by University of Malaya Library (UML)

No Author Edited Book with an Author or Authors A Translation Edition Other Than the First Article or Chapter in an Edited Book Multivolume Work Reference List : Articles in Periodicals Basic Form Article in Journal Paginated by Volume Article in Journal Paginated by Issue Article in a Magazine Article in a Newspaper Letter to the Editor Review Reference List : Other Print Sources An Entry in an Encyclopedia Work Discussed in a Secondary Source Dissertation Abstract Government Document Report from a Private Organization Conference Proceedings Published Conference Paper Unpublished Conference Paper Academic Exercise / Thesis (Unpublished) 3 4 5-6 i .Chinese Names Author .Title General Rules Content Single Author Two Authors Three to Six Authors More Than Six Authors Author .Malay Names (without family names) Author .Indian & Sikh Names (without family names) Inherited Names Conferred titles Local Government Institution as Author Foreign Government Institution as Author Unique Corporate Body Names Organization as Author Conference Names with Numbers Unknown Author Page 1-2 Reference List : Book Basic Format for Books Edited Book.Chinese Names with English Names Author .

or Report Chapter or Section of a Web Document Online Forum or Discussion Board Posting Computer Software Reference List : Other Non-Print Sources Interview. and Other Personal Communications Motion Picture A Motion Picture or Video Tape with International or National Availability A Motion Picture or Video Tape with Limited Availability Television Broadcast or Series Episode Single Episode of a Television Series Television Broadcast A Television Series Music Recording Suggested Reading Materials 9-10 Appendix ii . Web Page. Email.Title Content Page 7-8 Reference List : Electronic Sources Article From an Online Periodical Online Scholarly Journal Article Online Scholarly Journal Article with Printed Version Available Article From a Database Nonperiodical Web Document.

(2002). (1994). Berndt." Omit bin/binti Harris.. Chu Chin Ning Cite as Chu. More Than Six Authors If there are more than six authors. Chemical Engineering Journal.Chinese Names First name first. T. N. Sun. (1995).. Wegener. G. C. 1190-1204.. Kuala Lumpur: Penerbitan Pustaka Antara. while the last author name is preceded again by ampersand (&). Two Authors List by their last names and initials. E. 59-65. D. A. Cruz. K. There's more to self-esteem than whether it is high or low: The importance of stability of self-esteem. A comparison of modeling strategies. Karper. commas separate author names. DeNiro... Current Directions in Psychological Science. Petaling Jaya: Fajar Bakti." Remember not to place a period after "et" in "et al.. C.Malay Names (without family names) Asmah Binti Omar Cite as Asmah Omar. (2001). Kernis. 1034-1048. D.. Friendship quality and social development. followed by author initials. M. D. 1 . (1983). followed by author initials. Author . Hoffman. 65. 213-245. R. P. Simulated counter-current adsorption processes. list the first six as above and then "et al. H. H... Writing labs and the Hollywood connection.. et al. 7-10." Three to Six Authors List by last names and initials. Stacks. Sarawak: Mini episodes of the past.General Rules Single Author Last name first. Cornell. E. & Petty. Author . V. Use the ampersand (&) instead of "and. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology. 66. & Harlow. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 44(3). R.Chinese Names with English Names Family names followed by the initials of the English name and the author initials Vincent Foo Hiap Khian Cite as Foo. Mood management across affective states: The hedonic contingency hypothesis. 11. (1993). J. P. M. 56. Berry.. R. T." which stands for "and others.. (1991). Author . Kemahiran berbahasa. Journal of Film and Writing. T.

).(1993). (2009). (2009). If the name starts with Foundation (Yayasan). 2 . Board (Lembaga). American Psychological Association. Inherited Names Cite as it is Raja Ahmad Niza. (2009). Jabatan Alam Sekitar. Department of External Affairs. Cite as Narrayani Jeganathan. MA: Merriam-Webster. (2009). cite as it is given Yayasan Sabah.Author-Indian & Sikh Names (without family names) Omit d/o. Cite as Raja Ahmad Niza. Springfield. a/l. s/o. a/p Narrayani a/p Jeganathan. Conferred titles Omit title Tun Mahathir Mohamad Cite as Mahathir Mohamad Local Government Institution as Author Foreign Government Institution as Author Unique Corporate Body Names Organization as Author Conference Names with Numbers Cite under state and followed by the name of department in Malay Pahang. (2009). Do not include the numbers Fifth Asia-Pacific Physics Conference Cite as Asia-Pacific Physics Conference Unknown Author Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary (10th ed. Cite under state or country and followed by the name of department in English New Zealand. (2003).

S.Brainerd (Eds. (Original work published 1814). R. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.E. & Brooks-Gunn. The battered child (5th ed. (1997). (1997). 15(30). R. A. B. & Valencia. This abbreviation. Plath. In M. New York: Dover. G. Chicago: University of Chicago Press Article or Chapter in an Edited Book Author. Keme. does not appear before the page numbers in periodical references. & Author. Editor (Eds. R. The eclipse of listening. The New Criterion. Location: Publisher.). Note: For "Location. M. 5-13. Truscott & F.). Editor & B. (Year of publication). (Eds. S. J.. J. DC: American Psychological Association. Ed. Memory development in cultural context.. W. Edition Other Than the First Helfer. A. A philosophical essay on probabilities. A. Note: When you list the pages of the chapter or essay in parentheses after the book title. Title of book (pages of chapter). Multivolume Work Scruton.D. R. but you should also include the state if the city is unfamiliar or if the city could be confused with one in another state.). (1996). (1951). Laplace.V. Consequences of growing up poor.). Calfee. (1991). 3 . A. Rogoff. In A. Title of chapter. Washington. (1985). (F. Edited Book. New York: Springer-Verlag. S. Kukil. 117-142). Edited Book with an Author or Authors A Translation Note: When you cite a republished work in your text." before the numbers: (pp. & Mistry. C. The unabridged journals (K. 1-21). Pressley & C.. Location: Publisher. (Year of publication). APA guide to preparing manuscripts for journal publication. B.. use "pp.J. except for newspapers. B. however. R. J. & Drugman.Reference List : Books Basic Format for Books Author. Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. (2000). New York: Anchor. it should appear with both dates: Laplace (1814/1951).. Emory. R. P. Cognitive learning and memory in children (pp. L.). Trans.). No Author Duncan. .." you should always list the city.

Fundamentals for preparing psychology journal articles. p. 1A. Schultz. is also italicized or underlined. Letter to the Editor Review Moller. (1993). the issue number gets indicated in parentheses after the volume. B2. Baumeister. pages. e. multiple pages take pp. Single pages take p. A. F. Scientific American. B4 or pp. III. C. Time. 15(30). 28-31. The periodical title is run in title case. pp. 893-896. (1983). The parentheses and issue number are not italicized or underlined. April 9).. (1990. and is followed by the volume number which. Scruton. (1996). The title of the article is in sentence-case. W. S. B. 5-13. The New Criterion. precedes page numbers for a newspaper reference in APA style. Title of Periodical. 135. Article in Journal Paginated by Issue Journals paginated by issue begin with page one in every issue. pp. Making the grade in today's schools. (2002. R.. 2A. or pp. Title of article. R. (2005. C.Reference List : Articles in Periodicals Basic Form The APA style dictates that authors are named last name followed by initials.g. 4 . Calls made to strengthen state energy policies. Therefore. Article in Journal Paginated by Volume Journals that are paginated by volume begin with page one in issue one. The Country Today.. 38. e. with the title.g. 55. p. 287(2).. Contemporary Psychology. Author. C3-C4. Harlow.. 12. followed by a period. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology. A. B2. (Year). August). Exposing the self-knowledge myth [Review of the book The self-knower: A hero under control ]. Ripples versus rumbles [Letter to the editor]. & Author. volume number(issue number). Henry. and continue numbering in issue two where issue one ended... G. Author. B. 466467. publication year goes between parentheses. Article in a Magazine Article in a Newspaper Unlike other periodicals. meaning only the first word and proper nouns in the title are capitalized. A. F. December 28). H. The eclipse of listening. C1.

Schnase. In The new encyclopedia britannica (Vol. Psychological Review. D. (1993).C.: Author. E. For example. 589-608. Clinical training in serious mental illness (DHHS Publication No.. . In the text. and you did not read the original work. 1993). Dissertation Abstracts International.. Proceedings from CSCL '95: The First International Conference on Computer Support for Collaborative Learning. 62. DC: U. and give a citation for the secondary source. (1995). 100.Reference List : Other Print Sources An Entry in an Encyclopedia Bergmann..). Boston College. 2001). if Seidenberg and McClelland's work is cited in Coltheart et al. Government Printing Office. Y. Models of reading aloud: Dual-route and parallel-distributed-processing approaches. NJ: Erlbaum. M..S. 501-508). Dissertation Abstract Yoshida. & Haller. reference in the References. NOTE: Give the secondary source in the references list. & Cunnius. list the Coltheart et al. Curtis. American Psychiatric Association. J. (1990). (1993). M. use the following citation: In Seidenberg and McClelland's study (as cited in Coltheart. National Institute of Mental Health. Washington. Practice guidelines for the treatment of patients with eating disorders (2nd ed.).. (2001). P. Work Discussed in a Secondary Source List the source the work was discussed in: Coltheart. In the text. B. Essays in urban transportation (Doctoral dissertation. P. & Haller.L.L. Curtis. 26. ADM 90-1679). Mahwah.. Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica. Atkins. (2000). Relativity. name the original work. G. Government Document Report from a Private Organization Conference Proceedings 5 . (Eds. 7741A. Washington. Atkins. pp.

(2008). S. Manila. (2006. copyright issues & burden to enforce in Malaysia.Published Conference Paper Hasmah Zanuddin. 6 . University of Malaya. In Choi K. KualaLumpur: University of Malaya. N. Kuala Lumpur. Y. Nadaraja Kannan. 121-138). Unpublished master’s thesis. Paper presented at the International Association of Historians of Asia Conference. Philippines. Research methods for business: A skill building approach. Kuala Lumpur (pp. Unpublished Conference Paper Academic Exercise / Thesis (Unpublished) Santini. International trade agreement of intellectualproperty rights (TRIPS). Korean studies in Southeast Asia: Strategic cooperation and development in research and education: nd Proceedings of the 2 International Conference of the Korean studies Association of Southeast Asia held on 29 January – 1 February 2007 at the University of Malaya.& Azizah Hamzah. Nov).). (Ed. (2007). The economic depression of the 1930s : Its impact on race relations in the Federated Malay State.

This will allow people to retrieve the print version if they do not have access to the database from which you retrieved the article.edu/jbe/twocont. Retrieved 20 February 2003. A List Apart: For People Who Make Websites. volume number.M. Retrieved 2 May 2006. Article From a Database When referencing material obtained from an online database (such as a database in the library). & Author. Include all information the online host makes available. A.com/articles/cite living Online Scholarly Journal Article with Printed Version Available Whitmeyer. I.cac.com/full /url/ Online Scholarly Journal Article Author. B. M. 7 . from http://www. from http://www. (2002). Title of Online Periodical. Journal of Abnormal Eating. from http://www. A study of enjoyment of peas. year. Power through appointment [Electronic version]. 8(3). Then add information that gives the date of retrieval and the proper name of the database. from PsycARTICLES database..Retrieved 20 February 2001. B. (2002). (Date of publication). & Author. 149. J. including an issue number in parentheses. year. D. L. the URL is not required. from http://www. A.com/full /url/ If the article appears as a printed version as well. B.psu. provide appropriate print citation information (formatted just like a "normal" print citation would be for that type of work). B. A. & Pease. Social Science Research. (2000). Use "Electronic version" in brackets after the article's title. 29. Title of article. Author. Parker. (Date of publication). M. L. Retrieved day. A. Retrieved month day.. 10 tips on writing the living Web. Kenneth.html Bernstein. (2000).Reference List : Electronic Sources Article From an Online Periodical / Databases Online articles follow the same guidelines for printed articles. Journal of Buddhist Ethics. Title of article. Smyth. A.someaddress. A Buddhist response to the nature of human rights. Title of Journal.someaddress. A. volume number(issue number if available)..alistapart. month. 535-555. 8.. A.

or Report List as much of the following information as possible (you sometimes have to hunt around to find the information. 2006. (Date of publication).3 Documentation (Apache modules. from http://httpd. include the title of the message.) Retrieved March 10. (1999. move up the URL to http://www. the thread of the message (not in italics).htm. PsychInquiry [computer software]. from http://www.apache. NOTE: If only the screen name is available for the author. NOTE: Use a chapter or section identifier and provide a URL that links directly to the chapter section. Frook.somesite. Module mod_rewrite : URL Rewriting Engine. Chapter or Section of a Web Document Author. year. B. Web Page. Provide any identifiers in brackets after the title. if the author provides a real name. Title of document. Retrieved day. B. 8 . then use the screen name. B. & Author. July 23). T.com/full /url/. B. Title of article.somesite. html Online Forum or Discussion Board Posting For a message posted to an online newsgroup. Retrieved day. D. (Date of publication).3/mod/mod_rewrite. Title of document (Date of publication).com/forum/messages/00025. and the URL of the newsgroup or discussion board.) for no date. provide a URL that links to the home page or entry page for the document.earthlink. A. A. In Apache HTTP Server Version 1. (1997).com/) Author. month. & Author.org/docs/1. year. New inventions in the cyberworld of toylandia [Msg 25]. and somepage. or discussion group. S. If there is a page such as http://www. R. month. year. month. as in other types of references. In Title of book or larger document (chapter or section number). If the date is unavailable for the document use (n.someaddress. B. A. from http://Web address.. Message posted to http://groups. Be sure to provide the exact date of the posting. from http://Web address NOTE: When an Internet document is more than one Web page. Engelshcall. not the home page of the Web site.Nonperiodical Web Document.ht ml Computer Software Ludwig. New York: Worth.d. Follow the date with the subject line. A.. Retrieved day. use their real name instead. (2002).com/somepage. However. forum.htm does not carry the information you are looking for.

The rising angel and the falling ape [Television series episode]. P. (Producer). Los Angeles: Belarus Studios. (Date of broadcast or copyright). & Director. M. Country of origin: Studio or distributor. I. P. W. Robbins. M. (1986). (Producer). Note: If a movie or video tape is unavailable in wide distribution. P. (Writer). & Director. 2001). add the following to your citation after the country of origin: (Available from Distributor name. (Date of publication). and Other Personal Communications No personal communication is included in your reference list. (Director). J. Title of episode [Television series episode]. full address and zip code). Television Broadcast or Series Episode Single Episode of a Television Series Television Broadcast Important. I. D. Writer. Series title. (2002). W. Motion Picture A Motion Picture or Video Tape with International or National availability A Motion Picture or Video Tape with Limited Availability Smith. & Turley. Creatures and monsters. A. (Director). November 1). (Producer). (2001). parenthetically cite the communicators name and the date of the communication in your main text only.F. (Director). 2002). S. Title of motion picture [Motion picture]. November 3. (Writer). IN 47907) Producer. City of origin: Studio or distributor. (Producer). January 4. United States: Paramount Pictures Harris. (Producer). (Director).D. (E. W. New York: Central Broadcasting Service. Email. Title of broadcast [ Television broadcast or Television series ]. 9 . J. West Lafayette. P.D. (Director). City of origin: Studio or distributor. M. Wendy.R. Writing labs: A history [Motion picture]. & Smithee. instead. Dude (Producer). D. Really big disaster movie [ Motion picture]. (Available from Purdue University Pictures. A. In D. Basic reference list format: Producer. (1990. The nightly news hour [Television broadcast].D. Producer (Producer). Smith also claimed that many of her students had difficulties with APA style (personal communication. In P. (Date of publication).Reference List : Other Non-Print Sources Interview. personal communication. & Martian. P. 500 Oval Drive.

W.L. Location: Label. (1975). W. D. (1992). Hollywood: American Broadcasting Company. Exciting action show [Television series]. (Producer). London: Big Pig Music Limited. On Captain fantastic and the brown dirt cowboy [CD]. Someone saved my life tonight [Recorded by Elton John]. Title of song [Recorded by artist if different from song writer]. B.A Television Series Bellisario. Taupin. On Title of album [Medium of recording]. University of Malaya Library (UML) Updated 25 June 2009/SB 10 . (Date of copyright). (Recording date if different from copyright date). Music Recording Songwriter.

Punctuation matters: Advice on punctuation for scientific and technical writing th (4 ed.). Li. Panduan penulisan saintifik: Manual untuk pelajar dan penyelidik. (1998). Upper Saddle River: Pearson/Prentice Hall. Medford. (2004). Lindsay. A. Routledge Falmer. (1999). (2003). Huckin. (1996). P.). London. nd Azirah Hashim. New: Routledge.Appendix Suggested Reading Materials Allison. (2008). (2006).). T. Electronic styles: A handbook for citing electronic information. Jariah Mohd Jan. (1991). R.). London: Imperial College Press. (2008). B. CA: Stargazer Pub. (2003). Gibaldi. Amato. Holtom. nd Biagioli. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka. Westminster. N. D. Kuala Lumpur: University of Malaya Press. th Holloway. J. M. N. B. Writing at university: A guide for students. Kuala Lumpur: IPS. & Crane. J. Guide to the preparation of research reports: Dissertations and theses. (1993). Enjoy writing your science thesis or dissertation: A step-by-step guide to planning and writing dissertations and theses for undergraduate and graduate science students.. (2003). J. N. How to write a thesis: The thesis writing journey from start to finish. Kirkman. Scientific authorship: Credit and intellectual property in science (2 ed.). D. C.). (2005). Technical writing basics: A guide to style and form (4 ed. New York: Modern Language Association of America. The world’s easiest guide to using the APA: A user-friendly manual for formatting research papers according to the American Psychological Association style guide nd (2 ed. New York: Routledge/Taylor & Francis. X. B. . New York: McGraw-Hill. Creme. Buckingham: Open University Press. MLA handbook for writers of research papers (6th ed.J: Information Today. Technical writing and professional communication: For nonnative speakers of English. The student’s guide to preparing dissertations and theses (2 ed.

O’Connor. Maidenhead. Mohd. Thousand Oaks: Corwin Press. Spon. Russey. nd Turk. Science and technical writing: A manual of style (2 ed. W. Othman. (2000). (1989). (2001).). Writing a successful theses or dissertation: Tips and strategies for students in the social and behavioral sciences. J. Trimmer. London: E & FN Spon. (1998). L. Winkler. (2008). Forth Worth. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. G. th Locke. Rugg. P. M. The essentials of MLA style: A guide to documentation for writers of research papers. L. nd Rubens. (2007).N. Successful scientific writing: A step-by-step guide for the biological and nd medical sciences ( 2 ed. New York: Routledge. Proposals that work: A guide for planning dissertations and grant proposal (5 ed. Effective writing: Improving scientific. (1999). England: Open University Press. . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Matthews.: Houghton Mifflin. technical and business communication (2 ed. Panduan penyelidikan sains dan penulisan saintifik. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. How to write a successful science thesis: The concise guide for students. A manual for writers of research papers. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka. Boston. Singapore: World Scientific. K. C. with an Appendix on APA style. (2007). Writing the research paper: A handbook with both the MLA and APA th documentation styles (5 ed. (2004). Yusof Hj. R.Lunenberg.). TX: Harcourt Brace College Publishers. E. Mass. A. & F.). theses. Yang. (1996). C. T. C. and dissertations: Chicago th style for students and researchers (7 ed.).). J. F. Thousand Oaks: Sage Pub. The unwritten rules of PhD research. Turabian. J. London: E. (2006). Writing successfully in science. (1995). (1991). An outline of scientific writing: For researchers with English as a foreign language.). F.

* to be used in conjunction with APA Formatting and Style Guide by the University of Malaya Library .

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