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Learning Plumbing

Learning Plumbing

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  • Lesson 1 USE DRAWING LEGENDS AND PLUMBING SYMBOLS
  • Learning Event 1 READ A CONSTRUCTION DRAWING
  • Learning Event 2 IDENTIFY WATER SYSTEM PIPELINES
  • Learning Event 3 IDENTIFY FIXTURE SYMBOLS
  • Learning Event 4 IDENTIFY WASTE SYSTEM PIPELINES
  • REVIEW EXERCISE
  • REVIEW EXERCISE SOLUTIONS
  • Learning Event 1 MEASURE PIPE RUN LENGTHS
  • Learning Event 2 LIST WATER AND WASTE LINE FITTINGS

SUBCOURSE EN5110

EDITION A

PREPARE A PLUMBING TAKEOFF LIST (PLUMBING I)

PREPARE A PLUMBING TAKEOFF LIST SUBCOURSE EN 5110 PLUMBER MOS 51K 1 and 2 US Army Engineer School Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri 12 Credit Hours GENERAL The plumbing takeoff list subcourse, part of the Plumber, MOS 51K, Skill Levels 1 and 2, course, is designed to teach the knowledge necessary to extract information from a construction drawing legend, identify plumbing symbols, and use plumbing material. The subcourse is presented in two lessons, each lesson corresponding to a terminal objective as indicated below. Lesson 1: USE DRAWING LEGENDS AND PLUMBING SYMBOLS OBJECTIVE: Describe the methods used to extract information from a construction drawing legend and to identify plumbing symbols. TASK: 051-248-1001, Prepare a plumbing takeoff list. CONDITIONS: Given subcourse booklet EN 5110 and an examination response sheet. You will work in your own environment without supervision. STANDARDS: You should be able to complete this lesson and answer the practice exercises within approximately 4 hours. Lesson 2: LIST PLUMBING MATERIALS OBJECTIVE: List plumbing materials by type, size, and length from a construction drawing. TASK: 051-248-1001, Prepare a plumbing takeoff list.

i

CONDITIONS: Given subcourse booklet EN5110 and an examination response sheet. You will work in your own environment without supervision.

ii

TABLE OF CONTENTS Page GENERAL ............................................................. i ADMINISTRATIVE INSTRUCTIONS ......................................... v GRADING AND CERTIFICATION INSTRUCTIONS .............................. v INTRODUCTION ....................................................... vi Lesson 1: USE DRAWING LEGENDS AND PLUMBING SYMBOLS .................. 1 Learning Event 1: Read a Construction Drawing ................... 1 Learning Event 2: Identify Water System Pipelines ............... 4 Learning Event 3: Identify Fixture Symbols ..................... 14 Learning Event 4: Identify Waste System Pipelines .............. 20 Review Exercise ................................................ 31 Review Exercise Solutions ...................................... 38 Lesson 2: LIST PLUMBING MATERIALS Learning Event 1: Measure Pipe Run Lengths ..................... 39 Learning Event 2: List Water and Waste Line Fittings ........... 53 Review Exercise ................................................ 66 Review Exercise Solutions ...................................... 76 STUDENT INQUIRY SHEET (ADMINISTRATIVE) ...................... Following Examination STUDENT INQUIRY SHEET (SUBCOURSE CONTENT) ................... Following Examination

iii

THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK v .

The symbols and abbreviations on the construction drawing tell the plumber the location of water and waste pipelines. you can determine the lengths of pipe required by type and size. The drawings show what plumbing facilities are required by using symbols and abbreviations to identify the real material items. and the number of different types of fixtures. and the location of all the fixtures required. vi .INTRODUCTION An important part of building construction is the ability to read and understand the information shown on a construction drawing or a set of construction drawings. You will be able to make a list of plumbing materials needed to install any part of or all of the plumbing system. the type and size of pipe. Once you can read and understand the information on a construction drawing. the type of fittings for pipeline connections. the number of different types of fittings by size.

identifies all the drawings by number. General information is in the legend of a construction drawing. Learning Event 1 READ A CONSTRUCTION DRAWING 1. The legend contains general information and the scale of the drawing. CREDIT HOURS 4. The diagram contains plumbing symbols giving the location of the plumbing system in a building. TM 5-704. number of sheets per drawing. 1 . you will be able to describe the methods used to extract information from a construction drawing legend and to identify plumbing symbols. Items 3. A plumber has to read and understand the information on a construction drawing. the legend and the diagram. STANDARDS You should be able to complete this lesson and answer the review exercise within approximately 4 hours. The drawing has two areas.Lesson 1/Learning Event 1 Lesson 1 USE DRAWING LEGENDS AND PLUMBING SYMBOLS OBJECTIVE At the end of this lesson. "General Notes. Prepare a plumbing takeoff list. 4. a. FM 5-51K. and 5 are for the plumber. You must respond correctly to 70 percent of the examination questions pertaining to this lesson. CONDITIONS Given subcourse booklet EN5110 and an examination response sheet. "Schedule of Drawings. Note: The legend of a construction drawing is in the lower right hand corner. You will work in your own environment without supervision." also part of a legend in figure 1-1." part of a legend in figure 1-1 on page 2. REFERENCES TM 5-551K. and title of each drawing. TASK Task 051-248-1001. gives additional information that is needed.

Lesson 1/Learning Event 1

FIGURE 1-1.

INFORMATION IN A LEGEND

b. The scale of a drawing can be either a graphic or ratio scale. In figure 1-2, each segment of the line equals one foot in the building. In figure 1-3, 1/4 inch on the drawing equals one foot in the building. FIGURE 1-2. LEGEND, GRAPHIC SCALE

FIGURE 1-3.

LEGEND, RATIO SCALE

2. The diagram is the part of the drawing that uses symbols to show the location of the water system, waste system, and fixtures. See figure 1-4. 2

Lesson 1 /Learning Event 1 FIGURE 1-4. CONSTRUCTION DRAWING DIAGRAM

3

Lesson 1/Learning Event 2 Learning Event 2 IDENTIFY WATER SYSTEM PIPELINES 3. Cold, hot, and tempered water lines are identified by symbols. a. Figure 1-5 shows water pipeline symbols. FIGURE 1-5. WATER PIPELINE SYMBOLS

b. The arrows on the diagram in figure 1-4 show the location and direction of the cold water line.

4

Lesson 1/Learning Event 2 FIGURE 1-6. ARROWS SHOWING DIRECTION -COLD WATER

5

Lesson 1/Learning Event 2 c. The arrow on the diagram in figure 1-7 shows the location and direction of the hot water line. ARROW SHOWING DIRECTION-HOT WATER 6 . FIGURE 1-7.

7 . FIGURE 1-8. Fittings connect and change the directions of water line pipe runs.Lesson 1/Learning Event 2 d. ARROWS SHOWING DIRECTION-TEMPERED WATER 4. These fittings are identified by symbols. The arrows in the diagram in figure 1-8 show the location and direction of the tempered water line.

WATER-PIPE-FITTING SYMBOLS 8 . Figure 1-9 shows water-pipe-fitting symbols.Lesson 1/Learning Event 2 a. FIGURE 1-9.

1-10 shows water-pipe-fitting symbols used on a FIGURE 1-10.Lesson 1/Learning Event 2 b. DIAGRAM SHOWING TYPES OF FITTINGS 9 . Figure diagram.

D. A. outlet up Elbow turned up. C. D. Elbow turned down Tee. Tee Elbow turned down Tee. 1. water-pipe-fitting symbols with their 3. 10 .Lesson 1/Learning Event 2 _________________________Self-Check Exercise_________________________ Match the following descriptions. 4. outlet up Elbow turned up ____________________Self-Check Exercise Solutions____________________ Did you match 1 through 4 as follows? 1. 2. If you matched 1 through 4 above correctly. C. 2. good work! Continue with the lesson. A. 3. Tee If you failed to match 1 through 4 above correctly. B. B. 4. go back and review the water-pipe-fitting symbols before continuing the lesson.

FIGURE 1-11. Figure 1-11 shows symbols used for valves. a. Globe valves control flow of water.Lesson 1/Learning Event 2 5. Faucets turn water on and off at a fixture such as lavatory or sink. VALVE SYMBOLS 11 . Gate valves turn water flow on or off. Valves control the flow of water.

Figure 1-12 shows valve symbols used on a diagram. DIAGRAM SHOWING TYPES OF VALVES 12 . FIGURE 1-12.Lesson 1/Learning Event 2 b.

3. A. hose bibb Gate valve Globe valve 13 . Faucet. 1. 2. C. B.Lesson 1/Learning Event 2 _________________________Self-Check Exercise_________________________ Match the following valve symbols with the valve descriptions.

It is used to turn water flow on or off at fixtures such as a lavatory. is a faucet. review valve symbols and their uses again. is a gate valve. Learning Event 3 IDENTIFY FIXTURE SYMBOLS 6. Continue with the lesson. or off. of water. good work. 14 .Lesson 1/Learning Event 3 ____________________Self-Check Exercise Solutions____________________ How did you do? 1. The fixture symbols in a construction drawing show the type of fixture and its location. 2. It is used to control the flow Check your responses with those below. If you got then all correct. a. 3. Figure 1-13 shows fixture symbols. If you had a hard time. It is used to turn water on is a globe valve. hose bibb.

Lesson 1 /Learning Event 3 FIGURE 1-13. FIXTURE SYMBOLS 15 .

Lesson 1/Learning Event 3 FIGURE 1-13. FIXTURE SYMBOLS (CONTINUED) 16 .

Lesson 1/Learning Event 3 FIGURE 1-13. FIXTURE SYMBOLS (CONTINUED) 17 .

Figure 1-14 shows fixture symbols used on a diagram. DIAGRAM SHOWING TYPES OF FIXTURES 18 .Lesson 1/Learning Event 3 b. FIGURE 1-14.

Water closet Urinal. 1.Lesson 1 /Learning Event 3 _________________________Self-Check Exercise_________________________ Match the following fixture symbols with the fixture descriptions. D. wall-hung Sink service. A. wall-hung Water heater 19 . B. C. 4. 3. 2.

Figure 1-15 shows the waste pipeline symbol. Waste system pipelines are identified by a symbol. either wall-hung tank or with close-coupled tank Urinal. wall-hung If you had any trouble. FIGURE 1-15. B. review the fixture symbols until you are confident. Learning Event 4 IDENTIFY WASTE SYSTEM PIPELINES 7. a. Then continue with the lesson. A. 4. D. 1. 2. C.Lesson 1/Learning Event 4 ____________________Self-Check Exercise Solutions____________________ Check your answers. 3. wall-hung Sink service. Water heater Water closet. WASTE PIPELINE SYMBOL 20 .

Lesson 1/Learning Event 4 b. ARROWS SHOWING DIRECTION-WASTE PIPELINE 21 . The arrows in the diagram in figure 1-16 show the location and direction of the waste pipeline. FIGURE 1-16.

These fittings are identified by symbols. WASTE-PIPE-FITTING SYMBOLS 22 . Fittings connect and change the direction of waste line pipe. a.Lesson 1/Learning Event 4 8. Figure 1-17 shows waste-pipe-fitting symbols. FIGURE 1-17.

Lesson 1/Learning Event 4 FIGURE 1-17. WASTE-PIPE-FITTING SYMBOLS (CONTINUED) 23 .

Lesson 1 /Learning Event 4 FIGURE 1-17. WASTE-PIPE-FITTING SYMBOLS (CONTINUED) 24 .

Lesson 1/Learning Event 4 b. Figure diagram. 1-18 shows waste-pipe-fitting symbols used on a FIGURE 1-18. DIAGRAM SHOWING WASTE-PIPE FITTINGS 25 .

What does the symbol below represent? 2. How about this one? ____________________Self-Check Exercise Solutions____________________ How did you do? Did you answer 1 as 90 degree through double Y? For 2. hub type? If you incorrectly answered either of the above.Lesson 1/Learning Event 4 _________________________Self-Check Exercise_________________________ 1. good luck. If you had no problem. Keep it up. and continue with the lesson. go back and review the waste-pipe-fitting symbols. did you answer P-trap. 26 .

The types are drain waste vents (DWV) and vents through the roof (VTR). Figure 1-19 shows the vent abbreviations and symbol. VENT ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOL 27 . FIGURE 1-19.Lesson 1/Learning Event 4 9. a. Vents are used in the waste system to keep foul odors caused by waste disposal from entering the building.

Figure 1-20 shows vent to roof identified by symbol on a diagram. FIGURE 1-20. DIAGRAM SHOWING VTR 28 .Lesson l/Learning Event 4 b.

Lesson 1/Learning Event 4 _________________________Self-Check Exercise_________________________ How many VTRs are in the vent system in figure 1-20? 29 .

There are two VTRs. 30 .Lesson 1/Learning Event 4 ____________________ Self-Check Exercise Solution ____________________ Did you find both of them? That's right. One is on the end run of the water closets. and the other is in the shower room.

C. D. _______________ _______ _ _ ___ _________ _ ___ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Which symbol identifies a waste line? A. _______ _ _____ _______________ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _______ _ _ ___ 31 . C. 2. B. turn to the solutions at the end of the lesson and check your responses. B. If you missed any of the questions. 1. C. D.Lesson 1/Review Exercise REVIEW EXERCISE Check your understanding of lesson 1 by completing this review exercise. B. _______ _ _____ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _______________ _______ _ _ ___ 3. go back and restudy the place in the lesson where the information is given. When you are finished. D. Which symbol identifies a hot water line? A. Try to answer all of the questions without looking back at the lesson. Which symbol identifies a cold water line? A.

B. C.Lesson 1/Review Exercise 4. D. C. 5. B. 32 . outlet down? A. B. Which symbol identifies an elbow turned up? A. D. C. 6. D. Which symbol identifies an elbow turned down? A. Which symbol identifies a tee.

9. D. Which symbol identifies a globe valve? A. outlet up? A. 8. Which symbol identifies a gate valve? A. C. C. D. Which symbol identifies a tee.Lesson 1/Review Exercise 7. B. B. C. B. D. 33 .

show? A. C.Lesson 1/Review Exercise 10. drawing show? A. C. 1 2 3 4 How many water heaters does the drawing 34 . 1 3 6 8 How many urinal symbols does the drawing How many water closet symbols does the 11. D. C. Refer to figure 1-21. show? A. B. 2 3 4 5 12. D. Refer to figure 1-21. D. B. B. Refer to figure 1-21.

35 .Lesson 1/Review Exercise FIGURE 1-21.

Which symbol identifies a 1/8 regular bend? A.Lesson 1/Review Exercise 13. 14. B. D. C. 36 . C. D. Which symbol identifies a 90 degree regular T-Y branch? A. B.

B. B. D. Which symbol identifies a VTR? A. D. C. Which symbol identifies a P-trap? A.Lesson 1/Review Exercise 15. 16. 37 . C.

14. 16. 13. 7. 6. 2. 9. 10. 12. 3. 4. 5. 6.Lesson 1/Review Exercise REVIEW EXERCISE SOLUTIONS 1. 15. C C D C 5 A C A A D A A A C B B (para 3a) (para 7a) (para 3a) (para 4a) (para 4a) (para 4a) (para 4a) (para 5a) (para 5a) (See para 6a for symbol) (See para 6a for symbol) (See para 6a for symbol) (para 8a) (para 8a) (para 8a) (para 9a) 38 . 11.

Learning Event 1 MEASURE PIPE RUN LENGTHS 1. and length from a construction drawing. FM 5-51K. You will work in your own environment without supervision. paper. pencil. The list must contain all the materials by type. TM 5-704. REFERENCES TM 5-551K. STANDARDS You should be able to complete the lesson and answer the review exercise within approximately 8 hours. and an examination response sheet.Lesson 2/Learning Event 1 Lesson 2 LIST PLUMBING MATERIALS OBJECTIVE At the end of this lesson. size. 2. you will be able to list plumbing materials by type. 39 . A plumber is often required to make a list of plumbing materials from a construction drawing or a set of construction drawings. CREDIT HOURS 8. Prepare a plumbing takeoff list. CONDITIONS Given subcourse booklet EN 5110. You must respond correctly to 70 percent of the examination questions pertaining to this lesson. divider. ruler. TASK Task 051-248-1001. Horizontal pipe run lengths are measured using either graphic or ratio construction scales. size. and length to install a part of or the complete plumbing system.

DIVIDER ON SCALE 40 . first spread the divider from the center of one fitting to the center of the next fitting to get the length of the pipe run (fig 2-1). To make graphic scale measurements with a divider.Lesson 2/Learning Event 1 a. Where the other end falls on the scale is the pipe run length. Then place one end of the divider on 0 (fig 2-2). DIVIDER ON DIAGRAM FIGURE 2-2. FIGURE 2-1.

Where the other mark falls on the scale is the pipe run length.Lesson 2/Learning Event 1 b. To make graphic scale measurements with the straightedge of a piece of paper. STRAIGHTEDGE ON SCALE 41 . Then place one mark on 0 (fig 2-4). place the straightedge along the pipe run and mark the center of each fitting (fig 2-3) on the paper. STRAIGHTEDGE ON DIAGRAM FIGURE 2-4. FIGURE 2-3.

If the ratio scale is 1/4 inch = 1 foot. To make ratio of the ruler at the along the pipe run. inches on the diagram means 6 feet 6 inches of FIGURE 2-5. place the zero center of one fitting and the measuring edge Read the ruler mark at the center of the other 2-5.Lesson 2/Learning Event 1 c. scale measurements with a ruler. fitting. USE OF RULER WITH RATIO SCALE 42 . See figure the reading of 1 5/8 pipe.

Pipe hangs from ceiling -. the distance the pipe hangs from the ceiling. The length of pipe X is 3 feet 3 inches FIGURE 2-6. PIPE RUN FROM CEILING 43 . Fixture rough-in measurement -.Lesson 2/Learning Event 1 3. To find the length of pipe X in figure 2-6. a. and the fixture's rough-in measurements. 7 feet 11 inches minus 0 feet 2 inches = 7 feet 9 inches.7 feet 11 inches.4 feet 6 inches.0 feet 2 inches. 7 feet 9 inches minus 4 feet 6 inches = 3 feet 3 inches. use the floor-to-ceiling measurement. Vertical water-pipe lengths are computed using simple math. The pipe run can come down from the ceiling level or up from below the floor level. make the following computation: Floor to ceilings -. To determine a pipe run length from the ceiling level.

The length of pipe Z is 8 feet 1 inch. 7 feet 11 inches minus 0 feet 2 inches -. Pipe below floor -.7 feet 9 inches. use the floor-to-ceiling measurement.Lesson 2/Learning Event 1 b. To find the length of pipe Z in figure 2-7. the distance the pipe hangs from the ceiling. make the following computation: Floor to ceiling -. PIPE RUN FROM BELOW FLOOR TO CEILING 44 . FIGURE 2-7.0 feet 2 inches.7 feet 11 inches. and the distance the pipe is below the floor. 7 feet 9 inches plus 0 feet 4 inches -. To find a pipe run length from below floor level to ceiling.7 feet 13 inches or 8 feet 1 inch. Pipe hang from ceiling -.0 feet 4 inches.

3 inches. Fixture rough-in measurement -. make the following computation: Pipe hangs from floor -. To find a pipe run length from below floor level to a fixture. 11 inches plus 3 inches = 14 inches. PIPE RUN FROM BELOW FLOOR TO FIXTURE 45 . use the distance the pipe hangs below the floor and the fixture's rough-in measurements.Lesson 2/Learning Event 1 c. To find the length of pipe Y in figure 2-8.11 inches. The length of pipe Y is 14 inches. FIGURE 2-8.

If not. Compute the length of pipe Z.Lesson 2/Learning Event 1 _________________________Self-Check Exercise_________________________ 1. feet. Refer to figure 2-11. 2. in feet. Use the ratio scale in figure 2-10. of line X? FIGURE 2-9. again until you understand ratio scales. 46 . Use the graphic scale given in figure 2-9. paragraph lb. paragraph lb. of line Z? FIGURE 2-10. What is the length. read Lesson 1. What is the length. in USE OF GRAPHIC SCALE Did you get 7 1/2 feet? If not. good work. USE OF RATIO SCALE Did you get 8 feet? If you did. 3. good work. Continue with the lesson. Continue with the lesson. again. read Lesson 1. If you did get 7 1/2 feet.

8 feet 0 inches minus 4 inches = 7 feet 8 inches. Pipe hangs from ceiling -. study the example closely. Get your squad leader or platoon sergeant to assist you if you need additional help. Floor to ceiling -.4 inches. the length of pipe Z is 3 feet 8 inches. Therefore. MEASUREMENT OF PIPE How did you do? Did you get 3 feet 8 inches for the length of pipe Z? Let’s see how we got this answer. Fixture rough-in measurement -.8 feet 0 inches. Then continue with the lesson. 47 . If you have any problems with this computation.Lesson 2/Learning Event 1 FIGURE 2-11. 7 feet 8 inches minus 4 feet 0 inches = 3 feet 8 inches.4 feet 0 inches.

Rough-in measurement -. To find the length of pipe needed in figure 2-12.17 inches. 6 inches plus 17 inches = 23 inches. Vertical waste-system-pipe lengths are computed in the same way as vertical water pipe.Lesson 2/Learning Event 1 4. The length of pipe required is 23 inches. To find a waste-pipe-run length from below the floor level to a fixture. make the following computation: Bend to floor -. a.6 inches. FIGURE 2-12. VERTICAL WASTE PIPE 48 . use the distance from the center of the bend to the floor and the fixture's rough-in measurements.

To find a waste-pipe length from below the floor up through the roof. To find the length of pipe needed in figure 2-13. VERTICAL WASTE PIPE TO VTR 49 . use the total of all measurements from the bend below the floor to-VTR. FIGURE 2-13. make the following computation: Bend to floor Floor to ceiling Ceiling to roof Roof to top of VTR Total 7 2 1 10 8 inches feet 11 inches feet 2 inches foot 0 inches feet 21 inches The length of waste pipe required is 10 feet 21 inches or 11 feet 9 inches.Lesson 2/Learning Event 1 b.

Lesson 2/Learning Event 1 _________________________Self-Check Exercise_________________________ Refer to figure 2-14. Compute the length of the vent through the 50 . roof (VTR) shown.

VTR MEASUREMENT 51 .Lesson 2/Learning Event 1 FIGURE 2-14.

wasn't it? Did you get 12 feet 1 inch? we arrived at that answer. Bend to floor Floor to ceiling Ceiling to roof Root to top of VTR Total 0 7 2 1 10 12 feet 6 inches feet 11 inches feet 2 inches foot 6 inches feet 25 inches feet 01 inch Let's see how or If you had any problems with this exercise.Lesson 2/Learning Event 1 ____________________ Self-Check Exercise Solution ____________________ That was easy. 52 . look at the drawing again until you understand. Continue with the lesson.

Lesson 2/Learning Event 2 Learning Event 2 LIST WATER AND WASTE LINE FITTINGS 5. Water line tees are listed with the run first. See figure 2-15. FIGURE 2-16. This holds true for all water and waste line fittings. starting with the largest opening. METHOD OF LISTING ELBOWS b. a. METHOD OF LISTING TEES 53 . Water line elbows are listed with the largest opening first. See figure 2-16. FIGURE 2-15. and then the outlet. Fitting sizes are determined by the sizes of the pipe going to and from the fitting.

starting with the largest opening. List Y branches with the run first. The type and size of some fittings can be taken directly from the drawing. METHOD OF LISTING WASTE FITTINGS 6. Fitting sizes are shown by the sizes of pipe going to and from a fitting. Obtain a list of water line fittings from the construction drawing diagram. See examples in figure 2-18.Lesson 2/Learning Event 2 c. and then the outlet. rough-in information for each fixture and any other information indicated on the drawing. list bend sizes with the largest opening first. List the number of fittings by type and size. FIGURE 2-17. TEES one 2 x 3/4 x 3/4 inch one 2 x 3/4 inch three 2 inch ELBOWS two 2 inches one 3/4 inch 54 . a. For waste fittings. b. See figure 2-17.

FITTING SIZES FOUND IN DIAGRAM 55 .Lesson 2/Learning Event 2 FIGURE 2-18.

Note: The water closet rough-in diagram is furnished by the manufacturer. 56 .Lesson 2/Learning Event 2 c. See figure 2-19. Find some fitting sizes from the rough-in information for a fixture.

FITTING SIZES FOUND IN ROUGH-IN INFORMATION 57 .Lesson 2/Learning Event 2 FIGURE 2-19.

Note: This type of information is normally found on drawings for theater of operations (TO) buildings. the breakout in 11-C shows the method of installing one water closet.Lesson 2/Learning Event 2 d. This installation includes the water pipe and fitting going down to the flush tank. Find some fitting sizes from other information indicated on the drawing. In figure 2-20. The list of fittings by type and size required for the eight water closets is as follows: ELBOWS eight 3/4 x 3/8 inch two 3/4 inch TEES one 3/4 x 2 x 3/4 inch five 3/4 inch 58 .

FITTING SIZES FOUND ADDED TO DIAGRAM 59 .Lesson 2/Learning Event 2 FIGURE 2-20.

VALVES three 2-inch gate valves one 2-inch thermostatic mixing valve OTHER FITTINGS two 2. control. Obtain a list of water line valves by type and size from the construction drawing diagram and any other information indicated on the drawing. List valves and other fittings by type and size. A detailed breakout will show what is needed for installation.inch gate valves one 2 1/2 x 2-inch bushing 60 . See detail 1 in figure 2-21.Lesson 2/Learning Event 2 7. and stop the flow of water. Valves are used in water lanes to start. The water line going to and from the valve determines the size of the valve.

Lesson 2/Learning Event 2 FIGURE 2-21. VALVE SIZES FOUND IN DIAGRAM 61 .

Obtain a list of waste construction drawing and any drawing. b. system fittings by size from other information indicated on the the a. List the number of fittings by type and size. Some waste system fitting sizes by type can be taken directly from the drawing. LATERAL Y one 4-inch 45 degree regular two 4 x 2-inch 45 degree reducing BENDS one 4-inch 1/8 regular one 2-inch 1/8 regular P-TRAPS three 2-inch P-traps one 4-inch P-trap DRAIN one 4-inch SD 62 . See figure 2-22.Lesson 1/Learning Event 2 8.

Lesson 2/Learning Event 2 FIGURE 2-22. WASTE SYSTEM FITTING SIZES FOUND IN DIAGRAM 63 .

FIGURE 2-23. Prepare a plumbing takeoff list for all the materials needed by type. construction drawing (fig 2-24). The takeoff list from point Z to the water closet tanks is as follows: STEEL PIPE 47 1/2 feet (approximately) TEES one 2 x 1 1/2 x 3/4 inch one 3/4 x 1 1/2 x 3/4 inch five 3/4 inch ELBOWS two 3/4 inch eight 3/4 x 3/8 inch 64 . check it with the information below. When you have completed your takeoff list. Use the graphic scale (fig 2-23). and length for water supply service from point Z to all water closet tanks. and the water closet breakout 11-C in figure 2-24. Make all measurements using the straightedge on a piece of paper. size. GRAPHIC SCALE 10.Lesson 2/Learning Event 2 9.

TAKEOFF LIST FOUND IN DIAGRAM 65 .Lesson 2/Learning Event 2 FIGURE 2-24.

Try to answer all of the questions without looking back at the lesson. find the pipe length. Refer to figure 2-25. 66 . If you missed any of the questions. When you are finished.Lesson 2/Review Exercise REVIEW EXERCISE Check your understanding of lesson 2 by completing this review exercise. 6 feet 6 inches 8 feet 6 inches 10 feet 6 inches 13 feet 6 inches FIGURE 2-25 Using a ratio scale of 1/4 inch = 2 feet. D. go back and restudy the place in the lesson where the information is given. turn to the solutions at the end of the lesson and check your responses. B. 1. A. C.

Lesson 2/Review Exercise 2. A. find the water pipe length. Refer to figure 2-26. B. C. D. 6 feet 6 inches 7 feet 6 inches 12 feet 12 feet 6 inches FIGURE 2-26 67 . Using a graphic scale and a straightedged piece of paper.

A. C.Lesson 2/Review Exercise 3. Refer to figure 2-27. 3 feet 2 inches 3 feet 4 inches 3 feet 8 inches 3 feet 10 inches FIGURE 2-27. What is the length of vertical pipe Z? 68 . B. D.

Lesson 2/Review Exercise 4. 16 18 20 24 FIGURE 2-28. What is the length. 69 . Refer to figure 2-28. B. D. C. of the vertical waste pipe required to install the fixture? A. in inches.

B.Lesson 2/Review Exercise 5. How is the size of the elbow listed? 70 . D. 3/4 inch 1/2 inch 1/2 x 3/4 inch 3/4 x 1/2 inch FIGURE 2-29. C. A. Refer to figure 2-29.

Lesson 2/Review Exercise 6. C. 71 . A. B. How is the size of the tee listed? 1 x 1 1/2 x 3/4 inch 3/4 x 1 1/2 inch 1 1/2 x 3/4 x 1 inch 1 1/2 x 1 x 3/4 inch FIGURE 2-30. D. Refer to figure 2-30.

What is the size of the elbow at point X? What is the size of the tee at point Y? What is the size of the 45 degree regular 10. 9. 8. Refer to figure 2-32. Refer to figure 2-32. Refer to figure 2-31. B. 2 x 2 x 4 inch 2 x 4 x 2 inch 4 x 2 x 2 inch 4 x 2 inch FIGURE 2-31. How is the size of the waste fitting Use the construction drawing diagram shown in figure 2-32 to respond to questions 8.Lesson 2/Review Exercise 7. and 10. D. Refer to figure 2-32. listed? A. T-Y at point Z? 72 . 9. C.

Lesson 2/Review Exercise FIGURE 2-32. 73 .

D. FIGURE 2-33. How many 3/4-inch tees are required and listed to install water service to the water closets? A. Refer to figure 2-34. Refer to figure 2-33. B.Lesson 2/Review Exercise 11. 2 3 How many gate valves by size are required C. D. B. to be listed? A. 6 5 12. 8 7 C. 4 5 74 .

75 .Lesson 2/Review Exercise FIGURE 2-34.

3. D C 1 D D D C (para 2c) (para 2b) (para 3a) (para 4a) (para 5a) (para 5b) (para 5c) 2 inch (para 6a) 2 x 3/4 x 3/4 inch (para 6a) 4" X 4" X 4" or 4" X 4" or 4" (para 8a) D B (para 6d) (para 7) 76 U. 11. 8. 5.S.Lesson 2/Review Exercise REVIEW EXERCISE SOLUTIONS 1. 10. 9. 6. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 2000-528-075/20452 . 2. 7. 12. 4.

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