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.Wrong Choice of Media Each communication must be transmitted through an appropriate medium. An unsuitable medium is one of the biggest barriers to communication.
Physical barriers Noise-bad photocopies Time and distance-mechanical breakdown .
use words with positive connotations .Semantic barriers Interpretation of words Run has 71 meaning as verb. 35 as noun. 4 as adjectives Bypass instructions Denotations and connotations How to minimize semantic barriers? Use familiar words Clarify the shades or nuances/tones As far as possible.
Different comprehension of reality Abstracting-picking a few detail and leaving out others. . Inferring-drawing inferences from observation. Slanting-giving a particular bias or slant to the reality.
Socio-psychological barriers Attitudes and opinions Emotions Close mind Status-consciousness The source of communication Inattentiveness Faulty transmission Poor retention Unsolicited communication .