;ukd a&G;aumufyJGaumfr&Sif ac:awGU
&efukef? ar-31
EkdifiHa&;ygwDrsm; txnfcsKyf
puf½kHtvkyform;udpö? vQyfppf
rD;udpörsm;wGif yg0ifywfoufrI
rsm;ESifh ywfoufí xdef;odrf;
Muyfrwfay;&ef jynfaxmifpk
a&G;aumufyJGaumfr&Sifu ar
29&ufwiG fac:,lawGUqkcH o
hJ nf/
txnfcsKyfpuf½kH tvkyf
orm;udpö? vQyfppfrD;udpörsm;
wGif yg0ifywfoufrrI sm;ESiyhf wf
oufí &yfwnfajz&Sif;&mwGif
oufqkdif&m wnfqJOya'rsm;
ESifhtnD Oya'abmiftwGif;rS
om yl;aygif;n§dEIdif; ajz&Sif;Mu

apa&; ac:,lawGUqkHrItm; ar
29 &ufu jyKvkyfcJhaMumif; 88
rsKd;qufausmif;om;vli,frsm;
(jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEkdifiH) ygwD
rS OD;aX;atmifu ajymonf/
]]uRefawmfwdkY ygwD&,f?
jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEkdifiH trsKd;
om;Ek d i f i H a &; tzJ G U csKyf y gwD ?
tifeft,fvf'D&,f? BuHhckdifa&;
ygwD? tifef'DtufzfygwD? acwf
opfjynfolygwD tm;vkH;aygif;
ygwDajcmufcak c:awGUw,f/wkid ;f
&if;om;ygwDjzpfwJh acwfopf
jynfolYygwDuawmh rwufjzpf
bl ; }} [k 88 rsKd ; quf a usmif ;

om;vli,frsm; (jynfaxmifpk
jrefrmEkdifiH) ygwD taxGaxG
twGif;a&;rSL;OD;aX;atmifu
ajymonf/
]]t"d u ac:wmu vQyf
ppfudpö? tvkyform;udpöawG
rSm tpdk;&Xmeqkdif&mawGeJY yl;
aygif;aqmif&u
G zf ?Ykd tvkyo
f rm;
awG &oif h & xk d u f w m aqmif
&GuEf idk af tmif aumfr&Siu
f ac:
n§cd idk ;f wmyg}} [k txufygyk*Kd¾ vf
u ajymonf/
&efuek Nf rKd U&Sd pufrZI ek rf sm;ü
ar 1 &ufrS 19 &uftxd puf
½kHaygif; 20 wGif tvkyf&Sif t

vkyform;tjiif;yGm; awmif;qdk
rIrsm; jzpfymG ;cJNh y;D tcsKUd puf½rHk sm;
wGif n§dEIdif;ajz&Sif;aqmif&Guf
ay;Ekid cf aJh omfvnf; puf½aHk v;½kH
wGif EkdifiHa&;ygwDtzJGUtcsKdUrS
qE´jyrIjzpfyGm;atmif vIHYaqmf
jcif;? 0kid ;f &Hatmf[pftm;ay;jcif;
ponf tajctaersm;aMumifh
n§ d E I d i f ; ajz&S i f ; &ef cuf c J a e
aMumif ; tvk y f o rm;0ef B uD ;
Xmeu ar 21 &ufpJGyg pmt
rSwf 1? tv^cJ(G 2)2012(2825)
pmaMumif h ac:,l u m jynf
axmifpkaumfr&Sifu n§dEIdif;cJh
jcif;jzpfonf/

5

Home

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012
EkdifiHa&; OD;wnfcsuf(4)&yf
- EkdifiHawmf wnfNidrfat;csrf;a&;?
&yf&Gmat;csrf;om,ma&;ESihf
w&m;Oya'pkd;rkd;a&;?
- trsKd;om;pnf;vHk;nDñGwfrIckdifrma&;?
- pnf;urf;jynf0h aom 'Dru
dk a&pDpepf
&Sio
f efcidk rf matmifwnfaqmufa&;?
- zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'ESihftnD
acwfrDzGHUNzdK;wkd;wufaom
EkdifiHawmfopfwnfaqmufa&;?
pD;yGm;a&; OD;wnfcsuf(4)&yf
- pkdufysKd;a&;udk ydkrdkzGHUNzdK;wkd;wufatmif
aqmif&GufNyD; acwfrDpufrIEkdifiH
xlaxmifa&;ESihf tjcm;pD;yGm;
a&;u@rsm;udkvnf; bufpHkzGHUNzdK;
wkd;wufatmif wnfaqmufa&;?
- aps;uGufpD;yGm;a&;pepf
yDjyifpGmjzpfay:vma&;?
- jynfwGif; jynfyrS twwfynmESihf
t&if;tESD;rsm; zdwfac:í zGHUNzdK;
wkd;wufatmif wnfaqmufa&;?
- EkdifiHawmf\ pD;yGm;a&;wpf&yfvHk;udk
zefwD;EkdifrIpGrf;tm;onf EkdifiHawmf
ESihf wkdif;&if;om;jynfolwdkY\
vuf0,fwGif&Sda&;?
vlrIa&; OD;wnfcsuf(4)&yf
- wpfrsKd;om;vHk;\ pdwf"mwfESihf
tusihfpm&dwåjrihfrm;a&;?
- trsKd;*kPf Zmwd*kPfjrihfrm;a&;ESihf
,Ofaus;rItarGtESpfrsm;? trsKd;
om;a&;vu©Pmrsm; raysmuf
ysufatmifxdef;odrf;apmifha&Smufa&;?
- ppfrSefaom rsKd;cspfpdwf"mwfjzpfonfh
jynfaxmifpkpdwf"mwf
&Sifoefxufjrufa&;?
- wpfrsKd;om;vHk; usef;rmBuHhckdifa&;ESihf
ynm&nfjrihfrm;a&;

vmrnfh a&G;aumufyJGrsm;wGif
tqifhjrifhpma&;ud&d,mrsm; okH;pJGoGm;rnf[kqdk

a&TeHYomaus;&GmrS v,form;rsm;

"mwfykH-tdjzLrGef

a&TeHYomv,form;rsm; aZurÇmukrÜPDudk ajr,mrIESpfrIjzifh trIzGifh
tdjzLrGef? at;jrwfol

&efukef? ar-30
r*Fvm'HkNrdKUe,f? a&TeHYomaus;&GmrS v,form;80 0ef;usifu aZurÇmukrÜPDtm; v,f,majrvkyf
ydik cf iG &hf ,l&mwGif Ekid if aH wmfro
S rd ;f qnf;onf[k ,kMH unfjcif;cH&atmif vdrv
f nfrEI iS hf v,f,majrvkyf
ydik cf iG hf tjiif;yGm;rIukd ajz&Si;f &ef trIEpS cf Ek pS cf zk iG x
hf m;aMumif; a&Teo
YH maus;&Gm a'ocHrsm;uajymonf/
Ekid if aH wmfrS odr;f qnf;onf[k ,kMH unfatmif vkyyf ikd cf iG hf tvJo
G ;Hk pm;vdrv
f nfru
I kd w&m;½k;H wGif
w&m;pGq
J t
kd rIziG x
hf m;Ny;D v,f,majrvkyu
f ikd cf iG t
hf jiif;yGm;rIuakd jz&Si;f &ef ajr,mrIcif;tjzpf &efuek f
NrKd Uawmf ajrmufyikd ;f c½dik af jrpm&if;OD;pD;XmewGif trIziG x
hf m;aMumif; ,if;udprö sm;udk aqmif&u
G af y;ae
ol OD;aersKd;a0uajymonf/
]]v,form; ta,muf 40 avmufukd aZurÇm½k;H csKyu
f kd {NyD 2010 u ac:w,f/ 'DajrawGukd Ekid if H
awmfu odr;f vku
d Nf y?D olwv
Ydk yk yf ikd cf iG hf vJaT jymif;,lvu
dk Nf y/D tckawmh rvkyaf o;bl;/ pyg;pdu
k Mf uOD;vdYk ajym
NyD; v,fwpfuGufudk okH;odef;ay;w,f}} [k a&TeHYomaus;&GmrS v,form;OD;atmifcspfuajymonf/
pufrZI ek jf yKvyk &f ef Ekid if aH wmfrS vkyyf ikd cf iG ahf y;onf[
h ak jymum v,form;rsm;udk 2010 jynhEf pS w
f iG f
wpfuGufvQif avsmfaMu;aiGusyfokH;odef;ay;cJhaMumif;? &dwfodrf;cgeD;wGif oD;ESHavsmfaMu;aiGusyf
okH;odef;xyfrHay;cJhaMumif; od&onf/
pm(12)okdY

jrwfpkrGef
&efukef? ZGef-2
vmrnfh a&G;aumufyJGrsm;wGif
tqifhjrifhpma&;ud&d,mrsm;
okH;pJGoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; jynf
axmifpak &G;aumufyaGJ umfr&Sif
u EkdifiHa&;ygwDrsm;tm; awGU
qkaH jymMum;cJah Mumif; 'Dru
kd &uf
wpfygwD ud,
k pf m;jyKwufa&muf
cJhonfh A[dktvkyftrIaqmif
OD;tkef;BudKifu ajymMum;onf/
arv wwd,ywftwGif;
u jynfaxmifpka&G;aumufyJG
aumfr&SifESifh EkdifiHa&;ygwDrsm;
awGUqkcH &hJ m Mum;jzwfa&G;aumuf
yJGwGif BuHKawGUcJh&onfh tm;om
csuf? tm;enf;csufrsm;udk jyef
vnfokH;oyfcJhNyD; ygwDrsm;\
tjrifrsm;udk ar;jref;cJhaMumif;
txufygyk*¾dKvfuajymonf/
]]ygwDawG&JU toHudkjyef
em;axmifwJh oabmyg/ yxr
tqifw
h ek ;f u a&G;aumufyw
GJ ek ;f
u BuHKc&hJ wmawGukd pmeJY a&;NyD;
wifjycJhwkef;u olwdkY bufu
vufccH w
hJ ,f/ tck vlu,
kd w
f idk f
ac:awGUNy;D olwb
Ykd ufu tcuf

tcJawGvnf; ajymw,f/ ygwD
awGbufuvnf; rJpm&if;xkwf
ay;wm aemufuswJh taMumif;
awGajymw,f}} [k OD;tkef;BudKif
u ajymonf/
,if ; awG U qk H y J G w G i f a&G ;
aumufyJGaumfr&Sifu EkdifiHa&;
ygwDrsm;tm; qE´jyrIrsm;wGif
ryg0if&efEiS hf pnf;½k;H a&;qif;pOf
pnf;urf;ysufcJhaom ygwDrsm;
taMumif;? tokH;jyKcJhaom pm
a&;ud&,
d mrsm; nhzH si;f rIaMumifh
rJay;&mwGif za,mif;jcpfonf
[laom jyóemrsm;jzpfay:cJh
aMumif;wdkYudk ajymMum;cJhonf
[k od&onf/
]]tcuftcJawGudk yGifhyGifh
vif;vif;ajymvdkY&w,f/ 2010
wkef;u 'DvdkygwDawGtoH jyef
em;axmifwm rvkyfcJhbl;/ 'D
Ouú| vufxufrSmrS vkyfwm}}
[k OD;tkef;BudKifu qufvuf
ajymonf/

,if;awGUqkHyJGodkY wuf
a&muf&ef ygwD 17 ckudk zdwMf um;
cJhNyD; ygwD 14 ckwufa&mufcJh
aMumif; od&onf/

6

Home

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

aeudk aomMumN*dK[fjzwfoef;rIaMumifh ivsifvIyfcwfEkdif[kqdk
tdjzLrGef
&efukef? ZGef-1
aeudk aomMumN*dK[fjzwfoef;
rIaMumifh aemufqufwGJqkd;usKd;
t& ivsifvIyfcwfrI jzpfEkdifNyD;
ta&SUawmiftm&SwiG f vIycf wf
ygu jrefrmEkdifiHtaejzifh owd
xm;&rnfjzpfaMumif; rdk;av0
oESifh ZvaA'ynm&Sif a'guf
wmxGef;vGifu ajymonf/
aeudk aomMumN*dK[fjzwf
oef;rI jzpfpOftm; ZGef 6 &uf
eHeufyikd ;f wGif jrefrmEkid if rH S awGU
jrif&rnfjzpfonf/

,if ; jzpf p Of o nf 2004
wGif wpfBudrf jzpfay:cJhNyD; EkdifiH
wum ivsifynm&Sirf sm;uqJG
iiftm;aMumifh ivsifv I y f E k d i f
onfh cefYrSef;ae&mrsm;udk xkwf
jyefcJh&m ,if;ESpfu ruúqDudk
EkdifiHESifh qlrMwm;uRef;wGif vIyf
cwfcJhaMumif;? qlrMwm;uRef;
wGifvIycf wfcahJ omivsiaf Mumifh
qlemrDa&vIdif;rsm; jzpfay:cJh
aMumif;? xdkaMumifh owdxm;&
rnfjzpfaMumif; a'gufwmxGef;
vGifuajymonf/
Ekid if w
H um ivsiyf nm&Sif

rsm;\ xkwfjyefcsufwGif ,ck
jzpfpOfaMumifh ivsifvIyfcwfrI
jzpfay:EkdifaMumif;? vIyfcwfEkdif
onfh ae&mrsm;udk cefYrSef;&m
ta&SUawmiftm&Svnf; yg0if
aMumif;? ta&SUawmiftm&SwiG f
qlrMwm;uRef;? uyÜvDuRef;ESifh
ppfawGNrKd Uwdo
Yk nf tem*wfwiG f
ivsifvIyfcwfEkdifaom ae&m
rsm;tjzpf *syefynm&Sifrpöwm
td&k mu cefrY eS ;f cJah Mumif; a'guf
wmxGef;vGifu ajymonf/
ppfawGNrdKUudk A[dkjyKvIyf
cwfcJhygu qlemrDa&vIdif;jzpf

ay:Ekid Nf y;D ppfawG? oHw?GJ ausmuf
jzLESifh iyvDwdkYwGif a&vIdif;rsm;
jzpfay:EkdifaMumif;? ppfawGNrdKU
wGif a&vIdif;tjrifhrSm ay 20 t
xda&mufEdkifaMumif; cefYrSef;
ajymMum;onf/
&ckid u
f rf;½d;k wef;rS ajrom;
udk *syefEkdifiHwGif prf;oyf&m
vGefcJhaomESpfaygif; 3000 cefY
u a&vTrf;rdk;rI okH;Budrfjzpfay:
cJNh y;D ae&ma'otcsKUd a&atmuf
a&mufcahJ Mumif; txufygyk*Kd¾ vf
uajymonf/

rav;&Sm;odkY oGm;a&muftvkyfvkyfol avsmhus
at;jrwfol
&efukef?
ZGef-2
jrefrmtvkyform;rsm; ,ckESpf
wG i f rav;&S m ;Ek d i f i H o d k Y oG m ;
a&mufvkyfudkifrI ,cifuxuf
od o d o mom avsmh u soG m ;
aMumif; jynfytvkyftukdif &Sm
azGa&;at*sifpDrsm;rS owif;
&&Sdonf/
,cktcg rav;&Sm;EkdifiH
jcm;a&;0efBuD;½kH;bufrS vlac:
cGifhygrpfrsm;tm; ,cifuxuf
ppfaq;aom tcsdefumvMum
jrifhaomaMumifh rav;&Sm;EkdifiH
xuf xdkif;EdkifiHodkY oGm;a&muf
rIydkrsm;aeaMumif; owif;&&Sd
onf/
]][d k b uf u ae Calling
uszu
Ykd wpfvavmufMumw,f/
t&ifvdk wpf&ufavmufeJYrNyD;
awmh tvkyform;awGuvnf;
rapmifhEkdifbl;/ wcsKdUu pD;yGm;
a&;aMumifh tvkyjf yefroGm;ckid ;f
wmaMumifh t&ifuxufpm&if
rav;bufrSm vltoGm;enf;
oGm;w,f/ &mcdik Ef eI ;f tm;jzifh 60
ausmfavmufusoGm;w,f/ t
ckxdkif;EdkifiHe,fpyfuae w&m;
0ifoGm;vkdY&awmhxdkif;udk ydkoGm;
Muw,f}} [k rdk;,Hjynfytvkyf
tukdif&SmazGa&; at*sifpDrS OD;
ausmfxifausmfu ajymonf/
tjcm; jynf y tvk y f t
udkif at*sifpDwpfckrS wm0ef&Sd
olwpfO;D uvnf; ]]t&ifuwpf
vudk vl 100 ausmf? tckqkdwpf
vvkH;aerS 10a,mufavmuf
yJ &S d w ,f / rav;&S m ;buf u
awmh tvkyfykHrSefac:ygw,f/
t&ifwkef;uwnf;u rav;rSm
7ESpf? 8ESpfavmuf vkyfaewJh
Oversea orm;awG u d k tck
w&m;0ifygrpfxkwfay;vk d u f
awmh olwdkYu odyfrjyefMuvdkY

&Spfvrf;oGm; um;vrf;aMumifh
ajymif;a&TU&rnfh ajr,maqG;aEG;yJGokdY
autifef,ltzJGU0ifrsm; wufa&muf
tdjzLrGef

&efukef? ZGef-1
xm;0,fa&eufqdyfurf;rS uefcsmeyl&Dtxd azmufvkyfrnfh
&Spfvrf;oGm; um;vrf;pDrHudef;aMumifh ajymif;a&TU&rnfh u&if
&Gmrsm;\ ajr,mrsm;ESihf ywfoufNy;D n§Ed idI ;f aqG;aEG;yJo
G Ykd u&if
trsKd;om;vGwfajrmufa&;tzJGU n§dEIdif;a&;rSL;rsm; yxrqkH;
wufa&mufcJhaMumif; arwåmNrdKUe,fcJGrS a'ocHu&ifrsm;u
ajym onf/
u&iftrsKd;om; vGwfajrmufa&;tzJGUrS n§dEIdif;a&;rSL;
z'dkol&JESifh z'dkat;at;wdkY wufa&mufcJhNyD; u&if&Gm 12 &Gm
udk,fpm;jyK udk,fpm;vS,frsm;u awmif;qkdaomtcsufrsm;
udk tDwmvsHxdkif;ukrÜPDodkY wifjycJhaMumif; ,if;yJGodkY wuf
a&mufcJhol vlxktajcjyKa&&SnfwnfwhHckdifNrJa&;ESifh aus;&Gm
zHGUNzdK;a&;aumfrwD rSwfwrf;a&;rSL;OD;apmuJ'dk;u ajymonf/
]]autife,
f u
l wyfzUGJ awG vmn§Ed idI ;f ay;wm yxrqk;H yJ/
ukrÜPDuawmh uRefawmfwdkY awmif;qkdwmudk ay;r,fvdkY
awmhajymw,f/ tckxdawmh r&ao;bl;/ ajr,meJY oD;ESH
avsmfaMu;udpöudkyJ aqG;aEG;Muw,f}} [k txufygyk*¾dKvfu
ajymonf/
,if;aqG;aEG;yJGodkY tDwmvsHxkdif;ukrÜPD? rufpfjrefrm
ukrÜPDESifh u&ifaus; &Gm 12&GmrS aus;&Gmom;rsm; tygt0if
pkpak ygif; 70 ausmw
f ufa&mufNy;D aqG;aEG;rIrmS 10 em&DcaGJ usmf
MumjrifhcJhonf/ av;vrf;oGm;um;vrf;ydkif;twGuf yxrqkH;
tBurd af wGUqkpH Ofu ajr,mESihf oD;ESaH vsmaf Mu;EIe;f xm;rsm;udk
aus;&Gma'ocHrsm; rauseyfcJhMuaMumif;? ,ckwpfBudrf wdk;csJU
azmufvyk rf nfh &Spf vrf;oGm; um;vrf;azmufvyk rf w
I iG f ,if;odYk
rjzpfap&ef *½kpu
kd &f rnfjzpfaMumif; OD;apmuJ';kd u ajymonf/
ok;H yGiq
hf ikd f awGUqkaH qG;aEG;rIwiG f tDwmvsw
H idk ;f ukrP
Ü rD S
pdkufysKd;ajr{uESifh pdkufysKd;oD;ESHrsm;udk trsKd;tpm;cJGí avsmf
aMu;ay;rnf[k ajymqdck ahJ Mumif; txufygyk*Kd¾ vu
f ajymMum;
onf/

rav;&Sm;EkdifiHxuf xkdif;EkdifiHokdY tvkyform;rsm; ykdka&G;cs,fvmonf

tvkyfae&m ray:wmvnf; yg
r,f}} [k qkdonf/
]]tck rav;aps;uGufu
t&rf;at;oGm;w,f/ aemuf
NyD; at*sifpDawGuvnf; rsm;
vmw,f/ xdkif;eJY udk&D;,m;udk
tckvlawGu ydkNyD;toGm;rsm;
aew,f/ pifumylusawmh [dk
buf tvkyf&SifawGu tprf;
cefo
Y ;Hk vavmuf cefx
Y m;Ny;D &uf
jynfhawmh taMumif;trsKd;rsKd;jy
NyD; jzKwfw,f/ 'Du oGm;wJhvlu
'k u © & muf N yD ; jyef v mwmrsm;
awmh pifumylbufvnf; odyrf
oGm;Mubl;}} [k Lucky at*sipf D
rS trf'DOD;0if;jrifhuajymonf/
a&To&D cd sr;f om at*sipf rD S
tkyfcsKyfrI'g½dkufwm a':0if;rm
u ]]'D u vl a wG u ta<u;eJ Y
oG m ;csif M uw,f / [d k b uf u
vnf; vufrcH&Jbl;/ oGm;wJhol
awGu e*dkuwnf;u [dkrSm ol
wdkYtquftoG,feJY olwdkY&SdNyD;
om;qk d a wmh av;vavmuf

vkyfNyD;oGm;&if tvkyf&Sifudkt
a<u;rqyfbJ olwkdYtodawGqD
xGufajy;Muawmh tckaemuf
ydkif; [dkbufu ta<u;eJYvmwJh
olqdk vufrcHMuawmhbl;/ tJ
awmhoGm;wJhvluenf;oGm;wm
aygh}} [k qkdonf/

rav;&S m ;Ek d i f i H o d k Y oG m ;
a&mufvkyfudkifolrsm;taejzifh
at*sipf t
D m; 0efaqmifctjzpf
usyfckepfodef;rS udk;odef;cefYxd
ay;&onf/ jrefrmtrsKd;orD;
rsm; taejzifh rav;&Sm;EkdifiHodkY
w&m;0ifvyk u
f ikd cf iG t
hf m; 2011
ck E S p f 'D Z if b m 19 &uf w G i f
cGifhjyKcJhaomfvnf; trsKd;orD;
rsm;taejzifh oGm;&ef tcuft
cJ & S d a eao;aMumif ; jynf y t
vkyftudkif &SmazGa&;at*sifpD
tcsKdUrS od&onf/
]]tpfrwdkYu tpuwnf;
u rd e f ; uav;awG u d k rvT w f
bl;/ a,musfm;av;udkyJ ydkNyD;
vufcHw,f/ rdef;uav;u wm

0efBuD;w,f/ tpdk;&pnf;urf;
rwif ; usyf c if u wnf ; u t
u,fí udk,feJY&if;ESD;NyD;om; [dk
rSmvnf; OD;av;wdkY bmwdkY&Sd&if
awmh tpf r wd k Y u tqif a jy
atmif pDpOfay;vkdufw,f}} [k
a&ToD&dcsrf;omat*sifpDrS a':
0if;rmu ajymonf/

]]tck avmavmq,f
Calling usxm;wJh trsKd;orD;
vkyfom; vl 50? 60 avmuf&Sd
w,f/ 'gayrJh rav;&Sm;olaX;
bufu tvkyfrac:ao;vdkY/
rav;&Sm; olaX;bufuac:zdkY
aocsm&ifawmh tvkyform;
0efBuD;XmeeJY qufoG,fNyD; ydkY
ay;zkdY &Sdw,f}} [k jynfytvkyf
tudkif at*sifpDrS wm0ef&Sdol
wpfOD;u ajymonf/
rav;&Sm;EkdifiHodkY w&m;
0ifoGm;a&mufrnfh trsKd;orD;
rsm;tm; at*sifpDwpfckvQif vl
ig;OD;ESifhtxuf&SdrS apvTwfEkdif
aMumif; od&onf/

AD,uferfukefpnfjyyJG usif;yrnf

odrfhodrfhpdk;

&efukef? ZGef-1
[dck srD if; ukepf nfjyyJG 2012 udk &efuek Nf rKd U wyfrawmfcef;rwGif
4 &ufMum jyKvkyfoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; jynfaxmifpkor®w
jrefrmEkid if aH wmf ukeo
f nfrsm;ESihf pufrv
I ufrv
I yk if ef;&Sirf sm;
toif;csKyfrS owif;&&Sdonf/
jyyJGusif;y&jcif;rSm jrefrmEkdifiHESifh AD,uferfEkdifiHwdkY
tMum; tjyeftvSef ukeo
f ,
G rf I jri§ w
hf ifEidk af &;&ef &nf&,
G Nf y;D
ZGef 15 &ufrS 19 &uftxd 4&ufMum usif;yoGm;rnf jzpf
onf/
tqkdyg jyyJGwGif AD,uferfbufrS ukrÜPDaygif; 100 cefY
vma&mufjyornfjzpfNyD; t0wftxnfrsm;? zdeyfrsm;? tvS
ukefypönf;rsm;? aq;ESifhaq;ud&d,mrsm;? vQyfppfESifh vQyfppf
ypönf;rsm;? "mwkypönf;rsm;? pm;aomufukefypönf; ponfh
ypönf;rsm;udk jyoa&mif;csoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; od&onf/
Ny;D cJo
h nfh rwfv15 &ufrS 18 &ufuvnf; [dck srD if;NrKd UESihf
&efuek Nf rKd Uwdt
Yk Mum; yl;aygif;aqmif&u
G rf EI iS hf cspMf unf&if;ES;D rI
ydkrdkckdifrmapa&;twGuf [dkcsDrif;ukefpnfjyyGJ 2012udk jrefrm
uGefAif;&Sif;pifwmwGif 3 &ufMum usif;yrIjyKvkyfcJhonf/

7

Home

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

Nidrf;csrf;a&;azmfaqmifa&;tzJGYESifh
autkdiftdkwkdY
ESpfzufwyfrsm;ae&mcsa&;aqG;aEG;
atmifol&

ql;avapwDywf0ef;usifukd a0[ifjrifuGif;rS awGU&pOf

"mwfykH-a*sarmifarmif(tr&yl&)

yk*Hudk &efukefuJhokdY NrdKUjytarGtESpf ysufpD;rIrsKd;rjzpfap&ef ynm&Sifrsm;axmufjy
atmifol&
&efukef?
ZGef - 1
,Ofaus;rItarGtESpfrsm;wnf
&Sd&m yk*Ha'otm; &efukefNrdKU
uJhodkY NrdKUjy,Ofaus;rIqkdif&m
trSm;rsK;d xyfrjzpfa&; owdjyKzYdk
vdktyfaMumif; 21&mpk &efukef
NrdKU xdef;odrf;apmifha&SmufrIqkdif
&m tvky½f akH qG;aEG;yGw
J iG f ynm

&SiftcsKdUu oHk;oyfajymMum;
onf/
]]tck [k d w ,f Z k e f t opf
vkyfzdkY avQmufxm;wJh wl&Gif;
awmifae&mu yk*t
H vSuu
kd ,
G f
oGm;Ekdifw,f}}[k NrdKUjytif*sifeD
,ma'gufwmausmv
f wfuajym
onf/
tqdyk g tvky½f akH qG;aEG;yGJ
wGif a'gufwmausmfvwfzwf

Mum;aompmwrf;ü ]]ESpfaygif;
20 twGif; a&Twd*HkapwDawmf
udkvnf; txyfjrifhtaqmuf
tODawGeJY 0ef;&Hxm;aeNyD}} [k
xnfhoGif;zwfMum;oGm;cJhonf/
tqkdyg wl&Gif;awmifajc
wGif [dw
k ,fZek jf yKvyk &f ef jrefrm
EkdifiH c&D;oGm;vkyfief;bkwftzGJU
u oufqkdif&modkY wifjyxm;
NyD; [dkw,frsm;tjyif ausmif;

rsm;? aq;½H k r sm;vnf ; yg0if
onf[kowif;&&Sdonf/
xdkYtjyif vuf&SdjrefrmEkdif
iHwGif uRrf;usifaom NrdKUjytif
*sifeD,mrSm toufBuD;olrsm;
tygt0if 15OD;cefYom&Sdojzihf
vlxyfrHtm;jznfh&efvdktyfNyD;
tenf;qHk; vl400 cefYvdktyf
aMumif;ynm&Sifrsm;u tBuHjyK
ajymqkdonf/

&efukef? ZGef-3
wpfESpfeD;yg;Mum wkdufyJGrsm; jzpfyGm;aeaom autkdiftkdESifh
jrefrmtpdk;&Nidrf;csrf;a&; azmfaqmifa&;aumfrwD'kOuú|
wdo
Yk nf ESpzf ufwyfrsm; ae&mcsxm;a&; aqG;aEG;cJah Mumif;
jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;OD;atmifrif;u ajymonf/
]]Ekid if aH &;udpö bmrSrvkyb
f ;l / wyfae&mcsxm;a&; aqG;
aEG;cJjh cif;omjzpfw,f/ rjywfao;bl;/ xyfNyD;aqG;aEG;r,f
qdkuwnf;u tajctaeaumif;w,fwJh}} [k OD;atmif
rif;uqkdonf/
OD;atmifrif;acgif;aqmifaom Nidrf;csrf;a&;azmf
aqmifa&;tzJUG ESihf autkid t
f rdk S 'kw,
d ppfO;D pD;csKyf Akv
d cf sKyf
*Graf rmftygt0if A[dak umfrwD0ifig;OD;wko
Yd nf ZGef1 &ufu
autkdiftkd wyfr[m 3 e,fajrtwGif;&Sd aus;&Gmwpf&Gm
wGif 'kwd,tBudrfawGUqkHcJhMuonf/
xdu
k o
hJ Ykd 'kw,
d tBudraf wGUqkcH ahJ omfvnf; ucsijf ynf
e,ftESHYwGif aeYwkdif;eD;yg; wkdufyJGi,frsm;jzpfyGm;vsuf&Sd
aMumif; a'ocHrsm;uajymonf/
jrefrmtpdk;&wyfrawmfESifh ucsifvGwfajrmufa&;
Yd nf 2011 ck ESpf ZGef 9 &ufrS pwifwu
dk f
wyfrawmf(KIA)wko
yJG jzpfymG ;cJNh y;D wku
d yf aGJ ygif; 1400 ausmjf zpfymG ;cJNh yD jzpfonf/
autkid t
f Edk iS hf jrefrmtpd;k & Nird ;f csr;f a&;azmfaqmifa&;
tzJGUwdkYonf ZGefvtwGif; xyfrHawGUqkH&ef tpDtpOf&Sd
aMumif;vnf; owif;&&Sdonf/

8

Home
2012 ZGef6rS 12&ufxd
rdk;av0oESifhZvaA'cefYrSef;csuf
b*Fvm;yifv,fatmfrkefwdkif;tajctae
,ck&ufowåywftwGi;f b*Fvm;yifv,fatmfrmS rkew
f ikd ;f
i,fwpfcjk zpfvm&ef tajctae qufvufavsmeh nf;aeEkid f
ygw,f / taemuf a wmif r k w f o H k a v[m jref r mEd k i f i H
wpfEdkifiHvHk;twGif; vHk;00ifa&mufEdkifcJhNyDjzpfygw,f/
jrefrmhyifv,fjyiftajctae
&cdik u
f rf;½d;k wef;wpfavQmufeUJ urf;vGeyf ifv,fjyifawGrmS
vdiI ;f tenf;i,f(4 aycef)Y &SEd idk Nf y;D ? usejf refrmhyifv,fjyifrmS
vdIif; toifhtwifh( 5 ay cefY) &SdEdkifygw,f/ rGef-weoFm&D
urf;vGeyf if v,fjyifrmS vdiI ;f tjrifh (6 ay) cef&Y EdS ikd yf gw,f/
rdk;&GmoGef;EdkifrItajctae
rdk;av0oN*dK[fwkrS wkdif;wmcsuft& NyD;cJhwJh arv(24)
&ufrS arv (30)&ufaeUtxd &ufowåwpfywftwGif;rSm
weoFm&Dwikd ;f rSm rd;k a&csed f trsm;qH;k &&Scd NhJ y;D (4)vufrrS (8)
vufrcef?Y jrefrmEdik if H ajrmufyikd ;f eJY ajrvwfyikd ;f a'orsm;rSm
rd;k a&csed f tenf;qH;k &&Scd NhJ y;D ? (1)vufrrS (2)vufrcefY &&Scd hJ
ygw,f/ useaf 'orsm;rSmawmh rd;k a& csed f 2 vufrrS 4 vufr
txd &&SdcJhygw,f/
rdk;&GmoGef;EdkifrIcefYrSef;csuf
cefYrSef;umvtwGif; weoFm&Dwdkif;? rGefjynfe,f? ppfudkif;
wdkif; atmufydkif;? rEÅav;wdkif;? rauG;wdkif;wdkYrSm &GmoGef;NrJ
atmuf avsmh enf;Edik yf gw,f/ csi;f jynfe,f? ucsijf ynfe,f?
ppfudkif;wdkif;txuf ydkif;? {&m0wDwdkif;? &efukefwdkif;?
&cdkifjynfe,fawGrSm &GmoGef;NrJxuf ydkEdkifygw,f/ csif;jynf
e,feYJppfuidk ;f wdik ;f txufyikd ;f awGrmS (2)&ufcefYae&muGuNf y;D
rd;k BuD;Ekid yf gw,f/ useaf 'oawGrmS awmh &GmoGe;f NrcJ efY &SEd idk f
ygw,f/
rdk;wdrfawmifrsm;jzpfay:EdkifrItajctae
trsm;tm;jzifh wpfjynfv;kH rSm xpfcsKe;f rnfh tajctaersm;
qufvufjzpfxeG ;f aeEdik yf gw,f/ wpfjynfv;kH rSm (4)&ufrS(5)
&ufcefU rGef;vGJnaeydkif; tcsdeftcgrsm;wGif rdk;wdrfawmif
rsm; jzpfay:rIaMumifh xpfcsKef;r,fh tajctaersm;udk jzpf
ay:Edkifygonf/ tqdkygumvrsm;wGif rdk;Ncdrf;jcif;? vQyfpD;
vufjcif; tjyifavjyif;wdu
k cf wfjcif;ESihf rd;k BuKd ;ypfjcif;wdu
Yk kd
txl;*½kpdkuf&ef vdktyfygw,f/
aeUtylcsdefrsm;tajctae
ppfuikd ;f wdik ;f txufyikd ;f ? ucsijf ynfe,f? &Sr;f jynfe,fta&SU
ajrmufydkif;? {&m0wDwdkif;awmifydkif;eJY &efukefwkdif;wdkYrSm
tyl&edS f avsmeh nf;Ekid yf gw,f/ weoFm&Dwikd ;f ? csi;f jynfe,f?
ppfuikd ;f wdik ;f atmufyikd ;f ? rEÅav;wdik ;f ? rauG;wdik ;f ? weoFm&D
wkid ;f wdrYk mS tyl&edS f jrifrh m; Ekid yf gw,f/ useaf 'orsm;rSmawmh
yHkrSeftyl&SdefcefYom &SdEkdifygw,f/
jrpfa&tajctae
jrefrmEdkifiHwpf0ef;&Sd jrpfwdkYwGif vuf&Sd a&trSwfrsm;xuf
a& tenf;i,fydkrdkjrifhwufvmEkdifygw,f/
awmifw½kwfyifv,fjyiftajctae
awmifw½kwyf ifv,fjyifrmS tckvmr,fh &ufowåwpfywf
twGif;rSm rkefwdkif;rsm; qufvufjzpfvmEkdifayr,fh jrefrm
Edik if b
H ufuakd wmh a&muf&v
dS mEdik zf ,
G &f m r&Syd gbl;vdYk cefrY eS ;f
&ygw,f/
ta&;BuD;aomtajctae
vmr,f&h ufowåywftwGi;f rkwo
f akH v0ifa&mufjcif;eJt
Y
wl rdk;wdrfawmifrsm;&JU tEÅ&m,fudk qufvufowdxm;zdkY
vdktyfygw,f/ rGef;vGJnaeydkif; tcsdeftcgrsm;awGrSm rdk;
wdrfawmifrsm;aMumifh rdk;BudK;ypfjcif;? rdk;oufavjyif; wdkuf
cwfjcif; pwmawGukd BuHKawGUEdik Nf y;D ? wpfcgwpf&H avqifEmS
armif;wdkufcwfjcif;? pdkufqif;avjyif; wdkufcwfjcif;? rdk;oD;
a<ujcif; pwmawGuv
kd nf; BuKH awGUEdik yf gw,f/ rkwo
f akH v0if
a&mufNyD; &ufowå wpfywfcefYtMumrSm rdk;xpfcsKef; rIawG
avsmhenf;oGm;ygvdrfhr,f/
a'gufwmxGef;vGif

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

ZGef 1&ufrS pwifum rD;tcsdefjynfh jyefay;ae[kqdk
odrfhodrfhpdk;
&efukef? ZGef-1
azmuf c J G c H & onf h wm0gwk d i f
rsm;udk tjynfht0 jyefvnfjyK
jyifNyD;jzpfí trsm;jynfoludk
ZGev
f 1 &ufrpS um vQypf pfr;D t
csdefjynfh jyefvnfay;aeNyDjzpf
aMumif; &efukefNrdKUawmf vQyf
ppf"mwftm;ay;a&;tzJGUOuú|
OD;atmifckdifu 7Day News odkY
ajymonf/
]]wm0gwkid af wG jyifNy;D oGm;
NyDqdkawmh vQyfppfrD;udk raeYu
pNy;D tcsed jf ynfh jyefay;aew,f/
vdt
k yfcsu&f &dS if aeYcif; bufrmS
yJ rD;jzwfoGm;r,f/ n bufawG
rSm vk;H 0rD;rjzwfbJ &oavmuf
ay;oGm;r,f}} [k txufyg
yk*¾dKvfuajymonf/
,ckZGefv2 &ufESifh 3 &uf
wdkYwGif vQyfppfrD;rsm;udk 24 em
&Dtcsdefjynfh ay;a0aeaMumif;
od&onf/ vkdtyfcsuf&Sdygu
aeYcif;bufrsm;\ tvSnfhjzpf
aom eHeuf 5 em&DrS aeYv,f 11
em&D(odrYk [kw)f aeYv,f11em&DrS
nae 5em&Dpaom tcsed rf sm;t
wGi;f om rD;jzwfomG ;rnf ,if;u
ajymonf/ vdktyfcsufaMumifh
rD;jzwf&yguvnf; tkyfpk 3 pk
pepfjzifh ay;aejcif;jzpfí tkypf k
wpfpkvQif 3 &ufwGif wpf&uf

24 em&D rD;&&Sd rnfjzpfonf/
trsm;jynfou
l kd ,ckuo
hJ Ykd
vQyfppfrD; tcsdefjynfh jyefay;
ouJhodkY pufrIZkefrms;udkvnf;
tkyfpk 2 pkcJGí 5 em&DpD rD;ay;
onfh pepfjzifhjyefvnfay;aeNyD
jzpfonf/ pufrZI ek rf sm;udk eHeuf
6 em&DrSaeYv,f11 em&Dwpftyk f
pkESiaeY
h f v,f11em&Drnae
S
4em&D
wpftyk pf pk epfjzifh ZGev
f 2 &ufrS
pwifí jyefvnfay;aeNyDjzpf
onf/
arv18 &ufESifh 19 &uf

rsm;u azmuf c J G r I r sm;aMumif h
ysuf p D ; oG m ;aom jref r mh v Qyf
ppf"mwftm;vkyif ef;rS a&Tv-D refpH
230 auAGDr[m"mwftm;vkdif;
rS wm0gwkdiftrSwf 73? 206?
207 ESifh 208 wkdYtm; jrefrmh
vQyfppf"mwftm;vkyfief;rS 0ef
xrf;aygif; 116 OD;jzifh arv20
&ufrS pwifjyKjyifcJh&m ,ckZGef
v1 &uf nae 4 em&DwGif vkyf
ief;rsm;tm;vkH; NyD;pD;atmif jyef
vnfjyKjyifNyD;oGm;NyDjzpfaMumif;
trSwf(2) vQyfppfpGrf;tm; 0ef

BuD;XmerS od&onf/
a&TvD"mwftm;ay;puf½kH
rS "mwf t m;ay;puf r sm;tm;
jyefvnfarmif;ESifNyD; ,if;wm
0gwd k i f r sm; ysuf p D ; rI a Mumif h
avsmhenf;oGm;aom "mwftm;
200r*¾g0yftm;ZGev
f 1&ufnae
5 em&D 5 rdepfrSpwif "mwftm;
ydkYvTwfí EkdifiHawmf"mwftm;
pepfjzifh csdwfquf"mwftm;
rsm; jyefvnfjzefYjzL;ay;aeNyD
jzpfaMumif; txufygyk*¾dKvfu
ajymonf/

jrefrm-tdE´d, oabFmvkdif; wpfvkdif; ajy;qJGrnf
jynfodrf;
&efukef? ZGef-2
vlEiS hf ukeyf pön;f rsm; wifaqmif
rnf h ul ; wd k Y o abF m vk d i f ; wpf
vkdif; &efukefrS tdEd´,EkdifiHodkY
ajy;qJ G & ef pD p Of a eaMumif ;
tdE´d,-jrefrmukefonfBuD;rsm;
toif;rS owif;&&Sdonf/
,if;oabFmvkdif;rSm um
vuwåm;? csifEkdif;NrdKUrsm;xd
ajy;qJGrnfjzpfNyD; avaMumif;

p&dwrf wwfEidk o
f nfh tao;pm;
vkyfief;rsm;twGuf ESpfEkdifiH
ydaYk qmifa&;u@ tqifajyap
&ef tdE´d,0efBuD;csKyf refrdk[ef
qif;c&D;pOfwGif oabmwlnDrI
&&SdcJhjcif;jzpfaMumif; od&onf/
]]'D o abF m c&D ; pOf u d k
td Ed´,Ekdif iHu yJ OD ;aqmif NyD ;
vkyzf Ydk &Sw
d ,f}} [k tdE,
´d -jrefrm
ukefonfBuD;rsm;toif; Ouú|
OD;armifa&Tu ajymonf/

xdkYtjyif e,fpyfukefoG,f
a&;wGif ta&;ygonf tdEd´,
EkdifiH tifzmNrdKUrS rEÅav;NrdKU
Mum; bwf p f u m;vk d i f ; ajy;qJ G
&efvnf; pDpOfxm;onf/
tdEd´,EkdifiH rdka&;rS xkdif;
Ekid if rH aJ qmufoYkd qufo,
G rf nfh
ok H ; Ek d i f i H ta0;ajy;vrf ; pD r H
udef;udkvnf; 2016 ckESpf rwkdif
rD pwifEkdifa&;twGuf yl;aygif;
aqmif&Guf&ef &SdaMumif; od&

onf/ tdE´d,EkdifiHrS uav;0,mBu;D vrf;ydik ;f udv
k nf;aumif;
jrefrmEkdifiHrS ,mBuD;? rkH&Gmvrf;
udkvnf;aumif; 2016 ckESpf
rwkdifrD ta0;ajy;vrf;azmuf
vkyf&ef pDpOfxm;onf/ ,if;
aMumifh wrl;? uav;0 vrf;r
ay:&Sd wHwm; 71 pif;udkvnf;
tdEd´,EkdifiH\ tultnDjzifh t
qifhjrifh jyKjyifay;rnf[kvnf;
od&onf/

ausmif;wufcGifh ydwfjcif;cH&aomausmif;om;ESpfOD; jyefwufcGifh&
atmifol&
&efukef?
ZGef - 1
or®wOD;odef;pdef\ vGwfNidrf;
oufomcGifhjzihf rMumao;rDu
vGwfajrmufvmcJhaom udk'D
Nidrf;vif;ESihf ukd&Jjrwf[def;wdkY
ausmif;jyefwufciG &fh &So
d mG ;Ny[
D k
um,uH&SifESpfOD;uajymonf/
]]ausmif;u vlBuD;awGu
uReaf wmfu
h akd r;ygw,f/ jyefajz
rvm;? 'grSr[kwf aemufESpfrSyJ
jyefwufrvm;ar;ygw,f/ uRef

awmfuawmh qyfyvDajzMunfh
r,fvaYkd jymxm;w,f}}[k aemuf
qHk;ESpf blrdaA't"dujzifh &ef
uk e f t aemuf y k d i f ; wuú o d k v f
wGif ausmif;wufcJhol
ukd'DNidrf;vif; uajymonf/
tusOf;axmifrS jyefvGwf
vmNyD;aemuf ausmif;jyefwuf
cG i f h & &ef Ek d i f i H a wmf o r® w xH
pm wifcJh&m or®wu rdbESifh
ausmif;om;tm;ac:,lí 0efcH
uwdjyKckdif;NyD; jyefwufcGifhay;
&ef ñTefMum;cJhjcif;jzpfonf/

ausmif;jyefwufcGihf&&ef
BuKd ;pm;aeolwpfO;D jzpfoludpk nf
olarmifu ]]'Drdkua&pD pepfudk
avQmufwJhtcgrSm t&yfbuf
tzGJUtpnf;awG ckdifckdifrmrm
tm;aumif;vmzkdYvdkw,f/ uRef
awmfwkdYu ausmif;om;awG/
ausmif;om;or*¾zUJG zkYd uReaf wmf
wkdYrSm wm0eftjynfh &Sdw,f}}[k
ausmif;jyefvnfwufcsif&jcif;
taMumif;tm; &Sif;jycJhonf/
udk'DNidrf;vif;ESihf ukd&Jjrwf
[d e f ; wd k Y E S p f O D ; rS m ausmif ; jyef

wufciG &fh aomfvnf; olwt
Ydk zGUJ
wGif ausmif;jyefwufcGihfr&ol
ajcmufOD;&Sdao;aMumif; udk'D
Nidrf;vif;uajymonf/
udk'DNidrf;vif;ESihf ukd&Jjrwf
[def;wdkYrSm 2007 a&T0ga&mif
awmfvSefa&;wGif tzrf;cHcJh&
onf/ axmif'Pf 11 ESpu
f sc&H ef
trdefYcscJhNyD; av;ESpfcGJuscHNyD;
aemuf Zefe0g&Dv 14&ufu
or®wOD;odef;pdef ]vGwfNidrf;
oufomcGifhtrdefYjzihf jyefvGwf
ajrmufvmcJhjcif;jzpfonf/

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

v,form;rsm;b0 tqif
ajywk;d wufa&;? aus;vufa'o
zGHUNzdK;a&;udk 0ifa&mufvkyfukdif
aeonfh txl;jyKukrÜPDrsm;rSm
vnf; vrf;ckvwfwGif &yfwefY
&rnft
h ajctaeESiBfh uHKawGUae
&onf/ v,form;rsm;xHrS acs;
aiGjyefvnfr&&Sdygu tm;wif;

aus;Zl;&Sifrsm; ta<u;ydaejcif;

NyD; a&SUqufvkyfrnfqkdvnf;
vuf&Sdtajctaet& wpfESpf?
ESpfESpfom awmifhcHEdkifrnf[k
uÍöeuRef;om txl;jyKukrÜPD
Ouú|OD;cspfckdifuajymonf/
pm(11)okdY

jynfodrf;

&efukefwkdif;a'oBuD;? wGHaw;NrdKUe,fwGif v,f,mvkyfief;cGif0ifaeMuaom v,form;rsm;

]usOf ; wpf a umif us,f
wpf&SOf;} "EkjzLNrdKUe,f ESJusKd;
aus;&GmrS udk,fpm;vS,f v,f
orm;Bu;D OD;ode;f atmifu v,f
orm;rsm;Mum; a&yef;pm;ae
aomqkd½dk;pum;wpfckudkajym
onf/
v,form;rsm; t½HI;ay:
í ta<u;jyefqyf&aomtcg
v,f{utenf;i,fom&SdvQif
EGm;wpfaumifa&mif;í qyf&
onf/ v,f{ursm;pGm ykdifygu
EGm;ESpaf umif(wpf&OS ;f )a&mif;í
a<u;qyfrS ausaMumif;udk xGif
xm;aomqkd½kd;jzpfonf/
]]'DESpf rkd;pyg;rSm v,fvkyf
zkdY v,form;awGqDrSm EGm;awG
&Sm;vmNyD}}[k OD;odef;atmifu

olaexkdifonfh aus;&Gm0ef;
usifrS v,form;rsm;\tajc
taeudk &Sif;jyonf/
pyg;pdu
k v
f ,form;rsm;rSm
&moDOwkaESmifh,Suf? pyg;aps;
raumif;? yd;k rTm;ESyd pf ufraI Mumifh
awmifolrsm; oHk;oD;quf t½HI;
ay:onf/ qHk;½HI;rIrsm;í aMuG;
qyf&ef ckdif;EGm;rsm;xkwf a&mif;
aeMu&jcif;jzpfonf/ ¤if;
tajctaeukd txl;jyKukrÜPD
rsm;u u,fq,f&efrSmvnf;
rvG,fulonhftajctaewGif
&Sdaeonf/
]]ukrÜPD&JU pkdufysKd;p&dwf
acs;aiGta<u;usef 1 'or 9
bDv,
D (H oef; 1ç900)&Sw
d ,f}}[k
uÍöeuRe;f omukrP
Ü D refae*sm

u awmifolrsm; qHk;½HI;rIrsm;í
ta<u;jyefrqyfEdkifrIudk arv
26 &ufwGif ajymonf/
þuJhodkY ta<u;rsm; jyef
r&jcif;rSm ,ckESpfwGif ukrÜPD
wpfckwnf;r[kwfay/ txl;jyK
ukrP
Ü t
D m;vH;k eD;yg; BuHKawGUae
&jcif;jzpfonf/ qefpyg;t"du
pkdufysKd;onfh a'orsm;wGif
2011 ckESpf rkd;pyg;pdkufcsdefü
v,fajrrsm;pGm a&jrKyfcJhjcif;?
txGufEIef;rsm; avsmhuscJhjcif;?
aps;EIe;f rsm; usqif;jcif;aMumifh
tcuftcJrsm;pGm BuHKawGUcJh&
onf/ xkdYaMumifh v,form;
rsm;onf aqmif;oD;ESHudktm½Hk
xm;í pku
d yf sK;d cJah omfvnf; yd;k rTm;
tEÅ&m,f? a&m*gESdyfpufrIwdkY

"mwfykH-atmifatmif

aMumifh txGufusqif;NyD; aps;
EIef;rSmvnf; ,cifESpfuxuf
xuf0ufaps;om&onf/
aEGpyg;rSmvnf; &moDOwk
tajctae? txG u f E I e f ; rsm;
aumif;aomfvnf; a&mif;cs&m
wGif pdkufysKd;p&dwfom&&Sdonf/
xdkYtjyif v,f,mvkyfief;vkyf
ukdifolrsm;rSm v,f,mpdkufysKd;
a&;bPf? txl;jyKukrÜPDrsm;
omru jyif y uyg aiG a cs;í
vkyfukdifcJhojzihf ta<u;rsm;pGm
0kdif;aeMuonf/
]]v,fudk aygifEHScGihf&NyDvdkY
Mum;w,f/ b,frSm aygifESH&
r,fqw
dk mudo
k cd siaf eMuw,f}}
[k "Ek jzLNrdKUe,f om"kaus;&GmrS
v,form;wpfOD;uqkdonf/

0ufcsOfaygifaMumf
'Dwpfywf0dkufzDu csOfcsOfpyfpyf[if;wpfcGufcsufxm;yg
w,f/ 0ufom;ok;H xyfom;? csOaf ygifeYJ i½kwo
f ;D pdr;f tyG&n
S f
awmifw
h u
Ykd kd aMumfxm;wJch w
H iG ;f &Si;f r,fh csOaf ygifaMumfwpf
rsKd;jzpfygw,f/
0ufom;ok;H xyfom;udk cyfyg;yg;twk;H av;awG vS;D Ny;D
t&ome,f? ig;rdepfavmuf rD;tm;aumif;aumif;eJY jyKwf
yg/
yxrqkH;MuufoGefjzLeDaxmif;udk i½kwfoD;cJGMurf;eJY
qDowf? ig;ydenf;enf;cyfyspfyspfa&azsmfNyD; xnhfowf&yg
r,f/ cke0ufom;av;awGtJ'DqDowfwJhtxJudk xnhf? qD
xGufNyD; usKHUoGm;atmif arTNyD;rS csOfaygif&GufawGxnhfyg/
csOaf ygifuckd gwkid ;f aMumfovkd aMumfNy;D i½kwo
f ;D awmif&h n
S f
awGudk xnhftkyf? cPESyfNyD;&if csvdkY&ygNyD/

ausmydk;tdwf
vSvSav;awGeJY
pwdkifxkwfEdkifzdkY
ary,fvf
ausmif;zGifhcgptcsdefav;jzpf
wmaMumifhausmif;oGm;zdt
Yk wGuf
0,fjcrf;&wmawGxu
J wpfct
k
ygt0ifjzpfwhJ tdwaf v;awG0,f
zdv
Yk t
kd yfoal wGtwGuf aps;0,f
xGufEdkifatmifpOf;pm;xm;wm
&Sdygw,f/
ausmif;aet&G,rf def;uav;
i,fawGtjyif q,fausmfouf
rde;f uav;awGtBudKuaf wGUEdik f
r,fah usmyd;k tdwv
f v
S aS v;awG
&SdwJhqdkifwpfqkdifudkvrf;ñTef

ay;csiyf gw,f/t&G,t
f pm;Bu;D
wJh ausmyd;k tdwaf wGtjyif 0uf0H
½kyf? aMumif½kyf? bdkr½kyfpwJhum
wGe;f ½kypf t
kH qifav;awGeUJ ao;
ao;uspu
f spfausmyd;k tdwv
f v
S S
av;awGtjyif cspfp&maumif;
wJah b;vG,t
f w
d af v;awGvnf;

&Sdygao;w,f/
td w f a wG u rd k ; umom;?
csnfom;pojzifh&SdNyD; xdkif;EdkifiH
uwifoiG ;f wmvdq
Yk ykd gw,f/ vl
odrsm;wJt
h rSww
f q
H yd w
f pfcjk zpf
wJh Body Glove wHqdyfausm
yd;k tdwaf wG? ab;vG,t
f w
d af wG

vnf;&Sdygao;w,f/
aps;EIe;f awGu t½kypf akH usm
ydk;tdwfav;awGqdk&if 12ç500
usyfuae 15ç500 usyf? ab;
vG,ftdwfawGuqdkufao; qdk
&if 12ç000usyfuae 13ç500
usyf aps;&Sdygw,f/ teD? tjym?

"mwfykH-a*sarmifarmif(tr&yl&)

teuf? tpdrf;ajymifta&mifeJU
ausmyd;k tdwaf wGuawmh16ç500

usyf&SdNyD;? csnfom;ab;vG,f
td w f a v;awG u 8500 usyf
owfrw
S x
f m;w,fvq
Ykd ykd gw,f/
Body Glove wHqyd af usm
yd;k tdwef UJ ab;vG,t
f w
d af wGu
awmh 27ç500 usy&f w
dS ,fvYkdod&
ygw,f/
ausmif;wufcsdeftwGuf
vnf;tqifajy? tjyifoGm;wJh
tcgrSmvnf; toH;k 0ifwhJ ausm
yd;k tdwv
f v
S aS v;awG&w
dS hJ ae&m
uawmhurÇmat;*rke;f yGi?hf 'w
k ,
d
xyfrSm&SdwJh Bambini Gallery
yJjzpfygw,f/

10

Life

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

[kwfygw,f? pdwf"mwfusaeygw,f
ar 13 &ufu ]]Ekid if aH wmf or®w
½kH;rSm 0efBuD;Xmersm;wGif Mum;
jzwf0ifa&mufvmaom yk*¾dKvf
rsm;&Sdvmygu rlv0efxrf;rsm;
pdw"f mwfusqif;Ekid af Mumif;ESihf
vkyfief;ydkif;wGifvnf; txkduf

tavsmuf usqif ; oG m ;Ek d i f
aMumif;}} EkdifiHawmf'kwd,or®
wa'gufwmpdik ;f armufcrf; ajym
Mum;cJhwJh pum;av;[m tvGef
rSefuefaewJhtwGuf axmufcH
twnf j yKygw,f / owif ;

aqmif;yg;taeeJY azmfjyay;wJh
7Day News *sme,fudkvnf;
aus;Zl;wifygw,f/
0efxrf;b0&JU arQmv
f ifch suf
u vkyfouftavsmufcHpm;&
r,f h &mxl ; ygyJ / ud k , f w wf

uRr;f xm;wJh todynm? twwf
ynmav;awGeYJ ud,
k &hf UJ v
k yk if ef;
cGifrSm aysmf&TifpGmyJ tvkyfvkyf
csiMf uygw,f/ ynm&yfwpfcu
k kd
wwfou
d Rr;f usio
f l tcsi;f csi;f
wkdifyifaqG;aEG;NyD; vkyfaqmif
oGm;wm[mvnf; vkyfief;udk ydk
rdkwdk;wufapygw,f/ 'Dtcsdef
rSm rdk;usa&Tudk,fawGu udk,fh
&JU txufrSm a&mufvmr,f/
bmrS rodem;rvnfbJ yg0gawG?

tmPmawG vmjyaeMuawmh
tvkyfvkyf&wm tqifrajyyg
bl;/ pma&;ol&JU nDreJY armif
awG[m aq;0g;puf½kHwpfcku
0efxrf;awGyg/ puf½kHrSm Mum;
jzwf0ifa&mufvmwJhvlawGudk
wpfqifhjrifh &mxl;awG ay;Mu
vdkY awmfawmfrsm;rsm; a&muf
vmcJ h M uwm tck q d k ES p f t
awmfMumygNyD/ puf½kHrSm tqifh
jrif h &mxl ; twG u f ae&mr&S d

Muawmhygbl;/ wwfoed m;vnf
wJhvlawGu ukd,fh&JUtxufrSm
vmtkyfcsKyfw,fqkdwm cHom
ayr,hf bmrSem;rvnfbJ wwf
a,mif u m;eJ Y yg0g? tmPm
awGjyNyD; tkyfcsKyfwmawmh cH&
awmfawmfcufygw,f/ aq;0g;
puf½q
Hk w
k d mEkid if w
H umrSmwu,fh
uRr;f usiyf nm&Siaf wGeYJ pkaygif;
NyD;wnfaxmifxm;&r,fh puf½kH
yg/
wpfzufokdY

11

Life

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

wpfzufrt
S quf
vlt
Y ouftEÅ&m,feYtvG
J efeD;pyfwhJxkwv
f yk rf pI uf½rHk sK;d yg/ 'Dvkdpuf½rHk sK;d
rSm txufu azmfjyxm;wJh rdk;usa&Tudk,fawmfawGu txufu
ae&m,lNy;D tkycf sKyyf g0gjyaeMuawmh Ekid if aH wmf 'kw,
d or®wBu;D ajym
ovdk 0efBu;D Xme&JU vkyif ef;aqmifwmawG[m [d;k t&ifueJMY unfh &if
wu,fyJ qkwf,kwfusqif;aeygw,f/ 'gaMumifh tckvdk ajymif;vJ
jyKjyifa&;vkyaf ewJh acwfBu;D rSm vlreS ?f ae&mrSeef YJ jyefvnfppd pfrS acwf
rDzUGH NzKd ;wk;d wufwhJ pufrEI idk if aH wmfBuD;udk trSew
f u,fwnfaqmuf
EkdifrSmjzpfw,fqdkwJhtaMumif; ajymMum;&if; EkdifiHawmf 'kwd,
or®wBuD;&JU pum;udt
k wnfjyKBudKqydk gaMumif; &ifziG v
hf u
kd yf gw,f/
a':,Of,OfEG,f

tpGJBuD;&if oHo&m&Snfw,f

"r®

pm-9? aus;Zl;&Sifrsm; ta<u;ydaejcif; rS
txl ; jyKuk r Ü P D t rsm;pk
onf v,form;rsm;xHrS acs;
aiGukd 50 &mckid Ef eI ;f 0ef;usio
f m
jyefvnf&&Sdao;onf/ or0g
,rvkyif ef;rSmvnf; ¤if;wdaYk cs;
aiGudk twdk;omay;apNyD; rkd;
pyg;ay:csdefxd qkdif;iHhrIrsm;&Sd
onf/ txl;jyKukrÜPDrsm;rSm
vnf; ta<u;qkdif;iHhay;rIrsm;
&Sdonf/
]]'DESpf rdk;pyg;acs;aiGa&m
usefwJh ta<u;awGudka&m rkd;
pyg;ay:rS qyfzYdk qdik ;f iHah y;vdu
k f
w,f/ twkd;udkvnf; 'DESpf rdk;
pyg;axmufyaHh y;csed u
f pNy;D r,l
awmhb;l }}[kO;D cspcf idk u
f qko
d nf/
vuf&dS v,form;rsm; BuHK
awG U ae&onf h t cuf t cJ r S m
xG u f & S d v monf h oD ; ES H aps;
aumif;r&jcif;yifjzpfonf/ &m
oDOwk? txGufEIef;raumif;
aomf v nf ; oD ; ES H a ps;aumif ;
&&Sdygu ckomcHom&Sdvmrnf/
jref r mh v ,f , mxG u f u k e f r sm;
jzpf onfh rk;d pyg;? aEGpyg;? aqmif;
yJrsKd;pHkaps;EIef;rSm 2011 rdk;pyg;
ay:csdefrS ,aeYcsdefxd awmuf
avQmufusqif;vmonf/
]]pyg;aps; usqif;aewm u
pk;d &dr&f wJt
h ajctaeudk a&muf
aeNyD/ rl0g'wpfckcsNyD; a&SUquf
oG m ;zd k Y v d k a ew,f } }[k jref r m
EdkifiHqefpyg;vkyfief;toif;rS
taxGaxGtwGif;a&;rSL; OD;&J
rif;atmifuqkdonf/
rl 0 g'ES i h f y wf o uf v Qif
txGufwdk;zGHUNzdK;a&;tpDtpOf
rsm;xuf BuH K awG U ae&onf h
tajctaeay:wGif taumif;
qHk;&yfwnfEkdifrIudk a&G;cs,f&ef
vdktyfonf/ jrefrmEdkifiHwGif rkd;
pyg;pdkuf{u 17oef;ausmf aEG
pyg; pkduf{u oHk;oef;ausmf&Sd
onf/ ¤if;tajctaewGif wpf
{u wif;wpf&mausmfxGu&f adS &;
xufxGuf&Sdvmonfh pyg;v,f
orm;rsm; wGufajcudkufonfh
aps;EIef;&&ef ta&;BuD;onf/
jrefrmhv,f,mu@wGif
EkdifiHawmfu usihfokH;chJonhf rl
0g'onf jynfwGif;pm;&du©m zl
vkHNyD;rS ykdvmonfukd jynfyokdY
wifykdYrIomjzpfonf/ jynfwGif;

ü pm;eyf&du©mjywfvyfrnfukd
pk d ; &d r f í jzpf a yonf / vuf & S d
EkdifiHawmfrS t&efqef0,f,lrI
rSmvnf; jynfwGif;pm;eyf&du©m
zl v k H r I o m OD ; pm;ay;rnf j zpf
onf/ ykdvQHrIjzpfvmygu rnf
okdY aqmif&Guf&rnfhrl0g'vnf;
vkdtyfaeonf/
v,f,mu@wGif txl;
jyKuk r Ü P D r sm;\ vk y f u k d i f E k d i f
onfh tcef;u@uvnf; wpf
Ekid if v
H ;kH pku
d {f uESiEfh iId ;f ,SOv
f Qif
rajymyavmufaom {&m0wD
wdkif;a'oBuD;wpfckrSmyif rkd;
pyg; pdkuf{u 33 odef;ausmf&Sd
onf/ txl;jyKukrÜPD 29cku
rdk;pyg;wGif usyfaiG 18bDvD,H
ausm(f usyo
f ef;aygif; 18ç000)
ausmf v,form;rsm;udk pdkuf
ysKd ; p&d w f E S i h f oG i f ; tm;pk r sm;
axmuf y H h a y;onf / od k Y a omf
¤if;ukrÜPDrsm;onf pkduf{u
tukefryHhykd;Ekdifay/ rdrdwdkYESihf
oufqkdif&mNrdKUe,frsm;rS v,f
orm;rsm;ud k o myH h y k d ; ay;Ek d i f
onf/ txl;jyKrsm; yHhykd;EkdifrIrSm
{&m0wD w d k i f ; a'oBuD ; wG i f
pdkuf{u av;odef;&Spfaomif;
om&Sdonf/
v,f , mu@ wpf { u
uk e f u sp&d w f r S m uef a ':vm
100 (usyf & S p f a omif ; ausmf )
tenf;qHk;axmufyHhay;&efvdk
tyf o nf / ,if ; rS m qef p yg;
t"dupkdufysKd;onfh a'owGif;
EkdifiHrsm;rS yHhydk;rIrsm;udk avhvm
od&Sd&jcif;jzpfaMumif; {&m0wD
wdik ;f a'oBuD; pDru
H ed ;f ESihf pD;yGm;
a&;0efBuD;u&Sif;jyonf/ vuf
&Sd jrefrmEkdifiHü EkdifiHawmftpkd;&
u v,form;rsm;udk yHhydk;rIrSm
wpf{u usyfav;aomif;om
pdu
k yf sK;d p&dwf xkwaf cs;Ekid o
f nf/
]]txl;jyKukrÜPDudk pvkyf
uwnf;u EkdifiHawmftpkd;&u
vufcyk w
f ;D tm;ay;wmwpfcyk J
&S d c J h w ,f } }[k uÍö e uRef ; om
txl;jyKukrÜPD Ouú|OD;cspfckdif
uqkdonf/
rdryd idk q
f idk o
f nfh ypön;f rsm;
udk bPfü taygifxm;NyD; v,f
orm;rsm;udk acs;aiGaxmufyHhcJh
onf/ ,aeYtcsdefwGif txl;jyK
ukrP
Ü rD sm;rSmyif aiGaMu;tcuf

w&m;eJY a0;aeol[m ighOpömvdkYvnf; pGJw,f? ighukd,fvdkYvnf; pGJw,f? igvdkYvnf; pGJw,fqkdwhJ tpGJoHk;
rsKd;&Sdw,f/ ighOpömqdkwm Opömypönf;awGtay:rSm wPSmeJYpGJwmyg/ tJ'DwyfrufrIwPSmawGukd aoao
csmcsmpOf;pm;vdkuf&if ukd,fydkifwJh ukd,fqkdifwJh ypönf;tppftrSefvdkY b,folrSrajymEkdifygbl;/ wpfb0wm
twGuf cPoHk;aeMu&wmyg/ xm0&ukd,fykdifw,fvdkY bmwpfckrSr&Sdygbl;/ wpfcsdefcsdefrSm 'Dypönf; 'DOpöm
awGtm;vHk;udk csefxm;cJh&rSmyg/ ypönf;uvnf; ukd,fhudk pGefYcsifpGefYoGm;r,f/ ukd,fuvnf; ypönf;udk pGefYcsif
pGefY&r,f/ tNrJxm0pOf vufwGJqkyfukdifNyD; ukd,fhoabmus ,loGm;csifvdkYrjzpfygbl;/ cPwm ukd,fhqD
a&mufaewmudk ighOpömqkNd y;D awmh pGaJ ewm w&m;rjrifow
l &Ykd UJ trSm;yg/ tJ't
D rSm;BuD;eJY pGaJ ewm w&m;rjrifwhJ
ykxkZOfawGjzpfw,f/ aemufwpfrsKd;u igawmfw,f? igwwfw,f? igodw,f? igem;vnfw,fvdkY rmeeJY
pGJaeMuao;w,f/ vlcsif; vlcsif; ,SOfvkduf&if ukd,fyJomw,fvkdYxifw,f/ [kwfw,f r[kwfw,f tyxm;?
ukd,fhpdwfu xifaewwfMuw,f/
tJ'DtpGJoHk;rsKd;udk yyÍöw&m;vdkYac:w,f/ yyÍöw&m;qkdwm oHo&mawG &Snfoxuf&Snfatmif?
us,o
f xufus,af tmifcsUJ wJw
h &m;yg/ oHo&me,fy,fawGukd us,o
f xufus,af tmif csUJ aeMu&if edAmÁ ef
eJY a0;onfxufudk a0;oGm;rSmjzpfw,f/ tpGJoHk;rsKd;udk enf;enf;rSrusefatmif ½kyfeJY emrfeJYyJjrifatmif
½IrSwfjcif;jzifh ighukd,fqkdwJh'd|dpGJaysmufoGm;ygw,f/ igqkdwm r&Sd&if rmefrmepGJawG? igykdifwJhOpöm
ypön;f awGqw
dk hJ tjrifrsK;d awGvnf; aysmufomG ; rSmjzpfw,f/ cE¨mrSm&Sw
d hJ ½kyef mrf? uk,
d ef YJ qufpyfaewm
½kyfw&m;? pdwfeJY qufpyfaewm emrfw&m;? ukd,frSm jzpfaewm ½kyfw&m;? pdwfrSmjzpfaewm emrfw&m;?
ukd,frSm ay:aewm ½kyfw&m;? pdwfrSm ay:aewm emrfw&m;jzpfw,f/ ½kyfuvnf; ½kyf&JUtvkyfukd
vkyfae w,f/ emrfuvnf; emrf&JUtvkyfudk vkyfaew,f/ ½kyfeJYemrf ESpfck aygif;pyfNyD; vIyf&Sm;? oGm;vm?
pm;aomuf? aexkdifMuw,f/ w&m;& csifw,fqkd&if yxrqHk; t½IcHjzpfwJh ½kyfeJYemrfudktjrifrSefatmif
aoaocsmcsm jrifatmifMunfh &rSmjzpfw,f/
&nfñTef;- "r®'lwa'gufwmt&Sifyndó&\ ]"r®vrf;ay:rSm}

ppfab;'ku©onfrsm;ukd ulnD&ef ½kyf&Siftpnf;t½kH; &efykHaiGuyGJ usif;yrnf
at;olpH

&efukef? ar-28
ucsifjynfe,fESifh &Srf;jynfe,f&Sd ppfab;oifh jynfolrsm;odkY vSL'gef;&ef &nf&G,fonfh &efykHaiGuyJG
wpfckudk jrefrmEkdifiH½kyf&Siftpnf;t½kH;u pDpOfaeaMumif; tqkdygtpnf;t½kH;\ wm0ef&Sdol
wpfOD;uajymonf/
]]&efyaHk iGyrGJ mS tqkyd gr,f/tNird yhf gr,f/ jyZmwfwpfcyk gr,f/ tNird u
hf udck ifarmifBuD;? udak usmf
aZmvif;eJY udkt½dkif;wdkYpDpOfw,f/ jyZmwfu udkausmfaZmvif; pDpOfw,f/ ZGef 15 ? 16 avmuf
ujzpfzdkYBudK;pm;aeygw,f}}[k ¤if;uajymonf/
,ck&efyaHk iG azsmaf jzyJo
G nf jrefrmEkid if ½H yk &f iS t
f pnf; t½k;H trIaqmifopfvufxufwiG f yxr
qkH;jyKvkyfonfh &efykHaiGyJGwpfyJGjzpfNyD; &nf&G,fvSL'gef;vdkaom jynfolrsm;xH trSefwu,f a&muf&Sd
atmif xdxad &mufa&muf vSL'gef;oGm;rnf [k ½kyf&Siftpnf;t½kH;trIaqmifwpfOD;u ajymonf/
tqkdyg azsmfajzyJGudk trsKd;om;Zmwf½kHwGif usif;yEkdif&efpDpOfaeNyD; jrefrm½kyf&SiftEkynm&Sif
trsm;pk yg0ifEkdifatmif ½kyf &Siftpnf;t½kH;u pnf;½kH;aqmif&GufaeaMumif; od&onf/
tcJjzpfvmojzihf aemufjyef
vSn&h f rnft
h jzpfrsK;d rMumrDa&muf
&Sv
d mrnfukd pd;k &dr&f onf/ vuf&dS
tajctaeudk ulnDrnfholrsm;
&Sdygu 'l;axmufawmif;yef&
rnf q d k v nf ; awmif ; yef E k d i f
aMumif; OD;cspfckdifuajymonf/
txl;jyKukrÜPDrsm;onf
v,form;rsm; rsKd;aumif;rsKd;
oefYpdkufysKd;a&;? rdrdpkdufysKd;xkwf
vk y f o nf h pyg;t&nf t aoG ;
aumif;rsm;jzpf&ef tmrcHrsKd;pHk
jzihfqGJaqmifcJhonf/ jynfyaps;
uGufodkY wifydkY&mwGif yHkrSefaps;
uGuf&&eftwGuf BudK;pm;cJhjcif;
jzpf o nf / xk d r S o m qef p yg;
t"duwifydkYonfh wkdif;jynfrsm;
ESifh,SOfEkdifNyD; urÇmhqefwifydkY
onfhEkdifiHrsm;xJwGif yg0ifEkdif
&ef &nf&G,fxm;onf/
]]tdwfpydkY&SdrS qefaps;rus
atmifvkyfEkdifrSm}}[k jynfyodkY
qefwifydkYaeonfh vkyfief;&Sif
wpfOD;uqkdonf/ vuf&Sdtcsdef

wGif jrefrmhqefonf urÇmhaps;
uGufudk xkd;azmufEkdifrI vGefpGm
tm;enf;aeonf/ jrefrmhqef\
t"duaps;uGufjzpfonfh tm
z&duEkdifiHonf tdEd´,EkdifiHrS
qefrsm;0ifa&mufrIaMumifh jref
rmhqef0,f,lrIudk &yfem;xm;&
onf/ ,if;aMumifh tdrfeD;csif;
EkdifiHrsm;odkY wifykdY&efBudK;pm;ae
&onf/ ,if;tajctaeaMumifh
EkdifiHawmftpkd;&ukd,fwkdifyif
jzpfap? yk*¾vduu@uyifjzpf
ap v,f,mpdu
k yf sK;d a&;wGif &if;
ES;D jrK§ yEf &HS ef tm;ay;oifah Mumif;
pdkufysKd;a&;ynm&Sifrsm;uqkd
onf/ vuf&Sd v,f,mpdkufysKd;
a&;wGif jynfy&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIrSm
1 &mcdkifEIef;yif&Sdonf/ EkdifiH
awmf\ vlOD;a&\ 70 &mckdif
EIef;aom awmifolv,form;
rsm; b0zGUH NzKd ;wk;d wufro
S m wkid ;f
jynfzGHUNzdK;wkd;wufEkdifrnf jzpf
onf/
]]rESpfu a<u;qyfzkdY ysuf

uGufrIawG&SdcJhawmh 'DESpf acs;
aiG&yghrvm;qkdNyD; pkd;&drfae&
w,f}}[k yJcl;wkdif;a'oBuD;rS
v,form;wpfOD;u ol\pkd;&drf
rIudkajymvmonf/
v,form;rsm;onf &moD
Owkazmufjyefr?I yd;k rTm;tEÅ&m,f
ESdyfpufrI? oD;ESHaps;EIef;rsm; qkd;
&Gm;pGmusqif;aerIu v,f,m
vkyfief;udk pGefYcGm&ef wGef;tm;
jzpfvmonf/ tdrfeD;csif;EdkifiH
rsm;wGif oGm;a&muf tvkyfvkyf
udik o
f rl sm; wpfaeY wjcm;rsm;vm
onf/tusK;d qufrmS v,f,mvkyf
ief ; cG i f w G i f tvk y f o rm;&S m ;
yg;rIESihfBuHKawGUae&onf/
]]vk y f t m;cu wpf E S p f
xuf wpfEpS f aps;wufvmawmh
pku
d yf sK;d p&dwu
f jrihv
f mw,f}}[k
txufygv,form;BuD;u NiD;
wGm;onf/
oD;ESHaps;EIef;rsm; usqif;
aomfvnf; oGif;tm;pkrsm;rSm
aps;EIe;f usqif;jcif;r&Sad y/ rnf

onhw
hf idk ;f jynfrqkpd ;D yGm;a&;wGif
usqif ; rI umuG , f a &;pepf
xm;&Sd&efvdk tyfonf/ odkYaomf
jrefrmhv,f,muwGif ,if;t
csufr S m aysmuf q H k ; aeonf /
oGif;tm;pk aps;EIef;rsm;udk EkdifiH
awmfu vuf&Sdtcsdefxd xdef;í
r&jzpfaeonf/
v,f,mpkdufysKd;a&;u@
wG i f tajymif ; tvJ r sm; aES ;
auG;cJhvQif txl;jyKukrÜPDrsm;
aemuf a Mumif ; jyef r nf h tEÅ
&m,f&v
dS mrnf/ v,form;rsm;
uvnf; vkyfief;udk us,fus,f
jyefYjyefYvkyfukdif&ef tm;avsmh
oGm;Ekdifonf/ vuf&Sd v,f,m
pk d u f y sKd ; a&;vk y f i ef ; rsm;wG i f
]½kd;om;ol BudK;pm;olu a<u;
ywfvnf0dkif;aew,f}? ]usOf;
wpfaumif us,fwpf&SOf;} qkd½kd;
pum;uJo
h yYkd if v,frsm;rsm;vkyf
ol o nf uRJ ? EG m ;rsm;ygrusef
qH;k ½I;H rnft
h ajctaeESihf BuKH awGU
vsuf&Sdayawmhrnf/

12

Home

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

pm-5? a&TeHYomv,form;rsm; aZurÇmukrÜPDudk ajr,mrIESpfrIjzifh trIzGifh rS
v,f,majrrsm;udk odrf;qnf;xm;cJhaomfvnf; EkdifiHawmfrS
aZurÇmukrÜPDudk w&m;0ifvkyfydkifcGifhay;onfh cGifhjyKcsufrSm
2012 ckESpf arv 21 &ufaeYpGJjzifh&efukefwkdif;a'oBuD; tpkd;&
tzJGUu cGifhjyKcJhjcif;jzpfaMumif; a&TeHYomaus;&GmrS v,form;
rsm;u ajymonf/
]]tJ'DtaMumif;Mum;pmudk a&TeHYomaus;&Gm v,form;
awGqu
D kd aus;&Gmtkycf sKyaf &;rSL;½k;H u arv 27 &ufrS t oday;
vkdufwm/ aZurÇmu oD;pm;pdkufysKd;vkyfudkifcGifh&w,fqdkNyD;
qkH;jzwfcsuf tydk'f 54 t& xkwfjyefvkdufw,f}}[k udkaersKd;a0
uajymonf/
aZurÇmukrÜPDonf r*Fvm'kHO,smOfNrdKUawmf pDrHudef;udk
1997 ckESpfwGif pwiftaumiftxnfazmfaqmif&GufcJhNyD;
&efukefpufrIZkefpDrHudef;(1? 2? 3? 4) udk 2000 jynfhESpfwGif NrdKU
&GmESifh tdk;tdrfzHGUNzdK;a&;OD;pD;Xme \ cGifhjyKcsufjzifh aqmif&GufcJh
aMumif; a&Teo
YH mv,form;rm;rsm; v,f,mvkyyf ikd cf iG &hf aom
&efukefpufrIZkeftydkif; 4 \ v^e(39) cGifhjyKrdefYudk NrdKU&GmESifh
tdk;tdrfzHGUNzdK;a&;OD;pD;XmerS aqmif&GufaomaMumifh ukrÜPDESifh
roufqidk af Mumif; tvif;wef*sme,fwiG f aZurÇmukrP
Ü D vDrd
wufu xkwfjyefaMunmonf/
&efuek w
f idk ;f a'oBu;D tpd;k &tzJUG rS2012ckEpS af rv21&uf
xkwfjyefcsufwGif tpnf;ta0;trSwpf Of 19^2012 qk;H jzwf

csuftydk'f 54t& aZurÇmukrÜPDom oD;pm;pkdufysKd;vkyfudkif
cGifh qufvufcGifhjyK[kyg&Sdonf/
aZurÇmukrÜPDonf jynfolYvTwfawmfukd,fpm;vS,f
a'gufwmcifa&Tydkifqkdifonfh ukrÜPDjzpfNyD; ,if;udpöwGif aZ
urÇmOD;cifa&Tu Ekid if aH wmfrS odr;f ,lonf[k v,form;rsm;udk
ajymqdck jhJ cif;jzpfNy;D ? ¤if;Mum;0ifajz&Si;f ay;jcif;aMumifh u½kPm
aMu;okH;odef;udk v,form;rsm;twGuf &,lcJhaMumif; v,fo
rm;rsm;udk ajymqdkonf/
]]uRefawmfwdkY tckarQmfvifhwmawmh udk,fhv,fajrudkyJ
jyefvkdcsifw,f/ tcktdrfrSm bmtvkyfrSr&Sdawmh 'Dtwkdif;
aeae&wm/ tckuRefawmfwdkY trIzGifhxm;wmeJYywfoufNyD;
uReaf wmfwu
Ykd kd Oya'ESit
hf nD ajyvnfatmif vkyaf y;zdyYk J arQmf
vifhygw,f/ tqifrajycJh&ifvnf; 'Dtwkdif;yJ ae&rSmaygh/
udk,frSrydkifwm/ wjcm; tvkyf&SmvkyfzdkYyJ &Sdawmhwmaygh}} [k
r*Fvm'HNk rKd Ue,f a&Teo
YH maus;&Gmtkypf rk S awmifoOl ;D csp0f if;pdef
u ajymonf/
v,fpdkufol a':aiGatmifuvnf; ]]ta':wdkYuawmh
v,fukd jyef&zkyYd J arQmv
f ifw
h ,f/ tcktrd rf mS tvum;yJ xkid af e
&wm/ ta':wdkY rGefvlrsKd;awGu v,fpdkufwJh tvkyfuvJGvdkY
bmrS rvkyfwwfbl;/ v,ftvkyfyJvkyfwm/ 'gaMumifh tck
trIrSmvnf; udk,fhv,fjyef&zdkYyJ arQmfvifhw,f}} [kqkdonf/

pm-4? vrf;rawmfu vlowfrD;½dIY rI pDpDwDADuwpfqifh ajc&mcHzrf;rd rS
tcif;jzpf wdkufcef;a&SUt
a&mufwGif wHcg;acguf&m ao
qH;k oltrsK;d orD;i,fu ]]b,fol
vJ}} ar;jref;&mwGif]]OD;rsKd;yg rkefY
vmydkYwm}} [kajymcJhí wHcg;zGihf
ay;aomaMumifh 0ifcGihf&cJhNyD;
qD;oGm;csifí tdrfomoGm;cJh&m
rS jypfrIusL;vGef&ef awG;awm
cJhNyD; uyfvsuf rD;zkdcef;rS t0g
a&mifpwD;"m;udk cg;Mum;xdk;í
tdraf &SUodjYk yefvnfxu
G cf o
hJ nf/
xkdtcsdefwGif trsKd;orD;
i,f u d k wH c g;yd w f & ef ajymNyD ;
wHcg;ydwaf epOf aemufr"S m;jzifh
ckwf&m OD;acgif;aemufaph u d k
ckwfrdNyD; arSmufvsufvJusoGm;
csdefwGif aMumufpdwfjzihf aemuf
xyfav;csuq
f uf ckwcf ahJ Mumif;
od&onf/
xk d Y a emuf tavmif ; ud k
ajcaxmufrS w&GwfwkdufqGJí
teD ; &S d acgif ; tk H ; ? *G r f ; uwf ?
txnfrsm;udk tavmif;ay:yHk
NyD; teD;&Sd AD½dktm; "m;jzihfuefY
vef Y z G i h f í <uyf < uyf t d w f j zih f
xnfx
h m;aomaiGrsm;awGUaomf
vnf; r,lcJhbJ a&Txnfypönf;
rsm;udo
k m ,lco
hJ nf/ "m;udk rlt
eD;&Sd t0wfpjziho
f w
k í
f t0wfp
udk tavmif;ay:ypfwifu m
rD;jcpfawGUí puúLrsm;udk rD;½dUI um
tavmif;ay:&Sd t0wfrsm;udk
rD;pGJapcJhjcif;jzihf rD;avmifrIudk
jzpfyGm;apcJhonf/
,if;aemuf tcef;wHcg;
jyefydwfí avSum;twdkif;qif;
um ajrnDxyf oHyef;wHcg; aomh
rcwfrD yxrxyfukd wHcg;acguf
cJhao;aMumif; od&onf/ cP
tMumwGif tifwmeufqkdifrS
om;tzESpOf ;D wufvmpOf ]]bm
vdYk wHcg;acgufwmvJ}} [kar;&m
]]vlopfawG vm&Smwmawmif;
yefygw,f}} [kajymum atmuf
odjYk yefqif;Ny;D wuúpiD mS ;tdrjf yef
cJhaMumif; od&onf/

yxrxyfudk wHcg;acguf
pOf tdrftulwpfOD;u acsmif;
MunfhaygufrSMunfhaomtcg
rket
Yf w
d u
f ikd af qmifxm;onfukd
owdxm;rdco
hJ uJo
h Ykd tdr&f iS rf sm;
udv
k nf; wHcg;vmacguf aMumif;
ajymjycJhaMumif; od&onf/

xkdrSwpfqifh vlyHkyef;
oP²mefEiS fh vrf;avQmufyw
kH u
Ykd kd
ar;í a&Typk eG rf ek w
Yf u
dk \
f pDpw
D AD D
rSwpfqifh &SmazGum trIukd azmf
xkwfEkdifcJhjcif;jzpfaMumif; od&
onf/
w&m;cHESihf aoqHk;ol\ rd
cifrmS todrsm;jzpfNy;D w&m;cHrmS
aoqHk;ol\rdcif a':pef;&DxHrS
vGefcJhaom q,fESpfcefYu aiG
usyf q,fodef;udk twkd;jzifhacs;
,lcNhJ y;D aemuf tBudrBf udrx
f yfrH
acs;cJh&m pkpak ygif; usy2f 5 ode;f
cef&Y aSd Mumif; od&onf/
wpfvvQif twkd;oHk;odef;
jzpfí ta<u;vnfyif;epfae
um t&if;rqyfEkdifí awmif;
yef&eftpDtpOfvnf;&Sad Mumif;
od&onf/
xdkYtjyif a':pef;&Dukd aiG
aMu;qkdif&m rauseyfrIrsm;&Sdí
w'*FtwGi;f a'gojzihf orD; jzpf
oltm; owfcJhjcif;jzpfaMumif;
od&onf/
w&m;cHonf a':pef;&D u
orD;jzpfou
l kd a&Typk eG rf ek 0Yf ,f í
ydkYckdif;avh&Sdonfudk odxm;ol
jzpfívnf; ,ckuJhodkY jyKvkyfcJh
jcif;jzpfonf/

¤if ; onf ig;yk p G e f r sm;
a&mif;csojl zpfí ig;t&Sirf sm;udk
"m;jzihf acgif;ckwfaom tusihf
&Sdí jypfrIusL;vGef&mwGifvnf;
,if;enf;udyk iftoH;k jyKum ao
qH;k olO;D acgif;tm; "m;jzihcf w
k í
f
owfcJhjcif;jzpfonf[k &Jrsm;u
rSwfcsufay;onf/

rD;avmifrIjzpfyGm;aom
aetdrfrSm vrf;rawmf 7 vrf;&Sd

wdkuf 76? 3vTm ,mbufüjzpf
NyD; rD;avmifrIaMumifh ysufpD;
oGm;aomqHk;½HI;rIwefzkd;rSm ig;
axmif u syf o m&S d o nf [ k &ef
ukew
f idk ;f rD;owfO;D pD;XmerS wm
0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajymonf/
rD;avmifuRrf;rIonf aeY
v,f 11 em&D 45rdepfwiG f pwif
jzpfyGm;NyD; 12em&D 10rdepfwGif
rD;Nid§rf;EkdifcJhaMumif; od&onf/

rD ; avmif & mok d Y rD ; owf
,mOf15 pD;? tkycf sKyrf aI v;pD;? t

axmuftuljyK,mOf wpfpD; pkpk
aygif; tpD; 20 oGm;a&mufí rD;
owfwyfzUJG 0if 82OD;? t&ef 30 OD;
wkdY Nid§rf;owfNyD; MuufajceD 15
OD;vnf; oGm;a&mufcJhaMumif;
&efukefwkdif; rD;owfOD;pD;XmerS
od&onf/
,if;trIrS w&m;cHukd vrf;
rawmf &Jpcef;wGif (y)130^
2012^ yk ' f r -302^ 436^
201^392 jzihf trIziG t
fh a&;,l
xm;aMumif; od&onf/

pm-4? awmif;qkdvIyf&Sm;rIrsm;wGif EkdifiHa&;ygwDrsm;yg0ifvIyf&Sm;rIESihf
ywfoufíwm0ef&Sdolrsm;ukd a&G;aumufyJGaumfr&Sif ac:awGU rS
vQypf pfupd Eö iS yhf wfoufívnf; jynfov
l x
l t
k m; arwåm
&yfcHyefMum;xm;NyD; EkdifiHawmftwGif; rSDwif;aexkdifMuaom
jynfov
l x
l t
k m; vlaerItqift
h wef; jrifrh m;ap&ef Ekid if aH wmf
\ zefw;D Ekid pf rG ;f tm;ay: rlwnfí pDru
H ed ;f rsm; csrw
S af y;vsuf
&SdaMumif;? EkdifiHawmfu aqmif&Gufay;Ekdifaom udpö&yfrsm;udk
awmif;qko
d nfrmS tusK;d &SEd idk af omfvnf; tcuftcJrsm; &Sad om
udp&ö yfrsm;udk ZGww
f ;dk í qE´jyjcif;jzifh Ekid if t
H wGi;f w&m;Oya'
pkd;rdk;a&;ESifhat;csrf;om,ma&;udk xdyg;aESmifh,Suf&m a&muf
apaMumif;? xdkaMumifh ygwDrsm;taejzifh EkdifiHawmf\ yuwd
tajctaeESifh Oya'jy|mef;csufwdkYudk rodem;rvnfí ygwD
tcsKdUrS qE´jyvIyf&Sm;olrsm;tm; aoG;xdk;vIHYaqmfjcif;? yl;aygif;
yg0if qE´jyjcif;wkdYudk a&SmifMuOfNyD; EkdifiHawmftusKd;twGuf
oufqidk &f m tkycf sKyaf &;tzJUG tpnf;rsm;ESin
hf Ed§ idI ;f um yl;aygif;
aqmif&GufMua&; oufqkdif&mygwD rsm;odkY today;cJhonf/

rsufESmzkH;- pm;oHk;&ef roifhonfhqDrsm; w½kwfEkdifiHrS
wifoGif;onfhudpö ta&;ay:tpnf;ta0;ac: rS
w&m;r0ifqrD sm;onf w½kwEf idk if ?H xkid ;f Ekid if eH ,fpyfwYdrSk 0ifa&muf
Ny;D w&m;0ifwif oGi;f onfq
h x
D uf aps;uGux
f w
J iG f ydrk sm;aMumif;
od&onf/ ,if;aMumifhe,fpyfa'orS wifoiG ;f rIrsm;udkw&m;0if
cGijfh yKNy;D (FDA)tpm;tpmESihfaq;0g; okawoeXmerS pepfwus
ppfaq;oifhaMumif; &efukefrS yJqDxkwfvkyfa&mif;csolwpfOD;
uqko
d nf/ w½kwEf idk if rH S w&m;r0ifqrD sm; 0ifa&mufrrI mS vuf&dS
tcsdefxuf aqmif;wGif;umvu wefcsdefrsm;pGm 0ifa&mufcJh
onf/ tqkyd gqDrsm;onf tBurd Bf urd f jyefaMumfNy;D pGeyYf pfqrD sm;udk
puf½w
kH Gif ta&mif? teHYcRwfí wifoGif;jcif;jzpfonf/ tqkdyg
qDrsm;udk pm;oHk;vQif qD;csKd? aoG;wkd;? ESvHk;a&m*gwkdYomru
uifq ma&m*gvnf;jzpfEkdifonf/
tqkyd gqDrsm;udk pm;tke;f qDrsm;udk ykvif;xJwiG f xnfo
h iG ;f
xm;yguomrefpm;tke;f qDEiS hcJf jG cm;&efcufco
J nf/xkt
Y d jyifa&mif;cs
&mwGif omrefpm;tkef;qDaps;EIef;ESifh wlnDpGm a&mif;csojzifh
pm;oH;k olrsm; tcufawGUapaMumif;od&onf/w&m;r0ifqrD sm;
onf rEÅav;aps;uGufodkY t"du0ifa&mufNyD; jrefrmwpfEkdifiH
vHk;okYd jzefYcsdaeonfudk od&onf/

rsufESmzkH; - aiGvJEIef;jrifhwufvmapa&;twGuf tpDtpOfwpfck&Sd[k pufrI0efBuD;ajymMum; rS
]]uReaf wmfu jrefrmaiGrm
aewm odyfrBudKufbl;/ BudK;pm;
aeygw,f/ tpDtpOfav;wpfck
&S d y gw,f / tqif a jy&if ajy
ovdk uRefawmfwdkY jyKjyifajymif;
vJoGm;atmif vkyfzdkY aysmhoGm;
atmifvkyfzdkY tpDtrH&SdaMumif;
jznfph u
G af jymMum;vdyk gw,f}} [k
ZGef3&ufucsux
f &D,rf[w
kd ,f
wGif jyKvkyfaom jrefrmh CMP
(vufcpm;)vkyfief;rsm; zHGUNzdK;
wkd;wufa&;ESifh pdefac:rIrsm;
aqG;aEG;yJw
G iG f txufygtwkid ;f
ajymMum;cJhjcif; jzpfonf/
jrefrmusyfaiGESifh tar&d
uefa':vmvJvS,fonhfEIef;
800 atmufusqif;oGm;aom
2011 ckESpf Mo*kwfvwGif 0ef
BuD;OD;pdk;odef;u Zkefxkwfum;

rsm;\ 'PfaMu;tm; a':vm
jzifh ay;acs&ef owfrSwfvkduf
ojzifh tar&duefESifh jrefrm
usyaf iGvv
J ,
S af om EIe;f rSm 800
usyftxuf acwåjyefa&mufcJh
onf/ ]]vky&f ifawmh jzpfygw,f/
olYrSm tkdif'D,m&Sdygw,f/ wuf
atmifvkyfwmuawmh wpfck
wnf;vkyfvdkYawmh r&bl;/ tck
u A[dkbPfu r&Jw&Jjzpfae
w,f/ A[dkbPfu &J&J0Hh0Hh vkyf
&ifawmh ydkaumif;w,f/ enf;
enf;av;awmh ynmom;ygzdkY
vd k w ,f } }[k uarÇ m ZbPf ' k
Ouú|OD;oef;vGifu rSwfcsufjyK
onf/
urÇ m ausmf [m;Awf
wuúodkvfrS ynm&Sifrsm;u
vnf; aiGvJEIef;rSm tar&duef

a':vmvQif wpf a xmif u syf
jzpfoifhaMumif; tpdk;& wm0ef
&Sdolrsm;udk tBuHjyKcJhonf/
{NyD v 1 &uf r S p í A[d k
bPfu tar&duefa':vmESifh
jrefrmusyfaiGvJvS,faom EIef;
tm; 818 usyf j zif h w&m;0if
pwifowfrw
S cf NhJ y;D aeYpOfaiGvJ
vS,fEIef;udkvnf; owfrSwfay;
cJhojzifh aiGvJEIef;twuftus
uGm[rIenf;vmonf/
odaYk omf armfawmf,mOfv
rsm;tm; ygrpfrvkdbJ wifoGif;
cGifhjyKNyD;aemuf tar&duefwpf
a':vmvQif 821 usyrf S wjznf;
jznf; aps;wufvmcJhum ,ck
&uf y d k i f ; wG i f jyif y ayguf a ps;
ü wpfa':vmvQif 842 usy0f ef;
usifxd ta&mif;t0,fjzpfvm

cJhonf/
]]tenf ; qk H ; wpf a xmif
txufjzpfrS tm;vkH;tqifajy
r,f/ v,form;a&m a&xGuf
ypön;f wifyw
Ykd v
hJ al &m wpfaxmif
atmuf a&mufaevdkY tckvdk
jzpfaewm}}[k jrefrmEkdifiH ig;
vkyfief;tzJGUcsKyfrS taxGaxG
twGif;a&;rSL;OD;0if;BudKifu qkd
onf/
xkdYtjyif aiGvJvS,fEIef;
wpfaxmifusyftxuf a&muf
&Sdvmygu pyg;wif;wpf&mvQif
tenf;qk;H usyf ok;H ode;f txuf
jzifh 0,f,lEkdifrnfjzpfaMumif;
jrefrmEkdifiH qefpyg;vkyfief;t
oif; Ouú|OD;cspcf idk u
f qdo
k nf/

rsufESmzkH;- wpfvtwGif; puf½kH 57 ½kHrS vkyfom;okH;aomif;cGJausmf qE´jyrIrsm;jzpfyGm; rS
qE´jyol trsm;pkrSm t ajccHvpmwkd;ay;twGuf jyoaejcif;jzpfaMumif; wufa&mufvmaomtvkyform; udk,pf m;vS,frsm;uvnf;
ajymqdkcJhonf/
]]uRefawmfwdkYu vuf&Sd&aewJh vpmeJY ravmufvdkY vpmudk ESpfaomif;pDwkd;ay;zdkY awmif;qdkaewmyg/ 'DaeY ajcmuf&ufajrmufaeY ZGef
2 &Sd NyD}} [k vIdifom,mpufrIZkef 1 &Sd Hall Mart txnfcsKyfpuf½kH rS pufjyifuRrf;usif udkvIdif0if;xGef;uajymonf/
,ckuJhodkY qE´jyaerIrsm;tm; ajz&Sif;Ekdif&ef tpkd;&tzJGU rS wm0ef&Sdolrsm; t&yfbuftzJGUtpnf;rS acgif;aqmifrsm;? EkdifiHa&;ygwDrsm;rS
udk,fpm;vS,frsm;? tvkyform;udk,fpm;vS,frsm;? 88 rsKd;qufopfausmif;om;rsm;rS wm0ef&Sdolrsm;onf ZGef 3&ufu csufx&D,HwGif jyK
vkyfaom tvkyf½kHaqG;aEG;yJGwGif ajymqdkaqG;aEG;cJhMuonf/
tqkdyg aqG;aEG;yJGtNyD; 0ef BuD;OD;atmifMunfu ]]trsm; BuD; tusKd;aus;Zl;&Sdygw,f/ 0ef BuD;OD;pdk;odef;ajymovdk 'Duae awG;p&mawG
trsm;BuD;&NyDav/vufawGUtaumiftxnfazmfzdkYtydkif;udk aqmif&GufoGm;vdkY&wmaygh}} [kajymqdkcJhonf/

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

&moDaoG;ESihftwl qHk;½IH;oGm;aom "mwfrsm;
0wf&nfatmif
trsKd ;orD;wdik ;f twGuf tysKd azmf0ifcsed rf S aoG;qH;k csed t
f xd vpOfreS rf eS f
&moDaoG;qif;jcif;onf jzpfNrJ"r®wmwpfckyifjzpfonf/ xdkuJhodkY
jzpfNr"J r®wmt& a&Smifví
JG r&Edik o
f nfh &moDaoG;qif;Ny;D aemufyidk ;f
cE¨mud,
k t
f wGi;f tcsKd Uaom"mwfrsm;vnf; qHk;½HI;oGm;avh&Sdonf/

&moDaoG;qif;onfht
csdefwGif aoG;ESifhtwl cE¨mud,
k f
twGif;rS oH"mwfrsm;vnf;
yg0ifoGm;avh&SdNyD; oH"mwfenf;
yg;jcif;aMumifh aoG;tm;enf;
a&m*g jzpfvmEdkifaMumif; vl
wdik ;f od&MdS uaomfvnf; xdu
k o
hJ Ykd
rjzpfap&ef oH"mwfjyefvnf
jznfhwif;olrSmrl enf;yg;ae
qJjzpfonf/

tcsdKUaom trsdK;orD;
rsm;rS m rl om;td r f t wG i f ; t
ajr§;yg;rsm; a<uusNyD; aoG;qif;
vmjcif;onf cE¨mudk,ftwGif;
&Sd raumif;aom tnpftaMu;
rsm; qif ; vmjcif ; jzpf N yD ; rsm;
rsm;qif;vmav aumif;av
jzpfonf[laom xifjrif,lq
csurf sm;jzifh aoG;qif;Ny;D aemuf
ydkif; *½krrlbJaeMuonfh trsdK;
orD;rsm;vnf;&Sdonf/

trsd K ;orD ; rsm;onf
trsdK;om;rsm;xuf tm[m&
rsm; ydkrdkvdktyfNyD; txl;ojzifh
oH"mwfEiS hfu,fq,
D rf"mwfrsm;
rSm ydrk v
kd t
kd yfaMumif; od&onf/
EdkYwdkufcsdef? ukd,f0efaqmifcsdef
ESifh &moDvmcsdefwdkYwGif tm[m
&"mwfrsm; ydkrdkvdktyfaMumif;
om;zGm;rD;,yf q&m0efBuD;rsm;
u ajymonf/

&moDaoG;qif;onfht
csdefwGif ysrf;rQtm;jzifh cGuf\
av;yHw
k pfyckH efY aoG;rsm;qH;k ½H;I Ny;D
xdkYxufrsm;jym;pGm qHk;½IH;olrsm;

vnf ; &S d o nf / a[rd k * vd k b if
onf atmufq*D sif o,faqmif
ay;onfh t&mwpfcjk zpfNy;D cE¨m
udk,ftwGif; tpdwftydkif;rsm;
vkyif ef;rsm; aqmif&u
G &f eftwGuf
vdt
k yfonfh atmufq*D sit
f m;
o,faqmifay;onf/ aoG;qHk;
½I H ; rI a Mumif h aoG ; eD O xJ w G i f & S d
onfh teD"mwf (a[rdk*vdkbif)
tm;enf;oGm;onft
h cg jzLazsmh
Ny;D tarmrcHEikd jf cif;rsm;jzpfvm
aMumif;od&onf/

]]enf;enf;vIyf&Sm;wm?
tvkyfenf;enf;vkyfwmeJY arm
wm? &ifawGwkefwm? ESvHk;ckef
wmawG jrefvmavh&Sdw,f/ w
csdKUqdk touf½SL&usyfwmawG?
t&rf;qdk;wJholawGrSmqdk ESvHk;
tarmazmufwmawmif jzpfwwf
w,f}}[k wGzJ ufygarmu©a'guf
wmpdk;vGifu ]&moDrvmcif vl
owfcsifESifh a&Trif;orD;wdkY\
pyfpyfpkpkar;cGef;rsm;} pmtkyf
wGif a&;om;xm;onf/

a[rdk*vdkbif enf;yg;
onfhtwGuf cE¨mudk,ftwGif;
jyóemrsm; jzpfay:vmonfh
tcg xdak [rd*k vdb
k if xkwv
f yk f
Edkif&eftwGuf oH"mwfonf r&Sd
rjzpfvdktyfcsuf jzpfvmonf/
&moDqif;rsm;onfh trsdK;orD;
rsm;twGuf oH"mwfjyefvnf
jznfhwif;jcif;onf aoG;tm;
enf ; a&m*g rjzpf a p&ef um
uG,fjcif;vnf; jzpfonf/ oH

"mwfjyefvnf jznfhwif;&eft
wGuf aq;0g;rsm;toHk;jyKEdkif
ouJo
h Ykd taumif;qH;k enf;vrf;
rSm oH"mwf<u,f0pGmyg0ifaom
tom;rsm;? trJtonf;? Muuf
Orsm;? toD;? [if;oD;[if;&Guf
rsm;? ESHpm;oD;ESHrsm; pm;oHk;jcif;
jzifh jyefvnfjznfw
h if;Edik af Mumif;
a'gufwmpdk;vGifu ajymMum;
xm;onf/

xd k Y j yif aoG ; tm;enf ;
jcif;onf udk,ftav;csdef enf;
yg;olrsm;üom jzpfay:avh&Sd
onfh a&m*gwpfckrsdK;r[kwfbJ
ud,
k f tav;csed f rsm;onfo
h rl sm;
wGifvnf; jzpfyGm;Edkifonfh a&m
*gwpfrsKd;vnf;jzpfonf/

]]aoG ; vS L zd k Y ud k , f t
av;csed f jynfah yr,fh aoG;tm;r

jynfhvdkY wpfcgrS aoG;vSLvdkY r&cJh
zl;bl;}}[k touf 27 ESpft&G,f
trsdK;orD;wpfOD;u ajymonf/
aoG ; vS L 'gef ; yG J r sm;wG i f v nf ;
aoG;tm;enf;aejcif;rsm;aMumifh
aoG;vSLcGifh r&jcif;onf trsm;
qHk;jzpfaMumif; od&onf/

EdkYwdkuft&G,fESifh tpm;
tpmauR;onf h uav;i,f
rsm;? &moDaoG;tqif;rsm;onfh
trsdK;orD;rsm;? aoG;wdk;onfh
udk,f0efaqmifrsm;? oufowf
vGwpf m;olrsm;? taMumif;trsKd ;
rsd K ;aMumif h aoG ; qH k ; ½I H ; rI r sm;
olrsm;? oH"mwfyg0ifonfh t
pm;tpmrsm; pm;oH;k rIenf;yg;ol
rsm;wGif oH"mwfcsKd UwJrh I tcGit
hf
vrf;trsm;qH;k olrsm;jzpfaMumif;
od&onf/
pm(14)okdY

txufwef;ausmif;om;rsm;
aq;vdyfaomufoHk;rI jyefvnfjrihfrm;vm

0wf&nfatmif &efukef? ar - 31
&Spw
f ef;? ud;k wef;ESifhwuúov
dk 0f ifwef;ausmif;om;? ausmif;
olrsm;wGif aq;vdyfaomufEIef; jyefvnfjrifhwufvm
aMumif; (Global Youth Tobacco Servey 2011)
ppfwrf;rsm;t& od&Sd&onf/
2001 ckESpfwGif jyKvkyfcJhonfh tqdkygppfwrf;wGif
xdak usmif;ol? ausmif;om;rsm;\ aq;vdyaf omufEeI ;f 10
'or 2 &mcdkifEIef;&Sd&mrS 2007 ckESpfwGif usqif;cJhaomf
vnf; 2011 ckESpf ppfwrf;wGif 6 'or8 &mcdkifEIef;odkY
jyefvnfjrifhwufvmjcif;jzpfonf/
ausmif;om;vli,frsm;wGif aq;vdyaf omufEeI ;f jrifh
rm;vmouJo
h Ykd aq;&GuBf uD;ygaom uGr;f pm;EIe;f vnf; jrifh
wufvmcJah Mumif; a'gufwmatmifxP
G ;f \ ]aq;vdyv
f yk f
ief;qGaJ qmifrI &yfwefEY ikd zf Ykd wdaYk &S; ½I}qdo
k nfah qmif;yg;wGif
azmfjyxm;onf/
urÇmhusef;rma&;tzGJ\ 2012 cefYrSef;csufrsm;t&
ESpfpOf vlOD;a&ajcmufoef;ausmfonf aq;vdyf? aq;&Guf
BuD; oHk;pGJrIaMumifhjzpfyGm;onfha&m*grsm;aMumifh aoqHk;
vsu&f dMS uNyD; ¤if;wdx
kY rJ S ajcmufodef;ausmo
f nf olwpfyg;
\ aq;vdyaf iGUrsm;aMumifhaoqH;k vsu&f adS Mumif;od&onf/
2030 jynhEf pS w
f iG f aq;vdy?f aq;&GuBf u;D aMumifhvl&pS f
oef;ausmf aoqH;k rnf[k cefrY eS ;f xm;MuNy;D xdt
k xJrS 80 &m
cdik Ef eI ;f ausmo
f nf zGUH NzKd ;qJEikd if rH sm;rSjzpfrnf[k cefrY eS ;f xm;
onf/ aq;vdyfxkwfvkyfrIonfvnf; wpfurÇmvHk;wGif
ydkrdkrsm;jym;vmNyD; ig;puúefYwdkif;ü pD;u&uf wpfoef;xkwf
vkyv
f su&f o
dS nf/jrefrmEdik if w
H iG 2f 006ckEpS far4&ufupí
aq;vdyfESifh aq;&GufBuD;xGufypönf;aomufoHk;rIxdef;
csKyaf &;Oya' (5^ 2006)jzifhjy|mef;cJNh y;D olwpfyg; aq;vdyf
aiGU½SL½dIuf&jcif;rS uif;a0;ap&ef aq;vdyfaomufcGifh
r&Sad om ae&mrsm;ESihf tueft
Y owfjzifh aq;vdyaf omuf
cGi&hf adS om oD;oefaY e&mrsm; owfrw
S jf cif;rsm; jy|mef;xm;
aomfvnf; vdu
k ef mrItm;enf;aejcif;aMumifh aq;vdyaf iGU
½SL½du
I af e&rIrsm;&Sad eqJjzpfaMumif; ynm&Sirf sm;u oH;k oyf
ajymMum;xm;onf/

14

Health

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

pm-13? &moDaoG;ESihftwl qHk;½IH;oGm;aom "mwfrsm; rS

nbuftvkyfqif;jcif;ESifh &ifom;uifqma&m*g qufpyfae

oH"mwfcsKd UwJo
h nfh uav;rsm;rSmvnf; vlBu;D rsm;uJo
h Ykd
jzLzyfjzLa&mfjzpfjcif;? armyef;EGrf;e,fvG,fjcif;? tpmpm;csif
pdwfr&Sdjcif;ponfh vu©Pmrsm; jzpfay:avh&SdaMumif; taxG
axGa&m*guk q&m0efwpfOD;u ajymonf/

t&G,af &mufNy;D trsKd ;om;wpfa,muftwGufoH"mwf
wpfaeYvQif 10 rDvD*&rf vdktyfNyD; trsdK;orD;wpfa,muf
twGuf 15 rDvD*&rf vdktyfaMumif; EdkifiHwum usef;rma&;
0ufbfqdkufrsm;wGif azmfjyxm;NyD; uav;i,frsm;twGufrl
t&G,ftvdkuf aeYpOfvdktyfcsufrsm; uGJjym;aMumif; od&
onf/

rdrdwGif aoG;tm;enf;a&m*g jzpfyGm;aejcif; &Sd?r&Sdukd
vnf; rdrdbmom od&SdEdkifonfh enf;vrf;rsm;vnf; &Sdonf/
rdrdta&jym; t&nftaoG;tm; ppfaq;aeoifhNyD; aoG;tm;
enf;ygu ta&jym;rSm jzLzyfjzLa&mfjzpfaeonfh vu©Pm
jyoavh&Sdonf/ armyef;jcif;? pdwfwdkvG,fjcif;rsm;? tpmpm;
csipf w
d ef nf;yg;jcif;? rMumcP acgif;udu
k jf cif;rsm;onfvnf;
aoG;tm;enf;jcif;\ a,bk,svu©Pmrsm;jzpfonf/ xdkY
tjyif pdwf"mwfusonfh cHpm;rIrsm;vnf; aoG;tm;enf;ol
rsm;wGif jzpfay:avh&SdaMumif; od&onf/

oH"mwfenf;yg;jcif;aMumifh aoG;vnfywfrIrsm; yHkrSef
tvkyrf vkyo
f nft
h wGuf ajczsm;vufzsm;rsm; at;puf onfh
a0'emvnf; cHpm;&Edik Nf y;D vSaJ ecsio
f nftxd tm;enf;aejcif;
ESihf tdyf&mxonfhtcsdefwGif acgif;rl;jcif;vu©Pmrsm;onf
vnf; aoG;tm;enf;aejcif;\ a&m*gvu©Pmrsm;jzpfaMumif;
od&onf/

odkYaomfvnf; pdk;&drfrIvGefuJNyD; uRrf;usifq&m0efESifh
rwdik yf ifbJ rdrb
d mom oH"mwfrsm; jyefvnfjznfw
h if;&ef BudK;
pm;ygu qH;k ½H;I onfh oH"mwfrsm;xuf ydrk rkd sm;jym;pGm pm;ok;H rdNy;D
oH"mwf tqdyo
f ifjh cif;tEÅ&m,fjzpfymG ;Ekid af Mumif; od&onf/

]]oH"mwfcsKd UwJNh y;D aoG;tm;enf;wmutouftEÅ&m,f
txd t&rf;rBu;D rm;ayr,fhoH"mwfrsm;jym;vGe;f &ifawmh tjcm;
usef;rma&;jyóemawGeJY &ifqdkif&Edkifw,f/ 'gaMumifh oH
"mwfcsKd UwJah ewJt
h aMumif; oHo,jzpf&if uRr;f usiw
f hJ q&m0ef
eJaY wmh wdik yf ifoifw
h ,f}}[k taxGaxGa&m*gukq&m0ef a'guf
wmvIdifpdk;0,fuajymonf/

udkyifa[*if?
ar - 29
&ufowåywfwpfywfvQif ESpf
Bud r f x uf y d k í nbuf t vk y f
qif;jcif;onf &ifom;uifqm
jzpfymG ;rIEiS hf qufpyfaeaMumif;
'def;rwfEdkifiHrS okawoDrsm;u
awGU&SdcJhonf/
,ckavhvmrIwiG f 'de;f rwf
ppfbuftwGuf 1964 rS 1999
ck E S p f txd t vk y f v k y f c J h a om

trsK;d orD;aygif; 18ç500 yg0ifNy;D
¤if;wdrY k mS 1929ESih1968
f
ckEpS Mf um;
arG ; zG m ;cJ h o l r sm;jzpf a Mumif ;
'de;f rwfuifqmysUH yGm;rI avhvm
a&;tifpwDusL'frS a'gufwm
*RefeD[efqefu ajymonf/
[efqefESifh vkyfazmfudkif
zufrsm;onf 1990 ESifh 2003
ckEpS Mf um; uifqma&m*gjzpfymG ;
cJhNyD; 2006 ckESpftxd touf
&Sifusefaeol trsKd;orD; 210

,mwpfckudk zefwD;wDxGifEdkifcJh
aMumif; od&onf/ tqdkyg a&m
*gprf ; oyf o nh f ud & d , mrS m
H5N1 Adkif;&yfpfrsm;udk wpfBudrf
prf;oyf½kHjzifh wdusrI 100 &m

csuf t vuf r sm;t& nbuf
tvk y f q if ; cJ h o l r sm;wG i f &if
om;uifqmjzpfyGm;rI 40 &mckdif
EIef; ydkrsm;aeaMumif;awGU&Sd&
onf [ k Occpational and
Environment *sme,fwGif ok
awoD r sm;rsm;u wif j yxm;
onf/
—Ref: BBC

AdkufcJG arG;zGm;vmaom uav;rsm; t0vGefEkdifzG,f&Sd
abmfpwGef? ar - 29
orm;½kd;usr[kwfbJ AdkufcJGí
arG ; zG m ;aom uav;i,f r sm;
onfi,fpOfwGif t0vGefjcif;
tEÅ&m,f&SdaMumif; tar&duef
ok a woD r sm;u ajymonf /
,if;odkYaom uav;i,frsm;
wGifyef;em&ifusyf a&m*gjzpf
yGm;Edkifajcjrifhwufaeonfudk
vnf ; ok a woD r sm;u awG U &S d
xm;NyDjzpfonf/
,ckavhvmrIwGif 1999
rS 2002 ckESpftxd tar&duef
EdkifiH rufqmcsL;qufjynfe,f
ta&SUydkif;wGif jyifyvlemXme
wGifvma&mufjyocJhonfh u
av;ESifh rdciftwJGaygif; 1255
wJGyg0ifcJhaMumif; abmfpwGef
NrKd U uav;aq;½krH S a'gufwmql
qefem[lu ajymonf/
rd c if r sm;tm; ud k , f 0 ef

aqmif c sd e f &uf o wå y wf 22
ywfrwdkifrD pwifprf;oyfavh
vmcJjh cif;jzpfNy;D uav;i,frsm;
tm; arG;zGm;csdefwGif wpfBudrf?
6 vwGifwpfBudrf? oHk;ESpfom;
t&G , f w G i f wpf B ud r f u d k , f t
av;csdefrsm; &,lcJhonf/
uav;aygif; 1255 OD;wGif
22 'or 6 &mckdifEIef;rSm Adkuf

iSufwkyfauG;a&m*g prf;oyfppfaq;Ekdifonfhud&d,m pifumylynm&Sifrsm; wDxGif
pifumyl?
ar - 29
pifumylodyÜHynm&Sifrsm;onf
H 5 N 1 iS u f w k y f a uG ; a&m*gud k
prf;oyfppfaq;Ekdifaom ud&d

tm; quf o G , f c J h o nf / ¤if ;
aemuf ,if;uifqmjzpfyGm;ol
trsK;d orD;rsm;tm; uifqma&m
*gr&Sdol trsKd;orD;aygif; 899
ESifhEdIif;,SOfavhvmcJhonf/
uifqma&m*gjzpfyGm;ol
trsK;d orD; 141OD;ESihf uifqmr&Sd
ol 551 OD ; u 28 rsuf E S m &S d
tao;pdwaf r;cGe;f rsm;udk jynfph kH
atmifjznfhpGufcJhMuonf/ ¤if;
ppf w rf ; rS xG u f & S d v maomt

ckdifEIef;jzifh vsifjrefpGmod&SdEkdif
aMumif;qdkonf/ ud&d,mudk wD
xGifcJhonfh ynm&Sifrsm;rSm wef
awmufqifaq;½kHrS aq;odyÜH
ynm&Sifrsm;ESifh pifumylodyÜH

ESifhenf;ynm okawoe at
*sifpDvufatmuf&Sd ukxHk;qdkif
&mprf;oyfrIXmerS ynm&Sifrsm;
jzpfonf/
,ck t opf x k w f v k y f c J h

cJGí arG;zGm;cJhonf/ avhvmrI
t&AdkufcJGí arG;zGm;aom u
av;i,frsm;ESifh rdcifrsm;onf
orm;½dk;us arG;zGm;aom u
av;ES i f h rd c if r sm;xuf ud k , f
tav;csdefydkrsm;aeMuaMumif;
okawoDrsm;u awGU&SdcJhonf/
xdt
Yk jyif ¤if;rdcifrsm;rSm uav;
i,frsm;udk rdcifEdkYwdkufauR;rI

umvvnf ; wd k a wmif ; Mu
onf/

AkdufcJGí arG;zGm;cJhaom
uav;i,f r sm;onf oH k ; ES p f
om;t&G,fa&mufvmcsdefwGif
orm;½d k ; us uav;rsm;xuf
t0vGefaerI ta&twGuf ESpf
q&Sad Mumif;vnf; okawoDrsm;
uawGU&SdcJhMuonf/ —Ref: UPI

aom H 5N 1 Adkif;&yfpfppfonhf
prf;oyfa&;ud&d,mudk ta&SU
awmif t m&S aq;½k H r sm;wG i f
prf;oyfoHk;pJGNyD; jzpfaMumif;od
&onf/ tqkyd gprf;oyfa&;ud&d
,mudkpifumyl\ AIT Biotech
aq;uka&; ud&d,mxkwfvkyf

a&;vkyfief;rS a'owGif;ü aps;
uGufwifa&mif;cs&ef vkdifpif
oabmwlpmcsKyf csKyfqdkvuf
rSwfa&;xdk;NyD;jzpfaMumif; od&
onf/
—Ref: CNA

Vol.10,
Vol.11, No.13
No.13  June
June 16
7 ,, 2012
2011

rEÅav;usKH;ab; ygazmifhrefY jychJonfh tEkynm&SifokH;OD; w&m;pJGcH& bDvl;acsmif;xJ
nDnDaZmf
rEÅav;? ZGef-1
rEÅav;NrdKU eef;NrdKU½dk;usKH;ab;wGif tEkynmygazmifhrefYjyocJhol tEk
ynm&SifokH;OD; w&m;pJGqdkcHxm;&aMumif; owif;&&Sdonf/
ar 24 &uf eHeufu usKH;ab;yvufzmif;ay:wGif yef;csDyef;yk
oifwef;zGiv
hf pS x
f m;ol OD;pl;jrifo
h ed ;f ? yef;csq
D jGJ cif;ESihf ygazmifrh efY tEk
ynmjyjcif;rsm;udk vkyu
f ikd af eol udrk ;kd puf? uAsmESihf "mwfyq
Hk &marmif
eDO;D wdo
Yk ;Hk OD;ESit
hf wl rav;&Sm;Ekid if rH S tEkynm&Siif g;OD;wko
Yd nf tEk
ynmygazmifhrefYjyuGufrsm;udk jyocJhonf/
¤if;wko
Yd nf yvufazmif;oef&Y iS ;f a&;jyKvyk af eonfh ykpH ?H yvuf

azmif;udk rD;yljzifw
h u
dk jf cif;? acgif;avmif;ao;ao;av;rsm; cE¨mud,
k f
tESHY csdwfqJGvIyfcwfjcif; tp&Sdonfh tEkynmygazmifhrefYrsm; jyocJh
onf[k udk,fwkdifMunfh½IcJholrsm;u ajymonf/
]]c½kid &f rJ LS ;u ac:,lawGUqkjH cif; cH0efuwdeYJ vufrw
S x
f ;dk Ny;D oGm;
wmudk trSwf(2)&Jpcef;u jyefw&m;pJGwmyg}} [k ygazmifhrefYjyocJh
onfh yef;csyD ef;ykoifwef;zGiv
hf pS x
f m;ol OD;pl;jrifo
h ed ;f u ajymonf/ yg
azmifhrefYjyocJhonfh ¤if;wdkYokH;OD;udk ar 27 &ufu 1964 ckESpf yk'fr
(11) pmMunfw
h u
dk jf ywku
d Ef iS hf jyyJrG sm;Bu;D Muyftyk cf sKyaf &;Oya'txl;
ESit
hf axGaxGjzifh w&m;pJq
G x
dk m;um rav;&Sm;Ekid if o
H m; tEkynm&Sif
ig;OD;udkrl jynfESif'Pfay;cJhaMumif; owif;&&Sdonf/

vkdifpifrJh
,mOfwpfpD;
rEåav;wGif zrf;rd
nDnDaZmf
rEÅav;? ZGef-1
vdkifpifrJh wdk,kdwmawmif;ath
,mOfwpfpD; rEÅav;NrdKUwGif zrf;
rdcJhaMumif; owif;&&Sdonf/
{NyDv 28 &ufu rEÅav;
NrdKU 83? 84 Mum; 22 vrf; t
uGuf 161 &Sd aetdrfrS zrf;qD;
cJjh cif;jzpfNy;D ,mOfyidk &f iS rf mS xGuf
ajy;wdrf;a&SmifaeaMumif; od&
onf/ oGi;f ukex
f w
k u
f ek f Oya'
yk'fr (5-1)? usifhxHk;Oya'yk'f
r (512)? y(237)jzihf trSwf
(5)&Jpcef;u trIzGihfta&;,l
xm;aMumif; owif;&&Sdonf/
{NyD 24 &ufuvnf; csrf;jrom
pnfNrdKUe,f? &Srf;uav; uRef;
aus;&GmteD;wGif 5*^4908 eH
ygwfwyfqifxm;onfh pDvDum
trsKd ;tpm; tjzLa&mif NyKd iu
f m;
wpfpD;udk ,mOfpnf;urf;? vrf;
pnf;urf; yl;aygif;ppfqifa&;
tzGJUu ppfaq;&m ukef;vrf;ydkY
aqmifa&; ñTefMum;rIOD;pD;Xme
wGif rSwfyHkwifxm;onfh ,mOf

zrf;qD;&rdonhf vkdifpifrJh,mOf

r[kwaf Mumif;od&ojzihf w&m;
r0if,mOfEiS t
fh wl armif;ESio
f l
wdt
Yk m; csr;f jrompnfNrKd Ue,f t
rSwf(10) &Jpcef;wGif (y)153^
12 oGif;ukefxkwfukef Oya'
yk'fr 5(1)t& ta&;,lcJhonf/
rEÅav;wkid ;f a'oBu;D ,mOf
pnf;urf;xde;f odr;f a&; BuD;Muyf
rIaumfrwD\ vrf;ñTefrIESihft
nD rEÅav;,mOfxed ;f &JwyfzUJG u
oufqidk &f mXmersm;ESifh yl;aygif;
í vkid pf ifr,
Jh mOfrsm;ukd pDrcH suf
jzifh zrf;qD;ppfaq; ta&;,l
aqmif&Gufvsuf&SdaMumif; o
wif;&&Sdonf/

a&upm;&mrS trsdK;orD;oHk;OD;
a&epfaoqHk;

BuD;jrifhEdkif(vdGKifaumf)
vGdKifaumf? ar-28
u,m;jynfe,f? vGdKifaumfNrdKU
e,f? yefuef;aus;&Gmtkyfpk? rHI
jymaus;&GmteD; bDv;l acsmif;xJ
wGif arv 21 &uf eHeuf 10
em&Dcefu
Y trsKd ;orD;i,f av;OD;
a&upm;Mu&mrS a&epfojzihf
oH;k OD;aoqH;k um wpfO;D omu,f
q,fEkdifcJhaMumif; od&onf/
tqdkygaeY eHeuf 9 em&D
tcsdefwGif vGdKifaumfNrdKU? rdkif;vHk;
&yfuGuf&Sd u,m;zl;arwåm&dyf
rGefrdbrJha*[mae raemfav;
jrmvl';D (18)ESp?f ryk;d pE´m atmif
(12ESpf)? raemfar&D*sL; (17ESpf)
ESifh rEd&k if;(13ESp)f wdo
Yk nf twl
ae tjcm;uav;i,frsm;ESihft
wl c½kaumuf&ef bDvl;acsmif;
odYk a&muf&cdS MhJ uNy;D eHeuf 10 em&D
cefYwGif ¤if;wdkYav;OD; a&upm;
&if; epfjrKyfcJhjcif;jzpfonf/
xdktcsdefwGif bDvl;acsmif;

wpfzufurf;ü ig;rQm;aeaom
rIHjymaus;&Gmae OD;qef;OD; (45
ESpf) u awGUjrifNyD; vma&muf
u,fq,f&m rEd&k if;udo
k m u,f
q,fEdkifvdkufNyD; usefoHk;OD;rSm
a&epfoGm;cJhaMumif; od&onf/
a&ikyo
f rm; 20 OD;cef\
Y t
ultnDjzihf qufvuf&SmazG&m
xdkaeY rGef;vGJ 12 em&DcGJcefYwGif
raemfav;jrmvl'D;udk aoqHk;
vsufawGU&NyD; rrdk;pE´matmif
udk aq;½HkodkY ydkYaomfvnf; t
oufrrDcJhay/ raemfar&D*sL;\
tavmif;ukdrl tcif;jzpfyGm;NyD;
aemufwpfaeY ar 22 &uf eH
euf 8 em&DcefYwGif vGdKifaumf
NrdKU? r*Fvm&yfuGufteD; bDvl;
acsmif;urf;pyf&Sd ql;csHKwpfckü
NidwG,fvsuf awGU&Sd&onf/
vGKd iaf umf&pJ cef;u xdt
k rI
udk aorIaocif; trSwfpOf4^
2012 jzifh aqmif&GufaMumif;
od&onf/

qdk'D,rfqdkif,mEdk'f 10 uefESifh qufpyfypönf;rsm; w&m;r0ifa&Tvkyfief;wGif awGU&Sd
pkdif;vlrif;
aumvif;? ar-28
aumvif;NrdKUe,f? ozef;awmif
BudK;0dkif; tuGuftrSwf-27 t
wGif; (a'otac:) a&TrIefBuD;
awmifbkdYeDacsmif;teD; BudK;0dkif;
ajrtm; &Sif;vif;wl;qG&m w
&m;r0if a&Tvkyfief;qdkif,mEdk'f
csufuef vkkyfudkifaeolwdkYtm;
ppfaq;awGU&SdcJhaMumif; owif;
&&Sdonf/
wm0ef&do
S lrsm; oGm;a&muf
ppfaq;&mwGif OD;vSausmf aum

vif;NrdKUe,f? uRef;awmaus;&Gm
tm; a&Tcsuu
f efig;uefEiS fh quf
pyfypönf;rsm;ESihfvnf;aumif;?
OD;ñGefY0if; uRef;awmaus;&Gm
tm; a&Tcsufuef wpfuefESifh
quf p yf ypö n f ; rsm;ud k v nf ;
aumif;? OD;ausmfrif; anmifyif
om&Gmtm; a&TcsufuefjyKvkyf
&ef qufpyfypönf;rsm;udk vnf;
aumif;? OD;oef;0if; ajreDaus;
&Gmtm; a&TcsufuefoHk;uefESihf
quf p yf ypö n f ; rsm;uk d v nf ;
aumif;awGU&So
d rd ;f qnf; cJo
h nf/

,if;ae&modkY opfawmOD;
pD;Xme? &JwyfzGJU0ifrsm;? a&TBuD;
Muyfa&;tzGUJ wdY k yg0ifaom yl;aygif;
tzGJUu oGm;a&mufpOf OD;xGef;
jrifhatmifESihf OD;oef;0if;wdkY
xGu af jy;wdr;f a&SmifomG ;onf[k
qdkonf/ xdkYaemuf yl;aygif;t
zGJUu pGefYypfajrpmrsm;ESihf qdk'D
,rfqdkif,mEdk'f toHk;jyKaqmif
&Gufaeaom csufuef 10 uef
tm; "mwfjy,fap&ef xHk;rsm;
jzefYjzL;í uRJ? EGm; wd&pämefrsm;
tEÅ&m,fuif;ap&ef aqmif&u
G f

cJhMuonf/ OD;vSausmf? OD;ñGefY
0if;? OD;ausmrf if; oH;k OD;udk BuKd ;0dik ;f
awmwGifusL;ausm0f ifa&mufae
xkdifjcif;? BudK;0dkif;awmtwGif;
cGifhjyKrdefYr&&SdbJ ajrudk ckwfxGif
jcif;? &Si;f vif;jcif;? wl;qGjcif; (odYk
r[kwf) rlvtaetxm;udk ,dk
,Gif;apjcif;? ypönf; (odkYr[kwf)
aygufuaJG pwwf aomt&mrsm;
toHk;jyKcJhí ar 17 &ufu opf
awmOya' 40(u) (*) (C)t&
ta&;,l trIziG afh y;Ekid &f ef w&m;
½Hk;odkY wdkifMum;cJhonf/

16

Regional

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

jrefrm-b*Fvm;a'U&Sf e,fpyfukefoG,fa&;qkdif&mt&m&Sdrsm;
q|rtBudrf tpnf;ta0;wGif ESpfEdkifiHtcuftcJrsm; aqG;aEG;
armifuH
armifawm?
ZGef-2
jrefrm-b*Fvm;a'h&efS ,fpyfuek f
oG,fa&;qdkif&m t&m&Sdrsm; yl;
wGJvkyfief;tzGJU\ q|rtBudrf
tpnf;ta0;ukd arv 29 &uf
u ppfawGNrdKU&Sd ppfawG[dkw,f
ü usif;yjyKvkyfcJhonf/

aqG;aEG;yGw
J iG f ESpEf ikd if u
H ek f
oG,frIvkyfief;rsm;ü BuHKawGU
ae&onfh tcuftcJrsm;? uRJ
EGm;w&m;r0ifwifyrYkd EI iS fh rl;,pf
aq;0g;rsm;ESdrfeif;a&;udpörsm;
udk b*Fvm;a'h&SfEdkifiHbufrS t
av;xm;aqG;aEG;cJhNyD; jrefrmrS
wpfzufEdkifiH wuúezfqdyfurf;
wGif vkyfom;csxm;rIESihf qdyf

urf;wHwm; wifcscGifhenf;ae
jcif;? aevSef;qm;rsm; wifydkYEdkif
a&;? v,f,mxGufukefrsm; ,ck
xufwifyEYkd idk af &;ponhf udp&ö yf
rsm;udk tjyeftvSefaqG;aEG;cJh
aMumif; od&onf/
tqdkyg tpnf;ta0;wGif
jrefrmEkdifiHrS ppfawG e,fpyf
ukeo
f ,
G af &;pcef;rS 'kw,
d ñTef

Mum;a&;rSL; OD;eE´O;D aqmifNy;D ppf
awG armifawmrS Xmeqkdif&m
rsm;ESihf ukefonf pkpkaygif; 30
OD;ESihf b*Fvm;a'h&SfEkdifiH rS Mr.
Syed Md. Nurul Basir (Additional Deputy Commes-

od&onf/
jrefrm-b*Fvm;a'h&Sf e,f
pyfukefoG,fa&;qkdif&m t&m&Sd
rsm; yl;wGJvkyfief;tzGJU tpnf;
ta0;rsm;udk usif;yEkdif&eft
wGuf 2010 jynfhESpf? pufwif

bmv 22 &ufwiG b
f *Fvm;a'h&fS
EkdifiH 'gumNrdKUü usif;yaom
b*Fvm;a'h&Sf-jrefrm ukefoG,f
a&;yl;aygif;aumfr&Sif pwkwt
¬
Budrf tpnf;ta0;wGif n§dEIdif;
oabmwlnDcJhjcif;jzpfonf/

sioner (General) Cox's Ba-

OD;aqmifum t zGJU0if14
OD;wdkYu aqG;aEG;cJhMuaMumif;

zar)

rlq,f-rEÅav;tqif;vrf;wGif
rl;,pfaq;0g;
usyfodef;500 zdk;cefY zrf;qD;&rd
pdkif;omatmif
rEÅav;? ZGef-1
rEÅav;-rlq,fvrf; rdkifwdkif 78^5 wGif rlq,frS rEÅav;odkY
armif;ESifvmaom c&D;onfwif,mOfudk arv21 &ufu
vm;½dI;(rl;,pf)txl;tzGJUrS &SmazG&m rl;,pfaq; usyfodef;
500 zkd;cefY zrf;qD;&rdcJhonf/
ar 21 &ufn 12 em&Dcefu
Y vm;½d;I (rl;,pf) txl;tzGUJ rS
&Jtyk w
f ifaX;acgif;aqmifaomtzGUJ u tqdyk gc&D;onfwif
um;tm; &yfwefY&SmazG&m ,mOfay:pD;eif;vdkufygvmaom
rAsmrqm(b) OD;*sefwmESifh rAsmavtm(b) OD;*sefwm? erfh
awmifaus;&Gm? rlq,fNrdKUe,faeol nDtpfrESpfOD;xHrS yef;
a&mifpw
d <f uaq;jym; 124 xky?f aq;jym; 24800 jym;? tav;
csed f 2 'or 32 uDv*kd &rf cefrY eS ;f umvwefz;kd usyo
f ed ;f 500
cefYtm; &SmazGawGU&Sd odrf;qnf;&rdcJhonf/
rl;,pfaq;0g;o,faqmifol nDtpfrESpfOD;udk aemif
csKd&Jpcef;rS rl;,pfaq;0g;ESifh pdwfudkajymif;vJapaom aq;
0g;qkdif&myk'fr 15^19(u)^21 t& trIzGifhta&;,lxm;
aMumif; od&onf/

av;NrdKU jrpfa&tm;vQyfppf
pDrHudef;vkyfief;rsm; pwif
armifuH
ajrmufOD;? ar-29
&ckdifjynfe,ftwGif; vQyfppf
"mwftm; r*¾g0yftrsm;qH;k xkwf
vkyrf nfh av;NrKd Ujrpfa&tm;vQyf
ppfprD u
H ed ;f udkpwifwnfaqmuf
&ef jyifqifaeNyjD zpfaMumif; pHpk rf;
od&onf/
pDrHudef;wnfaqmufrnfh
ae&mrS m av;Nrd K Ujrpf n myd k i f ;
csif;jynfe,f? yvuf0NrdKUe,f
caAG acsaus;&GmteD;wGijf zpfNyD;
pDrHudef;vkyfief;rsm;pwifygu
jrpfurf;teD;&Sd aus;&Gmtrsm;pk
ae&majymif;a&TU&zG,&f adS Mumif;
od&onf/
vuf&SdwGif pDrHudef; vkyf
ief;rsm;pwif&eftwGuf vdt
k yf
aom ypö n f ; rsm;ud k ajrmuf
OD;NrdKUrSwpfqifh o,f,laeMu
aMumif; ajrmufO;D a'ocHwpfO;D

u ajymMum;onf/
]]a&tm;vQypf pfwnfaqmuf
vdkY &vmr,fh tusdK;tjrwfudk
wGufcsufovdk qHk;½IH;oGm;r,hf
obm0ywf0ef;usif? vlrIywf
0ef;usiu
f v
kd nf; xnfw
h u
G o
f ifh
ygw,f/tckjrpfurf;wpfavQmuf
rSm&SdwJh a'ocHawGu b,faeY
ajy;&rvJqdkwmudk pdk;&drfaeMu
ygw,f}}[k av;NrdKUjrpfurf;&Sd
yef;ajrmif;aus;&GmrS a'ocHwpf
OD;uvnf; ajymMum;onf/ &
ckdifjynfe,fwGif t"dujrpfBuD;
av;oG,&f o
dS nft
h euf av;NrKd U
jrpfrSm &ckdifa'ocHrsm;twGuf
'kwd,toHk;0ifqHk;jrpfjzpfNyD;
av;NrdKUjrpf&Sd csif;&Gmrsm;ESihf o
bm0ywf0ef;usifa'orsm;rSm
oGm;vmvnfywf&ef Ekid if jH cm;c
&D;oGm;rsm; pdwf0ifpm;Muonhf
a'owpfckvnf;jzpfonf/

17

Regional

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

v,f,majrtay: aMu;eDpGefYypfajr rzdkY&efvufyef;awmif;awmifaMu;eD
pDrHudef;½kH;a&SUwGif yxrqkH;tBudrfawmif;qdk
&efEkdifausmf
rkH&Gm? ar- 30
rkH&Gmc½dkif? qm;vif;BuD;NrdKUe,f?
vufyef;awmif;awmifaMu;eDpD
rHudef;½kH;(jrefrm0rfbdk½kH;)a&SU
wGif v,f,majrrsm;ay:üaMu;
eDpGefYypfajrrzdUk &eftwGuf vuf
yef;awmif;awmifajc aus;&Gm
rsm;jzpfaom 0ufarS;aus;&Gm?
qnfwnf; aus;&GmESifh rdk;BudK;
jyifaus;&Gmponfhaus;&Gmrsm;
rSa'ocHawmifol 200 ausmf
wdkYonf yxrqkH;tBudrf qE´jy
awmif;qdkjcif;udk ZGefv 2 &uf
naeydkif;wGif usif;ycJhaMumif;
od&Sd&onf/
]]'DaeY qE´jyawmif;qdk&
wJh taMumif;u NyD;cJhwJh arv
31 &ufu v,f,majrrsm; t
ay:rSmaMu;eDpeG yYf pfajrawGzUkd vdUk
wm;qD;&mu aus;&Gmawmifol
awGut
kd emw&jzpfatmifvuf
yef;awmif; awmifay:uae
ausmufw;Hk Bu;D awGweG ;f csw,f/
aemufNy;D aMu;eDprD u
H ed ;f 0efxrf;
w½kwfvlrsdK;wpfOD;u v,f,m
ajrtwGuu
f efu
Y u
G af ewJah wmif

ol trsdK;orD;awGudkrzG,fr&m
jyKrlqufqHcJhw,f/ 'gawGtm;
vkH;udk qm;vif;BuD;NrdKUe,fu
wm0ef&SdolawGu ajz&Sif;ay;
r,fqNkd y;D rajz&Si;f ay;wJt
h wGuf
tckvdk aMu;eDpDrHudef;½kH;a&SUudk
yxrqk;H qE´jyawmif;qdMk uwm
yg}} [k qm;vif;Bu ;D NrKd Ue,f? 0uf
arS;aus;&GmrS a'ocHawmifol
wpfOD;u ajymonf/

]]'DaeYawmif;qdkr,fh t
csufu(4)csufyg/ wm0ef&Sdol
awGuyxrqkH;tcsuftaeeJY
v,f,majrrsm;ay:rSmaMu;eD
pDrHudef; pGefYypfajrrzdkYatmif
awmif;qdw
k myg/'Dtcsuu
f kd jref
rm0rfbdkukrÜPDuwm0ef,lr
ajz&Sif;ao;bl;/aemufxyft
csufokH;csufudk aemufxyfig;
&ufaerSawmif;qdrk mS yg/'kw,
d
tcsuf u 0uf a rS ; aus;&G m u
jrefrmbkef;awmfBuD;ausmif;udk
csdwfydwfxm;&mu jyefvnfzGifh
vSpfay;&ef? wwd,tcsufu
0ufarS;aus;&Gmrlvwef;ausmif;
udkydwfxm;&mu jyefvnfoif
Mum;cGifhjyK&ef?pwkw¬tcsuft

jrefrm0rfqkdaMu;eDpDrHudef;½kH;a&SUwGif pka0;awmif;qkdaeMuaom a'ocHrsm;

aeeJ Y v,f , majrrsm;tay:
aMu;eDpDrHudef; taqmufttkH
rsm;aqmufvyk jf cif;rj yK&efpwJh
tcsufawG awmif;qdkoGm;zdkUpD
pOf x m;ygw,f / w½k w f E d k i f i H
om;awG&JUBuD;vTrf;rdk;rI? w½kwf
EdkifiHom;awG&JU twif;t"r®

om;r,m;jyKusifhrIawGudk um
uG,af y;zdUk vnf;awmif;qdo
k mG ;
rSmyg}}[k tqdyk gvufyef;awmif;
awmifaMu;eDprD u
H ed ;f ½k;H a&SUwGif
ud,
k w
f ikd q
f E´jyawmif;qdo
k w
l pf
OD;uajymonf/
]]tckawmif;qdak ewmaus;

ausmufBuD;a'orS tdrfajcrJhjynfolrsm; tpm;taomufvkdtyfae
atmifol&
ausmufBuD;? ar-28
&moDOwk azmufjyefjcif;aMumifh
u&if t rsKd ; om;tpnf ; t½k H ;
wyfr[m(3) atmuf&dS ausmuf
BuD;a'orS tdraf jcrJjh ynforl sm;
twGuf tpm;tpm vdktyfae
aMumif; owif;&&Sdonf/
aemfa0Ekid if jH cm;a&;0efBu;D
u tqkdyg tdrfajcrJhjynfolrsm;
tm; bmrsm;vdktyfygvJ[k ar;
&mwGif ]]yxrvGwfvyfpGm vkyf

udkifpm;aomufcGifheJY tpm;t
pmtwGuf tifrwefvdktyfae
ygw,f}} [k jyefvnfajzMum;cJh
onf/ aemfa0EkdifiH 'kwd,EkdifiH
jcm;a&;0efBuD;ESifhtzJGUonf ar
28 &ufu yJcl;wkdif;a'oBuD;
ausmufBuD;NrdKUodkY oGm;a&muf
um u&ifwkdif;&if;om;tdrfajc
rJh jynfolrsm;ESifh awGUqkHcJhonf/
]]awmif,mckwfwmvnf;
&moDOwku t&ifvdkrrSefawmh
pm;0wfaea&; tqifrajyjzpf

aewmaygh}} [k u&iftrsKd;om;
apat;ap&mu ajymonf/
tqkdyg awGUqkHyJGwGif aemf
a0EkdifiH vufaxmufEkdifiHjcm;
a&; 0efBuD;u wkdif;&if;om; a'
orsm;&Sd tdrfajcrJh jynfolrsm;
twGuf tar&duefa':vm ig;
oef;okH;pJG&ef vsmxm;aMumif;
ajymMum;cJhonf/
xd k a xmuf y H h r I t pD t pOf
wGif pm;0wfaea&;ESifh jyefvnf
xlaxmifa&;vkyfief;rsm; yg0if

aMumif;ESifh rMumrD xkdif;EkdifiH
csi;f rkid Nf rKd UodYk oGm;a&mufí wkid ;f
&if;om;tzJUG tpnf;rsm;ESihf awGU
qk H aqG ; aEG ; oG m ;rnf [ k ajym
Mum;cJhonf/
&moDOwk azmufjyefjcif;
udk tdraf jcrJo
h rl sm;omru jynf
wGif;wGif v,f,mvkyfief; vkyf
udkifaeolrsm;yg BuHKawGUcHpm;
ae&NyD; awmifolrsm;rSmvnf;
pD;yGm;a&;usyfwnf;rIESihf &if
qkdifae&onf/

avjyif;wdkufcwfrIaMumifh ykvJESifh ueDNrdKUe,ftwGif;
aus;&GmaetdrftcsdKU ysufpD;
&efEdkifausmf
rHk&Gm?
ZGef-1
rkH&Gmc½dkif ykvJNrdKUe,fESifh ueD
NrdKU e,ftwGif; ,ckESpf arv
26 &uf naeydkif;u wdkufcwf
aom avjyif;aMumifh aus;&Gm&Sd
vl a etd r f t csd K U acgif r d k ; rsm;
ysufpD;cJhojzifh jyefvnfjyKjyif
cJh&aMumif; tqdkyg aus;&Gma'
ocH awmifolrsm; ajymjycsuf

t& od&onf/
]]arv 26 &uf nae 5
em&DcGJ0ef;usifrSm wdkufcwfwJh
avjyif;aMumifh aetdrfESpfvkH;
trdk;awG ysufpD;oGm;w,f/ t
csd K U td r f a wG r S m vnf ; acgif
rd k ; awG vef o G m ;wm&S d w ,f /
vufawmif;BuD;aus;&Gmaetdrf
tcsd K Uvnf ; acgif r d k ; awG vef
ukefw,f/ tdrfawmfawmfrsm;
rsm; jyefjyifae&w,f}}[k ykvNJ rKd U

e,f uk u ú d K pk a us;&G m a'ocH
awmifolwpfOD;u ajymonf/
]]awmifay: vlaewJawG
awmh avjyif;aMumifh ysufwm
pD;wm &Sdwmaygh/ avu awmf
awmfjyif;w,fqdkawmh aetdrf
tcsdKU acgifrdk;vefwmavmuf
awmh&w
dS ,f/NyKd vo
J mG ;wmawmh
r&S d y gbl ; / arv 26 &uf n
aeydkif;rSm avjyif;wdkufvdkY tdrf
acgif a wG vef w mawmh yk v J ?

,if;rmyifeJY ueDNrdKUe,fawGrSm
jzpfoGm;w,f}} [k ueDNrdKUe,f?
rk&H mG -,mBu;D vrf; a'ocH awmif
olrsm; ajymMum;onf/
rkH&Gm c½dkiftwGif; arv
28 &ufwGif avjyif;wdkuf cwf
rIrsm; jzpfay:cJhonfh aemufydkif;
ae&mtESHUtjym; rdk;onf;xef
pGm&GmoGef;cJhaMumif; owif;&
&Sdonf/

&GmtwGufxufEdkifiHydkifpdkufysdK;
ajrrysufpD;a&;twGuft"du
awmif;qdkwmyg/rGef;vGJ 2 em&D
upNyD; v,f,majrrsm;ay:rSm
pGeyYf pfajrrzdUk atmifawmif;qdak e
ayr,fh nae 6 em&D0ef;usifrSm
vufyef;awmifBuD;&JU ajrmuf

buf azmif;um;aus;&GmteD;
rSmawmifNzdKrdkif;wpfvkH;azmuf
cGaJ eqJjzpfovdk v,f,majrt
ay:rSm pGeyYf pfajrawGzUkd aeqJyg}}
[k azmif;um;aus;&Gm a'ocH
wpfOD;uajymonf/
,ck E S p f q ef ; rS p í v,f
,majrrsm;tay: aMu;eDpGefYypf
ajrpGefYypfjcif;aMumifh vufyef;
awmif;awmifteD;wpf0dkufa'
ocH r sm;uef Y u G u f r I r sm;rMum
cPjzpfay:cJhonfhaemufydkif;
ZGefv2 &ufaeUrGef;vGJ 2 em&D
tcsed w
f iG f vufyef;awmifteD;
wpf0dkufaus;&Gma'ocH wpf&m
cefY pwifqE´jycJh&mrS ,if;aeY
n&Spfem&DcGJtcsdefwGif 0ufarS;
aus;&G m ? qnf w nf ; aus;&G m ?
azmif;um;aus;&Gm? ausmf&Gm
aus;&Gm? rdk;BudK;jyifaus;&Gm? ZD;
awmaus;&G m ? azmif ; uwm
aus;&Gm ponfhaus;&Gmrsm;rS
a'ocHawmifol 300 ausmfrSm
v,f,m ajrtwGif;aMu;eDpGefY
ypfajrvkH;0rpGefYypf&efawmif;
qdkvsuf&SdaMumif; od&Sd&onf/

orif&yfaus;&Gm pdkufysdK;ajrtcsdKYpdkufysdK;a&;ukrÜPDBuD;rsm;
0ifa&mufxGef,ufjcif;udk awmifolrsm; uefUuGuf
&efEdkifausmf
rHk&Gm? ZGef-1
rkH&Gmc½dkif ,if;rmyifNrdKUe,f o
rif&yf (orifowf) aus;&Gm&Sd
ESrf;? yJpif;ikH pdkufysdK;NyD; v,f,m
ajrtcsdKUtm; pdkufysdK;a&; ukrÜ
PD r sm;rS puf , EÅ & m;BuD ; rsm;
jzifh 0ifa&mufxGef,ufjcif;udk
tqdkyg aus;&Gma'ocHrsm;u pk
aygif;uefYuGufcJhonf/

]]'DESpf yJpif;ikHeJY ESrf;awG
pd k u f y sd K ;NyD ; csd e f r S m uk r Ü P D u
puf , EÅ & m;awG vma&muf
xGef,ufwmyg/ pufBuD;awG
pxGefcsdefrSm oGm;wm;wJh tcsdef
rSm ukrÜPDydkifajrjzpfvdkY xGefwm
vdkY ajymygw,f/ 'DajrrSm "m;r
OD;cs vkyfudkifvmwm ESpfaygif;
30 ausmf M umNyD / 2006ck E S p f
aemufydkif; MuufqlpdkufysdK;a&;
pD r H u d e f ; qd k N yD ; awmif o l a wG
vkyfudkifpm;aomufaewJh ,m
ajrawGudk ukrÜPDydkiftjzpf p
od r f ; wm/tJ ' D t csd e f w k e f ; u
wif0if;xGef;ukrÜPDu Muuf
qlpdkufcif;awGvkyfcJhwm tck
pufBuD;awGeJY xGeaf ewm oEÅm
at;atmifurk P
Ü u
D vma&muf
vkyu
f ikd w
f mvdYk ajymw,f/ orif
&yfu awmifolawG vkyfudkif
pm;aomufwJh v,f,majr{u

(50)eD;yg;rSm pdkufysdK;NyD;wJh ajr
awGa&m rpdkuf&ao;wJh ajrawG
a&m pufBu;D awGeYJ xGeaf e w,f}}
[k ,if;rmyifNrdKUe,f orif&yf
aus;&Gmawmifow
l pfO;D u ajym
onf/ ]]orif&yfaus;&Gmuawmif
olawG v,f,majrawG vkyu
f ikd f
pm;aomufaewm ESpfaygif;okH;
q,fausmfMumNyD/ MuufqlqD
pDrHudef;qdkNyD; ajrawGodrf;awmh
awmifolawG rajym&JvdkY Nidrfae
cJh&w,f/tck Muufqlpdkufcif;
awG u vnf ; zsuf q D ; NyD ; NyD q d k
awmh awmifolawGvnf; vuf
ikwv
f uf&if; ajrawGukdjyefvckd sif
wmaygh/ opfawmpdu
k cf if;xJu
ajrawGu"kd m;rOD;cs ckwx
f iG &f iS ;f
vif;cJhNyD; ukrÜPDu odr;f cJw
h m
qdak wmh awm&Si;f ceJY xGecf ,uf
cawmif r&cJholawG&Sdw,f}} [k
orif&yfaus;&Gm a'ocHawmif
olwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/

,if;rmyifNrdKUe,fESifh ueD
NrdKUe,ftwGif; v,f,majrt
csdKUtm; 2006ckESpfrSpí NcHpnf;
½d;k Muufqpl u
kd cf if;rsm;tjzpfXme
qdkif&mrsm;ESifh wif0if;xGef;ukrÜ
PD? oEÅmat;atmif ukrÜPD
ponfh pdu
k yf sKd ;a&;ukrP
Ü D rsm;u
0ifa&mufvkyfudkifcJhjcif; jzpf
aMumif; od&Sd&onf/

18

Regional

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

urÇmYtarGtESpf xdef;odrf;a&;a'orsm;tjzpf jynfBuD;wHcGefNrdKUe,f
jrefrma'ooHk;ckudk ,leufpudkokdYwifjyrnf
NrdKYuGufopftcsdKUwGif
ajr,mtjiif;yGm;rIaMumifh
0,fa&mif;aps;uGuf&yfqdkif;
tdjzLrGef

&efukef?
ar-30
tmqD , H t arG t ES p f O,smOf
rsm;wGif yg0ifonfh trsKd;om;
O,smOfEpS cf Ek iS hf jrifrh &kd v
f ufcwf
0ef;usifa'owdkYudk urÇmhtarG
tESpf xdef;odrf;a&;a'orsm;
tjzpf ,leufpudkodkY wifjyrnf
jzpfaMumif; obm00ef;usifESifh
om;iSufwd&pämef xdef;odrf;a&;
OD;pD;XmerS owif;&&Sdonf/
,if;a'ookH;cktm; urÇmh
tarGtESpfxdef;odrf;a&;a'o
rsm;tjzpf todtrSwfjyK&ef t
wGuf uGif;qif;avhvmNyD; wd
usaom tcsuftvufrsm; &&Sd
pkaqmif;aqmif&GufrIrsm; jyK
vkyaf eaMumif; txufygXmerS
wm0ef&o
dS w
l pfO;D u ajymonf/
ucsifjynfe,fwGif&Sdaom
cgumbdk&mZDtrsKd;om;O,smOf?
ppf u d k i f ; wk d i f ; a'oBuD ; &S d t
avmif;awmfuóy trsKd;om;
O,smOfESifh weoFm&Dwkdif;a'o
BuD;&Sd jrifhrkd&fvufcwf0ef;usif

a'owdkY jzpfonf/ urÇmhtarG
tESpfpm&if;odkY yxrqkH; wifjy
rnfjzpfNyD; 10 ESpftwGif; wif
jyEkdif&ef vkyfaqmifoGm;rnf[k
od&onf/
urÇ m h t arG t ES p f p m&if ;
wGif xdef;odrf;a&;e,fajrrsm;

tjzpf jrefrmEkdifiHrS pm&if;r0if
cJhaomfvnf; tmqD,HtarGt
ESpf O,smOftjzpfowfrSwfjcif;
cH&onfhtrsK;d om;O,smOfajcmuf
ck&Sdonf/
ta&SUawmiftm&Sa'o
rsm;&Sd obm0xde;f odr;f a&;e,f

ajr 27 ckudk tmqD,HtarGt
ESpOf ,smOfrsm;tjzpf owfrw
S cf hJ
&m jref r mEk d i f i H o nf obm0
xdef;odrf;a&;e,fajrajcmufck
owfrw
S jf cif;cH&aomaMumifh t
a&SUawmiftm&SwGif ta&t
wGuf trsm;qkH;EkdifiHjzpfonf/

wpfydkifwpfEkdifukefoG,folrsm;xHrS aps;aumufcaumufcHrI
&yfqdkif;xm;aomfvnf; XmetcsdKU aumufcHaeqJ[kqdk
armifuH
armifawm? ar-31
armifawme,fpyfESihf b*Fvm;a'h&SfEdkifiH wuúeufzfodkY aeYpOf ul;oef;oGm;vmaeMuonfh wpf ydkifwpfEdkifukefoG,folrsm;xHrS aps;aumufc
aumufcrH u
I kd &yfqikd ;f vdu
k Nf yDjzpfaomfvnf; XmetcsKd Uu aiGaMu;aumufcrH t
I csKd U&Sad eqJjzpfaMumif; wpfyikd w
f pfEidk u
f ek o
f ,
G o
f rl sm;u ajym
Mum;onf/
]]aps;aumufc? qdyu
f rf;cGeaf wGuakd wmh vH;k 0raumufawmhygbl;/ 'gayrJh Xmeqkid &f m wpfcu
k awmh qufNy;D awmh aumufcaH eygw,f/ t
xkwfwpfxkwfudk wpfaxmif? wpfaxmifhig;&musyfaumufcHaeygw,f}} [k wpfydkifwpfEdkifukefoG,folwpfOD;u ajymonf/
tqdkygudpöESihfpyfvsOf;í {NyDv 24 &ufu usif;ycJhonhf armifawme,fpyfukefoG,frI jr§ifhwifa&;tpnf;ta0;wGif e,fpyfa'o vl
0ifrIppfaq;a&;uGyfuJrIXmecsKyf uGyfuJa&;rSL;rS wpfzufEkdifiHodkY aeYcsif;jyef ul;oef;a&mif;0,faqmif&Gufaeaom ukefonfi,frsm;\
tcuftcJudk od&SdatmifvkyfNyD; tqifajyatmif ajz&Sif;ay;&rnfjzpfaMumif; oufqkdif&mXmeqdkif&mrsm;ukd rSmMum;cJhaMumif; od&onf/

a&wkdufpm;rIaMumihf rl;jrpfurf;yg;NydKí udk,fxlukd,fx a&vTJwrH wnfaqmufvmMu
pkdif;vlrif;
yifvnfbl;? ar-28
yifvnfbl;NrdKUwGif ESpfpOfrdk;&m
oD a&wkdufpm;rIaMumihf rl;jrpf
urf;yg;NydKum rl;jrpfurf;yg;&Sd
aetdrfrsm; rMumcP ajymif;
a&T U &onf h 'k u © E S i h f B uH K awG U &
ojzih f Nrd K Uay:a'ocH r sm;u
udk,fxlukd,fx a&vTJwrHtm;
Nrd K Ua'ozG H U Nzd K ;a&;&ef y H k a iG r S
usyfodef; 200 ESihf NrdKUay:&yf
uGuf a'ocHrsm;u usyfodef;
100 xnfh0ifí wnfaqmuf

aeaMumif; od&onf/
a&wdu
k pf m;urf;NyKd rt
I ajc
taersm;tm; wdkif;a'oBuD;
a&t&if ; tjrpf t zG J U u uG i f ;
qif;ppf aq;wdik ;f wmcJNh y;D wnf
aqmuf rnfyh MkH urf;xkwí
f vTwf
awmf udk,fpm;vS,frsm;ESifh Xme
qdik &f m ud,
k pf m;vS,rf sm;rS teD;
uyfBuD;Muyfum a&ay: 5 ay?
tjrihf 13 ay ydik ½f u
kd Nf y;D yxra&
umwef;udk tvsm; 112 ay? teH
8 ay? tjrifh 5 aytjzpfvnf;
aumif;? 'kwd, a&umwef;udk

tvsm; 134 ay? teH 8 ay?
tjrifh 5 aytjzpfvnf;aumif;?
wwd,a&umwef;tm; tvsm;
134 ay? teH 8 ay? tjrihf 5
aytjzpfvnf;aumif; ausmuf
pDxnhfum wnfaqmufvsuf
&S d a Mumif ; Nrd K Ue,f p nf y if o m
,ma&; trIaqmift&m&Sd OD;
odef;aqGjrifhu ajymMum;onf/
ESpfpOf a&wdkufpm;urf;yg;
Nyd K &jcif ; rS m wpf E S p f x uf w pf
ES p f r sm;jym;vmaom vl O D ; a&
aMumihf wdk;csJUv,f,mpdkufysdK;

jcif;? awmrD;avmifjcif;? a&T
wl;azmfjcif;wdkYaMumihf a&a0
a&vTJ opfawmrsm; ysufpD;í
ajrNydKajrwdkufpm;rIrsm; jzpfay:
NyD; rl;jrpftwGif; oJEkef;ydkYcsrI
rsm;jym;vmum a&vrf;aMumif;
ajymif;vJí urf;yg;NydK&jcif;jzpf
onf/ tqdkyga&vTJwrHNyD;pD;
oGm;ygu a&wkdufpm;rI uif;
a0;NyD; oJEkef;ydkYcsrI enf;yg;oGm;
Ek d i f a omaMumih f obm0ywf
0ef;usix
f ed ;f odr;f &m a&mufonf
[k od&onf/

pkdif;omatmif
rEÅav;? ZGef-1
rEÅav;NrKd U jynfBu;D wHceG Nf rKd Ue,f
00ESihf wwwdkYwGif awmifol
rsm;ESihf ve 39 csxm;jcif; cH&
olrsm;tMum; ajr,mtjiif;yGm;
rIrsm; &Sad eojzih?f 00 (Wa WA)?
ww (Ta Ta)wdkYwGif ajra&mif;
0,f r I r sm; r&S d o avmuf &yf
qdik ;f oGm;aMumif; ajryGpJ m;avm
urS pHpk rf;od&onf/
]]00u ajruGuaf wGu aps;
aumif;w,f/ NrdKUawmfpnfyif
u ta0;ajy;um;BuD;0if; wnf
aqmufaewm&,f/ pG,fawmf
bk&m;ta&SUbuf &efukef-rEÅ
av;vrf;rBu;D eJYrEÅav;-rlq,f
vrf;rBuD; azmufNyD; tJ'Dvrf;
ab;rSm vlaetdrfESihf aps;qdkif
cef ; awG wnf a qmuf a eMu
awmh pD;yGm;a&;orm;awGu t
0,fvu
kd v
f mMuw,f/ 00xJrmS
ay 40_ ay 60 ajrwpfuGuf
tenf;qH;k usyo
f ed ;f 200 uae
taumif;qHk;ae&m odef;aygif;
1500 txd aygufw,f/ tcsdKU
u ay 20 _ ay 30 ajruGuf
av;awG ykid ;f a&mif;w,f/ 'gay
rJh ,ckydkif&Sifu ESpfOD;jzpfae
w,f/ rlvydkif&Sifa'ocHv,f
orm;&,f? ve 39 csxm;ay;
jcif; cH&ol&,f jzpfaew,f/ tJ
'Dve 39 csxm;ay;jcif;cH&ol
awGrSm NrdKUrsufESmzkHk; pD;yGm;a&;
vkyif ef;&Siaf wGvnf;ygw,f/t
ckawmh tjiif;yGm;rIjzpfaeawmh

ajruGuaf wGu ta&mif;t0,f
rjzpfMuawmhygbl;}}[k tdrfNcH
ajra&mif;0,folwpfOD;u ajym
onf/
csr;f at;ompHNrKd Ue,frS a'
ocHwpfOD;u ]]NrdKUxJu bdk;bGm;
ydkifajrudk a&mif;NyD; 00xJu ay
40 _ ay 60 ajrwpfuGuf usyf
odef; 300 eJY 0,fvdkufw,f/
tJ'Dajrudk tdrfaqmufzdkY ajr
wdik ;f r,fvyk af wmh tjcm;ydik &f iS f
u &Sdaeao;awmh ajrwkdif;vdkY
r&bl ; / awmif o l u vnf ; 'D
v,fajrawGu olwdkYrodbJ t
odr;f cHxm;&vdaYk wmif olu ydik f
w,f/ ve 39 csxm;jcif;cH&
wJh vlawGu olwdkYu w&m;0if
ve 39 csxm;jcif;cH&vdkY olwdkY
ydik w
f ,fqNkd y;D tjiif;yGm;rIjzpfae
Muygw,f/ b,folrSefw,f?
b,forl mS ;w,fqw
kd muawmh
w&m;½Hk;uyJ qHk;jzwfEkdifvdrfh
r,f}} [k ¤if;\ tjrifudk ajym
onf/ tqdyk g 00ajruGuu
f kd w
&m;0ifcsxm;ay;jcif;cH&olwpf
OD;u ]]uRefawmf w&m;0if cs
xm;jcif;cH&wJh ajrudk oGm;Munfh
awmh ydkif&SifwpfOD;&SdaeNyD; 0if;
wk d i f a wG pd k ufxm;wmawGU&
w,f/ b,forl eS w
f ,f? rSm;w,f
qdkwmuawmh rEÅav;wkdif;a'
oBu;D tpd;k &tzGUJ eJY NrKd Uawmfpnf
yifeJY wm0ef&SdtzGJUtpnf;awG
yl;aygif;ajz&Sif;&ifawmh tajz
rSefxGufvmrSmyg}}[k ¤if;\ t
jrifudk ajymonf/

tr&yl&NrdKUvif;Zif;ukef;okomef
ZlvdkifvtNyD; ajymif;a&TUrnf
pkdif;omatmif
rEÅav;?
ZGef-1
rEÅav;NrKd Uawmf pnfyifom,m
a&;aumfrwDpDrHcefYcGJrIatmuf
&Sd tr&yl&NrKd Ue,f vif;Zif;uke;f
ok o mef t m; tNyD ; yd w f o d r f ;
awmhrnfjzpfaMumif; w&m;0if
xkwjf yefcsurf sm;t& od&onf/
tr&yl&NrdKUe,f vif;Zif;
ukef;okomeftm; Zlvkdif 1 &uf
wGiftNyD; ydwfodrf;rnfjzpfNyD;
vif;Zif;uke;f okomefwiG f *loiG ;f
jr§KyfESHxm;aom tkwf*lrsm;tm;
ajymif;a&TUvdkolrsm;onf MumeD
uefoo
k mefoYkd ZGef 30 &uftNy;D

wpf v twG i f ; a&T U ajymif ; Mu
&efESihf tkwf*la&TUajymif;vkdol
rsm;onf NrdKUawmfpnfyifoefY
&Si;f a&;Xme (eef;a&SUaps;tay:
xyf)odkY qufoG,fyg&ef tkwf
*lydkif&Sifrsm;tm; today;aMu
nmxm;onf/
tr&yl&NrdKU vif;Zif;ukef;
okomefonf ,cifxdkif;bk&if
tEG,fawmfrsm; jr§KyfESHxm;rI &Sd
aom tr&yl&NrKd U\ a&S;a[mif;
okomefjzpfNy;D xif&mS ;ausmMf um;
aom ordkif;ynm&Sif? ordkif;yg
armu© a'gufwmoef;xGef;\
tkwf*lAdrmefvnf;&SdaMumif;od
&onf/

19

Opportunity

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

tedrfhqHk;vpm Oya'jy|mef;owfrSwfa&; aqG;aEG;Ekdifjcif;r&Sdao;
tdjzLvGif
&efukef? ar - 31
tedrfhqHk;vpmudk Oya'jy|mef;owfrSwfay;Edkifa&;twGuf jynf
axmifpt
k pd;k &udw
k u
kd w
f eG ;f aMumif;tqdu
k kd jynfaxmifpk vTwaf wmf
wGif aqG;aEG;&eftwGuf vTwaf wmfyxrtBurd f usi;f ypOfuyif wif
oGi;f cJah omfvnf; ,ckcsed t
f xd aqG;aEG;Edik jf cif; r&Sad o;aMumif;tqdk
wifoGif;cJhol trsKd;om;vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,fwpfOD;u ajymMum;
onf/
]]tckqdk &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIawG pa&mufvmawmhr,f? jyóemawG
u pwufaeNy/D 'gawG aMumifh tapmBu;D uwnf;u 'Dtedrq
hf ;kH vpm
owfrSwfay;EdkifzdkYtwGuftqdkwifcJhwmyg}} [k tqdkyg trsKd;om;
vTwfawmfudk ,fpm;vS,fu ajymMum;onf/
vTwfawmfyxrtBudrf usif;ypOfwGif tpdk;&tzGJU zGJUpnf;a&;
jyKvkyfae&ojzifh tqdkudkaqG;aEG;&ef tcsdefr&&SdcJhbJ vTwfawmf

YELLOW PAGES DIRECTORY

(1) Marketing r (1) OD;
(2) ,mOfarmif; usm; (2) OD;
trS w f (365-367)? 'k w d ,
xyf? AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;vrf;?
yef;bJwef;NrdKUe,f? &efukefNrdKU/
zkef; - 242758
--------------------------0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf
(1) Marketing usm;^r (2) OD;
(2) Admin Manager

usm;^r (2) OD;

(3) Marketing Executive

usm;^ r (5) OD;

(4) Accountant r (5) OD;
(5) Sale Promoter r (5) OD;
(6) Office Staff r (1) OD;

trSwf (25)? tcef; (901- 902)
9vTm? ,kZepD;yGm;a&; wm0g? "r®

tm; ñTeMf um;csuaf y;avhay;xr&Sb
d J tajccHtvkyo
f rm; vpmEIe;f
xm;tm; tvkyo
f rm;tzGUJ tpnf;rsm;? tvky&f iS t
f zGUJ tpnf;rsm;ESihf
tpd;k &oH;k OD; aqG;aEG;í rdrEd ikd if t
H aejzifh oifah wmfrnfEh eI ;f xm;tm;
owfrw
S af vh&o
dS nf[k tvkyo
f rm;rsm;ESihf awGUqH&k mwGif ajymMum;cJh
H pfc\
k tedrq
hf ;kH vpmEIe;f xm; owf rSwaf y;&ef
onf/ ILO onf Edik if w
wm0efr&So
d jzifh tpd;k &u tvky&f iS ?f tvkyf orm;ud,
k pf m;vS,rf sm;
ESifhOD;aqmifaqG;aEG;í tedrfhqHk;vpmudk owfrSwfay;EdkifrSom ,ck
jzpfay:aeom qE´jyrIrsm;onf at;at;csrf;csrf;NyD;qHk;Edkifrnf[k
tvkyform; ta&;aqmif&Gufolrsm;u ajymMum;onf/
trsKd;om;vTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,fwpfOD;jzpfonfh a'gufwm
jrwfÓPpd;k uvnf; jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfwiG f jrefqefpmG aqG;aEG;
Ny;D tedrq
hf ;kH vpmowfrw
S af y;&ef aqG;aEG;Edik cf yhJ gu ,ckjyóemrsm;
yif jzpfay:vmp&mr&Sb
d J ,cktcsed o
f nf Edik if aH wmfrS y#dyu© rsm;ajz
&Si;f &ef vsijf refpmG aqmif &Gu&f rnft
h csed jf zpfonf[ak jym Mum;onf/

0 ef x rf ; t vdk &Sd o nf

Free Classified
0efxrf;tvdk&Sdonf
w½kwfpum;ajymuRrf;usif t
a&mif ; 0ef x rf ; tvk d & S d o nf /
r (2) OD;
zkef; - 09-73082878
--------------------------0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf
- ,mOfarmif; uRrf;usif usm;
(2) OD; (touf 25-35 ESpft
wGif;)
- taxGaxG0efxrf; usm; (4)
OD; (touf 20-30 ESpftwGif;)
zkef; - 09-73027733
--------------------------0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf
c&D;oGm;vkyif ef;wGifwm0efxrf;
aqmif&ef 0efxrf; r (3) OD;t
vkd&SDonf/
trS w f (271)? r[mAE¨ K v
yef;Ncv
H rf; (txufbavmuf)?
ausmufww
H m;NrKd Ue,f? &ef uke/f
zkef; - 01-252891
--------------------------0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf

'kwd,tBudrfwGif trsKd;om;vTwfawmfodkY jyefvnfwifjyonfht
cgv,form;ESifh jynfwGif;jynfy tvkyform;qdkif&m aumfrwDodkY
tqdkonf us,fjyefYNyD; bufpHkaxmifhpHkrS pOf;pm;&rnfh udpöjzpfojzifh
0dik ;f 0ef;aqG;aEG;ay;&ef vTwaf wmfOuú|u vTaJ jymif;ay;vdu
k jf cif;jzpf
onf[k od&onf/
,cktcsed w
f iG f jynfyEdik if o
H m;rsm; vma&muf &if;ES;D jrK§ yEf rHS rI sm;&Sd
aeonfh puf½rkH sm;wGif tajccHvpm enf;yg;rIaMumifh qE´jyrIrsm;quf
wdu
k jf zpfymG ;ae&m jrefrmEdik if t
H aejzifh rdrw
d EYkd ikd if rH S tvkyo
f rm;rsm;
\ tedrq
hf ;kH vkycf vpmudk owfrw
S af y;&ef ta&;BuD;onf[k tvkyf
orm;ta&; aqmif&Gufay;aeolrsm;u ajymMum;onf/
jrefrmEdik if w
H iG f tjynfjynfqikd &f m tvkyo
f rm;tzGUJ csK yfrS ud,
k f
pm;vS,f½Hk;vma&mufzGifhvSpfxm;NyD;jzpfaomfvnf; ILO tkyfcsKyfrI
tzGUJ Ouú|u Edik f iHwpfcck si;f wGif tajccHtvkyf orm;rsm;\ tedrq
hf ;kH
vpmEIef;xm; owfrSwf&eftwGuf ILO taejzifh ¤if;EdkifiH\ tpdk;&

apwDvrf;? prf;acsmif;NrdKUe,f/
--------------------------0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf
armfvNrKd iNf rKd Uay:&Sd tvSjyifqikd f
twG u f qH y if n § y f ? aumuf ?
ajzmifh? aq;qdk;? acgif;avQmf r
(1) OD; tvkd&Sdonf/ (ae-pm;)
Nidrf;-uRrf;usifrItay:rlwnf
í vpmaumif ; aumif ; ay;
rnf/
zkef; - 09-73790033
--------------------------Hotel 0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf
(1) qHyif (n§yf? avQmf? aumuf?
ajzmifh) uRrf;usif (2) OD;
(2) vufonf;? ajconf; yHkazmf
(3D? yef;csD) uRrf;usif (1) OD;
(3) trsKd;om;n§yf uRrf;usif
(1) OD;
zkef; - 09-50-97048
--------------------------0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf
avQmf? opfuRrf;usif r (2) OD;
ajconf ; ? vuf o nf ; ? yef ; csD
uRrf;usif r(2)OD;? ajcaxmuf
aq;pdrf r (2) OD;
zkef; - 09402567578
(jyifOD;vGif)
--------------------------0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf
pdk;pH (vif;) ukrÜPD
- (tdrf? NcH? ajr) Marketing +
ta&mif; r (5) OD;
- ,mOfarmif; usm; (3) OD;
("mwfyHk (2) yHk? rSwfyHkwifrdw¬K?
oef;acgifpm&if;rdwåL? &yfuGuf
axmufcHpmESifhtwl vludk,f
wdkifvma&muf avQmufxm;Edkif
ygonf)
trSwf (70)? yxrxyf? tif;
pdefvrf;? pH&dyfNidrfrSwfwdkift eD;?
urm&GwfNrdKUe,f/
---------------------------

0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf
a&Trif;om;tifwmy½du
k pf f ukrP
Ü D
vDrdwuf
1/ tdrNf caH jrvkyif ef; (Marketing) (10) OD;
trSwf (797)? tcef; (104^B)?
MAC Tower (II)? 0g;wef;vrf;
ESifh AdkvfcsKyfvrf;axmifh? vrf;r
awmfNrdKUe,f? &efukefNrdKU/
--------------------------0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf
odef;oef;yJG½kH
pma&;tvk&d o
dS nf/ bJUG &? tusihf
pm&dwaå umif;ol ESp&f n
S v
f yk Ef idk f
oljzpf&rnf/
zkef; - 09-73234132
--------------------------0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf
usm; (1) OD;? bJGU&/ touf (2025 ESp)f Japanese Language
uRrf;usifpGmajymqdkEkdif&rnf/
zkef; - 09-5132021
--------------------------0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf
pm&if;ppfvkyfief; (&efukef)
Assistant Auditor usm;^r
(5) OD; (B.Com/B.ActbJGU)
Admin Assistant r (2) OD;
(B.A (English) bJGU? English4 Skills) uRrf;usif&rnf/
zkef; - 01-663901
--------------------------0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf
1/ Admin Officer r (5) OD;
2/ w½kwf-jrefrm bmomjyef
usm;^r (10) OD;
3/ w½kwf-jrefrm usm;^r (10)
OD;
4/ Accountant usm;^r (10)
OD;
5/ Driver usm; (10) OD;
- bwfzdk; (ajrwl;puf)
- wkdZm (ajrnDpuf)

- Truck ukefum;
- Fransporter (u&def;um;)

tcrJhaMumfjimu@
-Advanced MS Office Skills
-Able to use Gmail and Face

No.Fl-8, Kantayar Rd, FMI
City, Hlaingthayar Tsp,
Yangon, Myanmar.

book

zkef; - 09-43063506
--------------------------0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf

- Excellent Phone manner

- Basic English and accounting Skills
and writing Skills (Myanmar)
Kamaryut-Junciton Square

AIS Advanced Info-Commu-

Building 6- (Edulink Austra-

nications & Solutions

lia Center)

1. Civil Engineer (AGTI, B.C

info@edulinkaustralia.com

Tech, BE) M (5) Posts
2. IT Support (A+) M (10)

--------------------------0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf

Posts

Regent Education Group

3. IT Administrator (MCSE,

- Registrar

MCP) M (5) Posts

- Admin Managers/HR

4. Network Engineer (N+,

Manager

CCNA, CCNP) M (10) Posts

- Education Counsellors

5. Web Programmer (HTML,

- Course Co-ordinators

CSS, PHP, J2SE, MSQC, Or-

- Secretaries

cal) M/F (20) Posts

- Marketing Manager/ Ex-

0efxrf;tm;vHk; vkyfouf (2)
ESpfESifh t*Fvdyfpm 4Skills ajym
Ekdifolrsm;OD;pm;ay;rnf/
trSwf (004)? ajrnDxyf? a&T
oHvGifuGef'dk? at;&dyfom (1)
vrf ; ? wuú o d k v f & d y f o mvrf ;
opf? A[ef;NrdKUe,f/
zkef; - 557381
--------------------------0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf

ecutives

1. Deputy General Manager
(2) M
2. Manager (3) M
3. Security Head (15) M
4. Security (80) M
Ph: 01-526648

--------------------------0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf
Receptionist (Full-Time)
-At Least one year of experience working in a similar
role

- Accounts Officers
- Admin Assistants

(2) IT Technician usm; (2)
OD; (AGTI (IT), BE (IT) Flash
Graduate rsm;avQmufxm;Edkif?
Networking, CCTV System

rsm;udkpdwf0ifpm;ol? e,fc&D;
xGufEdkif&rnf/)
Yadanarbon Fiber Co.,Ltd,

a[mfw,f&efukef0if;twGif;?
wdu
k t
f rSwf (1)? tcef; (101)
zkef;- 01-655778
email: yadanarponfiber@
gmail.com

--------------------------0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf
a&T&nf0if;uGefysLwm pmpDpm
½du
k rf w
d Lå qdik t
f wGuf uGeyf sLwm
pmpDpm½du
k u
f Rr;f usio
f l r (1) OD;
trS w f 9^11? tcef ; (2)?
ajrnDxyf? 36 vrf; (atmuf)?
ausmufwHwm;NrdKUe,f/
zkef; - 0973017501
--------------------------0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf
3 Star (P.P Woven Bag Fac-

- Receptionists

tory)

- Graphic Designer

(1) Accountant (1) Post

B-13+23, Shwe Keinayee

vkyfouf (2) ESpfESifhtxuf? t
ouf (25) ESpfESifhtxuf? Full
Set of Account qJGEdkif&rnf/

Estate, Narnattaw Street,
Kamaryut Township, Yangon.
Ph: 514101

--------------------------0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf

Yadanarbon Fiber Co.,Ltd
(1) Networking Assistance

usm; (3)? (wuúodkvfrS bJGUwpf
ckc&k &SNd y;D Networking ESiyhf wf
oufí vkyfief;tawGUtBuHK
tenf;qHk; (2) ESpf? tajccHydkif
EdkifNyD; Windows Client/ Server Network uRrf;usifolESifh
MCSA, MCSE, CCNA vufrw
S f
&&SdNyD;ol? tdrfaxmifr&Sdol? e,f
odkYc&D;xGufEdkif&rnf)

(2) Personal Secretary
(1) F

bJGU&? uGefysLwmuRrf;usif? vkyf
ouf (2) ES p f E S i f h t xuf ? t
ouf (25) ESpfrS (30) twGif;?
zkef; - 09-420036274
vdIifom,mpufrIZkef (4)
--------------------------0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf
vIid o
f m,mpufrZI ek (f 5)&Sd puf½kH
wGif udk&D;,m;pum;jyef (1)OD;?
t*Fvdyfpum;jyef (1)OD;? '½dkif
bm (1)OD;/
zkef;- 688229

topfzGifhvSpfvdkufonfh tcrJhtvkyfac:aMumfjimu@wGif xnfhoGif;vdkygu 7Day News *sme,fwdkufodkY uGefysLwmpm½dkufNyD; (1.5"x 2") xufrBuD;aomt&G,ftpm;jzifhvma&mufay;ydkYEdkifygonf/
trSefwu,f0efxrf;ac:,lvdkolrsm;om ,cku@udktokH;jyK&ef arwåm&yfcHtyfygonf/

20

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

GRE tcsdefpm&if;

tar&duefpifwm xkwfjyef

ynma&;tqihfjr§ihfwifa&;wGif q&m?q&mrrsm;\ tcef;u@u ta&;BuD;yg0ifaeonf

q&m? q&mrawGudk jynfyvTwfNyD;
rGrf;rHoifwef;awG tBuD;tus,fvkyfay;zdkYvdkw,f
pD;yGm;a&;ESihf pDrHcefYcGJrIqdkif&mynm&Sif a'gufwmatmifxGef;oufESihfawGUqkHjcif;
aevif;xGef;
tqihfjrifhynma&;ukd acwfrDít&nftaoG;jynfh0aom ynmoifMum;a&;jzpfay:vmap&ef ausmif;om;vli,frsm;u arQmfvifhaeMu
onf/ jynfwiG ;f ? jynfyvkyif ef;e,fy,frsm;wGif tvkyt
f udik t
f cGit
hf vrf;aumif;rsm;&&Sad p&ef rdrw
d ufa&mufcahJ om wuúov
kd \
f emrnf*P
k f
owif;? t&Sed t
f 0gBu;D rm;rIu taxmuftuljzpfapvsu&f o
dS nf/ jrefrmEkid if \
H tqihjf rihyf nma&;\ tajctaeESifh jyKjyifajymif;vJ&rnfh t
aMumif; t&mrsm;udk pD;yGm;a&; ESifh pDrcH efcY rJG q
I ikd &f mynm&Sif a'gufwmatmifxeG ;f oufEiS fh qufo,
G af r;jref;xm;rIukd aumufEw
k af zmfjyvku
d f
ygonf/
jrefrmEkid if &H UJ tqifjh rifyh nma&;
jzpfwnfaerItay: q &mhtjrif
ajymjyay;yg/
q&mwkdY ordkif;aMumif;t
aeeJY jyefMunfh&if trSefwu,f
1966 avmufxd ynma&;pepf
u awmfawmfav; wnfwnf
Nird Nf ird &f cdS yhJ gw,f/ vGwv
f yfa&;
&Ny;D aemufyidk ;f &efuek w
f uúov
kd ?f
rEÅav;wuúov
dk q
f v
kd nf; awmf
awmfav; emrnfBuD;w,f/ t
a&SUawmiftm&Sa&m? tm&Sa&m
aygh/ 'gayrJh 1965-66 rSm p
epfopfynma&;vdkY pNyD;ajym
vdkufwmaygh/ wpfcsdefwkef;u
Ekid if aH &;t,ltqwpfcak Mumihf
ynma&;pepfudk ta&SUOa&my
&S&Sm;pepfyHkpHajymif;vdkufw,f/
aemufNyD; awmufavQmufudk
ynma&;pepfu tajymif;tvJ
awGjzpfwmawGU&w,f/ tckqdk
ajymaeMuwm EkdifiHjcm;tqifh
rDvdkY Mum;ae&w,f/ 'gayrJh jyef
oHk;oyfMunfh&if q&mwdkYynm
a&;[m ta&SUawmiftm&SrSm
awmfawmfav; tqifhjrifhcJh
w,f/ tJ'gudk tajccHwpfckt
aeeJY rSwfwdkifxm;NyD; tJvdkjzpf
atmif b,fvkdjyefvkyfrvJ 0dkif;
pOf;pm;MuzdkY vdkwmayghaemf/
ynma&;eJY ywfoufNy;D aqG;aEG;
ajymqdkaeMuwJhtay: b,fvdk
xifjrifygvJ/

tckvnf; q&mem;vnf
oavmufuawmh Ekid if aH wmfu
tvkyf½HkaqG;aEG;yGJawG? tpnf;
ta0;awG vkyfaew,f/ tJh'D
rSm q&mhoabmenf;enf;av;
ajymcsiw
f muawmh aqG;aEG;ae
Muwm awmfawmfrsm;rsm; ynm
a&;avmueJY &if;ES;D wJo
h al wGukd
yJ tajccHxm;NyD; aqG;aEG;ae
Muwmaygh/ wuúodkvf? aum
vdyu
f wm0ef&w
dS hJ ygarmu©csKyf
awG? Xmeqkdif&m wm0ef&SdwJhol
awGaygh/ q&mhpdwfxJrSm jzpfEkdif
&if ZmwfaumifawG xnfhcsif
wmu rdbxnfhcsifw,f/ rdb
awG oabmxm;? rdbawG&JU vdk
tyfcsuf? rdbawG&JU qE´? rdb
awG toHMum;zdkY vkdw,fav/
aemufwpfcu
k ausmif;om;awG?
ausmif;om;awGudk aqG;aEG;yGJ
awGrSm rawGU&bl;/ tckxd r
pOf;pm;&ao;wmu tvkyf&Sif
awG? bmaMumihfvJqdkawmh y
nma&;pepfu xGufvmwJhvl
u b,ftqihyf jJ zpfjzpf tm;vH;k
u tvkyfcGifxJ 0if&rSmyJ/ vkyf
ief;cGif&JU toHvnf;Mum;zdkY vdk
wmaygh/ tJh'Dvkd bufpHkaxmifhpHk
uae pOf;pm;NyD;awmh vkyfzdkYvdk
w,f/
ynma&;tqihf jyefvnfjrifh
rm;vmzdkY t"duuswJh tcsuf
[m bmygvJ/

q&majymcsif w mu Vi(&nfrSef;csuftjrif)vdk
w,f / b,f t qif h x d a&muf
csifw,faygh/ pifumyleJY rav;
&Sm;vnf; olwyYkd nma&;pepfukd
b,f v k d t qih f a &muf a tmif
vkyfr,fqdkwJh &nfrSef;csufeJY
vkyfoGm;Muwm/ q&mwdkYtae
eJY &nfrSef;csufudk tajccHoGm;
zdkY vkdw,f/ EdkifiHawmftpdk;&
opfu ynma&;toHk;p&dwfudk
jr§ifhvdkufw,f/ tJhawmh pOf;pm;
zd k Y vd k w mu &NyD v m;? aemuf
xyf b,favmufvdkOD;rvJ/ vdk
w,f ? rvk d b l ; qd k w muvnf ;
Vision ay:rSm trsm;Bu;D rlwnf
ygw,f/ Vision udv
k nf; ig;ESp?f
q,fESpf r[kwfbl;/ tESpfESpf
q,f? oHk;q,f pOf;pm;rS&r,f/
vufwavm jyKjyifajymif;vJ
&r,fh tcsufawGudk tBuHjyK
ay;ygOD;/
vuf&SdcsdefrSm tjyifwuú
odkvfawGu pdwf0ifwpm; &Sdae
w,f / jyif y wuú o d k v f a wG e J Y
jynf w G i f ; wuú o d k v f a wG jref
jrefcsw
d f qufzv
Ykd w
dk ,f/ Ny;D awmh
q&m? q&mr tydkif;uvnf;
odyft a&;BuD;ygw,f/ q&m?
q&mr trsm;BuD;udk jyifyudk
xGufNyD; rGrf;rHoifwef;awG t
Bu;D tus,f vkyfzdkYvkdr,f/ tck
qd k & if Ek d i f i H w umu ul n D z d k Y
sion

toifh&Sdaewmudk tcGifhta&;
,lzkdY vkdr,fav/
jrefrmeJY tdrfeD;csif;EkdifiHtcsdKU
b,fvkd uGJjym;rIawG &SdaeNyD vJ/
tdref ;D csi;f Ekid if aH wGrmS bm
xl;jcm;rIawGU&vJqdkawmh t*F
vef? tar&duefwdkYvkd EkdifiHjcm;
wuúodkvfBuD;awG&JU ausmif;cGJ
awG zG i f h v mMuNyD/ tJ'grsdK;ukd
oifcef;pm,lNy;D awmh ud,
k q
hf rD mS
b,fvdkvkyfrvJ pOf;pm;zdkYvkd
w,f/ rav;&Sm;rSmqdkvnf; Mo
paMw;vswuúodkvfawGu bGJU
udk ,lvdkY&aeNyD/ tJh'gu q&m
wdkYu cyfoGufoGufeJY vkyfvdkY&
wmyg/
vuf & S d a usmif ; om;awG BuH K
awGUae&wJh wuúov
kd yf nma&;
tcuftcJeYJywfoufNy;D axmuf
jyay;yg/
wuúodkvfawG&JU wnfae
&mtaetxm;ukd jyefpdppfzdkY vkd
r,fxifw,f/ vuf&w
dS uúov
kd f
awGu a0;vHacgifzsm;wJh c&D;
oGm;vma&;cufcJwJhae&mawG
jzpfaew,f/ 'gu wpfcsdefwkef;
u jzpfcJhwm tcku tajctae
tcif;tusif;awG ajymif;oGm;
wJ h t cg b,f v d k v k y f M urvJ /
aemufuav;awG? ausmif;om;
awG taqmifudpö b,fvdkjyef
vkyfrvJ/
pm(22)okdY

&efukef? ar-30
t*Fvyd o
f mompum; uRr;f usirf I t&nftcsif;ppf pmar;yJGjzpf
aom TOEFL ESihf tar&duefausmif;0ifciG hf pmar;yJjG zpfaom GRE
wdkY\ pmar;yJGtcsdefpm&if;rsm;udk tar&duefpifwmu xkwf
jyefaMunmonf/
TOEFL pmar;yJGukd vmrnfhESpf Mo*kwf 18&ufESifh Ekd0if
bm 17&ufwGif usif;yjyKvkyfoGm;rnfjzpfNyD; pmar;yJGaMu;rSm
tar&duefa':vm 160jzpfonf/
GRE pmar;yJGukd atmufwdkbm 20 &uf? Ekd0ifbm 17 &uf
ESifh vmrnfhESpf azazmf0g&D 9&ufwGif taxGaxGpmar;yJGESifh {NyD
20&ufwiG f bmom&yfpmar;yJu
G kdusi;f jyKvyk rf nfjzpfNy;D taxGaxG
pmar;yJt
G wGuf tar&duefa':vm 190ESihf bmom&yfpmar;yJG
twGuf tar&duefa':vm 160 ay;oGi;f ajzqk&d rnf jzpfonf/
tar&duefEidk if w
H iG f tqifjh rifyh nmavhvmoif,v
l akd om
ausmif;om;rsm;onf t*Fvyd b
f mompum;uRr;f usirf pI mar;yJG
TOEFL ukd 0ifa&mufajzqda
k eMuovdk ausmif;0ifciG &hf &S&d ef GRE
pmar;yJGrsm;udk 0ifa&mufajzqdkaeMujcif;jzpfonf/
¤if;pmar;yJGrsm;tm; ppfaq;BuD;Muyfaeaom tar&duef
pifwmwGif ynma&;qkdif&mtcGifhtvrf;rsm;taMumif; tBuH
ÓPf&,lvdkaom ausmif;om;rsm;taejzifh wevFm? Ak'¨[l;ESifh
aomMumaeYwdkYwGif eHeuf 8em&DcJGrS aeYv,f 11em&DcJGxd awGU
qkHar;jref;EkdifaMumif; od&onf/

ynma&;owif;wdkrsm;

tar&duefynma&;a[majymyGJusif;yrnf
&efukef? ar-30
tar&duefEidk if w
H iG f oGm;a&mufynmoif,Ml urnfh ausmif;om;
rsm;twGuf ynma&;a[majymyGu
J kd ZGev
f 12 &uf? nae 4 em&DcJG
wGif tar&duefpifwmü usi;f yjyKvyk rf nfjzpfonf/ tar&duef
wuúodkvf? aumvdyfrsm;wGif ausmif;0ifcGifh&&Sdxm;NyD; vmrnfh
aEG&moDü oGm;a&mufynmoif,lrnfh ausmif;om;rsm;t
wGuf BudKwifavhvmod&Sdxm;oihfaom owif;tcsuftvuf
rsm;udk aqG;aEG;ajymMum;oGm;rnf[kod&onf/

aus;vufaetrsdK;orD;rsm; tdE´d,wGif ynmoifcGifh&rnf
&efukef? ar-29
aus;vufa'o&Sd OD;aqmifEkdifpGrf;&Sdol? pdwf"mwfcdkifrmNyD; qHk;
jzwfcsucf sEikd o
f l jrefrmtrsKd ;orD;rsm;taejzifh tdE,
´d Edik if &H dS Barel iG fh &&SEd idk rf nfjzpfaMumif; od&
foot University wGif ynmoif,c
onf/ twef;ynm? t*Fvyd b
f mompum;wwfuRr;f &ef vkt
d yf
rnfr[kwfbJ aepGrf;tifoHk; rD;ay;pepftaMumif;udk ajcmufv
Mumavhvm oif,cl iG &hf &Srd nfjzpfonf/ tdE,
´d Ekid if w
H iG f oGm;a&muf
ynmoif,l&ef owfrSwft&nftcsif;ESihf teD;pyfqHk;jynhfrDol
20 OD;udk a&G;cs,o
f mG ;rnfjzpfNy;D zke;f -09 421094816 odYk quf
oG,far;jref;Edkifrnfjzpfonf/

pifumylynma&;a[majymyGJusif;yrnf
&efukef? ar-30
pifumylEidk if &H dS Auston Institute of Management wGif tif*sif
eD,mbGUJ wufa&mufvdkaomausmif;om;rsm;twGuf ynma&;
a[majymyGJukd qef;rpfyghcfAsL;[dkw,fü ZGefv 9 &uf? eHeuf
10 em&D rS aeYv,f 12 em&Dxd usif;yjyKvkyfrnfjzpfonf/ Electrical, Electronics, Mechanical ESihf Mechatronics bm
om&yfrsm;jzihf AGTI, B.Tech Ny;D ajrmufxm;aom ausmif;om;rsm;
onf Bachelor of Engineering (Hons) in Electrical and Electronic Engineering udk aemufq;kH ESpw
f iG f wufa&mufEidk Nf y;D &Spv
f
ESihf B.E bGJU&,lEkdifrnfjzpfaom tqdkygausmif;ESihf ywfouf
aom ynma&;a[majymyGu
J kd pdw0f ifpm;olrsm; wufa&mufavh
vmEkdifrnfjzpfonf/

22

Education
aqmufvkyfa&; ukrÜPDwpfck
ynmoifp&dwf cufcJolrsm;udk axmufyHhrnf
&efukef? ar-31
tajccHynmavhvmoif,l&efESifh wuúodkvfynmqnf;
yl;&ef tcuftcJ&Sdaom ausmif;om;rsm;twGuf ynm
oifp&dwEf iS hfaxmufyahH Mu;rsm; ay;tyfomG ; rnfjzpfaMumif;
aqmufvkyfa&;vkyfief;wpfckjzpfaom Three Friends
Construction ukrÜPDrS od&onf/
tqkyd g ukrP
Ü o
D nf ynmoifaxmufyahH &;aumfrwD
udk zJGUpnf;NyD; tajccHynmoif,l&ef tultnDvt
kd yfae
aom ausmif;om;rsm;udk ausmif;tyfEaHS y; jcif;? vpOfp&dwf
axmufyHhjcif;ESifh wuúodkvf? aumvdyftqifhausmif;om;
rsm;twGufvnf; ynmoifaxmufyHhaMu;rsm; yHhydk;ulnD
vsuf&SdaMumif; od&onf/
]]aumfrwD&UJ &nfreS ;f csuf tqifih g;qifh owfrw
S x
f m;
ygw,f/ 'DESpfqdk wwd,tqifhavmufxd vkyfaqmifae
ygw,f/ a&SUESpfawGrSmqdk&if owfrSwftqifhawG jynfhrD
atmif qufvufvyk af qmifomG ;zdYkaumfrwDtaeeJYBuKd ;pm;
oGm;ygr,f/ Three Friends Construction Co.,Ltd ynm
oif axmufyahH &;aumfrwDtaeeJY tem*wfvaYl bmiftzJUG
tpnf; wnfaqmufreI YJ vlom;t&if;tjrpf zHUG NzKd ;wk;d wuf
apzdYk &nf&,
G Nf y;D tNr&J iS o
f ef&yfwnfEikd pf rG ;f &Sad tmif BuKd ;pm;
aqmif&u
G o
f mG ;rSmjzpfygw,f}}[k tqkyd g aumfrwD\ ynm
oifp&dwfay;tyfjcif;tcrf;tem;wGif wm0ef&Sdolwpf
OD;uajymonf/
ynmoif p&dwaf xmufyhH jcif;udk 'kw,
d tBurd af jrmuf
aqmif&Gufjcif;jzpfNyD; ,ckESpf twGuf ausmif;om;100
ausmfudk tajccHynmoif,lEkdif&ef ulnDyHhydk;oGm;rnfjzpf
aMumif; od&onf/
tajccHESifh tqifhjrifhynmrsm; avhvmoif,l&ef
ynm&nfxl;cRefaomfvnf; aiGaMu;tcuftcJBuHKawGU
aeaom ausmif;om;rsm;onf tqkyd g ukrP
Ü \
D ynmoif
axmufyHha&;aumfrwDodkY qufoG,favQmufEkdifrnfjzpf
aMumif; aumfrwD\ em,uwpfOD;u ajymonf/

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

bDpD t*Fvyd pf moifwef;0ifciG hf pmar;yJrG sm; Zlvidk yf xrywfwiG f ajz&rnf
&efukef? ar-31
NAw
d o
d QaumifpD (jrefrm)wGif oifMum;aeaom t*Fvyd b
f mom
pum;oifwef;rsm;udk Zlvkdif wGif pwifzGifhvSpfoGm;rnfjzpfNyD;
Zlvidk f yxrywfwiG f 0ifciG phf m ar;yJrG sm; ajzqdEk idk rf nfjzpfaMumif;
owif;&&Sdonf/
0ifcGifhpmar;yJGrsm;udk Zlvkdif 3&ufrS 6&ufxd usyfwpf
aomif;ay;oGi;f ajzqk&d rnfjzpfNy;D ESpv
f cJMG um oifwef;twGuf
usyfESpfodef;udk;aomif;jzifh wufa&mufEkdifrnfjzpfonf/
t*Fvyd b
f mompum;pGr;f &nf wk;d wufvmap&ef touf
t&G,ftvkduf ig;rsKd;ydkif;jcm;xm;NyD; avhusifhoifMum;aeaom

oifwef;odkY toufckepfESpfESifhtxuf rnfolrqdk wufa&muf
oif,lEkdifaMumif; od&onf/
NAdwdoQaumifpD(jrefrm)onf t*Fvyd b
f mom pum;oif
wef;? pmar;yJpG pfaq;rI? pmMunfw
h kduf ponfh0efaqmifrIrsm;udk
aqmif&Gufvsuf&SdNyD; &efukefESifh rEÅav;NrdKUrsm;&Sd ¤if;XmeodkY
aeYpOf vlwpfaxmifausmfvma&mufí 0efaqmifrIrsm;udk t
ok;H jyKvsu&f adS Mumif; od&onf/ tqkyd gXme\ 0efaqmifrrI sm;ESihf
t*Fvyd b
f mompum; oifwef;0ifciG hf pmar;yJt
G csed Zf ,m;rsm;
udkod&v
dS ykd guwww.myanmar-network.net wGif 0ifa&mufMunfh
½IavhvmEkdifrnfjzpfonf/

pm-21? pD;yGm;a&;ESihf pDrHcefYcGJrIqdkif&mynm&Sif a'gufwmatmifxGef;oufESihfawGUqkHjcif; rS
txl;ojzihf trsdK;orD; ausmif;
olawG vHkvHkNcHKNcHK&SdzdkYu ta&;
BuD ; w,f / t&if w k e f ; u em
rnf B uD ; wJ h tif ; vsm;aqmif ?
oD&daqmif 'grsdK;awGudk b,f
vdkjyefzefwD;rvJ/ 'gvnf; arh
ypfvdkY r&wJhudpöaemf/ ynma&;
pepf u d k jyif w ,f a jymNyD ; t
aqmifBuD;ukd 'Dtwkdif;xm;vdkY
rjzpfbl;av/
ynma&;wd;k wufvmapzdYk b,f
vdkyHhydk;rIawG vdktyfaeygovJ/
&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIudk tajccH
xm;zdkYvdkw,f/ vHkavmufwJh
&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIr&SdbJeJYawmh vkyf
vdrYk &bl;/ oifaxmufuyl pön;f
awGqdkygawmh b,fvkdvkyfMu
rvJ/ w½kwfrSm jyKjyifajymif;vJ
a&;vkyfovdk tjyifrSma&muf
aewJh w½kwfwkdif;&if;om;ynm
&S i f a wG u d k tNyD ; jyef v mwmr
[kwfbJ 0ifvdkY? xGufvdkY vkyfay;
xm;w,f/ [kdrSm pmoifaewJh
wuúodkvfu jrefrmq&mawG
olwt
Ykd m;wJt
h csed ?f [drk mS ausmif;
ydwfaecsdefawGrSm 'DrSm toHk;jyK

vkdY&wmaygh/
&efukefwuúodkvfeJY ywfouf
NyD; q&mhoabmxm;udk odvdk
ygw,f/
&efukefwuúokdvfuawmh
txif u &wuú o d k v f y J a v/
ukd,hf&JU tESpftpdwfavmuf oH
a,mZOf&Sdaewm/ 'gayrJhvnf;
q&mwkdYu wuúodkvfynma&;
pepfwpfckvHk;ukd pOf;pm;zkdYvdk
w,f / q&mwk d Y &ef u k e f w uú
odkvfvdkYajym&if rEÅav;wuú
odkvfudkvnf; arhvdkYr&bl;/
wuú o d k v f a usmif ; 0if c G i f h u
wuúov
kd 0f ifwef;pmar;yG&J rSwf
ay:rlwnfaewJt
h ay: oH;k oyf
ay;yg/
uav;wpfa,muf&UJ pdwf
0ifpm;rIukd tajccHNy;D wuúov
kd f
a&G;cGifhay;zdkY aumif;vmNyD/ t
rSww
f pfcq
k w
kd mu obm0rus
bl;/ tJ'Dpepfu vHk;0udk y,f
zsuf&r,fh pepfBuD;yg/ trSwfeJY
jzwfwJhpepfudk q&mwdkY jyKjyif
ajymif;vJrS&r,f/ trSwf 40 eJY
aq;wuúodkvfwufvdkY &wm?

r&wmu olYudpöav ausmif;
0ifcGifhpmar;yGJeJY vkyfvdkY&wmyJ/
yk * ¾ v d u ynma&;aps;uG u f
us,fjyefYvmwJhtay: b,f
vdkjrifygvJ/
yk*v
¾ u
d udk q&menf;enf;

pdwfylw,f/ yk*¾vduwuúodkvf
awGvmwm? yk*¾vduausmif;
awG vmzGifhwmu vlwef;pm;
wpf&yfudkyJ udk,fpm;jyKwmyg/
tcsd e f a y;ajzMum;wJ h t wG u f
aus;Zl;wifygw,f/

Vol.9,
Vol.11,
No.29
No.13
 October
 June 7 ,72012
, 2010

tmrcHrvdkbJ zkef;t&pfusa&mif;rnf
,kZeudkudk
&efukef?ZGef-2
tm&Spdrf;vef;zGHUNzdK;a&;bPf
(AGD) ESihf ,if;\ vkyfief;cGJ
wpfcjk zpfaom E-Lite Tech ukrÜ
PDwdkYyl;aygif;NyD; tmrcHwpfpHk
wpf&mrvkb
d JusyEf pS o
f ed ;f wefEiS fh
ESpfodef;ig;aomif;wef rdkbkdif;
zk e f ; rsm;ud k t&pf u spepf j zif h
0,f,lEdkifrnfh tpDtpOfudk vm
rnfhZGefvukefcefYwGif 'kwd,t
Budrfjyefvnf pwifawmhrnf
jzpfaMumif; od&onf/
rnfonhftmrcHcsufrQ r
vdkbJ rSwfyHkwif? oef;acgifpm
&if;ESihf ywfpfydkY"mwfyHkESpfyHkom
vkdtyfrnfjzpfNyD; tqdkygbPf
wGif bPftaumifhopfwpfck
jyKvkyf½kHjzifh *sDtufpftrfESihf '

AvsLpD'Dtrfatzkef;rsm;udk t
&pfus0,f,El idk rf nfjzpfonf/
tqdyk gpepfonf rnfonhf
tmrcH c suf r Qrvd k t yf a omf
vnf; vpOfay;oGif;rI wpfBudrf
ysufuGufonfESihf zkef;vkdif;udk
toHk;jyKEkdifawmhrnf r[kwf[k
E-Lite Tech rS wm0ef&Sdolwpf
OD;u ajymonf/
Ny;D cJo
h nfh arvqef;ydik ;f u
pwifum t&pfuspepfjzifh 0ef
aqmifrIay;cJhonfh ,if;tpDt
pOfonf ueOD;&ufrsm;twGif;
avQmufxm;vkdolrsm;twGuf
tqifajycJhaomfvnf; aemuf
ydik ;f avQmufxm;olrsm;rSmrl zke;f
uwfta&twGuf ravmufiS
onfh tcuftcJrsm;ESihf &ifqkdif
Mu&aMumif; pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/

800 r*¾g[mhZfzkef;rsm;\ EVDO tifwmeuf
jyefvnfavQmufxm;Ekdifawmhrnf[kqdk
,kZeudkudk
&efukef? ar-16
pD'Dtrfat 800 r*¾g[mhZfzkef;
rsm;\ E V D O tif w meuf
pepfudk ZGefvyxrywftwGif;
jyefvnfavQmufxm;Ekdifawmh
rnfjzpfaMumif; owif;&&So
d nf/
jref r mh q uf o G , f a &;u
rMumcPqdkovdk &yfqkdif;ae
onfh EVDO tifwmeufpepf
ud k ,ck w pf B ud r f jyef v nf
avQmuf x m;&mwG i f jref r mh
qufoG,fa&;vkyfief;\ tvkH
½kH;csKyftjyif E-Lite Tech zkef;
ta&mif;qkid rf sm;wGiyf g avQmuf

xm;EkdifrnfjzpfNyD; aeYcsif;NyD;
0efaqmifrIjzifh tokH;jyKEkdifrnf
jzpfonf/
]]cPcP ay;vkduf? &yf
vk d u f v k y f a ewmu qmAmt
cuf t cJ a wG a Mumif h y g/ quf
oG,fa&;uvnf; tJ'Dvdk rvkyf
csifygbl;}}[k jrefrmhqufoG,f
a&;vkyfief; rdkbkdif;XmerS tBuD;
wef ; wm0ef & S d o l w pf O D ; u qk d
onf/
jrefrmhqufoG,fa&; vkyf
ief;taejzifh tqkdyg tifwm
eufpepftm; 2011 ESpq
f efyikd ;f
u pwif0efaqmifrIay;cJhjcif;

jzpf N yD ; ,ck t csd e f x d ES p f B ud r f
wd w d avQmuf x m;cG i f h u d k &yf
qkdif;cJhonf/
xdkYaMumifh rMumcP qkd
ovdk avQmufxm;cGiu
hf kd &yfqidk ;f
aejcif;onf tokH;jyKvkdolrsm;
twGuf tcuftcJjzpfay:ap
aomaMumifh ,ckwpfBudrfwGif
awmuf a vQmuf 0 ef a qmif r I
ay;Ekid &f efukd ok;H pJo
G rl sm;u arQmf
vifhvsuf&SdMuonf/
]]cPcP ay;vkduf? &yf
vkdufeJYu tqifrajybl;av/
tifwmeuf okH;wJhol trsm;pk
u 0efxrf;awGqdkawmh 0efxrf;

awG u vnf ; tm;wJ h t csd e f y J
oG m ;avQmuf E k d i f M uwm/ tJ ' D
awmh oGm;avQmufjyef&if ydwf
vk d u f N yD ; vk d i f ; jynf h o G m ;NyD j zpf
vmjyefawmh awmufavQmuf
0efaqmifrI ay;wmudkyJ vkdcsif
w,f}}[k &efuek Nf rdKUwGi;f aexkid f
ol ukrÜPD0efxrf; trsKd;orD;
wpfOD;u ajymonf/
,ck v uf & S d tok H ; jyKae
Muaom CDMA EVDO tif
wmeufpepf\ jrefEIef;rsm;NyD;cJh
onf h wpf v 0ef ; usif u xuf
tenf;i,f aES;auG;rIrsm; jzpf
ay:vmonf/

qufoG,fa&;wGif jynfy&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrI zdwfac:jcif;u qrfaqmif; Galaxy S3 NAdwdefEdkifiHwGif
zkef;aps;avsmhusap&ef tvm;tvmjzpf[k oHk;oyf vlBudKuftrsm;qHk; zkef;jzpfvm
,kZeudkudk
&efukef? ZGef-2
tpdk;&u jynfwGif;qufoG,f
a&;u@twG u f Ek d i f i H w um
&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIrsm;udk rMumrDzdwf
ac:oGm;awmhrnfjzpfNyD; ,if;
uJhokdY zdwfac:aerIonf jynf
wGif;rdkbdkif;zkef;aps;EIef;rsm; ,ck
xufydkrdkus qif;ap&eftvm;
tvmwpfckjzpfaMumif; jrefrmh
qufo,
G af &; vkyif ef;\ tBuD;
wef;wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajym
Mum;onf/
,ckvuf&SdwGif jrefrmEkdif
iH\ qufo,
G af &;Oya'rlMurf;
udk jyifqifa&;qGaJ eNyjD zpfNyD; NyD;
pD;oGm;ygu Ekid if aH wmfor®wESifh
vTwfawmfü wifjyoGm;rnfjzpf
onf[k od&onf/
]]jyifqifa&;qGJaewJh Oy
a'rlMurf;udk or®weJY vTwaf wmf
udk wifjyNyD;&if EkdifiHwumu
&if;ES;D jrK§ yEf rHS aI wGukd zdwaf c:oGm;
ygr,f/ tjynfjynfqkdif&m&if;
ESD;jr§KyfESHrIawG 0ifvmNyDqkdwmeJY
vuf&Sdzkef;aps;EIef;awGu EdkifiH
wumeJYtnD jzpfoGm;NyD}}[k jref
rmhqufoG,fa&;vkyfief;\ rdk
bdik ;f XmerS wm0ef&o
dS w
l pfO;D u
qdkonf/
vuf & S d & uf o wå y wf t
wGif; xGufay:aeonfh rdkbdkif;
zkef;aps;EIef;rsm; usyfwpfodef;
cefYtxd jyKwfusawmhrnfqdk
onfh owif;rsm;onf jrefrmh
qufoG,fa&;rS w&m;0ifxkwf

jyefxm;jcif;r[kwf[kvnf; t
xufyg wm0ef&Sdolrsm;u quf
vufajymonf/
]]jynfwGif;rdkbdkif;zkef;aps;
awGu 'Dhxuf xyfuszdkYu t
csdefumvwpfckavmufawmh
xyfapmihf&ygr,f/ avmavm
q,fxGufaewJh owif;awGu
r[k w f y gbl ; / ñT e f M um;csuf
xGufvmwmeJY t½HI;cHNyD;a&mif;
oG m ;ay;r,f q d k w mxuf w
u,fvufawGUjzpfvmEkid w
f mu
EkdifiHwumu &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIawG
a&mufvmNyDqkd aps;awGut
vdkvkd jyKwfusoGm;rSmyg}}[k t
xuf y gtBuD ; wef ; wm0ef & S d
olu &Sif;vif;ajymMum;onf/
jrefrmEkdifiH\ qufoG,f
a&; euf0ghcfwnfaqmufrIrsm;
onf taumif;qHk;tajctae

wGif r&Sdao;ojzihf ,ckuJhodkY
jynfwGif;\ rdkbkdif;zkef;aps;EIef;
rsm;rSm vlwef;pm;tm;vHk;eD;yg;
toHk;jyKEkdifonfh taetxm;
odkYra&muf&Sd&ao;jcif;jzpfNyD;
EkdifiHwum&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIrsm;udk
tvsit
f jrefac:,lí jynfwiG ;f
yk * ¾ v d u vk y f i ef ; &S i f r sm;ud k
vnf; vkyfudkifcGifhrsm;udk csxm;
ay;&awmhrnfh tcsdefa&muf&Sd
aeNyD j zpf a Mumif ; jynf y Ek d i f i H
a&muf uGefysLwmynm&SifESihf
vkyif ef;&Sit
f csKd Uu oH;k oyfajym
Mum;onf/
jrefrmhqufoG,fa&;vkyf
ief;onf vuf&SdtcsdefwGif jynf
wGif;qufoG,fa&;u@udk Ekdif
iHwGif;&Sd yk*¾vdupD;yGm;a&;ukrÜ
PD B uD ; tcsd K UES i h f tusd K ;wl y l ;
aygif;aqmif&Gufaeonf/

vef'ef? ZGef-3
zkef;a&mif;cs&rIrsm;ESifh tGev
f idk ;f
wGif &SmazGrrI sm;t& qrfaqmif;
ukrÜPDaemufqHk;xkwf Galaxy
d ed Ef ikd if \
H vlBuKd uf
S3 zke;f rSm NAw
trsm;qHk;vufudkifzkef;jzpfvm
aMumif; rdkbkdi;f zke;f oH;k pGrJ u
I kd ajc
&mcHaom uSwitch.com wGif
azmfjyonf/
iPhone 4S u NyD;cJhonfh
vtwGif; NAdwdef\ eHygwfwpf
vuf u k d i f z k e f ; tjzpf Galaxy
S2 tm; tpm;xd k ; cJ h o nf / od k Y
aomf Galaxy S3 ay:csdefrSmyif
iPhone 4S tm; eHygwfwpfae
&mrS z,f&Sm;cJhonf/ pm(34)odkY

24

Tech
qrfaqmif;u yxrqHk; Chrome Desktop uGefysLwm jzefYcsd
qefz&efppöudk? ar - 30
qrfaqmif;ukrÜPDonf *l;*Jvf
ukrÜPDxkwf Chrome Web
Browser ud k t oH k ; jyKxm;NyD ;
Cloud uGefysLwmenf;ynm t
oHk;jyKonhf yxrqHk; Chrome
Desktop uGefysLwmudk xkwf
vkyjf zefcY sv
d u
dk o
f nf/ qrfaqmif;
onf,refESpfu *l;*Jvfu rdwf
qufcJhaom Chrome vufyf
awmhrsm; pm&if;wGif aemufqHk;
xkwf Series-5 Chrome book
vufyfawmhrsm; xkwfazmfjyo
NyD;aemuf ,ck Desktop pepf

Series 3 Chromebox

ud k

jyocJhjcif;jzpfonf/
*l;*Jvf\ xkwfukefpDrHcefY
cJGa&;'g½dkufwm qDqmqif*ky
wmu ]]'g[m tNrJ w rf ; opf
vGiaf ewJh uReaf wmfw&Ykd UJ uGeyf sL
wmenf;ynmtawGUtBuHKopf
udOk ;D wnfwhJ ajcvSr;f wpf&yfyg/
jrefqefrI? ½dk;&Sif;rIeJY vHkNcHKa&;
pdwfcs&rIwdkYudk tm½kHpdkufxm;
ygw,f } } [k a jymonf / qrf
aqmif;\ Chrome Os toHk;
jyK Series 5 Chromebook
vufyfawmhonf tvGefayghyg;

NyD; tav;csdef 3 'or 3 aygif
(1 'or 48 uDvkd) &SdNyD; txl
wpfvufratmuf 2 'or 5
pifwrD w
D mavsmch efo
Y m &So
d nf/
,ck Desktop pepf Chromebox
rSm tvsm;? teH? tjrifh t&G,f
tpm; (7 'or 6 _ 7 'or
6 _ 1 'or 3 vufr) cefYom
&SdNyD;? ,if;udk0,f,lolrsm;onf
armfew
D m? uD;bkwEf iS hf armufpf
wdkYudk oD;jcm;0,f,lwyfqif&ef
vkdtyfonf/
qrfaqmif;\ Chromebox Desktop uG e f y sLwmud k

tar&duefESifh NAdwdef
EkdifiH&Sd tGefvkdif;pwdk;rsm;
wGif rSm,l&&SdEkdifNyD; aps;
EIef;rSm a':vm
330 cef Y &S d
onf [ k od &
onf/

—Ref: CNA

86 ESifhponfh urf;½dk;wef;zkef;rsm;ukd
BudKwifaiGjznfhuwfpepfajymif;rnf
,kZeudkudk
&efukef? ZGef-2
jrefrmhqufoG,fa&;vkyfief;u
09-86_____jzihfpaom urf;
½dk;wef;zkef;rsm;udk rMumrDtcsdef
twGif; BudKwifaiGjznfhuwfp
epfodkY ajymif;vJay;awmhrnf
jzpfaMumif; ,if;vkyfief;rSo
wif;&&Sdonf/
ouf q k d i f & mjref r mh q uf
oG,fa&;vkyfief;rsm;odkY oHk;pGJol
udk,fwkdif usoifhzkef;bDvfrsm;
udk oGm;a&mufay;aqmifaeMu
&onfh Post Paid pepfrS Pre
Paid pepfodkY ajymif;vJ&eft
wGuf txufygvkyfief;rS toHk;
jyKol r sm;\ zk e f ; eH y gwf r sm;t
wGif;odkY pmwkdpepfjzifh ay;ydkYt
aMumif ; Mum;jcif ; ud k ,ck v
1 &uf u pwif j yKvk y f a y;ae
aMumif;od&onf/
]]wpf&ufaeYu pm0ifvm
w,f/ y&Dyd'fpepfudk oHk;r,f
qdkpmjyefydkY/ tcky&Dyd'fajymif;
r,fqdkrS tqifajyawmhrSm/ 'D
vkdrSr[kwf&if ½Hk;udkoGm;oGm;
aqmif a e&wmawG u awmf
awmfav;tcuftcJjzpfw,f}}
[k tqkdyg urf;½dk;wef;zkef;t
oH;k jyKol ukrP
Ü 0D efxrf;trsKd ;o
rD;wpfOD;uqdkonf/
jrefrmhqufoG,fa&;vkyf

ief;onf ,cif Post Paid p
epfjzihf zkef;toHk;jyKcrsm;udk ay;
aqmifcJhMu&aom aps;EIef;jrifh
rm;vGef;cJhonfh rdkbkdif;zkef;rsm;
tm;vHk;udk wjznf;jznf;csi;f BuKd
wif aiGjznfu
h wfpepfukd ajymif;
vJay;aeonf[k ,if;vkyfief;
\ wm0ef & S d o l w pf O D ; uajym
onf/
,ck v uf & S d t csd e f x d Bud K
wifaiGjznfu
h wfpepfoYkdrajymif;
vJEkdifao;onfh zkef;vkdif;rsm;t
aejzih f zk e f ; bD v f r sm;oG m ;
a&mufay;aqmif&mwGif tcsdef
MumjrihfpGm wef;pDapmifhqkdif;&
jcif;? zkef;bDvfusoifhaiGpm&if;
rsm;wGif rMumcPqdkovdk vGJ
acsmfrIrsm; &Sdaejcif;wdkYaMumihf
Pre Paid pepf u d k tjref q H k ;
ajymif;vJvkdaeMuonf[k oHk;pGJ
olrsm;u ajymMuonf/

pm(23) - qrfaqmif; Galaxy S3 NAdwdefEdkifiHwGif
vlBudKuftrsm;qHk; zkef;jzpfvm rS
Ü \
D One Series
HTC ukrP
zk e f ; rsm;rS m xd y f w ef ; vuf
udkifzkef; q,fvHk;pm&if; oHk;ae
&mwGif yg0ifNyD; qdkeDukrÜPD\
zkef;wpfvHk;om xdyfwef;q,f
vH;k wGif yg0ifonf/ Xperia S rSm
eHygwfwpfq,fwGif &Sdaejcif;
jzpfonf/
qrfaqmif;\ Galaxy S2
q,fhwpfv qufwdkufeHygwf
wpfae&mwGif &SdaecJhNyD; ,ckt

cg eHywfoHk;ae&modkY avsmhus
oGm;cJjh cif;jzpfonf/ odaYk omf qrf
aqmif;ukrP
Ü x
D w
k f zke;f rsm;jzpf
aom Ace rSm eHywfig;ae&mESifh
Note rSm eHygwfajcmufae&mwGif
a&muf & S d a e&m NAd w d e f \ xd y f
wef;vufudkifzkef; q,fae&m
wGif qrfaqmif;xkwf zkef;rsm;
u av;ae&m &,lxm;jcif; jzpf
onf/
—Ref:Telegraph.com

25

Article

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

t

ckavmavmq,frmS awmh apwemjzihfusL&Sicf ay;aomvl
i,fwYkrdd om;pkrSvukev
f QifusL &Sicf vm,laeusjzpfonf/
usL &Sicf qdo
k nfukd apwemjzifh ynmyg&rDjznfah y;cGi&hf onf [l
aom tawG;rSwpfyg; tjcm;rawG;jzpfawmh/ uav;taru
olo
Y rD;av;udk rSmaeoHMum;vku
d &f awmh usL&Siu
f dk tjrifu wpf
rsdK; jrifoGm;rdonf/ usL&SifrvdkufEdkifaom uav;udk usL&Sif
q&mr oifay;vkdufaom pmrsm;udk jyefajym&ef wkdufwGef;ae
onf/ twef;ydkifq&mru usL&Sifoifjcif;jzpfNyD; q&m? q&mr oifvkdufaom pmrsm;om pm
ar;yGJwGif &mEIef;jynfhyg0ifaomaMumihfjzpfonf/ twef;ykdif q&m? q&mrudkom usL&SiftyfMu
&onf/ NrdKUjyrsm;omru aus;vufrsm;wGifyg twef;ydkif q&mr(odkY)bmom&yfoif q&mrxH
usL&Sirf jzpfraetyfMu&onf/ 'goif 'gusuf 'gajz? 'Dvakd tmif pmar;yGJ pepfomjzpfae&Sad eao;
aomo½kyf\ oauFwwpfcktjzpf jrifawGU &onf/ wuúodkvfuxdu q&mrwpfOD;url tJ'g
aMumihfuav;awGt&nftcsi;f tm;enf;aewm[k oH;k oyfajymqdo
k nf/ ol oif&aom wuúov
kd f
ü ausmif;om;ig;axmifwGif ausmif;om;wpf&mausmfcefYom pmudkBudK;pm;NyD; y&[dwpdwf&Sd
onf[k rSwfcsufjyKonf/
NrKd UjyESiehf ;D aom csi;f wGi;f jrpfu txufwef;ausmif;uav;wpfausmif;wGif10 wef; ausmif;
om;OD;a& 30 &Sd&m 3 a,mufom atmifjrifonf[k pmar;yGJatmifcJhol vli,fwpfOD;u ajym

usL&SifESifh usL&Sifq&m
bkef;rdk;oGef;(rHk&Gm)
jyonf/ taMumif;&if;udk ar;
&m ]]ausmif;oGm;&if wpfcgwpf
&H ausmif;om;rpHkvdkY q&mu
pmroif b l ; / ausmif ; om;pH k
awmh q&mu t&ufrl;aevdkY
om;wdkY jyefvmcJh&w,f/ 'DvkdyJ
atmifjrifatmif BudK;pm;cJh&
w,f}} vkdY &efukefudk tvkyfvkyf
&efvmonfh c&D;oGm;&if; awGU
BuHKcJh&aom vli,fu qdkonf/
tckqckd siw
f mu usL&Siv
f
cjzpfonf/ rwfvxJrSm usL&Sif
awGu pzGihfawmh ausmif;om;
rdbawGvnf; csrf;omaomrd
brsm;ESihfrjcm; om;orD;ynm
a&; aESmifhaES;aevdkY rjzpf[k &Sd
aom aiGpuav;jzihf jcpfjcKwf
pkNyD; usL&SiftyfMu&onf/ rwf
v 20 &ufrSm usL&Siftyfjcif;
aMumihf usL&Siv
f c awmif;awmh
tjynfhay;&onf/ tu,fí
rwfv 25 &ufrSm usL&Siftyf
ojzifh ig;&ufom usL&Sifwuf
&aomfvnf; vctjynfhay;&
onf[k qdkonf/ xkdYxufqdk;
onfu onfESpfoBuFefrSm &uf
&S n f t vk y f y d w f & uf j zpf j cif ;
aMumihf usL&Sirf sm;vnf; BudKwif
ydwyf gonf/ BudKwifyw
d jf cif;ESifh
twl usL&Sifvcudkvnf; BudK
wifawmif;í ay;vkduf&onf/
uav; ynmyg&rDtjzpf ay;
vdkuf&í apwemrysufaomf
vnf; usL&Sifudkawmh pdwfxJu
xl x l y d e f ; yd e f ; arwå m ysufcsif

vmonf/ b,fwwfEidk rf nfenf;
tojymjzihf wpfyGJxdk; 0,fay;&
aom ynma&;udk awG;rdwkdif;
pdwfxJwGif paemifhpeif;jzpf&
onf/ tem*wf uav;i,frsm;
twGuf tm;rvdk tm;r&jzpfae
rdonf/
wpfcguvnf; tajcjyKrl
vwef;rsm; pmar;yGJajzcsdefwGif
wdkufwkdufqkdifqkdif &Gmuav;
wpf&mG a&mufomG ;onf/ pma&;
olvnf; bkef;BuD;ausmif; wrm
yifBuD;\ t&dyfwpfckwGif at;
at;vlvl pmzwfaeonf/ xdk
tcsdefwGif pmar;yGJrajzrD t
jyeftvSefavhusifhaeaom u
av;i,fESpfa,mufvnf; rdrd
em;odkY a&mufvmonf/
olwYkd pmusuw
f mudk trSef
trSm; ppfaq;ay;&ef ajymqdk
onf/ rdrdu ar;cGef;yHkpHav;
rsm;jzihf ar;olwdkYu jyefajzMu
onf / tpOf w d k i f ; ar;rnf j yK
aomtcg q&mru oloifay;
xm;wmyJ ar;rSmwJ/h tJ'gaMumihf
q&mroifay;wJh pmyJavhusihf
&rSm[k uav;rsm;u qdkonf/
'gqdkvQif twef;ydkifq&mru
ausmif;rSm 0wfauswef;aus
oif? tdrfrSm ar;cGef;ar;rnhf pm
rsm;ukd oifonfudk odvdkuf&í
pdwfarmoGm;onf/ uav;rsm;
twef;ynmawmh atmifyg&JU?
bmrQtoHk;csí r&jcif;rsm; Edkif
iHESihft0ef; 'kESifha';jzpfaeay

vdrfhrnf/ onfhtwGuf wkdif;
jynftwGuf &ifav;&ygonf/
xk d u J h o d k Y 0wf a us wef ; aus
toiftjy q&m? q&mrrsm;
aMumihfwu,fw
h m0efausaom
q&mjrwfrsm;\ *kPfodu©mudk
vnf; xdckduf&jcif;jzpfonf[k
rsm;pGmpdwfraumif;jzpf&onf/
rdrdwdkY twef;ausmif;om;b0
u aiGaMu;rwwfEdkifí usL&Sif
rwufEdkifaomfvnf; ausmif;
u q&m? q&mrrsm;udk tm;udk;
tm;xm;jyK&onf / onf v k d
ausmif;om;rsm;udk iJhoifhonf
[k jrifygonf/
,cktm;rud;k &awmhojzihf
usL&Siw
f ufjcif;vm;? (odrYk [kw)f
twef;ydkifq&mr? bmom&yf
oifq&m? q&mrrsm;u usL&Sif
oifojzifh twef;ratmifrSm
pdk;&drfí wuf&jcif;vm;[k awG;
aerdonf/ rnfodkYqdkap tawG;
rsm;u taygif;vu©Pmbuf
od k Y jyrvmbJ tEk w f b uf o d k Y
om jyvmjcif;tay: tem*wf
ynma&;twGuf rsm;pGmtm;r
&jzpfrdaeao;onf/ 'gudk rnf
okdYajz&Sif;rnfenf;/ vpmenf;
aomaMumihf usL&Sifoif&onf
qdkygvQif q&mhodu©m&Sd&Sdjzihf
arwåm apwemxm; oifMum;
oif h o nf r[k w f y gavm/ t
vG w f o if u sL&S i f q &mrsm;u
vnf ; wpf y G J x k d ; emrnf B uD ; ½H k
oufoufjzihf oifMum;aeaom

pmoif0kdif;rsm;vnf; rsm;pGm&Sd
aeonf[k wuúodkvfygarmu©
wpf O D ; u ajymjyygonf / xd k Y
aMumihf ,aeY tcsdeftxd tc
rJhynmoifausmif;rsm;udk tm;
ud;k tm;xm;jyKaejcif;jzpfonf/
wu,fynmvkcd sipf w
d jf zihf BudK;
pm;aom ausmif;om;rsm;rSm t
enf;pkomjzpfonf[k rHk&Gmu
wuúodkvfenf;jywpfOD;uqdk
onf/
tvG w f o if u sL&S i f q &m
wcsdKU *kPf&SdefwufNyD; emrnf
BuD;jcif;rSm apwemaMumihf jzpf
onf/ odkYaomf tenf;pkomjzpf
onf/ trsm;pku emrnfawmh
BuD;onf/ *kPx
f ;l awmhygonf/
pmraMu/ xkdYaMumihf wu,ft
&nftcsif;&Sdaom vli,frsm;
arG;rxkwfEdkifjcif;jzpfonf/ w
uúodkvfuxdu wpfOD;uawmh
ajymygonf/ ]]b,frSmt&nf
tcsif;&SdrSmvJ wuúodkvf 0if
wef ; u uav;awG u d k wcsd K U
bmomawGrSm 35 rSwf&vnf;
atmifaewmyJ/ wu,fawmh
olwdkYepfemoGm;wmu wpfESpf?
ynmt&nftcsi;f r&Sb
d J atmif
oGm;wmu wpfb0 epfemoGm;
w,f}}vkdY rSwfcsufjyKygonf/
ausmif;om;rdbwpfOD;u
awmh emrnfBuD;txufwef;
ausmif;Bu;D rSm xm;aom olo
Y m;
udk twef;ydik q
f &mrESifh bmom
&yfoifq&mrrsm; r[kwfonfh

tjcm;q&m q&mrrsm;\ usL
&S i f o d k Y o m tyf E S H o nf / ]]'grS
udk,fhom;orD;u bmudk vdkae
w,fqdkwmudk od&rSm}} [k ajym
ygonf/
tcrJhynm'gejyKaeaom
nDrwpfOD;awmh ol\wl? wlr
rsm;u pmusufaomtcg rSm;
aewmudk jyefjyifay;&ifawmif
rS uav;awGu 'guolwdkY (t
wef;ydkif)usL&Sifq&mru 'Dt
wkdif;yJ oifay;xm;wm[k t
rSefudk rjrifEkdif rjyifEkdifjzpfae
onf/ q&mudk cspfaomaMumifh
pmudkcspfvmwwfaom uav;
i,frsm;udk todrSwfjyK *½kpdkuf
&rnfudk odvmaponf/ onf
awmh ausmif;om;rdbrsm; i,f
&G,fpOfumv uav;b0tod
rSm wu,fwwfuRrf;t&nft
csif;&Sdaom q&mESihf tyfESHrdap
&ef ta&;BuD;ygonf/
twef;ydkif+usL&Sifq&mr
udk rtyfvQif ausmif;om;rxl;
cRejf cif;rSm tjypfr[kw?f ausmif;
xm;ygvsuf uav;u xl;jcm;
rvmjcif;udk ynma&;ukd b,f
vk d ud k i f w G , f a eovJ [ k jyef
vnfoHk;oyf&rnfjzpfygonf/
rdbq&mvufwn
JG D [efcsun
f D
aygif;pnf;a&;vnf; vdt
k yfvm
onf/
usL&SifudkyJjzpfjzpf? tpdk;&
ausmif;udyk jJ zpfjzpf aocsmpdppf
&rnfjzpfonf/ aus;vufrSm

udk,fh&Gm udk,fausmif; wuf&
aom ausmif;om;rsm;twGuf
a&G;cs,fydkifcGifhr&Sd? NrdKUem;eD;&Gm
rsm;rSm a&G;cs,fcGifh&SdMuonf/
wuúodkvf0ifwef;wGif atmif
csufaumif;aom ausmif;odkY
ajymif;a&TUxm;vmMuonfudk
awG U jrif & onf / wpf c gu t
xufwef;ausmif;wpfckwGif t
wef;(at)wGif&Sdaom ausmif;
olu ausmif;wGif;ppf pmar;yGJ
rsm;wG i f yxrqk & &S d c J h N yD ; w
u,fwuúov
kd 0f ifwef;pmar;yGJ
wGif atmifjrifvmjcif;r&Sad om
ausmif;rsm;vnf;&Sdvmonf/
ausmif;u q&m? q&mrrsm;\
usL&SifwGif rwufbJ tjcm;usL
&Sifwufaom ausmif;om;u
*kPfxl;rsm;jzihf atmifjrifvm
onf r sd K ;vnf ; awG U &onf /
onf a wmh usL&S i f y J j zpf j zpf ?
ausmif;rSmyJjzpfjzpf wu,ft
&nf t csif ; &S d & S d apwemjynf h
jynfh jzifh oifaom q&mrsm; *kPf
wuf v monf / wynh f r sm;\
cspcf ifr?I ausmif;om;rdbrsm;\
tm;udk;rIu ydkrdkvmonf/ onf
awmh b,fae&mrSmyif oifoif
t&nftcsif;ESihf apwemu t
"duusonf/

pma&;olwdkY i,fi,fu
awmh av;em&Dxdk; ausmif;qif;
vQif tdrt
f vkyu
f v
l yk ?f a&rd;k csKd ;
xrif;pm;NyD;onfESihf wpfjym;
wpfcsyfrS r,laom twef;ydkif
q&mtdrfokdY wef;vHk;uRwf oGm;
tdy&f onf/ q&mu pmoifay;
onf/ q&mhrdbrsm;u rkefYauR;
onf / csrf ; omí auR;jcif ; r
[kwf? apwemESihf auR;jcif;jzpf
onf/ ntdyfwdkif;vnf; bk&m;
&Sdckd;tdyf&onf/ ESpfukefí uef
awmh v Qif y if q&mu ]]'gu
uRefawmhwm0efygAsm}}qkdaom
q&mh apwemES ih f taztar
rsm;u ]]uav;udk q&mhudk tyf
ygw,f/ ½kdufvnf;qHk;ryg}}[k
q&mudk ,HkMunfav;pm; tm;
xm;vkdufawmhonf/ i,fi,f
u q&mhudk ,cktcsdefrSm ydkí
vGrf;rdawmhonf/
tem*wftwGuf vli,f
rsm;ud k ]]vl i ,f a wG [ m Ek d i f i H
awmftwGuf tem*wf\ om;
aumif; &wemjzpfw,f}}[k a<u;
aMumfjyae½Hrk Qjzihf r&awmh b,f
vkd apwemrsdK;jzifh ay;Murnf
enf ; / rd b a&m q&mygru
oufqkdif&myg 0kdif;0ef;pOf;pm;
oH;k oyf&vdrrhf nf[k xifjrifryd g
awmhonf/
/

26

Article

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

om;wdkYorD;wdkY&JUoli,fcsif;rsm;vnf; pmoifcef;udk ausmckdif;íroGm;ap&
armifomcsdK
(wpf)
Education for All. tm;vHk;t
wGuyf nma&;wJ/h cGet
f m;&Sv
d u
kd f
wJhpum;vHk;/ pdwf"mwfEkd;<up
&maumif;vdkufwJh aqmifyk'f/
ajcukev
f ufyef;usaewJh olawG
twGuf a&Ta&mifawG aiGa&mif
awG NydK;NydK;jyufjyuf awmufy
aeapvdkufwm/ All wJh/ tukef
vHk;? tm;vHk;? wpfa,mufrusef
qdkonfh teuft"dyÜm,f/ ynm
txl;ojzihf tajccHynmudk vl
wdkif;vlwdkif; cGifhwlnDrQ oif,l
cGihf &&SdMu&aprnf[lonfh rl0g
'oabmxm;/
odkYaomf trsdK;rsdK; taxG
axGaom b0tajctaersm;
aMumihf wu,fhudk vlwkdif;vl
wkdif;wdkY ynmoifcGifh &Muygp/
ynmoifcGifh &MuonfyJxm;
oifMum;&onfhtajctae t
&yf&yfwdkYu cGifhwlnDrQMuygap/
xkdifcHktaetxm;? pmoifcef;
taetxm;? ausmif;y&0kPt
f
aetxm;? q&m q&mr tae
txm;? tm;upm;uGif; tae
txm; ponfponfponf/
(ESpf)
jrefrmjynfwpfeHwpfvsm;
od k Y uRef a wmf w d k Y c&D ; oG m ;Mu
aomtcg n§dK;a&mfaeonfh pm
oifausmif;uav;rsm;pGmudk [kd
em;rSm ukyfukyfudkif;ukdif; onf
em;rSm qkwfqkwfqdkif;qdkif;jzifh
awGU&wwfygonf/
&THUñGefvl;onhf v,fuef
oif ; ½d k ; uav;\tqH k ; v,f
uGif;jyif tpyfem;qDrSm rdk;xJ
avxJ renf;BuD; tm;cJum &yf
ae&&Smonhf "edrdk; x&Hum pm
oifausmif;uav;/ avSum;
vuf&ef;u caemfceJY 0g;Murf;
cif;u vIyfvDvIyfvJh pmoifckH
uav;awG ,dik ,
f ikd &f UJG &GUJ ESifh xef;
awmxJupmoifausmif;uav;/
cefYxm;aom q&ma&mufrvm
vdkY? a&mufvmNyD;umrS ausm
ckdif;xGufcGmoGm;vkdY vufusef
q&mreJY bmom&yfrSeforQ &
atmifoif&if; ,dkifxdk;,dkifxdk;
ESihf avQmufvrS ;f aeonfh pmoif
ausmif;uav;/
wpfcsdKUuav;awGu zdeyf
ryg/ wpfcsdKUuav;awGu rkefY
zd;k Avm/ uav;xde;f &if; ausmif;
wuf/ EGm;ausmif;&if ausmif;
wuf/ ig;a&mif;&if; ausmif;
wuf/tazaovdYkausmif;xGu/f
taraovdkY ausmif;xGuf/ pm
yGx
J ;kd vkyzf Ykdausmif;xGu/f ausmif;
u [kd;ta0;BuD;rSmrdkY ausmif;
xGuf/

txufrif;vSNrdKUe,f ayawmukef;aus;&Gm rlvwef;ausmif;\ jrifuGif;

&efuek Nf rKd Uay:wGiu
f m; wpf
vudk q,figh;odef;ESifh odef;ESpf
q,f Mum;&SdrS ynmoif v k d Y &
onfh EkdifiHwumausmif; (InterdS g
national School) awGtxd&y
onf/ wpfvudk ESpfodef;cGJESihf
okH;odef;Mum; usoifh onfh EkdifiH
wum ausmif; (International

yrm tuGmjcm;BuD; uGmjcm;ae
wmuawmh tm;vH;k todyifjzpf
ygonf/ cGiw
fh n
l rD Qatmif b,f
vdkvkyfMu&ygh/
(oHk;)
uRefawmfwdkYEkdifiHu LDC
EkdifiHtjzpf 1987 ckESpfuyif
pm&if;0ifxm;cJhNyD;jzpfygonf/

odYk a&muf&NdS y;D jzpfonfh pifumyl
uyif 2012ynma&;toH;k p&dwf
u 20 &mckid Ef eI ;f wJ/h 'gqdk 2011
wkef;u ynma&;twGuf wpf
&mckid Ef eI ;f vkycf w
hJ m uReaf wmfwYkd
EdkifiHtwGuf enf;vGef;raebl;
vm;/ onfawmh qifhyg;pyfudk
ESrf;ESihfyufovdk te,fe,ft

&THY ñGefvl;onhf v,fuefoif;½dk;uav;\tqHk; v,fuGif;jyif
tpyfem;qDrSm rdk;xJavxJ renf;BuD; tm;cJum &yfae&&SmonfU
"edrdk;x&Hum pmoifausmif;uav;/ avSum;vuf&ef;u caemfceJh
0g;Murf;cif;u vIyfvDvIyfvJh pmoifcHkuav;awG ,dkif,dkif&GJY &GJYESihf
xef;awmxJu pmoifausmif;uav;/ cefYxm;aom q&m
a&mufrvmvdkY? a&mufvmNyD;umrS ausmckdif;xGufcGmoGm;vkdY vufusef
q&mreJY bmom&yfrSeforQ &atmifoif&if; ,dkifxdk;,dkifxdk;ESifh
avQmufvSrf;aeonfU pmoifausmif;uav;
School )

awG v nf ; &Sdyg\/
tysH p m; q&m q&mrawG e J Y /
abmvH k ; uG i f ; eJ Y / bwf p uuf
abmuGif;eJY/ a&ul;uefeJY/ pE´
&m;eJY/ yef;csDcef;eJY/ wu,fudkif
&aomuGeyf sLwmawGe/YJ ausmif;
um;tvStyeJY/ jynfwGif;jzpf
pmar;yGJrsm;udk ajzqdkzdkY olwdkYrSm
pdwful;r&Sd/ jynfwGif;jzpfbGJU'D*
&Drsm;udk ,l&efvnf; olwdkYb,f
aomtcgrS rpOf;pm;/
Education for All [k rnf
odkYyif ajymaeapumrl trSefw
u,f r All Ekid w
f muawmh vuf
awGUjzpfygonf/ &efukefNrdKUay:
u emrnfausmfausmif;rsm;ESihf
wGJzuftxufwef;ausmif;u
uav;wdt
Yk Mum; trSw&f yHck si;f
*kPfxl;&yHkcsif;awGu rdk;ESihfajr

Least Developed Country/ zGUH

NzdK;wdk;wufrI tedrfhusqHk;EdkifiH/
onftjzpfuae ½kef;xGufEkdifzdkY
u vlom;ukd zGHUNzdK;atmif vkyf
aqmif r I ü &if ; ES D ; jr§ K yf E S H & rnf
(Investment in Human Development) [k ynm&SifwdkYu
t BuaH y;xm;MuNy;D jzpfygonf/
ukvtwGif;a&;rSL;csKyfa[mif;
udkzDtmeefuvnf; jrefrmEkdifiH
zGUH NzKd ;zdYk ynmü &if;ES;D jrK§ yEf &HS rnf
[k vrf;ñTefcJhzl;yg\/ q&mr
BuD;a'gufwma':jrihfjrifhcifu
Invest in education is the best
investment ever for the

wJh/ EkdifiHwdkYtwGuf
taumif;qHk;&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIrSm
ynma&;ü &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHjcif;wJh/
'ghaMumihfxifyg&JU/ yxrurÇm
country

&yf&yfu pmoifausmif;uav;
wdcYk rsm usKH vcDS snehf v
YJ /Ykd Education u for All zdkY awmfawmh udk
cufygonf/
(av;)
,ckESpf 2012 ZGefvqef;
qef;csif; 1 &ufü tajccHynm
ausmif;rsm;tm;vHk; rdk;ESihftwl
zGifhvSpfygonf/
q&mr*sL;ESifh uRefawmf
ajrmuf'*HkxJu t.v.u (1)
x-cGJwGif usif;yaom rdbrsm;
\ ynma&;axmufyrhH aI zmifa';
&Si;f (Parent's Foundation for
Education) yGJodkY wufa&muf
pum;ajymcJh&ygonf/
awmfawmfxl;jcm;onfhyGJ/
uRefawmfrBuHKzl;onfhyGJ/ wwf
Ekdifaom rdbwpfpku olwdkYt

csif;csif; vufwdkYum EducajzpfatmifvkyfMu
onfhyGJ/ 5 wef;u 10 wef;t
xd ausmif;aezdkYcufcJonfh u
av; 120 udk ausmif;qufxm;
onfhyGJ/ udk,fhom;&JU oli,fcsif;
ud k , f h o rD ; &J U ol i ,f c sif ; rsm;
ud,
k hf om;ud,
k o
hf rD;rsm;ESit
fh wl
ausmif;qufwufEidk zf Ykd axmuf
yHhvSL'gef;onfhyGJ/ 2012 ckESpf
Zefe0g&D 8 &ufrSpum pdwfo
abmxm;wdkufqdkifol rdbwdkY
vpOfvpOf &efyHkaiG 1000 pD
tajccHpkaqmif;vsuf xdk&&Sd
aomaiGjzihf Education for All
vkyMf ujcif;yifjzpfygonf/ausmif;
om;awGudkrS r[kwf/ rnfonhf
tvSLaiGudkrS aumufcHjcif;rjyK
&[laom rlt& &efyHkaiGr&Sdí
bmrS rvk y f E k d i f a om pmoif
tion for All

ausmif;ukyd g taqmufttkpH m;
yGJ? ukvm;xkdif? pmoifcHkutp
vlESihf olESifhwlaom ausmif;u
av;tjzpfoYkd a&muf&v
d S matmif
onfrb
d rsm;\ ynma&;axmuf
yHhrIazmifa';&Sif;u pGrf;aqmif
vmMujcif;jzpfygonf/
Ek d i f i H tES H Y t jym;ü bk e f ;
awmfBuD; OD;aqmifonfh y&[d
wpmoifausmif;rsm;? oDv&Sif
q&mav;wdkY OD;aqmifonfh y
&[dwpmoifausmif;rsm;? NGO
trsdK;rsdK;wdkYu uruxjyKonhf
y&[dwpmoifausmif;rsm; p
onf ponfwkdYtjyif yk*¾vdu
wwfEidk o
f t
l csKd Uwdu
Yk vnf; azmif
a';&S i f ; rsm; wnf a xmif u m
Education for All jzpfzYkd aqmif
&Guaf eMuonfrsm;udk uReaf wmf
wdkY tm;vHk;todyifjzpfygonf/
odkYaomf rdrsm; brsm;u
udk,fhom;udk,fhorD;wdkY pmoif
cef;xJü a&muf&adS ecsed w
f iG f om;
wdYk orD;wd\
Yk oli,fcsif;uav;
awG vrf;ray:a&mufroGm;bJ
twlwuG pmoifaeEkid Mf uzdYk BuH
pnfMu? aqG;aEG;Mu n§Ed idI ;f Mu t
aumiftxnfazmfMuwmudjk zifh
'*HkNrdKUopfajrmufykdif; t.v.
u (1) x-cGrJ SmyJ BuHKzl;cJhwmudk
uReaf wmf0efcv
H ydk gonf/
q&mrBuD; a'gufwma':
jrifhjrifhcif ajymovdk wwfEkdif
olu aumif;aumif;oif,l r
wwfEkdifolu jzpfovdkoif,l
aeMu&ojzihf cGiw
hf n
l rD Q pmoif
cef;rsm; rjzpfao;onfw
h idk f oif
,lcGifhuav; &aeatmifpGrf;
aqmifay;aeMuolrsm;udkjzihf
uRefawmf aus;Zl;wifaerdyg
onf/ txl;ojzihf '*HkNrdKUopf
ajrmufyikd ;f t.v.u (1) x- cGJ
0ef;usifu rdrsm; brsm;.../

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

wpfoD;yk*¾vudk,fpm;vS,favmif; a'gufwmwl;*sm ygwDopfwnfaxmifrnf
axmifr,fvYkd pOf;pm;xm;w,f/
aemuf 2 v? 3 v Mumavmuf
rSm jzpfEkdifw,f}} [k ajymMum;
onf/
a'gufwmreefw;l *smonf
ucsifvGwfajrmufa&; acgif;
aqmifa[mif; wpfOD;jzpfum
2010 a&G ; aumuf y J G w G i f 0if
a&muf,OS Nf yKd i&f eftwGuf ucsif
wkd;wufa&;ygwDudk rSwfykHwif
cJhzl;oljzpfonf/ a&G;aumufyJG
aumfr&Sifu ygwDwnfaxmif
cGiyhf w
d yf ifc&hJ m jynfaxmifpkBuHh
ckdifa&;ESifh zHGUNzdK;a&;ygwDodkY 0if
a&muf&ef xyfraH vQmufvmT wif

jrwfpkrGef
&efukef? ZGef-2
e,fajrvkNH cKH a&;t& Mum;jzwfa&G;aumufyGJ usi;f
y&ef,m,D a&TUqkid ;f xm;jcif;udk jyefvnf usi;f y
&efr&Sdawmhygu ucsifwkdif;&if;om; ygwDopf
wpfckwnfaxmifum 2015 a&G;aumufyw
GJ iG f 0if
a&muf,SOfNydKifoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; ucsifwkdif;
&if;om; wpfo;D yk*v
¾ ud,
k pf m;vS,af vmif; a'guf
wm reefwl;*smu 7Day News odkY ,aeYajym
Mum;onf/
ucsifjynfe,f? rkd;aumif;NrdKUe,frS vTwf
awmfudk,fpm;vS,favmif;wpfOD;jzpfol ¤if;u
]]Mum;jzwfa&G;aumufyJG &Sdao;w,f? r&Sdawmh
bl;qdw
k m rodao;bl;/ tvm;tvmr&Sad wmhb;l
qk&d ifawmh ucsiw
f idk ;f &if;om;ygwDtrnfeYJ ygwD

cJhonf/
Mum;jzwfa&G;aumufyjGJ yef
vnf usif;yvQifvnf; wpfoD;
yk*¾v udk,fpm;vS,favmif;t
aejzifh 0ifa&muf,SOfNydKifoGm;
rnf[k ¤if;u qufvufajym
onf/
]]oufqidk &f m aumfr&Siu
f
Mum;jzwfa&G;aumufyJGudk zsuf
odrf;vkdufNyDvdkY raMunmao;
bl;/ vkHNcHKa&;tajctae jyef
aumif;vm&if usif;yay;r,f
vdkY ajymxm;w,f/ vuf&Sdjzpf
aewJh wkdufyJGawG typftcwf
&yfpo
J mG ;&if usi;f yaumif; usi;f

yEkdifw,fvdkY arQmfvifhygw,f/
&mEIef;jynfhBuD;awmh r[kwfyg
bl;}} [k a'gufwmreefwl;*sm
uajymonf/
Ny;D cJo
h nfh{NyD1 &ufu usi;f
ycJhonfh Mum;jzwfa&G;aumuf
yJGumvwGif ucsifvGwfajrmuf
a&;wyfrawmf(KIA)ESifh tpdk;&
wyf r awmf M um; wk d u f y J G r sm;
jzpfymG ;vsu&f &dS m ucsijf ynfe,f
rkd;aumif;? zm;uefYESifh Aef;armf
NrKd Ue,frsm;wGif e,fajr vkNH cKH a&;
t& Mum;jzwfa&G;aumufyJGudk
tcsed t
f ueft
Y owfr&Sd a&TUqkid ;f
cJh&onf/

ajcavmufygyJ/ uRefawmfwdkY
WFP taeeJYuvnf; wdkuf½dkuf
axmufyahH ewmr[kwb
f ;l av/
tJ'D{&d,mawGrSm tvkyfvkyf
aewJh NGO awGqD ay;vkdufNyD;
awmh olwu
Ykd aewpfqifh vdt
k yf
wJh ae&mawGudk jzefYay;aewm/
'gqdk&if ig;aomif;cGJ? ajcmuf
aomif ; avmuf t xd u d k r&S m
azG E k d i f w mu bmtcuf t cJ
awG&SdaevdkYvJ/
t"duuawmh tJ'Da'o
rSm ppfjzpfaevdkYyJ/ uRefawmfwdkY
WFP uvnf; urÇmay:rSm Edkif
iHtrsm;BuD;ukd ulnDae&wm/
tmz*efepöwefwkdYvnf; ygyg
w,f/ olwdkYrSm pnf;urf;owf
rSwfcsufu&Sdw,f/ ppfjzpfwJh
ae&mjzpfaevdkY aygh/ wcsdKUus
awmh v nf ; vrf ; ur&S d a wmh
b,f u b,f v k d o G m ;&if tJ ' D
ae&mudk a&mufr,frSef; rodvdkY
yg/ tJ'Dae&mawGudk xGufajy;
wdr;f a&Smifaeawmh b,fvo
kd mG ;
ulnD&rSef; rodvdkYyg/ b,folrS
tJ ' D a e&mtxd u k d oG m ;ay;zd k Y
qdw
k m rvG,o
f vdk jzpfaevdyYk g/
aiGaMu;vnf;ygwmayghaemf/ t
ckcsdefxduawmh &wJhaiGaMu;eJY
ol w d k Y q D r S m t"d u vk d t yf w J h
ypön;f awGukd ydaYk eygw,f/ wcsKd U
awGuxifwm UN awGu ydkuf

qHawGtrsm;BuD; &SdaeMuw,f
vdx
Yk ifMuw,f/ trSeaf wmh UN
rSm ydkufqHtrsm;BuD; &Sdaewmr
[kwyf gbl;/ tvSL&Siaf wG? wjcm;
wkid ;f jynfBuD;awGqu
D aetvSL
aiGawGeyYJ J 'DtultnDawGukd vkd
tyfwJh vlawGqDudk jyefay;&
wmyg/ wjcm;wkdif;jynfu vSL
wmenf;enf;yJ &w,fqdk&if?
enf;enf;yJ vlawGqDudk ay;Edkif
w,f/ tu,fí rsm;rsm;&w,f
qdk&if ydkNyD;ay;Ekdifwmaygh/ UN
taeeJ Y u awmh ol Y b momol
ydkufqH&SdaeNyD;awmh vkdufvkyf
ay;wmr[kwfbl;/ wcsdKUae&m
awGu ay;roGm;bl;av/ ay;r
oGm;&wmuvnf; ppfjzpfaevd/Yk
xxNyD ; ayguf u G J r I a wG & S d a e
ao;vdkYaygh/
ucsifjynfe,frSm ppfyJGawGjzpf
aeawmh tvSL&SifEkdifiHawGu
WFP udk pdw0
f ifpm;vdkY ydkvSLwm
rsdK;&Sdvm;/
oD ; oef Y vmvS L wmrsKd ;
awmhr&Sdygbl;/ vSLzdkYawmh pDpOf
aew,fqw
kd mawmhod&ygw,f/
vuf&SdrSmawmh yHkrSefcJGwrf;eJY
yJ yHhydk;aew,f/ em*pfvdkrsdK;us
awmh vH;k 0uyfab;qdu
k af &muf
wmrsdK;jzpfoGm;wmudk;/ wlawmh
rwlygbl;/
/

]vuf&Sd ucsifppfajy;'ku©onf 28ç000 yJ tultnDay;Ekdifwmu
wjcm;vlawG b,frSm&SdaevJqkdwm rod&wmvnf;ygw,f}
WFP jrefrmEkdifiHqkdif&m Xmaeudk,fpm;vS,fESifh awGYqHkjcif;
tdjzLrGef? oef;aX;
ucsijf ynfe,fwiG f ucsiv
f w
G f ajrmufa&;wyfrawmfEiS hf jrefrmhwyfrawmfwYdkvufeufuikd yf #dyu©ppfyjGJ zpfymG ;aeonhf wpfEpS w
f mumvtwGi;f
ppfab;xGuaf jy; wdr;f a&Smifo&l pS af omif;ausm&f o
dS nf/ ppfajy;'kuo
© nfrsm;twGuf t"duvkt
d yfcsurf mS pm;eyf&u
d m© jzpfonf/ ,if; wkt
Yd wGuf
ukvor*¾pm;eyf&du©m axmufyHhulnD&ef vsmxm;rIudk WFP rS Xmaeudk,fpm;vS,f jrefrmEkdifiHqkdif&m 'g½dkufwm Mr. Carlos Veloso ESifh
ar;jref;rIrsm;udk aumufEkwfazmfjyvkdufygonf/
jrefrmEkdifiHwpfEdkifiHvHk;udk ulnD
zkd*s
Y yefuWFPudk10'or6oef;
vSLxm;awmh ucsifjynfe,fudk
b,fvkdulnDoGm;zdkY&SdovJ/
&ckdif? csif;? rauG;? &Srf;wdkY
udkvnf; ulnDae&awmh tJ'D
a'o&JU vdktyfcsufay:rlwnf
NyD; vkdtyf&ifvkdtyfovkd OD;pm;
ay;oGm;rSmyg/ 'gayrJh aocsm
wmuawmh uRefawmfwdkYvuf
xJrSm&SdwJh aiGaMu;&&SdrIay:rSm
vnf; rlwnfygao;w,f/
ucsifjynfe,fu vkdtyfcsuf
rsm;aevkdY wjcm;a'oawGudk
avQmh a y;zk d Y pD p Of a ew,f v k d Y
qdkvkdwmvm;/
wjcm;ae&mawG u tJ ' D
ae&mxuf yd k q d k ; ae&if a wmh
xGufajy;wdrf;a&SmifNyD; pm;p&m
r&SdwJh olwdkYawGudk ydkulnDr,f/
wjcm;ae&mawGudkawmh avQmh
cs&rSmaygh/
ucsifjynfe,ftwGuf qef
wefcsdef b,favmufvSLr,fvkdY
cefYrSef;xm;ovJ/
'DESpftwGif;rSmawmh qef
wefcsdef 7ç000 yJay;&vdrfhr,f
vkcYd efrY eS ;f xm;ygw,f/ tck ruf
x&pfwef 7ç000 yJ vkdw,fqkd
ayr,fh aemufvawGrSm enf;
&ifvnf; enf;oGm;Ekdifovkd vl
awGvnf; ykdvmEkdifw,fav/

vkdtyfcsufay: rlwnfygw,f/
'Dval wGukd oH;k v axmufyphH &m
vdkwmvm;? ig;v axmufyHhp
&mvkdwmvm;qdkwm tJ'De,f
ajru vlawG&JU vkdtyfcsufay:
rlwnfygw,f/
ul n D a y;aewJ h jynf w G i f ; u
vlraI &;tzJUG tpnf;awGuajym
w,f/ ulnDwJhpm&if;udk wpfo
rwfwnf; aumufoGm;NyD; ay;
wJhtcg wpf&ufeJYwpf&uf wdk;
vmwJh vlOD;a&twGufu ryg
vmbl;vkdY ajymw,f/ e*dk 'ku©
onfpm&if;twdkif; ulnDay;
aeawmh xyfwdk;vlawGtwGuf
b,fvkdtpDtpOfawG&SdovJ/
tJ'DNrdKUawGrSm owif;rSm;
awGuvnf; &Sdaew,f/ t&if
aumufxm;wJh pm&if;twkdif;
yJay;a0aewm/ bmaMumif'h v
D dk
jzpfoGm;&wmvJqdkawmh pm;eyf
&du©mawGudk &efukefuyJ tqifh
qifhydkY&w,f/ [dka&mufawmh
*dka'gifxJudkxnfhNyD; oHk;av;
&ufavmufMumrS pcef;awGqD
ydkY&w,f/ 'DMum;xJrSm vlawG
xyfydkvmwJhtcgus&if ray;
Edkifbl;/ wu,fvkdY wpfpcef;udk
ay;vk d u f & if aemuf p cef ; t
wG u f avsmh o G m ;rS m ud k pd k ; &d r f
w,f a v/ tu,f í yd k w ,f
qdk&ifawmh rQay;vkdufygw,f/

tJvkdrS r[kwfbl;qdk&if aemuf
vusrS ay;a0ygw,f/
tckvuf&Sd ucsifjynfe,frSm
ppfajy;'ku©onf b,favmuf
udk tultnDay;aevJ/
ucsif j ynf e ,f r S m xG u f
ajy;wdrf;a&SmifaewJh ppfajy;
'ku©onf 28ç000 twGuf pm;
eyf & d u © m tul t nD a y;aeyg
w,f/ pcef;awGudk t"duxm;
ay;aewm r[kwfygbl;/ vlawG
udkyJ t"duxm;ygw,f/ olwdkY
awGu pcef; 13 ckrmS aeovm;/
b,f E S p f c k r S m aeovJ r od y g
bl;/ arvwpfvwnf;rSmwif
qefwefcsdef 500 rufx&pfwef
ay;NyD;ygNyD/
IDP ta&twG u f u ucsif
jynfe,frSm wpfodef;eD;yg; &Sd
w,fvkYdMum;w,f/ bmaMumifh
rdkY 28ç000 yJ ulnDEdkif&wmvJ/
'Dxuf ydkulnDay;zdkY&m tpDt
pOf&Sdvm;/
wpf o d e f ; qd k w J h ta&t
wG u f u awmh tjyif u aecef Y
rS e f ; wmawG y g/ uRef a wmf w k d Y
UN awG INGO awG u awmh
tJ'Da'oudk oGm;NyD; odxm;wJh
ppfajy;'ku©onfta&twGuf
uawmh ig;aomif;cGJeJY ajcmuf
aomif; tJ'DMum;xJrSmyJ &Sdw,f
vkdY cefYrSef;xm;ygw,f/ 'gayrJh

uRefawmfwdkY tckay;aewJh ESpf
aomif;&Spfaxmiftjyif wjcm;
vlawG b,frSm&SdaevJqdkwm
rod & wmvnf ; ygygw,f /
ajcmufaomif;eD;yg;avmuf &Sd
w,fqdkwmvnf; odw,f/ 'g
ayrJh tJ'DvlawG b,frSm&Sdae
vJqdkwmeJY tJ'DvlawGqDudk t
pm;taomufawG pm;eyf&du©m
awG b,f v k d y d k Y & r,f q d k w m?
b,f v k d a &muf E d k i f r ,f q d k w m
t cuftcJawG &Sdaeao;w,f/
t ckqdkvnf; rdk;wGif;a&mufvm
NyDqdkawmh ydkqdk;wm uRefawmf
wkdYu um;eJYvnf; oGm;vdkYr&
awmhyJ vludk,fwkdifyJ xrf;oGm;
&rvm; rodbl;jzpfaew,f/ tJ
'Dvkdae&mawGvnf; trsm;BuD;
&Sad evdyYk g/ tJ'[
D mawGyg trsm;
BuD;pOf;pm;ae&vkdYyg/
ajcmufaomif;avmufqdkawmh
olwdkYae&mawGudk taotcsm
odNyD; tultnDay;EkdifzkdY wpf
enf;wpfvrf;aum pOf;pm;xm;
wm&Sdvm;/ twdtusod&&if
olwdkYvdkwmawGudk tultnD
ay;EkdifzdkY pDpOfxm;ovm;/
tJ ' D r S m &S d a ewJ h N G O,
INGO awGa&mu odaewmyJ/
olwaYkd wGeYJ aygif;pnf;Ny;D vkyaf e
ygw,f/ 'Dued ;f *Pef;avmuf &Sd
aew,fqdkwmuvnf; cefYrSef;

28

Current Affairs

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

]ESpfEkdifiHMum;rSm&SdaewJh b,fpDrHudef;urS jrefrmjynfolawG&JU
tajccHtusdK;pD;yGm;udk qefYusifr,fvdkY uRefawmfuawmh rxifbl;}
jrefrmEdkifiHqkdif&m w½kwfoHtrwfBuD;ESifh awGUqHkjcif;
Nidrf;Nidrf;Edkif
e,fedrdwfcsif; rdkifaygif;rsm;pGm
xdpyfaeaom jynfaxmifpo
k r®
wjrefrmEdkifiHESifh w½kwfjynfolY
or®wEkdifiHawmfwdkYonf a&S;r
qGuyif cspfMunf&if;ESD;pGm ae
xdkifcJhMuonf/ odkYaomf 1988
ckESpf aemufydkif;rSpí ESpfEkdifiH
tpd;k &qufqaH &; ydrk ekd ;D uyfvm
cJo
h nf/ txl;ojzifh tar&duef
tygt0if Oa&myor*¾ESihf t
aemuftyk pf u
k jrefrmEdik if w
H yfr
awmftpdk;&tay: oHwrefa&;
zdtm;ay;rI? pD;yGm;a&; uefYowf
jzwfawmuf ydwfqdkYrIrsm; ydkrdk
aqmif&u
G v
f monfh 1990 jynfh
vGefESpfrsm;rS pwifum w½kwfjrefrm qufqHa&;u ydkNyD;xJxJ
0if0if jzpfvmcJhonf/
,cktcg or®wOD;ode;f pdef
OD;aqmifaom t&yfom;tpd;k &

u EdkifiHawmftmPmvTJajymif;
&,lcJhNyD; odomjrifomaom
jyKjyifajymif;vJrIrsm;udk aqmif
&GufvmcJhonf/ xkdYtwl a':
atmif q ef ; pk M unf OD ; aqmif
onfh trsdK;om;'Drdk ua&pDtzGJU
csKyf? vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f
rsm; Mum;jzwfa&G;aumufyGJrS
wpfqifh vTwfawmfEkdifiHa&;odkY
ajccsvmEdkifcJhonf/
xkduJhodkY wkd;wufjzpfxGef;
rI t ajctaersm;aMumif h ES p f
aygif;rsm;pGmMumatmif urÇmh
tokdif;t0dkif;tv,fwGif 0dkif;
0ef;ydwq
f x
Ykd m;jcif;cH&onfh jref
rmEkdifiHtm; tar&duef tyg
t0if Oa&myor*¾EiS fh taemuf
tkyfpkwdkYu ta&;,lydwfqdkYrI
rsm;udk qdkif;iHhtqifhokdY avQmhcs
ay;cJhonf/ NAdwdef0efBuD;csKyf?
tar&d u ef Ed k i f i H j cm;a&; 0ef

BuD;ESifh tdE,
´d Ekid if 0H efBuD;csKyw
f Ykd
uJo
h aYdk om Edik if aHh cgif;aqmifrsm;
\ jrefrmhc&D;pOfrsm;u at;puf
aeaom qufqaH &;udk aEG;axG;
apcJo
h nf/ tpd;k &taejzihv
f nf;
tdref ;D csi;f rdwaf qGEidk if jH zpfaom
w½kwfjynfolYor®wEkdifiHwpf
EkdifiHudkom rSDckdae&onfhtajc
taerS urÇmodkY vrf;aygufrsm;
yGifhvmcJhonf/

þtajctaewdkYtay:
w½kwfjynfolY or®wEkdifiHtae
jzihrf nfoYkd tjrifrsm;&Sad eonfukd
7 Day News u jrefrmEki
d if q
H idk f
&m w½kwfjynfolY or®wEkdifiH
oHtrwfBu;D rpöwmvD*sef0SmESifh
oD;oefaY wGUqHak r;jref;cJyh gonf/
à vuf&Sd jrefrmjynfu jyKjyif
ajymif;vJa&;jzpfpOfawGudk oH
trwfBuD;taeeJY b,fvkd oHk;
oyfrdygovJ/

w½kwfoHtrwfBuD; rpöwmvD*sef0Sm

"mwfykH-Nidrf;Nidrf;Edkif

jrefrmjynfu jyKjyifajymif;
vJrItajctaeawGudk jrifawGU
&wm EdkifiHwumtokdif;t0kdif;
tzdkY tvGef0rf;ajrmuf0rf;om
jzpf&ovdk tvGefvnf; tHhMo
vd r f h r ,f v d k Y uRef a wmf x if y g
w,f/ 'DEdkifiHrSm oHwref wpfOD;
taeeJY wpfEpS cf aJG vmuf aexdik f
tNyD;rSmawmh tckvdk vsifjref
wJh tajymif;tvJawG jzpfay:
aewmudk rsujf rifawGU&vdYk uRef
awmf od y f u H a umif ; w,f v k d Y
ajym&r,f/ 'Dtajymif;tvJawG
u jrefrmjynfolwdkY&JU tajccH
tusd K ;pD ; yG m ;twG u f v k d Y uRef
awmf,HkMunfw,f/ jrefrmjynf
[m ESpfaygif;rsm;pGm txD;usef
jzpfc&Jh w,f/ EkdifiHwum tqifh
rS m a&m? a'owG i f ; tqih f r S m
yg txD;usefcJhygw,f/ 'g[m
cifAsm;wkdYaMumifh r[kwfbl;/
wjcm;vlawGaMumihfjzpfw,f/
uRef a wmf u uk v or*¾ r S m
vnf; tvkyv
f yk cf &hJ awmh jrefrm
Ekid if t
H ay: taemufEikd if aH wG&UJ
zd tm;u b,fvydk pkH v
H q
J w
kd m od
cJh&ygw,f/ aocsmwmuawmh
w½kwu
f 'gudo
k abmrwlygbl;/
'gayrJh bmjzpfjzpf a&G;aumufcH
tpk;d &wpf&yfu acgif;aqmifNy;D
Edik if t
H wGu?f jynfoal wGtwGuf
ydkaumif;wJh
pm(29)okdY

29

Current Affairs

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

pm(28)rStquf
pwifrw
I pfcu
k kd azmfaqmifEidk Nf yD
jzpfwt
hJ wGuft vGe0f rf;omp&m
aumif;ygw,f/ bmaMumihfvJ
qdkawmh ordkif;rSm jrefrm[m
'Da'o&JU wu,fhOD;aqmifEkdiif H
wpfckjzpfcJhw,f/ 1950-1960
jynfv
h eG Ef pS af wGuaygh/ tckawmh
jrefrmEkdifiH[m olYvrf;aMumif;
udo
k zl efw;D cJyh g Ny/D uReaf wmfxif
w,f? cifAsm;ar;cGe;f twGuf wl
nDwJhtajzawGyJ &vdrfhr,fqdk
wm/ 'Dtajymif;tvJawGudk uRef
awmfwdkY odyfauseyfrdygw,f/
à 'gqdktckjzpfay:aewJh jyKjyif
ajymif;vJa&; jzpfpOfawG[m
w½kwfEkdifiHtay: tusdK;ouf
a&mufrIawGrsm; &Sdaervm;/
cifAsm;odwt
hJ wkid ;f w½kwf
eJY jrefrm[m tvGefeD;uyfwJh
td r f e D ; csif ; Ek d i f i H a wG y g/ uRef
awmfwkdY[m tjyeftvSeaf xmuf
cHtm;ay;cJhMuw,f/ odyfcuf
cJwJh tajctaeawGrSmawmif
uRefawmfwdkY wpfOD;eJY wpfOD;
em;vnfcJhMuw,f/ uRefawmf
wdkY ESpfEkdifiHqufqHa&; wdk;jr§ifh
&wJh taMumif;t&if;uawmh
jrefrmEkdifiH[m taemuftkyfpk
&JU zdtm;ay;rIudk cHae&vdkYygyJ/
uReaf wmfwYkd jrefrmtpd;k &udk yGihf

yGiv
hf if;vif; vGwv
f w
G v
f yfvyf
eJY EdkifiHjcm;tpdk;&awGeJY aqG;aEG;
aphpyfzdkY tNrJyJ wkdufwGef;cJhwm
yg/ bmaMumihfvJqdkawmh uRef
awmfwdkY ,HkMunfwmu jrefrm
Ekid if &H UJ jynfwiG ;f a&;udk 0ifa&muf
rpGuzf ufoifb
h ;l / jrefrmEkid if &H UJ
tcsKyftjcmtmPmudk av;pm;
oif h w ,f q d k w myJ / 'gaMumih f
jrefrmeJY w½kwf qufqHa&;udk
tajymif;tvJawGu tusdK;
oufa&mufrvm;qd&k if ][kwu
f hJ
oufa&mufygw,fvdkY ajz&rSm
yJ}/ 'g[mtjyKoabm aqmif
wJh tcGifhtvrf;oufa&mufrI
rsdK;yg/ bmvdkYvJqdkawmh wjcm;
Ek d i f i H a wG e J Y jref r mEk d i f i H quf
qH a &;[m jynf w G i f ; tajct
aeawGudk wkd;wufapNyD;? tm;
vHk;yg0ifrIudk jzpfay:apvdkYyg/
'gqdk&if uRefawmfwdkYtwGuf
yl ; aygif ; aqmif & G u f r I e,f
y,f [ mvnf ; us,f 0 ef ; vm
ygr,f/ 'gaMumifh tvGeftjyK
oabmaqmifwJh tcGifhtvrf;
vkdY uRefawmfajymwmyg/ w½kwf
EdkifiHeJY ywfoufvkdY wcsdKUrrSef
ruef owif;ay;ydkYcsufawGu
vnf; jrefrmhp;D yGm;a&;rSm w½kwf
&JU yg0ifru
I kd a&mifjyef[yfapcJyh g

w,f/ ½dk;½dk;om;om; ajym&&if
uReaf wmf tvGeyf J tHt
h m;oif&h
ygw,f/ bmaMumihfvJqdkawmh
tJ'o
D wif;awG[m wu,h&f nf
&G,fcsuf tppftrSef? wu,fh
tcsuftvuf trSefawGukd o
abmaygufxm;w,fvdkY uRef
awmfrxifvkdYygyJ/
à jrefrmEdik if rH mS Ekid if w
H um&JU yg
0ifvmrI trsm;tjym;udk oHt
rwfBuD;jrifae&NyDqdkawmh 'Dt
csuu
f jrefrmEkid if rH mS &Sw
d hJ w½kwf
Ekid if &H UJ tcef;u@udk wpfpw
kH pf
&m Ncrd ;f ajcmufrI jzpfr,fvx
Ydk ifyg
ovm;/
vH;k 0 rxifygbl;/ taMumif;
jycsufuawmh ½dk;½dk;av;yg/ pOf;
pm;p&muvnf; ½dk;½dk;av;yg/
jrefrmEdkifiH[m udk,hfudk,fudk,f
,HkMunfrIydk&SdvmzdkY? ydk<u,f0NyD;
ydkwnfNidrfvmzdkY EdkifiHjcm; wkdif;
jynfawGeJY ydkyl;aygif;aqmif&Guf
vmEkdifr,f/ tJ'gqdk jrefrmeJY w
½kwfMum; yl;aygif;aqmif&GufrI
tcGifhtvrf;awG ydkcsJUxGifvm
Ek d i f N yD ; tNyd K if j zpf v mr,f / 'g
aMumihf jrefrmeJY tjcm;EkdifiHawG
Mum;qufqHa&; wkd;wufvm
jcif;aMumifh jrefrmeJY w½kwfydkrdk
yl;aygif;aqmif&u
G v
f mzdYk tcGifh
tvrf;awG rsm;vmr,fvdkY uRef
awmfajym&jcif;yg/ ydkNyD;NydKifqkdif

rIrsm;vmNyq
D &kd if uReaf wmfwu
Ydk
vnf; tajctaeeJv
Y u
dk af tmif
ajymif;vJzdkY vdktyfvmygw,f/
tJ'gaMumihf jrefrmeJY w½kwMf um;
yl;aygif;aqmif&u
G rf [
I m wjcm;
EkdifiHtzGJUtpnf;awGeJY yl;aygif;
aqmif&u
G jf cif;vnf;jzpfygw,f/
'gaMumihf cifAsm;&JU ar;cGef;udk
ajz&&if jrefrmeJYy;l aygif;aqmif
&Gurf I wk;d wufjri§ w
hf ifNy;D wjcm;
Ekid if aH wGeyYJ g yl;aygif;aqmif&u
G f
Ekdifatmif vkyfaqmif&rSmjzpf
ygw,f/
à w½kwfEkdifiHu jrefrmEdkifiHudk
ESppf OfEpS w
f ikd ;f ay;aewJh tult
nDawGeYJ ywfoufNy;D awmhvnf;
ar;csiyf gw,f/ w½kwEf idk if &H UJ t
ultnDawG jynfoal wGqD wku
d f
½dkufa&mufzdkY b,fvrf;aMumif;
awGu oGm;aevJqdkwm oHt
rwfBuD; ajymjyay;yg/
cifAsm;&JU ar;cGef;udk 'Dvkd
ajzcsifygw,f/ w½kwf&JU tul
tnD[m tNrJyJ tpdk;&tcsif;
csif;oGm;aewmtrSefyg/ 'g[m
jrefrmeJY w½kwMf um;u >cif;csuf
r[kwfbJ jrefrmeJY tdE´d,? *syef
eJY jrefrmMum;rSmvnf; 'DvkdyJ
vkdY xifygw,f/ tmqD,HeJY jref
rmMum;rSma&maygh/ 'g[m EkdifiH
wumu usifhoHk;aewmjzpfNyD;
w½kwfEdkifiH wpfEdkifiHwnf;u

r[kwfygbl;/ w½kwfEkdifiHtul
tnDawG[m jrefrmjynfolawG
qD b,favmufwu
dk ½f u
kd af &muf
vJqdk&if cifAsm;odwJhtwkdif;
w½kwftultnD[m tajccH
taqmufttHkawGjzpfwJh wH
wm;awG? ta0;ajy;vrf;awG?
&xm;vrf;awG? "mwftm;ay;
puf½HkawGvdk tajccHtaqmuf
ttHkawGtwGuf oHk;aewmyg/
uRefawmfxifwmuawmh wH
wm;wpfpif;aqmufwm[m t
pd;k &yJ oH;k aeNy;D awmh omrefjynf
olawGroHk;Ekdifbl;vkdY ajymr,f
qd k & if tJ ' grrS e f y gbl ; / bm
aMumihfvJqdkawmh wHwm;oHk;
oltrsm;pk[m omrefjynfol
awGyJav/ 'gayrJh aemiftem
*wfrSm w½kwf&JUtultnD[m
tpdk;&csif;u@rSmwifr[kwf
bJ jynfoltcsif;csif; yHkpHrsdK;eJY
oGm;&rSmyg/ jrefrmudk w½kwf&JU
tultnD[m tpk;d &tcsi;f csi;f
jzpfayrJh tpkd;&udkyJ uefYowf
NyD;ay;wm r[kwfygbl;/ ydkNyD;t
a&;BuD;wm b,fwHwm;? b,f
puf½HkyJ aqmufaqmuf jynfol
awGtusKd ;udk tm½Hjk yKNy;D tajccH
0efaqmifrIawGay;zdkY tNrJOD;
wnfygw,f/
àckeajymovdk tajccHtaqmuf
ttHkqdkif&m tultnDawG ay;

wmxuf vlom;csif;pmemrI t
ultnDawGay;zdkY oHtrwfBuD;
wdkY w½kwfEkdifiHu aqmif&Guf
xm;wmrsdK;r&Sdbl;vm;/
tajccHtm;jzihf ESpfckajym
&r,fxifygw,f/ yxru em
*pfrkefwkdif;eJY ivsifwkef;uvkd
ta&;ay:tajctaeeJ Y ywf
oufvdkY tultnDawGay;cJhyg
w,f/ 'kwd, tcsufuawmh
aeYpOfb0&Sifoefa&;rSm a'o
cHawGtwGuf ausmif;awG? aq;
cef ; awG aqmuf z d k Y ? vrf ; yef ;
qufoG,fa&;wdk;wufzdkY rdb
rJhuav;awG pwmawGtwGuf
uefa':vmoef;aygif;rsm;pGm
vSL'gef;cJhygw,f/ 'gawmh vl
om;csif; pmemaxmufxm;rI
qkdif&m vSL'gef;rIawGyJ jzpfyg
w,f/ uRefawmfwdkY[m tem
*wfrmS vlom;csi;f pmemaxmuf
xm;rI qkid &f mtultnDawGom
rubJ vkyo
f m;awGjynfv
h QaH ewJh
puf½HkawG wnfaqmufa&;rSm
vufawGUuswJh yl;aygif;aqmif
&Gurf rI sm;udyk J jrifcsiyf gw,f/ 'g
qdk&if jrefrmjynfolawG tvkyf
tudik t
f cGit
hf vrf;awG yd&k vm
ygvdrfhr,f/
pm(30)okdY

30

Current Affairs
pm-29? jrefrmEdkifiHqkdif&m w½kwfoHtrwfBuD;ESifh awGUqHkjcif; rS
à jrefrmjynfolawG[m w½kwf
Ekid if eH YJ ywfoufNy;D em;vnfxm;
Muwmu w½kwEf ikd if [
H m jrefrm
EdkifiHeJY tvkyfvkyfwJhtcgwdkif;
olYtusdK;pD;yGm;udkyJ Munfhw,f
vdYk qdMk uw,f/ 'Dvdk xifjrifcsuf
udk oHtrwfBuD;taeeJY oabm
wlygovm;/
'Dv,
dk q
l csurf sKd ;udk oabm
rwlEkdifygbl;/ uRefawmfwdkYrSm
tNrJyJ uGmjcm;wJh tusdK;pD;yGm;
awG&Sdygw,f/ 'gayrJh w½kwf
tpdk;&&JU tajccHoabmw&m;
u EdkifiHjcm;wkdif;jynfawGeJY yl;
aygif;aqmif&Guf&mrSm txl;
ojzihf zGHUNzdK;qJEkdifiHawGeJY yl;
aygif;aqmif&Guf&mrSm twlwl
yJjzpfygw,f/ uRefawmfwdkY&JU
tusdK;pD;yGm;udk yxrxm;NyD;
vkyfzdkY r[kwfygbl;/ yl;aygif;
aqmif&GufrIvkyf&mrSm a'ocH
jynfolawG&JU tusdK;pD;yGm;udk
yxrxm;oihfw,f/ ESpfEdkifiH
Mum;rSm &SdaewJh b,fpDrHudef;
urS jrefrmjynfolawG&JU tajc
cHtusdK;pD;yGm;udk qefYusifr,f
vdkY uRefawmfuawmh rxifbl;/
à jrpfqHkpDrHudef; &yfqdkif;wmeJY
ywfoufNy;D oHtrwfBuD;tjrif
udk ajymygOD;/
jrpfqHkpDrHudef;eJY ywfouf
NyD; BuD;BuD;rm;rm; jiif;cHkrIawG&Sd
aeygw,f/ 'DprD u
H ed ;f udk &yfem;cJh
w,f/ tJ'DrSm uRefawmfordkif;
aMumif;av; jyefajymcsiyf gw,f/
'DpDrHudef;udk jrefrmtpdk;&buf
upcJw
h m/ w½kwu
f rk P
Ü aD wGudk
zdwfac:cJhwmyg/ ESpfaygif;rsm;
pGmESpfzufaqG;aEG;rIawGvkyfNyD;
em;vnfrIpmcRefvTmawG vuf
rSwfa&;xkd;cJhw,f/ tck tpdk;&
u 'DpDrHudef;udk qdkif;iHhzdkY qHk;
jzwfcyhJ gw,f/ 'gayrJh 'DprD u
H ed ;f
udk &yfypfr,fqw
kd m vH;k 0r[kwf
ygbl;/ tckjrpfqHkudpöajymae
MuwJh jrefrmr[kww
f hJ tzGUJ awG
u jrefrmjynfoal wGxufawmif
pdk;&drfNyD; ydkodaeMuovdkyJ/ jref
rmjynfoal wGtm;vH;k 'DprD u
H ed ;f
uk d vuf c H w ,f v k d Y uRef a wmf
rajymygbl;/ NyD;awmh jynfol
awGtm;vHk;u axmufcHw,f
vkdYvnf; rajymygbl;/ a'ocH
vlenf;pku qefYusifMurSmyg/
wu,fvdkY 'DqnfawG[m ab;
tEÅ&m,fruif;bl;? pdwfrcs&
bl;qdk&if pdwfxJrSm ay:vmwJh
ar;cGef;u tJ'Dvdk qnfBuD;awG
aqmufxm;NyD;wJh EkdifiHawGrSm
qdk b,fvdkvkyfrvJqdkwmygyJ/
'D a 'ouvl a wG & J U t&rf ; ud k
obm0uswhJpd;k &dryf yl efraI wG udk
uRefawmfem;vnfEkdifygw,f/
uRefawmfxifw,f? wm0ef&SdwJh
csOf;uyfrIvdkovkd pdk;&drfrIawG
udk ajz&Sif;ay;zdkY? acszsufay;zdkY
tajz&SmzdkY vdkr,fxifygw,f/
tpdk;&taeeJY zGHUNzdK;a&;r[mAsL
[mawGudk csdefq&ovdk av;
av;eufeufvnf; pOf;pm;&yg
w,f/ uRefawmfwdkY&JU t&if ;

tjrpfawGudk toHk;cszdkY? zGHUNzdK;
atmifvkyfzdkY? vltrsm;twGuf
tusdK;&Sdatmif vkyfzdkYtwGuf
enf ; vrf ; &S m azG & ygr,f / vl
enf;pk&JU pdk;&drfylyefrIawGudk ajz
&S i f ; zd k Y enf ; vrf ; awG &S m azG &
ygr,f/ olwdkY&JU b0awGudk xd
cku
d rf I tenf;qH;k jzpfatmif vkyf
&ygr,f/ uRefawmfxifwmu
awmh 'gvnf; 'Drdkua&pDenf;
vrf;yJjzpfygw,f/
à rMumao;cifu w½kwrf 'D ,
D m
awGrSm a&;om;xm;wmrSm tJ
'DprD u
H ed ;f jyefpr,fqw
kd hJ owif;
awGygw,f/ tJ'DtcsufeJY ywf
oufNy;D oHtrwfBu;D taeeJY wd
wdususajymEkdifygovm;/
tJ'Dowif;rrSefygbl;/ r
MumcifrSm 'DpDrHudef;BuD;jyefp
r,fqdkwm rrSefygbl;/ aqG;aEG;
wkdifyifrIawG rNyD;jywfbJeJY t
csKyftjcmtmPmydkif EkdifiHwpf
EdkifiHjzpfwJh jrefrmEkdifiHu rD;pdrf;
rjycJ&h if Ekid if jH cm;ukrP
Ü aD wGjzpf
wJh w½kwfukrÜPDawGu b,f
vdkvkyf qnfaqmufvkdY&rvJ/
'g½dk;½kd;&Sif;&Sif;av;yg/wpfzuf
uvnf; w½kwfukrÜPDawG t
aeeJY 'gukdtjrefqHk; jyefrpvdk
bl;vkdY rqdkvdkygbl;/ bmvdkYvJ
qdkawmh olwkdYbufuvnf; aiG
aMu;awG qHk;½HI;aew,f/ a':
vmbDvD,HeJYcsDaeNyD/ aqmuf
vkyaf &;oH;k ud&,
d mawGuvnf;
'Dtwkid ;f ypfxm;&w,f/ ukrP
Ü D
u 'Dv&kd if;ES;D xm;Ny;D cgrS 'Dvq
kd ikd ;f
iHhvkdufw,fqdkawmh zsufodrf;
wmr[kwfbl;vdkY ukrÜPDawGudk
tod a y;xm;wJ h t wG u f pD r H
udef;jyefpzdkY b,fvkd n§dEIdif;aqG;
aEG;rIawG vkyfMurvJqdkwJh ar;
cGef;awGu xGufvmw,f/
à ckeu oHtrwfBu;D ajymwJh w
½kwu
f rk P
Ü aD wG&UJ qH;k ½I;H rIayghav/
uRefrwdYk or®wu qdik ;f iHzh Ykd qk;H
jzwfvu
kd w
f mjzpfwJhtwGuf jref
rmEdkifiH&JU 'Drdkua&pDtoGiful;
ajymif ; a&;u w½k w f E k d i f i H u d k
oufa&mufaew,fvYkd ajym&rSm
aygh/
or®wu 'DprD u
H ed ;f udk qdik ;f
iHhzdkY aMunmvkdufwJh tcsdefrSm
w½kwu
f rk P
Ü aD wGu a':vmbD
vD,Hrsm;pGm &if;ESD;xm;NyD; jzpf
wJhtwGufaMumihf xdcdkufrI&Sd
w,fqdkwm txift&Sm;ygyJ/
'gayrJ h wu,f a wmh aocsm
wmu w½kwfukrÜPDawGwif r
ubl;/ EkdifiHjcm;ukrÜPDawGu
vnf; jrefrmEdkifiHrSm &if;ESD;jr§Kyf
ESHrIawGtrsm;BuD; vkyfNyD;wJht
cg tJ'DpDrHudef;awGudk aemuf
us&if qdkif;iHhypfrSmvm;qdkw J h
ar;cG e f ; rsd K ; ar;vmvd r f h r ,f /
'g[m &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHolawG&JU ,Hk
MunfrIudk xdckdufapEkdifw,f/
ES p f a ygif ; rsm;pG m taumif t
xnfazmf&wJh pDrHudef;awGrSm
&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHolawG&JU ,HkMunfrI
ckid rf matmifvyk &f ygr,f/ rMum
ao;cifu za,mif;wdik x
f eG ;f Ny;D

qE´azmfxkwfrIawGudk Munfh&if
xif&Sm;aewmuawmh vQyfppf
"mwftm;r&SdbJeJY a&&SnfzGHUNzdK;
wkd;wufa&;twGuf ywf 0 ef ;
usifwpf&yf rzefwD;Edkifbl;qdk
wmygyJ/ 'gqdk&if omrefjynfol
awGtwGufwifah wmifw
h ifw
h ,f
b0&&SdzdkY rarQmfvihfEkdifygbl;/
à oHtrwfBuD;ajymovdyk J Ekid if H
wpf0ef;u za,mif;wdkifxGef;
qE´azmfxkwfrIawGeJY ajr,m
qHk;½HI;rIaMumihf qE´azmfxkwfrI
awGu jrefrmEkdifiHrSm &if;ESD;jr§Kyf
ESrH ,fh w½kwpf ;D yGm;a&;orm;awG
udk wpfenf;tm;jzifh Ncrd ;f ajcmuf
ovdk jzpfaeygovm;/
'gud k t yk d i f ; ES p f y d k i f ; cG J N yD ;
ajymcsifygw,f/ yxrtcsuf
u jrefrmjynfolawG[m olwdkY
tcGifhta&;awGudk Oya'awG
eJY tnDazmfxkwfcGifh&Sdw,f/ Oy
a'pdk;rdk;cGifhvnf; &Sdw,f/ 'kwd
,tcsuftaeeJY tJ'DqE´azmf
xkwfolawG[m w½kwfukrÜPD
awG u d k ypf r S w f x m; qE´ a zmf
xkwaf ew,fvYkd uReaf wmfawmh
rxifbl;/ qE´azmfxkwfolawG
&JU pdwfysufrIawGu w½kwfpDrH
udef;awGudk 'grSr[kwf w½kwf
ukrÜPDawGudk ypfrSwfxm;ae
w,fvkdY rxifbl;/ 'Dtajct
aeudk ajz&Sif;zdkY&m enf;vrf;u
awmh tpdk;&eJY a'ocHawGMum;
toD;tyGifhawG ay:xGufvm
atmif n§dEIdif;a&;vdkYyJ xifyg
w,f/ jrpfqHkvkdY rqdkvdkygbl;/
a&tm;vQyfppfpDrHudef;awGudk
jrefjref wnfaqmuf&ygvdrfh
r,f/ 'gqdk vQyfppf"mwftm;ydk
NyD;xkwfEdkifygrSm/
à oHtrwfBu;D u qE´azmfxw
k f
olawG[m w½kwfpDrHudef;awG
udk ypfrSwfrxm;bl;qdkayr,hf
Oyrmtm;jzihf rEÅav;u wcsKd U
wuf<uvIy&f mS ;olawG[m w½kwf
aumifppf0ef½Hk;a&SUrSm qE´azmf
xkwfMuygw,f/ oHtrwfBuD;
ajymovdkw½kwef b
YJ mrSrqdik b
f ;l
qdk&if vlawGbmaMumifh tJ'Dudk
oGm;w,fvdkYxifygovJ/
'Dar;cGef;u qE´azmfxkwf
olawGudk ar;&ifydkaumif;vdrhf
r,fvdkYxifygw,f/ bmaMumihf
vJqkd uReaf wmfrh mS vnf; 'Dar;cGe;f
&SdaevdkYyg/ 'DvQyfppf"mwftm;
rvHak vmufr[
I m w½kwpf rD u
H ed ;f
awGeJY rqufpyfygbl;/ bmjzpf
vdkY w½kwfEkdifiHu 'DvkdrsdK;ypf
rSwfjzpfae&wmvJ/ 'g[m uRef
awmfvnf; odyfodcsifwJht
aMumif;yJ jzpfygw,f/
à 'geJY aemufq;kH taeeJY ar;csif
wm wpfcyk g/ a':atmifqef;
pkMunfeYJ oHtrwfBuD; awGUjzpf
w,faemf/ b,fESBudrf&SdNyDvJ/
awGUqHrk u
I ae a':atmifqef;pk
MunfajymwJh w½kwfEkdifiHtpdk;&
twGuf owif;pum;u bmjzpf
rvJ/
awGUjzpfwmaygh/ oHk;Budrf
awmif&SdygNyD/ olay;wJh owif;

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

pum;eJY ywfoufNyD; oHwref
qef q ef tajzay;&&if a wmh
cifAsm;pdwfysufoGm;rSm tao
tcsmygyJ/ 'gayrJh olYqDu uRef
awmfvufc&H &Sw
d hJ owif;pum;
uawmh olrajymwJhtwkdif;eD;
yg;ygyJ/ olr[m wu,fhudk ½dk;
ajzmifholwpfa,mufyg/ ESpfEdkif
iHMum;qufqHa&;wkd;jr§ifhzdkYeJY t
jyeftvSeef m;vnfrjI ri§ w
hf ifEikd f
zkdYtwGuf olruvnf ; jrefrmeJY
w½kwEf dkifiHMum; jynfot
l csi;f
csi;f wdu
k ½f u
kd (f P to P) jzpfapcsif
ygw,f/ Ny;D awmh olru txl;jyK
ajymwmuawmh rdwaf qGoil ,f

csif;udk a&G;cs,fvkdY&ayr,fhtdrf
eD;csi;f udak wmh a&G;cs,v
f Ykd r&Edik f
ygbl;wJ/h jrefrmeJY w½kw[
f m tdrf
eD;csif;awGjzpfw,f/ uHaumif;
pGmyJ uReaf wmfw[
Ykd m tdref ;D csi;f
aumif;awG jzpfygw,f/
à bmrsm;xyfNyD; jznfhpGufajym
csifwm &Sdygao;vJ/
taotcsm&SdwmayghAsm/
uRefawmfwpfESpfausmf wm0ef
xrf;aqmifaewJh umvtwGi;f
rSm uReaf wmfEh ikd if eH YJ ywfoufNy;D
txl;ojzihf omrefw½kwfjynf
olawGeJYywfoufNyD; od&SdrIu
t awmfav; tueft
Y owfeYJ &Sd

aeygw,f/ 'gaMumihf jrefrmjynf
olawG w½kwfEdkifiHeJY ywfouf
NyD; od&SdvmzdkY tcGifhtvrf;awG
ydk&SdvmzdkY arQmfvifhygw,f/ uRef
awmftckawGUqHkrIuae jrefrm
jynfoal wGeYJ ywfoufNy;D w½kwf
tpdk;&eJY w½kwfjynfolawG&JU
rSefuefwJh oabmxm;eJY &nf
&G,fcsufawGukd jynfoal wG em;
vnfvmvdrrhf ,fvYkdxifygw,f/
aus;Zl;wifygw,f/
/
jynfwiG ;f ykEH ydS rf 'D ,
D meJY yxrqk;H
awGUqkrH t
I jzpf 7Day News udk
ajzMum;ay;cJw
h t
hJ wGuf aus;Zl;
ygyJ&Sifh/

31

Article

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

jrefrmjynf wuú
, ckodtvk cgyf nma&;pepf
ukd rsm;
pGma0zefMuí wuúodkvfynm
a&;pepfudk jr§ifhwif&ef rsm;pGm
a&;om;ajymqdkvmcJhMuonf/
pma&;olrSm &efukefenf;ynm
wuúodkvfwGif 10 ESpfcefY oif
Mum; ydkYcscJhí *smreDEkdifiH&Sd enf;
ynmwuúov
kd w
f pfcw
k iG v
f nf;
ESpftenf;i,f ygarmu©tjzpf
vkyfudkifcJhzl;í þ]]wuúodkvf
rsm;tqifjh ri§ w
hf ifa&;}} udpw
ö iG f
yg0ifaqG;aEG;vkdygonf/
yxrOD;pGm rdrw
d o
Ykd ifMum;
cJhí bJGU&vmMuaom bmom
&yfwGifyif pmtkyfwpftkyfudk
rod? rzwfbl;bJ bJGU'D*&D&vm
Muaom rdrdwdkYbJGU& vli,frsm;
\ ud k , f p m;wif j yygrnf / xk d
bJGU&vli,frsm;onf owfrSwf
xm;aom oif½dk;ñTef;wrf;ESifh
pepftwkid ;f oifMum;atmifjrif
cJhMuí bJGU&vmMuonfrSm xdk
vli,frsm;wGif wm0efr&Sd[k ,l
qygonf/ vGecf ahJ om ESpaf ygif;
20 cefYtwGif; jrefrmjynftESHY
tjym; wuúodkvfrsm;pGm topf
zGifhvSpfcJhaomfvnf; xkdwuú
odkvfrsm;wGif vkHavmufaom
pmMunfhwkdufrsm;? oifMum;ydkYcs
&ef ypönf;rsm;? E-learning ac:
uGefysLwmESifh tifwmeuf t
cGifhta&;rsm; r&SdcJhaomtajc
taewGif bJGU&vli,frsm; þrQ
yifwwfajrmufMuayrnf/ pm
ar;yJGppfjcif;? twef;wifjcif;?
atmif p m&if ; aMunmjcif ;
paom pepfrsm;wGifvnf; rdrd
wdo
Yk ifMum;ydcYk sorl sm;u atmif
rSwfray;aomfvnf; pmar;yJG
atmifolrsm;vnf; &SdcJhonf/
þtajctaeaMumifh pma&;ol
udk wuúov
kd o
f Ykd jyefvnfac:í
tcsdefydkif; ygarmu©tjzpf oif
Mum;ydkYcs&ef tcGifhtvrf; &&SdcJh
ygonf/
xdk Master rsm;ESifh Ph.D
pmwrf;ac: Thesis rsm;wGif
vnf; tjcm;pmtkyfpmwrf;rsm;
rS ul;,lMujcif;? tqifhtwef;
rrDMujcif;ESifh tiSm;a&;ckdif;Mu
jcif;wdkYvnf; &SdcJhonf/ þudpö
udk Plagiarism [kac:í Thesis
jyKpk&mwGif tjcm;pmayrsm;rS
ul;,ljcif;? tjcm;olrsm;u t
iS m ;a&;ay;jcif ; [k t"d y Ü m ,f
oufa&mufMuonf/ xkdenf;
ESifh Master bJGUrsm;? Ph.D bJGU
rsm; &cJholtcsKdUwdkYonf (tm;
vk H ; r[k w f y g)/ ,ck t cg jyef
vnfoifMum;ydkYcsolrsm;tjzpf
vkyfudkifvsuf&SdMuí tcsKdUrSm
ygarmu©rsm;yif jzpfvsuf&SdMu
ygonf/
,ck tom;uswnf N id r f
oGm;í ykrH eS o
f ifwef;rsm; ydcYk s? bJUG
ay;? bJGU,lvkyfudkifaeMuaom

aemufq;Hk ESiphf wkwt
¬ csuf
jzpfaom ]]rnforYdk nfyHktqifjh rifh
&ef jyKvkyfMuygrnfenf;}} qdk
aom tcsufrSm vGefpGm cufcJ
aom vkyif ef;&yfjzpfygonf/ t
xufwGifwifjycJhonfhtwkdif;
]]tjynfjynfqkdif&m tqifh&Sd
aom wuúov
kd }f } [k qkcd &hJ m zHUG NzKd ;
wk;d wufvsu&f adS om wuúov
kd f
rsm;\ vk y f i ef ; &yf ( 2) &yf r S m
Teaching and Research

jrefrmjynftwGuf wuúodkvfynm
tqifhjr§ifhwifa&;
a'gufwmausmfvwf
tcsdefwGif wuúodkvf ynma&;
tqifhedrfhusMuonf/ bJGU'D*&D
rsm;tqifhedrfhusMuonf[k a0
zefMu&mwGif taMumif;&if;rsm;
rSm ,cifuvkyf&yfrsm;aMumifh
jzpfonf[k owfrSwf&ayrnf/
xd k o nf w k d Y u d k tajccH í
wuúodkvfynma&;pepfudk t
qifhjr§ifhMu&rnf[k ajymqdkol
rsm;udk pma&;oludk,fwkdif oif
Mum;ydkYcscJholwpfOD;taeESifh t
jynfht0 axmufcHtm;ay;yg
onf/
xko
d Ykd 0dik ;f 0ef;yHyh ;kd í tqifh
jr§ifhwifMurnfqkdvQif yxrOD;
pGm&nf&G,fcsufESifh cH ,lcsufwdkY
xm;&S d & ayrnf / cH , l c suf r S m
wuú o d k v f r sm; ynma&;pepf
onfjrefrmhvaYl bmiftwGufjref
rmjynfvrl aI &;? pD;yGm; a&;abmif
twGif;jrefrmjynf wkd;wufa&;
udk taxmuftul jyK&ayrnf/
rdrdwdkY wuúodkvfBuD;? rdrdwdkY &ef
ukew
f uúov
kd Bf uD;onf wpfcsed f
wpfcgu tm&SwkdufwGif tqifh
jrifah usmMf um;cJo
h nfh wuúov
kd f
BuD;jzpfcJhí ,cktcg ]]xdkwuú
odkvf\tqifhudk jyefvnfjr§ifh
wif&rnf}} qdak om &nf&,
G cf suf
rSmvufawGUrqefaom&nf&,
G f
csufjzpfNyD; Sentimental reason ac: wG,w
f mcspcf ifí vkyf

aqmifvkdaom qE´omjzpfay
rnf/ xkdqE´onfvnf; rdrdwGif
&S d a omf v nf ; ta&;BuD ; aom
tcsufrsm;rSm (1)rnfonhft
qifhxd? tqifhodkY jr§ifhwifMu
rnfenf;/ (2)rnfonfhbmom
wGif rnfonfh ausmif;om;OD;
a& yrmPudk ESpfpOfbJGU'D*&D&Sd
&ef arG ; xk w f M urnf e nf ; /
(3)xdkbJGU'D*&D&&Sdolrsm;onf
,if;wdkYtwGufESifh wkdif;jynft
wGuf rnfokdY tusKd;jyKMurnf
enf;/ (4)tqifjh ri§ w
hf ifa&; vkyf
ief;&yfrsm;udk rnfokdYrnfykH t
aumiftxnf azmfaqmif&Guf
Murnfenf;qdkaom tcsufwdkY
udk okH;oyf&rnf jzpfayonf/
txuf y g (4) csuf w d k Y r S
'kwd,ESifh wwd,tcsufjzpf
aom tqifhjrifhbJGU&&Sdvmol
rsm; xkwv
f yk rf yI rmPESihf ynm
wwf r sm;u ,if ; wk d Y t wG u f
aomfvnf;aumif;? wkdif;jynf
twG u f a omf v nf ; aumif ; ?
tusK;d jyKEidk rf nfh udprö sm;rS pwif
aqG;aEG;avhvmvdkygonf/ t
qifhjrifh bJGU&&Sdvmrnfholrsm;
udk tokH;csEkdifrnfh tvkyfrsm;
ay;Ekdifrnfh ae&mrsm;rSm tpdk;&
tzJGUtpnf;rsm;ESifh yk*¾vdu pD;
yGm;a&;vkyfief;rsm;om jzpfay
onf/ yxrOD;pGm tpdk;&u@

ud k avh v mygvQif ES p f p Of j yef
wrf;0ift&m&Sd vdktyfcsufrSm
enf;ayonf/ tpdk;&Xmersm;
wGif 0efxrf;trsm;pkrSm bJGU&
rsm;jzpfaomfvnf; tqifhedrfh
aom tvkyfrsm;omvkyfudkif
aeMuí jyefwrf;0if t&m&Sd &m
xl;ay:aygufvQif XmewGif;t
qifh wkd;jr§ifhcefYxm;Muonfom
rsm;ayonf/ xkdYaMumifh rdrdwdkY
tqifhjrifhpGm tqifhjr§ifhaom
ynma&;ESihf arG;xkwrf nfh ynm
wwfrsm;udkyk*v
¾ u
d u@rSxw
k f
,l tokH;csEkdif&ef (odkYr[kwf)
yk*¾vduu@twGuf &nfrSef;
&nf&G,f&ayrnf/ pma&;ol t
awGUtBuHKt& rsm;pGmaom aps;
uGufpD;yGm;a&;pepfudk usifhokH;
Muaom EkdifiHtrsm;pkwdkYwGif
yk*¾vduu@ü vkyfudkifolrsm;
rSm 80-90 &mckdifEIef;cefY&SdMuí
rdrdwdkY jrefrmEkdifiHwGifvnf; bJGU
&ynmwwfrsm;om r[kwfbJ
vk y f o m;tif t m; trsm;pk u d k
yk*¾vdu@u xkwf,lokH;pJG&ef
BudK;pm;Mu&ayrnf/ wpfzuf
u jyefMunfhvQifvnf; rdrdwdkY
\ yk*¾vduu@onf puf½kH?
tvkyf½kHBuD;rsm; rsm;pGmESifh vkyf
om;tiftm;rsm;udk tokH;csEkdif
aom tajctaeokdY ra&muf
&Sdao;ay/ rdrdwdkYwpfEkdifiHvkH;\

pufrIu@rS GDP ac: xkwf
vkyrf w
I efz;kd rSm 20 &mcdik Ef eI ;f cefY
om &Sdao;ojzifh rdrdwdkYwkdif;
jynfudk pufrIu@ wkd;wuf&ef
BudK;pm;tm;ay;Mu&ayrnf/ xdk
tcsdefumvtwGif; rdrdwdkYt
qifhjrifhap&ef BudK;pm;Murnfh
wuúodkvfrsm;rS ausmif;om;
OD;a&oifMum;ydcYk sru
I kd wkid ;f jynf
\ vkdtyfcsufESifh csifhcsdefwGuf
csufí oifMum;ydkYcs&ayrnf/
xkrd u
l kd vufuikd u
f sio
hf ;Hk vQif &m
cd k i f E I e f ; tenf ; i,f o m wuú
odkvfodkY 0ifcGifhESifh bJGU&MuEkdif
aomtajctaeodYka&muf&o
dS mG ;
ayrnf/
aqmif;yg;\ tpydkif;wGif
wifjycJhonfh ta&;BuD;aom
cH,lcsuf(4)csufrS wifjyaqG;
aEG;cJhaom 'kwd,ESifh wwd,
tcsufwdkYu wkdif;jynf vkdtyf
csut
f wkid ;f om wuúov
kd yf nm
wwfrsm;udk arG;xkwfrnf[k o
abmwlMuygvQif yxrtcsuf
jzpfaom rnfonfh tqifo
h Ykd jri§ hf
wifí oifMum;ydkYcsMurnfqkd
aom tcsufrSm vG,fulpGm ajz
Ekdifygrnf/ ]]rdrdwdkY wkdif;jynf
udktusK;d jyKEidk af om? tjynfjynf
qkid &f m wuúov
kd f rsm;ESihf tqifh
twef;wlnDaomtqifh}} jzpf&
ygrnf/

]]oifMum;jcif;ESifh okawoejyK
vkyfjcif;}} yifjzpfonf/ rdrdwdkY
wuúodkvfrsm;wGif oifMum; ydkY
csolrsm;\ tajctaerSm Research Paper ac: okawoe
pmwrf;rsm;udk jyKpkMuol? jyKpk
bl;ol? q&mrsm;? oufqkdif&m
bmom&yfrsm;wGif pmtkyfwpf
tk y f y if a &;zl ; aom ygarmu©
rsm; tvGef&Sm;ayonf/ pma&;
oltawGUtBuHKt& tqifhjrifh
wuúodkvfrsm;wGif q&mwpfOD;
onf owfrSwfcsuftwkdif; ok
awoepmwrf;rwifvQif xkd
tvkyfudk qufvufxdef;odrf;
&efyif cufcaJ yrnf/ xko
d aYdk om
tcsdeftcgrsKd;wGif ,ckrsm;pGm
ajymqdkaeMuaom EkdifiHjcm;t
ultnDEiS yhf if ajz&Si;f &ayrnf/
rdrdwdkYuxdursm;? ygarmu©rsm;
rsm;pGmwkdYudk EkdifiHjcm;wuúodkvf
rsm;wGif oGm;a&mufavhvmap
jcif;? EkdifiHjcm;rS uxdursm;?
ygarmu©rsm;udk iSm;&rf;jcif;wkdY
onfom oifhavsmfaom vkyf
ief;&yfrsm; jzpfayonf/
þaqmif;yg;wGif pma&;
ol NcKH íwifjyvko
d nfrmS atmuf
ygwkdYjzpfygonf/
(1) wuúodkvfrsm; tqifh
jr§ i f h w if a &;vk y f i ef ; &yf o nf
jrefrmjynfvlrIa&;? pD;yGm;a&;
abmiftwGif; jrefrmjynf\ vdk
tyfcsut
f wkid ;f aqmif&u
G o
f ifh
ayonf/
(2) oif M um;yd k Y c svk d u f
aom tqifhjrifh wuúodkvfbJGU
&ynmwwfrsm;onf ,if;wkdY
tusKd;twGufESifh wkdif;jynft
usK;d twGuf pGr;f aqmifEidk f aom
ynmrsm; wwfajrmuf&ayrnf/
(3) zHGUNzdK;wkd;wufvsuf&Sd
aom wkdif;jynfrsm;&Sd wuúodkvf
rsm;\ wm0efrSm ]]Teaching
and Research oifMum;ydkYcs
jcif;ESifh okawoevkyfief;&yf
rsm; jyKvkyfjcif;}} jzpfayonf/
(4) rdrdwdkYwuúodkvfrsm;
ud k tqif h j r§ i f h w if & ef rd r d w d k Y
q&m? q&mrrsm;pGmwdkYudk EkdifiH
jcm; wuú o d k v f r sm;od k Y oG m ;
a&mufavhvmapjcif;ESifh EkdifiH
jcm;wuúov
kd rf sm;rS q&mrsm;udk
vnf ; zd w f M um;oif M um;yd k Y c s
ap&ef EkdifiHjcm;tultnD t
axmuftyHv
h t
kd yfayrnf/ /

32

Opinion

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

(wpf)
r,faiGO\ arG;&yfajrum; yJc;l ½d;k rBuD;\tp ykygÜ ;awmifta&SUbuf
u tdraf jcwpfaxmifausm&f Sdaom &GmBuD;aywnf;/
xd&k mG BuD;onf 0g;? oef;? '[yf? &Sm;? ydawmuf? uRe;f paom tzd;k
wefopfyifwkdYjzihf pdrf;pdrf;pdkpkd ndKUndKUrIdif;rIdif;&SdvSaom awmifwef;
awmifpG,furlukef;wef;wdjYk zifh 0dkif;ywfxm;onf/ txl;ojzifh xdk
&GmBu;D \ ta&SUbufawmifwef;wpfcu
kd kd t&Guzf m;zm;yifv;kH jrifjh rifh
uRe;f yifBu;D rsm;u pd;k rd;k xm;avonf/ xdu
k Re;f awmBu;D aygufa&muf
&m uke;f jrifBh u;D udka&S;,cifu xd&k mG Bu;D \ olBu;D rsKd ;½d;k tquf qufyikd f
avonf/ xkdolBuD; tqufqufrS qif;oufqufcHol olBuD;wpf
a,mufrSm olBuD;OD;xGef;ausmf(ac:)olBuD;rJjzpfonf/ xkdolBuD;rif;
\ ajr;ppfppfjzpfaom r,faiGOonf i,fpOfu xdkuRef;awmBuD;xJ
wGif ajy;umvTm;um aqmhumupm;um BuD;jyif;cJhavonf/

awmfygao;&JU
oli,fcsi;f ESpaf ,muf ta0;ajy;vrf;ray: c&D;oGm;ae&mrS
aeYv,fpm pm;csdefa&mufvmí vrf;ab;pm;aomufqkdif
av;wpfqkdifa&SUwGif um;&yfvkdufNyD; qkdifxJ0ifí [rfbm
*gESpfvkH;rSmvkdufonf/
qkid w
f iG f {nfch aH eaom trsK;d orD;uvnf; csucf si;f yif
a&cJaowåmqDoo
Ykd mG ;í [rfbm*gtom;jym;ESpcf syu
f kd xkwf
um olr\ vufarmif;wpfzufwpfcsufwGif n§yfxm;vkduf
onf/ b,fvjkd zpfwmvJ[k ar; jref;aomtcg rD;ysuaf eí t
om;jym;udak ET;&ef rku
d u
f ½dak 0h rD;zdt
k ok;H jyKír&aomaMumifh
[ktrsKd;orD;pm;yGJxdk;u &Sif;jyonf/
þwGif tazmfvu
dk yf gvmaom trsK;d om;u olo
Y il ,f
csif;tm; tckvdk ajymvkdufonf/
]]awmfao;wmaygh oli,fcsi;f &m/ igwdYk a[mha'gh rrSmrd
vdkY}} [lí/

uRef;awmol\ qkawmif;
r,faiGO

r,faiGOonf i,fpOfu
xdkuRef;awmBuD;xJwGif oli,f
csif;rsm;ESihf upm;Mu&if; aeyl
vQif vifyef;wpfcsyft&G,fy
rmP&Sad om {&mruRe;f &GuBf u;D
rsm;udk 0g;ovJcufESihfxdk;um
OD;xkyfvkyfíaqmif;\/ rdk;&Gm
vQif uRef ; &G u f r sm;ud k y if c
armufcsKyfumaqmif;\/ a&
iwfí a&aomufvdkvQif uRef;
&Gufudk uefawmhxdk;vsuf csdKuf
uke;f Bu;D atmuf&dS v,fuiG ;f rsm;
xJrS a&udk cyfumaomufav
\/
uRe;f awmxJrSajcmufaoGU
aeNyDjzpfaom opfudkif;ajcmuf
rsm;udk xif;acGNyD; armarm&Sd
vQif uRe;f yifrsm;udk rSu
D mtem;
,l\/ wpf&w
H pfcgrl uRe;f wH;k t
ajcmufrsm;udk acgif;tH;k vkyv
f suf
uRe;f &Gurf sm;udk ajray:cif;um
tdyfpuf\/ xrif;udk uRef;&Guf
ay:yHv
k suf pm;\/ acgif;rl;vQif
uRe;f &Gurf sm;udk &SL½du
I \
f / vuf
acsmif;uav;rsm;tm; eDwm&J
&Jjzihf vSyvkdvQif uRef;&GufEkEk
uav;rsm;udk vufz0g;xJrSm
ajcí aq;qdk;\/ uRef;yef;rsm;
yGiahf vaomtcg acgif;rSmvnf;
qifbk&m;vnf;wifavonf/
r,faiGOum; uRef;awm
xJ r S m aysmf c J h a vaom uRef ;
awmol o mjzpf a vonf / xk d Y
aMumihf uRef;yifwkdYudk cspf\/
jrwfEkd;\/ uRef;yifudkjrifvQif
&ifckef\/ b,f&Gmb,fa'o
a&mufa&muf uRef;yifudkawGU
vQif r,faiGOum; i,fb0udk
jyefwrf;wavonf/

(ESpf)
r,faiGOi,fpOfu ausmif;
oifcef;pmrsm;wGif uRef;yifwdkY
um; jrefrmjynfBuD;tm; 0ifaiG
aumif;apaom tzdk;wef&w
emrsm;[k usuf c J h z wfc J h z l ; \/
uRef;yifwdkYudk oufwrf;tESpf
wpf&mausmfrSom ckwf,loHk;pGJ
oifhonf[kvnf; rSwfom;cJh
bl;\/ toufBuD;av tcsdef
pD;avqdo
k uJo
h Ykd oufwrf;Mum
avwefz;kd jrifah vjzpfaom uRe;f
yifwu
Ydk kd oufwrf;Ekao;vQif r
ckwftyf/ rvJStyf[k r,faiGO
em;vnfonf/
r,faiGO\ tpfudk0rf;uGJ
awmfolwpfa,mufonf opf
awmt&m&Sdjzpfavonf/ ol
onf opfawmBudK;0dkif;rsm;odkY
oGm;um opfckwfcGifhwHqdyfwHk;
xk&ol? oif;owf&oljzpfonf
[k ajymcJ h z l ; avonf / opf
awmt&m&Sw
d pfa,mufrmS bm
wm0efawG&SdaMumif; r,faiGO
wdwdusus rodaomfvnf; &m
xm;csujf ynfrh aD tmif oufwrf;
wpf&matmuf tESp&f pS fq,frQ
om&Sdao;aom uRef;yifrsm;udk
ckwfcGifhay;&aomtcg tpfudk
rsu&f nfusco
hJ nf[k ajymcJo
h nf
udkMum;zl;\/ xkdrSwpfqifh t
ESpfajcmufq,fatmuf ouf
wrf;om &Sdao;aom uRef;yif
rsm;udk ckwfcGifhay;&aomtcg
ol o nf t&uf o rm;jzpf a v
awmhonf/ avmbvGefaom
vlwdkYu opfawmrsm;udk enf;
trsdK;rsdK;jzifh awmvHk;ajymifrQ
ck w f M uavaomtcg tpf u d k

onf wkP
H b
Sd ma0qdwq
f w
d af e
oljzpfoGm;NyD; aemufqHk;awmh
tvkyfrStem;,lvdkufaMumif;
owdjyKrdonf/
r,faiGOtdrf{nhfcef;wGif
vGefcJhaom ESpfaygif;rsm;pGmu
jyKvyk cf ahJ om qufww
D pfpo
kH nf
tpm;xdk;rvJvS,fcJh/ topft
qef; 'DZdkif;vef;vef; igh{nfhcef;
[k 0g0g<um;<um; aecsif½HkrQjzihf
uRef;om;qufwDwpfpHk xyfrH
0,f,lygu r,faiGOonf rvkd
tyf a o;bJ uRef ; 0,f v d k t m;
jri§ hf wifojl zpfawmhrnf/ pdwrf mS
uRef;yifwpfyifudk vG,fvifhw
ulckwfvSJypf&ef tm;ay;oljzpf
rnf pdk;aMumihfvSonf/ a[mif;
EGrf;aomfvnf; aemufxyfESpf
rsm;pGm oHk;pGJí&Ekdifao;aom
uRef;om;jzihf jyKvkyfonfh vlYt
oHk;taqmifypönf;rsm;udk t
aMumif;rJhrvJvS,foifh/ uRef;
om;ud k rjzKef ; wD ; oif h / uRef ;
om;jzihf jyKvkyfaomt&mrSefo
rQudk oufwrf;ukefatmif oHk;
oifhonf/ uRef;yifrsm;udk ouf
wrf;EkEkrSm rckwfvSJoifh/ uRef;
awmrsm;udk tjrwfwEkd;wefzkd;
xm;oifo
h nf/ r,faiGOum; xdk
odkY-þodkY-txufu qdkouJh
odkY,HkMunfoljzpfavonf/ jzpf
EdkifvQif jrefrmjynfoljynfom;
wkdif;b0wpfoufwmrSm uRef;
wpfyifawmh pdkufysdK;oGm;oihf
onf[kvnf; xifjrif,lqav
\/
(oHk;)
vGefcJhaom ESpfaygif;oHk;
q,fcefYu jzpfonf/ r,faiGO

wuúodkvfausmif;olrQom &Sd
ao;onf/ q&morm;wpfO;D \
rdwfaqG EdkifiHjcm;om;wpfOD;u
uRef;yifudkrjrifzl;í jrifzl;csif
vSonf/ MunfhcsifvSonf[kqdk
\/ r,faiGO\ q&morm;u
vnf; uRef;yifudk rodrjrifzl;
avaomtcg uRef ; awmol
r,faiGOudk tultnDawmif;
avonf/ xdt
k cg r,faiGOonf
teD;qH;k &efuek w
f &d pämefO,smOf
ESihf uefawmfBuD;ajrya'om
uRe;f wpf0u
kd o
f o
Ykd mG ;í uRe;f yif
&SmyHkawmfzGifhum jyocJh&zl;av
onf/
uRef;yifppfrppf t&GufEk
Ekudk qdwfMunhf/ vufz0g;jzihf
yGwfMunfh/ eDwm&J&J ta&mift
aoG;uav;xGufvQif uRef;yif
yJ[k vlwwfBuD;vkyfum jyo
cJhzl;avonf/ awmxJ awmif
xJ ajrmifxrJ mS u uRe;f &Guu
f Re;f
yifEiS hf qifqifwal om tyifrsKd ;
awGuvnf; &Sdwwfonfudk;/
rMumao;rDESpfrsm;u &ef
ukefNrdKUawmfwpf0kduf vrf;ab;
0J,majruGuv
f yfrsm;wGif uRe;f
yifrsm; pdkufysdK;xm;onfudk jrif
&\/ vGecf ahJ omajcmufEpS -f ckepf
ESpfcefYu tyifaygufomom/
em*pfrek w
f ikd ;f umvrsm;wGif vl
wpf&yfausmaf usm/f rkew
f ikd ;f um
v opfyiftrsm;tjym; vJMu
NyKd MuordYk olwv
Ykd nf;ygukeNf y[
D k
xifcJhonf/ aemuf&ufrsm;rSm
NrKd Uwpfywfvn
S yhf wfMunfah om
tcg trsm;pktyifrsm;taumif;
yuwdrvJrNyKd useaf eao;onf
udk awGU&í 0rf;omMunfEl;cJh

&Sdygw,f
tvGe&f u
S w
f wfaom trsK;d om;wpfa,muf pmMunfw
h u
dk x
f J
0ifvmNy;D pmtky&f mS aepOf pmMunfw
h u
dk f tultrsK;d orD;u olY
udk pdwf0ifpm;aeonf[k xifrSwfrdavonf/ odkYjzifh trsKd;
orD;udk csOf;uyfvdkaomfvnf; rnfodkYcsOf;uyf&rnfenf;[k
pOf;pm;aepOf tBuHwpfck&oGm;NyD;
]]trsK;d orD;awGu trsK;d om;awGukd b,fvckd sO;f uyfMu
ovJqw
kd meJY ywfoufí pmtkyaf wGbmawGrsm; &Syd govm;
cifAsm}} [k trsK;d orD;tm; ar;jref;&m pmMunfw
h u
dk t
f ultrsK;d
orD;u rqkdif;rwGyif
]]&Syd gw,f&iS /hf tJ'pD mtkyrf sK;d awG pdwu
f ;l ,Ofpmayu@
rSm awGUEkdifygw,f}} [k qkdygavawmhonf/
&onf/ yifvHk;ao;i,fao;í
,drf;,drf;EGJUEGJU&Sdao;onfrdkY rNydK
rvJusefaeMuyHkay:onf/
,ckawmh xdkuRef;yifysdKwdkY
q,fESpfom;cefY&SdNyDxif&JU/ t
&Guzf m;zm;tzsm;a0a0ESifh Munfh
vkdYtvGefaumif;onf/ tcsdKU
aomtyifrsm;um; oefrmxGm;
usKd i;f rIr&Sad o;aomfvnf; tcsKd U
um; wu,f y if tvH k ; tzef
awmifah wmifw
h if;wif;jzifh tm;
aumif;armif;oef&SdMuNyD/ cspfzdkY
aumif;vSonfh BuD;aumif0ifp
tysdKayguf vlysdKaygufrsm;ES,f
yif/ xdk;xdk;axmifaxmif n§dKU
n§dKUarSmifarSmifESihf aumif;uif
udk arQmfarmfvdkY MunfhMuNyD/
uRe;f vlysKd uRe;f tysKd wYkd Bu;D
&ifah vaomf yifv;kH rnfrQ &Srd nf
enf;/ a,mufsm;BuD; oHk;av;
a,muf vuf c sif ; quf v suf
zufvQif rrDEkdifavmufatmif
wkwcf idk x
f mG ;usKd i;f Muavrvm;/
oHpdkYxdk;aomf wdk;r0ifEkdifatmif

rmxef M urnf v m;/ uRef ; yif
ysd K wd k Y rnf o nf h t cgpí yG i h f
rnfenf;/ uRef;yifwdkYonf wpf
NydKifeufwnf; yGifhavh&SdNyD; uRef;
yef;rsm;um; &Sifrawmifoeyf
cg;ta&miftaoG;jzihf &eH&Y w
dS ,f
qdk½HkrQom arT;jrwwf\/ jref
rmjynf wpf0ef;u ta&SU½dk;r?
tv,f½;kd r? taemuf½;kd rwpfcdk
wGif uRef;yef;rsm;wpfNydKifwnf;
yGichf sed q
f v
kd Qif awmifcg;yef;rsm;
rSm rdef;rysdKwdkYyg;jyif oeyfcg;
wifxm;ouJhodkY taoG;um;
tjzLwpf0uf t0if;t0gpGuf
aom tqif;&Sdwwfav\/
&efuek Nf rKd Uawmfwpf0u
kd u
f
uRef;yifrsm;udk aemiftcg vrf;
wdk;csJUaomf vrf;rvGwfí (odkY
wnf;r[kwf) uRef;yifwdkYae&m
wGif wdkufwmrsm; aqmufvkd
Muí t&G,fra&mufrD ckwfMu?
xpfMu? ydkif;Mu? ajrvSefMurnf
udk pdk;&drfrdavonf/
pm(40) odkY

t,f'DwmcsKyf- aomif;pkNidrf;/ trIaqmift,f'Dwmrsm;- tm;rmef? Nidrf;Nidrf;Ekdif/ pmrsufESmzGJYpnf;rIESifU 'DZdkif;t,f'Dwm - apmpnfolrdk;? owif;t,f'Dwmrsm;- at;jrausmf? aevif;atmif? oD[? ar0if;rGef/
tBu;D wef;owif;axmuf- jrwfprk eG ?f ZmZmEd?k ,kZeudu
k /kd Edik if w
H umowif;bmomjyef- &Jrif;? ausmrf sK;d OD;/ pmjyift,f'w
D m- vSx#G Of ;D / owif;axmufrsm;- ausmo
f [
D ? tdjzLvGi?f tdjzLrGe?f 0wf&nfatmif? odro
Uf rd pUf ;kd ? Ouúmudu
k ?kd
atmifo&l ? aevif;xGe;f ? Adv
k Af v
kd 0f if;? jynford ;f ? oef;aX;? at;olp?H udu
k Bkd u;D / ti,fwef;owif;axmuf - at;jrwfo?l MuLMuL[ef/ aejynfawmfowif;axmuf- xl;oef/h rEåav;owif;axmufrsm;- pdik ;f omatmif? nDnaD Zmf/
e,fowif;axmufrsm;- rsdK;rif;OD;? apm&efEkdif? qef;nGefh(a&eHacsmif;)? armifuH / pmrsufESmzGJYpnf;rI- cspfAkdvfAkdvf? &Sdef;&Sdef;xdkuf/ uGefysLwmpmpD- pef;pef;? EG,frGefNzdK;? arZifodef;aZmf? bkef;jrifh[ef/ o½kyfazmf- pkd;aomfwm/
"mwfyHkowif;axmuf- a*sarmifarmif(tr&yl&)/ jyifyqufoG,fa&;- oufydkifa|;/ vkd*dk'DZdkif;- ausmufqnf/ b@ma&;- uvsmatmif? oJodrfhodrfhNzdK;/ aMumfjimwm0efcH- rdk;yy? vif;vif;OD;/ xkwfa0ol- OD;rsdK;vdIifatmif/
yHkESdyfpuf- ok0PÖod*ÐyHkESdyfwdkuf/ zvif- Sunn Colour Separation. apmifa&- 1ç000/ a&mif;aps;- 450usyf/
7Day News *sme,fwkduf - Diamond Centre (G-12) ajrnDxyf? wdkuf (B)? trSwf(497)? jynfvrf;? (8)&yfuGuf? urm&GwfNrdKYe,f? &efukefNrdKY/
zkef;- 523911~18? 09 73224541 ? Website : www.7daynewsjournal.com , E-mail : editor@7daynewsjournal.com

jynfwGif;aiGvJEIef;
,lepf
0,f
1 a':vm (tar&duef) 835
1 tufzftD;pD
835
1 a':vm (pifumyl)
648
1 ,l½dk (Oa&myor*¾)
1031
1 bwf (xdkif;)
26.4
1 ,Grf (w½kwf)
124
1 ,lepf (ydkYukef&aiG)
835

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

rlq,f-vm;½Id;ESifh rEåav;oGm; ukefum;rsm; nydkif;rxGufawmh
atmifol&
&efukef? ar-29
jrefrm-w½kwfe,fpyf&Sd rlq,f
NrdKUrS vm;½Id;ESifh rEÅav;NrdKUrsm;
odkYoGm;aom ukefum;rsm;onf
arv 28 &ufrSpí n 7 em&D
aemuf y d k i f ; xG u f c G m jcif ; r&S d
awmhaMumif; owif;&&So
d nf/
]]rlq,f 105 rkid f ukeo
f ,
G f
a&;Zkefuae rkdif 20 avmuf
a0;wJah e&mrSm vufeufuikd t
f

zJGUwpfzJGUu ukefum; 3 pD; AkH;cJG
cH&NyD;wJhaemufydkif; um;awGn
bufrxGu&f b
J ;l jzpfaeMuw,f}}
[k rlq,fa'ocH oGif;ukefvkyf
ief;&SifwpfOD;u ajymonf/
arv wwd,ywftwGif;
eef Y t G e f & G m teD ; wG i f rl q ,f r S
rEÅav;odkY oGm;aom ukefum;
okH;pD;tm; aiGaMu;awmif;cH&m
wG i f tqif r ajyojzif h um;
orm;rsm;udk um;atmufqif;

cdkif;NyD;aemuf um;acgif;ydkif;
tm; rD;AkH;cJGvkdufjcif; jzpfonf/
xkduJhodkY jzpfpOfjzpfyGm;NyD;
aemufukefum;rsm;\ wefqm
crSm rlq,frS rEÅav;odkY wpf
ydómvQif usyf 80 rS 100 usyf
xd aps;wufvmcJhonf/
]]ukefenf;aewJh tcsdefqdk
awmh trsm;BuD; xdcdkufrI r&Sdyg
bl ; / nbuf r oG m ;wmeJ Y aeY
bufoGm;wmyJuGmw,f/

ykHrSef awmh oGm;aeygw,f}}[k
jrefrm EkdifiHrS w½kwfEdkifiHodkY z&J
oD;wifydkYaeol ukefonfwpf
OD;u ajymonf/
odkYaomf ,ck&ufydkif;wGif
w½kwfEkdifiHrS wifydkYaom ukef
ypönf;tcsKdU aps;wufvmcJhNyD;
Muuf o G e f j zLwpf y d ó mvQif
usyf 200 ausmf r S usyf 300
odkY aps;wufvmcJhonf[k o
wif;&&Sdonf/

1 a':vm
0.6508
1 a':vm
0.8041
1 a':vm
78.00
1 a':vm
6.369
1 a':vm
55.535
1 a':vm
1.2921
1 a':vm 1ç182.00
1 a':vm
3.197
1 a':vm
31.63
1 a':vm 9ç440.00
1 a':vm 20ç840.00
1 a':vm
43.45
1 a':vm
7.7601
1 a':vm
1.0298
1 a':vm
1.3208
1 a':vm
1.0406
1 a':vm
33.6389
1 a':vm
3.6728

"mwfyHk - a*sarmifarmif(tr&yl&)

&efukefESihfe,fNrdKUrsm;wGif ukd&D;,m;Zmwfvrf;wGJacGrsm;ukd aps;oufompGmjzihf 0,f,lEkdifonf

vD½kyfoHukrÜPDrS wm0ef&Sdol
wpfOD;u ajymonf/
,cktcg udk&D;,m;Zmwf
vrf ; wJ G r sm;\ ayguf a ps;rS m
wpfem&Dpm tydkif;wpfydkif;vQif
a':vm 450 rS 700 txdjzpf
Ny;D Zmwfvrf;trsK;d tpm;? o½kyf
aqmifESifh Zmwfvrf;wJGtydkif;
ta&twG u f a y: rl w nf í
aps;EIef;rsm; uGmjcm;aMumif; od
&onf/ jynfwGif;½kyfoHukrÜPD
rsm;u udk&D;,m;EkdifiH&Sd KBS,
f ½H u
dk u
f ;l
SBS, MBC ponfh ½kyo
onfh ukrÜPDrsm;rS wkduf½dkuf
0,f,ljcif;rsm; &SdouJhodkY jrefrm

jynfwiG ;f vma&muf vkyu
f ikd af e
onfh udk&D;,m;pD;yGm;a&; vkyf
ief ; &S i f r sm;rS w pf q if h 0,f , l
jyojcif;rsm;vnf; &SdaMumif;
od&onf/
,ck t cg jynf w G i f ; wG i f
½kyo
f ZH mwfvrf;wJrG sm; wifoiG ;f
jyoonf h rD ' D , muk r Ü P D 20
0ef;usi&f v
dS mNyjD zpfNy;D ud&k ;D ,m;
Zmwfvrf;wJGrsm;udk ½kyfoHrsm;
wGif jyornfqkdygu oufqkdif
&m ½kyfoHtvkduf qifqmcGifhjyK
csuf wifjy&,lNyD;aemuf jyo
cGiu
hf kd wef;pDpepfjzifh apmifq
h idk ;f
jyo&aMumif; od&onf/

usyf
usyf
usyf
usyf
usyf
usyf
usyf

2012 ZGef 2 &uf aygufaps;EIef;jzpfonf/

udk&D;,m;Zmwfvrf;wJGrsm;aygufaps; usyfodef;ckepfq,feD;yg; jzpfvm
at;olpH
&efukef? ar-29
jrefrmEdkifiHwGif; xkwfvTifhjyo
aeaom udk&D;,m;½kyfoHZmwf
vrf ; wJ G r sm;\ ayguf a ps;rS m
vGefcJhonfhESpfrSpí jrefrmaiG
usyf od e f ; ck e pf q ,f e D ; yg;cef Y
aps;&SdvmaMumif; tqkdyg Zmwf
vrf;wJGrsm;udk 0,f,lwifoGif;
onfh ½kyfoHukrÜPDrsm;xHrS od&
onf/
]]ud k & D ; ,m;Zmwf v rf ; wJ G
awG u [d k r S m ½d k u f w mawmif
rNyD;ao;bl;/ 'DuBudKNyD; 0,f
xm;&wJ h t xd jzpf a ew,f /
wcsKdUqkd Zmwfvrf;awmif wdwd
usus rod&ao;bl;/ rif;om;?
rif;orD;eJY um;emrnfod&ifyJ
aumuf 0 ,f x m;vk d u f a wmh
jrefrmEkdifiHrSm jyzdkY roihfawmf
wJhacGawG 0,frdoGm;wJhtxd
jzpf o G m ;w,f } } [k ud k & D ; ,m;
Zmwf v rf ; wJ G r sm; tygt0if
jynfyEkdifiHrsm;rS Zmwfvrf;wJG
rsm;udk wifoGif;jyoaeonfh
rmwDrD'D,mukrÜPDrS wm0ef&Sd
olwpfOD;u ajymonf/
]]uRefawmfwdkYu udk&D;,m;
um;ud k wk d u f ½ d k u f 0 ,f w ,f /
t&ifuxufpm&if 0,f&wm
awmfawmfcufvmw,f/ &Sm;
vnf; &Sm;vmw,f/ t&ifu
jrefrmaps;uGufqkd aps;ESdrfhay;
w,f/ ckqdk rD'D,mawG t&rf;
rsm;vmawmh 25 &mcdkifEIef;u
ae 50 &mcd k i f E I e f ; avmuf x d
aps;wufoGm;w,f}} [k q,f

a&mif;
846
846
658
1047
26.5
127
836

aygif
,l½dk
,ef;
,Grf
½lyD;
a':vm
0rf
&if;*pf
bwf
½lyD;,m;
a'gif
yDqdk
a':vm
a':vm
a':vm
a':vm
½lb,f
'g&rf

ypönf;
,lepf

a&T
1 atmifp
a&eHpdrf;
pnf
aiG
1 atmifp
aMu;eD
aygif
obm0"mwfaiGU mmbtu

(NAdwdef)
(Oa&myor*¾)
(*syef)
(w½kwf)
(tdEd´,)
(pifumyl)
(udk&D;,m;)
(rav;&Sm;)
(xdkif;)
(tif'dkeD;&Sm;)
(AD,uferf)
(zdvpfydkif)
(a[mifaumif)
(MopaMw;vs)
(e,l;ZDvef)
(uae'g)
(½k&Sm;)
(UAE)

aps;EIef;
(uefa':vm)
1ç622.100
98.430
28.512
331.350
2.326

2012 ZGef 2 &uf urÇmhaygufaps;EIef;jzpfonf/

jrefrmESifh tdE´d, A[kdbPfcsif;
em;vnfrIpmcRefvTma&;xdk;&ef oabmwl
jynfodrf;
&efukef? ar-29
jrefrmEdkifiHA[kdbPfESihf tdE´d,
Ekid if AH [kb
d Pf (Reserve bPf)
wdkYtMum; em;vnfrI pmcRefvTm
wpf&yfa&;xdk;oGm;&ef oabm
wlnDxm;aMumif; jrefrm-tdE´d
,ESpEf ikd if H yl;wGaJ Munmcsuw
f iG f
azmfjyxm;onf/

tdE,
d´ Edik if rH S pD;yGm;a&;vkyf
ief;&Sifrsm;onf jrefrmEkdifiHü
ukefoG,fa&;ESihf &if;ESD;jr§KyfEHSrI
rsm; jyKvkyfvdkaomfvnf; tar
&duefEkdifiH\ ta&;,lydwfqdkY
rIrsm;aMumihf ESpfEdkifiHta&mif;
t0,f aiGay;aiG,lu@wGif
pif u myl u d k Mum;cH v k y f u d k i f
&onf/ ESpfEkdifiHb@ma&;t

cufcJaMumihf vkyfief;rsm; t
aumif t xnf a zmf r I enf ; cJ h
aMumif; jrefrm-tdE,
d´ pD;yGm;a&;
vkyfief;&Siftoif;rS wm0ef&Sd
olwpfOD;u ajymonf/
]]A[kb
d Pftcsi;f csi;f tck
vdk vufrw
S x
f ;kd Ny;D &if bPfvyk f
ief;ywfoufwhJ enf;ynmtul
tnDawG &wmaygh/ pm(34)odkY

34

Business
odrfhodrfhpdk;
&efukef? ar-31
urÇmah &Taps;uGuf twuftus
Murf;aomfvnf; jynfwGif;a&T
aps;uGuf aps;EIef;ajymif;vJrI
enf ; NyD ; ta&mif ; t0,f y g;
aeaMumif; a&Tvyk if ef;&Sirf sm;u
ajymonf/
]]urÇmhaps;u 'D&ufydkif; t
wuftusrsm;w,f/ wpf&uf
wnf;eJYudk a':vm 20 avmuf
twuftusjzpfw,f/ jynfwiG ;f

a&Ta&mif;NyD; um;0,fwJholrsm;
vkYd Ny;D cJw
h &hJ ufu jyefa&mif;wJo
h l
rsm;wm jzpfEkdifw,f}}[k a&Tqdkif
vkyfief;&SifwpfOD;uajymonf/
]]a&Taps;EIef;twuftus
u urÇmhaps;ay:rlwnfw,f
qdak yr,hf jynfwiG ;f u a&Tw;l wJh
ukrÜPDawG EkdifiHawmfudk oGif;&
r,fh a&TawGvv
kd Ykd aps;uGux
f u
J
0,f&ifawmh aps;wufEidk w
f ,f}}
[k aps;uGufuRrf;usifol a&T
vkyfief;&SifwpfOD;u ajymonf/
txnfaps;uGufwGif 0,f
,lrIrsm;aom 15 yJ&nf aps;EIef;
rSm wpfusyfom;vQif 650ç000
usyfjzpfonf/

"mwfyHk - a*sarmifarmif(tr&yl&)

a&Taps;Nidrf

aps;uawmh usyf 5000 avmuf
yJ twuftusjzpfw,f/ 'D&uf
ydkif; ta&mif;t0,faps; uGuf
uawmh at;aew,f}}[k a&T
qdkifvkyfief;&SifwpfOD;u ajym
onf/
urÇmha&Taps;EIef;rsm;onf
ar 29 &ufu wpfatmifpvQif
1575 a':vm&SdaecJh&mrS ar
31 &uf w G i f 1560 a':vm
0ef;usifusqif;cJhonf/
jynfwGif;a&Taps;EIef;rSm ,
ck&ufykdif;wGif tacgufa&T wpf
usyfom;vQif 698ç500 usyf&Sd
aeonf/ ]]NyD;cJhwJh&ufydkif;u
a&T j yef a &mif ; wJ h o l r sm;w,f /

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

rEÅav;ukefpnfydkYaqmifa&;
vkyfief;&Siftoif; zJGUpnf;
odrfhodrfhpdk;
&efukef? ar-31
rEÅav;&Sd um;*dwfvkyfief;&Sif
rsm; yl ; aygif ; í rEÅ a v;wk d i f ;
a'oBuD; ta0;ajy;ukefpnfydkY
aqmifa&; vkyfief;&Sifrsm;t
oif;udk ar 27 &ufwGif zJGUpnf;
vku
d af Mumif; toif;Ouú| OD;cif
armifat;u ajymonf/
]]toif;zJGUpnf;&wJh &nf
&G , f c suf u um;orm;awG & J U
oma&; ema&;udpöawG&JU um;eJY
ywfoufwJh jyóemawG jzpf
vm&if ajz&Si;f Ekid af tmif zJUG pnf;
vkdufwJh oabmyJ}}[k ,if;u
ajymonf/
toif;zJUG pnf;rIukd rEÅav;
wkdif;a'oBuD;rS vrf;yef;quf
oG,af &;ESihf ydaYk qmifa&;0efBuD;
ESifh pufrIpD;yGm;pDrH0efBuD;wdkYESifh
twl &ef u k e f r S toif ; Ouú |
OD;vSO;D ESihf twGi;f a&;rSL;OD;udu
k kd

EkdifwdkYu vma&mufzJGUpnf;ay;
vkdufjcif; jzpfonf/
rEÅ a v;wk d i f ; a'oBuD ; rS
um;*dwfvkyfief;&Sifrsm;tae
jzifh toif;0ifvkdygu toif;
0ifaMu; 30000 usyfESifh vpOf
aMu; 5000 usyf ay;aqmif&
rnfjzpfonf/
xdkYtjyif &efukef toif;
uJhodkYyif owif;ydkYpepfrsm; vkyf
aqmif&rnfjzpf&m owif;ydkY
aMu;twGuf 400 usyfESifh pm
&Gufpmwrf;aMu; 100 usyf us
oifhrnfjzpfonf/
rEÅ a v;wk d i f ; a'oBuD ;
ta0;ajy;ukefpnfydkYaqmifa&;
vkyfief;&Sifrsm; toif; Ouú|
rSm a&T*kefref;um;*dwfrS OD;cif
armifat;jzpfNyD; 'kOuú|rsm;rSm
OD;pdkif;0if;ESifh OD;odef;aqGwdkYt
jzpf a&G;cs,fxm;aMumif; od&
onf/

pm(33) - jrefrmESifh tdE´d, A[kdbPfcsif;
em;vnfrIpmcRefvTma&;xdk;&ef oabmwl rS
'DrSmu 0efxrf;awG&JU t&nft
aoG;t&rf;udktm;enf;aew,f}}
[k uarÇmZbPf'w
k ,
d Ouú|-2
OD;oef;vGifuqdkonf/
tdE´d,EdkifiH United Bank
udk,fpm;vS,f½Hk;cGJudkvnf; &ef
ukeNf rKd UwGifrMumrDziG v
fh pS rf nfjzpf
onf/ tdE´d,-jrefrmESpfEdkifiH
ukefoG,frIwGif jrefrmEdkifiHu
tompD; &&SdaerIudk tdEd´,u
ajymif;vJ&ef BudK;pm;aeaMumif;
vnf; ukefonfpufrItoif;
csKyfrS wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u &Sif;
jyonf/
tdE,
´d Edik if rH S pD;yGm;a&;vkyf
ief;&Sifrsm;onf qdyfurf;rsm;?
ta0;ajy;vrf;rBuD;rsm;? a&eH
ESihf obm0"mwfaiGU? pdkufysdK;
a&;? ukefxkwfa&;? 0efaqmifrI
vkyfief;rsm;ESihf owif;tcsuf
tvuf? qufoG,fa&;ESihf enf;

ynmponfh u@rsm;wGif &if;
ESD;jr§KyfESH&ef pdwf0ifpm;rIrsm; &Sd
aMumif;od&onf/ xdt
Yk jyif 2015
ckEpS w
f iG f ESpfEdkifiHukefoG,frI ESpf
qwd;k jri§ &hf efukd pDpOfxm;aMumif;
tqkdygaMunmcsufwGif yg0if
onf/
vuf&SdjrefrmEkdifiHü &if;ESD;
jr§KyfESHxm;onfh EkdifiHrsm;wGif
tdE´d,EkdifiHonf tqifh 13 ü
&SdNyD; vkyfief;ig;ckESifh &if;ESD;jr§Kyf
ESrH w
I efz;kd uefa':vm 189 oef;
&Sdonf/ jrefrmEkdifiHwGif EkdifiH
aygif; 32 u EdkifiH&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHNyD;
wefz;kd aiGyrmPrSm uefa':vm
40ç431 'or 454 oef ; &S d
onf/ ,if;wdkYxJwGif w½kwfEkdif
iHonf trsm;qH;k jzpfNy;D uefa':
vm 13ç947 'or 146 oef;
&Sdonf/

35

Knowledge

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

7DAY

BOOK
R E V I E W

ZGef 6 &uf rS 12 &uf txd

ARIES

rdó&moDzGm; (rwf21-{NyD20)

Taurus

Nydó&moDzGm; ({NyD21-ar21)

ajyma&; qdak &;aqmifjrifrnf/ tvkyu
f aH umif;rnf/ b0wk;d wufrnf/ OpömpD;yGm; wk;d yGm;rnf/ rdwaf qG
opf wk;d yGm;rnf/ ynmtwwfEiS yhf wfoufNy;D a&G;cs,&f cufavmufatmif tcGit
hf a&; ESprf sK;d wpfNyKd if
wnf;ay:rnf/ ywf0ef;usifwGif aumif;aom *kPfowif;ESifhausmfMum;rnf/ tvSLtwef;? r*Fvm
udpörsm; BuHKrnf/ MuefYMumaeaom &ydkifcGifhrsm; jyef&rnf/

b0pnf;e&D

(boef;-"r®du)

awmifudk&D;,m;EkdifiH
bmaMumifUwdk;wufatmifjrifcJUovJ (rSL;aZmf)

1921 ckESpfu a[mfvefjynfom; 'wfcsfvlrsdK;wpf
OD;jzpfol [ife&Dabm&Jvf jyKpkcJhonfh usrf;tm;
t*Fvyd b
f momodYk jyefqx
kd m;jcif;ukd ]a,mfeoHpif
a&mf}pmtkyt
f m; bmomjyefqckd o
hJ l boef;("r®u
d )
ujrefrmbmomodYk jyefqv
kd u
kd o
f nfh usr;f i,fwpf
qljzpfonf/Ak'¨a*gwrESihfacwfNydKifay:xGef;cJh
aom w½kwjf ynfrS ynm&Sd Bu;D avmifp\
k "r®w&m;
udk qifjcifí rl&if;pma&;olu qifhyGm;cHpm;awG;
awmum a&;om;xm;onf h p mtk y f j zpf o nf /
avmifpk\ wpfckwnf;aom usrf;&if;rSm wm-tkd
aw*sif;jzpfNyD; 'óeynm&Siftrsm;tjym;u
xdkusr;f onf bmoma&;usrf;rsm;xJwGif twdkqHk;
ESit
fh cufq;kH usr;f tjzpf todtrSwjf yKcMhJ uonf/
,ckpmtkyw
f iG rf eS jf cif;w&m;awmfjrwf (opö)?
vSjcif;w&m;awmfjrwf(aomb)ESifh cspjf cif;w&m;
awmfjrwf(arwå)[lí tcef;oHk;cef;cGJí a&;om;
xm;onf/boef;("r®du)\pum;OD;ü ]uRefawmf
wdkY\ ax&0g'Ak'¨pmayESihfw&m;obifavmu
xJücE¨m? tm,we? "mwf? opöm? y#dpöorkyÜg'f?
udavom? vu©Pma&;oHk;yg;? ed0g&P? aAm"d
yu©,
d ? r*f? zdv
k ?f pdw?f apwodw?f ½ky?f edAmÁ ef? ÓPf
pOf paomw&m;pum;awGukd zefwpf&mawatmif
wMum;wnf;Mum;ae&onfh Mum;xJrS tjyifw&m;
"r® 'óeavmuxJodkY wpfcgwpf&HxGufNyD; em;
pGiv
hf u
kd o
f nft
h cg uReaf wmfwYkd pdwEf v
S ;kH onf wpf
rsdK;opfvGif vef;qef;vmwwfonf/ oufa&muf
onfh tBuD;qHk;tusdK;aus;Zl;onfum; t,l0g'
trsKd ;rsKd ;ü ouf0if,kH MunfaeMuaom vlom;awG
tcsi;f csi;f Mum;ü ckid cf idk Nf rNJ rJ wd;k wd;k wnf&adS eaom
eH&HwHwdkif;NcHpnf;½dk;rsm;onf uRefawmfwdkY oEÅmef
twGif;rS NydKNydKusukefNyD; ]'DurÇmwpf&mG }[lonfh t
ñGeq
Yf ;kH vlaY bmif avmutjrifukd &&Sv
d mjcif;yif
jzpfonf}}[ka&;om;azmfjyxm;onf/ rHka&G;pm
tkyfwdkufu wefzdk; 1ç500 usyfjzihf jzefYcsdonf/

1944 ckEpS rf pS í aemifEpS af ygif; 30 twGi;f ud&k ;D
,m;or®wEkid if H udk atmifjrifr&I &Sad patmifrl0g'
vrf;pOfrsm; csrSwf&mü ta&;yg olwpfOD;jzpfol
udk&D;,m;xdyfwef;0efBuD;uifacsmif[rf (Kim
Chung-Yum) a&;cJhaom b0tawGUtBuHKpm
tkyftm; urÇmhbPfu twdkcsHK;íxkwfa0cJh&m
tqdyk gpmtkyu
f kd pma&;q&mrSL;aZmfu jrefrmbm
omodkY jyefqdkxm;jcif;jzpfonf/

rl & if ; pma&;q&m uif a csmif [ rf o nf
awmif-ajrmufudk&D;,m; ppfyGJaMumihf ysufpD;,kd
,Gif;cJhaom udk&D;,m;or®wEkdifiHtm; jyefvnf
xlaxmif&mwGif yg0ifcNhJ y;D Ekid if t
H yk cf sKyaf &;ESifh pD;
yGm;a&;e,fy,fü ñTefMum;a&;rSL;csKyf? 'kwd,0ef
BuD;? b@ma&;0efBuD;tjzpfcefYtyfcH&um udk
&D;,m;\ pDrHudef;BuD;rsm;wGif xJxJ0if0if vkyf
udkifaqmif&GufcJholjzpfonf/
xdjYk yif awmifu&kd ;D ,m;Ekid if jH yKjyifajymif;vJrI
rsm;wGif t"du OD;aqmifcJhol or®wywfcsHK[D;
\ 0efxrf;a&;&mtBuD;tuJESifh r[mAsL[m pDrH
udef;rsm;ü or®wtm; ulnDyHhydk;&ol ynm&Sif
tjzpfaqmif&GufcJholwpfOD;yDyD ,ckpmtkyfwGif
ud&k ;D ,m;Edik if H tqifq
h ifw
h ;kd wufatmifjrifvm
jcif;? BudK;yrf;aqmif&GufrIrsm;? tcuftcJrsm;
ESihf tawGUtBuHKrsm;udkwpf0BuD; zwf½I&rnfjzpf
onf/
pmtkyfygtaMumif;t&mrsm;onf zGHUNzdK;qJ
EkdifiHrsm;ESihf toGiful;ajymif;pEkdifiHrsm;rS wdkif;
jynfOD;aqmifrnfhyk*¾dKvfrsm;? tpdk;&ESihf yk*¾vd
u0efxrf;rsm;twGuf &nf&G,fxm;aomfvnf;
EkdifiHa&;odyÜH? EkdifiHwumqufqHa&;ausmif;
om;? ausmif;olrsm;twGufvnf; tusdK;jzpf
xGef;aprnfh pmtkyfjzpfonf[k azmfjyyg&Sdonf/
jynfph pkH mtkyw
f u
kd u
f wefz;kd 3ç000 usyjf zifh
xkwfa0onf/

aiGtvk;H vdu
k f tcJvu
dk 0f ifjcif;? a&Txnfypön;f &&Sjd cif; BuHKrnf/ xl;jcm;aom bk&m;qif;wkawmfrsm;?
"mwfawmfrsm;? ykHawmfrsm; vufaqmif&jcif;? tdrfodkYa&muf&Sdvmjcif;BuHKrnf/ rxifrSwfbJ bmom
a&; tvSLtwef;udprö sm; aqmif&u
G &f jcif;BuHKrnf/ Ak'[
¨ ;l aeY? aomMumaeY arG;aomolrsm;ESihf aygif;
í wkd;wufrIrsm; xl;jcm;pGm&&Sdrnf/

Gemini

arxkef&moDzGm; (ar 22-ZGef 21)

c&D;ESifh ywfoufaom uHaumif;onf/ tvSLtwef;? bmoma&;ESifhywfoufaom c&D;oGm;&rnf/
&yfa0;c&D;oGm;&ef BuHpnfuvnf; þ&uftwGif;oGm;&rnf/ vkyfief;cGifrSolrsm; tvkyfwkd;wuf
jcif;? uHaumif;jcif;rsm;? ae&mtajymif;tvJESifh wkd;wufjcif;rsm; BuHKrnf/ tdk;tdrfae&mxkdifcif;
topfwnfaqmufjcif;? ajymif;vJ&jcif;rsm; BuHKrnf/

Cancer

u&u#f&moDzGm; (ZGef 22-Zlvkdif 22)

aiGtpkvkduf 0ifrnf/ tcuftcJrsm; ajz&Sif;tqifajyrnf/ twwfynmESifhywfoufaom tusKd;
qufaumif;&&Sdrnf/ vkyfief;opf? pD;yGm;opfrsm;udk pepfwus a&SUwdk;aqmif&GufEkdifrnf/ rlv&nf
rSef;xm;jcif;r&SdbJ ½kwfw&ufvkyfvkdufaom udpöudk t*Fg? aomMumaeYarG;olwpfOD;OD;u ulnDí
vkyfief;tqifajyoGm;rnf/ rsufESmyGifhvef;rnf/

LEO

od[f&moDzGm; (Zlvkdif23-Mo*kwf23)

txl;aumif;aomumvjzpfonf/ &nfrSef;csufrsm; atmifjrifrnf/ tBuD;tuJrsm;\ ESpfoufrI
udk &&SdcHpm;&rnf/ rdom;pkwGif tvkyfwdk;wufjcif;? aiGaMu;uHaumif;jcif; &Sdrnf/ &wemypönf;
rsm; vufcH&&Sdrnf/ ysufaeonfh pufypönf;rsm; jyKjyifokH;pJGyg/ vlrsKd;uJGujym; &Srf;? w½kwf? ukvm;
rsm;ESifhywfoufí tusKd;aumif;rsm; &&Sdrnf/

Virgo

uef&moDzGm; (Mo*kwf24-pufwifbm22)

txl;aumif;aom &ufrsm;jzpfonf/ tvkyfudpö? pD;yGm;udpörsm; ajymqdkaqmif&Gufatmifjrifrnf/
rdom;pkwGif aiGaMu;wkd;yGm;jcif;? vmbfvmb aumif;jcif;&Sdrnf/ rarQmfvifhbJ OpömaiGaMu;0ifrnf/
ynmtwwfEiS yhf wfoufí tusK;d &Srd nf/ vkyif ef;cGio
f ifwef;rsm; wufa&muf&rnfqu
dk vufcyH g/
pkwfBuD;? vmbfBuD;0ifrnf/

LIbra

wl&moDzmG ; (pufwifbm23-atmufwb
dk m23)

NcH? um;? tcef; ta[mif;xGufí topf0ifjcif;? oD;oefYtopf&jcif; &Sdrnf/ emrnfausmfMum;rIESifh
aumif;owif;ausmaf Zmjcif;rsm; BuKH rnf/ ta<u;awmif;í aumif;onf/ aqGrsK;d tBu;D tuJ rsm;xHrS
taxmuftulaumif;rsm; &&Sdrnf/ rsufESmyGifhrnf/ tdrfjyKjyifjcif;? topfwnfaqmuf jcif;rsm;
BuHpnfu atmifjriftqifajyrnf/

Scorpio

NAdpäm&moDzGm; (atmufwkdbm24-Ekd0ifbm22)

vkyfief;cGifrSolrsm;tzdkY tvGefwm0efBuD;onfh tvkyfydk udpöydkrsm; udkifwG,f&wwfonf/ ½kwfw
&uf ajymif;vJvmaom vkyfazmfudkifzufrsm;ESifh o[Zmwrjzpfjcif;rsKd; BuHKrnf/udk,fvkyfaeus
tvkyfrsm;tay: vma&mufpGwfzufolrsm;ESifh BuHKrnf/ aqG&if;? rsKd;&if;rsm;\ tvSLr*FvmodkY
oGm;a&muf&if; tvkyfopf? tquftoG,fopfrsm; wkd;yGm;rnf/

Sagittarus "Ek&moDzGm; (Ekd0ifbm23-'DZifbm21)

olwpfyg;tay: vGefvGefuJuJ ,kHMunfjcif;iSm roifh/ aiGaMu;udpö? vlrIa&;udpörsm;wGif Mum;
0ifí wm0ef,lí tmrcH&ef BuHKrnf/ Ak'¨[l;aeY? we*FaEGaeY arG;aomolrsm;\ pdwfudk wm0ef
,ltmrcHjcif;rsm; a&Smifyg/ ½kwfw&ufxdcdkuf'Pf&m&jcif;rsm; BuHKrnf/ zcif(odkYr[kwf) rdcifbufrS
aqGrsKd;rsm;ESifhywfoufí pdwfaomu jzpf&rnf/

arG;cgprSmwif t&yf ajcmufayjrifUwm b,folawGvJ
opfuv
k m;tkwrf sm;onf t&yftjrifq
h ;kH tjzpfrw
S w
f rf;0ifaom wd&pämefjzpfNy;D opfuv
k m;tkwf
aygufpyifvQif arG;cgpü ajcmufay&Sdum yxroHk;vtwGif; wpfvvQif 12vufrt&yfxGuf
onf[kqdkonf/ ¤if;wdkYonfwpfESpftwGif;rSmyif ESpfqt&yfxGufvmavh&Sdonf/ arG;NyD;p
opfukvm;tkwfi,fonf rdepf 30 twGif; rwfwwfx&yfEdkifum ig;&uftwGif;vrf;aumif;
pGmavQmufEdkifonf/ t&G,fa&mufNyD; opfukvm;tkwfwpfaumifonf t&yftjrifh q,fh&Spfay
txufwiG &f o
dS nf[q
k o
kd nf/ opfuv
k m;tkwrf sm;onf ttdyef nf;MuNy;D okawoDtcsKd U\cefrY eS ;f
ajymMum;csut
f &aeYtcsed w
f iG f em&D0ufrS wpfem&Dtxd aeYpOftyd af vh&u
dS m ntcsed w
f iG if g;rdepf
cefY omtdyMf uonf[o
k &d onf/ ,if;wdo
Yk nfrsm;aomtm;jzifh rwfwwftaetxm;jzifo
h mtdyf
MuNyD; wpfcgwpf&HwGif udk,fudk0yfum OD;acgif;udkajcaxmufay:wifacGtdyfavh&Sdonf[k qdk
onf/ opfukvm;tkwrf sm;\jrifhrm;aomt&yfu &efoludkBudKwifjrifEidk pf Grf;&Sdojzifh a&Smif&Sm;rI
jyKEdkif&eftwGuf taxmuftulay;onf/

Ref:www.ehow.com

Capricorn rum&&moDzGm; ('DZifbm22-Zefe0g&D20)

vkyforQ atmifjrifrnf/ OpömuHwdk;yGm;jcif;? pdwftaESmifht,SufrS uif;a0;jcif;&Sdrnf/ Mumo
yaw;aeY? paeYaeYarG;aomolrsm;aumif;usKd;ay;onf/ tcuftcJrsm; ajyvnfrnf/ c&D;udpö?
t&yfa0;ESifh qufoG,f&onfh tvkyfudpörsm;wGif atmifjrifrnf/ rdwfaqGtaxmuftul& rnf/
aq;0g;uko&ef aumif;onf/

Aquarius

ukr&f moDzmG ; (Zefe0g&D21-azazmf0g&D18)

rarQmfvifhbJ aiG0ifjcif;? tvkyftqifajyjcif; &Sdrnf/ vlrsKd;uGJtusKd;ay;rnf xDESifhywfoufaom
uHaumif;onf/ qkH;xm;onfhaiGaMu;rsm; jyef&rnf/ pdwful;opfrsm; vufawGUtaumiftxnf
azmfEkdifrnf/ taemufawmift&yfrS vmbf0ifrnf/ emrnfatmifjrifrI&&Sdrnf/ bmoma&;udpö?
tvSLtwef;udpörsm; yg0ifywfouf&rnf/

Pisces

rdef&moDzGm; (azazmf0g&D19-rwf20)

c&D;ESifhywfoufaom udpörsm; aqmif&Guftqifajyrnf/ vlrsKd;uJG? vlrsKd;jcm;tusKd;ay;rnf/
ynmtwwfaumif;rsm; avhvm&rnf/ wpfBudrfwpfcgrS a&mufzl;jcif;r&Sdaom t&yfa'orsm;odkY
oGm;vma&muf&Sdrnf/ Ak'¨[l;aeY? Mumoyaw;aeYarG;aomolrsm; rdrdtm; tusKd;ay;rnf/ ta&;
BuD;aom udpörsm;tm; paeaeY arG;olESifh wkdifyifNyD; aqmif&Gufyg/

36

News Analysis

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

yGifhvif;vmaom usL;bm;
Munfae0if;rif;
vGefcJhaom 'DZifbmvu rpö
umb,f,Ekd iS hf olr\ trsK;d om;
wdkY [mAm;em;&Sd olrwdkY tdrfwGif
pm;aomufqdkifpzGifhcJh&m 0if
a&mufpm;aomufrnfhol wpf
a,mufrQ r&SdcJhay/ Bollwood
pm;aomuf q k d i f t wG u f pd w f
tm;avsmph &m pwifrjI zpfonf/
usL;bm;Ek d i f i H Nrd K Uawmf w G i f
yxrOD;qHk; tdEd´,pm;aomuf
qd k i f p wif z G i f h v S p f & ef B ud K ;pm;
cJhaom rpöumb,f,dkwdkYZeD;
armifESHrSmvnf; uGefjrLepfrsm;
tkyfcsKyfaeaom wdkif;jynfwGif
rMumao;rD u tpjyKcJ h o nf h
jyKjyif a jymif ; vJ r I r sm;tay:
¤if;wdkY\ pdwful;tdyfrufrsm;
ysufpD;oGm;rnfudk pdk;&drfaecJh
onf/
odkYaomf aemufwpfaeY
wGif pm;oHk;olrsm; wjznf;jznf;

csi;f 0ifvmonf/ wpfqifph um;
wpfqifhem;ESifh ¤if;wkdYqkdifudk
tm;ay;rnfhol ydkrsm;vmcJh
onf / naygif ; rsm;pG m rS m yif
wcsKdUpm;oHk;olrsm;udk ae&mr&Sd
awmhaMumif;ajym&onf/ odkYr
[kwf olrwdkY\ xrif;pm;cef;
wGifyg wnfcif;{nhfcH&onf/
qdkiftwGuf tulrsm;vnf;
xyf a c:xm;&onf / ,ck q d k
vQirf pöumb,f,w
kd Ydk ZeD;armif
ESHu ¤if;wdkY\ 1950 jynfhESpf
wG i f a qmuf x m;aomtd r f u d k
jyifqifí vl 22 OD;om wnf
cif;{nhfcHEkdifaom ae&mudk wdk;
csJUum ¤if;wdkYtdyfcef;ae&mrSm
yif pm;yJGukvm;xkdifrsm;csNyD;
bm;wpfczk iG v
hf pS &f ef pDpOfaeMu
onf/
Bollywood qdkif\ Zmwf
vrf;rSm 2010 jynfhESpfwGif usL;

bm;or® w &m[l ; uuf p x½d k
u pD;yGm;a&;jyKjyifajymif;vJrI
rsm;udk tueft
Y owfEiS phf wifchJ
csed af emufyikd ;f usL;bm;Edik if w
H iG f
ajymif ; vJ r I r sm; wk d ; wuf jzpf
ay:vmyku
H kd xif[yfjyaeonf/
usef;rma&;csKdU,Gif;vmí
¤if;\tpfudkjzpfol zD',fuuf
px½dkvGefcJhaom av;ESpfu &m
xl;rS qif;ay;cJhNyD; aemufydkif;
rpö w m&m[l ; uuf p x½d k u
EdkifiHom;rsm; udk,fydkifvkyfief;
rsm; vkyu
f ikd jf cif;udk tm;ay;vmcJh
onf / ,cif u Ek d i f i H a wmf t
wG u f o m uef Y o wf x m;aom
vkyif ef;u@rsm;wGif tajymif;
tvJrsm; pwifvkyfaqmifvm
cJhonf/ ,cifu arSmifcdkaps;
uGufwGif BuD;yGm;aeaom vkyf
ief;rsm;ü ajymif;vJrIrsm;vkyf
aqmifco
hJ nf/ zD',fuufpx½dk

OD;aqmifcJhaom 1950 awmf
vSefa&;umv aemufydkif;rSpí
yxrOD;qHk;tBudrftjzpf tdrf
ESifhum;rsm;udk a&mif;cscGifh? 0,f
,lcGifhay;cJhonf/
v,fvkyfvkdaom v,fo
rm;rsm;taejzif h tpd k ; &xH r S
v,f,miSm;&rf;vkyu
f ikd v
f mEkid f
onf / topf a y:xG u f v m
aom pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;i,frsm;
tm;jynf e ,f t pk d ; &rsm; od k Y r
[kwfygu tpkd;&ukrÜPDrsm;ESifh
uef x ½d k u f p mcsKyf c sKyf q d k v k y f
udkifcGifhrsm; ay;vmcJhonf/ xdkY
twGuaf Mumifyh if usL;bm;Edik if H
om; trsm;tjym;ud,
k yf ikd f pD;yGm;
a&;vkyif ef;rsm; xlaxmifvmMu
onf/ wpfcsdefwnf;rSmyif aiG
aMu;usyfwnf;aeaom tpkdk;&
u toH;k p&dwu
f akd vQmch sNy;D tcGef
twkyfrsm; ydkrkd&&dSatmif BudK;

pm;vsuf&Sdonf/
udk,fydkiftvkyfvkyfolrsm;
uvnf; ¤if;wdkY\ tdrfrsm;rSae
í odkYr[kwfygu vrf;ab;wGif
pm;yJcG rkH sm;csí tpm;taomuf?
0efaqmifrrI sm;ESihf ukeyf pön;f rsK;d
pHk a&mif;csMuonf/ ud,
k yf ikd pf m;
aomufqdkifrsm; zGifhvSpfvmMu
NyD; awmfvSefa&;rwkdifrDu Mum;
aeusjzpfaom vrf;ab;aps;
onfrsm;\ wpmpmatmfac:
oH r sm;? vl a etd r f & mrsm;wG i f
wpf z ef j yef í yJ h w if x yf v m
onf/ ,cktcgwGif udk,fydkift
vkyv
f yk u
f ikd af eol usL;bm;Ekid if H
om; 371ç000 &SdvmNyD[k [m
Am;em;u qkdygonf/ ,if;rSm
2010 jynfEh pS f pufwifbmvwGif
or®w&m[l;uufpx½dku yk*¾
vdu vkyfief;rsm;udk tuefYt
owfjzifh pwifcGifhjyKcsdefü udk,f
ydkiftvkyfvkyfol 157ç000 om
&Sjd cif;ESihf EIid ;f ,SOMf unhEf idk o
f nf/
2012 ckESpftwGif; tpdk;&t
vkyfr[kwfaom tvkyftudkif
aygif; 240ç000 xyfrHzefwD;
Edkifvdrfhrnf[k pD;yGm;a&;0efBuD;
t'Jv½f 'kd &Duw
G pf u
f qdyk gonf/
a&SUqufívnf; tajymif;
tvJrsm;pGm vkyfaqmif&ef&SdEkdif
ygonf/ uGefjrLepfygwD tqifh
jrifht&m&SdwpfOD;jzpfol rpöwm
tufpwmbef[meef'ufpfu
rdefYcGef;wpfckwGif a&SUvmrnfh
ig;ESpftwGif; usL;bm;EkdifiH\
pD ; yG m ;a&;tm; tpd k ; &r[k w f
aomu@rsm;ü 50 &mcdkifEIef;
eD;yg;txd vkyfudkifcGifhjyKrnf[k
ajymMum;ygonf/ vuf&SdwGif
tpk;d &ryg0ifaom pD;yGm;a&;vkyf
ief; 5 &mckdifEIef;om&Sdygonf/
odkYaomf ,if;rSm t&if;&Sif
pepfqDodkY ajymif;vJvmaom
t&if;jyKpepf r[kwfay/ EkdifiH
a&;jyKjyifajymif;vJrIrSm jyKjyif
ajymif;vJa&;tpDtpOfwiG f ryg
0ifay/ &nfreS ;f csurf mS yk*v
¾ u
d
u@ydrk Bdk uD;xGm;vmatmifjyKpk
ysKd;axmif&if; ydkíoGufvuf
jrefqefaom EdkifiHawmfAsL½dku
a&pDpepfudk zefwD;um uGefjrL

epfygwD qufvuftmPm&&Sd
apa&;jzpfonf/ rdrdwdkY\ udk,f
ydkif[ef? udk,fydkifyHkpHESifh zGHUNzdK;wdk;
wufvmcJhonf[k usL;bm;Ekdif
iHuqkdygonf/ odkYaomf vGefcJh
aomESpfaygif; 30 uw½kwfEdkif
iHEiS hf EdiI ;f ,SOyf gu omrsiaf nmif
n[kq&kd rnfjzpfonf/ &nfreS ;f
csuftwdkif; jzpfvmrnfvm;qdk
onfrSm usL;bm;EkdifiHESifhywf
oufí BuD;rm;aomrodudef;
wpfrsKd;yif jzpfonf/
e,fy,faygif;pHkrS udk,fydkif
tvkyv
f yk o
f rl sm;ESihf awGUqHak r;
jref;&mwGifvnf; atmifjrifrI
ESifhus½IH;rIrsm; a&maESmaeonf
udkawGU&onf/ trsm;pktwGuf
¤if;wdv
Yk yk if ef;rsm;udk qufvuf
vk y f u d k i f E k d i f & ef tajctae
aumif ; aomf v nf ; ¤if ; wk Y d \
b0wG i f wk d ; wuf r I t oif h t
wifo
h m&Syd gonf/ tcsKUd uvnf;
tBuD ; tus,f a tmif j rif a e
onf [ k qd k M uygonf / tcsKd U
uvnf; olwdkYvkyfief;awGudk
&yfvkdufNyD (odkYr[kwf)&yfzdkYpOf;
pm;aeNyD[kqdkMuonf/ tMurf;
zsif;tm;jzifh pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;
opf 25 &mckdifEIef; ratmifjrif
bJusqHk;oGm;onf[k usL;bm;
pD;yGm;a&;ynm&Sifrsm;uqkdyg
onf/
usL;bm;EdkifiH\ yGifhzl;ae
aompD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;rsm; yGifh
vef;vmzdv
Yk ydk gonf/ taMumif;
rSma&SUqufrnfh tem*wfwGif
tvkyftudkif&&Sda&;udkd tpkd;&
utmrcH a y;Ed k i f a wmh r nf r
[k w f a omaMumif h j zpf o nf /
vuf&w
dS iG f Edik if \
H tvkyo
f rm;
aygif; 5 'or 2 oef;\ 85 &mcdik f
EIef;udk tpdk;&u tvkyftudkif
ay;xm;aomfvnf; 2015 ckESpf
ta&mufwGif tvkyform;wpf
oef;avQmhcs&ef pDpOfxm;onf/
xd k t csd e f w G i f tvk y f j zKwf c H &
aom tvkyform;rsm;rSm rdrd
udk,fydkiftvkyfvkyfudkif aeMu
vdrrhf nf[í
l tpd;k &u arQmrf eS ;f
xm;onf/
—Ref: Reuters

37

38

Commodity Watch
tDvufx&Gefepfypönf;aps;EIef;rsm;

Computer

CPU

Intel P4 Dual Core 2.6 (1155) (G620)

52,080

Intel P4 Core i3 3.1 GHz (1155,2100)

95,760

Intel P4 Core i5 3.1 GHz (1155,3450)

153,720

Intel P4 Core i7 3.1 GHz (1155,2600)

241,080

Motherboard

MSI G41M-P28 (775)

51,240

MSI H67MA-E35(1155)

84,840

MSI H61M-E23 (1155)

65,520

Kyats

trsKd;tpm;

armf',f

Toshiba (LCD)

32BX10T

205,000

32SC4S

240,000

32BX

250,000

LZE 21-28

90,000

Panasonic(LCD)
Sony (LCD)
Toshiba (TV)

8082

19,000

EVD(Sony)

DVK75

19,000

LG

DV276

19,000

8TMI

30,000

119,280

ASUS P5G41T-MLX (775)

51,240

ASUS P8H61MLX Plus (1155)

55,440

ASUS P8H61 Pro (1155)

79,800

ASUS P8H61 USB3 (1155)

75,600

Gigabyte G41MT-S2 (775)

52,080

Gigabyte H61M-S2(B3)(1155)

65,520

Gigabyte H67M-D2(B3)(1155)

100,800

PC Memory

2 GB DDR3 (1333) Kingston 12,600

4 GB DDR3 (1333) Kingston 20,160

Panasonic

Harddisk

500 GB Western Digital SATA

Toshiba

1TB Seagate SATA

97,440

2TB Seagate SATA

123,480

PCI Express Card

MSI N430GT 2GB PCI Express Card

64,680

ASUS ENGTX520 1GB PCI Express Card

45,360

ASUS ENG 430 1GB PCI Express Card(64 bit)

51,240

ASUS EHA 6850 1GB DDR5 PCI Express Card

152,880

ASUS EAH 5450 1GB DDR3 PCI Express Card

35,280

ASUS EAH 5450 512MB PCI Express Card

31,080

Gigabyte Geforce 210 TC 1GI 1GB PCI Express Card

35,000

Gigabyte ATI Radeon HDR545 SC 1GB PCI Express Card

58,800

Gigabyte ATI Radeon HDR 6450 1 GB D3 PCI Express Card 71,400

Memory Stick

TOSHIBA 4GB

6,000

Silicon Power 4GB (322)

5,040

Silicon Power 4GB (836)

5,040

Kingston 4GB

4,500

Kingston 8GB

6,500

Kingston 16GB

13,000

Kingston 32GB

26,500

UPS

Numeric (600VA) UPS

36,120

Numeric(1000VA) UPS

67,200

SVC (600VA) UPS

29,000

SVC (1200VA) UPS

59,000

Power Pro (650VA)UPS

34,500

Power Pro (1200VA)UPS

63,000

Power Tree (650VA)UPS

35,000

Power Tree (1250VA)UPS

60,000

DVD Writer

ASUS DVD Writer (SATA)

21,000

HP DVD Writer SATA

22,000

Liteon DVD Writer SATA

tdwfaqmifwdyd#utbd"mef

EVD (AEK)

a&cJaowåm

Samsung
Sanyo
Hitachi
Panasonic

72,240

Acer
Intel Core i7 2.0Ghz 4GB DDR3,640 HDD,1GB VGA,14.0"

640,000

Intel Core i5 2.30Ghz 4GB DDR3,640 HDD,1GB VGA,14.0" 528,000
Intel Core i3 2.10Ghz 2GB DDR3,500 HDD,14.0"

399,000

Intel DualCore 1.6Ghz 2GB DDR3,640 HDD,256VGA,14.0" 338,400
Intel Atom 1.66Ghz 2GB DDR3, 320GB HDD,10.1"

256,000

Dell
Intel Core i7 2.0Ghz 6GB DDR3, 640 HDD,1GB VGA,15.6"

880,000

Intel Core i5 2.30Ghz 6GB DDR3, 640 HDD, 15.6"

552,000

Intel Core i3 2.10Ghz 4GB DDR3, 500 HDD, 14.0"

488,000

Intel Atom 1.66Ghz 1GB DDR3, 250 HDD, 10.1"

304,000

Lenovo
Intel Core i7 2.10Ghz 8GB DDR3,750 HDD,2GB VGA,15.6" 847,200
Intel Core i5 2.3Ghz 2GB DDR3,750 HDD,1GB VGA,14"

535,200

Intel Core i3 2.2Ghz 2GB DDR3,500 HDD, 14"

407,200

160,000

SR811

450,000

19AGV7

225,000

NR.BT223

225,000

Washing
XPB-90-99885

130,000

MAS 70 V2

180,000

120 R

120,000

trsKd;trnf

a&wGufykH aps;EIef;

bdvyfajr (,dk;',m; qifwHqdyf)
bdvyfajr (,dk;',m; INSee)
bdvyfajr (jrif;acgif;wHqdyf)
bdvyfajr (ausmufql;wHqdyf)
tkwf (ukef;tkwf-yxrwef;pm;)
tkwf (ukef;tkwf-'kwd,wef;pm;)
tkwf (8 ayguftkwf) (txkdifaps;)
tkwf (10 ayguftkwf)(txkdifaps;)
oJ (tMurf;)
oJ (tEk)
ausmuf
umvmpwD;trkd;jym; 4 angle(0.3mm)
umvmpwD;trdk;jym; 4 angle(0.312mm)
umvmpwD;trdk;jym; 4 angle(0.36mm)
umvmpwD;trkd;jym; 4 angle(0.346mm)
umvmpwD;trdk;jym; 4 angle(0.4mm)
Posco Mu,fpdrf;(6/7/8 ay)
Posco Mu,fpdrf;(9/10 ay)
Posco Mu,fpdrf;(11/12 ay)
½dk;½dk;oGyfrdk;jym;(qifeD 6/7/8/9/10/11/12)
½dk;½dk;oGyfrdk;jym;(qif 6/7/8)
xkH;(8 ydómtdwf)

wpftdwf
4ç950
wpftdwf
4ç800
wpftdwf
4ç000
wpftdwf
4ç650
wpfvkH;
105
wpfvkH;
88
wpfvkH;
100
wpfvkH; 200
wpfusif;
13ç000
wpfusif;
7ç500
wpfusif;
57ç000
1 ay
660
1 ay
720-800
1 ay
1ç000
1 ay
950
1 ay
1ç100
1 ayEIef;
490
1 ayEIef;
495
1 ayEIef;
500
1 ay
535
1 ayEIef;
325
wpftdwf
1ç000

txufygaps;EIe;f rsm;rSm ZGev
f (2) &ufwiG f aumuf,x
l m;aomaps;EIe;f rsm;jzpfNyD;
ajymif;vJrItenf;i,f&SdEdkifonf/

trnf

c&rf;csOfoD;(tif;oD;)
yef;a*:zD
a*:zDxkyf
rkefvmOeD
bdkpm;yJoD;
c&rf;oD;
a&TyJoD;
rkefnif;jzLxkyf
i½kwfoD;(yDeH)
i½kwf&Snf
i½kwfyG

ta&twGuf
1 aowåm
1 xkyf
1 xkyf
1 ydóm
1 ydóm
1 vkH;
1 ydóm
1 ydóm
1 ydóm
1 ydóm
1 ydóm

trsKd;tpm;

a&wGufykH

aps;EIef;(usyf)

qef(ay:qef;arT;)
qef(awmifysH)
qef(ZD,m)
qD(yJqD&S,f)
qD(pm;tkef;qD)
qD(&efukefyJqD)
qm;(tkdiftdk'if;)
MuufoGefeD
MuufoGefjzL
oMum;
refusnf;rSnfh(taphvGwf)
tmvl;
EdkYqD
EdkYpdrf;
MuufO^bJO
ukvm;yJjcrf;
Muufom;(arG;jrLa&;)
Muufom;(Arm)
0ufom;
trJom;

wpfjynf
wpfjynf
wpfjynf
wpfydóm
wpfydóm
wpfydóm
wpfxkyf
wpfydóm
wpfydóm
wpfydóm
wpfydóm
wpfydóm
wpfbl;
wpfbl;
wpfvkH;
wpfydóm
wpfydóm
wpfydóm
wpfydóm
wpfydóm

1ç000-1ç700
1ç000-1ç200
500-900
3ç600
1ç800
4ç300
100
550-700
1ç500-2ç000
1ç100-1ç250
1ç200
700-800
600-750
550-700
80-90
1ç350
5ç500
6ç000
5ç000
5ç000

trsKd;trnf

ig;&HU
ig;cl
ig;usnf;
ig;ajyr
ig;yaemf
ig;&SOhf
ig;jrpfcsif;
ig;Muif;
ig;acgif;yG
ig;oavmuf
ig;wef
ig;z,f
uuwpf
uoabmif;
ig;bwf? ig;aMumif;
ig;ykPÖm;
ykpGefaMumh
ykpGefabmhcsdwf
ykpGef(qwfao;)
ykpGef(qwfBuD;)
ykpGefajymifwkyfBuD;
ig;rsKd;pkH
wDvm;AD;,m;

a&wGufykH

aps;EIef;(usyf)

1 ydóm
1 ydóm
1 ydóm
1 ydóm
1 ydóm
1 ydóm
1 ydóm
1 ydóm
1 ydóm
1 ydóm
1 ydóm
1 ydóm
1 ydóm
1 ydóm
1 ydóm
1 ydóm
1 ydóm
1 ydóm
1 ydóm
1 ydóm
1 ydóm
1 ydóm
1 ydóm

2ç000-4ç500
2ç000-5ç200
2ç000-5ç200
2ç000-4ç500
1ç300-2ç200
2ç500-4ç000
1ç200-1ç600
2ç000-3ç200
1ç200-1ç800
3ç500-26ç000
1ç000-3ç700
2ç000-3ç800
2ç500-6ç500
2ç500-6ç500
2ç500-9ç000
2ç500-4ç500
1ç600-2ç200
2ç500-4ç500
7ç500-10ç000
7ç500-10ç000
9ç000-27ç000
1ç000-3ç000
1ç000-1ç500

ZGefv(1) &ufu MunhfjrifwdkifA[kdpHjyig;aps;BuD;rS aumuf,lxm;aom
vufum;aps;EIef;rsm;jzpfonf/

pm;zdkaqmifokH;oD;ESHaps;EIef;rsm;

ig;? ykpGef aps;EIef;rsm;

tdrfaqmufypönf;aps;EIef;rsm;

22,680

Note Book

RA20F17

rSwfcsuf- txufygaps;EIe;f rsm;rSm ZGev
f (2) &ufwiG f r[mAE¨Kvyef;NcH
vrf;&Sd Capital ESihf OK jrefrmqdik w
f rYkd aS umuf,lxm;jcif;jzpfonf/

160,000

ZGev
f (2) &ufu aumuf,x
l m;aom aps;EIe;f jzpfonf/

aps;EIef;(usyf)

DVD
EVD (coeco)

ASUS P877-VLE (1155)

Technoland qki
d rf S

pm;aomufukefaps;EIef;rsm;

TV

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

aps;EIef;(usyf)
4ç000 0ef;usif
400-650
400-500
1ç200- 1ç500
1ç000
40-80
3ç000
1ç000-1ç200
2ç400
2ç000
1ç000

aps;EIe;f rsm;rSm oD&rd *Fvmaps;rS ZGev
f (1) &ufu aumuf,x
l m;aomvufum;
aps;EIef;rsm;jzpfonf/

yk*¾vdupufokH;qDaps;EIef;rsm;
aeYpGJ

"mwfqD

'DZ,f

Octane

'DZ,f

'DZ,f

Premier

May(27)

3,550

3,950

4,100

4,100

May(28)

3,550

3,950

4,100

4,100

May(29)

3,550

3,950

4,100

4,100

May(30)

3,550

3,950

4,100

4,100

May(31)

3,550

3,950

4,100

4,100

June(1)

3,550

3,950

4,100

4,100

June(2)

3,550

3,950

4,100

4,100

yk*v
¾ u
d pufo;Hk qDqikd rf sm;rS aps;EIe;f rsm;jzpfygonf/ aps;EIe;f rsm; ajymif;vJrI tenf;
i,f&EdS ikd o
f nf/

39

Puzzle&Classified

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

Free Classified
c½ktdrf

tcrJ h a Mumf j imu@
a&mif;rnf

Daw Su Mon Aung

twG u f Physics,

tqifjh rifch ef;qD;vku
d u
f mESihf ul
&Sit
f rsK;d rsK;d csKyv
f yk jf cif;vkyif ef;/
wku
d -f A, G-5, Pearl Condo, urÇm
at; bk&m;vrf;ESifh q&mpHvrf;
axmifh/

Cannon Multifunctional

Grade 2

Printer (Print-Copy-Scan),

Chemistry, Mathematics

2012 Model, European

PH:09-73037776,

Ph: 09 5176002

09-73204374

tjrefa&mif;rnf
ajruGuftjrefa&mif;rnf/ t
uGufBuD;trSwf(148)? '*Hkqdyf
urf;NrdKUe,f/ ajruGuftrSwf
(1204+1205) ES p f u G u f w G J ?
ajruGut
f us,-f ay (80_60)/
zkef;- 09 420036892
oifrnf
Grade (10,11) ZD0aA'bmom
&yf wpfOD;csif;ESihf tdrf0dkif;rsm;
q&mudk,fwdkifpepfwusoif
rnf/ (oif? usuf? ar;? ppf)
zkef;- 09 73030583

bmom&yfrsm;udktxl;oifMum;
jcif;ESifhbmompHk Guide vkyaf y;
onf/
zkef;- 09 5128518
tdrfvdkufoifonf
jrefrmpm? jrefrmpum;ajym Ekdif
iHjcm;om;rsm;? yk*¾vdu? tpkd;&
ausmif;wufjrefrmausmif;om;
rsm;twGut
f rd v
f u
dk o
f ifonf/
zkef;- 09 73049543
um;a&mif;&ef&Sdonf

tdrfa&mif;rnf
trSw(f 129^c)? e0&wfvrf;? 8
&yfuu
G ?f omauw? ay(20_60)?
ESpf(60)*&rf? a&rD; (t0DpdwGif;
yg)? odef;(300) n§dEdIif;/
zkef;- 09 8631807
wdkufcef;a&mif;rnf
ay(12.5_50)? 'kxyf? ZvGef
vrf;? prf;acsmif;? jyifqifNyD;?
toifh aeEkdifonf/
zkef;- 09 5164144
tjrefa&mif;rnf
ay(20_60)? a&? rD;? *&rfajr?
q^&yfuGuf? ajrmufOuúvm?
n§dEIdif;aps;jzifh/
zkef;- 09 5041983
oifMum;onf
8? 9? 10 wef; wpfOD;csif;? 0dkif;
twwfoifonf/
zkef;- 243324
qufoG,fEkdifonf
oli,fwef;rS tXrwef;xd bm
ompHk oifMum;vdak om ausmif;
om;? ausmif;olrsm; tyfESHEkdifyg
onf/ Teacher- Lwin
Ph: 09 5163191

Standard - (1)

vHk; (brand

new) Made in Vietnam

Recycle Bag

vSyoyf&yfNyD; t&nftaoG;
aumif;rGefaom Recycle Bag
rsm;udk wHqdyf½dkuf tNyD;tpD;&&Sd
Ekdifygonf/
Ph: 09 73060258
K&K

rsdK;pHk? vloHk;ukef
ypönf;rsdK;pHk? tdrfoHk;ukefypönf;
rsdK;pHk vufum;a&mif;0,fa&;?
trSw(f C-111,112,113)? 'kw,
d
xyf ? a&T j ynf h p H k a ps;? (r*F v m
aps;ab;)/
zkef;- 09 5402673
K & K, Fancy

Light Truck 2000 Manual

'DZ,f? 8Z^ 7___ ? yGJpm;rvdk/
zkef;-09 423 661126
ajruGufa&mif;rnf
&yfuGufBuD; 15? jyifOD;vGifc½dkif
csif;qufvrf;r ESpfuGufausmf
(2 uGuf) n§dEIdif;aps;/
zkef;- 01 572175
oifMum;ay;onf
twef;pHk? bmompHk avhusifh
oifMum;&ef Guide oifMum;ay;
ygonf/
zkef;- 09 49221616
0efaqmifrI
xkid ;f Edik if o
H Ykd oGm;a&muf use;f rm
a&;aq;ppf^aq;ukorI cH,rl nfh
olrsm;twGuf twlwuGvdkuf
ygay;jcif;? aumif;rGeaf om aq;
½H k a&G;ay;jcif;? pum;jyef 0ef
aqmifrIay;jcif;rsm;/

zkef;- 09 420030782
oifMum;ay;onf
rlvwef;? tv,fwef; Teach
& Study Guide oifay;onf/
Eng, Maths oD;oefYtxl;oif
onf/ zkef;- 09 420003869
Graphic Design

ukeyf pön;f Logo aMumfjim Defh uG pmtkyt
f wGi;f
sign rsm;ESiw
Design rsm;ukdyg taumif;qHk;
0efaqmifrIay;onf/
zkef;- 09 43095248
oifMum;onf
5? 6? 7? 8? 9? 10 wef; bmom
pHkESihf t*Fvdyf? ocFsmoD;oefY t
ajccHrpS í tao;pdwo
f ifMum;
ay;onf/
zkef;- 09 73136078
0,f,lvkdonf
Recycle Bag (yvwfpwpft
pm;xdk;tdwf) rD;zdpuf(topf^
ta[mif;)0,f,lvdkonf/
zkef;- 09 73026571
tdrfa&mif;rnf
a&? rD;? pHk ausmif;eD;? aq;½HkeD;?
(20'_60')? (q)&yfuu
G ?f r-Ouú
vmy/
zkef;- 09 5041983

a&mif;rnf
tvH(k 10)ay ywfvnf? qdik cf ef;
(2)cef; a&mif;&ef&Sdonf/ qHo
qdik ?f um;vkyif ef;vkyu
f ikd &f ef oifh
awmf?a&mif;aps;(2)cef;-usyf
35 odef;/
zkef;- 09 73127720
oifMum;ay;onf
wuúov
kd 0f ifwef;ESifh e0rwef;
(½lyaA')txl;oifMum;onf/
zkef;- 09 49315045
Computer Services
CMS(Computer Maintenance & Services) Mac-OS X
Cion V10.7.2 udk Customized
PC (Any Desktop & Laptop)

zkef;- 09 5188468
DynamicWin Computer Services

uGeyf sLwmjyKjyifjcif;ESihf Network
csdwfjcif;rsm;udk pdwfwkdif;us0ef
aqmifraI y;ygonf/
zke;f -09-73012469? 254503
tdrfvkdufoifonf
rlvwef;? tv,fwef; aEG(3)
vjywf oif½dk;ukefESihf t*Fvdyf?
ocFsmtxl;oifonf/ Guide iSm;
Ekdifonf/
zkef;- 09 5080661
a&mif;rnf
trSwf(119)?tcef;(3B)?3vTm?
ckdifa&T0gvrf;?urm&Gwf?vSnf;
wef; aps;teD;?(12.5_50)ay?
Hall Type?RCcif;? odef;(230)
n§dEIdif;/

EUREKA

rsm;wGif Install jyKvkyfay;onf/
zkef;- 09 5130617
a&mif;rnf
axmufBuUH vrf;qHt
k eD; AGuBf u;D
aus;&Gmtkyfpk&Sd 4.5{u cefY
us,fajruGuf? vQyfppfrD;&NyD;?
ydkif&Sifudk,fwdkifa&mif;rnf/ n§d
EIdif;aps;- usyf odef; 1500/
zkef;- 09 5125637
iSm;rnf
-vIid Af [kv
d rf;r?ajrnD 12aycGJ_
50? oD&Nd rKd irf w
S w
f ikd t
f eD;? a&rD;
pH?k bmwmaps;teD;/

Korean, English Language

Ph: 09 73049543

Graphic Design Course

Center? wdkuftrSwf(30)bD? 5

Study Guide

Adobe Photoshop, Illustra-

vTm (1)&yfuGuf? OD;xGef;vif;NcH
vrf;? urm&GwfNrdKUe,f/
zkef;- 09 43105314

- 9? 10 wef; (bmompHk^wpf
bmomcsif;) Study Guide
- 10 wef;(ocFsmESihf ½lyaA')

Ph: 09 5088298

oifMum;onf
rlBuKd ? rlvwef;? tv,fwef; u
av;rsm;twGuf bmompHk(odkY)
wpfbmomcsi;f pDtxl;oifonf/
zkef;- 09 420050301
HYDRA Computer Services
Customer rsm;\ BuHKawGU&avh

&Sdaom Computer Problem
rsm; udk 0efaqmifrIay;onf/
zkef;- 09 5402529

udk tajccHrSpí
enf;pepfwus oifMum;onf/
zkef;- 09 73095214

tor Software

40

Opinion

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

pm-32? uRef;awmol\ qkawmif; rS
&efukefNrdKUawmfBuD;udk olwdkYt
vSolwdkY*kPfjzifh tESpf&mausmf
xd wGJvsufETJqufapcsifonf/
tJ'Dvkd ckwfypfr,fhudpörsdK;
ay:vm&if uRef;yifrsm;udk r
ckwfvSJbJ vkyfr,hfudpöudkom
zsufoifhw,f[kvnf; tawG;
xJu ajymrdonf/ xkdodkY ckwf
ypfp&m taMumif;awG ray:
aygufygapeJ[
Y v
k nf; qkawmif;

rdonf/
jrefrmjynfrmS uRe;f yifpu
kd f
vQif rjzpfxGef;aomae&m&Sm;
vdrfhrnf/ tvGefa&vTrf;aom
a'orSty jrefrmjynfwpf0ef;
b,fae&mb,fa'orSmjzpfjzpf
pdu
k v
f yYkd sKd ;vk&Yd Ekid o
f nf/ uRe;f wpf
yifpdkufysdK;jcif;? jzpfxGef;jcif;?
touf&Sifoefjcif;? touf&m
ausmf&Snfjcif;wdkYonf jrefrmh

obm00ef;usiftvSudk xdef;
odrf;&ma&mufovdk b@maiG
pkaqmif;&mvnf; a&mufayvdrhf
rnf/
,cktcgobm0tavsmuf
aygufa&mufjzpfxeG ;f cJMh uaom
uRe;f awmBu;D rsm; ukeo
f avmuf
&SdNyD[kvnf; Mum;odae&onf/
awmvHk;jyKwfrQ vSJMu? ckwfMu?
xpfMu? qpfMu? ydkif;Mu? jzwf

Mu? awmufMu? vSD;Mu? a&mif;
Mu? 0,fMu? ydkYMu? wifMu? ul;
Mu? oef;Muolrsm;udkawmh wpf
yifckwfvQif q,fyifjyefpdkufMu
zdkY ajymcsifvSonf/
r,f a iG O wpf a ,muf t
nma'oodkY wpfacgufwpfcg
jyefvQif armfawmfum;vrf;ab;
opfawm{&d,me,ftpyfrsm;
wGif (opfwpfyifckwf tcsKyfoHk;
v) qd k a om pmwef ; yg qd k i f ;
bkwfrsm; axmifxm;onfudk
awGUzl;onf/ tif;..wpfyif
wnf;ckwv
f Qif tcsKyo
f ;kH v/ rsm;
rsm;ckwfvQif jyóemr&Sd/ wpf
awmvH;k ckwv
f Qif ola|;jzpf/ wpf
Ekid if v
H ;kH u opfawmukeaf tmif
ckwfvQifawmh bDvsHemBuD;aygh
[k ajym&awmhrnfxif\/
,ckwpfavm jrifaeMu&
onfh &efukefNrdKUawmfwpf0dkuf
vrf;ab;0J,mwGif pdkufysdK;xm;
aom uRe;f yifysKd Ew
k o
Ydk nf aemif
q,fESpfqdkt&G,fa&mufMuNyD/
tESpfoHk;q,fqdkvQif &ifhusuf

pjyKNyD/ tESpfajcmufq,f cHhcHh
nm;nm;BuD;/ tESpf &Spfq,f
av;pm;zG,ft&G,f/ tESpfwpf
&m xd k t csd e f w G i f u m; &wem
wpfyg;jzpfMuawmhrnf/ a&Tjzpf
aiGjzpf pdefjzpf/ 0dZÆmrzdkY cufcJ
rnf/ uRef;u&aom 0ifaiGum;
aocsmvSonf/ aemiftESpw
f pf
&mwGif uRef;wpfyif\ wefzkd;
um; rnfrQ&rdS nfenf;/ xdt
k csed f
wG i f uRef ; wpf w ef \ wef z k d ;
onf a':vmwpfaomif;-wpf
od e f ; -wpf o ef ; xd xd k u f w ef
aumif;xdkufwefoGm;Edkifonf/
rnfolcefYrSef;EkdiftHhenf;/
(av;)
aemiftESpfwpf&mausmf
wGif þurÇmay:rSm ,ck&Sdae
aom vlom;tm;vHk;&SdMuawmh
rnfrxif/ odkYaomf ,ck&Sdae
aom vlom;rsm;\ om;ajr;jrpf
wDwGwfuRwfqwfwdkYum; jrpf
BuD;wpfjrpfp;D qif;ouJo
h Ykd quf
vuf&iS o
f efaeMuOD;rnf/ aemif
vmaemifom; ajr;jrpfwDwGwf

uRwq
f wfwv
Ykd ufxufwiG f uRe;f
u&&Sad om cHpm;cGipfh pH m;cGiafh wG
aumif;aumif;&apcsifrdonf/
þum; r,faiGO\ apw
emwnf;/
uRe;f awmolr,faiGOum;
,cktoufig;q,f0ef;usif/ rd
rdudk,fwdkif toufxif&Sm;r&Sd
awmhrnfh tcsdefumvwGif &&Sd
Ekdifrnfh xdkuRef;yifwdkY\ wef
zdk;udk wGufq&onfrSm aysmf&Tif
p&m aumif;ovdk vGrf;armp
&mvnf;aumif;\/ uRef;awm
olr,faiGO toufxif&Sm;&Sd
Ekid af o;csed f aemiftESpif g;q,f
txd xdkuRef;yifrsm; wnfwHh
cdkifNrJygap/ xdkYxufydkvQif uRef;
awmolr,faiGO\ aemifb0
xd jrefrmjynfu uRef;awmrsm;
xJrSm ajy;vTm;aqmhupm;um
BuD ; jyif ; &aom uRef ; awmol
b0udk jyefvnf&&SEd idk cf sio
f nf/
jrefrmjynfu uRef;yifrSef
orQ oufawmf&mausmf&Snfap
aomf... /
/

pm(40) ZD0rsKd;pkHrsKd;uJGqkdif&m r[mAsL[mESifh vkyfief;pDrHcsufrlMurf; oufqkdif&mxHwifjy rS
xkaYd Mumifh use&f adS omtESpf
20 pDrHudef;wGif Xmetaejzifh
t aumiftxnfazmfa&;qJGNyD;
jrefrmEkdifiHwGif ZD0rsKd;pkHrsKd;uJG
xde;f odr;f jcif;rsm;udk vkyaf qmif
oGm;rnf[k ajymMum;onf/
EkdifiHtwGif; ZD0rsKd;pkHrsKd;uJG
rsm; a&&SnfwnfwHha&;twGuf
a&;qJx
G m;aom vkyif ef;pDrcH suf
wpfckjzpfaMumif;? vkyfief;pDrH
csuf w G i f vk y f a qmif & rnf h
vkyfief; pDrHcsufajcmufck yg0if
aMumif; txufygyk*¾dKvfXmerS
wm0ef&o
dS w
l pfO;D u ajymonf/

jrefrmEdkifiHwGif EkdYwkduf
owå0g 259 rsKd;? iSufrsKd;pdwf
1096 rsK;d ? uke;f ae a&aeESihf wGm;
oGm; owå0g 408? a&csKda&ief

ig;rsK;d pdwf 775 rsK;d ? BudrEf iS hf aq;
zuf0if tyifrsm; tygt0ift
yifrsK;d pdwaf ygif; 11800 &So
d nf/
a'o&if;rsK;d pdwrf sm;wGif Ekw
Yd u
dk f
owå0g 4 rsKd;? wGm;oGm;owå0g
7 rsKd;? iSufrsKd;pdwf 4 rsKd;ESifh t
yifrsKd;pdwf 8 rsKd;&Sdonf/
1879 ckESpfwGif qifxdef;
odrf;a&;Oya'udk jy|mef;cJhí
1883 wGif jyifqifcJhygonf/
1902 ckESpf jy|mef;aom jrefrmh
opfawmOya'wGif awm½dkif;
wd&pämefrsm;tm; xdef;odrf;um
uG,f&ef xnfhoGif;cJhonf/
tqdkyg Oya'ü awm½dkif;
wd&pämefrsm;udk opfawmxGuf
ypönf;tjzpf owfrSwfí opf
awmBudK;0kid ;f rsm;twGi;f ig;zrf;

jcif;ESihf trJvu
dk jf cif;wdu
Yk kd xde;f
csKyfonfh pnf;rsOf;pnf;urf;
rsm;udk jy|mef;xm;ygonf/ trJ
vkduf&ef cGifhjyKxm;aom awm
rsm;udk 1911 ckESpfwGif pwif
wnfaxmifcJhygonf/ yxrOD;
qkH; obm0xdef;odrf;a&;e,f
ajrtm; 1920 jynfEh pS w
f iG f wnf
axmif c J h y gonf / 1981 ES i f h
1984 ckESpftwGif; jrefrmEkdifiH
tpd;k &ESihf ukvor*¾zUGH NzKd ;rI tpD
tpOf ( UNDP )wk d Y y l ; aygif ; í
obm0xdef;odrf;a&;ESifh trsKd;
om;O,smOfpDrHudef; (Nature
Conservation and National
Park Project-NCNPP)udk t

aumiftxnfazmf aqmif&Guf
cJhonf/

Vol.9,
Vol.11,
No.29
No.13
 October
 June 7 ,72012
, 2010

erfhzwfuma'owGif owåKwl;azmfrnfh pDrHudef;a'ocHrsm;0dkif;0ef;uefYuGuf
tm;rmef
&efukef?ZGef-2
uGwfckdifNrdKUe,f&Sd erfhzwfum
a'o ywf0ef;usiw
f iG f owåKw;l
azmfa&;ukrÜPDwpfcku cJ? oGyf
wl;azmf&ef jyifqifvsu&f &dS ma'
ocHjynforl sm;u pDru
H ed ;f aMumihf
xdak 'o\ obm0ywf0ef;usif
xdckdufrnfudk pdk;&drfNyD; 0dkif;0ef;
uefYuGufaeMuonf/
&Sr;f jynfe,f? uGwcf idk Nf rKd Ue,f
erfzh wfumaus;&Gm rvSr;f rurf;
&Sd awmifukef;rsm;wGif jrefrmh
jrm;OD;owåKwl;azmfa&; ukrÜPD
u pD;yGm;jzpf owåKwl;azmf&ef
vrf ; rsm; azmuf v k y f j cif ; ? t
aqmufttHkaqmufvkyfjcif;?
cJ? oGyo
f wåKprf;oyfw;l azmfjcif;
rsm; pwifvyk u
f ikd v
f su&f o
dS nf/
odkYaomf a'ocHjynfolrsm;u
xdpk rD u
H ed ;f aMumihf erfzh wfuma'
o\ t"d u acsmif ; wpf c k j zpf
aom erfharmacsmif;rSm ajrpm
rsm;aMumihf a&xGuyf w
d Nf y;D aum
oGm;jcif;? owåKwGif;wl;azmfa&;
rS toHk;jyKrnfh pGefYypfypönf;rsm;
aMumihf acsmif;a&vrf;aMumif;
ajymif;í rdk;&moDumva&BuD;

Environment

jcif;ESifh acsmif;wpfavQmuf pdu
k f
ysdK;ajr{u 800 acsmif;a&npf
EGrf;í vkyfudkifr&jzpfrnfudk yl
yefaeMuonf/
xdka'orSm pdkufysdK;a&;udk
t"duvkyu
f ikd Nf y;D erfah rmacsmif;
a&xGurf mS pDru
H ed ;f aqmif&Guf
rnfhawmifuek ;f rsm; tv,fwiG &f dS
aeonfudk awGU&onf/
xkaYd Mumihf jrefrmhjrm;OD;ukrÜ
PDudk xdkpDrHudef;&yfqdkif;&ef ,
ckESpfqef;ydkif;rSmyif 3? 4 Budrf
cefY awmif;qdkcJhMuonf/ erfh
zwfum a'o0ef;usifESihf erfh
armacsmif ; xd e f ; od r f ; apmih f
a&Smufa&;toif;udkyif a'ocH
rsm;u zGUJ pnf;í xdpk rD u
H ed ;f quf
vufaqmif&Gufjcif;rjyK&ef t
a&;qdkvsuf&Sdonf/
jrefrmhjrm;OD; owåKwl;azmf
a&;ukrP
Ü u
D vnf; xdak 'owGif
cJ? oGyfowåK wl;azmf&ef owåK
wGif;0efBuD;Xme\ cGifhjyKcsuf
jzifh 2005 ckESpfwGif pwifprf;
oyfvkyfudkifcJhNyD; 2008 ckESpfrS
pí vkyfuGufoHk;uGufudk tpdk;
&ESifh zufpyfvyk u
f ikd af ejcif;jzpf
aMumif; pDrHudef;wm0efcHrefae

erfharmhacsmif;wGif jrefrmhjrm;OD; owåLwl;azmfa&;ukrÜPDu
cJESifhoGyfowåLwl;azmf&ef vrf;azmufajrnd§xm;&mrS xGufvmaomajrpmrsm;/

*smuajymonf/ vkyfuGuft
rSwf (1)udk wl;azmfaqmif&Guf
&mwGif cJ? oGyo
f wåK rsm; arQmrf eS ;f
oavmuft&nftaoG;raumif;
[kvnf; ¤if;uajymonf/ vuf
&SdvkyfuGuftrSwf (2)udk quf
vuf wl ; azmf a eNyD ; ? erf h a rm
acsmif;rSm vkyfuGuftrSwf (3)
wGif yg0ifum uefYuGufrIrsm;
aMumifh vkyfief;&yfqdkifxm;
onf/
a'ocHrsm; ylyefouJhodkY

"mwfykH-tm;rmef

pDrHudef;twGif;rS ausmufwkH;wpfwkH;

owåKw;l azmfa&;pDru
H ed ;f aMumihf
umvwdktwGif; obm0ywf

ZD0rsKd;pkHrsKd;uJGqkdif&m r[mAsL[mESifh
vkyfief;pDrHcsufrlMurf; oufqkdif&mxH wifjy
tdjzLrGef
&efukef? ar-25
ZD0rsKd;pkHrsKd;uJGqkdif&m r[mAsL[mESifh vkyfief;pDrHcsuf 10 pDrHudef;rl
Murf;tm; cGifhjyKcsuf&&Sd&ef tpdk;&odkY rlMurf;wifxm;NyD;jzpfaMumif;
obm00ef;usiEf iS hf om;iSuw
f &d pämefxed ;f odr;f a&;XmerS owif;&&Sd
onf/
tESpf 30 trsKd;om;opfawmyifrpDrHudef;\ 10 ESpfwmumv
ok;H oyfcsuw
f iG f ,if;rlMurf;udk 2010-2011 (yxr 10 ESpf pDru
H ed ;f \
aemufq;Hk ESp)f wGif tNy;D owfa&;qJ&G rnfjzpfaomfvnf; rNy;D pD;cJah y/
pm(40) odkY

0ef;usifudk rxdckdufEkdifaMumif;
¤if;u qufvufajymonf/ xdkY
tjyif owåKwl;azmfaomtcg
atmufodkY a&wGif;wl;ouJhodkY
wl;rnfr[kwfbJ awmifukef;eH
&Hrsm; vdkPfacgif;azmufí wl;
rnfjzpfí ajrZmrsm;pGm xGuf
rnfr[kwf[k ¤if;uqdkonf/
a'ocH r sm;twG u f v rf ;
azmufay;jcif;? pDrHudef;wGif a'
ocHrsm;ukd tvkyftudkifrsm;
ay;jcifpojzifh a'ozGHUNzdK;a&;
vkyfudkifay;&ef pDpOfxm;onf
[k ¤if;u ajymonf/ odkYaomf
a'ocHrsm;u xdkokdYaqmif&Guf
ay;&efrvkdbJ a'o\ t"du
toufaoG;aMumjzpfaom erfh

armacsmif ; rnpf E G r f ; ? rwd r f
aum&efESifh a'oywf0ef;usif
rxdckduf&efomvdkaMumif; ajym
Mum;onf/
pDrHudef;wGif a'ocHrsm;
tm;tvkycf efrY nf qdak omfvnf;
,if;rwdkifrDumvwGif w½kwf
EkdifiHrS uRrf;usifolrsm;ESihf ¤if;
wdkYvlrsm;udkom ukrÜPDu t
vkyfcefYtyfcJhaMumif;vnf; a'
ocHtcsKd Uu ajymonf/
erfzh wfumta&SUydik ;f &Sd yef
udkifawmifa&Twl;azmfa&;vkyf
ief;aMumihf rkef;avmif;acsmif;
ESihf erfhckdifacsmif;wdkY npfEGrf;NyD;
xkad csmif;wpfavQmuf v,f,m
ajrrsm; vkyfukdifr&ovdk ¤if;
wdkY a'ojzpfrnfudkvnf; ¤if;
wd k Y ylyefaeMuonf/ erfharm
acsmif;rSm acsmif;twGi;f pD;0ifNy;D
xdkrSwpfqifh er®wlacsmif;? xdkrS
wpfqihf 'k|0wDjrpftwGi;f odYk pD;
0ifonf/
]]uRefawmfwdkY\ om;pOf
ajr;quf &moDOwk tifrwef
rSrQwNyD; at;csrf;om,maom
a'oywf 0 ef ; usif u d k tarG
qufcHEdkifa&;? erfhzwfuma'o
ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf;a&;? erfh
armacsmif; xm0&oefY&Sif;&Sif
oefaea&;ESihf a'ocHjynfol
rsm;\ touf t d k ; td r f r sm; r
ysufpD;a&;twGuf oufqkdif&m
vlBuD;rif;rsm;rS erfharmacsmif;
a&xGufOD;ae&mü jrefrmhjrm;OD;
ukrÜPDrS owåKwl;azmfjcif; vkyf
ief;jyifqifaeonfudk tjref
qH;k wm;qD;ydwyf ifay;yg&ef av;
pm;pGmwifjytyfygonf}}[k a'
ocHrsm;u &Sr;f jynfe,fwikd ;f &if;
om;a&;&m0efBuD;xH pDru
H ed ;f udk
wm;qD;ay;&ef wifjyaom pm
rsufESm 9 rsufESmyg wkdifMum;pm
wGif azmfjyxm;onf/

Vol.9,
Vol.11,
No.29
No.13
 October
 June 7 ,72012
, 2010

rD;&xm;wGJqkdif;rsm; tqifhjr§ifhwif ajy;qGJaeNyD[kqdk
odrfhodrfhpdk;
&efukef? ar-31
2011 ESpfukefydkif;u ESpfqeD;
yg;aps;EIef;wdk;jr§ifhcJhaom jrefrmh
rD;&xm;vkyfief;u ,ck arv
aemuf q H k ; ywf r S pwif í wG J
qdkif;rsm;udk tqifhjr§ifhwif ajy;
qGaJ y;aeNyjD zpfaMumif; ,if;vkyf
ief;\ tBuD;wef;wm0ef&Sdol
wpfOD;xHrS owif;&&Sdonf/
jrefrmhrD;&xm;vkyfief;u
,cifwGJqkdif;ta[mif;rsm;udk
xdkifcHkopfrsm; vJvS,fay;jcif;?
wG J q k d i f ; rsm;ud k aq;opf jyef
rIwfjcif;? c&D;pOf wpfavQmuf
vH;k twGuf vHak vmufaomvQyf
ppfrD;ESihf a&xnhfoGif;ay;xm;
onfhtjyif oefYpifcef;rsm;ukd
yg c&D;oGm;rsm;\ use;f rma&;ESifh
nDñGwfatmif topfjyefvnf
jyKjyifay;xm;jcif;jzihf 0efaqmif
rI u d k tqif h j r§ i f h w if a y;xm;
aMumif;jrefrmhrD;&xm;vkyfief;
u pD;yGm;a&;refae*sm OD;odef;

rD;&xm;crsm;EIef;jr§ifhvdkufaomfvnf; 0efaqmifrIrjr§ihfwifojzifh c&D;onfrsm;\ a0zefrIrsm;&SdcJhonf

Ekdifu ajymMum;onf/

,ck tqifhjr§ifhwifay;
xm;aom wGq
J ikd ;f opfEpS cf u
k dk &ef

ukef- rEÅav; vrf;ydkif;wGif ar
25 &ufu pwifajy;qGJay;ae
NyD jzpfonf/&efuek b
f ufrStrSwf

(5) tqef & xm;ES i h f rEÅ a v;
bufrS trSwf(6) tpkef&xm;
rsm;wGif ,ckuJhodkY tqihfjr§ifh

"mwfykH-a*sarmifarmif(tr&yl&)

wifxm;jcif;jzpfonf/
¤if;wGq
J ikd ;f rsm;wGif txuf
wef; oHk;wGJ? ½dk;½dk;wef; udk;wGJ?

tdyfpif ESpfwGJ? yxrwef; wpf
wGJ xnfhoGif;xm;aMumif; od&
onf/ txufwef;rsm;wGif bkd
xdkiftdrfomrsm;yg xnfhoGif;
xm;aMumif; ¤if;uajymonf/
]]vufrSwfcawG aps;wuf
vdYktqifjh ri§ w
hf ifwm r[kwb
f ;l /
c&D;oGm;vmrI tqifajyatmif
0efaqmifrw
I ;kd ay;wJh oabmyJ/
aps;EIe;f awG wk;d wmu 0ifaiG t
wkdif;twmwpfck&SdrS tqihf jr§ifh
wifrIawG vkyfEkdifatmif aps;
wufcw
hJ m}}[k¤if;uajymonf/
&xm;vufrw
S cf rsm;udk Ny;D
cJhonfhESpf Ekd0ifbm 15 &ufu
wufcjhJ cif;jzpfNy;D vuf&dS &efuek -f
rEÅav; vrf;ydkif;\ vufrSwfc
aps;EIef;rsm;rSm ½dk;½dk;wef; 4650
usyf? txufwef; 9300 usyf?
tdrfpif 12750 usyfESihf yxr
wef;rSm 5800 usyf&Sdonf/ ,
ckwGJqdkif;rsm;udk jynfwGif;&Sd jrpf
i,fwGJjyif puf½Hküyif jyefvnf
jyKjyifxm;jcif;jzpfonf/

wkdufyGJrsm;aMumihf zm;uefY-rdk;aumif;vkdif;um;c wpfapmifvQif usyfig;aomif;txd aps;wuf
atmifol&
&efukef? ar-31
rdkif 60 om uGma0;aom zm;uefYrS rdk;aumif;odkY vkdif;um;c rSm arv
30 &ufrSpum c&D;onfwpfO;D vQif usyif g;aomif;xd aps;wufoGm;
aMumif; owif;&&Sdonf/
arv 29 &ufwGif zm;uefYNrdKUESifh pdkif;awmifNrdKUwdkYü wkdufyJGjzpf
yGm;NyD;aemuf ,cifu 8ç000 usyfomay;&aom um;vufrSwfcrSm
usyfig;aomif;txd jzpfoGm;jcif;[k owif;&&Sdonf/
]]b,folrS roGm;&JMuawmhbl;/ vrf;wpfavQmuf qufaMu;
awmif;wJh vlawGu trsm;BuD;yJ? t&ifwek ;f u bifum;eJo
Y mG ;&if ESpf
aomif;cJGyJ&Sdw,f/ tck wpfodef;jzpfoGm;NyD}} [k zm;uefYa'ocH um;

orm;wpfOD;u ajymonf/
ykrH eS t
f ajctaewGif zm;uefrY S rd;k aumif;odYk aeYpOfum;tpD;a&
100 cefY oGm;vmaeMuaomfvnf; ,ck&ufydkif;wGif tpD;20cefYom
oGm;vmawmhaMumif; a'ocHrsm;xHrS owif;&&Sdonf/
arv 29 &uf n 8 em&D 15 rdepfwGif oef;<u,farSmfESifh zm;
jyifarSmfMum;ü jrefrmwyfrawmfESifh autkdifatwdkY wkdufyJGjzpfyGm;cJh
NyD; qkdifu,form;wpfOD; tygt0if ESpfOD;usqkH;cJhaMumif; xdkae&m
ESifhteD;wGif tvkyv
f yk af eaom ukrP
Ü 0D efxrf;wpfOD;u ajymMum;
onf/
xdkYtjyif xdkYaeYn 9 em&DcefYwGif pkdif;awmifNrdKUü autkdifat
wyfom;tcsKUd u jrefrmwyfrawmftm; ypfcwfomG ;cJah Mumif; owif;

&&Sdonf/
]]28 &ufuae wzJGzJGjyefaewm tck0efxrf; 100 ausmf jyefvdkY
r&bJyw
d rf ad ew,f}} [k zm;uefaY 'owGifausmufw;l azmfa&;vkyif ef;
vkyfudkifaeaom ukrÜPDwm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajymonf/
arv 28 &ufrpS í zm;uefaY 'owGif ausmufEiS hf a&T wl;azmfae
aom vkyfief;&Sifrsm;tm; ajcmufv&yfqkdif;xm;&ef oufqkdif&mu
ñTefMum;csuf xkwfjyefcJhonf/
jrefrmwyfrawmfESifh ucsifvGwfvyfa&;wyfrawmf (autkdif
at)wdMYk um;wku
d yf jGJ zpfymG ;aeonfrmS wpfEpS jf ynf&h ef &uftenf;i,f
om vdak wmhNy;D wku
d yf aGJ ygif; 1400 Burd af usmf jzpfymG ;cJah Mumif; owif;
&&Sdonf/

43

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

Cartoon

44

Asia

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

qD;&D;,m;wGif tMurf;zufESdrfeif;rIrsm;udk tif'dkeD;&Sm;tpdk;& ½Iwfcs

tm&SwGif a&eHaps;EIef;rsm; a':vm 90 atmuf a&muf

*sumwm? ar - 30
tif'dkeD;&Sm; tpkd;&onf qD;&D;
,m;EkdifiHwGif jzpfay:cJhaom
tMurf;zufrIrsm;udk ½IwfcscJhNyD;
qD;&D;,m;tpdk;&tm; EkdifiHwGif;
ü t&yfom;rsm;tm; &ufpufpmG
zdESdyfaerIudk &yfwefY&ef awmif;
qdv
k u
dk af Mumif; tif'ekd ;D &Sm; Ekid if H
jcm;a&;0efBu;D u ajymMum;vku
d f
onf/ qD;&D;,m;ta&;ESifhywf
oufí tif'Ekd ikd if jH cm;a&;0efBu;D
rmwDewfw,f vD*g0gu ]]qD;
&D;,m;rSm rMumao;rDu jzpfcJh
wJh tMurf;zufrIudk uRefawmf

pifumyl? ar - 30
,dik ef aYJ eaom Oa&mypD;yGm;a&;
uurÇmha&eH vdktyfcsufrsm;udk
avsmh u soG m ;apvd r f h r nf [ l
aom arQmfvifhcsufrsm;aMumifh
tm&SwGifarv 30 &ufu a&eH
aps;EIef;rsm; wpfpnfvQif a':
vm 90 atmufoYkdusqif;oGm;cJh
onf/
Zlvikd v
f wGiaf y;yd&Yk rnfh t
ajccHa&eHpdrf;aps;EIef;rSm e,l;
a,muf p awmh a ps;uG u f w G i f
wpfpnfvQif 84 qifhusqif;cJh
NyD ; 89 'or 92 a':vmok d Y

awmfwdkY&JU xdyfwef; ppfbufeJY
&Jbuft&m&Sd 16 OD;[mvnf;
avh v mol a wG t jzpf wm0ef
xrf;aqmifaeygw,f}} [k ajym
onf/
tif'ekd ;D &Sm;Ekid if o
H nf ukv
or*¾\ Nird ;f csr;f a&;xde;f odr;f rI
vkyif ef;rsm;wGif rMumcPyg0if
avh&SdNyD; ukvor*¾\ yl;aygif;
aqmif&GufrIjzifh ta&SUtv,f
ydik ;f Nird ;f csr;f a&; vkyif ef;rsm;wGif
vnf;yg0ifvsuf&Sdonf/
—Ref: Xinhua

a&muf&SdoGm;onf/ Zlvkdifvü
ay;yd k Y & rnf h Brent a&eH p d r f ;
rSmvnf; 105 'or 92 a':
vmodkYa&muf&SdvmNyD; rlvaps;
EI e f ; xuf 76 qif h u sqif ; cJ h
onf/
EdkifiHa&;rNidrfroufrIrsm;
aMumifh *&dEidk if o
H nf Oa&myaiG
aMu;or*¾rS xGufcGmoGm;Ekdif
onf[al om pd;k &drrf rI sm;aMumifh
urÇmha&eHaps;EIef;rsm;rSm 15
&mcdkif EIef;usqif;oGm;cJhonf/
,cif & uf o wå y wf t wG i f ; p
awmh&S,f,ma&mif;0,folrsm;

u pydepf ;D yGm;a&;udk apmifMh unhf
aecJMh uonf/ pydeEf ikd if u
H vnf;
,refESpf{NyDvuESifh EdIif;,SOf
vQif vufvDaps;uGuf a&mif;cs
&rI r sm; 8 'or 9 &mck d i f E I e f ;
usqif;cJhaMumif; ajymMum;
onf/
Oa&mywdkuf\ tajcrvS
aompD;yGm;a&;tajctaeu
,l½dkaiGwefzkd;udkvnf; usqif;
apcJhNyD; wefzdk;usvmaom ,l
½kdaiGaMumifh a&eHaps;EIef;rsm;
vnf;usqif;vmonf/
—Ref: AP

Photo - AFP

wk d Y ½I w f c sygw,f / uRef a wmf
wdkY[m tJ'DrSmjzpfay:aewJht
ajctaeud k v nf ; eD ; uyf p G m
apmifhMunhfaeygw,f}} [k ajym
onf/
0efBuD;u tif'dkeD;&Sm;EdkifiH
onf ukvNidrf;csrf;a&; xdef;
odrf;rI tzJGU0ifEkdifiHtjzpf yg0if
umqD;&D;,m;ü tMurf;zufrI
rsm;tqH k ; owf a tmif yg0if
oG m ;rnf [ k qd k o nf / ¤if ; u
]]uRefawmfwdkY[m qD;&D;,m;rSm
ukvor*¾avhvmapmifhMunhf
a&;tzJGU0ifjzpfygw,f/ uRef

vmbfpm;rI pGyfpJGcsufrsm;udk
tdEd´,0efBuD;csKyf y,fcs
e,l;a'vD? ar - 30
tpd;k &tzJUG wGi;f vmbfpm;rIrsm;
jzpfay:aejcif;tay: rjrifcsif
rodcsiaf ,mifaqmifaecJo
h nf
qdkaom pGyfpJGcsufrsm;udk tdEd´,
0ef B uD ; csKyf ref r d k [ ef q if ; u
½IwfcsajymqdkvkdufNyD; rdrdESifh
ywfoufí r[kwfr[wfvkyf
&yfrsm;udk oufaojyEkdifygu
&mxl;rS EkwfxGufoGm;rnf[k
ajymqdkonf/
rpöwmtefem[mZma&;
OD;aqmifaom vmbfpm;rIwu
dk f
zsufa&; vIyf&Sm;rI\ pGyfpJGcsuf
rsm;udk rpöwmqif;u a'gow
BuD; wkHYjyefcJhonf/
,if;pGyfpJGcsufrsm;wGif t
rSew
f &m;wpfpeG ;f wpfpyif yg0if
ygu ¤if;taejzifh jynfolY0ef
xrf;b0udk pGefYvTwfNyD; wdkif;
jynfu ay;aomjypf'Pfukd cH,l
oGm;rnf[k rpöwmqif;u jref

rmEdkifiHrStjyef av,mOfay:
wG i f o wif ; axmuf r sm;tm;
ajymMum;onf/
pD;yGm;a&;ynm&SifwpfOD;
jzpfol rpöwmrefr[
dk efqif;onf
2004 ckESpfwGif tmPm&&SdcJh
onf / rMumao;rD E S p f r sm;t
wGif; ¤if;\tpdk;&tzJGUrSmjcpm;
rI pGyfpJGcsufrsm;jzifh qufwdkuf
&ifqkdifcJh&onf/
]]0efBuD;csKyfudk,fwdkifu
vmbfay;? vmbf,v
l yk af ew,f
vku
Yd Reaf wmfwYdk r,HMk unfygbl;/
'gayrJh vmbfpm;aewJhtpkd;&
wpf&yfudk xm;&Sdxm;ygw,fqdk
wmuawmh &S i f ; aeygw,f /
tpdk;&0efBuD;awGu vlxkaiG
aMu;awG ck;d ,laewmawGukd cGihf
jyKxm;w,f}} [ktefem[mZm
a&;tzJGUrS xif&Sm;aomtzJGU0if
wpf O D ; u CNN-IBN owif ;
vkdif;odkY ajymMum;onf/
—Ref: AFP

45

International

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

aemufausmzHk; - udkzDtmeef\ Nidrf;csrf;a&;tpDtpOfrSm
wpfckwnf;aom a&G;cs,fp&m[k ½k&Sm;ajymMum; rS

qm;bD;,m;or®w

wdkrDpvufAfeDudkvpf
&Jrif;

wkdrDpvufAfeDudkvpfonf qm;
bD;,m;Ekid if \
H or®wjzpfonf/
qm;bD;,m;wdk;wufa&;ygwD
(SNS) \acgif ; aqmif j zpf N yD ;
2012 ckESpfarv 20 &ufwGif
ig;ES p f o uf w rf ; twG u f a&G ;
cs,fcH&onf/
eD u d k v pf t m; u&m*sL*sD
zufa'oü 1952 ckESpf azazmf
0g&Dv 15 &ufwGif arG;zGm;cJh
onf/ zcifrSm um,vkyfom;
wpfOD;jzpfNyD; rdcifrSm tdrf&Sifr
wpfOD;jzpfonf/ i,fpOfu ajy;
ckefypf avhusifhcJhNyD; u&m*sL*sD
Auf e nf ; ynm txuf w ef ;
ausmif ; rS atmif j rif c J h o nf /
¤if ; \yxrOD ; qH k ; tvk y f r S m
ocsKiØ ;f ajrBu;D Muyfol tvkyjf zpf
onf/
eDudkvpfonf 1990 jynfh
ESpw
f iG f ,cifygwDa[mif;ESpcf u
k kd
aygif;í zJGUpnf;vkdufaom jynf
olaY &'Du,fygwD od0Yk ifa&mufchJ

NyD;aemufwpfESpftMum ygwD
'kOuú|tjzpf a&G;cs,f cH&onf/
a&'Du,fygwDu 1998 ckESpf
wGif qdk&S,fvpfygwDESifh aygif;
pnf;cJhNyD;aemuf eDudkvpfonf
vnf; ,l*dkqvm;AD; ,m;z,f
'&,for®wEkdifiH\ 'kwd,0ef
BuD ; csKyf jzpf v mcJ h o nf / eD u d k
vpfonf2003 rS 2007 ckEpS t
f
xd a&'D u ,f y gwD \ 'k w d ,
acgif;aqmifESifh qm;bD;,m;
trsKd;om;vTwfawmf\ Ouú|
tjzpfvnf; wm0ef,lcJhonf/
odkdYaomf 2008 ckESpfwGif
ygwDacgif;aqmifqDquf*sfESifh
oabmxm;uJ G v J G N yD ; ygwD r S
EkwfxGufcJhum qmbD;,m;wdk;
wuf a &;ygwD u d k xl a xmif c J h
onf/ qm;bD;,m;EkdifiH Oa&my
or*¾odkY0ifa&mufa&;udk eDudk
vpfu vkdvm;aomfvnf; ygwD
acgif;aqmifqDquf*sfu rvdk
vm;í oabmxm;uJGvJGcJhjcif;

jzpfonf/
eDuv
kd pfonf qm;bD;,m;
or® w &mxl ; twG u f tBud r f
aygif;rsm;pGm,SOfNydKifcJhNyD; 2000
jynfEh pS af &G;aumufyw
GJ iG f wwd,
ae&m&&SdcJhonf/ 2003 ckESpf
a&G;aumufyJGwGif rJtrsm;qHk;
&&SdcJhaomfvnf; rJay;olta&
twGuef nf;yg;cJí
h a&G;aumuf
yJG&v'frsm;udk twnfrjyKEkdif
cJah y/ 2004 ckEpS w
f iG f xyfru
H si;f y
onf h or® w a&G ; aumuf y J G
yxrtausmhwGif tajctae
aumif;cJhaomfvnf; 'kwd,t
ausmhwGif abm&pfwm'Dtm;
½IH;edrfhcJhonf/ 2008 ckESpfa&G;
aumufyJGwGifvnf; tvm;wl
&v'frsm;jzifh xdkpOfuvuf&Sd
or®w abm&pfwm'Dudk ½IH;edrfh
cJhonf/
eDudkvpfonf ygwDacgif;
aqmiftjzpfESifhyif ppfaoG;<u
trsKd;om;a&;0g'xuf pD;yGm;

a&;ESifhvlrIa&; udpörsm;udk ydkrdk
pdwf0ifpm;NyD; qif;&JrJGawrIESifh
tvkyfvufrJhavQmhcsa&;vkyf
ief; rsm;udyk rkd pdk w
d 0f ifpm;cJo
h nf/
odkYaomf eDudkvpfonf tpGef;
a&muft jyKtrl r sm;ud k v nf ;
vkyfaqmifwwfNyD; 2011 ckESpf
{NyDv 16 &ufwGif ygvDrefa&G;
aumuf y J G r sm; aqmvsif p G m
usif;ya&; awmif;qdk&if; trsKd;
om;ygvDrefa&SUü tpmiwfcH?
a&iwfcHqE´jycJhonf/
xkdpOfu EkdifiH or®wjzpf
ol abm&pfwm'pfu ¤if;tm;
awGUqHktBuHay;cJhaomfvnf;
qE´jyuefYuGufrIudk r&yfwefYcJh
ay/ 2012 ckESpf qm;bD;,m;
or®wa&G;aumufyJGü vuf&Sd
or®wabm&pfwm'pfESifh ESpf
ausmhESpfjyef ,SOfNydKifcJhNyD; arv
2 &ufwGif qm;bD;,m;or®w
tjzpf a&G;aumufwifajr§muf
cH&onf/ —Ref: Wikipedia

vuf&t
dS ajctaewGif qD;
&D;,m;ta&;ü yg0ifywfouf
aeoltm;vH;k BudK;yrf;&rnft
h "d
uwm0efrSm rpöwmudkzDtmeef
\ wif j ytqk d j yKcsuf r sm;ud k
taumif t xnf a zmf a &;jzpf
onf[k ½k&Sm;EkdifiHjcm;a&;0ef
BuD; qm*sDvufAfa&mhtm; udk;
um;í EkdifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD;Xme
uxkwfjyefonf/
xkdYtjyif qD;&D;,m;tpkd;&
taejzihf olykefrsm;ESihf EkdifiHa&;
t& ajymqkad qG;aEG;rIrsm;pwif
&ef ½k & S m ;Ek d i f i H u qD ; &D ; ,m;
tpkd;&tm; pnf;½Hk;odrf;oGif;&ef
vk y f a qmif a eonf [ k qm*sD

vufAaf &mhu rpöwmudzk t
D meef
tm; tmrcHajymMum;onf/
Nidrf;csrf;a&;tpDtpOft
wGuf tcsdefumvwpf&yfowf
rSwf&ef tm&yftzGJUcsKyfu udkzD
tmeef t m; wd k u f w G e f ; ajym
Mum;aepOfrSmyif udkzDtmeef
tay: ½k&Sm;EkdifiH\axmufcHrI
xGufay:vmjcif;jzpfonf/ xkd
tawmtwGi;f rSmyif qD;&D;,m;
EkdifiH [l;vm;a'oü tpkvkduf
tNyHKvdkufowfjzwfrIESihfywf
ouf í uk v vl Y t cG i f h t a&;
aumif p D \ aMunmcsuf u d k
vnf; ½k&Sm;tpdk;& ½Iwfcsajym
qkdvkdufaMumif;od&onf/
—Ref: The Hindu

aemufausmzHk; - Edkif*sD;&D;,m; av,mOfysufusrI
vdkufygvmol 153 OD;vHk;aoqHk; rS

Photo - AFP

aemufausmzHk; - NAdwdefbk&ifrBuD; t,fvdZbuf eef;wufpdef&wkobif qifETJ rS

av,mOfysufus&jcif;\taMumif;&if;ukd rod&Sd&ao;aomf
vnf; av,mOfrSL;tcef;rS rSwfwrf;wiftoHzrf;pufudk &SmazGawGU
&SdcJhNyD; &JwyfzGJUxH vTJajymif;ay;tyfvdkufNyDjzpfaMumif; av,mOf½Hk;
t&m&SdwpfOD;ESifh ta&;ay:u,fq,fa&;t&m&SdwpfOD;u ajym
Mum;onf/
—Ref: AFP

aemufausmzHk; - *smreDuay;tyfaom a&ikyfoabFmrsm;wGif
EsLvufeufrsm; tpöa&; wyfqifae rS

touf 86 ES p f & S d N yD j zpf
aom bk&ifrBuD;udk Munfh½Itm;
ay;&ef vl a ygif ; wpf o ef ; cef Y
od r f ; jrpf u rf ; ab;wG i f pk a 0;
cJhMuonf/ bk&ifrBuD; t,fvd
ZbufrSm ,cif NAdwdefbk&ifr
BuD; Apfwdk;&D;,m;aemufykdif;

pd e f & wk o bif u sif ; yonf h
'kwd,bk&ifrBuD;jzpfonf/
avS o abF m rsm; pD w ef ;
vSnfhvnfjcif;tcrf;tem;rSm
pdef&wktxdrf;trSwf av;&uf
Mum aysmfyGJ&TifyGJrsm;\ t"du
tusqHk; tpDtpOfjzpfNyD; EkdifiH

wpf0ef;wGiv
f nf; vrf;rsm;ay:
ü ygwDyGJrsm;usif;ycJhaMumif;
od&onf/
tdrfa&SUrif;om; csm;vfpf
ES i f h Z eD ; jzpf o l umrD v mwk d Y
vnf; vef'efNrdKUv,f&Sd ypfum
'Dv&D yfuu
G üf usi;f yaom vrf;

ay: ygwDyGJwpfckodkY oGm;a&muf
vnfywfcJhNyD; ,if;vrf;ü ae
xk d i f o l r sm;ES i h f pum;pjrnf
ajymqkdcJhaMumif; od&onf/
—Ref: AFP

]]uRef a wmf w k d Y r S m *smreD
a&ikyo
f abFmawG&w
dS ,fqw
dk m
twnfjyKEkdifygw,f/ 'g vQKdU
0Sufcsufr[kwfygbl;/ 'gayrJh
a&ikyfoabFmawG&JU pGrf;&nf
awGeYJ ywfoufvaYkd wmh ajymykid f
cGihfr&Sdygbl;}}[k tpöa&;ajym
cGihf&yk*d¾KvfuajymMum;onf/
tpö a &;onf vl o d & S i f
Mum; raMunmxm;aomfvnf;

ta&SUtv,fyikd ;f a'o\wpfck
wnf;aom EsLvufeufrsm;ykdif
qkdifonfhEkdifiHjzpfonf/ *smreD
EkdifiHu tpöa&;udk a':vfzif
twef;tpm; a&ikyo
f abFmoH;k
pD; yHhykd;xm;NyD; aemufxyfoHk;pD;
udk 2017 ckESpfwGif ay;ydkY&ef
uefx½dkufcsKyfqkdxm;aMumif;
attufzfyDowif;wGif azmfjy
onf/ —Ref: AFP

46

Interview

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

},lu&def;rSm bmtmPm&SifpepfrSr&Sdygbl;~
,lu&def;0efBuD;csKyf rkdifudkvmtZma&mUAfESifU awGUqHkjcif;
ausmfrsdK;

aqmfrIygwJh qHk;jzwfcsufwJh/
olwdkYajymMuwmuawmh vuf
&Sd ,lu&def;tpdk;&[m twkduf
tcHacgif;aqmif ,lv,
D mwkid rf dk
&Sefudkudk z,fxkwfcsifw,fwJh/
'gyJ olwkdYtaetxm;yg/
'D u d p ö e J Y quf E T , f a ewJ h
tajctaeawG t m;vH k ; ud k
aemuf w pf B ud r f a vmuf uRef
awmf a xmuf j ycsif y gw,f /
Oa&myacgif ; aqmif a wG [ m
'geJYywfoufwJh owif;tcsuf
tvuftjynfht0&? r& uRef
awmfodcsifygw,f/ uRefawmf
wkdY owif;rSefay;zkdY tqifoifh
yg/ tJ'g rjiif;y,fEkdifwJhtcsuf
yg/ 'Dawmh ar;cGef;wpfck&SdrSmu
pHpk rf;ppfaq;rI[m Ekid if aH &;t&
vHIYaqmfrIygcJhovm; 'grSr[kwf
olr&JU vkyfaqmifrIawGaMumifh
uRefawmfwkdYwkdif;jynf Mum&Snf
cHae&wJh BuD;rm;wJhtqHk;t½HI;
awGu awmif;qkdvkdYvm;qkdwm
yg/

Oa&myor*¾xJrSm ylyefrIawG
trsm;BuD;&Sdaeygw,f/ txl;
ojzifh tD;,lacgif;aqmifykdif;
rS m ,l u &d e f ; &J U Oya'pd k ; rd k ; rI
tajctaeeJYywfoufNyD; ylyef
aeMuwmyg/ *smref t "d y wd
tef*svmrmu,fu ,lu&def;
udk bDvm½kpfeJYEdIif;,SOfum tm
Pm&SifEkdifiHvdkYajymcJhw,f/ 'D
awmh 'geJYywfoufvdkY 0efBuD;
csKyf&JUtjrifu b,fvdk&Sdygo
vJ/
,lu&def;rSm &ufenf;enf;
avmuf (odkYr[kwf) 'DxufydkNyD;
tcsdefay;aevdkuf½HkeJY tJ'g[m
,lu&de;f rSm bmtmPm&Sipf epf
rS r&Sdbl;qkdwm aocsmodzkdY vl
wkdif;twGuf vHkavmufoGm;yg
vdrfhr,f/ ,lu&def;rSm EkdifiHa&;
zdESdyfrIvnf;r&Sdygbl;/ ,lu&def;
rSm 'Drkdua&pDEkdifiHa&;ygwDawG
vIyf&Sm;aeMuNyD; wcsKdU ygvDref
xJrSm udk,fpm;jyKae&m&xm;NyD;
wcsKUd vnf; r&Muwm&Syd gw,f/
uReaf wmfwrYdk mS vGwv
f yfpmG a&;
om;azmfxkwfcGihf tjynfht0&Sd

Photo - AFP

rkid u
f v
kd mtZma&mhA[
f m 2010
rwfvupvkdY ,lu&def;0efBuD;
csKyfjzpfvmcJhwmyg/ xkdpOfup
vkdY ¤if;&JU 0efBuD;csKyfoufwrf;
[m Oa&myrSm txl;apmifMh unfh
cH v m&NyD ; ,cif 0ef B uD ; csKyf
a[mif; ,lvD,mwkdifrdk&Sefudk
udk axmif'Pfcek pfEpS cf srw
S cf rhJ I
awGaMumifh tmPm&SifEkdifiHt
jzpf OD;wnfvmaew,fvv
kYd nf;
a0zef c H c J h & ygw,f / vwf w
avmrS m Oa&myzvm;abm
vHk;NydKifyGJudk ykdvefeJYtwl yl;wGJ
usif;yzkdY&SdaewJh ,lu&def;[m
rMumao;rDu wkdifrkd&Sefudkudk
axmif0efxrf;ESdyfpufrIaMumifh
tpmiwf c H q E´ j yaeaMumif ;
owif ; awG a y:xG u f v mNyD ;
aemuf oHwrefa&;tajctae
ydkrdkqkd;&Gm;vmNyD; Oa&myacgif;
aqmif awmf a wmf r sm;rsm;u
,l½dk 2012 Oa&myzvm;abm
vHk;NydKifyGJudk wufa&mufjcif;
rjyKbJ oyd w f a rS m uf z k d Y Ncd r f ;
ajcmufcJhMuygw,f/ 'ghaMumifh
,l ½ d k o wif ; Xme&J U owif ;
axmuf qm*sD,dkuefwkdeD[m
0efBu;D csKyf rkid u
f v
kd mtZma&mhAf
udak wGUqHu
k m ,lu&de;f &JU vuf&dS
tajctaetaMumif; ar;jref;
xm;wmudk jyefvnfazmfjyay;
vdkufygw,f/

ygw,f/ uRefawmfuawmh rpö
rmu,fvf&JU rSwfcsufudk EdkifiH
a&;t& rrSefbl;vdkYbJ wpfOD;
wnf;tjrifeJYajymcsifygw,f/
tJ ' gu *smreD e J Y ,l u &d e f ; t
Mum; ESpfEkdifiHqufqHa&;udk wkd;
wufzkdY rulnDEkdifovdk 'Dxufydk
ajym&&if Oa&myor*¾wpfcv
k ;kH
eJY ,lu&def;wkdYMum;u qufqH
a&;udkyg rulnDEkdifygbl;/
0efBuD;csKyf&JU wkdif;jynfudka&m
taemuftkyfpku rdwfzufEkdif
iHawGudka&m tvGefyJ a&SUrwkd;
aemufrqkwo
f m jzpfaewJh 'Dt
usyftwnf;t ajctaeuae
xGufEkdifzdkY enf;vrf;&Sm&r,fvkdY
rawG;rdbl;vm;/
rpöwkdifrkd&Sefudk[m olr&JU
Ek d i f i H a &; ,H k M unf c suf a wG
aMumifh w&m;pGJcH&wmr[kwfyg
bl;/ olr[m ],lu&def;\ ñTef
Mum;csuf} vdkYac:wJh w&m;0if
pm&Gufpmwrf;udk twkjyKvkyf

rIeJY w&m;pGJcH&wmyg/ tJ'Dpm
&Gufpmwrf;twkudkoHk;NyD; olr
[m ol Y v uf a tmuf c H y k * d ¾ K vf
awGtwGuf ½k&mS ;eJ"Y mwfaiGU0,f
,lzdkY pdwfysufp&m qkwf,kwf
ysuf p D ; apr,f h uef x ½d k u f p m
csKyf w pf c k u d k vuf r S w f x k d ; cJ h
w,f/ tckawmh uRefawmfwkdY
wkdif;jynf[m "mwfaiGU0,f,l
rItwGuf vuf&Sd ysrf;rQ Oa&my
ayguf a ps;awG e J Y E d I i f ; ,S O f & if
ESpfqeD;yg;ay;&ygawmhr,f/
'Dawmh bmyJjzpfjzpf 0efBuD;csKyf
xifwmu tD;,lacgif;aqmifyidk ;f
[m 'DEkdifiHutajctaeeJYywf
oufvYkd rSm;,Gi;f wJh w&m;a&;t
csut
f vufawGay:rSm tajccH
wJh aumufcsufawGqGJaew,f
vkdYxifwmvm;/
olr&JU(wkid rf &dk eS u
f &kd UJ ) tjyK
trlawGeJYywfoufvdkY ½dk;&Sif;wJh
ar;cGe;f wpfck uReaf wmfar;cJNh y;D
ygNyD/ tJ'g[m EkdifiHa&;qHk;jzwf

csufvm; 'grSr[kwf &mZ0wfrI
vm;vd/Yk 'Dar;cGe;f udt
k ajzay;zkYd
vlolav;pm;cH&wJh Oa&mya&SU
aeawGuykd J uReaf wmfvyk af pcsif
ygw,f/
olwYkdtajzay;cJNh y;D NyaD v/ tajz
uawmh 'g[m EkdifiHa&;t& vIHY

uRefawmf em;vnfygw,f 0ef
Bu;D csKy/f 'gayrJh ,lu&de;f rSm a&m
jynfyrSmyg ,lu&def;&JU w&m;
pD&ifa&;pepfukd ,HMk unf pdwcf srI
avsmeh nf;aew,fqw
dk hJ tcsuf
vnf; &Sdaew,fvkdY rxifrdbl;
vm;cifAs/
'ghaMumifhyJ w&m;pD&ifa&;
pepfudk jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;vkyf
zdYk BuD;rm;wJw
h m0efukd uReaf wmf
wkdY&,lxm;wm twdtusygyJ/
,lu&def;&mZ0wfrIqkdif&m vkyf
xHk;vkyfenf;Oya'topf[m
vnf; EkdifiHom;awG&JU tcGihf
ta&;udk us,fjyefYatmifvkyf
ay;zkdY tmPmoufa&mufawmh
rSmyg/ 'guyJ jcpm;rIqefYusif
a&; wu,fhppfyGJudk uRefawmf
wdYk wku
d af e&jcif; taMumif;&if;
yg/ 'DwkdufyGJ&JU t&G,ftpm;u

qkdygpdkY&JU/ vGefcJhwJh 2 ESpfuxuf
xl;xl;jcm;jcm; ydkus,fjyefYvmcJh
ygw,f/ uRefawmfwdkY[m pD;yGm;
a&;udk xde;f csKyw
f phJ nf;rsO;f pnf;
urf;awGajzavQmhaeygw,f/
bmh a Mumif h v J q k d a wmh uRef
awmfwdkY jyóemudkjrifrdNyD; ,l
u&def;rSm &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHcsifp&m
aumif;wJhtajctaersKd;udkzef
wD;zdYk taumif;qH;k BudK;pm;aevdYk
yg/ uRefawmfwdkY atmifjrifyg
vdhrfr,f/
usefwJh Oa&mywpfwkdufvHk;u
wkdifrkd&Sefudkudk jynfyrSm olr&JU
usef ; rma&;ud k aq;uk o cG i h f
jyKapzk d Y wpf e nf ; enf ; eJ Y vk y f
aumif;vkyfr,fqkdwmudk 0ef
BuD;csKyf rtHhMordbl;vm;/
olr[m aq;ukorIcH,l
aeygw,f/ tJ'gu uRefawmf
wdkYudk aemufxyf aq;0g;uko
rItultnDvkdtyfw,f? rvdk
tyfbl;qkdwm odem;vnfvm
apygvd r f h r ,f / tm;vH k ; NyD ; wJ h
aemuf oihfavsmfwJh ukorIawG
udk ,lu&def;rSm rvkyfEkdifbl;vdkY
uRrf;usifem;vnfNyD; wm0ef&Sd
wJh aq;bufqkdif&m yk*d¾KvfawG
bufu oHk;oyfcsuf&Sdvm&if?
,lu&de;f jyifyrSm taxmuftyHh
wcsKdUeJY ukoEkdifw,fvkdY tmrcH
&if ,lu&def;acgif;aqmifydkif;
[m 'DvdkrsKd; jzpfEkdifajcudk vl
om;csif; pmemaxmufxm;rI
qkdif&mrlawGtay:tajccHNyD;
pOf;pm;Ekdifygw,f/ 'gayrJh 'Dvdk
qHk;jzwfcsufrsKd;u oifhavsmfwJh
Oya'eJY vkyfxHk;vkyfenf;pnf;
rsOf;awGrSm tajymif;tvJawG
vkyfzkdYawmh vdktyfygw,f/
—Ref: No dictatorship in

Ukraine Says Prime Minister
Mykola Azarov: Euronews:
12th May.

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

ajrmuftar&du 0ifaiGtaumif;qHk;
½kyf&Sifpm&if;wGif
Men In Black 3 ½kyf&SifOD;aqmif
avmhpftef*svdpf? ar - 29
ody½HÜ yk &f iS Zf mwfum;jzpfaom Men In Black Zmwfum;wJrG sm;\ wwd,ajrmuf
½ky&f iS u
f m; Men In Black 3onf ,cktywftwGi;f ajrmuftar&du\ 0ifaiG
taumif;qHk; ½kyf&Sifrsm;wGix
f yd q
f ;kH rS &yfwnfaeaMumif; od&onf/ rif;om;
0DvfprpfESifh awmfrDvD*sKH;pfwdkY yg0ifxm;aom ,ckZmwfum;onf NyD;cJhonhf
Memorial Day trSwfw &umvav;&uftwGif; 0ifaiG uefa':vmoef;
70 &&Sdxm;onf[kqdkonf/
,ciftywfu pHcsed w
f if 0ifaiGrsm;&cJah om The Avengers Zmwfum;rSmrl
'kwd,ae&modkYusqif;cJhNyD; 0ifaiGa':vm 96 'or 9 oef;om&SdcJhonf/ ,ck
tywf ajrmuftar&du0ifaiG taumif;qHk;½kyf&Sifrsm; wwd,ae&mwGif
Battleship ESifh pwkw¬ae&mwGif The Dictator Zmwfum;wkdY&SdaecJhMuonf/
—Ref: AFP

a':vm 42 oef;ukefuscH½dkuful;r,hf
w½kwf'&mrmZmwfvrf;rSmyg0ifwJh *sefql[D;

qdk;vf? ar - 29
udk&D;,m;½kyf&Sifrif;orD; *sefql[D;onf 0rfaiG 50 bDvD,H
(a':vm 42oef;) tukefuscH½dkuful;rnfh w½kwforkdif;
aemufc'H &mrm½kyo
f ZH mwfum;wGif yg0ifo½kyaf qmifxm;
onf[k od&onf/ rif;orD;*sefonf qDGrif;qufrS wefrif;
qufoYkd ul;ajymif;onhu
f mv w½kwEf idk if o
H rkid ;f wGib
f &k ifr
jzpfvmcJhaom vD[Gmtrnf& trsKd;orD;ae&mrSyg0ifrnf
jzpfumZmwfum;trnfrmS Heroes of Sui and Tang
Dynasties jzpfonf/
xko
d rkid ;f aemufcH'&mrm Zmwfum;udk½du
k u
f ;l &ef oH;k ESpf
ausmfMumjyifqifcJh&NyD; *sefonfw½kwfemrnfBuD; o½kyf
aqmifrsm;jzpfaom 0ifpwefusm;? ,lusm;uGr?f 'pfuaD csmif
polwEYkd iS ho½k
f yaf qmif&rnfjzpfonf/tqdyk gZmwfum;udk[leef
½kyo
f rH S vmrnhZf eG f 28wGif pwifxw
k v
f iT rhf nf[o
k &d onf/
rif;orD;*seo
f nf ,ckEpS t
f apmydik ;f uvnf; tjcm;w½kwf
'&rm½kyo
f ZH mwfvrf;wpfcjk zpfaom Master Lin in SeoulwGif
yg0ifco
hJ nf/ xdZk mwfvrf;udk BTV ½kyo
f u
H w½kwEf idk if w
H iG f
azazmf0g&Du pwifxw
k v
f iT chf o
hJ nf/ touf 40 t&G,rf if;
orD;*seo
f nf 2006 uvnf; w½kw'f &mrmZmwfvrf; War
and Destiny wGifyg0ifxm;cJhzl;onf/
—Ref: Reuters

"mwfykH-a*sarmifarmif(tr&yl&)

ADvdefZmwf½kyfeJY o½kyfaqmifavmuxJ
0ifvmwJh 0ifh,rHkvIdif

MuLMuL[ef

&efukef?ZGef-2
MRTV-4 wGif jyoaeaom ]tcspfoauFw} ½kyfoHZmwfvrf;wGJwGif rm,mcsdKtjzpfyg0if
o½kyaf qmifxm;aom 0if,
h rHv
k iId u
f o½kyaf qmifopfwpfa,muftaejzihf xkZd mwfvrf;wGJ
wGif ADvdefqefqef o½kyfaqmif&onfhtwGuf wm0efydkBuD;onf[kqkdonf/
]]orD;wdv
Yk dk topfwpf a,mufqakd wmh tawGUtBuHK qdw
k m vH;k 0r&Sb
d ;l / oifwef; awG
vnf; rwufcb
hJ ;l / VCD awGrmS vnf; o½kyrf aqmifcb
hJ ;l qdak wmh ud,
k pf vkyw
f hJ tcsed rf mS pD;
&D;vku
d jf zpfwt
hJ wGuaf Mumihf po½kyaf qmif&rSmvnf; ayghaygh yg;yg;av; r[kwb
f ;l / [JA;D jzpf

w,fqdkawmh pdk;&drfpdwfuawmh
trsm;BuD;&Scd w
hJ maygh/ aysmv
f nf;
aysmo
f vdkaMumufvnf;aMumuf
w,f/ pd;k vnf;pd;k &drw
f ,f/ ud,
k f
uwm0efvnf; ykdBuD;oGm;w,f
av/ taumif;qHk;jzpfatmif
y&dowfBuD; pdwfauseyfatmif
BudK;pm;xm;ygw,f}}[k 0ifh,rHk
vIdifuajymonf/
Zmwfvrf;wGJrSm jyoae
wm MumNyDjzpfonfhtwGuf y&d
owfwHkYjyefrIu rnfodkY&Sdonf
udkar;jref;&m ]]y&dowftoHu
awmh awmfawmfrsm;rsm;aumif;
w,f / y&d o wf a wG u Bud K uf
Muw,f/ wcsdKUusawmh vkd
tyfwmav;awG 'dkif,mavmhcf
jzpfjzpf? wpfckeJY wpfck tH0ifcGif
usrjzpfwmav;awmh &Sw
d maygh
aemf/ tJ'DvdkrsdK;av;awGudk y&d
owfawGu axmufjyw,f/ w
csdKUy&dowfawGu ajymjyw,f/
olwdkYbufu tBuHay;wmaygh
aemf/ tJhvdkajymjyawmh aemuf
xyf rjzpfatmif jyifqifcGifh&
wmaygh/ &v'faumif;aumif;
av;&vmwJhtwGufaMumifh t
&rf;aysmfygw,f/ [muGufawG
r&Sdatmif orD;wdkYbufu BudK;
pm;NyD; jyifqifygr,fh}}[k 0ifh
,rHkvIdifu ajymonf/

0ifh,rHkvIdifonf ]tcspf
oauFw}Zmwfvrf;wGJudk quf
vuf½dkuful;aeNyD; wDADMumfjim?
r*¾Zif;? abvfbkwf? uwfw
avmufwu
Ykd kd ½du
k u
f ;l &ef&o
dS nf/
olrudk tjyif½kyf&Sifxkwfvkyf
a&;ukrÜPDrsm;u Zmwfum;
½dkuful;&ef urf;vSrf;xm;jcif;
r&Sdao;aMumif; od&Sd&onf/

48

Entertainment

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

]wdrfawGaewJht&yf}ADpD'Dcsyfa& ckepfaxmifeD;yg; a&mif;&wJh cspfoka0
at;olpH
&efukef?
ZGef-2
tqkdawmfcspfoka0\ arv 1
&ufu pwifjzefYcsdcJhaom ]wdrf
awGaewJht&yf} pD;&D;\ ADpD'DrSm
xGu&f NdS y;D wpfveD;yg;tMumwGif
csyaf &ckepfaxmife;D yg; a&mif;cs
cJh&aMumif; cspfoka0xHrS od&
onf/
]'DADpD'Dav;u csyfa&ckepf
axmifeD;yg;&SdoGm;NyD a&mif;&
wm/ acGjywfomG ;vdYk befaumuf
uk d wpf c gxyf vS r f ; rS m xm;&
w,f}[k cspo
f ak 0u ajymonf/
,ckvuf&t
dS csed w
f iG f trsK;d orD;
tqkd&SifwpfOD;\ udk,fydkifoH
pOfjzpfNyD; trsm;pkoDqkdaeus
*DwyHkpHr[kwfbJ British Rock
*DwtrsKd;tpm;udk oDqkdxm;
onfhtay: y&dowftm;ay;rI
&&SdcJhjcif;ukd cspfoka0u ]'Dvdk
atmifjrifr,fvdkY rarQmfvifhcJh
bl;/ uk,
d t
hf Ekynm tm;aumif;
zkdY tvkyfao;ao;av;u tp
tukef0ifygNyD; vkyfcJhwJhtwGuf
y&dowf&JUarwåm a&mifjyef[yf
wmvdx
Yk ifygw,f}[k ajymonf/
okdY&mwGif csyfa&ckepfaxmifqdk
onfh ta&twGufrSm trSefw
u,f atmifjrifaom ADpD'Dt
ppftrSefwpfcsyf\ a&mif;tm;
ESihf EdiI ;f ,SOyf gu tqrwef uGm
[vGef;aeonf[kqkdonf/
]]x&DZmwk*DYd wavmuucd;k
ul;aMumihf awmfawmfysupf ;D ae
wmav/ acGoHk;axmifavmuf
a&mif;&&ifudk awmfawmfBuD;
a&mif;&NyDjzpfaewm/ tck x&D

ZmhacGckepfaxmifavmufa&mif;&wmudyk J t&rf;udak ysmaf eNy/D wu,f
qdk &efukefwpfNrdKUvHk;rSm y&dowfr0,feJYOD;/ um&mtkdauqkdifawG
uyJ acGtppfawG0,fO;D / rSwyf w
kH ifxm;wJq
h idk f awGu aomif;cs&D adS wmh
a&mif;tm;u 'Dxufru rsm;oihw
f m aygh}}[k cspo
f ak 0u EdiI ;f ,SOaf jym
jyonf/
cspo
f ak 0\ ]wdraf wGaewJh t&yf} pD;&D;onf ADp'D rD xGucf if wdyf
ESifh pD'DxGuf&SdNyD;csdef jynfwGif;*Dwqkay;yGw
J pfcw
k iG f qef cgwifqk
pm&if;üyg0ifco
hJ nf/ cspo
f ak 0onf tqkad wmfvif;vif;ESihfpHw
k t
JG acG
twGuf oDcsif;rsm; pwifoGif;,laeNyD; olr\ 'kwd,wpfudk,fawmf
acGtwGuf oDcsif;rsm; pwifpkpnf;aeaMumif; od&onf/

49

Entertainment

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

ravsmfuefonfh jyKrlrItwGuf &S&Gwfcef; y&dowfudk awmif;yef
e,l;a'vD? ar - 28
abmvd0k'fplygpwm;rif;om; &S
&Gwfcef;onf rGrfbkdif;ü jyKvkyf
aom tdEd´,y&D;rD;,m;vd*fyJG
pOfwpfcktwGif; yJGNyD;aemuf u
pm;uGi;f ay:odYk vrf;avQmuf0if
a&muf&ef BudK;yrf;cJo
h nhf ¤if;\
tjyKtrlrSm ravsmfuefonhf
tjyKtrljzpfaMumif; y&dowf
rsm;tm;awmif;yef ajymMum;
vk d u f o nf / arv 27 &uf
we*FaEGaeYu y&D;rD;,m;vd*f
NydKifyJG AdkvfvkyJGwGif tEkdif&cJh
onfh ud;k vfuwåm;Edu
k w
f ½f u
kd 'f g
toif;udk yl;wJGydkifqdkifonh f
rif;om;&S&Gwfcef;onf ar 16
uusif;ycJhonhf ¤if;\ yJGpOf
tNyD; 0rfpD'Dtm;upm;uGif;\
upm;uGif;jyifay: orD;i,fESifh
twl0ifa&muf&ef BuKd ;yrf;cJjh cif;
jzpfonf/
xdkpOfu vHkNcHKa&;rsm;u
¤if;udkwm;jrpfcJhaomfvnf; &S
&Gwcf ef;onf wm0ef&o
dS rl sm;ESihf

MuLMuL[ef
n tqdkawmfcGef;qifhaejcnf\ wpfudk,fawmfaw;pD;&D;

jzpfonhf ]pmvmvmrzwfeJY}pD;&D;ukd ZGefv 3 &ufwGif Pro
rS jzefYcsdrnfjzpfonf/ a&Ta*smfa*smf? Z0g? pdk;vif;?
vTrf;ydkif? befeDNzdK;? pdk;rdk;? tdeftdef;? nDrif;ckdif? 0dkifaoG;?
&JBuD;? cGef;qifhaejcnfwdkYu a&;om;aom oDcsif; 14 yk'fyg
0ifaMumif; od&onf/

Music

ntqdkawmf vif;,H\ wpfukd,fawmfaw;pD;&D;jzpfonfh

15 rdepfcefYMumatmif a'go
wBuD;jiif;ckHajymqdkNyD;rS vuf
avQmhcJhonf/ xdkpOfu t&uf
aomuf x m;onf [ k pG y f p J G c H
xm;&aom 46 ESpft&G,f&Sd rif;
om;onf upm;uGi;f twGi;f ig;
ESpf0ifa&mufcGifh ydwfyifcHcJh&
onf / xk d Y a Mumif h rif ; om;u

csif;rkdifwGif jyKvkyaf om aemuf
qH;k Adv
k v
f yk GJ tNy;D wGif ]]uReaf wmf
&JU ravsmfuefwJh tjyKtrlt
wGuuav;i,f
f
awGuawmif
kd
;yef
csifygw,f/ uRefawmf&JU yHkudk
uJGjym;jcm;em;pGm jrifawGcJh&ol
awGudk awmif;yefygw,f/ uRef
awmftJ'Dvdk rjyKrloifhcJhygbl;}}

[kajymonf/
&S&Gwfcef;onf NyD;cJhonhf
tywf u *sKd i f y gwG i f jyKvk y f
onfhy&D;rD;,m;vd*f yJGpOfwpfck
twG i f ; aq;vd y f a omuf c J h r I
aMumifh 'PfaiGay;aqmifcJh&
onf/
—Ref: AFP

aw;oDcsif; oDqdka&;pyfolrsm; pmaypdppfjcif; &yfqkdif;rnfhowif;udk BudKqdk

at;olpH
&efukef? ar-30
,ckESpf ZGefvrSpwifí pmay
pdppfa&;Xmeom usef&SdNyD; pm
aypdppfjcif; vkyfief;rsm; vkyf
udkifawmhrnf r[kwf[k pmay
pdppfEiS hf rSwyf w
Hk ifXmerS wm0ef
&S d o l w pf O D ; u ajymMum;cJ h N yD ;
aemuf jrefrmaw;oDcsif; oDqdk
a&;om;onfh tqdkawmftrsm;
pkrSm tqkdyg udpö&yftay:
BudK qdkajymMum;rIrsm; &Sdvmae
aMumif; od&onf/
]]ckxdawmh oDcsif;pmom;
awGudk pmaypdppfa&; wifae&
wk e f ; yJ / aemuf x yf bmawG
b,fvdkvkyf&r,fqdkwm ckxd

awmh bmrStaMumif;Mum; r
vmao;bl;/ pmayvkyif ef;buf
udk bmrSrajymvdkayr,fh *Dw
vkyif ef;bufeYJ ywfouf&ifawmh
wcsKdUtydkif;awGrSm pdppfzdkY rvdk
wmav;awG&w
dS ,f/ 'gayrJh 'Dvkd
rpdppfvkdufvdkY npfnrf;wJh? qJ
qdw
k hJ pmom;awG ygoGm;&if b,f
vdkvkyfrvJaygh/ wu,fvdkY rppf
awmhbl;qkd&ifawmh oDcsif; a&;
om;olrSm wm0ef,lrIawG ydkrsm;
vmEkdifw,f}}[k *Dwtpnf;t
½k;H (A[d)k rS OD;udu
k v
kd iG (f tkid pf )D u
ajymonf/
aw;oD c sif ; oD q d k xk w f
vkyo
f nfh vkyif ef;rsm;wGiv
f nf;

10

Top

Movies
in America

pmaypdppfa&;XmeoYdk aw;oD
csif;pmom;rsm;udk pdppf&ef wif
jy&NyD; axmufñTefjyifqif&ef
ñT e f M um;vmaom tcsuf t
vuf p mom;rsm;ud k jyef v nf
jyifqifa&;om;NyD;rSom aw;
oDcsif;pD;&D;rsm; xkwfa0cGifhjyK
onfhpepfjzpfonf/ pmaybuf
wGif 0w¬Krsm;? r*¾Zif;rsm;rSm pdppf
a&;wif&ef rvdkbJ xkwfa0cGifh
&vmNyDjzpfNyD; ZGefvtwGif; pm
aypdppfjcif;vkyfief;rsm; jyKvkyf
awmhrnfr[kwf[k wm0ef&Sdol
wpf O D ; u w&m;0if a jymMum;
vmcJhjcif;aMumifh *DwbufrS
aw;oD c sif ; zef w D ; ol r sm;u

,ckwpfywftwGif;
tar&duefwGif0ifaiGtaumif;qHk;
½kyf&Sifum;rsm;

.........................................................................

pOf Zmwfum;trnf
jzefYcsdonfhukrÜPD

pkpkaygif;0ifaiG
(uefa':vm)

jyoonfh
&ufowåywfaygif;

.........................................................................
457ç666ç000
3
1/ Marvel's The Avengers Walt Disney
2/ Battleship
Universal Picture
25ç534ç800
1
Paramount Pictures
24ç476ç200
1
3/ The Dictator
4/ Dark Shadows
Warner Bros. Pictures
50ç721ç800
2
5/ What To Expect
Lionsgate
10ç547ç100
1
When You're Expecting
6/ The Best Exotic
Fox Searchlight Pictures 8ç228ç020
3
Marigold Hotel
7/ The Hunger Games
Lionsgate
391ç581ç000
9
8/ Think Like A Man
Screen Gems
85ç838ç500
5
Warner Bros. Pictures
56ç934ç600
5
9/ The Lucky One
10/ The Pirates! Band of Sony Pictures
25ç490ç100
4
Misfits

vnf; ,if;jzpf&yftay: BudKqdk
ajymMum;rIrsm; &Sdvmjcif;jzpf
onf/
]]wu,f v d k Y qif q mom
r&Sdawmh&if udk,fa&;wJh pmom;
udk udk,fydkNyD; wm0ef,l&r,f/
zef w D ; rI y d k i f ; awmh yd k N yD ; tm;
aumif;oGm;r,f/ uRefawmfwdkY
[pfa[mhyo
f cD si;f awGqkd um&ef
awG ,la&;xm;awmh jyifckdif;
vk d u f & if enf ; enf ; tcuf t
cJ&Sdw,f/ 'gayrJh vGwfvyfvm
avav yd k N yD ; wm0ef B uD ; vm
avavyJ}} [k [pfa[mhyftqdk
awmfwpfOD;vnf;jzpf? aw;a&;
vnf;jzpfol &ouajymonf/

]b0xJutdrrf uf}aw;pD;&D;udkThe Sun Music Production
rS jzefcY sad Mumif; od&onf/ aemifaemif (S.F)? zk;d um? &,f*s?D
[efxl;vGif? vif;vif;? aemaemf? a&rGef (Idiots)? ausmf
aemif(ta0;u{nfhcef;)? Au? vif;,HwdkY a&;om;aom
oDcsif;rsm;yg0ifonf/ Slow Rock, Soft Rock oDcsif;
trsdK;tpm;yg0ifaMumif; od&onf/

AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;tw¬KyÜwÅdZmwfum;
ZmwfñTef;ukd ckESpftvkdufcJGa0a&;om;rnf
at;olpH
&efukef? ar-29
Adv
k cf sKyaf tmifqef; ½ky&f iS Zf mwf
um;½du
k u
f ;l &ef yxrtqifjh zpf
aom ZmwfñeT ;f udk ckEpS t
f vku
d f
cJGa0um ZmwfñTef;q&mokH;OD;
u ZGefvukeftrD a&;om;awmh
rnfjzpfaMumif; ZmwfñTef;tzJGU
0ifwpfOD;jzpfonfh pma&;q&m
cspfOD;ndKu ajymonf/
]]uReaf wmfa&;&r,fh tydik ;f
rSm zqyvtzJGUeJY tpdk;&tzJGU
uJGMuw,f/ 'DumvrSm AdkvfcsKyf
rdefYcGef;awG trsm;BuD;ajymcJh&
w,f/ vkyfBuHcH&w,f/ 'gawG
ygawmh wwf E k d i f o avmuf
udk;um;NyD; jyKpk&rSmyg}} [k pm
a&;q&mcspfOD;ndKu ¤if;wm
0ef,la&;om;&rnfh 1945 rS
1947 ckESpftxd ZmwfñTef;ydkif;
ESifhywfoufí ajymonf/

AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef; ½kyf
&Sit
f wGuf ZmwfñeT ;f tMurf;udk
okH;ydkif;cJG a&;om;rnfjzpfNyD;
1915 rS 1940 ck E S p f t xd
OD;Nidrf;rif;? 1940 rS 1945 ckESpf
txd OD;Munfpdk;xGef;ESifh 1945
rS 1947 ckESpftxd pma&;q&m
cspfOD;ndKwdkYu toD;oD;wm0ef
,l a&;om;Murnf j zpf o nf /
AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;½kyf&Sift
wGuf ZmwfñTef;jzpfajrmufa&;
tzJUG udk 'g½du
k w
f m Munfp;kd xGe;f ?
Nidrf;rif;? pma&;q&m cspfOD;ndK?
'g½kdufwmrif;xifudkudkBuD;? 'g
½kdufwmMunfjzLoQifESifh 'g½kduf
wmaZmfoufaxG;wdjYk zifh zJUG pnf;
xm;onf / ,ck a &;om;rnf h
ZmwfñTef;tMurf;udk ZGefv 11
&uftNyD; a&;om;rnfjzpfNyD;
tqdkygaeYwGif ZmwfñTef;tzJGU
tpnf;ta0;ac:í aqG;aEG;
oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; od&onf/

Movie Review
Prometheus
pl;prf;&SmazGa&;orm; tkypf w
k pfpo
k nf urÇmay:
wGif vlom;rsm; rnfojYdk zpfwnfvmonfukd avh
vm&if; pMu0Vm\ tpGef;tzsm; arSmifrkduf
aom ae&mrsm;odkY a&muf&SdoGm;cJhMuonf/
vlom;rsK;d EG,\
f tpud&k mS azG&if;ESiyhf if vlom;
wdt
Yk wGuf tEÅ&m,frsm;udv
k nf; jrifawGUvmol
avhvma&;orm;rsm;rSm aMumufp&maumif;
aom wku
d yf rGJ sm; qifE&TJ if; rdrw
d aYkd e&yf urÇmajr
odkY jyefvm&rnfjzpf&m.../
pGepYf m;cef;? tuf&iS ?f onf;xdw&f ifz?kd pdwu
f ;l
,Ofoyd ZHÜ mwfum;tm;'g½du
k w
f mRidley Scott u
½du
k u
f ;l xm; Ny;D Noomi Rapace, Michael Fassbender, Charlize Theron wdYk yg0ifo½kya
f qmif
xm;onf/ ZGefv8 &ufwGif jzefYcsdrnfjzpfonf/

Vol.9,
Vol.11,
No.29
No.13
 October
 June 7 ,72012
, 2010

abmvHk;ESifh vlrIusef;rma&;aygif;pyfxm;onfh tpDtpOfwpfck jrefrmEkdifiHudk zDzmu ay;tyf
AdkvfAdkvf0if;
aejynfawmf? ar - 29
urÇmhabmvHk;tzGJUcsKyf(zDzm)
onf abmvHk;ESifh usef;rma&;
qufE,
T o
f nfh y½k*d &rfwpfcjk zpf
aom FIFA Football for Health
Program udk tm&Sa'oEdkifiH
rsm;teuf jrefrmEdik if t
H m; yxr
qHk;tBudrf ay;tyfcJhaMumif;
owif;&&Sdonf/
tqdkygtpDtpOfESifhywf
oufonft
h crf;tem;udk arv
29 &ufu aejynfawmf&Sd &dGif
&,furk jk 'm[dw
k ,fwiG f usi;f yjyK
vkyfcJhNyD; zDzmrS wm0ef&Sdolrsm;?
tm;upm;0efBuD;XmeESihf jrefrm
EdkifiH abmvHk;tzGJUcsKyfrS wm0ef
&Sdolrsm;wufa&mufcJhMuonf/
zDzmonf ,if;tpDtpOf
t& tm&SabmvHk;tzGJUcsKyf
tzGJU0if EdkifiHaygif; 46 EdkifiH&Sd
onfhteuf jrefrmEdkifiHtm;
yxrqHk;tBudrf ay;tyfcJhjcif;
jzpf u m jref r mEd k i f i H a bmvH k ;
tzG J U csKyf u wif j yawmif ; qd k
cJjh cif;aMumifh &&Scd jhJ cif;jzpfonf/
tqdkyg Football for
Health tpDtpOfonf jynf

wGif;&Sd vli,fupm;orm;rsm;?
ausmif;om;vli,frsm;ESifh t
&G,fra&mufao;onfh uav;
oli,frsm;\ usef;rma&;zGHUNzdK;
rItwGuf tdwfcsftkdifAD^at
tk d i f ' D t uf p f ? rl ; ,pf a q;0g;?
t&ufaopmoH;k pGjJ cif;wdrYk S wm;
qD;umuG,af y;rnfhynmay;tpD
tpOf r sm;? trsd K ;orD ; rsm;ES i f h

rd e f ; uav;i,f r sm;tm; um
uG,frIESifhqdkifaom tpDtpOf
rsm;? wpfudk,fa& oefY&Sif;a&;
ESifh oefY&Sif;onfh aomufoHk;a&
oH k ; pG J a &;? usef ; rmpG m aexd k i f
pm;aomufrIESifh rdom;pkb0
ponfwdkYtm; y½kd*&rfrsm;jzifh
ynmay;aqmif&GufoGm;rnfh
abmvHk;ESifhusef;rma&;? vlrI

a&;qufE,
T af ygif;pyfxm;onfh
y½dk*&rfjzpfonf/
]]'Dya&m*sufudk pr,fqdk
&if ausmif;aygif; 11 ausmif;
avmufpNy;D awmh Pilot Project
(a&SUajy; prf;oyfpDrHcsuf)vkyf
ygr,f/ trsm;qH;k u 18 ausmif;
vkyyf gr,f?tJ'u
D aepNy;D ausmif;
om;OD;a&wpf axmifuae oHk;

aomif;? oHk;aomif;uae oHk;
odef;? oHk;odef;uae oHk;oef;?
oHk;oef;uae uRefawmfwkdU&JU
ausmif;om;OD;a&&Spfoef;&Sd&if
&Spfoef;pvHk;udk umAmvkyfEdkif
wJ h t csd e f t xd oG m ;&rS m jzpf
ygw,f/ uRefawmfwdkY odyfjzpf
csiaf ewJh ausmif;rSm abmvH;k u
pm;&atmif? ausmif;rSm tm;u
pm;udk uav;awG wpfywfudk
wpfBudrf ESpfBudrf rjzpfrae vkyf
&atmifqdkwJh uRefawmfwdkY&JU
pdwx
f u
J tdyf rufayghav/ pDrH
csufudk jyefNyD;awmh taumif
txnfazmfawmhrmS jzpfygw,f}}
[k jrefrm Edik if aH bmvH;k tzGUJ csKyf
Ouú|OD;aZmfaZmfu tqdkygt
crf;tem;wGifajymMum;onf/
od k Y a omf ,if ; tpD t pOf
rsm;tm; abmvH;k tzGUJ csKyw
f pfck
wnf;uvkyaf qmifír&aMumif;?
oufqdkif&m usef;rma&;0efBuD;
Xme? ynma&;0efBuD;Xme? abm
vHk;tzGJUcsKyf? oufqdkif&mvSL
&Sirf sm;? zDzm? tm&SabmvH;k tzGUJ
csKyftm;vHk; yl;aygif;aqmif&Guf
rnfqykd gu ratmifjrifEikd pf &m
r&SdaMumif; OD;aZmfaZmfuajym

onf/
]]aemuf 0rf ; omp&mu
awmh oufqdkif&m0efBuD;Xme
0efBuD;rsm;uvnf; 'Dya&m*suf
udk atmifjrifatmif ulnDr,f?
0dkif;0ef;yHhydk;ay;r,f/ jzpfatmif
vkyfygvdkY vrf;ñTefrSmMum;xm;
wJhtwGuf uRefawmf t&rf;0rf;
omygw,f/ uRefawmfwdkY EdkifiH
tem*wf t wG u f tm;xm;&
r,fhvli,fawG tckxufydkNyD;
usef;rmBuHUcdkifatmif? pGrf;&nf
xufjrufatmif 'Dy½dk*&rfudk
awmif;qdkcJhwmyg}}[k OD;aZmf
aZmfu qufvufajymMum;cJh
onf/
tqdkygy½dk*&rfonf jref
rmvli,frsm;twGuf vGefpGm
tusKd ;jyKjzpfxeG ;f rnfh tpDtpOf
jzpfaMumif; tqdyk gtcrf;tem;
odkYwufa&mufcJhonfh jrefrmEdkif
iHtdkvHypfaumfrwD taxGaxG
twGif;a&;rSL;? tm;upm;ESihf
um,ynmOD;pD;Xme ñTefMum;
a&;rSL;csKyf OD;aomif;xdkufu
ajymMum;onf/
pm(51)odkY

jrefrm? xkdif; ½dk;&mvufa0SYpdefac:yJG odrfjzLtm;upm;cef;rü usif;yrnf 8syeftrsKd;orD;vufa&G;pifabmvHk;upm;orm;
ajcmufOD; vma&mufyl;wGJavhusifhrnf

AkdvfAdkvf0if;
&efukef? ZGef-2
jrefrmESihf xkid ;f ½d;k &m vufa0SpY ed f
ac:yJG 7 yJGyg0ifonfh NydKifyJGudk

ZGef 10 &ufwGif &efukefNrdKU? odrf
jzLtm;upm;cef;rü usif;yrnf
jzpfaMumif; owif;&&Sdonf/
tqkdyg NydKifyJG\ ig;csDyJGpOf

rsm;tjzpf pdk;vif;OD;(jrefrm)ESifh
csepf (k xkid ;f ? a'geatmif(jrefrm)
ESifh tmcGef;(xkdif;)? owådatmif
(jrefrm)ESifh a&w(xkdif;)? a&T

xGef;,kH(jrefrm)ESifh csmerfvpf
(xkdif;)? a'gif;onf;acs(jrefrm)
ESifh uGrfirf;(xkdif;)? &efwkdif;
pm(51)odkY

AdkvfAdkvf0if;
&efukef? ar - 31
*syefEkdifiHrS vufa&G;piftqifh
trsK;d orD;abmvH;k orm; ajcmuf
OD;onf jrefrmEkid if o
H Ykdig;&ufMum
yl;wGJavhusifhrIrsm; vma&muf
jyKvkyfrnfjzpfaMumif; owif;
&&Sdonf/
tqkyd gtpDtpOftm;*syef
EkdifiHabmvHk;tzGJUcsKyfESifh jref
rmEdkifiHabmvHk;tzGJUcsKyfwdkY yl;
aygif;pDpOfjcif;jzpfNy;D vma&muf
rnfh upm;orm;ajcmufOD;wGif
vufa&G;piftqifhav;OD;ESihf
*syefabmvHk;tu,f'rDrS ESpf
OD;yg0ifaMumif; jrefrmEdik if aH bm
vHk;tzGJUcsKyfrS wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;
uajymonf/
]]vma&muf r ,f h t zG J U rS m
upm;orm;ajcmufOD;eJY enf;jy
q&mESpOf ;D vnf;ygrSmyg/ enf;jy
q&mawGuvnf; jrefrmenf;jy
q&mawGudk oifwef;awGay;
oGm;rSmjzpfwt
hJ jyif upm;orm;
awGuvnf; jrefrmupm;orm;
awGeJY yl;wGJavhusihfrIawG? ajc
prf;yGJawGrSm 0ifa&muf,SOfNydKif

oGm;rSmyg}}[k jrefrmhvufa&G;pif
trsKd;orD; wm0efcH a':jrwf
jrwfOD;uajymonf/
&efukefodkY vma&mufrnfh
*syefvufa&;piftqihf upm;
orm;rsm;onf NyD;cJhonfh tm&S
zvm;NydKifyGJ0iftoif;rSjzpfNyD;?
touf 18 ESpf0ef;usifcefYom
&S d a Mumif ; a':jrwf j rwf O D ; u
qufajymonf/ vuf&Sd *syef
enf;jyq&mESihf avhusihfvsuf
&Sdaom jrefrmhvufa&G;piftrsKd;
orD;abmvH;k toif;onf teD;
uyfqHk; EkdifiHwumNydKifyGJtjzpf
vmrnfh pufwifbmvtwGif;
AD,uferfEkdifiHwGif jyKvkyfrnfh
tmqD,HtrsKd;orD;csefyD,H&Spf
NydKifyGJ&Sdaeonf/
]]tmqD,HcsefyD,H&SpfNydKif
yGJrwkdifrD Mo*kwfvtwGif;rSm
jrefrmhvufa&G;piftrsKd;orD;
toif;udkvnf; *syefEkdifiHrSm
ESpfywfcefY yl;wGJavhusihfrIawG
oG m ;a&muf j yKvk y f z k d Y t wG u f
tzGJUcsKyfOuú|u pDpOfxm;yg
w,f}}[k a':jrwfjrwfO;D uajym
onf/

51

Sports

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

ref,lESifh *sDtrfum;ukrÜPD
oHk;ESpfpyGefqm pmcsKyfcsKyfqdk
'ufx&GdKuf? ZGef-1
tar&duefum;ukrÜPD *sife
&,farmfwm(*sDtrf)onf t*F
vefy&D;rD;,m;vd*fxdyfoD; ref
,ltoif;tm; oHk;ESpfMum pyGef
qmay;&ef pmcsKyfwpf&yf csKyf
qdkcJhaMumif; od&onf/ ,ckuJh
okdY *sDtrf\ y&D;rD;,m;vd*w
f Gif
aMumfjim&ef qH;k jzwfcsurf mS azhpf
bGwfcf? plygabmif;ESihf tar&d
uefabmvH;k NyKd iyf rJG sm;wGif ,cif
uJhodkY pyGefqmay;&ef pdwfqE´
r&Sdawmhjcif;udk jyojcif;vnf;
jzpfonf/ *st
D rf\ aps;uGujf ri§ fh
wifa&;t&m&Scd sKyf *se;f tD0rfepf
uvnf; ]]urÇmay:rSm vlaygif;
3 'or 5 bDvD,Hu abmvHk;
upm;enf ; ud k tm;ay;aeMu

wmyg/ tar&dueftrsdK;om;
abmvHk;NydKifyGJuawmh y&dowf
oef; 400 yJ&ydS gw,f/ uReaf wmf
wdkY[m udk,fhazmufonfawG &Sd
wJhae&myJ oGm;&rSmyg}}[k ref
,lESihf pmcsKyfcsKyf&jcif;twGuf
&Sif;jycJhonf/ y&D;rD;,m;vd*f\
xdyfoD;ref,ltoif;onf vd*f
csefyD,Hqk 19 Budrf pHcsdefwif
&&S d x m;NyD ; urÇ m ay:wG i f vl
BudKuftrsm;qHk; tm;upm;t
oif;wpfoif;tjzpf &yfwnfae
onf/ NyD;cJhonfh {NyDvuvnf;
Forbes r*¾Zif;Bu;D u ref,t
l m;
wefzdk; uefa':vm2 'or 24
bDvD,H&Sdojzihf urÇmhwefzdk;t
BuD;qHk; abmvHk;toif;tjzpf
owfrSwfazmfjycJhonf/
—Ref: AFP

,l½dk 2012 yGJpOfrsm;ukd
jyifopftpdk;& oydwfarSmufrnf
yg&D?ZGef-1
jyifopftpdk;&onf vlYtcGifht
a&;qdkif&m udpörsm;aMumihf ,l
u&def;EdkifiHwGif usif;yrnfh ,l½dk
(2012) abmvHk;NydKifyGJ yGJpOfrsm;
odkY wufa&mufMunfh½Ijcif;rjyK
bJ oydwfarSmuf&ef qHk;jzwfcJh
onf/ jyifopfEkdifiHjcm;a&;0ef
BuD ; Xme ajymcG i f h & yk * ¾ d K vf u
vnf; ,lu&def;wGif vlYtcGifht
a&;ESihf EdkifiHa&;jyóemrsm;udk

Oa&myor*¾twGif; pkd;&drfylyef
aeaMumif;qdkcJhNyD; tm;upm;
0efBuD;A,fvm&Dazmfae&Gefu
vnf ; tpd k ; &\ ,ck q H k ; jzwf
csufonf ,lu&def;0efBuD;csKyf
a[mif; wdkifrdk&Sefudktay: pdk;
&dryf yl efí jzpfaMumif; qdck o
hJ nf/
wkdifrdk&Sefudkonf ,lu&def;vuf
&Sdtpdk;&\ vmbfpm;rIpGJcsuf
rsm;jzihf axmif'Pfcek pfEpS f uscH
ae&onf/
—Ref: AFP

jrefrm ,l- 22 abmvHk;toif; xkdif;EkdifiHodkY oGm;a&mufajcprf;rnf
AdkvfAdkvf0if;
aejynfawmf? ar - 29
tm&SabmvHk;tzGJUcsKyf touf
22 ESpaf tmuf AFC U-22 NyKd iyf JG
twGuf jyifqifaeaom jrefrm
vl i ,f a bmvH k ; toif ; onf
xdkif;EdkifiHodkY ajcprf;yGJESpfyGJoGm;
a&muf,SOfNydKifupm;rnfjzpf
aMumif;owif;&&Sdonf/
jrefrmtoif;onf ZGefv
17 &ufwiG f xdik ;f U-22 toif;?
ZGefv 19 &ufwGif armfvf'kduf
,l - 22toif ; ES i f h ajcprf ; yG J
rsm; ,SOfNydKifupm;oGm;rnfjzpf
onf/ ]]jrefrm U-22 toif;
twG u f jyif q if r I y gyJ / avm
avmq,f vd*fNydKifyGJuvnf; &Sd

cspfola[mif;tay: udk,fxdvufa&mufrIjzifh
axmif'Pf&uf 90 ar0Jom us
avmhpftif*svdpf?ZGef-2
tar&duefvufa0SYcsefyD,H z
vGdKufar0Jomonf ¤if;\twl
aecspfola[mif;tay: udk,f
xd v uf a &muf u sL;vG e f r I j zih f
vmhpfaA;*wfpftusOf;axmif
wGif axmif'Pf&uf 90 uscH
&ef trdefYcsrSwfcHvkduf&onf/
¤if ; \rsd K ;quf w G i f t
aumif ; qH k ; vuf a 0S Y o rm;[k
owfrSwfcH&ol ar0Jomonf
Zefe0g&Duyif ¤if;tm; axmif
'Pfcsrw
S &f ef&cdS ahJ omfvnf; ar
5 &ufwGif rD*G,faumfwdkYESihf pl
yg0,fvfwm0dwfwef; o&zlvk
yGJ xdk;owf&ef a&TUqdkif;ay;jcif;

zD z mrS C h i f M e d i c a l
Officer *sD&D'Drdk*&uf OD;aqmif
aom ud k , f p m;vS , f t zG J U rsm;
onf ,if;y½dk*&rf atmifjrif
a&;twG u f aejynf a wmf o d k Y
a&muf&SdaepOf arv 29 &uf

u tm;upm;0efBuD;Xme? usef;
rma&;0efBuD;Xme? ynma&;0ef
BuD;XmewdkYrS wm0ef&Sdolrsm;eSifh
awGUqHkaqG;aEG;cJhonf/ tqdkyg
y½dk*&rf\ Pilot Project (a&SU
ajy;prf ; oyf p D r H c suf ) tm;

cHcJh&oljzpfonf/ ar0Jomonf
zdvpfydkifvufa0SYorm; refeDyg
uGDtdkESihf xkd;owf&ef aqG;aEG;
cJhzl;NyD; yGJrS 0ifaiG tcsdK;us cGJ
,l&ef n§Ed iId ;f &mwGif tqifrajy
jzpf c J h í yG J t pD t pOf y suf c J h &
onf/ ar0Jomonf NyD;cJhonfh
'DZifbmu ¤if;\twlaecspf
ol a [mif ; *sd K qD [ m;&pf t m;
udk,fxdvufa&muf ½dkufESufrI?
¤if;ESi&fh aom uav;ESpOf ;D udyk g
EIwfjzihf apmfum;Ncdrf;ajcmufrI
rsm;aMumihf axmif'Pfajcmuf
vcsrSwfcH&NyD;aemuf axmif
'PfoHk;vudk a&TUqdkif;uscHap
&ef trdefYcscHcJh&onf/
—Ref: Reuters

pm(50) - abmvHk;ESifh vlrIusef;rma&;aygif;pyfxm;onfh tpDtpOfwpfck
jrefrmEkdifiHudk zDzmu ay;tyf rS

aeawmh toif;taeeJY ZGefv
5 &ufaeYrS jyefpkpnf;EdkifrSmyg?
xdkif;abmvHk;tzGJUcsKyfeJYvnf;
Ny;D cJw
h hJ zDzmuGe*f &ufrmS ajcprf;
yGu
J pd ö oabmwlnrD I &&Sx
d m;Ny;D
ygNyD } }[k jref r mEd k i f i H a bmvH k ;
tzGJUcsKyfOuú| OD;aZmfaZmfu
arv 29 &ufwGifajymonf/
tm&SabmvHk;tzGJUcsKyfu
,ckESpfwGif pwifusif;yonfh
tqdkygNydKifyGJ\ tkyfpkyGJpOfrsm;
udk ZGefv23 &ufrS Zlvdkif 6 &uf
txd usif;yrnfjzpfNyD; jrefrm
yg0ifonfh tkyfpk(q) yGJpOfrsm;
udk &efukefNrdKUü vufcHusif;y
oGm;rnfjzpfonf/ ajcppfyGJpOf
rsm;udk tm&SEdkifiHaygif; 41 Edkif

2012-2013 ynmoif E S p f ?
vmrnfhEdk0ifbmv? 'DZifbmv
twGif; pwifEdkif&ef pDpOfxm;
aMumif; OD;aZmfaZmfuajymMum;
cJhonf/

iHrS vli,fabmvHk;toif;rsm;
0ifa&muf,SOfNydKifMurnfjzpfNyD;
yGpJ Ofrsm;twGuf toif;ajcmuf
oif;yg tkyfpkajcmufckESifh t
oif;ig;oif;yg tkypf w
k pfcck jJG cm;
xm;aMumif;od&onf/
jrefrmtoif;onf tkyfpk
(q)wGif awmifu&kd ;D ,m;? w½kwf
(wdkifay)? AD,uferf? rav;&Sm;?
zdvpfyikd t
f oif;wdEYk iS hf usa&muf
vsuf&SdNyD; tqdkygyGJpOfrsm;udk
ok0PÖuiG ;f ESihf atmifqef;uGi;f
wdw
Yk iG f vufcu
H si;f yoGm;rnfjzpf
onf/

,if;NydKifyGJodkY 0ifa&muf
,SOfNydKifrnfh jrefrmvli,ft
oif;udk udk&D;,m;enf;jy ywf
aqmif[Gmu udkifwG,frnfjzpf
um jref r menf ; jyrsm;tjzpf
OD;wifjrifhatmif? OD;aZmf0if;
xGef;? OD;atmifatmifxGef;ESifh
OD;rsdK;cspfwdkYu wm0ef,lrnf
jzpfaMumif; od&onf/ jrefrm
vli,ftoif;onf NyD;cJhonfh
arvuvnf; awmifudk&D;,m;
EdkifiHodkY oHk;ywfMum yl;wGJavh
usifhrIrsm; oGm;a&mufjyKvkyf
cJhonf/

pm(50) - jrefrm? xkdif; ½dk;&mvufa0SYpdefac:yJG
odrfjzLtm;upm;cef;rü usif;yrnf rS
ausm(f jrefrm)ESihf eefyuf(xkid ;f )?
plyg(jrefrm)ESifh a&mhqD(xkdif;) yJG
pOfrsm; yg0ifrnfjzpfonf/
]]t&ifu vkyfcJhwJh yJGawG
wkef;u oD;oefY xkdif;-jrefrm yJG
pOfawGcsnf;yJ rvkyfzl;ygbl;/
jrefrmtcsif;csif; xkd;owfwJh
yJGpOfawG yg0ifygw,f/ ckyJGpOf
awGuawmh xkdif;-jrefrm oD;
oefYyJGpOfawGyJ pDpOfxm;wmyg/
aemufydkif; vufa0SYyJGawGu ½kd;
tDvmvdkY y&dowfawGtwGuf
vnf; xl;jcm;atmif pDpOfjzpf
wmyg}} [k NydKifyJGpDpOfol H & S
Group rS OD;pdi
k ;f aZmfaZmfu ajym
onf/
,ckNydKifyJGudk vma&muf
,SOfNydKifMurnfh xkdif;vufa0SY
orm;rsm;onf rJaqmufjynf
e,f uvyfwpfckrS csefyD,Hrsm;

jzpf a Mumif ; ,cif u vnf ;
jrefrmEkdifiHodkY vma&muf,SOf
NyKd izf ;l aMumif; ¤if;u qufvuf
ajymonf/
]]tm;vkH;u vli,fawGyg
yJ/ toufEpS q
f ,f0ef;usiaf wG
yg/ ½I H ; wm? Ek d i f w m rajymEk d i f
ayr,fh ZJaG umif;aumif;eJY owåd
&Sd&Sd xdk;Edkifr,fh jrefrmvli,f
av;awGudk a&G;NyD; pDpOfxm;yg
w,f } }[k OD ; pd k i f ; aZmf a Zmf u
quf ajymonf/
¤if;NyKd iyf \
GJ 0ifaMu;tjzpf
usyf 15000? 12000? 8000
tjzpf owfrSwfxm;NyD; BudKwif
vufrSwfrsm;udk aZmfypfwkdif;
axmifA'D ,
D ?kd 35 vrf;(tv,f)
&efukefNrdKUwGif qufoG,f 0,f
,lEkdifaMumif; owif;&&Sdonf/

52

International

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

tD*spfor®wa[mif;rlbm&uf axmif'PfwpfoufcsrSwfcH&
udkif½dk? ZGef-2
,ref E S p f u ¤if ; tm;&mxl ; rS
jyKwu
f somG ;apcJah om uefu
Y u
G f
qE´jyrIrsm;twGi;f qE´jyolrsm;
owfjzwfcH&jcif;wGif yg0ifcJh
aom ¤if;\ tcef;u@twGuf
tD*spfor®wa[mif; [dkYpeD r l
bm&ufonf axmif'Pf wpf
ouf c srS w f c H & aMumif ; od &
onf/
touf 84 ES p f & S d N yD j zpf
aom acgif;aqmifa[mif;tay:
csrSwfcJhonfh jyif;xefaom jypf

'Pf r S m vwf w avm or® w
a&G;aumufyGJ 'kwd,tausmh
rJ cGJqHk;jzwfrIü rlbm&uftpdk;&
0efBu;D csKyaf [mif;ESifh rGwq
f vif
b&m;om;[k'ftzGJUrS udk,fpm;
vS,favmif;wdkYtMum; jzpfay:
aeaom wif;rmrlrsm;udk ysuf
jy,fapvdak om oabm&Sad Mumif;
atyDowif;wGif azmfjyonf/
rlbm&ufonf ¤if;\ Ekdif
iHrSmyif w&m;pD&ifcH&aom y
xrOD;qHk; tm&yfacgif;aqmif
jzpfNyD; ¤if;tay:trdefYcsrSwf
csed w
f iG f w&m;½H;k oHqefcgaemuf
uG,fwGif wdwfqdwfaecJhonf/

wpfcsdefu wefckd;xGm;cJhaom
¤if;\ om;ESpfOD;rSmrl pdwfvIyf
&Sm;aeyH&k um om;tBu;D tmvm
u usrf;rS pmom;rsm; wdk;wkd;
&GwfzwfcJhonf/
aemufydkif;wGif rpöwmrl
bm&uftm; w&m;½Hk;rS &[wf
,mOfjzihf jyefvnf ac:aqmif
oGm;cJhonf/ w&m;½Hk;jyifywGif
rl ¤if;tm;axmufcHolrsm;ESihf
qefYusifolrsm;tMum; ½kefY&if;
qefcwfjzpfcJhonf/ w&m;½Hk;t
eD;wGifrl t"du½kPf;&JwyfzGJU
aygif ; rsm;pG m ae&m,l a pmih f
MuyfaecJhonf/
—Ref:AP

w½kwfEdkifiHwGif vlUcE¨mudk,ftpdwftydkif;rsm;
a&mif;0,faom *dkPf;udk ajc&mcHrd
[efusdK;? ar-29
w½kwfEdkifiH [efusdK;NrdKUrS &Jwyf
zGJUonf vlYudk,fwGif;t*Fg t
pdwftydkif;rsm;udk w&m;r0if
a&mif;0,fazmufum;aeaom
*dkPf;wpf*dkPf;tm; ajc&mcHrdcJh
NyD; oHo,w&m;cHESpfOD;udk zrf;
qD;rdcJhaMumif; xkwfjyefcJhonf/
,cktrIukd tifwmeufay:wGif
ausmufuyfrsm; a&mif;csow
l pf
OD;udk azmfxkwf&mrS uGif;quf
rsm; awGUrdcJhjcif;jzpfonf/
azmfxw
k cf sut
f & uGru
f sKd ;
NrdKUawmf usef*ef;c½dkifrS qif;&J
om;vli,ftcsdKUonf aiGaMu;
tusyt
f wnf;aMumihf ausmuf
uyfrsm; a&mif;cs&ef BuKd ;pm;cJh Ny;D
arSmifcdk0,folrsm;u ausmuf

uyfwpfct
k wGuf ysr;f rQ ,Graf iG
35ç000 (a':vm 5ç521)cefY
ay;aMumif;od&onf/ odkYaomf
arSmifcdkorm;rsm;onf ¤if;wdkY
0,f,lxm;aom ausmufuyf
rsm;ud k arS m if c d k a ps;uG u f w G i f
,GrfESpfodef;rS ig;odef;aps;txd
aps;wufum wpfqifjh yefa&mif;
pm;aeaMumif;qdo
k nf/ [efusKd ;
&JwyfzGJUonf arSmifcdk*dkPf;udk
ajc&mcHcJh&m oHo,&Sdaom
w&m;cHESpfOD;udk [leefjynfe,f
wGif zrf;rdxm;NyD; w½kwfEkdifiH
wGif;&Sd tjcm;NrdKUrsm;rS qufET,f
aeaom *dkPf;0ifrsm;udk pHkprf;
ppfaq;aeaMumif; od&onf/
—Ref:Xinhua

tar&duefurf;ajcwGif wlemig;rsm;ü
*syefivsifrS a&'D,dkowÅd<uypönf;rsm; awGU&Sd
0g&Sifwef? ar-29
tar&duefodyHÜynm&Sifrsm;\
rMumao;rDu avhvmrItopf
wpfct
k & ,refEpS f Mo*kwv
f t
wGif; u,fvDzdk;eD;,m;&Sd qef'D
a,*dk urf;ajcwGif zrf;rdcahJ om
wlemig;rsm;wGif a&'D,o
kd wå<d u
tdkifqdkwkyf "mwfypönf;rsm; yg
0ifaeonfudk awGU&Sd&aMumif;
od&onf/ okawoDrsm;onf
¤if;wkdY\ awGU&Sdcsufudk trsdK;
om;odyÜHtu,f'rDpmapmif\
tGev
f idk ;f rlwiG f yHEk ydS af zmfjycJjh cif;
jzpfonf/ ¤if;wdu
Yk wlemig;rsm;
ü awGUcJh&aom a&'D,dkowåd
<uypönf;rsm;onf vlYusef;rm
a&;ukd xdckdufEkdifavmufonfh
yrmPr&SdaMumif; qdkcJhNyD; xdk
ig;rsm;onf *syefEdkifiHwGif zlul
&SD;rm; EsLpuf½Hk"mwfa&mifjcnf

,dkpdrfhrItNyD;awGU&aom wlem
ig;rsm;wGif a&'D,o
dk wå<d u"mwf
rsm; yg0if a eyH k E S i h f wl n D a e
aMumif; ajymonf/ xdkYaMumihf
okawoepmwrf;wGif ]]'DawGU
&SdcsufawGu ñTefjyaewmu
awmh ypdzw
d w
f el mig;awG[m *s
yefrSm&SdwJh a&'D,o
dk wå<d u"mwf
awG xGufay:&m &if;jrpfwpfck
uae ork'&´ mtwGi;f a&TUajymif;
&mrSm o,f,v
l mEkid w
f m jzpfEdkif
ygw,f}}[k azmfjycJhonf/
*syefEikd if w
H iG f2011rwfv
u ivsifESihf qlemrDaMumihf vl
axmifcsaD oqH;k cJ&h Ny;D zlu&l rDS m;
EsLpuf½HkwGifvnff; "mwfa&mif
jcnf,dkpdrfhrIrsm;jzpfyGm;um av
xk? ajrxkESihf a&xkxJodkY a&'D
,d k o wå d < urI r sm; jyef Y y G m ;cJ h &
—Ref:AFP
onf/

53

International

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

vkdufab;&D;,m; or®wa[mif; ppf&mZ0wfrIrsm;jzifh axmif'PfESpf 50 us cE¨mudk,ftpdwftydkif; arSmifcdkaps;uGuf
BuD;xGm;ae

Photo - Reuters

vef'ef? ar - 30
e,fomvefEdkifiH onf[d*fNrdKU&Sd
EkdifiHwum w&m;½kH;onf ,cif
vkdufab;&D;,m;or®wa[mif;
csm;vfpfawvmtm; ¤if;\&m
Z0wf r I r sm;tm;vH k ; twG u f
axmif'PfESpf 50 csrSwfvdkuf
aMumif ; od & onf / onf [ d * f
EdkifiHwum w&m;½kH;awmf\ t
xl;cHk½kH;rS qD&D;,m;vD,Gefw&m;
olBuD; &pfcswfvyfqpfu ]]w
&m;olBuD;tzJGU[m w&m;cHudk
¤if;yg0ifcJhwJh jypfrItm;vHk;t
wGuf axmif'PfESpf 50 wnD
wñG w f w nf ; csrS w f v k d u f y g
w,f / w&m;cH [ m vl o m;xk
orkdif;rSm tvGefaMumufp&m
aumif;wJh &mZ0wfrw
I csKUd rSm yg
0ifjcif;? tm;ay;ulnDjcif;awG
jyKvyk rf t
I wGuf wm0ef&w
dS mudk
awGU&SdcJh&ygw,f}}[k ajymMum;
onf/
touf 64 ES p f t &G , f

or®wa[mif; csm;vfpfawvm
onf ¤if;tkyfpkd;pOf vkdufab;
&D;,m;jynfwiG ;f ppfumv19912001 twGi;f qD;&D;,m; vD,eG f
\ awmf v S e f a &;wyf a ygif ; pk
RUF udkulnDaxmufyHhay;um

ppf&mZ0wfrIrsm;ESifh vlom;rsKd;
EG,ftay: usL;vGefaom &mZ
0wfrpI cGJ suf 11 ckjzifh {NyD 26 wGif
w&m;pJGqdkcHcJh&jcif;jzpfonf/
w&m;½k;H uawvmonfvlowf
rk'rd ;f rIEiS hftouf 15 ESpaf tmuf

uav;rsm;udk twif;tusyf
ppfxJ0ifckdif;cJhovdk olykefrsm;
u vufaqmifay;aompdefrsm;
udkvnf; &,lcJhzl;aMumif; ajym
Mum;onf/
—Ref: Telegraph

*sDeDAm? ar - 30
vlu
Y ,
kd cf E¨mtpdwt
f ydik ;f rsm;udk
w&m;r0if0,f,í
l jyKvyk af om
cJGpdwfukorIaygif; wpfESpfvQif
10ç000 cefYjzpfay:aeaMumif;
qGpfZmvefEkdifiHrS urÇmhusef;rm
a&;tzJGUBuD;\ uRrf;usifynm
&Sifrsm;u ajymMum;onf/
,if;odkYw&m;r0iftpdwf
tydik ;f arSmifcadk ps;uGuüf 0,f,l
rIrsm;wGif ausmufuyfa&mif;
0,fjcif;rSm 75 &mcdkifEIef;yg0if
aMumif;ESifh ,if;odkYjzpf&jcif; rSm
vltrsm;tjym;wGif qD;csKda&m
*g? aoG;wdk;a&m*gESifh ESvHk;a&m
*gjzpf y G m ;rI r sm;jym;vmaom
aMumifhjzpfonf[k urÇmhusef;
rma&;tzJGU t&m&SdwpfOD;jzpfol
a'gufwmvkcfEkd0,fu ajym
Mum;onf/
]]w&m;r0if udk,fcE¨mt

pd w f t yd k i f ; a&mif ; 0,f r I [ m
2006 eJY 2007 ckESpfawGrSm us
qif;cJhygw,f/ 'gayrhJ ,ckwpf
zefjyefNyD; BuD;xGm;vmwJhyHkygyJ/
'D w &m;r0if a &mif ; 0,f r I r S m
t jrwfuvnf; Murf;awmh qJG
aqmifrI&Sdaeygw,f}} [ka'guf
wmvkcfu ajymonf/
2010 ckESpftwGif;urÇmh
usef;rma&;tzJGU0ifEdkifiHaygif;
95 Ekid if w
H iG f ud,
k cf E¨mtpdwt
f
yk d i f ; tpm;xd k ; uk o rI a ygif ;
106ç879 ck&SdcJhNyD; ,if;rS 68
&mcdkifEIef;ausmfrSm ausmufuyf
tpm;xd k ; jcif ; jzpf a Mumif ; ES i f h
¤if ; ta&twG u f r S m urÇ m wpf 0ef;vkt
d yfcsu\
f 10 &mckid f
EIef;om &Sdonf[k urÇmhusef;rm
a&;tzJGU\ okawoewpf&yf
wGif awGU&SdcJhaMumif; od&onf/
—Ref: UPI

urÇmvHk;qdkif&m ukefoG,fa&;ESifh ukefpnf o,f,lydkYaqmifrIwGif xdyfqkH;ü pifumyl&yfwnf
pifumyl? ar - 30
urÇmhpD;yGm;a&;zkd&rf WEF ESifh
urÇmb
h Pfwu
dYk urÇmph ;D yGm;a&;
pG r f ; aqmif r I r sm;ud k wk d i f ; wm
owfrSwfum jyKpkcJhonfh pm&if;
ESpfckwGif pifumylonf urÇm
vH;k qdik &f m ukeo
f ,
G af &;ESihf ukef
pnfo,f,lydkYaqmifrIwGif eH
ygwfwpfae&mrsm; toD;oD;&cJh
aMumif ; od & onf / pif u myl
onf WEF \ukefoG,fa&;jzpf
xG e f ; aprI ñT e f ; ud e f ; ETI ES i f h
urÇmb
h Pf\ ukepf nfo,f,yl Ykd
aqmif r I pG r f ; aqmif & nf ñ T e f

ud e f ; LPI wk d Y w G i f eH y gwf w pf
ae&mrsm; toD;oD;&cJhjcif;jzpf
onf/
ETI pm&if;rSm EdkifiHaygif;
132 ekdifiHudk pm&if;jyKpk tqifh
owf r S w f x m;cJ h j cif ; jzpf N yD ;
aumif;pGmzJUG pnf;xm;aom ukef
oG,fa&;tzGJUtpnf;rsm;? rl0g'
rsm;? ukefpnfpD;qif;rI jrefqef
apaom 0efaqmifrrI sm;aMumifh
pifumylu eHygwfwpfjzpfcJhjcif;
jzpfonf/ ETI pm&if;wGif rav;
&Sm;ESifh tif'dkeD;&Sm;uJhodkYaom
tjcm;tmqD,HEkdifiHrsm;vnf;

tar&duefwGif tvkyfvufrJh
tusKd;cHpm;cGifhumv avQmhcs
0g&Sifwef? ar - 31
azazmf0g&DvwGif csrSwfcJhaom
pnf;urf;csut
f opfrsm;aMumifh
tar&d u ef E d k i f i H o m; axmif
aygif;rsm;pGmonf tvkyfvuf
rJhtusKd;cHpm;cGifhrsm;udk tcsdef
wm&S n f p G m cH p m;cG i f h & &S d a wmh
rnfr[kwfaMumif; od&onf/
pD;yGm;a&;qkwf,kwfrI um
vt&SdeftjrifhqHk;tcsdefwGif t
ar&duef vTwfawmfu Oya'
wpf&yf jy|mef;cJhNyD; tvkyfvuf
rJhtusKd;cHpm;cGifhtm; &ufowå
ywf 99 ywftxd cHpm;cGifhjyKcJh
onf/ ,if;Oya't& tvkyf
vufrJhrsm;onf yHkrSefajcmufv
umvxufyí
kd tvkyv
f ufrjhJ zpf
aeygu z,f ' &,f t pd k ; &\
axmufyHhrIrsm; &&SdcJhonf/ az

azmf0g&DvwGif ,if;Oya'tm;
vTwaf wmfu xyfrí
H oufwrf;
wk;d cJah omfvnf; cHpm;cGit
hf wGuf
owfrw
S cf surf sm;udv
k nf; wd;k jri§ hf
vkdufonf/
,cktcgwGif jynfe,foHk;
ckuom 99 ywftvkyfvufrJh
tusKd;cHpm;cGifhudk usifhoHk;awmh
rnfjzpfNyD; pufwifbmvwGif
,if;pepfuv
kd nf; usio
hf ;kH awmh
rnf r[kwfay/
vuf & S d w G i f tar&d u ef
Edik if o
H m;aygif; ig;oef;ausmrf mS
ajcmufvxufydkí tvkyfvuf
rJhjzpfaeNyD; ,if;rSm vGefcJhaom
2 ESpfumv ajcmufoef;ausmf
rS usqif;vmjcif;jzpfonf/
—Ref: Reuters

tqifhwdk;wufvmcJhNyD; w½kwf
ESifh tar&duefuJhodkY ydkrdktif
tm;BuD;aom pD;yGm;a&;EkdifiH
rsm;rSm pGrf;aqmif&nftqifh

usqif;cJhonf/
urÇmhbPf\ ukefpnfydkY
aqmif r I ñ T e f ; ud e f ; LPI wG i f
155 EkdifiHyg0ifNyD; pifumylu

eH y gwf w pf a e&m&cJ h u m t
aumufcGefvkyfief;qdkif&m 0ef
aqmifrIrsm;? ukefpnfwifydkYrI
rsm;wGif tcsdeftuefYtowfr

&Sdaqmif&Gufay;EdkifrIrsm;aMum
ifh xdyfqHk;odkY a&muf&SdcJhjcif; jzpf
onf/
—Ref: Asiaone

54

International

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

*sD;[wfrsm;\ trmcHe,fajr tuf,ef;c½dkifNrdKUawmf
Zif*sDbmNrdKU\ ajrmufbuf *smtmNrdKUe,fteD;wGif
,Drifppfom;rsm; wifhum;jzifh ypfcwfaeonfudk
arv 30 &ufu awGU&pOf/ ,DrifwyfzUJG rsm;onf Edik if H
awmifydkif;wGif t,fvfudkif'gopömcHrsm;tm; quf
vufí xdk;ppfrsm; qifETJaeMuonf/
Photo - AFP

*sLvD,eftufqef;udk qDG'ifodkY
jynfESif'Pfay;&ef NAdwdefw&m;½kH; qHk;jzwf
vef'ef? ar - 30
vdifrIa&;&mpGyfpJGrIrsm;ESifh ywf
oufí 0DuDvdcfwnfaxmifol
*sLvD , ef t uf q ef ; ud k qD G ' if
Ekid if o
H Ykd e,fEiS 'f Pfay;Ekid o
f nf
[k NAw
d ed w
f &m;½k;H csKyu
f qH;k jzwf
vku
d af Mumif; od&onf/ ,if;t
wGuf 18 vMum Oya'wdkufyJG
rsm; qifETJcJhaom MopaMw;vs
EkdifiHom;twGuf a&G;cs,fp&m
r&Sdoavmuf jzpfoGm;onf[k
½d k u f w mowif ; wG i f azmf j y
onf/
¤if;tm; Oa&my zrf;0&rf;
jzifh zrf;qD;jcif;rSm w&m;r0if
[lí *sLvD,eftufqef;\ xk
acsvTmudk NAdwdefw&m;½kH;csKyf
w&m;olBuD;rsm;u oabmrwl
bJaxmufcHrJ 5 rJ? uefYuGufrJ

2 rJjzifh y,fcscJhonf/ odkYaomf
¤if;wdkY\ qHk;jzwfcsufudk pdef
ac:&ef w&m;½kH;csKyfu tuf
qef;\ a&SUaersm;tm; tcsdef
ESpfywfay;xm;onf/ ,if;um
vtwGif; *sLvD,eftufqef;
tm;qD'G ifEikd if o
H Ykd e,fEiS jf cif;udk
vnf;qdkif;iHhxm;rnfjzpfonf/
0D u D v d c f 0 uf b f q d k u f t
wGufulnDvkyfudkifay;ol trsKd;
orD;ESpfOD;udk rk'drf;rIESifh vdif
ydkif;qkdif&m jypfrIrsm;usL;vGefcJh
onfqdkaom pGyfpJGcsufrsm;t
wGuf qDG'ifEkdifiHu *sLvD,ef
tufqef;tm; ppfaq;ar;jref;
vkdovdk *sLvD,eftufqef;u
tar&duefEdkifiHodkY ¤if;tm;ydkY
aqmifrnfudk pdk;&drfaeonf/
—Ref: Reuters

wmwdkypfEsL'Hk;usnf ygupöwefprf;oyf
&m0gyif'D? ar - 30
EsLuvD;,m;xdyzf ;l o,faqmif
Ekid af om ajrjyifrS ajrjyifypfwm
wd'k ;kH usnw
f pfpif;tm;ygupöwef
Edik if u
H prf;oyfypfvw
T cf ahJ Mumif;
ygupöweftpkd;&u ar 29 &uf
wGif ajymMum;onf/
Half Ix NASR 'Hk;usnfypf
vTwfrItm; ygupöwefEdkifiH\
r[mAsL[majrmufwyfzJGUrsm;rS
t&m&Srd sm;? ygupöwefoyd yHÜ nm
&S i f r sm;ES i f h tif * sif e D , mrsm;
Munhf½IcJhaMumif; owif;wGif
azmfjyonf/

NASR 'Hk;usnfonf ygu
pöwefEdkifiH\ umuG,fa&; t
[efYtwm; pGrf;&nfrsm;udk ydkrdk
cdkifrmvmapNyD; a'owGif;Nidrf;
csrf ; a&;ud k aocsmaprnf [ k
ygupöwef r[mAsL[m ajrmuf
pD r H u d e f ; rsm;Xme 'k w d , ñT e f
Mum;a&;rS L ;csKyf j zpf o l 'k w d
,Ad kvfcsKyfBuD;cgvpftmruf
upf 0DuajymMum;onf/
,ckprf;oyfcJhaom wmwdk
ypf'Hk;usnf a&muf&SdEkdifaom
tuG m ta0;rS m 37 rk d i f j zpf
aMumif; od&onf/ —Ref: UPI

a':vmtm; Mum;cHxm;í ukefoG,fjcif;udk
w½kwfESifh *syef pwif zsufodrf;
wdkusKd? ar - 29
*syeftpkd;&onf w½kwfESifh aiG
aMu;a&mif;0,frItwGuf a':
vmtm;Mum;cH,lepftjzpfxm;
í zvS,fa&mif;0,faejcif;udk
yxrqH k ; tBud r f t jzpf pwif
zsufodrf;um wdkuf½dkufaiGaMu;
a&mif;0,frI jyKvkyfawmhrnf
jzpf a Mumif ; od & onf / *syef
b@ma&;0efBuD; *ReftZlrDu
w½kwfESifh *syefEkdifiHtMum; xdk
odYkoabmwlncD suo
f nf ,ef;aiG
ESifh ,GrfaiGaygufaps;pepfudk
a':vmaps;EIef;Mum;cHxm;jcif;
rSz,fxkwfum wdkuf½dkufa&mif;
0,fvv
J ,
S o
f nhf yHpk jH zpfaprnf
[kajymonf/
,ckuJhodkY aqmif&Gufcsuf
onf urÇmh'kwd,ESifh wwd,

tBuD;qHk; pD;yGm;a&;EkdifiHrsm;jzpf
aom w½kwEf iS *hf syefEidk if t
H Mum;
ukefoG,fa&;ESifh &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrI
wdk;wufa&;twGuf t&Sdefjr§ifh
aprnf[kqdkonf/ a'gif;*sKef;
owif;Xmeuvnf; ]]vmr,fh
ZG e f 1 &uf u pvk d Y ,ef ; -,G r f
aiGvJvS,fEIef;udk aps;uGufawG
rSmñTefjyay;oGm;rSmyg/ wdkuf
½dkufaiGvJvS,f ukefoG,frIudk
wdk;wufapygvdrfhr,f}} [kazmf
jyxm;onf/
w½k w f E k d i f i H o nf 2010
wGif *syefukd ausmí
f urÇm'h w
k ,
d
tBuD;qH;k pD;yGm;a&;Ekid if H jzpfvm
NyD; *syef\ tBuD;qHk;ukefoG,f
zufEdkifiHvnf; jzpfvmonf/
—Ref: AFP

55

International

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

Photo - AFP

oHwrefwpfOD; *syefwGif
olvQdKvkyfonfqdkjcif;udk
w½kwftpdk;& jiif;qdk

qD;&D;,m;ESifU ywfoufí ½k&Sm;EkdifiH &yfwnfcsufudk ajymif;rnfr[kwf[kqkd
armfpudk? ar - 31
½k&Sm;EkdifiHonf qD;&D;,m;EkdifiH
ES i f h y wf o uf o nf h ¤if ; \ &yf
wnf c suf u d k ajymif ; vJ r nf r
[kwfaMumif;ESifh armfpudktm;
zdtm;ay;&ef BudK;yrf;rIrsm;rSm
vnf; oifhavsmfrIr&SdaMumif;
½k &Sm;or®w Avm'Drmylwif\
ajymcGifh&yk*¾dKvfu ajymMum;
onf
]]½k & S m ;zuf ' a&;&S i f ; u
wpfpdkufrwfrwf &yfwnfcJhwJh

vrf;aMumif;twkdif; qufoGm;
vdrfhr,fvkdY arQmfvifhwmurS
t"dyÜm,f&Sdygvdrfhr,f}} [k rpö
wmylwif\ *smreDESifh jyifopf
EkdifiHtvnftywfc&D;pOf t
wGif; ajymcGifh&yk*¾dKvf 'DrDx&D
yufpfaumhu ajymMum;onf/
rpöwmylwifonf ¤if;\
wdkawmif;aom c&D;pOfrsm;t
wGi;f *smreDt"dywdrpörmu,f
ESifh jyifopfor®wrpöwma[mf
vef'DwdkYESifh awGUqHkoGm;rnfjzpf

onf/ ,ckc&D;pOfrSm arv 7
&ufwGif ½k&Sm;or®w jzpfvmNyD;
aemufydkif; rpöwmylwif\
yxrOD;qH;k Ekid if jH cm; c&D;pOf wpf
pdwfwpfydkif; jzpfonf/
½k&Sm;EkdifiHonf qD;&D;,m;
or®w bm&Sm;t,fvt
f mqwf
tpkd;&udk ½Iwfcs&ef taemuf
EkdifiHrsm;\ BudK;yrf;rIrsm;udk r
axmufco
H vkd tmqwf&mxl;rS
z,f&Sm;a&;udkvnf; tm;ray;
ay/ rMumao;rD&ufrsm;twGi;f

[l;vm;a'owGif jzpfay:cJah om
tpkvkduftNyHKvkduf owfjzwfrI
rsm;rSm qD;&D;,m;wyfzJGUrsm;\
vufcsuf[k taemufEkdifiHrsm;
utjypfwifaomfvnf; ,if;
twGuf qD;&D;,m;tpdk;&ESifh t
wdkuftcHESpfzufpvHk;udk tjypf
wif&rnf[k ½k&Sm;EkdifiHjcm;a&;
0efBuD; qm*sv
D ufAaf &mhu ajym
Mum;cJhonf/
—Ref: Reuters

ab*sif;? ar - 30
w½kwfoHwrefwpfOD;onf *syefEdkifiHwGif vQKdU0Sufaxmuf
vSr;f a&;vkyif ef;rsm;ü yg0ifywfoufco
hJ nfqjkd cif;udk ab*si;f
uvH;k 0tajctjrpfr&S[
d k jiif;qdv
k u
dk o
f nf/ odaYk omf ¤if;oH
wrefrSm w½kwfEdkifiHodkY jyefvnfa&mufvmNyDqdkjcif;udkrl
twnfjyKajymMum;onf/
touf 45 ESpft&G,f oHwrefonf w½kwfaxmuf
vSrf;a&;Xme t&m&Sda[mif;wpfOD;jzpfNyD; wdkusKdNrdKUw½kwf
oH½kH;wGif yxrtwGif;0eftjzpf wm0efxrf;aqmifcJhum
vQKdU0SufaxmufvSrf;a&; olvQKdwpfOD;jzpfonf[k ajymqdkrI
rsm;&SdaepOf *syefEkdifiHrSxGufajy;oGm;cJhonf[k *syef usKd'kd
owif;Xmeu azmfjycJhonf/
]]olvQKd vyk w
f ,fvYdk pGypf x
GJ m;wJo
h wif;awG[m vH;k 0udk
tajctjrpfr&Sdygbl;}} [k w½kwfEdkifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD;Xme
ajymcGi&hf yk*Kd¾ vf rpöwmvSLa0rif;u owif;axmufrsm;tm;
ajym Mum;onf/
,if;oHwref\trnfrSm rpöwmvDcsef*Grf;[k w½kwf
ajymcGi&hf yk*Kd¾ vu
f xkwaf zmfajymMum;Ny;D rpöwmvDrmS w½kwf
vlrIa&;odyÜHtu,f'rDrS ynm&SifwpfOD;jzpfum *syefEdkifiH
w½kwfoH½kH;pD;yGm;a&;u@wGif wm0efxrf;aqmifaeol[k
ajymcGifh&yk*¾dKvfu ajymMum;onf/
—Ref: AFP

Vol.9,
Vol.11,
No.29
No.13
 October
 June 7 ,72012
, 2010

*smreDuay;tyfaom
a&ikyfoabFmrsm;wGif
EsLvufeufrsm;
tpöa&; wyfqifae

'gemavaMumif;vdkif;rS c&D;onfwifav,mOfwpfpD;
ysufusoGm;&mae&mwGif &[wf,mOfwpfpD; ysH0Jae
onfukd ZGev
f 3 &ufu awGU&pOf/ tbl*smrS vm;*dpYk Nf rKd U
odkY vlaygif; 153 OD;udk o,faqmifysHoef;cJhaom av
,mOfysufusrIaMumifh c&pf,mefbk&m;&Sdcdk;ausmif;
wpfausmif;? vlaetdrf ESpfxyftaqmufttHkESifh
yHEk ydS w
f u
kd f wpfck rD;avmifysupf ;D cJNh y;D ysupf ;D oGm;aom
taqmufttHrk sm;atmufrS tavmif; 10 avmif;udk
ta&;ay: u,fq,fa&;vkyo
f m;rsm; z,f&mS ;cJo
h nf/
Photo - AFP

Edkif*sD;&D;,m; av,mOfysufusrI vdkufygvmol 153 OD;vHk;aoqHk;
vm;*dkYpf? ZGef - 4
vlaygif; 153 OD; o,faqmif
vmaom c&D ; onf w if av
,mOfwpfpD; Ekdif*sD;&D;,m;EkdifiH
vm;*dkYpfNrdKUwGif ysufuscJh&m av
,mOfay:ygoltm;vHk; aoqHk;
oGm;onf[,
k q
l &Ny;D av,mOf

ysuf u s&m ae&mwG i f v nf ;
rD ; avmif j yif B uD ; jzpf o G m ;um
taqmufttHkrsm;vnf; ysuf
pD;oGm;aMumif;od&onf/
ajrjyifay:wGifvnf; vl
tcsKdU aoqHk;oGm;onf[k ,Hk

udkzDtmeef\ Nidrf;csrf;a&;tpDtpOfrSm
wpfckwnf;aom a&G;cs,fp&m[k ½k&Sm;ajymMum;

Munf&aMumif; av,mOfysuf
usNy;D ysupf ;D oGm;aomtaqmuf
ttHak tmufrS ½kyt
f avmif; 10
avmif;udk z,f&mS ;cJ&h aMumif; t
a&;ay:u,fq,fa&;t&m&Sd
wpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/

Ekdif*sD;&D;,m;or®w *Gwf
vyf*Refeoefu av,mOfysuf
us&mwG i f aoqH k ; ol r sm;t
wGuf 0rf;enf;rItxdrf;trSwf
oHk;&ufwm aMunmxm;NyD;
pHkprf;ppfaq;rIrsm; jyKvkyfoGm;

rnf[u
k wday;xm;onf/ u,f
q,f a &;orm;rsm;uvnf ;
avqdyfteD; av,mOfysufus
oGm;&m&yfuGufrS touf&Sif
usefolrsm;udk &SmazGqGJxkwfae
Muonf/
pm(45)odkY

NAdwdefbk&ifrBuD; t,fvdZbuf eef;wufpdef&wkobif qifETJ

pm(36)odkY

Photo - AFP

armfpudk? ZGef - 4
ukvor*¾EiS hf tm&yftzGUJ csKyf txl;uk,
d pf m;vS,f udzk t
D meef\ Nird ;f
csrf;a&;tpDtpOfrSm qD;&D;,m;EdkifiHwGifjzpfay:aeaomy#dyu©udk
ajz&Sif;a&;twGuf oihfavsmfonfh wpfckwnf;aom enf;vrf;jzpf
aMumif; ½k&mS ;Ekid if jH cm;a&;0efBuD;u rpöwmudzk t
D meeftm;ajymMum;
onf[k od&onf/
pm(45)odkY

yGifhvif;vmaom usL;bm;

bmvif? ZGef - 4
tpöa&;EkdifiHonf *smreDEkdifiHrS
b@ma&;yHyh ;kd rIrsm;jzih&f ,lxm;
onfh a&ikyfoabFmrsm;wGif EsL
uvD;,m;xdyfzl;wyfqifxm;
aom 'Hk;usnfrsm;wyfqifae
aMumif; MoZmBu;D rm;onfh*smreD
tywfpOf owif;pmapmif pyD;
*Jvfu a&;om;xm;onf/
,if;twGuaf Mumifh *smreD
EkdifiHwGif aqG;aEG;jiif;cHkrIrsm;
jzpfay:vmEkdifaMumif; pyD;*Jvf
r*¾Zif;u rsufESmzHk;owif;wGif
azmfjyxm;onf/ bmvifurl
,cktcsed x
f d¤if;wkaYd &ikyo
f abFm
rsm;wGiftpöa&;u tPkjrLvuf
eufrsm; wyfqiftoHk;jyKae
onfqkdjcif;udk rod&Sdyg[k ajym
Mum;vsuf&Sdonf/
tpöa&;EkdifiHwGif *smreD
a&ikyfoabFmrsm; toHk;jyKae
aMumif; tpöa&;Ekid if jH cm;a&;0ef
Bu;D Xme ajymcGi&fh yk*K¾d vf,D*,fvf
ygvfrmu twnfjyKajymMum;
onf/
pm(45)odkY

bmvif? ZGef - 4
NAw
d ed b
f &k ifrBu;D t,fvZd buf-2 onf
rd r d \ eef ; wuf p d e f & wk o bif t crf ;
tem;rsm;odw
Yk ufa&muf&if; oabFmESifh
avStpD;a& 1000 yg0ifaom odrf;jrpf
twGif; oabFmrsm;pDwef;vSnfhvnf
jyo&mü awmf0ifoabFmpD;í yg0ifqif
ETJcJhaMumif;od&onf/
bk&ifrBuD;onf teDa&mifESihf a&T
a&mif qifjref;xm;aom Spirit of Chartwell oabFmudp
k ;D í jrpftwGi;f pkeq
f if;
cJhonf/ tcrf;tem;wGif rD;oabFmrsm;?
orÁefrsm;ESifh vufcwfavS 1ç000 yg0if
pm(45)odkY
qifETJcJhonf/

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

vufpm;acsjcif;rSonf . . .
,ckvuf&jdS zpfay:aeaom vlrsKd ;
a&;qefqef jyóemrsm;rS wpf
qihf t"du½kP;f jzpf&yfrsm;odYk OD;
wnfrvmap&ef jynfolrsm;u
arQmfvihfvsuf&SdMuNyD; jzpfyGm;cJh
aom jzpf&yfrsm;tay:wGiv
f nf;
pkd;&drfylyefrIrsm; &SdaeMuNyDjzpf
onf/
trItcif;wpfckrS tpysdK;
í vlrsdK;a&;y#dyu©ESihf tMurf;
zufrrI sm; toGiaf qmifvmonfh
jzpf&yfrsm;tay:wGif Ekid if aH wmf
tpdk;&tygt0if EdkifiHa&;ygwD
rsm;? 'Drdkua&pDtiftm;pkrsm;
taejzifh wpfpHkwpf&mwkHYjyefrI
tjrefqHk; rjyKvkyfjcif;tay:
jynfoltrsm;pku a0zefajymqdk
vsuf &SdMuonf/
,ck ZGev
f 3 &ufu aemuf
qHk;jzpfay:cJhaom jzpfpOfonf
xdcdkufvG,faom aemufcHt
aMumif;&if;rsm; wnf&Sdaeonf
udk owdjyKvsuf ydkrdkBuD;rm;ysHUESHY
vmjcif;r&Sdap&ef a&SU½IOD;wnf
MuapvkdaMumif;? txufwef;
usaom pdwf"mwfrsm;udk arG;jrL
vsuf aoG;qlaoG;<uvG,af om
taetxm;ü ,rf;tHkudk rD;ESihf
½dUI ovkrd jzpf&efvnf; wdu
k w
f eG ;f
vkyd gaMumif; Ekid if aH &;aqmif;yg;
&Sif rSL;aZmfu ¤if;\ vlrIuGef
&ufpmrsuEf mS wGif a&;om;xm;
onf/

]]uRefawmfuawmh 'grsdK;
awG rjzpfapcsifbl;/ rsufvHk;
wpfvHk;qHk;½HI;rItwGuf rsuv
f ;kH
wpfv;kH jyef tavsmaf wmif;aMu;
qd&k if urÇmay:rSm &So
d rQval wG
tuef;csnf;yJ jzpfrS tqHk;owf
rSmyJqdkwJh r[wår*ED´ pum;udk
yJ ,loHk;&rSmaygh/ 'Dvkd wkHYjyef
enf ; eJ Y q d k b,f a wmh r S tqH k ;
owfrmS r[kwaf wmhb;l / 'Dawmh
tMurf;zufrq
I w
kd muawmhb,f
awmhrS aumif;wJh tajz&Smenf;
rS r[kwfwm/ aoG;xGufoH,dk
eJYyJ tqHk;owfrSmyJ}}[k rHk&GmNrdKU
wGif tifwmeufqkdifzGifhvSpf
xm;ol touf 30 0ef;usift
&G,f udkatmifaersdK;u ol\ t
jrifudk ajymonf/
bDbDpD owif;XmerS udck sKd
uvnf; vuf&jdS zpf&yfrsm;tay:
]]vlrsdK;a&;? bmoma&; 0d0g' uGJ
Muw,fqw
kd m vufcEH idk w
f hJ udpö
yg/ Oya'rJh aqmif&Gufwm? w
&m;rJh t&SuftaMumuf tqif
jcifrJh jyKusifhwmawG[m 21 &m
pk jrefrmjynfeJY rxdkufoifhawmh
ygbl;/ 'gawGukd jrefrmjynfwiG ;f
aeoltm;vHk;u vufcHMuzdkY vkd
ygw,f/ todjrifhzdkY tod&ifhzdkY
vkdw,fvdkYyJ ½dk½dkusdK;usdK; ajym
csifygw,f}}[k ol\tjrifudk
zGifh[onf/
trSm;rsm;udk usL;vGefcJhol

wdkY\ vlrsdK;ESihf bmomwlwdkYudk
qGo
J iG ;f um vufpm;acsouJo
h Ykd
jyKrljcif;rsm; jyKvkyfaeygu jy
óemrsm;rSm oHo&m&Snfvm
vdrrhf nfjzpfaMumif; wcsKd Uuvnf;
oHk;oyfMuonf/
,aeYacwftajctaersm;
t&vnf; azhpb
f w
G cf u
f o
hJ aYkd om
vlrIuGef&uf rD'D,mrsm; tm;
aumif;vmcsed w
f iG f tjzpftysuf
wkdif;udk od&SdrIjrefqefvmouJh
odkY wjcm;ae&ma'orsm;okdYyg
jyóemul;pufrIuvnf; jref
qefvmEdkifaMumif;udk owdjyK
oifhMuaMumif; oHk;oyfrIrsm;&Sd
aeMuonf/
]]trSm;usL;vGecf w
hJ o
hJ al wG
udk txda&mufqHk; jypf'Pfay;
ypf&rSmyg/ tJ'Dvdkr[kwfbJ t
rSm;usL;vGefwJh olawGeJY vlrsdK;
wl bmomwlawGudk qGJxnfhNyD;
om vufpm;acsovdk jyKrlae
r,f q d k & if 'Dt"du½kPf;oHo
&mu Ny;D awmhr,frxifb;l / b,f
vdyk Jjzpfjzpf 'Dvdktajymif;tvJ
tajctaersKd ;rSm 'gawGjzpfwm
b,fot
Yl wGurf S raumif;ygbl;/
oufqkdif&mu vdr®myg;eyfpGmeJY
udik w
f ,
G af jz&Si;f oifyh gw,f}}[k
jynfwiG ;f bavmh*gwpfO;D jzpfol
aqmif;yg;&Sif udk*Ref(c)au*Ref
uqdkonf/
tajccHjyóemrsm;udkvuf

&Sdtpdk;&u udkifwG,fajz&Sif;ay;
Ekid jf cif; r&Sad o;onft
h wGuf ,
ckuJhodkY tMurf;zufrIyHkpH jzpf&yf
wcsdKUjzpfyGm;cJh&jcif;jzpfonf[k
jynfow
l pfO;D u ½Ijrifxm;onf/
]]tajccHjyóemrsm;udk t
pd;k &u udik w
f ,
G rf ajz&Si;f ay;Ekid f
ovdk EkdifiHa&;xGufaygufESyf
aMumif; ay;jcif;cH&w,fvdkY jrif
w,f / 'Drdkua&pDpepfrSm b,f
olrS Oya'tay:rSm r&Sb
d ;l / xdu
k f
wefwJh jypf'Pf&Sdw,f/ jynfol
vlxk&JU touftdk;tdrfpnf;pdrf
udk tjynfht0umuG,frIay;
w,f / wef ; wl n D r QygyJ / tck
oufqkdif&m&JU ta&;,laqmif
&GufrI zifhav;vdkY rjzpfoifhwm
jzpfvmwm Ekid if aH &;xGuaf yguf
yg}}[k touf 34 ES p f t &G , f
Senior System Engineer ukd
[ef0if;jrwfu ol\tjrifudk
ajymonf/
]]urÇmt
h aetxm;eJMY unfh
&if jrefrmawG wkdif;wpfyg;rSm
tvkyv
f yk af ewm trsm;Bu;D / rGwf
qvifEdkifiHawGrSm trsm;BuD;/
olwdkYu rif;wdkYwdkif;jynfrSmuGm
igwkdYbmomudk 'Dvdkvkyfw,f/
tck i gwk d Y tif t m;rsm;w,f /
rif;wdu
Yk kd jyefvyk rf ,fq&kd if uRef
awmfwkdY b,fvdkaeMurvJ}}[k
udk[ef0if;jrwfu qufajymyg
onf/

a':atmifqef;pkMunf NAw
d ed t
f vnftywfc&D;wGif ygvrD efü rdecYf eG ;f ajymrnf
vef'ef? ar - 20
jrefrmh'Drkdua&pDacgif;aqmif a':atmifqef;pkMunfonf ¤if;\ ZGefv NAdwdeftvnftywf c&D;pOfwGif NAdwdeftpkd;&\
{nhfonfawmftjzpf NAdwdoQygvDrefESpf&yfpvHk;tm; rdefYcGef;ajymMum;rnfjzpfaMumif; od&onf/
xdkYtjyif a':atmifqef;pkMunfonf 1960 jynfhESpfrsm;wGif olrausmif;wufcJhaom atmufpzdkY'fwuúodkvfrSvnf; *kPfxl;
aqmifbGJU vufcH&,lrnfjzpfonf/
a':atmifqef;pkMunfu NAdwdefEkdifiHü&SdaepOf olr\om;rsm;ESifh ajr;rsm;qDodkYvnf; oGm;a&mufvnfywfrnfjzpfonf/
xkdYtjyif a':atmifqef;pkMunfonf ZGefv 18 &ufaeYwGifpwifrnfh olr\ 24 ESpftwGif; tm&Swdkufjyify yxr OD;qHk;c&D;pOfwGif
—Ref: The Guardian
tkdif,mvefESifhaemfa0EkdifiHrsm;okdYvnf; oGm;a&mufvnfywfrnf[k arQmfvihf&onf/

EdkifiHydkifrD'D,myg vlrsdK;a&;qkdif&m toHk;tEIef;rsm;twGuf jyefvnfjyifqifrnf
&efukef?ZGef-5
&ckdifjynfe,fwGif ,ck&ufydkif;
twGi;f jzpfymG ;cJah om y#dyu©rsm;
ESihf ywfoufí ZGefv 5 &uf
aeYxkwf EkdifiHydkifowif;pmrsm;
wGif oHk;EIH;cJhaom toHk;tEIH;
tcsdKUESifhywfoufí ZGefv 6
&ufaeYxkwf owif;pmrsm;wGif
jyifqifazmfjy&ef pDpOfaeaMumif;

jyefMum;a&;0efBuD;XmerS ñTef
Mum;a&;rSL;csKyf OD;&Jx#G u
f ol\
udk,fydkifazhpfbGwfcfpmrsufESm
wGif ZGefv 5 &uf rGef;vGJydkif;u
a&;om;azmfjyonf/
OD;&JxG#fu ]]owif;pmrsm;
yg &ckdifjynfe,fowif;rsm;&JU
ta&;tom;tcsdKUeJY ywfouf
NyD; owif;eJY pme,fZif;vkyfief;

u reufjzefxw
k f owif;pmrsm;
rSm jyifqifazmfjyay;zdkY pDpOfae
aMumif; today;tyfygw,f/
b,folYudkrS xdcdkufepfemapvdk
wJh pdwfqE´r&SdbJ ta&;tom;
rS m ;,G i f ; rI ouf o uf o mjzpf
w,f}}[k a&;om;xm;onf/
ZGefv 5 &ufxkwf EkdifiHydkif
jrefrmhtvif;ESifh aMu;rHo
k wif;

pmrsm;u &ck d i f j ynf e ,f o
wif;rsm;wGif tpövmrfbmom
0ifrsm;udk ]]rGwfqvifukvm;}}
[k oHk;EIef;xm;cJhNyD; xdkodkY oHk;
EIe;f jcif;udk tpövmrfbmom0if
rsm;u pum;&yftay: axmuf
jyajymqdkvdkufjcif;jzpfonf/

NyD;cJhonfh arv 28 &uf
wG i f &ck d i f j ynf e ,f ? &rf ; NAJ N rd K U
e,f? ausmufeaD rmftykid ?f oajy
acsmifaus;&GmrS &ckdiftrsdK;orD;
i,f roD w maxG ; tm; vl r sd K ;
jcm;oHk;OD;u om;r,m;jyKusifh
um vnfyif;tm;"m; jzihfvSD;í
owfjzwfcJhrItay: &ckdifvlxk
tMum; rauseyfrIrsm;&SdaecJh
onf/
,ck ZG e f v 3 &uf nae
ydkif;wGif oHwGJrS &efukefodkY ½dk;r
opömta0;ajy;um;jzihf vku
d yf g
vmaom tpövmrfbmom0if
10 OD;udk awmifukwfNrdKUolNrdKU
om;rsm; pk½Hk;um um;ay:rSqGJ
csí owfjzwfcJhrIwpf&yf jzpf
ay:vmcJo
h nf/tqkyd gtavmif;
rsm;udk oHwGJNrdKUrS tpövmrfbm
om0ifrsm;u c½dik &f rJ LS ;BuD;tul
tnDjzifh vma&mufo,faqmif
cJhNyD; ZGefv 4 &uf aeYv,fwGif
oHwGJokomefü oN*ØK[fcJhonf
[k od&onf/
]]vlrsKd ;a&;y#dyu©rjzpfoifh
bl;/ vlrsdK;wpfckeJY wpfckapmf
um;wmvnf; rvkyfoifhbl;/

Ouúmudkudk

rjzpfapcsifwmawmh trSefyJ}}
[k &ckid jf ynfe,f? awmifuw
k Nf rKd U
om;wpfOD;jzpfaom uAsmq&m
vif;oPfnDu ajymonf/
&efuek w
f idk ;f a'oBuD;tpd;k
&tzGJUrS &ckdifwdkif;&if;om;a&;
&m0efBuD; OD;aZmfat;armifu
vnf ; ]]&ck d i f b uf u vk y f & if
&ckdifrSm;w,f/ rGwq
f vifbuf
uvkyf&ifvnf; rGwfqvifrSm;
w,f/ wpfa,mufeYJ wpfa,muf
bmrSrqdkifwJhvlawGudk rvkyf
oifhbl;}}[k ZGefv 3 &uf nae
ydik ;f u 7Day News \ ar;jref;rI
ud k zk e f ; jzih f j yef v nf a jzMum;
cJhonf/
]]jrefrmawGu ,Ofaus;
w,fqdk? onf;cHwwfw,fqdk?
bmomtqH k ; trud k tav;
xm;w,fq.kd ..b,fwpfcek rYJ S
rnDñGwfwJh vkyf&yfyg/ t&if
jyóemawG&JU tajzvnf; r
[kwyf gbl;/ b,fwek ;f urSvnf;
'Dvkdenf;vrf;awGeJY &Sif;vdkYrajy
vnfcJhygbl;}}[k bDbDpDowif;
XmerS udkcsdKu qdkvmonf/
tcsyfydk(D)odkY

pD;yGm;^ul;oef;u ukeo
f ,
G af &;qkid &f m
vkyfxHk;vkyfenf;ESpfck xyfrHajzavQmh
atmifol&
&efukef? ZGef - 4
pD;yGm;a&;ESihf ul;oef;a&mif;0,f
a&;0efBuD;Xmeu ZGefv 2 &uf
rSpí EkdifiHjcm;odkY ukefoG,f&m
wGif vkyfxHk;vkyfenf;ESpfcktm;
xyfraH jzavQmah y;vdu
k af Mumif;
pD;yGm;a&;ESihf ul;oef;a&mif;0,f
a&;0efBuD;Xme jynfaxmifp0k ef
BuD;OD;0if;jrihu
f ajymMum;onf/
]]vdkifpifavQmufwJhtcg
LC (Letter of Credit) eJYa&m
TT (Telegraph Transfer)eJYyg
cGijfh yKvu
dk Nf y/D aemuf ypön;f 0,f
wJhEkdifiHajym&if &NyD/ NrdKUa&;p&m
rvdkawmhbl;}}[k OD;0if;jrihfu
ajymMum;onf/
odkYaomf ,ck cGihfjyKaom
TT rSm After Arrival TT jzpfae
ojzihf ypönf;0,f&mwGif ESpf&if;
xnfhoHk;ae&aMumif; Farmer
Auto um;ta&mif ; pif w mrS
tkyfcsKyfrI'g½kdufwma'gufwm
pdk; xGef;uajymonf/

]]EkdifiHwumrSm oHk;wmu

Before Arrival TT aygh/ ydkufqH

a&mufNyD;rS oabFmwifay;wJh
pepf ? tck 'D r S m cG i f h j yKwmu
ypönf;a&mufrS ydkufqHay;wJh
pepf j zpf f a ew,f / 'gaMumif h
ypön;f 0,f&if ESp&f if;awmhxnfh
&w,f/ t&ifvdk pifumylbPf
awGudkawmh odyftm;udk;p&m
rvdkawmhbl;}}[k a'gufwmpdk;
xGef;uajymonf/
odkYaomf ukefypönf;0,f&m
wGif Ekid if u
H o
kd m azmfjycGijfh yKay;
aompepfrSm ypönf;wifoGif;ol
rsm;twG u f rsm;pG m tusKd ; &S d
aMumif; ukefonfrsm;uajym
onf/
]]NyD;cJhwJhvuyJ EkdifiHrSef
w,f? vdkifpifrSm ygwJhNrdKUeJY 0,f
wJNh rKd UvGaJ ew,fqNdk y;D ypön;f wpf
rsKd;udk aiGwpfodef;(usyf)ay;
vdkuf&w,f}}[k rlq,fa'orS
aqmufvkyfa&;ypönf;rsm; wif
ydkYaeolwpfOD;uajymonf/

B

tcsyfykd

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

u&ifjynfe,f&Sd ppfab;'PfcH
&efukef a&S;a[mif;taqmufttkHrsm;xdef;odrf;a&; aiGaMu;tcuftcJ&Sd
jynfolrsm;udk ulnDaxmufyHh&ef WFP pDpOf
tdjzLrGef? oef;aX;
&efukef? ar-28
Nidrf;csrf;a&; obmwlnDrI&&Sd
xm;aom u&ifjynfe,fwGif
pm;eyf&du©maxmufyHhrIrsm;ay;
&ef ukvor*¾pm;eyf&du©m tpD
tpOf (WFP)u ulnDaxmuf
yhH&rnfhpm&if;rsm;aumuf,lNyD;
uGif;qif;avhvmrIrsm; jyKvkyf
oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; WFP Xm
ae ud,
k pf m;vS,Ef iS hf jrefrmEkid if H
qkid &f m 'g½du
k w
f mrpöwm Carlos
Veloso u ajymonf/
jynfwiG ;f ppf'PfEpS af ygif;
60eD;yg;cHc&hJ aomu&ifjynfe,f
wGif rMumrD jyefvnfxlaxmif
a&;twGuf ukvor*¾tzJGUt
pnf;rsm;u ulnDaxmufyHhrnfh
owif;rsm;ESifh ywfoufí ar;
jref;&mü txufyg yk*d¾Kvf u
WFP tpDtpOfrsm; ajzMum;cJh
jcif;jzpfonf/
u&ifjynfe,fukd ulnaD y;
&ef pDpOfaeaMumif;? ulnDay;
&ef uGif;qif;avhvmrIrsm; jyK
vkyfoGm;rnfjzpfNyD; jyefvnfxl
axmif&mwGif pm;eyf&du©mt
jyif tjcm;vdktyfcsufrsm;vnf;
&SdvmrnfjzpfaomaMumifh t
jcm;ukvor*¾tzJGUrsm;ESifh yl;
aygif;Ny;D ulno
D mG ;rnfjzpfaMumif;
txufygyk*¾dKvfu ajymMum;
onf/

]]tpDtpOfawmh &Syd gw,f/
'gayrJh ya&m*sufrp&ao;yg
bl;/ bmrSpNyD; aqmif&Gufwm
r&Sdao;ygbl;/ ppfaMumifhxGuf
ajy;oGm;wJh vlawG&Sdovdk [kd
buf'ku©onf u,fq,fa&;
pcef;awGudk a&mufoGm;wJhol
awGvnf; &Sdw,f/ tJ'DvlawG
u olwaYdk e&mawGqD jyefa&muf
vmwJhtcg jyefa&mufa&muf
csif; vkyfudkifpm;vkdY r&wmawG
&Sdr,f/ t&ifu e,fajrrNidrf;
csr;f rIaMumifh roGm;jzpfb;l / tck
vdk ulnD&wmu Nidrf;csrf;a&;
oabmwlrIawG&&SdwmaMumifh
vnf;ygygw,f}} [k rpöwm Carlos Veloso ajymonf/
u&ifjynfe,fwGif jzpfyGm;
cJhaom jynfwGif;vufeufudkif
y#d y u© r sm;aMumif h xG u f a jy;
wdrf;a&Smifol wpfodef;ausmf
&SdNyD; ¤if;wdkY jyefvnfaexkdif&m
wGif ulnDaxmufyHhrIrsm;pGm vdk
tyfrnfjzpfaMumif;? jynfwGif;
vuf e uf u d k i f y#d y u© u mv
twGif; ESpfzufrS jr§Kyfxm;aom
ajrjr§ K yf r k d i f ; rsm; jyef v nf w l ;
azmf&ef tcsdefwpfESpfausmf vdk
tyfrnfjzpfaMumif; Nird ;f csr;f a&;
azmfaqmifonfhtzJGUrS AdkvfrSL;
apma';Apfaxmu Zefe0g&Dv
qef;ydkif;wGif 7Day News odkY
ajymMum;cJhonf/

wkdif;&if;ig;rsKd;pdwfrsm; wjznf;jznf;rsKd;okOf;vm
oef;aX;
&efukef?
ar-29
a'otvkduf aygufzGm;&Sifoef
aeaom wkdif;&if;ig;rsKd;pdwfrsm;
wjznf;jznf; &Sm;yg;vmaMumif;
a'ocHrsm;xHrS owif;&&So
d nf/
]]uRefawmfwdkY ucsifjynf
e,frSm tat;ydkif;ig;awG jzpf
wJh ig;eufyw
k w
f Ykd ig;vl;wdYk awmf
awmf&Sm;vmw,f/ &moDOwk
aMumifhygovdk vlawG rqifr
jcifvyk Mf uwmu tqk;d qk;H yJ}} [k
ucsijf ynfe,fa'ocH tif;vkyf
om;BuD;wpfOD;uajymonf/
ucsifjynfe,fonf urÇm
ay:wGif ig;rsKd;pdwf topfrsm;
tm; &SmazGawGU&Sd&aomaMumifh
jynfyynm&Sirf sm;yif vma&muf
avhvm&aom a'owpfckjzpf
onf / ,ck t cg a'o&if ; ig;
rsKd;pdwfrsm; aexkdif&m tif;tkdif
rsm; ysupf ;D vmí obm0ig;rsm;
rsKd;okOf;awmhrnfudk pdk;&drfae&
aMumif; ¤if;uajymonf/

]]ig;ajyr? ig;a>rxdk;eJY ig;zD
vmawG aygaygrsm;rsm;&Sd&mu
tawmf&Sm;vmNyD; obm0ig;
awG rsKd;okOf;awmhr,fh tajct
aeyJ}} [k &efukefwkdif;a'oBuD;?
wHGUaw;NrdKUe,frS a&vkyfief;&Sif
OD;pdk;wifhu ajymonf/

{&m0wDwkdif;a'oBuD;?
i0efjrpftwGi;f wGiv
f nf; a'o
&if; ig;jrif;ig;rsm; &Sm;yg;vm
aomaMumifh zrf;qD;&rdolrsm;
ig;OD;pD;odkY tyfESHygu ig;wpf
aumifvQif usyfig;axmifay;
rnf[k NyD;cJhonfhESpfu aMunm
csux
f w
k jf yefxm;aMumif; jrefrm
Ekid if iH g;vkyif ef;tzJUG csKyrf S wm0ef
&SdolwpfOD;u ajymonf/
yJcl;wkdif;a'oBuD; oydwf
usi;f NrKd Ue,ftwGi;f wGif ig;okid ;f
ig;rsm; aygrsm;pGm awGU&Sd&aom
aMumifh ig;odkif;tif;tjzpf t
rnfwGifcJhaom tqkdyg tif;xJ
wGifvnf; ig;odkif;ig;rsm; r&Sd
awmhoavmuf jzpfvmaMumif;
a'ocHwpfOD;u ajymonf/

atmifol&
&efukef? ZGef-1
&efukefwkdif;a'oBuD; pnfyif
e,fedrdwftwGif;&Sd a&S;a[mif;
taqmufttkHrsm; jyKjyifxdef;
odrf;&ef t"dutcuftcJrSm
aiGaMu;jzpfaMumif; ynm&Sif
rsm;u ajymonf/
vuf & S d t aetxm;wG i f
tqk d y g taqmuf t tk H r sm;
xde;f odr;f &eftwGuf taqmuf
ttkHrsm;\ orkdif;aMumif;ESifh
Measurement Drawing rsm;
r&Sjd cif;ESihf aiGaMu;r&Sjd cif;onf
t"dutcuftcJjzpfaMumif;
NrdKUjytif*sifeD,m a'gufwm
ausmfvwfuajymonf/
&efukefwdkif;a'oBuD;t
wGif; taqmufttkH 189 vkH;
udk a&S;a[mif;taqmufttkH
tjzpf owfrSwfxm;onf/
]]pnfyifeJY Yangon Heritage Trust u owfrSwfwm
oufwrf;tenf;qkH; 100 t
xufudk owfrSwfwmjzpfw,f}}
[k aqmufvkyfa&;0efBuD;Xme
'kwd, tkyfcsKyfrI'g½dkufwm (Ad
okum) a':rDrw
D ifuajymonf/

tqkdyg taqmufttkH
rsm; xdef;odrf;a&;twGuf ]]21
&mpk &efukefNrdKU xdef;odrf;apmifh
a&S m uf r I qk d i f & m r[mAsL[m
wpf&yfqDodkY aqG;aEG;yJGudk ZGef
1 &ufu &efukefNrdKU&Sd Strand
Hotel ü jyKvkyfcJhonf/

tqkdyg taqmufttkH
189 vkH;wGif &efukefpnfyif u
av;vkH;omydkifNyD; bmoma&;
tzJGUrsm;? 0efBuD;Xmersm;ESifh
yk*¾vduydkifrsm;vnf; &Sdonf
[k &efukefNrdKUawmf0efu ajym
Mum;onf/
]]t&ifu tpk;d &vufxuf
u b,fEv
S ;Hk yk*v
¾ u
d vJv
T u
dk v
f J
awmhrodbl;/ tck tpdk;&vuf
xufrSmig;vkH;vJTvkdufNyD;NyD/ t
wGif;0ef ½kH;&,f? w&m;½kH;csKyfudk
awmh jywkdufvkyfzdkY/ rD;&xm;½kH;
&,f EkdifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD;½kH;&,f
wkdif;½kH;uawmh [dkw,faqmuf
zkdYyg}} [k NrdKUawmf0efOD;vSjrifhu
ajymonf/
tqkyd g aqG;aEG;yJo
G Ykd wuf
a&mufaqG;aEG;cJhaom UNESCO Bangkok rS 'kw,
d ñTeMf um;
a&;rSL; Mr Etienne Clement

u ]]aiGaMu;awmhulnDzdkY r&Sdyg
bl;/ enf;ynmyJ tultnDay;
rSmyg}} [k 7Day News odkY ajym
onf/

tqkdyg taqmufttkH
rsm; jyefvnfjyKjyif&eftwGuf
ukefusp&dwfrsm;pGm&SdNyD; 0efBuD;
rsm; ½kH;wpfckwnf;yif tar&d
uefa':vmoef;wpf&mcefY ukef
usp&dwf&SdEkdifaMumif; Yangon
Heritage Trust Ouú| orkdif;
ynm&Sifa'gufwmoefYjrifhOD;u
ajymonf/
odaYk omf tqkyd gtaqmuf
ttkHrsm; xdef;odrf;xm;jcif;jzifh
]]aiGaMu;bufuMunhf&ifurÇm
vSnfh c&D;oGm;awGqDu 0ifaiG
trsm;BuD; &vmEkdifw,f/ t
cGef0ifaiGawG &vmEkdifw,f/
aemufAdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;wdkY?
pma&;q&mBuD;awG? EkdifiHa&;
orm;awGwdkYu 'Dtaqmuft
tkHawGudk okH;cJhwmaecJhwmjzpf
wJhtwGuf uRefawmfwdkY orkdif;
twGuf tvGet
f &rf;ta&;BuD;
w,f}} [k a'gufwmoefYjrifhOD;
u rSwfcsufjyKonf/

]]Oya'awG vkyfxkH;vkyf

enf;awG &SdNyD;awmh b,folu
vnf; rodbl;qkdwm
rjzpfoifhbl;/ tdk;tdrfuvnf;
ygw,f/ pnfyifuvnf; yg
w,f/ 0efBuD;Xmeuvnf;yg
w,fqdkawmh tm;vkH;u enf;
enf; ½Iyaf ew,f}} [k a'gufwm
oefYjrihfOD;u ajymonf/

xd k Y a Mumif h tqk d y g t
aqmufttkHrsm; xdef;odrf;&ef
twGuf tusK;d tjrwf r,laom
tzJGUwpfzJGU xlaxmifí xdef;
odrf;jcif;vkyfief;tm; axmuf
cHay;NyD; vGwfvGwfvyfvyfvkyf
udkifcGifhay;&ef a'gufwmausmf
vwf u tBuH j yK ajymMum;cJ h
onf/
orkdif;0if taqmufttkH
rsm; xd e f ; od r f ; &ef NyD ; cJ h o nf h
{Nyv
D qef;rSpí orkid ;f ynm&Sif
rsm;jzpf a om a'guf w moef Y
jrifhOD;? a'gufwmoefYaomf
aumif;ESifh aqmufvkyfa&;0ef
BuD;XmerS a':vIdifarmfOD;wkdY t
ygt0if jynfwGif;? jynfy ynm
&Sirf sm;yg0ifaom Yangon Heritage Trust tzGJUukd zJGUpnf;cJh
onf/
Inchrge

vSnf;wef;? bk&ifhaemif? a&T*Hkwdkif vrf;qHkcHk;ausmfwHwm;rsm; qufwdkufaqmufvkyfrnf
ausmfoD[
&efukef? ar-31
a&T*HkwkdifcHk;ausmfwHwm;twGuf 'DZdkif;yHkpHrsm; wGuf
csufaeNyD; rMumrDumvtwGi;f wnfaqmufoGm;
rnfjzpfaMumif; &efukefNrdKUawmfpnfyifom,m
a&;aumfrwD twGi;f a&;rSL;OD;ausmpf ;kd uajymonf/
]]vSnf;wef;cHk;ausmfwHwm;u paeNyD/ NyD;wm
eJY bk&ifhaemif cHk;ausmfwHwm;udk rMumcif pawmh
r,f/ a&T*HkwkdifcHk;ausmfwHwm;udkvnf; 'DZkdif;awG
ppfaq;aeygw,f}}[k twGif;a&;rSL; OD;ausmfpkd;u
ajymonf/
urm&Gwv
f n
S ;f wef;cH;k ausmw
f Hwm;udk 2012

arv 10 &ufrS pwifyEéu½f u
kd Nf y;D pnfyifom,ma&;aumfrwDu uGyu
f u
J m
a&TawmifukrÜPDu wm0ef,w
l nfaqmufaejcif;jzpfonf/ vSnf;wef;cHk;
ausmfwHwm;rSm oHrPd? oH&ufrESihf oHuluGefu&pf trsdK;tpm;jzpfonf/
vSn;f wef;cH;k ausmw
f w
H m;rSm jynfvrf;ay:&Sd awmifrS ajrmuf (tif;pde)f
bufodkY oG,fwef;aqmufvkyfvsuf&SdNyD; t&Snf 2507ay&So
d nf/ uGeu
f &pf
vrf;ay:wGif Ekid v
f eG u
f wå&mrsm;cif;aom trsKd ;tpm;jzpfNy;D oHuu
l eG u
f &pf
vGefwl;bdk;ydkif tkwfjrpftrsdK;tpm;udk toHk;jyKí aqmufvkyfoGm;rnf [kqdk
onf/ wHwm;tus,f ay 50ESihf 8 vufr?cGijhf yKwefcsed ,
f mOf wpfp;D vQif wef
60? uif;vGwf tjrifh 18 ay? ,mOfoGm;vrf; 44 ay 8 vufrESifh vloGm;
vrf;wpfzuf 3 aypD&Sdonf/

n vSnf;wef;ckH;ausmfwHwm;
aqmufvkyfa&;vkyfief;cGif
"mwfykH-a*sarmifarmif(tr&yl&)

C

tcsyfykd

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

ppfawG&Jpcef;a&SU jzpfyGm;aom qlyltkH<urI 'Pf&m&ol 12 OD;&Sd
jrifhjrwfjzL
ppfawG? ZGef-4
&ckdifjynfe,fppfawGNrdKUwGif ZGef
v 3 &uf naeydkif;u a'ocH
rsm;u trSwf(1)&Jpcef;a&SUüp
½k;H vIy&f mS ;rIjzpfymG ;cJNh y;D aemufq;Hk
wGif tqdkyga'ocHrsm;tm; &J
wyfzUJG 0ifrsm;u vufeufo;Hk um
vlpck v
JG u
kd &f aMumif; owif;&&Sd
onf/
ZGefv 3 &uf naeydkif;u
&ckdifjynfe,f ppfawGNrdKU trSwf
(1) &Jpcef;a&SUwGif aps;avvH
udpöESifh ywfoufí rausreyf
jzpfaeMuaom aps;onfrsm;u
aps;avvHudpöESihfywfoufí
&ckdifwdkif;&if;om;rsm;wdk;wuf
a&;ygwDrS pnf;½Hk;a&;rSL;wpfOD;
jzpfol OD;atmifoef;0if;tm;
ydkufqHay;í 0kdif;0ef;½kdufESuf
ck d i f ; rI a Mumih f ¤if ; rS m xd c d k u f
'Pf & m&&S d o G m ;onf [ l a om
aumvm[v xGufay:vmcJh
onft
h wGuf vltiftm; 3000
ausmcf efrY mS trSw(f 1) &Jpcef;okYd
pk½kH;a&muf&SdvmcJhjcif;jzpfonf
[k od&onf/
]]jzpfwmuawmh nae 3
em&DavmufrSm trSwf(1) &Jp
cef;a&SUrSmpwifNy;D awmhOD;atmif
oef ; 0if ; ud k pd w f y l w J h t wG u f
awGUcsifwJhtwGuf vlxka&SUudk
jyay;NyD; ajz&Sif;ay;zdkY 0kdif;0ef;
awmif;qdkNyD; Nidrf;csrf;pGm qE´jy
cJhMuygw,f/ &ckdifwdkif;&if;om;
rsm;wdk;wufa&;ygwDrS wm0ef&Sd
olawGu vlxt
k m; 0dik ;f 0ef;xde;f
odrf; ajymMum;cJhMuayr,fh vl
xku OD;atmifoef;0if;udk vlxk
eJY awGUqHkay;a&;? aps;avvH
udpözsufodrf;ay;a&;? 'Drdkua&
pDtppf&&Sad &;? trSw(f 1)&Jpcef;
rS L ; tvk y f x k w f a y;a&;wd k Y u d k
awmif;qdkcJhMuygw,f}} [k ppf

awGNrKd UrS trnfrazmfvo
dk l Xme
qkdif&m tBuD;tuJwpfOD;u 7
Day News okdY ajymonf/
&ckdifwdkif;&if;om;rsm;wkd;
wufa&;ygwDrSa'gufwmat;
armifEiS fh ygwDwm0ef&o
dS rl sm;u
trSw(f 1) &Jpcef;twGi;f wm0ef
&Sdolrsm;ESihf rdepfESpfq,fcefY
awGUqHkaqG;aEG;cJhNy;D a'gufwm
at;armifujynfolvlxktm;
OD;atmifoef;0if; owif;Mum;
od&onfhtcsdefwGif jynfolrsm;
ESihftwl pdwfraumif;jzpfcJh&
aMumif;? odkYaomfOD;atmifoef;
0if;rSm jynfolrsm;xifouJhodkY
0d k i f ; 0ef ; ½d k u f E S u f c H x m;&jcif ;
r&SdbJ tEÅ&m,fuif;&mae&m
wGif a&muf&adS eygaMumif; aps;
avvHpepfudkvnf; vmrnfh
ESpfwGifzsufodrf;Ekdif&ef BudK;yrf;
oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; pojzihfjynf
olvlxktm; ajymMum;cJhNyD; jynf
oltcsdKU odvdkonfrsm;udk jyef
vnfajzMum;ay;cJhonf/
n 9 em&D t csd e f c ef Y w G i f
OD;atmifoef;0if;u jynforl sm;
a&SUodkY a&muf&SdvmcJhNyD; 0kdif;0ef;
½dkufESufrnf[k owif;&&Sdonfh
twGuf vHkNcHKaom ae&mwGif
wdr;f a&SmifcjhJ cif;omjzpfaMumif;
jynfov
l x
l u
k olt
Y wGupf w
d yf l
ay;onfhtwGuf aus;Zl;wifyg
aMumif; ajymMum;cJhonf/
]]t"duu aps;avvHudpö
aygh/ avvH&SdaewJhtwGuf aps;
onfawG t&rf;'ku©a&mufMu
&w,f/ Ny;D awmh&rf;NAaJ usmufeD
armfbufrmS jzpfymG ;oGm;wJh rk'rd ;f
rIukd rauseyfMuwJh rauseyfcsuf
awGaMumihf aygufuGJNyD; 'DvkdrsdK;
awGjzpfvmwmyg}}[k ppfawGNrKd U
rS a'ocHwpfO;D jzpfoludpk d;k vif;
rS ajymonf/

tqkdyg qE´jyawmif;qdk

&Jpcef;a&SUpka0;aeaom a'ocHrsm;tm; &cdkifwdkif;&if;om;rsm;wdk;wufa&;ygwDrS
wm0ef&Sdolrsm;u ajymMum;aepOf

rIrsm;jzpfaepOf cJrsm;jzifh vltyk f
twGi;f tjyeftvSefypfcwfrrI sm;
jzpfcJhaMumif; ¤if;rS qufvuf
ajymonf/
]]NyD;awmh vltkyfxJ cJawG
usvmwJhaemuf &Jpcef;0ef;t
wGi;f ukd cJ awGeYJ 0kid ;f 0ef;ypfayguf
Muw,f/ aemufawmh &Jpcef;
0ef;twGi;f uae qvdu
k rf ;D awG
xdk;NyD;awmh aoewfawG pypf
cwf w ,f / aoewf y pf c wf r I
aMumihf jynfol tcsKd UrSm ydrk rkd aus
reyfjzpfcNhJ y;D cJrsm;eJY jyefvnfypf
cwfcMhJ uw,f}} [k tqdyk gae&m
odYka&muf&Sad eaomjynfwiG ;f *sm
e,fowif;axmufwpfOD;u 7
Day News odkY ajymonf/
&JwyfzGJU0ifrsm;u aoewf
jzifh ypfcwfrIaMumihf vl 12 OD;
cefY ppfawGjynfolYaq;½HkBuD;
ta&;ay:XmeodYk ydaYk qmifay;cJh
&aMumif; owif;&&Sdonf/
]]yxrwkef;uawmh &JawG
u b,fudkypfaerSef; rodbl;/

wazmif;azmif;eJY ypfaewm/
tcsufESpfq,favmuf&SdaeNyD/
tJ'DtcsdefrSm vli,fESpfOD; oHk;
OD;vJoGm;awmh cJrSefvdkY vJoGm;
w,f xifaewm/ aocsmMunfh
awmhrS ajcaxmufawGrSm ao
ewf ' Pf & mawG awG U awmh r S
jynfolYaq;½HkBuD;ukd 0kdif;0ef;ydkY
aqmif c J h M uygw,f } } [k qk d i f
u,ftiSm;,mOfarmif;wpfOD;
uajymonf/
]]wu,fvYdkqE´jyolawGukd
vlpkcGJzdkY vdkw,fqdk&if rD;owf
um;wdkY? rsuf&nf,dkAHk;wdkY wjcm;
vlpu
k aJG pEkid w
f hJ enf;vrf;awGt
rsm;BuD; &Sdygw,f/ tckvdk ao
ewfeYJjyefvnfypfcwfwm Bu;D u
awmh rjzpfoifb
h ;l }} [k &ckid jf ynf
e,f ppfawGNrdKU EkdifiHa&;orm;
wpfO;D rSZGev
f 4&ufrGe;f vGJ1em&D
tcsdefcefYu ajymMum;onf/
tqdyk g qE´jyrIrmS ZGev
f 3
&uf oef;acgifausmfoGm;aomf
vnf; &yfwefYjcif;r&SdbJ aemuf

tqdkawmfrsKd;ausmhNrdKifudk jypfrIqkdif&mOya'yk'fr 294^506 jzifh trIzGifh
at;olpH
&efuek ?f ZGe-f 2
tqkad wmf rsK;d ausmNh rKd iu
f ¤if;\
tdrt
f ul armif[ed ;f rif;oltm;
xdcdkuf'Pf&m&ap&ef ½dkufESuf
ESdyfpufcJhonf[kqdkum ta&;
,lay;yg&ef usL;vGefcH&ol [def;
rif;olu r&rf;ukef;&Jpcef;odkY
wkid Mf um;cJ&h m tqkad wmfrsK;d ausmh
NrdKifudk jypfrIqkdif&mOya'yk'fr
294^506jzifh r&rf;uke;f &Jpcef;
rS arv 26 &ufwGif trIzGihf
ta&;,lxm;aMumif; owif;&
&Sdonf/
]]ckxad wmh 'DtrIeyYJ wfouf
Ny;D &Jpcef;bufuvnf; bmwpf
ckrSjyefMum;jcif; r&Sdovdk udkrsKd;
ausmhNrdKifbufuvnf; quf

oG,fvmjcif; r&Sdao;ygbl;}}[k
w&m;vdu
k [
kd ed ;f rif;ol\tusK;d
twGuf vdkufygaqmif&Gufay;
aeolwpfOD;jzpfonhf udkat;
Munfav;uajymonf/
ud k [ d e f ; rif ; ol r S m tqk d
awmf rsK;d ausmNh rKd i\
f aetdrw
f iG f
vGefcJhonfhckepfvcefYu tusKd;
aqmifwpfOD;\qufoG,frIjzifh
aetdrftultjzpf vkyfudkifcJh
oljzpfonf/ arv 22 &ufwGif
tqkdawmfrsKd;ausmhNrdKifu zkef;
bDvaf qmif&efaiGajcmufaomif;
ay;ícdkif;apcJhNyD; aiGrsm;cg;ydkuf
EdIufcH&jcif;aMumihf rdcifjzpfol
ESihf twl ud[
k ed ;f rif;olu aiGig;
aomif;&SmazGum rsKd;ausmhNrdKif
xH rdcifESihftwl jyefvmcJh&m rsKd;

ausmhNrdKifu udk[def;rif;olukd
ac:xm;cJhonf[kqkdonf/ n
10 em&DcsdefwGif aiGckepfaomif;
jzifh udk[def;rif;ol\ rdbrsm;u
ud[
k ed ;f rif;olukd rsK;d ausmNh rKd i\
f
aetdrfrS jyefvnfac:,lcJh&m
uav;\udk,fcE¨mwGif 'Pf&m
rsm; awGUcJh&jcif;aMumifh ajrmuf
Ouúvmyaq;½Hw
k iG f aq;ukorI
cH,lcJh&aMumif; od&onf/
wkdifMum;cH&ol tqkdawmf
rsKd;ausmhNrdKifxH w,fvDzkef;rS
wpfqifh qufoG,far;jref;&m
zkef;jyefvnf ajzMum;jcif;rjyK
cJhay/ tqkdyg trIudpöESihf ywf
ouf í r&rf ; uk e f ; &J p cef ; od k Y
qufoG,far;jref;&m pcef;rS
wm0efusolwpfOD;u ]]&Jpcef;

uaeay;vdkY r&vdkYyg}} [k jyef
vnfajzMum;cJhonf/
]]uav;&JUpm&dwåudk tmr
cHw,f/ uav;u t&rf;jzLpif
w,f/ i,fi,fwnf;u tusifh
aumif;w,f/ olbmyJvdkcsifvdk
csif olrsm;ray;bJeJY r,lwwf
bl;}}[k udk[def;rif;ol\ tusihf
pm&dwåESihfywfoufNyD; udkat;
Munfav;u qufvufajymjy
onf/ ud[
k ed ;f rif;olrmS touf
15 ES p f t &G , f & S d N yD ; arG ; csif ;
ESpfOD;teuf tBuD;qHk;jzpfum
rdom;pk\ pD;yGm;a&;tajctae
t& e0rwef;jzifh ausmif;xGuf
í tqkdawmfrsdK;ausmhNrdKif\ae
tdrfwGif tdrftultjzpf vkyf
udkifcJhjcif;jzpfonf/

"mwfykH-jrihfjrwfjzL

aeYr;kd vif; t½kPw
f ufcsed t
f xd
aoewfypfazmufrrI mS &Sad eao;
aMumif; od& onf/
&JwyfzUJG 0ifrsm;\ ypfcwfrI
aMumihf aoewf'Pf&m&Sdolt
rsm;pkrSm touf 30 ESpfatmuf
&ckdifwkdif;&if;om;rsm; wdk;wuf
a&;ygwDudk axmufcHol vli,f
trsm;pkjzpfaMumif; od&onf/

tckudpörSm awmif;qdkrI
awGu ra&r&mbJjzpfaewm/
awmif;qdkrIwpfckckudk OD;wnf
w,fqdk&if uRefawmfwdkYu jynf
e,f0efBuD;csKyfeJY awGUNyD;awmh
r&&atmif awmif;qdo
k mG ;rSmyg/
uReaf wmfwYkd Nird ;f csr;f pGmqE´jycGifh
&atmifvdkYvnf; vTwfawmfrSm
wifjyNyD; awmif;qdkaeygw,f/
tckuRefawmfwdkYvnf; ta&;
ay: tpnf;ta0;xdkifNyD;awmh
'D'Pf&m&&Sw
d hJ vlemawGtwGuf
b,fvdkaqmif&Gufay;r,fqdk
wmudv
k nf; uReaf wmfwYkdaqmif
&Gufay;aeygw,f/ jyóemudk

b,fvdkajz&Sif;&rvJqdkwmudk
tckwidk yf ifaqG;aEG;aeygw,f/
jyóemudk xyfNy;D rBuD;xGm;vm
zdkYtwGuf uRefawmfwdkYtm;vHk;
ajyvnfatmif ajz&Sif;EkdifzdkYt
wGuf BudK;pm;aeygw,f}}[k ZGef
v 4 &uf aeYv,f 12 em&Dtcsed f
cefYwGif ppfawGNrdKU jynfolYaq;
½HkBuD;&Sd 'Pf&m&olrsm;udk vm
a&muf M unf½h o
I nf h a'gufwm
at;armifu 7 Day NewsokdY
ajymMum;oGm;onf/
Oya'a&;&mtultnDay;
a&;tzGUJ 0ifwpfO;D jzpfol OD;ndr;f
csrf;rS ]]'Dudpöudk owif;pm&Sif;
vif;yGJ yHkpHrsdK; jyKvkyfay;oifhyg
w,f/ 'Dupd u
ö kd wdu
k ½f u
kd rf [kwf
awmifrS oG,f0kdufNyD;awmh bm
vdkY'Dvdkjzpf&w,f? bmvdEYk rdS ef if;
&vJqw
kd mudk owif;pm&Si;f vif;
yGJyHkpHrsdK;vkyfNyD;awmh ajz&Sif;ay;
oifyh gw,f}} [kajymMum;cJo
h nf/
&JwyfzUGJ 0ifrsm; ESrd ef if;cJjh cif;
ESihfywfoufí &Jpcef;ywf0ef;
usiw
f iG f vlpu
k o
JG mG ;jcif;r&So
d nfh
twGufZGe4f &ufeeH uf1em&DwiG f
wm0efus&w
J yfzUJG 0ifrsm;u t"d
u½kPfvufeufESifh rD;cdk;AkH;t
okH;jyKum vlpkcGJcJhaMumif; tqdk
ygvlpkonf eHeuf 3 em&DwGif
vrf;rBuD;vrf;ESifh OD;Owårvrf;
qkH&m ½dk;rbPfxdyf&Sd yDpDtdkt
aqmufttkHtm; rD;½dIUzsufqD;
cJhaMumif;ESifh vlpkvla0;wGif yg
0ifol 9 OD;tm; xdef;odrf;ppf
aq;vsuf&SdaMumif; EdkifiHydkif½kyf
oH,mrsm;ü n 8 em&D jynfwGif;
owif;wGif xkwfjyefaMunmcJh
onf/
'Pf&m&&Sdol 12 OD;&SdNyD;
&Jwyf&if; (12)rS vHkxdef;wyf
zGJU0if wpfOD;rSm wyf&if;jyeft
a&muf¤if;\aoewfusnf&Sif;
&if;rawmfwqaoqH;k cJah Mumif;
owif;&&So
d nf/

2010 a&G;aumufyJGtEkdif&
csif;wkdif;&if;om;ygwD okH;ygwDyl;aygif;rnf
jrwfpkrGef
&efukef? ZGef-2
csi;f trsK;d om;ygwD 3ygwD yl;aygif;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; csi;f
trsK;d om;ygwDEiS hf csi;f wk;d wufa&;ygwDrS wm0ef&o
dS rl sm;u
ajymonf/
2010 a&G;aumufyJGwGif vTwfawmftrwf 12 ae&m
&&Scd o
hJ nfh csi;f wd;k wufa&;ygwD (CPP)? vTwaf wmftrwf 9
ae&m tEkdif&&SdcJhonfh csif;trsKd;om;ygwD(CNP)ESifh vTwf
awmf trwfwpfae&m tEkid &f &Scd o
hJ nfh wkid ;f &if;om;vlrsK;d pk
rsm; zHUG NzKd ;a&;ygwD (ENDP)wdo
Yk nf csi;f jynfe,fwpfcv
k ;Hk udk
udk,fpm;jyKonfh wkdif;&if;om;ygwDwpfcktjzpf ay:xGuf
vmap&ef&nf&G,fí yl;aygif;&efpDpOfcJhjcif;jzpfaMumif; t
xufygyk*¾dKvfuajymonf/
vuf&t
dS ajctaewGifcsi;f wkid ;f &if;om;ygwDrsm;tjyif
rGew
f idk ;f &if;om;ygwDrsm; tcsi;f csi;f yl;aygif;a&;wku
Yd v
kd nf;
toD;oD; aqG;aEG;vsuf&SdMuonf/

D

tcsyfykd

Vol.11, No.13  June 7 , 2012

at;jrausmf
&efukef?ZGef-4
urÇmph ;D yGm;a&;zk&d rfoYkwuf
d a&muf
&ef xdkif;EdkifiH befaumufNrdKUodkY
a&muf&SdaepOf arv 30 &uf
u jrefrma&TUajymif;tvkyfo
rm;ta&twGuf trsm;qH;k &S&d m
r[mcsKd io
f Ykd vma&mufajymMum;
cJah om a':atmifqef;pkMunf
\ rdefYcGef;rS tm;ay;pum;rsm;
aMumihf xkdif;EkdifiHa&muf jrefrm
a&T U ajymif ; tvk y f o rm;rsm;
tm;wufvsuf&SdNyD; tcsdKUrSm r
MumrD trdEkdifiHodkY jyefEkdif&efyif
arQmfvifhvsuf&SdaMumif; tvkyf
orm;rsm;udk ulnDapmifha&Smuf
aeolrsm;ESihf tvkyform;rsm;
u tGev
f idk ;f rS wpfqifah jymMum;
Muonf/
r[mcsdKifwGif ajymMum;cJh
aom a':atmifqef;pkMunfu
rdefYcGef;wGif ]]tck'Dudkvmwm
a&TUajymif;tvkyform;awG&JU
t ajctaeawGudk odcsifvdkYyJ/
'D tajctaeudk b,fvadk umif;
rGeaf tmif vkyaf y;Ekid rf vJqw
kd m
odcsifvdkY a&mufvmwmjzpfyg
w,f}}[k ajymMum;cJNh y;D a&TUajymif;
tvkyform;rsm;udk pdwf"mwfr
us&efESifh ordkif;qdkonfrSm t
NraJ jymif;vJaeaMumif; ajymMum;

Photo - AFP

a':atmifqef;pkMunf\ tm;ay;pum;rsm;aMumifh
xdkif;EdkifiHa&muf a&TUajymif;jrefrmtvkyform;rsm; tm;wuf

r,fv'ku©onfpcef;wGif axmufcHolrsm;ESifhtwlawGU&onfh a':atmifqef;pkMunf

cJo
h jzifh tvkyo
f rm;rsm;\ tdrf
jyef&ef arQmfvifhcsufydkrdk&Sifoef
vmcJhonf[k tvkyform;rsm;
udk teD;uyftultnDay;aeol
rsm;u ajymMum;onf/
befaumuf r[mcsdKifwGif
a':atmifqef;pkMunfudk]]tdrf
jyefcsifNyD}}[k pmwef;rsm; udkif
aqmifum trsm;pku BudKqdkcJh
Muonf/
xkdif;EdkifiHonf jrefrma&TU
ajymif; tvkyform;trsm;qHk;

a&muf&Sd tvkyfvkyfae&m tdrf
eD;csif;EkdifiHwpfckjzpfNyD; EdkifiH
wumtvkyo
f rm;tzGUJ tpnf;
rsm;\ cef Y r S e f ; csuf t & xd k i f ;
Edik if H wpfEidk if v
H ;kH wGif jrefrma&TU
ajymif;tvkyform; ESpfoef;cefY
yif&SdEdkifNyD; rSwfyHkwifEkdifolOD;
a&rSm ESpfodef;ausmfom &Sdao;
aMumif; od&onf/
xkdif;EkdifiHa&muf jrefrmt
vkyform; trsm;pkrSm vkyfcv
pmenf;yg;jcif;ESihf tvkyform;

tcGifhta&;rsm; tjynfht0 r&
&Sdjcif;ponhf tcuftcJaygif;pHk
&ifqkdifae&um tcsKd UrSm q,fpk
ESpw
f pfcak usmfMumatmif a&muf
&Sd tvkyfvkyfaeMuolrsm;&SdNyD;
a&TUajymif;tvkyform;trsm;pk
rSm a&vkyif ef;? &mbmNcv
H yk if ef;?
aqmufvkyfa&;vkyfief;ESihf t
csKd Uae&mrsm;wGif [dw
k ,fvyk if ef;
rsm;ü 0if a &muf t vk y f v k y f
udkifvsuf&SdMuonf/

oGm;Ekid af om axmifacsmufrsm;
omjzpfonfudk owdjyKrdapcsif
ygaMumif;? &ckid jf ynfe,ftwGi;f
jzpfyGm;aeaom bmoma&;? vl
rsdK;a&; t"du½kPf;rsm;udk &yf
wefYNyD; EkdifiHom;wkdif; Nidrf;csrf;
pGm ,SOw
f JG aexdik Ef idk &f eftwGuf
oufqkdif&m bmomtoD;oD;rS
q&mawmfBuD;rsm;? bmoma&;
acgif;aqmifrsm;? EkdifiHa&;ygwD
ESifh vlrt
I zGUJ tpnf;acgif;aqmif
rsm;? Xmeqdkif&mtoD;oD;rS wm
0ef&ydS *k Kd¾ vrf sm;tm;vH;k taejzihf
arwå m ud k tajccH í 0k d i f ; 0ef ;
xdef;odrf;aqmif&Gufay;Muyg
&ef arwåm&yfcHpmwpfapmifudk
ZGef v 4 &uf &ufpGJjzifh xkwfjyef
cJhonf/
]]rjzpfoihfwJh vlrsdK;a&;cGJ
jcm;wk d u f c d k u f r I r sd K ;om jzpf y g
w,f/ trIrSef ay:aygufa&;
twGuf trSew
f &m;om jzpfoihf
NyD; jypfrIusL;vGefolrSmom wm
0ef&Sdygw,f/ vlrsdK;a&;tjrif
usOf;ajrmif;pGm cGJjcm;qufqHrI
awG[m 'Dru
kd a&pDEidk if o
H m;awG
&JU tjyKtrlr[kwfbl;qdkwm o
abmayguf&ygr,f/ 'g[m om
refvo
l wfru
I ae vlrsKd ;a&;rke;f

wD;rI y#dyu©txdawmh rjzpf
oifyh gbl;}}[k pma&;q&mwpfO;D
u qdkonf/
]]b,f t ajctaersd K ;rS m
rqdk tMurf;rzufwJh wdkufyGJudk
uRefrtm;ay;w,f/ uRefrwdkY
tMurf;rzufwJh vrf;pOfuae
vH;k 0aoGz,froGm;wJt
h aMumif;
uawmh tMurf;rzufwJh wdkuf
yGJ[m a&&SnfrSm ydkaumif;vkdYyJ/
'Dvrf;pOfu tcsed yf u
kd ek cf siu
f ek f
r,f/ 'gayrJh oleJYtwl wGJygvm
r,fh 'Pf&mawGvnf; ydkenf;
vdrfhr,f}}[k a':atmifqef;pk
Munf u w½k w f j ynf * G r f a 'gif
owif;pmwpfckESihf tifwmAsL;
wGif jyefvnfajzMum;cJhonf/
xkdtifwmAsL;rSmyif a':
atmifqef;pkMunfu ,ckuJhodkY
qufajymcJhonf/ ]]uRefrpdwf
qd k ; wJ h t cg pd w f q d k ; aewJ h t
aMumif; uRefrudk,fuRefr owd
ay;w,f/ NyD;awmh tJ'Dpdwfudk
xde;f csKyzf Ykd BudK;pm;w,f/ aemuf
Ny;D avmuBu;D rSm xm0&rajymif;
vJwJht&mqdkwm r&SdrSef;vnf;
uRefrodw,fav/ 'gaMumihf
pdwfwdkif;ruswmawG BuHKwJht
cg [kwfw,f? tck tajctae

tcsyfydk(A) - vufpm;acsjcif;rSonf . . . rS
&efukefom; vli,fuAsm
q&m? bavmh*gwpfO;D jzpfaom
ol&ó0guvnf; ]]wu,fusL;
vGefcJhwJh olawGudkyJ w&m;Oy
a't& ta&;,loihfygw,f/
bmrSrqdkifwJh vlawG towf
cH&wJt
h wGuaf wmh pdwrf aumif;
jzpfrdw,f/ tJ'Dvkd owfoGm;
wJ h v l a wG a &m? ud k , f e J Y r qd k i f
wJh udpöwpfcktwGuf udk,fhudk
owfwm jzwfwm emusiaf tmif
vkyfwmrajymeJY udk,feJYrqkdif
bJ vuf p m;acscH & r,f q d k & if
vufcHMuyghrvm;}}[k vli,f
wpfOD;\ tjrifudk zGifh[onf/
aqmif ; yg;&S i f r S L ;aZmf u
ol \azhbGwfcfpmrsufESmay:
wGif ]]t"du½kPf;rsm;a&Smif&Sm;
Ekdifaom? Nidrf;csrf;pGmtwl,SOf
wGJaexdkifMuNyD; uGJjym;jcm;em;
rI r sm;Mum;u nD n G w f r I j zpf
apaom vlYtzGJUtpnf;jzpf&ef
uRefawmfwdkYtm;vHk; BudK;yrf;
MuzdkYvykd gaMumif;? t"du½kPf;
toGifaqmifaom vIyf&Sm;rI
rsm;ud k tm;ay;tm;ajr§ m uf
aoG;xdk;vIYHaqmfaeMuolrsm;udk
awG U &S d & ojzif h rsm;pG m pd w f
raumif;jzpf&NyD; pdwfcHpm;csuf

OD;pm;ay; awG;ac:rIrsm;udk owd
&Sd&Sd xdef;csKyfEkdif&ef vdktyfyg
aMumif;}}a&;om;xm;cJhonf/
,ckuJhodkY tpkvdkuftNyHK
vdkuf owfjzwfonftxd jzpf
yGm;cJ&h jcif;rSmvnf; awmifuw
k f
NrdKUtwGif;wGif towfcH&onfh
trsd K ;orD ; yH k r sm;ES i f h pmrsm;
jzef Y a 0cJ h j cif ; aMumif h jzpf u m
txl;ojzifh om;r,m;jyKusifh?
vlowf? ypönf;vk½Hkomr[kwf
bJ vnf y if ; tm; "m;jzif h v S D ;
jzwfcJhonfqdkonfhtcsufu
NrdKUcHwdkYtm; rcHr&yfEdkifjzpfapcJh
onf[k a'ocHwdkYu ajymqdk
onf/
88 rsdK;qufausmif;om;
rsm;tzGUJ uvnf; rw&m;jyKusifh
í owfjzwfjcif;? tpkvdkuf t
NyKHvkduf owfjzwfjcif; ponf
wkdYrSm ,Ofaus;aom vlYtokdif;
t0dkif;rS rnfodkYrQ vufcHEkdifp
&m r&Sdonfhtjyif rnfonhfbm
omw&m;urSvnf; vufoihf
cH E k d i f r nf r[k w f a Mumif ; ? xd k
tajctaeqdk;rsm;onf uREkfyf
wdkYEkdifiH\ 'Drdkua&pDa&;jyKjyif
ajymif;vJrrI sm;udk tusKd ;rjyKEidk f
½Hrk Qru aemufaMumif;jyefvn
S hf

ppfyGJrsm;&yfpJ&ef ucsifjynfe,fvHk;qdkif&m
qE´jyKyGJwpf&yf jrpfBuD;em;wGif jyKvkyfrnf
at;jrausmf
&efukef? ZGef - 5
ucsif j ynf e ,f v H k ; qk d i f & m
ppfyGJrsm; &yfpJa&; qE´jyKyGJudk
ppfyrJG sm; wpfEpS jf ynfah jrmufonfh
ZGev
f 9 &ufwiG f jrpfBuD;em;NrKd U ü
pk½Hk;jyKvkyfoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;
ppf y G J & yf p J a &;aumf r wD O uú |
rd;k aumif;NrKd Ua'ocH OD;0if;bdk u
7Day News odYk ajym Mum;onf/
ppfy&JG yfpaJ &; qE´azmfxw
k f
jcif;rsm;udk ucsijf ynfe,fwpfck
vH;k twdik ;f twmESifh jyKvyk o
f mG ;
Ekid &f eftwGuf NrKd Ue,f 5 NrKd Ue,frS
&yfrd&yfzrsm;ESihf ppfyGJ&yfpJa&;
aumfrwDudk ZGefv 3 &ufu p
wifzUJG pnf;cJNh y;D ZGev
f 9 &ufwiG f
jrpfBuD;em;NrdKUü tqdkygNrdKUe,f
rsm;rS a'ocHrsm;pka0;um ucsif
jynfe,fwGif; ppfyGJrsm; &yfpJa&;
twGuf NrdKUwGif;vSnfhvnfum
qE´jyKawmif;qdkoGm;Murnf[k
aumfrwDrS od&onf/
ZG e f v 9 &uf eH e uf 10
em&DwGif jrpfBuD;em;NrdKU raem
uGif;wGif pka0;um NrdKU\t"du

vrf;rBuD;rsm; wpfavQmufü
ppfyrJG sm; tjref&yfpaJ y;&ef awmif;
qdak om pmwef;rsm; udkifaqmif
vSnfhvnfoGm;rnfjzpfNyD; xdk
qE´jyKyGJodkY rdk;aumif;? zm;uefY?
wEdkif;? Aef;armfponfhNrdKUe,f
rsm;rS a'ocH r sm;vnf ; vm
a&mufMurnf[k ppfyGJ&yfpJa&;
aumfrwDrS od&onf/
]]uRefawmfwdkYvnf; udk,fh
tdrfrSmaeNyD; ppfab;'ku©onf
rjzpf½kHwpfr,fygyJ/ tckqdk zm;
uef Y ? wEd k i f ; buf u a&T w G i f ;
ausmufwiG f;awG &yfvu
kd fawmh
pm;0wfaea&;awG xdcu
dk w
f ,f/
ppfyGJawGaMumihf ucsifjynfe,f
wpfckvHk; 'ku©a&mufaew,f}}
[k ppfy&JG yfpaJ &;aumfrwD Ouú|
OD;0if;bdku ajymonf/
tqdkyg ucsifjynfe,fvHk;
qdkif&m ppfyGJ&yfpJa&; qE´jyKyGJ
od k Y &ef u k efNrdKUrS 88 ausmif;
om;rsm;tzGJUvnf; vma&muf
yl;aygif;umoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;
od&onf/

rsufESmzHk; - &cdkifjynfe,ftwGif; Oya'rJh tkyfpkzGJUvIyf&Sm;rIrsm;tm;
pHkprf;ppfaq;ta&;,lrnf rS
ZGefv 3 &uf nae 4 em&Du
&rf;NANJ rKd Ue,f ausmufeaD rmfaus;
&Gmtkyfpk oajyacsmif;aus;&GmrS
roDwmaxG;tm; om;r,m;t
jzpfjyKusifh? ypönf;vkum owf
jzwfcHcJh&onfhudpö\ aemufqGJ
wGJ*,uftaeESihf ½kef;&if;qef
cwf r I j zpf y G m ;um oH w G J N rd K UrS
&efukefNrdKUodkY xGufcGmvmonfh
½dk;ropöm ,mOfvkdif;ay:wGif
vkdufygvmaom tpövmrfbm
om0if 10 OD; aoqHk;cJhonf/
aoqHk;olrsm;wGif bmom
a&;udpjö zihf oHwNJG rKd UodYk vma&muf
aom awmifwGif;BuD;NrdKUe,frS
ajcmufOD;? ajrmif;jrNrdKUrS ESpfOD;
ESihf oHwGJNrdKUrS ESpfOD;jzpfaMumif;
xdkjzpfpOfESifhywfoufí w&m;
Oya'ESit
fh nD jzpfapa&;twGuf
vdktyfaom pHkprf;ppfaq;rIrsm;
aqmif&GufoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;

azmfjyxm;onf/
roDwmaxG; aoqHk;rIESihf
ywfoufívnf; w&m;cHrsm;
tm; tcsd e f r qG J b J xd a &muf
onfh jypf'Pfrsm; csrSwfoGm;
rnfjzpfNyD; jypfrIusL;vGefcJhaom
w&m;cHo;kH OD;tm; pepfwusppf
aq;azmfxkwfvsuf w&m;Oy
a'ESihftnD xda&mufaom jypf
'Pfcsrw
S Ef idk af &; aqmif&u
G af e
aMumif;vnf; owif;xkwfjyef
xm;onf/
ZG e f v 5 &uf x k w f Ek d i f i H
yd k i f o wif ; pmrsm;ü azmf j yyg
&Sdaom owif;wGif rGwfqvif
ukvm;[lí oH;k EIe;f xm;onfukd
tpövmrfbmom0ifrsm;taeESifh
pdwfrcsrf;ajrUjzpf&aMumif; tpö
vmrfbmom0ifwpfO;D u 7Day
NewsodYk zke;f jzihf qufo,
G af jym
Mum;onf/

odyfraumif;bl;/ 'gayrJh csuf
csif;BuD; aumif;vmEkdifwmyJ qdk
NyD; 'DtrSefw&m;udk owdoGif;
&ygw,f/ 'Dvkd owdw&m;u
udk,fh&JUpdwfudk NidrfoGm;apNyD;
awmh [ef c suf r ysuf a tmif
xdef; xm;ay;Ekdifw,fav}}
rnfoyYkd ifjzpfap jrefrmEkid f
iHom;tm;vHk;vkdvkduawmh vl
rsdK;a&;jzpfap? bmoma&;yJjzpf
ap? rkef;wD;rIrsm;? y#dyu©toGif

tMurf;zufrrI sm;udk vkv
d m;jcif;
r&SdbJ jzpfay:vmEdkifonfh jy
óemrsm;ud k o m ajz&S i f ; ajy
vnfap&ef qE´&SdaeMuonf
omjzpfonf/
xdkYtjyif orkdif;ESihfcsDaom
jzpf&yfq;kd rsm;udv
k nf; ,ckacwf?
,cktcsdeftcgwGif rnfolrS r
awGUBuHK? rcHpm;vdak wmhonfrmS
trSefyifjzpfayonf/

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful