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Model Rocket Tutorial

Model Rocket Tutorial

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Published by: Ben Twiggs on Jun 07, 2012
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Sections

  • Introduction
  • Pre-requisites
  • Abbreviations and terminology used within this tutorial
  • Installation and setup
  • Pro|ENGINEER functionality addressed in this tutorial
  • ICT areas addressed in this tutorial
  • D&T subject areas addressed in this tutorial
  • STEM related areas addressed in this tutorial
  • Learning objectives:
  • Homework
  • Task 1: Set working directory
  • Task 2: Creating a new Pro|ENGINEER part
  • Task 3: Creating the rocket concept sketch
  • Task 4: Dimensioning the Rocket concept sketch
  • Task 5: Defining a geometric relationship
  • Task 6: Assigning the required dimension values
  • Task 7: Adding a Datum Planes to the concept
  • Task 8: Assigning parameters
  • Task 9: Creating an Assembly
  • Task 10: Adding the concept part to the assembly
  • Task 11: Creating the rocket fuselage
  • Task 12: Assigning material properties and other parameters
  • Task 13: Modelling the rocket nose cone
  • Task 14: Assigning material properties and other parameters
  • Task 15: Modelling the Fins
  • Task 16: Assigning material properties and other parameters
  • Task 17: Patterning the Fin
  • Task 18: Making the Slot for the Fin
  • Task 19: Creating the rocket motor tube
  • Task 20: Adding motor tube to the rocket assembly
  • Task 21: Creating the motor tube bulkhead
  • Task 21: Assigning material properties and other parameters
  • Task 22: Adding the second bulkhead
  • Task 23: Creating the terrain
  • Task 24: Now for a bit of Rocket Science
  • Task 24: Ready to Launch
  • Task 25: Simulated Launch
  • Task 26: Additional Activity Suggestions
  • Appendix AAAA
  • How to create new Materials
  • Appendix B
  • How to create a new colour
  • Appendix C
  • How to create the model-rocket motors
  • Task C1: Set Working Directory
  • Task C2: Modelling the Motor Case
  • Task C3: Modelling the rocket nozzle
  • Task C4: Modelling the rocket fuel grain
  • Task C5: Assembling the Rocket Motor
  • Task C6: Adding a Component Interface
  • Task C7: Adding a Datum Point
  • Task C8: Defining the Force

Starchaser model rocket tutorial

Schools Advance Edition

WF3M-SAE-L2-001-1

Starchaser model rocket

Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3.0 |

Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3.0

Starchaser model rocket

Written by Mike Brown and Copyright © 2006, Parametric Technology the Engineers and staff at Corporation (PTC) and Starchaser Industries Starchaser Industries Limited Limited. All rights reserved under copyright laws of the United Kingdom, United States and other countries. PTC, the PTC Logo, Pro Pro|ENGINEER, Pro|DESKTOP, Wildfire, Windchill, and all PTC Pro product names and logos are trademarks or registered trademarks of PTC and/or its subsidiaries in the United States and in other countries. Conditions of use Copying and use of these materials is authorised only in the schools, colleges and universities of teachers who are authorised to teach Pro|ENGINEER in the classroom. Pro All other use is prohibited unless written permission is obtained from the copyright holder Acknowledgements PTC: Andy Deighton, Tim Brotherhood

Feedback In order to ensure these materials are of the highest quality, users are asked to report errors to the author. mbrown@ptc.com Suggestions for improvements and other activities would also be very welcome. Product code WF3M-SAE-L2-001-1

PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 2 of 104

Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3.0

Starchaser model rocket

Table of Contents
............................................................................................................ ................................................................ Starchaser model rocket tutorial ................................ ................................ ................................ ............ 1 ............................................................................................................................. ................................................................ Table of Contents ................................ ................................ ................................ ............................. 3 ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................ Teachers’ notes ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ 5 Introduction ......................................................................................................................................5 Pre-requisites.....................................................................................................................................5 Abbreviations and terminology used within this tutorial...............................................................................6 Installation and setup..........................................................................................................................6 Pro|ENGINEER functionality addressed in this tutorial................................................................................7 ICT areas addressed in this tutorial........................................................................................................8 D&T subject areas addressed in this tutorial.............................................................................................8 STEM related areas addressed in this tutorial...........................................................................................8 ................................................................................................................................ ..................................................................................................... Background ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ..... 9 .......................................................................................................................... ................................................................ Starchaser Industries ................................ ................................ ................................ .......................... 9 ....................................................................................................... ................................................................ Lesson one – Product Requirement ................................ ................................ ................................ ....... 11 Learning objectives: ....................................................................................................................... 11 Homework................................................................................................................................... 11 ................................................................................................................................ .................................................................................................. Lesson two – ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ .. 11 Learning objectives: ....................................................................................................................... 12 ................................................................ .......................................................... Lesson three – Modelling the rocket concept ................................ ................................ .......................... 13 Learning objectives: ....................................................................................................................... 13 Task 1: Set working directory.............................................................................................................13 Task 2: Creating a new Pro|ENGINEER part ........................................................................................14 Task 3: Creating the rocket concept sketch ...........................................................................................14 Task 4: Dimensioning the Rocket concept sketch ....................................................................................18 Task 5: Defining a geometric relationship .............................................................................................22 Task 6: Assigning the required dimension values ....................................................................................24 Task 7: Adding a Datum Planes to the concept......................................................................................25 Task 8: Assigning parameters ............................................................................................................27 .......................................................................................................... ................................................................ Lesson four – Top Down Design ................................ ................................ ................................ .......... 28 Learning objectives: ....................................................................................................................... 28 Task 9: Creating an Assembly............................................................................................................29 Task 10: Adding the concept part to the assembly .................................................................................30 Task 11: Creating the rocket fuselage..................................................................................................32 Task 12: Assigning material properties and other parameters....................................................................39 Task 13: Modelling the rocket nose cone .............................................................................................41

PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 3 of 104

................................................................100 Task C6: Adding a Component Interface ................................................................................... ................................................................................................64 Task 21: Creating the motor tube bulkhead .................................................................................................................................................. . .............................................................................................................................. .........91 ............................................................................................................................................................................................. .................................................................................................................................................................103 PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 4 of 104 ..................................... ... 93 How to create the model-rocket motors .............................................................................................................................59 Task 18: Making the Slot for the Fin ......................................................................................................... ...........73 Task 24: Now for a bit of Rocket Science .......................................................................................58 Task 17: Patterning the Fin ................................70 Task 22: Adding the second bulkhead.................... ................................................................................................................................................................................................76 Task 24: Ready to Launch ...............................................60 Task 19: Creating the rocket motor tube.............................62 Task 20: Adding motor tube to the rocket assembly ........................................................................................................... .... 73 Learning objectives: .................... Lesson five – Modelling the Launch Pad .... 91 How to create a new colour ................66 Task 21: Assigning material properties and other parameters.................................................................... ...............................................................................................................93 Task C2: Modelling the Motor Case ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Appendix B ......101 Task C7: Adding a Datum Point ............................... ..................................................................................................... 73 Task 23: Creating the terrain .................82 Task 26: Additional Activity Suggestions ..............................93 Learning objectives: ................................. ............... ...........................................102 Task C8: Defining the Force.................................................................................................................................................. ....................................................................52 Task 15: Modelling the Fins ...........................................................................................................53 Task 16: Assigning material properties and other parameters........................................................................97 Task C4: Modelling the rocket fuel grain ...................... 88 How to create new Materials........86 .......................79 Task 25: Simulated Launch............................................................................0 Starchaser model rocket Task 14: Assigning material properties and other parameters.................................................. ........................................ 93 Task C1: Set Working Directory . Appendix A .................................................... Appendix C .................Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3............................................................................................ ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................70 ......................................................................................................................... .................................................................................94 Task C3: Modelling the rocket nozzle...... ..................................................................................................88 ...................................................................99 Task C5: Assembling the Rocket Motor ................................................... ...................................

0 Schools Advanced Edition.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. datum plane and coordinate system references etc. This Tutorial and Teacher Resource has been produced as a collaborative initiative between PTC© and Starchaser Industries as part of the PTC Design & Technology in Schools programme. intermediate and advanced activities aimed at providing Students with an understanding of the basic Engineering and Scientific concepts used in the design of model rockets.0 Schools Advanced Edition or Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. The rocket motors supplied used in this tutorial have been created in Pro|ENGINEER Schools Advanced Edition and therefore not compatible with commercial editions.0. and explore Mathematic and Scientific concepts via simulated launches.0 University Plus Edition This tutorial has been developed to explore some of the advanced capabilities of Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. If possible a mouse with a combined middle wheel & button can improve User interaction with Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire. While this tutorial can be used with other Pro|ENGINEER start parts there may be changes required in terms of view orientation. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 5 of 104 . This tutorial requires a basic to intermediate knowledge and experience in Pro|ENGINEER. however the modelling aspects of this tutorial can be conducted in either the Schools Edition or Schools Advanced Edition This tutorial contains screen and menu images taken from the Schools Advanced Edition so Users of other Pro|ENGINEER Editions may notice some slight differences. During these tutorials Users will learn how to create parts and assemblies. Mathematics and Design & Technology play within the Engineering process. The range of tasks within this tutorial demonstrates the integral roles that Physics. understand topdown design within Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. Pre-requisites Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. This tutorial has also been based on the use of Pro|ENGINEER start parts & templates supplied as part of the PTC D&T programme. Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire requires the use of a 3 button mouse.0 Starchaser model rocket Teachers’ notes Introduction The Starchaser© Model Rocket Tutorial contains basic.

assemblies and standard parts and requires these files to be loaded prior to the tutorial being delivered. • • • Copy the rocket_motors folder into pro_standards/part_libraries/ Edit the search_path. The Starchaser Model Rocket Tutorial comes complete with pre-prepared example parts.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. Installation and setup These Installation notes have been complied based on a directory structure used as part of the PTC D&T programme.0.pro file and add the complete directory path name for the rocket_motors (double click search_path.pro and open with WordPad to edit) Copy the material data supplied with this tutorial to pro_standards/material_database/ PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 6 of 104 . Users not part of this programme can still use this tutorial but may need to adapt either their Pro|ENGINEER configuration files or the directory structure used in the tutorial.0 Starchaser model rocket Abbreviations and terminology used within this tutorial Left-click Left-click-drag Right-click Right-click-drag Middle-click Middle-drag Press and release the left-hand mouse button Press and hold-down the left-hand mouse button and move the mouse Press and release the right-hand mouse button Press and hold-down the right-hand mouse button and move the mouse Press and release the middle mouse button Press and hold-down the middle mouse button and move the mouse The aim of the tutorial is to introduce students to the basic and intermediate solid-modelling and assembly processes and techniques and analysis functions available in Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. the UK CAD in Schools initiative and the deployment of Pro|ENGINEER.

angular. tangent. Geometric relationships (equation driven dimensions) Modelling • • • • • • • • • • Datum Plane creation Revolve Feature Shell Feature Extrude Feature Round Feature Chamfer Patterning (incl. Arcs. Reference Patterns) Warp Parametric modification Material properties Assemblies • • • • • Top down assembly modelling Assembly constraints Hide/Un-hide components Component Operations Component Instances Analysis • • Mass Properties Definition of a point force PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 7 of 104 .Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. Lines. Centrelines. Trimming… Sketch Palette Sketch References Mirror sketch geometry Geometric & dimensional constraints. Rectangles. radial & diameter dimensional constraints Geometric constraints. symmetric. Strong & Locked dimensions Linear.0 Starchaser model rocket Pro|ENGINEER functionality addressed in this tutorial. equal. • • • • Weak. Sketching • • • • • 2D geometry creation & modification Circles.

0 Starchaser model rocket ICT areas addressed in this tutorial • • Modelling Communication D&T subject areas addressed in this tutorial • CAD o Parametric feature based solid-modelling o Assemblies STEM related areas addressed in this tutorial • Physics o Force = mass x acceleration PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 8 of 104 .Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3.

For more information on Starchaser please visit www.uk PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 9 of 104 .co. Technology.uk For more information on Starchaser’s Educational Outreach Programme please visit www. the epitome of which must surely by the design and manufacture of spacecraft. affordable and reusable access to space for both the space tourism and micro-satellite launch markets. most notably the NOVA / STARCHASER 4 rocket. Starchaser Industries have offices in Las Cruces. Engineering and Mathematics (STEM). The design of a rocket may look basic in terms of its outer geometric shape.starchaserplc. Starchaser’s educational activities complement the national curriculum and help inspire and motivate students at all levels to pursue careers in the fields of Science. reliable. Starchaser enables new space related business opportunities by providing safe.co. Starchaser Industries also have a long established and highly successful Educational Outreach Programme that engages with both the general public and education. This tutorial will covers the design and assembly of the major components of a model rocket with the subsequent analysis of a simulated launch. New Mexico USA and are headquartered in Cheshire England. by current CEO Steven Bennett.space4schools.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. Starchaser have launched a number of reusable launch vehicles (rockets). Starchaser provides students with opportunities for involvement in research and development projects to actively promote the STEM subjects and encourage them to pursue higher education at the graduate and doctorate levels. Since being founded in 1992.0 Starchaser model rocket Background Within the diverse range of engineering disciplines and industries perhaps one of the most exciting and challenging areas is aerospace and aeronautical engineering. operation and commercialisation of space related products and services. but the science and engineering required to produce an aerodynamically stable and light-weight rocket capable of achieving high altitudes is complex. Starchaser Industries Starchaser Industries is a privately held international company that specialises in the development. after all it is Rocket Science.

PTC software is used in all aspects of Starchaser’s R&D activities from rocket engines to the airframe of the rockets. For a full list of files please refer to Appendix XXX. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 10 of 104 . Starchaser Industries are a PTC Performance Partner and have been using PTC solutions since 1999. assemblies and standard parts and requires these files to be loaded prior to the tutorial being delivered.0 Starchaser model rocket The Starchaser Model Rocket Tutorial comes complete with pre-prepared parts. Initially Starchaser used Pro|DESKTOP and in 2004 started to deploy Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3.

Homework Research current rocket designs and technology and also Lesson two – Aim: PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 11 of 104 .0 Starchaser model rocket Lesson one – Product Requirement Aim: During this lesson students should investigate the need for getting into space.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. weather. the Moon. • Why do we need to get into space? o Human Spaceflight o Satellites Satellite TV & communication Earth observation. Know the milestones in Human spaceflight Know the difference between being in space and being in orbit Know the planets in our Solar system Understand the need for Rockets This lesson should explore and investigate the need for access to space. how do we get into space? Learning objectives: By the end of this lesson students should: • • • • • Be aware of the benefits of space. the history of space flight. spy satellites… o Exploration. and how to get there. Mars… • • Where is Space? What’s the difference between getting into space and getting to orbit? Once the reasons for getting into space have been discussed.

0 Starchaser model rocket Newton laws of motion Learning objectives: PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 12 of 104 .Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3.

arcs.0 Starchaser model rocket Lesson three – Modelling the rocket concept Aim: In this lesson students will learn how to create a 2D concept of the rocket in Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. and points Mirror sketch geometry Define sketch dimensions o Create basic mathematic relationships between sketch dimensions. Start Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire In the Navigator Window (down the left-hand side of Pro|ENGINEER) browse to the “rocket folder rocket” rocket If the Navigator is not displaying Folders left-click the Folder tab Navigator Window. o Be able to create valid sketch geometry. o Task 1: Set working directory 1.0 Learning objectives: By the end of this lesson students should: o Know how to create a new part. Lines. and in the menu rocket” rocket that appears select Set Working Directory Directory. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 13 of 104 . 2. centrelines.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. Right-click the “rocket folder. o Define new Datum Planes o Assign project information to parts. at the top 3.

In the dialog box that appears enter “concept concept” concept Notice that Part is selected as the default Type Type. and the default coordinate system DEFAULT_CSYS displayed in the graphics windows and feature browser. Left-click to accept the settings and create the new Pro|ENGINEER part file When the part opens you should see the default Datum Planes. 6. 5. From the Pro|ENGINEER top toolbar left-click File Create New File .0 Starchaser model rocket Task 2: Creating a new Pro|ENGINEER part 4. From the Pro|ENGINEER top toolbar left-click Coordinate System on/off off the display to turn Task 3: Creating the rocket concept sketch During this Task you will create the Rocket concept as a simple 2D sketch. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 14 of 104 . For the purposes of this activity the DEFAULT_CSYS is not required. FRONT.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. TOP & RIGHT.

Pro|ENGINEER has automatically created two reference lines in the sketch. Pro|ENGINEER needs to know where to place the Sketch and how it is to be oriented. The reference lines will be used to position the concept sketch geometry. Before you start sketching. From the Feature Toolbar (down the right-hand side of Pro|ENGINEER) select the Sketch Tool . At this point you no longer need to see the Datum Planes or Datum Axes. Pro|ENGINEER will then automatically suggest/select the TOP datum plane as the Reference Plane to define the Sketch Orientation and Sketch view direction. 8. Pro|ENGINEER will issue a prompt along the bottom of the Pro|ENGINEER window asking you to: Pro|ENGINEER will also display the Sketch dialog which captures the selection of Sketch Plane and Sketch Orientation information. This will populate the Plane data box. to turn off the Based on the selection of the FRONT datum plane as the sketch plane and the TOP datum plane as the orientation plane. If this doesn’t happen.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. Pro|ENGINEER will automatically reorient the view to look directly onto the Sketch Plane. In the Pro|ENGINEER Graphics Window move the cursor over the FRONT datum plane and select it with a left-click. from the top toolbar.0 Starchaser model rocket 7. To accept these references and enter the Sketcher select Once in the Sketcher. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 15 of 104 . to reorient 10. 9. In the top to turn off the display of Datum Planes and toolbar left-click display of Datum Axes. left-click the view.

From the Sketcher toolbar select Create Line 12. To exit Create Line press the middle mouse button once (middle-click) or left-click Select Item toolbar. 15. Sketch a vertical line (as shown to the right).0 Starchaser model rocket Once in the Sketcher Pro|ENGINEER will display the Sketcher Toolbar down the right-hand side. X1. From the Sketcher Toolbar select Create Arc . to start the arc and then move the cursor to the position indicated. To place the end of the line left-click. X2. from the Sketcher 14. you will notice a red letter V which denotes that Pro|ENGINEER will create a vertical line). left click. (Pro|ENGINEER will snap to the end). keep the line as close to vertical as possible. Position the cursor over the upper end of the newly created line.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 16 of 104 . 13. (as you move the cursor the line will follow. 11. position the cursor at the position marked X1 and left-click to start sketching the line. (on the vertical reference line) and left-click to create the arc. Now move the cursor upwards to the position marked X2.

16. Move the cursor onto the horizontal reference line and left-click at the point indicated by X2. pull out menu select Create Centreline 20. (Pro |ENGINEER will snap to the end). Position the cursor over the bottom end of the vertical line.0 Starchaser model rocket The next step is to sketch the fin profile. From the Sketcher toolbar select Create Line . to start sketching the fin. Position the cursor over the vertical reference line and left-click (X1) to locate the first point of the centreline. X1. Move the cursor upward and create a vertical line with a leftclick at the point indicated by X3. 18.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. The next step is to mirror this geometry to complete the rocket concept sketch. The geometry created up to now defines just one side of the rocket concept. 17. Middle-click to exit Create Line Don’t worry about any of the dimension values at this point in time. 19. then move the cursor onto the vertical line and left-click at position X4. left click. X now move the cursor upwards and left-click again on the vertical reference line to create the centreline (X2) X PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 17 of 104 . In the Sketcher toolbar left-click the small up-turned arrow to the right of Create Line and from the .

Sketch a line across the bottom of the rocket (X1 & X2). X Task 4: Dimensioning the Rocket concept sketch PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 18 of 104 . and 24. .0 Starchaser model rocket 21. 23. 22.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. left-click the Notice how Pro|ENGINEER has added some small arrows to indicate symmetry. Select Mirror Selected Entities will prompt you to newly created centreline. Hold down the Ctrl key to perform multiple selection. . Pro|ENGINEER . In the Sketcher toolbar left-click the small up-turned arrow to the right of Create Centreline select Create Line . Now select all the rocket geometry (excluding the centreline).

Strong – the dimension can be modified but only directly by the user Weak . 25. This value cannot be modified either directly or indirectly. left-click the left-hand vertical line (X1) followed by the right-hand X vertical line (X2). weak” weak Note: There are 3 types of sketch dimension. The next step is to create the required dimensions. • • While these ‘weak dimensions fully constrain the geometry they weak’ weak don’t meet the required dimensioning scheme.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. X Note: Not e: The newly created dimension is a ‘strong dimension and is Blue. • Locked – the dimension is locked to its value. and then position the cursor below the X Rocket and middle-click to place the dimension (X3). These dimensions are typically grey in colour denoting they are “weak dimensions.0 Starchaser model rocket Pro|ENGINEER has automatically created dimensions to fully constrain the geometry. 26. From the Sketcher Toolbar select Create Defin ing Dimension Defining .the dimension can be modified directly (by explicitly changing the value) or indirectly (by changing other surrounding dimensions/geometry). The first dimension will define the Rocket diameter. The dimension has to be un-locked before its value can be modified. strong’ strong (colours may vary depending on User defined colour settings) PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 19 of 104 .

Left-click the end of the vertical line again (X1) and X then the end point of the arc at the very tip of the Rocket nose (X2).Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. Left-click the bottom line of the Rocket (X1) and the X upper end of the vertical line.0 Starchaser model rocket 27. move the cursor and middle-click X to place the dimension (X3). then move the cursor to the left and middle-click to place the dimension (X3) X 28. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 20 of 104 . this end point is X referred to as the vertices (the point where two line segments come together). X Notice as you create ‘strong’ dimensions the ‘weak’ dimension are removed automatically to ensure the geometry is not over constrained. (X2).

0 Starchaser model rocket 29. these will be modified later.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 21 of 104 . Using these dimensioning techniques create the remaining dimensions shown in the image to completely define the Rocket to the required dimensioning scheme. Don’t worry about the dimension values at this time.

i.e.0 Starchaser model rocket Task 5: Defining a geometric relationship There are many different types of Rocket nose cone. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 22 of 104 .Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. Conic Tangent O’give Parabolic However one of the most popular nose cones in model rocketry is the ‘Tangent O-give’ (pronounced O-jive). the nose length is 3 x diameter. from a simple cone to parabolic. An O-give nose cone has a specific relationship of 3:1 between the length of the curved nose section to its diameter.

Pro|ENGINEER will open the Relations dialog and change the dimensions into ‘symbolic dimensions’. 31. Notice how Pro|ENGINEER modifies the geometry to satisfy this new relationship. i.e. 33. To create this relationship. Left-click sd19 is the length of the curved section of the nose cone sd15 is the overall diameter of the nose cone to create the new relation. select Tools Relations Tools>Relations Relations. from the top toolbar.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. To create the required relation first select the length of the curved section of the nose (sd19 in the above image) and build up the relation sd19 =3*sd15 sd19= • • 32. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 23 of 104 .0 Starchaser model rocket 30. “sd19” (the numbers will most likely be different in your sketch).

To help in possible future modelling operations the next step is to add a couple of points to the rocket sketch. After entering the value hit the Return key to enter the value.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. Note: Note you will be unable to modify the nose length dimension as this is driven by the geometric relationship defined in the previous task. From the Sketcher toolbar select Create Point (X1 & X2) to create the required points. In the Sketcher Toolbar select Select Items . X . The next step is to modify the dimensions to the required values.0 Starchaser model rocket Task 6: Assigning the required dimension values During the creation of the Rocket concept sketch no specific dimensional values were assigned. Double-left-click each dimension value in turn and enter the required dimensions as shown in the adjacent image. Left-click at the points indicated PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 24 of 104 . 34. 36. 35.

Task 7: Adding a Datum Planes to the concept To help in the creation and assembly of the individual rocket components the next step is to add additional Datum Planes. 39. left-click Accept Sketch . 40. Select the TOP Datum Plane (X1). and in the Save 38. From the feature toolbar down the right-hand side of Pro|ENGINEER select the Datum Plane Tool Pro|ENGINEER will now prompt you to select up to 3 references to locate the new Datum Plane. and position the new Datum Plane. In the Datum Plane dialog box select the Properties tab and enter NOSE for the name. 42.0 Starchaser model rocket The Rocket concept sketch is now complete. Pro|ENGINEER now has enough information to create . To accept and exit the Sketcher. from the top toolbar select Save File dialog select . At this point save the part.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. 41. left-click PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 25 of 104 . then hold down the X Ctrl key and select the end of the vertical line where the arc of the nose cone meets the fuselage (X2) X . 37.

43. 48.0 Starchaser model rocket The next step is to repeat this process to create a new Datum Plane at the base of the fuselage. and in the Save PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 26 of 104 . Now hold down the Ctrl key and select the horizontal line which represents the bottom of the fuselage (X2). In the Datum Plane dialog box select the Properties tab and enter END for the name.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. Select the TOP Datum Plane (X1). from the top toolbar select Save File dialog select . Pro|ENGINEER now has enough information to create and position the new Datum Plane. 45. X 47. Parallel This will make the new Datum Plane parallel to the TOP Datum Plane. left-click the up-turned arrow and select Parallel. At this point save the part. Pro|ENGINEER will now prompt you to select up to 3 references to locate the new Datum Plane. 46. From the feature toolbar down the right-hand side of Pro|ENGINEER select the Datum Plane Tool . then in Datum X Plane dialog position the cursor over References (TOP:F2(DATUM PLANE and leftTOP:F2(DATUM PLANE) click to display the options. left-click . 44.

MODELLED_BY and PROJECT. 50. Pro|ENGINEER can capture other information which is a critical part of the design and engineering process. 49. At this point save the part. Click to accept your parameters. In the Parameter dialog fill in the Values for DESCRIPTION. From the Pro|ENGINEER top toolbar left-click Tools and from the pull-down menu select Parameters Parameters. 51. in that its geometric form is complete. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 27 of 104 . The Rocket Concept part is now finished. from the top toolbar select Save File and in the Save dialog select .0 Starchaser model rocket Task 8: Assigning parameters While the rocket concept is finished.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. For this concept part this information will be project information.

o Know how to add existing parts to an assembly o Know how to create a new component in assembly mode o Be able to reference geometry from one part to create another.0 Starchaser model rocket Lesson four – Top Down Design Aim: In this lesson students will learn how to undertake Top Down Design in Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. it is often best practice to use what is called ‘Top Down Design’. Revolve. Shell Patterns and Reference Patterns o Assign material properties and project information to parts o Change the appearance of parts (colour) o Perform a parametric change and update the assembly and its components. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 28 of 104 .Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. The first series of Tasks created the 2D layout. the fuselage and so on. or concept of the model rocket. this is where a product is developed from a basic top level concept. Chamfer. In industry. Round. Extrude. for example: a bottle screw cap is related to the diameter of the bottle top. This powerful technique can help maximise the benefits of parametric solid-modelling and assembly modelling where individual components can be designed within the context of the overall assembly.0 and create rocket components Learning objectives: By the end of this lesson students should: o Understand Top Down Design o Know how to create an assembly. Each component part of the final product is typically related in some way to the overall product. Top Down Design allows designers and engineers to tie interrelated components together so that if one changes the related components also change. this together with datum planes and datum axes can be used to design and control the individual components such as the nose cone. Sketch references Component Operations o Understand what sketch based and direct features are.

In the dialog box that appears enter “rocket rocket” rocket 53. From the Pro|ENGINEER top toolbar leftclick Create New File .0 Starchaser model rocket Task 9: Creating an Assembly In this Task you will create the top-level assembly for the rocket and add the 2D concept part. 52. ASM_TOP & ASM_RIGHT. Letf-click Assembly to define this new file as an assembly. ASM_FRONT. From the Pro|ENGINEER top toolbar left-click Coordinate System on/off off the display 55.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. and the default coordinate system ASM_DEF_CSYS displayed in the graphics windows and feature browser. For the purposes of this activity the DEFAULT_CSYS is not required. If the Datum Planes aren’t visible left-click Datum Plane s on/off Planes display to turn to toggle on their PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 29 of 104 . 54. Left-click to accept the settings and create the new Pro|ENGINEER assembly file When the assembly opens you may see the default Datum Planes.

prt then left-click Pro|ENGINEER will preview the concept part within the assembly and display the assembly dashboard along the bottom of the Pro|ENGINEER window. 57.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3.prt . Pan / Drag: Spin: Pro|ENGINEER now needs to be told where to place the newly added part PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 30 of 104 . properties.0 Starchaser model rocket Task 10: Adding the concept part to the assembly 56. In the dialog box that appears select concept. The Dashboard displays the various assembly options. concept . status and prompts. The newly added component can be moved around within the assembly using the mouse buttons and the Crtl/Alt keys. From the assembly toolbar down the right-hand side of Pro|ENGINEER select Add Component .

at the At this point you don’t need to see the Assembly Datum Planes. In the Model Tree (down the left-hand side of Pro|ENGINEER) select these Assembly Datum Planes and Axis (for multiple select hold down the Ctrl key). or the assembly Datum Axis ASM_DEF_CSYS. 62. To accept this assembly location left-click right-hand side of the Dashboard. This will position the concept part in the Default location.0 Starchaser model rocket 58. 59. Hide Pro|ENGINEER will hide these Datum’s in the graphics window and indicate they are hidden by changing the model tree icons. At this point save the assembly.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. 61. In the Dashboard left-click over Automatic and select . from the top toolbar select Save File Save dialog select . and from the menu select Hide. 60. ASM_RIGHT. and in the PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 31 of 104 . where the X0Y0Z0 of the part is positioned on the X0Y0Z0 of the assembly. Once selected right-click. ASM_TOP & ASM_FRONT.

0 Starchaser model rocket Task 11: Creating the rocket fuselage The fuselage (from the French fuselé “spindle-shaped”) is the main body of either an aircraft or rocket. If this template is not in the Copy From field leftclick 66. 67. 65.prt and left-click . 63. In the Choose Template dialog that appears select solid_start_part_mm. Once you’ve selected the correct template. If this file isn’t visible you can navigate to the file within the Choose Template dialog. Pro|ENGINEER will open up the Create Options dialog. Important: Important Make sure the Copy From field shows the required template part. In larger rockets this section is often referred to as the “booster” When using top down design you create the part ‘within’ the assembly. In the Component Create dialog enter “fuselage fuselage” fuselage for the Name and left-click . From the Pro|ENGINEER feature tool bar select Create a Component in Assembly Mode 64. in the Create Options dialog left-click .prt within the pro_standards directory. This tutorial has been developed to use solid_start_part_mm. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 32 of 104 .Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3.

The Dashboard can be used to set the required assembly constraint options. This will be accomplished by aligning Datum Planes. The required result is to align both Datum Planes with no offset (i.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. X Depending on how close these two Datum Planes are Pro|ENGINEER will determine a suitable assembly constraint. 68. Hold down the Ctrl and Alt keys and right-click-drag to move the new Fuselage part within the assembly. In the graphics window select the TOP Datum Plane (X1) of the Fuselage part followed by the X END Datum plane (X2) of the Concept part. 70. Pro|ENGINEER will also display the component placement Dashboard along the bottom the window.e. In the Dashboard make sure the Align option is selected and the constraint alignment setting is Coincident PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 33 of 104 .0 Starchaser model rocket Pro|ENGINEER will now create a new part and add it to the assembly. You will notice a new set of Datum Planes in the graphics window. coincident). 69. The Fuselage part now needs to be located within the assembly.

Definition. Coincident As assembly constraints are defined Pro|ENGINEER will indicate the status. The component will not be fully constrained. as indicated in the Model Tree by a small rectangle appearing in front of the component name: • .PRT from menu that FUSELAGE. Now select the RIGHT Datum Plane of the Fuselage part and the RIGHT Datum Plane of the Concept part.PRT.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. Again ensuring the Dashboard options are Align and Coincident. Again ensuring the Dashboard options are Align and Coincident.0 Starchaser model rocket 71. To return to component placement and complete the definition of assembly constraints go to the Model Tree and right-click FUSELAGE. at this point this will indicate STATUS: Partially Constrained 72. and take you out of component placement. Note: Note If at any point during the definition of assembly constraints you inadvertently perform a middle-click Pro|ENGINEER will see this as an Accept ( ). Now select the FR ONT Datum Plane of the FRONT Fuselage part followed by the FRONT Datum Plane of the Concept. appears select Edit Definition This will open up that Dashboard. Coincident Pro|ENGINEER now has sufficient information to change the status to Fully Constrained Constrained. 73. • From the top line of the Dashboard select Pla cement this will open up the Placement cement. To accept and finish locating the Fuselage from within the assembly left-click Accept the far right-hand side of the Dashboard. placement properties dialog Left-click New Constraint and then select the required Datum Planes to complete the assembly placement of PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 34 of 104 • .

PRT. • When finished left-click Accept and in the 74. The rocket fuselage will be created with an Extrude Feature. the Fuselage geometry needs to be created “in” the Fuselage part. from the top toolbar select Save File Save dialog select . 78.PRT and from the menu that appears select Activate Pro|ENGINEER will change the display of the component within the Activate. .PRT select the + in front of the graphic. To accept these references and enter the Sketcher select Pro|ENGINEER will now reorient the view to look directly onto the Sketch plane and also create two Sketch Reference lines. . Pro|ENGINEER will prompt you to .PRT (to expand FUSELAGE. 75. At this point save the assembly. as per standard Windows navigation) Pro|ENGINEER will automatically suggest/select the FRONT datum plane as the Reference Plane to define the Sketch Orientation and Sketch view direction. From the feature toolbar select Create Sketch Create 77. In the Model Tree select the TOP Datum Plane in FUSELAGE. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 35 of 104 . In the Model Tree right-click the FUSELAGE. Now that the new empty Fuselage part has been placed in the assembly the Fuselage geometry can be created. Model Tree to indicate the Fuselage part is active by display a small green diamond on the graphic. 76.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. To help in the creation of the fuselage sketch the view needs to be Isometric. FUSELAGE. At the moment every action is being performed “in” the assembly. An Extrude is a sketch-based feature and will use a circle which references the rocket 2D concept.0 Starchaser model rocket the Fuselage.

In the Sketch Reference Dialog left-click 84. X The sketch is now complete. The Datum Planes can be turned off. Left-click the point to create the required Sketch Reference (X1) and repeat the process for the second point (X2). left-click Datum Planes on/off . Pro|ENGINEER will open the Sketch References dialog. leftclick Accept Sketch . From the Pro|ENGINEER top toolbar select Sketch and in the pull-down menu that appears select References References. To Sketch the circle position the cursor over the intersection of the two Reference lines and left-click (X1). 86. 81. To accept and exit the Sketcher. . 85.0 Starchaser model rocket 79. Trimetric To enable the sketch geometry to reference the 2D rocket concept the geometry needs to be brought into the active sketch as a Sketch Reference. Move the cursor over the where one of the points are. 82. X X 83. 80. Now move the cursor over one of the points and left-click to create the circle (X2). Pro|ENGINEER will pre-highlight the point (you may need to look closely). this X will be the circle centre. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 36 of 104 .Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. From the top toolbar select Saved View List and from the menu that appears select either Isometric or Trimetric. From the Sketcher toolbar select Create Circle .

In the Dashboard select the small up-turned arrow next to the extrude depth option and from the options select Extrude to selected point. plane or surface . From the feature toolbar (down the right-hand side of Pro|ENGINEER). 88. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 37 of 104 . The fuselage extrude will also be linked to the 2D rocket concept sketch. Move the cursor to the end of the 2D rocket concept line.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. and left-click (X1) to select X it. 87. (Pro|ENGINEER will prehighlight the vertex). 89.0 Starchaser model rocket The next step is to extrude the circle. Pro|ENGINEER will automatically preview the extrude and display the feature Dashboard. select Extrude .

To step through the different offset direction left-click Change Direction . In this case enter 10mm 91. 92. In the Extrude Feature Dashboard select the Thin option The Extrude Feature Dashboard will change to show the different options for creating a Thin Extrusion. There are a number of ways to achieve this result: o Complete the Extrude Feature and then apply a Shell Feature o Sketch two concentric circles for the extrude o Use the ‘Thin’ option o The ‘Thin’ option creates an extrude with a ‘thin wall’. While the required wall thickness is 1mm it is often a good idea to enter a larger value so you can see in which direction the Thin is being applied. Once the direction is correct enter a wall thickness of 1mm 1mm. at PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 38 of 104 . The required offset is inside.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. To complete the Extrude Feature select Accept Feature the far right-hand side of the Dashboard. 93.0 Starchaser model rocket At this stage the fuselage extrude is solid but the final fuselage needs to be hollow. within this Thin Extrude Feature the wall thickness can be defined either internally. externally of symmetrical about the defining sketch. 90.

outside of the assembly. Pro|ENGINEER will open up the Materials menu. In the Menu Manager that appears (on the right-hand side of the screen) select Material Material.PRT and from the menu options that appear select Open.e. In the Model Tree right-click the FUSELAGE.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 39 of 104 . From the Pro|ENGINEER top toolbar select Edit and in menu that appears select Setup… 96.0 Starchaser model rocket This stage of the Fuselage design is complete and the geometry has been created within the Rocket assembly and linked to the 2D rocket concept. i. Open Pro|ENGINEER will Open FUSELAGE.PRT as a separate file. 95. 94. Task 12: Assigning material properties and other parameters The next step is to assign material and project information.

in that its geometric form is complete. The Rocket Fuselage part is now finished. cardboard 98. For this concept part this information will be project information. At this point save the part.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. Pro|ENGINEER can capture other information which is a critical part of the design and engineering process. 100. Click to accept your parameters. from the top toolbar select Save File and in the Save dialog select . . MODELLED_BY and PROJECT. In the Materials menu select “cardboard cardboard”. In the Parameter dialog fill in the Values for DESCRIPTION. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 40 of 104 . To assign it to the model left-click the right pointing triple arrow and then in the Menu Manager select Done Done. followed by Note: Note If you can’t see “cardboard” in the list of available materials please refer to Appendix XX While the rocket fuselage is finished. 99.0 Starchaser model rocket 97. 101. From the Pro|ENGINEER top toolbar left-click Tools and from the pull-down menu select Parameters Parameters.

Toggle on the Datum Plane display .prt within the pro_standards directory. in the Create Options dialog left-click . again within context of the rocket assembly. NOTE: NOTE When you have more than one Pro|ENGINEER part and/or assembly open always use the above method for switching between parts. From the Pro|ENGINEER feature tool bar select Create a Component in Assembly Mode .ASM This ROCKET. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 41 of 104 . 105. will display the rocket assembly window. Pro|ENGINEER will open up the Create Options dialog.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. 102. This ensures that Pro|ENGINEER synchronises the part being displayed to the User menu/actions . As when creating the Fuselage component: Make sure the Copy From field shows the required template part.ASM. Do NOT select the parts from the Microsoft Windows Taskbar along the bottom of your screen. This tutorial has been developed to use solid_start_part_mm. 106. Once you’ve selected the correct template. In the Pro|ENGINEER top toolbar left-click Window and selet ROCKET. In the Component Create dialog enter “nose_cone nose_cone” nose_cone for the Name and left-click .0 Starchaser model rocket Task 13: Modelling the rocket nose cone The next task is to model the nose cone. 104. 103.

109. coincident) The Dashboard can be used to set the required assembly constraints. Pro|ENGINEER will also display the component placement Dashboard along the bottom the window. In the Dashboard make sure the Align option is selected and the constraint alignment setting is Coincident PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 42 of 104 . The nose_cone part now needs to be located within the assembly.0 Starchaser model rocket Pro|ENGINEER will now create a new part and add it to the assembly.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. In the graphics window select the TOP Datum Plane (X1) of the nose_cone followed by the X NOSE Datum Plane (X2) of the Concept part. 108.e. 107. You will notice a new set of Datum Planes in the graphics window. Hold down the Ctrl and Alt keys and right-click-drag to move the new nose_cone part within the assembly. The required result is to align both Datum Planes with no offset (i. this will be accomplished by aligning Datum Planes. As with the Fuselage. X Depending on how close these two Datum Planes are Pro|ENGINEER will determine a suitable assembly constraint.

Pro|ENGINEER is currently active in the assembly so the NOSE_CONE.PRT. and in the The next step is to create the nose cone geometry.PRT select Activate Pro|ENGINEER will change the display of the compoent within the Activate.PRT . At this point save the assembly.PRT select the + infront of the graphic. Pro|ENGINEER will prompt you to . From the feature toolbar select Create Sketch 116.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. In the Model Tree right-click the NOSE_CONE. NOSE_CONE. In the Model Tree select the FRONT Datum Plane in NOSE_CONE. Model Tree to indicate the Fuselage part is active by display a small green diamond . 115. 111.PRT and from the menu that appears NOSE_CONE. from the top toolbar select Save File Save dialog select . A Revolve is a sketch-based feature and will use a 2D profile based which will reference both the concept geometry and the fuselage. Again ensuring the Dashboard options are Align and Coincident Coincident.PRT (to expand NOSE_CONE. . Now select the FRONT Datum Plane of the nose_cone part and the FRONT Datum Plane of the Concept part. The nose cone will be created using a Revolve Feature.PRT needs to be activated 114. on the graphic. Once more ensuring Align and Coincident Coincident. Finally select the RIGHT Datum Plane of the nose_cone part and the RIGHT Datum Plane of the Concept part.0 Starchaser model rocket 110. 113. 112. To accept and finish locating the nose_cone leftclick Accept for the far right of the Dashboard. as per standard Windows navigation) Pro|ENGINEER will automatically suggest/select the TOP datum plane as the Reference Plane to define the Sketch PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 43 of 104 .

The nose cone will directly reference geometry within the 2D concept and the fuselage model. 119. Left-click Datum Planes on/off .Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. X This will create a new reference line in the nose cone part which will always be linked to the fuselage via the assembly. At this point the Datum Planes are no longer required. 117. 118. To help in the selection of the required reference geometry zoom in to the nose and from the Top Toolbar left-click Wireframe Hidden to change the the view display 120. From the Top Toolbar select Sketch>References and move the cursor over the fuselage model until the inner edge highlights and the left-click (X1). To accept these references and enter the Sketcher select Pro|ENGINEER will now reorient the view to look directly onto the Sketch plane and also create two Sketch Reference lines.0 Starchaser model rocket Orientation and Sketch view direction. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 44 of 104 .

This type of design change is often referred to as “Design for Manufacture” and is an important part of the engineering process. From the sketch toolbar select Create Circle . X 124.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. 121. From the sketch toolbar left-click Select Items to exit Create Cirlce. Manufacture of the nose cone mould tool would be easier if the nose didn’t come to such a sharp point and as long as the aerodynamic properties were’nt compromised the design change is acceptable. For example in the case of the nose cone. then in the Type dialog select close. X Move the cursor onto the arc until you see T which indicate a Tangent constraint will be created. and left click to create the circle (X2). 122. Poisition the cursor over the vertical reference line just below the point of the 2D nose cone and left-click to position the circle’s centre (X1). From the Feature Toolbar select Create Entity from Edge X and select the arc (X1). Using the Top Down approach the nose cone production part can be modelled to better suit manufacturing and in-service requirements. the 2D concept has the nose coming to a sharp point. Don’t worry about the dimension just yet. In industry there is often a difference between the design concept and the actual manufactured component. In this case this means adding a small round on the nose cone point. 123. Also such a sharp point would soon become damaged during use.0 Starchaser model rocket The next step is to bring the arc for the nose cone into the sketch nose cone. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 45 of 104 . however to manufacture the mould tool required to create a plastic nose cone with such a sharp point would difficult and costly.

(as shown). (often referred to as Pro|ENGINEER will display small dots which indicate geometry segments. From the Sketch Toolbar select Dynamically Trim section entities Squiggle Trim). the geometry between the dots.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3.0 Starchaser model rocket To achieve the required result some geometry needs to be removed. The Squiggle Trim will remove any segment geometry. i. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 46 of 104 . 126. Left-click-drag and move the cursor over each of the line segments that needs to be removed/trimmed.e. 125.

0 Starchaser model rocket The next step is to sketch the part of the nose cone that will attach it to the fuselage. From the Sketch Toolbar left-click Select Items Create Line. to exit PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 47 of 104 . then vertcally down (X3) and X then horizontally onto the main vertical reference line (X4). From the Sketch Toolbar Select Create Line . 128. This fast burning ejection charge overpressurises the fuselage and pushes the nose cone off and the parachute out. The rocket motor has a small delay composition which starts burning leaving a trail of smoke to help track your rocket. zoom out so you can see the top of the nose cone and select the end of the small arc (X5).Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. 127. While still in Create Line. It is therefore important that the nose cone fits nicely into the fuselage. In this case the nose cone will have a slide fit into the fuselage. Start the line at the end of the main nose cone arc (X1) and then move along the horizontal X reference line (X2) (futher inside the fuselage X reference line). X 131. X 130. Zoom into the area around the top of the fuselage. When the delay composition is fully consumed it ignites what’s called the ejection charge. 129. In model rocketry the parachute is typically deployed from the top of the fuselage: The rocket motor propells the rocket skyward and when all the rocket propellant is consumed the rocket continus to coast upward.

0 Starchaser model rocket The nest step is to create the required dimensioning scheme with the correct values. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 48 of 104 . As the nose cone geometry references the fuselage geometry if the fuselage changes diameter so will the nose cone.5mm. 132.5mm this 1. The dimension between the inside of the fuselage and the nose cone insert is set to 0.25mm this will 0. The nose cone point has a radius of 1.25mm.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. allow the nose cone to slide in and out of the fuselage. From the Sketch tollbar select Create Defining ad using the same techniqes Diemnsions used to dimension the Rocket Concept create the required dimensions with the correct values. will still produce an aerodynamic nose cone but without the sharp point.

138. 133. The next step is to add additional features to the nose cone. if nothing happens you may need to go back into the sketch using Edit Definition and check the sketch profile. Activate and from the pull-down menu select PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 49 of 104 . From the Sketcher toolbar left-click the small up-turned arrow to the right of Create Line select Create Centreline .0 Starchaser model rocket The last thing to do is create a centreline. To complete the Revolve Feature select at the far right-hand side Accept Feature of the Dashboard.) 137.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. select the newly created sketch. Create the Centreline along the main vertical reference line (X1X2). From the Sketch Toolbar left-click Accept Sketch 136. X The nose cone sketch is now complete. In the Model Tree right click Activate. These features can be created outside of the assembly. 135. From the Feature Toolbar select Revolve Pro|ENGINEER will automatically preview the Revolve and display the feature Dashboard. (If nothing happens. and from the pull-out menu 134. .

Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. To close the Appearance Editior select For information on how to create colours please refer to Appendix B PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 50 of 104 . Select the desired colour from the list followed by 141.0 Starchaser model rocket The next step is to change the colour of the nose cone. 139. From the Pro|ENGINEER Top Toolbar select View and from the pull down menu select . 140. .

at the far right-hand side of PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 51 of 104 . Left-click the bottom edge of the nose cone and set the value to 2 mm 144. 145.5mm for the shell thickness and make sure it’s applied to the inside of the nose. 142.0 Starchaser model rocket To aid insertion of the nose cone into the fuselage a small radius will be added to the insert section. To complete the Round Feature select Accept Feature the far right-hand side of the Dashboard. 146. The required nose is hollow. From the Feature Toolbar select Shell . Make sure no geometry is select to ensure the Shell will be applied to the entire nose cone. Enter a value of 1.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. From the Feature Toolbar select Round 143. To complete the Round Feature select Accept Feature the Dashboard. at At the moment the nose cone is solid.

0 Starchaser model rocket Task 14: Assigning material properties and other parameters The next step is to assign material and project information. 151. 152. Select LDPE.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. In the Menu Manager select Material 149. Parameters. In the Parameter dialog enter the values for DESCRIPTION. 150. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 52 of 104 . from the top toolbar select Save File and in the Save dialog select . 147.mat (Low Density PolyEthelen). followed by and then in the Menu Manager select Done Done. 153. Pro|ENGINEER will open up the Material menu. From the Top Toolbar select Edit and in the menu that appears select Setup… 148. From the Top Toolbar select Tools and from the menu select Parameters. To assign the material to the model left-click the right pointing tripple arrow . MODELLED_BY and PROJECT. The Rocket Nose Cone part is now finished. At this point save the part. Left-click to accept the parameters.

154. Repeat this process for the NOSE_CONE. 157. In the Pro|ENGINEER top toolbar left-click Window and selet ROCKET. Toggle on the Datum Plane display .ASM. NOTE: NOTE When you have more than one Pro|ENGINEER part and/or assembly open always use the above method for switching between parts. we will ignore these for the purposes of this tutorial. While there are a number of other important issues relating to rocket stability. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 53 of 104 . In model rocketry stability is usually achieved by adding Fins.PRT and from the menu select Hide Hide. Fins provide stability by using the air that flows over them during flight to keep the rocket flying stable.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. will display the rocket assembly window. Do NOT select the parts from the Microsoft Windows Taskbar along the bottom of your screen.0 Starchaser model rocket Task 15: Modelling the Fins When designing a rocket one of the most important issues is rocket stability.ASM This ROCKET.PRT and the assembly Datum Planes. 155. within the context of the assembly. The fins provide what is called “passive stability”. The rocket fins will be created in the same manner as the fuselage and nose cone. This ensures that Pro|ENGINEER synchronises the part being displayed to the User menu/actions . In the large commercial rocket this is achieved with “active guidance” which in some case is where the rocket engine moves to influence the direction of flight. 156. such as Centre-of-Gravity and Centre-of-Pressure. In the Model Tree right-click on FUSELAGE. At this stage we don’t need to see the nose cone or the fuselage.

From the Pro|ENGINEER feature tool bar select Assembly Create a Component in Assembly Mode In the Component Create dialog enter “fin for the fin” fin Name and left-click . Using the same techniques used to assemble the fuselage part into the assembly select the relevant Datumn Planes pairs: • • • Fin TOP Datum Plane to Concept END Datum Plane (Align & Coincident Align Coincident) Fin FRONT Datum Plane to Concept FRONT (Align & Coincident) Align Coincident Fin RIGHT Datum Plane to Concept RIGHT (Align & Coincident Align Coincident) 160. . As when creating the Fuselage & nose cone components: Make sure the Copy From field shows the required template part. Pro|ENGINEER will now create the new part and add it to the assembly.PRT and from the menu that appears select FIN.0 Starchaser model rocket 158. To accept and finish locating the new Fin part within the assembly left-click Accept . 159. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 54 of 104 .Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. Activate Pro|ENGINEER will change the display of the component within the Model Tree to indicate the Fuselage part is active by display a small green diamond on the graphic. In the Model Tree right-click the FIN. 161. Once you’ve selected the correct template.PRT Activate. in the Create Options dialog left-click . Pro|ENGINEER will open up the Create Options dialog. This tutorial has been developed to use solid_start_part_mm.prt within the pro_standards directory.

An Extrude is a sketch-based feature and will use a 2D profile based which will reference both the concept geometry. From the Feature Toolbar select Create Entity from Edge and select the fin geometry indicated (X1. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 55 of 104 .0 Starchaser model rocket The Fin will be created using a Extrude Feature. X2. X3). then in the Type dialog select The Fin will attach to the fuselage with a tab that will be inserted into a slot down the side of the fuselage (not yet modelled).Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. FRONT Datum Plane in FIN. 165. The tab will be controlled by both geometric and dimensional constraints. Sketch the tab geometry as shown using Create Line .PRT . Select the + infront of the Pro|ENGINEER will automatically suggest/select the TOP datum plane as the Reference Plane to define the Sketch 164.PRT. From the feature toolbar select Create Sketch 163. 162.PRT (to expand FIN. X .PRT select the graphic. as per standard Windows navigation) . Pro|ENGINEER will prompt you to FIN.

To help see the extrude better change the view orientation to either Isometric or Trimetric.0 Starchaser model rocket 166. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 56 of 104 . In the Constraints dialog select Create Equal Lengths and select the two small verical lines (X1. In the Sketch Toolbar select Impose Sketch Constraints . 170. The next step is to extrude the sketch into a solid. 167. and add the two dimension The use of geometric constraints ensures the tab will remain central to the Fin. The Fin sketch is now complete.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. 169. and X left-click . In the Sketch Toolbar select Create Defining Dimensions shown. 168. from the Sketch Toolbar left-click Accept Sketch . X2).

For the purposes of the Fin leading edge a D1xD2 chamfer will be applied. from 173. From the Feature Toolbar select Extrude Feature . 174. The solid needs to be extruded each side of the sketch to create the required Fin. change the depth value to 3mm 3mm. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 57 of 104 . Pro|ENGINEER automatically preview the extrude an open the feature Dashboard. To help the Fin pass through the air the leading edge will be chamfered. To complete the feature select Accept Feature the far right of the Dashboard. Pro|ENGINEER will display the Chamfer Dashboard. From the Feature Toolbar select Chamfer Tool . There are different options for Chamfer as shown in the illustration. 172. In the feature Dashboard change the depth options to Symmetrical .Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3.0 Starchaser model rocket 171.

PRT and from the menu select Activate 179. MODELLED_BY. Using either the drag handles or by entering the values in the Dashboard set the chamfer offsets to 5mm x 1. Select the required D1x D2 option and select the two top edges of the Fin (hold down the Ctrl key for multiple select). In the Model Tree. andn PROJECT. 181. from the far Task 16: Assigning material properties and other parameters 178. 182.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. assign a material to the Fin. To complete the feature select Accept Feature right of the Dashboard.5mm. 180. 176. As done previously with the Fuselage and Nose Cone. left-click FIN. The Fin part is now finished. You may also wish to change the colour of the part. Now define the other part Parameters. DESCRIPTION. 177.0 Starchaser model rocket 175. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 58 of 104 . At this point save the part. (Balsa_wood).

The pattern will require an axis.PRT and from the menu that appears select Hide Hide.ASM This will display the rocket assembly ROCKET. Pro|ENGINEER will display the Pattern Dashboard. At this point the 2D Concept is no longer required. NOTE: NOTE When you have more than one Pro|ENGINEER part and/or assembly open always use the above method for switching between parts. To complete the feature select Accept Feature Dashboard. Do NOT select the parts from the Microsoft Windows Taskbar along the bottom of your screen. In the Model Tree right-click CONCEPT. 185. 184. In the Model Tree select FIN. window. from the Top Toolbar select Display Axes on/off 186. 187.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. Change the Number Of Patern Members to 4 [ 2 ] 189. Select the Equally Space d option Space paced [3] 190. This ensures that Pro|ENGINEER synchronises the part being displayed to the User menu/actions . from the far right of the PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 59 of 104 .PRT and in the Feature Toolbar select Pattern . Change the Pattern Type to Axis [ 1 ] and select the Axis of the rocket (X1) X 188. The next step is to pattern the Fin. In the Pro|ENGINEER top toolbar left-click Window and selet ROCKET. At the moment there is only one fin in the assembly.0 Starchaser model rocket Task 17: Patterning the Fin 183.ASM.

The next step is to pattern this slot. in the small selection PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 60 of 104 . Select the Fin. prompting.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3.0 Starchaser model rocket Task 18: Making the Slot for the Fin The rocket now has 4 Fins around the Fuselage but the Fuselage doesn’t have any slots to take the Fin tabs. Pro|ENGINEER prompts: 194.e. this is where one pattern follows a previous pattern. In the Menu Manager select Cut Out Along the bottom of. 193. Again select selection dialog 195. in the User prompt section Pro|ENGINEER is . From the Pro|ENGINEER Top Tollbar select Edit and from the menu that appears select Component Operations 192. Select the Fuselage. followed by Done/Return in the Menu Manager 196. then select dialog. the slot pattern will follow the Fin pattern. you can do this by selecting the fin in the Model Tree by in the small expanding the Pattern Feature). (Make sure you select the first Fin in the pattern. To execute the operation select Done in the intermediate dialog Done. To see the result expand the Pattern Feature in the Model Tree and select all 4 Fins (left-click and hold down the Ctrl key). Rather than apply a normal pattern Pro|ENGINEER has the ability to create a Reference Pattern. 191. i. Continuing the Top Down design methodology the slots in the Fuselage will be created directly from the Fin tab within the context of the overall Rocket assembly. then right-click and select Hide from the menu.

199. In the Feature Toolbar select Pattern . Pro|ENGINEER will automatically detect there is already a pattern related to the Fin which created the slot and selects a Reference for the Pattern Type. To see the benefit of this Top Down approach right-click the Fin pattern in the Model Tree. the newly created slot 198. In the graphics window double-left-click the text 4 COMPONENTS and change the number to 3 (hit the return key to enter the new value). 200. From the menu that appears select Edit Edit.PRT and select . To complete the feature select Accept Feature the far right of the Dashboard.0 Starchaser model rocket 197. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 61 of 104 .Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. from 201. 202. In the Model Tree expand the FUSELAGE.

From the Pro|ENGINEER top toolbar leftclick Create New File . At this point save the assembly. The rocket motor will be held in a small tube. In the Model Tree un-hide the Fins. 206. In the dialog box that appears enter “motor_tube motor_tube” motor_tube Make sure that Part is selected as the default Type. 204. from the top toolbar select and in the Save dialog select .0 Starchaser model rocket 203. Type Left-click to accept the settings and create the new Pro|ENGINEER part file PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 62 of 104 . Pro|ENGINEER will regenerate the model to have just 3 Fins and also change the slot pattern in the Fuselage.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. The next steps will create the internal structure to hold the rocket motor. Save File Task 19: Creating the rocket motor tube The main body of the model rocket is now complete. 205. From the Top Toolbar select Regenerate Model .

2mm 210. cardboard’ 214. Pro|ENGINEER has the ability to automate the assembly of components using Component Interfaces. . Now define the other part Parameters.2mm). Toggle on the display of Datum Axes. 213. 18. and PROJECT. The next step is to create a Component Interface to help automate the assembly of the rocket motor into the rocket assembly.0 Starchaser model rocket 207. 18.2mm 212. Assign ‘cardboard’ as the material. To complete the feature select Accept Feature right of the Dashboard. giving it a wall thickness of 1mm on the outside option of the extrude. 216. 215. these tell Pro|ENGINEER how to assembly components together. 209. Change the diameter dimension to 18. MODELLED_BY.2mm. The motor_tube Sketch is now complete. TOP Datum Plane for the Sketch Plane. 208. Create a new Sketch selecting the Sketch. 217. (thus maintaining an internal diameter of 18.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. 211. From the Top toolbar select Insert and from the menu that appears select Model Datum then Pro|ENGINEER will now prompt: from the far PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 63 of 104 . Extrude the Sketch to a depth of 70mm and select the Thin . DESCRIPTION. from the Sketch Toolbar leftclick Accept Sketch . Sketch a cirlce with it’s centre at the intersection of the two default reference lines. You may also wish to change the colour of the part.

Offset in Coincident 220. 221. In the Component Interface dialog leftclick the default name (INTF001) and change this to MOTOR MOTOR. X 219. from the top toolbar select Save File and in the Save dialog select . For the end face the required Constraint Type is Align and the Coincident. save the part. Task 20: Adding motor tube to the rocket assembly PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 64 of 104 .0 Starchaser model rocket 218.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. Select to accept these settings. The Motor Tube is now complete. Select the outer cylindrical face of the motor tube (X1) and then select the end X face of the tube (X2).

You will notice that the use of a component interface removes the need to select geometry on the motor tube. 224. To assemble the motor tube first select the cylindrical face of the fuselage then the end face of the fuselage.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3.prt Pro|ENGINEER will preview the newly added component.0 Starchaser model rocket 222. In the dialog that appears select the motor_tube. From the Feature Toolbar select Add Component . PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 65 of 104 . Open the rocket assembly. The Dashboard will display different options to those seen previously as there is a component interface in the motor_tube part. To accept and finish locating the motor tube part within the assembly left-click Accept . 223. 225.

227. and hide these. Also select the assembly Datum Planes. ASM_RIGHT. (hold down the Ctrl key and left-click for multiple select) and right-click to bring up the menu. . To help in the creation and initial assembly placement of the bulkhead part. The bulkheads will be created within the assembly using a revolve feature.prt.prt. 226. solid_start_part_mm. In the Model Tree select all the parts except the motor_tube.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. 228. 229. ASM_TOP. Select Hide Hide. make sure the template part is solid_start_part_mm. As done previously. ASM_FRONT and ASM_DEF_CSYS. 230. From the Feature Toolbar select Create a Component in assembly mode .prt then select PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 66 of 104 . this will be achieved by adding bulkheads.0 Starchaser model rocket Task 21: Creating the motor tube bulkhead The motor tube is currently not attached to the rocket fuselage. components and geometry that is not required for the assembly process will be hidden. In the Component Create dialog enter “bulkhead bulkhead” bulkhead for the Name and left-click .

The next step is to create the bulkhead using geometry from both the motor tube and fuselage. Pro|ENGINEER will now create the new part and add it to the assembly. In the Model Tree right-click the fuselage. Pro|ENGINEER will issue a prompt along the bottom of the PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 67 of 104 .prt and from the menu select Unhide Unhide. At this point the Datum Planes are no longer required.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. From the Feature Toolbar select Create Sketch . From the Top Toolbar toggle the display of Datum Planes . Pro|ENGINEER needs to know where to place the Sketch and how it is to be oriented.0 Starchaser model rocket 231. Pro|ENGINEER will change the display of the component within the Model Tree to indicate the Fuselage part is active by display a small green diamond on the graphic. Still in the Model Tree right-click the new Bulkhead part and from the menu select Activate Activate. 236. 234. Before you start sketching. Using the same techniques used to assemble the fuselage and fin parts into the assembly select the relevant Datumn Planes pairs: • Bulkhead FRONT Datum Plane to motor_tube FRONT (Align & Align Coincident) Coincident Bulkhead RIGHT Datum Plane to motor_tube RIGHT (Align & Align Coincident) Coincident Bulkhead TOP Datum Plane to motor_tube TOP (Align WITH Align 5mm) AN Offset of 5mm • • 232. To accept and finish locating the new Bulkhead part within the assembly left-click Accept . 235. 233.

The bulkhead will reference the fusealge and the motor tube. 241. to help selecting the required geometry change the model display to Hidden Line . X PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 68 of 104 . 240. From the Top Toolbar select Sketch and from the menu that appears select References References. 239.0 Starchaser model rocket Pro|ENGINEER window asking you to: Pro|ENGINEER will also display the Sketch dialog which captures the selection of Sketch Plane and Sketch Sketch Orientation information. Start the rectangle at the intersection of reference lines with the motor_tube (X1) and then X move th cursor onto the reference line created from the inside of the fuselage (X2). Pro|ENGINEER will open the the Sketch References dialog. 238.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. Select the line which represents the inside of the fuselage (X1) and X the line which represents the outside of the motor tube (X2). X And select . . This will populate the Plane data box. From the Sketcher Toolbar select Create Rectangle 243. To accept these references and enter the Sketcher select . Pro|ENGINEER will then automatically suggest/select the TOP datum plane as the Reference Plane to define the Sketch Orientation and Sketch view direction. 242. In the Model Tree select the Bulkhead FRONT Datum Plane. 237.

Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3.0

Starchaser model rocket

244. Dimension the rectangle and give it a value of 1.5mm

on the 245. Create a centreline vertical reference line indicated. 246. The Sketch is now complete, leftclick Accept Sketch . 247. Change the view display back to Shaded .

248. From the Feature Toolbar select Revolve .

Pro|ENGINEER will automatically preview the Revolve and display the feature Dashboard. (If nothing happens, select the newly created sketch, if nothing happens you may need to go back into the sketch using Edit Definition and check the sketch profile.) 249. To complete the Revolve Feature select Accept Feature at the far right-hand side of the Dashboard.

PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 69 of 104

Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3.0

Starchaser model rocket

Task 21: Assigning material properties and other parameters
250. In the Model Tree, left-click BULKHEAD.PRT and from the menu select Activate Activate. 251. Assign the required material (cardboard) 252. Define the other part parameters; DESCRIPTION, MODELLED_BY, and PROJECT. 253. You may wish to change the part colour. 254. The Bulkhead part is now finished. At this point save the part.

Task 22: Adding the second bulkhead
The motor tube needs two bulkheads to securely locate it within the fuselage. 255. From the Top Toolbar select Window and from the make sure the ROCKET.ASM is the active window. 256. In the Model Tree right-click the FUSELAGE.PRT and from the menu that appears select Hide Hide. 257. From the Feature Toolbar select Add Component .

258. In the Add Component dialog double-left-click the bulkhead.prt bulkhead.prt. Pro|ENGINEER will preview the part and prompt:

PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 70 of 104

Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3.0

Starchaser model rocket

259. Select the outer cylindrical face of the motor tube followed by the small inner corresponding face of the new bulkhead part. 260. Then select the end face to the motor tube and the corresponding face of the bulkhead and create an Align and Coincident assembly constraint

The motor tube is now securely located within the fuselage. 261. In the Model Tree unhide the other rocket components.

To complete the model rocket assembly all that needs to be done is add the rocket motor 262. From the Feature Toolbar select Add Component and in the Add Component browse to the rocket_motors folder and double click the B_MOTOR.PRT. Pro|ENGINEER will preview the part and prompt: As both the B_MOTOR and MOTOR_TUBE contain a corresponding Component Interface the assembly of the motor is automated.

PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 71 of 104

To accept and the assembly location leftclick Accept .Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3.0 Starchaser model rocket 263. 265. In the graphics window select the white circle. Save the assembly PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 72 of 104 . Pro|ENGINEER will assemble the B_MOTOR based on the predefined assembly constraints held with the Component Interfaces. The Model Rocket assembly is now complete. 264.

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Starchaser model rocket

Pad Lesson five – Modelling the Launch Pad Aim:
Learning objectives:
By the end of this lesson students should:

Task 23: Creating the terrain

266. From the Pro|ENGINEER top toolbar left-click Create New File that appears enter “launch_pad launch_pad” launch_pad 267. Left-click

. In the dialog box

to accept the settings and create the new Pro|ENGINEER part file .

268. From the Feature Toolbar select Sketch Tool

Before you start sketching, Pro|ENGINEER needs to know where to place the Sketch and how it is to be oriented. Pro|ENGINEER will issue a prompt along the bottom of the Pro|ENGINEER window asking you to: 269. Select the TOP Datum Plane for the Sketch Plane Pro|ENGINEER will automatically Plane, select the FRONT Datum Plane as the Sketch Orientation Plane. 270. To accept these references and enter the Sketcher select 271. From the Sketcher Toolbar select Sketch Palette .

272. In the Sketch Palette dialog scroll down and double-left-click the square. 273. To initially place the square left-click any where in the graphics window. 274. Left-click in the Sketcher Palette.

PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 73 of 104

Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3.0

Starchaser model rocket

275. In the graphis window left-click-drag the small circle at the centre of the square over the intersection of the two sketch reference lines.

276. To increase the size of the square leftclick-drag the black arrow in the bottom right-hand corner (shown larger in the illustration). 277. To finsih sizing middle-click. 278. Double-left-click the dimension and change it’s value to 10,000 (10metres). 279. From the Top Toolbar select Refit Object 280. The Sketch is now complete, left-click . Accept Sketch 281. From the Feature Toolbar select Extrude . Extrude the rectangle Feature 250mm below the Datum Plane. 282. You may wish to change the colour of the model to green. To give the terrain a more realistic appearance the top face of the solid will be modified. 283. From the Top Toolbar select Insert and from the menu select Warp 284. Pro|ENGINEER will prompt you to: created solid. 285. Pro|ENGINEER will now prompt you to : 286. Right-click and from the menu that appears select Direction Collector In the Model Tree Collector.
PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 74 of 104

. Select the newly

Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3.0

Starchaser model rocket

select the TOP Datum Plane. 287. Pro|ENGINEER will change the visibility of the model, activate the Dashboard and prompt you to: . Select Sculpt .

288. In the Dashboard select Apply to one side 289. Change the number of Rows and 15. Columns to 15 This relates to what is called the ‘marquee’. You will see a network displayed with ‘nodes’ at the intersections.

.

290. To Warp the solid left-click-drag these nodes until you’ve created a pleasing terrain. Select Accept to finish and exit the Warp Feature

291. To create the launch pad create a new Sketch on the TOP Datum Plane. 292. Sketch a Circle 200mm diamter at the intersection of the two defualt reference lines. 293. Extrude this circle 50mm above the Datum Plane. 294. To help differentiate this feature from the surrounding terrain; from the Top Toolbar select View and from the menu that appears select . 295. In the Appearnace Editor change the Assignment critera to Surfaces Surfaces. 296. In the graphics window select the faces that make up the small cylindrical launch pad, (hold down the Ctrl Key for multiple select) and select followed by .

PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 75 of 104

What this means is that an object can have mass but its weight is dependant on the force of gravity. to be strong enough for the mission but light enough to fly efficiently. analysis for preview . The Mass of an object is calculated by the following equation: Mass = Density x Volume From the Pro/ENGINEER the top toolbar select Analysis>Model Model>Mass Analysis Model Mass Properties In the menu that appears select Feature then click C ompute Feature.0 Starchaser model rocket 297.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. virtual. The Launch Pad is now complete. Question: What is Mass Mass? Answer: Mass is the property of an object that causes it to have weight in a gravitational field. object that has volume. During the modelling section of this tutorial you should also have been assigning different materials to each component you’ve modelled. that means Pro|ENGINEER treats each component as a real. As an additional exercise you may wish to add some buildings to the launch pad area Task 24: Now for a bit of Rocket Science One of the most important aspects in Rocket Engineering is Mass Mass. During this tutorial each component has been created as a Solid Model. In space while an object still has the same Mass it has no weight as there is no gravity.e. save the part. Each of the materials has a different density. Rocket Scientists and Engineers work hard to design rockets with the correct strength to weight ratio. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 76 of 104 . i.

In the Mass Properties dialog select the Features tab. 301.m_p rocket. the select compute analysis for preview Pro|ENGINEER immediately calculates the Mass Properties of the Rocket assembly and dispalys the results in the dialog. Pro|ENGINEER will add the measurement feature to the Model Tree: PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 77 of 104 .Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. From the Top Toolbar select Analysis and from the menu select Model and then Mass Properties Properties. the name of the text file is the same as the Pro|ENGINEER file.0 Starchaser model rocket Pro|ENGINEER can calculate the mass of each component and the overall mass of the assembly with the click of a button.m_p. To Accept the settings and execute the command select Accept . 298. 300. Pro|ENGINEER will also create a text file in your Working Directory. in this case rocket. 299. For Users working in Pro|ENGINEER Schools Advanced Edition you can also create what is referred to as a “measurement feature” within the Model Tree. In the Datums section of the dialogtick PNT_COG this tells PNT_COG. Pro|ENGINEER to create a Point at the Centre Of Gravity within the assembly. In the Mass Properties dialog select Feature for the Type.

Newtons When someone asks you your weight and you reply “25kilograms” you are actually telling them your Mass. Question: What is Weight Weight? Answer: Weight is a Force exerted by a Mass as a result of it’s acceleration under gravity. Scientifically however. it is normal to state that the weight of an object is in fact a FORCE.6 m/s2) Mars (acceleration due to gravity on the moon is 3. In everyday life Weight is taken to mean the same as Mass. . NOTE: Mass is NOT weight. F=ma Force = mass(kg) x a cceleration(m/s2) Acceleration on Earth is taken to be 9.81m/s2 So for the Rocket: F = 0. what would the weight of the Rocket be on:• • The Moon (acceleration due to gravity on the moon is 1.73 m/s2) PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 78 of 104 . Weight is measured in Newtons. Save the assembly.0 Starchaser model rocket 302.17 Newtons So using the scientific meaning of weight.12(kg) x 9. To see the C-of-G point toggle on the Datum point Display 303.81(m/s2) F = 1. If you’ve used the dimensions.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. values and materials specified within this tutorial the rocket mass will be around 12 0grams 120grams 0grams.

307. An alternative to physically testing a product is test it virtuaally.0 Starchaser model rocket Task 24: Ready to Launch This task requires the use of Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire Schools Advance edition. 304.prt. Left-click create the new Pro|ENGINEER assembly. Some companies build prototypes which are used to test out the product. Pro|ENGINEER has a number of simulation capabilities from Finite Element Analysis to Dynamic simulation.prt launch_pad. launch sure the file type is Assembly Assembly. In the Add Component dialog double-left-click the launch_pad .Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. but this approach is often expensive and for large projects such as rockets simply too expensive. From the Pro|ENGINEER top toolbar leftclick Create New File .prt . In the dialog box that appears enter “launch Make launch”. This will position the launch_pad part in the Default location. or simulate the test within a computer. 306. where the X0Y0Z0 of the PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 79 of 104 . In the Dashboard left-click over Automatic and select . In this task Pro|ENGINEER will perform a simulated rockat launch to determine the maximum theoretical altitude the rocket could achieve. Pro|ENGINEER will preview the part and prompt: 308. to accept the settings and 305. From the Feature Toolbar select Add Component . A critical part of the engineering process is testing the product to see if it meets it’s design specification / requirements.

309.asm rocket. Zoom into the assembly until you can see the rocket. 316. Turn on the display of Datum Planes PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 80 of 104 . Turn on the display of Datum Axes Axes Pan / Drag Spin 314.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. Using the Ctrl and Alt keys and the mouse buttons. 315. While this is a correct constraint for basic assemblies the launch simulation needs to create a ‘Mechanism’ constraint. To accept this assembly location left-click The next step is to add the model rocket 310. The next step is to define the ‘translation’ along the axis. move the rocket into the general area of the actual launch pad. Select the Axis of the rocket (X1) and the Axis of the X launch Pad (X2). 312. at the right-hand side of the Dashboard. X Pro|ENGINEER will automatically assume an Align constraint. In the Add Component dialog double-left-click the rocket. In the Dashboard left-click Convert to Mechanism Connection .asm.0 Starchaser model rocket part is positioned on the X0Y0Z0 of the assembly. Pro|ENGINEER will create a Cylinder connection. Pro|ENGINEER will preview the part and prompt: As the launch pad is very large in comparison to the rocket it may be difficult to see the rocket. 311. 313. This type of connection will allow the rocket to slide along and around the selected axes. that is where along the Cylinder Axis should the rocket be located. From the Feature Toolbar select Add Component .

0 Starchaser model rocket 317.0 and left-click the Regen value value. 324. Left click Select component zero reference (a) component a and in the graphics window select the ROCKET_ASM. From the Top Toolbar select Drag Packaged Components . 321. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 81 of 104 . Tick Minimum Limit Enter 0. ASM_TOP Datum Plane of the ROCKET_ASM. In the menu that appears select Translation Axis. In the dialog change the Current Position to Current 0.0 for the value. Accept 325. 318. 326. to select this value as 0. Important: Important the default value is 10000.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. so you MUST enter 0. 320. 322. Limit. In the Drag dialog left-click Snapshots to expand the dialog. Axis 319.0. To complete the assembly process left-click .0. Tick Enable regeneration vaule 323. In the Dashboard select Placement Placement. Next left-click Select assembly zero reference (b) and in the graphics window select the top b face of the launch pad.

Mechanism The Pro|ENGINEER User Interface will change to display the Mechanism Toolbar and Tree. From the Top Toolbar select Saved View list select FRONT FRONT. to exit the snapshot This will allow you to quickly return to this assembly/mechanism. 331. and and Datum Task 25: Simulated Launch To simulate the launch Pro|ENGINEER will use the ‘Mechanism Design Option’.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. these arrows represent the predefined force/thrust of the rocket motor and the mechanism connection. . You will also notice the appearance of arrows on the rocket model. Left-click operation. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 82 of 104 . From the Top Toolbar select Applications and in the menu that appears select Mechanism. Turn off the display of both Datum Planes Axes 329. Save the file.0 Starchaser model rocket 327. This functionality is not available in Pro|ENGINEER Schools Edition. 328. In the Current Snapshot section left-click the camera . This will take a ‘snapshot’ of the current position/settings of the rocket. 330.

mm/sec^2 Note: Gravity is usually shown as 9. a more accurate value is 9. If the arrow direction is NOT pointing in the required direction change the Direction values in the Dialog. From the Mechanism Toolbar select Define Gravity . 336.0 Starchaser model rocket The next step is to define Gravity and the direction in which it is acting. Notice that the Magnitude setting for Gravity is 9806.65 mm/sec^2. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 83 of 104 . this is a rounded-up figure.e. 332. In the Mechanism Tree right-click INITIAL CONDITIONS and left-click New New. i. To accept the Gravity settings left-click . In the Initial Conditions Definition dialog left-click Current Screen and select Snapshot1 Snapshot1. Pro|ENGINEER will display a large graphic arrow indicating the direction of Gravity and open up the Define Gravity dialog. define the position from which the simulation/analysis is to start. 333. The next step is to set the Initial Condition. 334.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. 335. Select to accept these settings.80665m/sec^2.81m/sec^2.

From the Mechanism Toolbar select Define Analysis . 341. In the Analysis Definition dialog change: • • • Type to Dynamic Duration to 15 Select I.0 Starchaser model rocket The next step is to set up the ‘analysis run’ for the launch. Next select the Ext Loads tab and in the new dialog tick Enable Gravity Gravity. 342.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. 340. for example altitude over time. From the Mechanism Toolbar select reuslts Generate measure re uslts of analysis .C. or acceleration. Pro|ENGINEER can also produce graphs to help interpret analysis results. etc. Select to accept these settings. This is CRITICAL. if you forget to enable gravity your analysis will be incorrect. 337. State 339. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 84 of 104 . In the Measure Result dialog select Create new measure . 338.

from the Analysis toolbar . then right-click AnalysisDefinition1 (DYNAMICS) and from the pull-down menu select Run Run.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. then select select Generate Measure measure1 and then in the AnalysisDefintion1 in the Result Set area of the menu. In the dialog ensure the Type is set to Position then left-click the Select Point and select the tip of Motion Axis of the rocket’s nose cone. To run the analysis. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 85 of 104 . To review the measurement data created as a result of the launch simulation. in the Mechanism browser expand ANALYSES (left-click the small + ). Select to accept these settings and then to finish the Measurement defintion.0 Starchaser model rocket 343. 344. Pro|ENGINEER launch the rocket based on the force/thrust of the rocket motor. 345. and ANALYSES. 346.

http://nar.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3.org/SandT/NARenglist.rocketstuff.uk PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 86 of 104 . Pro|ENGINEER will display a graph of the new measurement. Task 26: Additional Activity Suggestions You can repeat this launch simulation with the other more powerful motors. There is also the option of simulating how high the rocket would fly if you launched from the Moon. For a complete list of model rockets and rocket motors please visit the Starchaser online shop at www.shtml You may need to extend the duration of the Analysis from 15 seconds to a long duration.g. To do this you will need to change the value of Gravity within the mechanism application. e. The US National Association of Rocketry has an extensive list of Data Sheets for the most popular model rocket motors.co. and enter the required Now that you’ve completed a number of ‘simulated’ launches why not consider doing a real rocket launch. click the Define Gravity icon values.0 Starchaser model rocket When you then select the Graph icon in the top left hand corner of the menu. Appendix C explains how to model rocket motors and apply the relevant thrust. Please refer to their web site. Starchaser stock a wide range of model rocket kits. Mars or Venus. 25 seconds or more for the more powerful rocket motors.

weigh each component and calculate its density and apply this to you Pro/ENGINEER model.0 Starchaser model rocket If you purchase one of these kits you could measure and model all the individual components. You can then run another simulated launch of this rocket then go out and fly the real model rocket and compare results. How would you measure the maximum altitude achieve by your real model rocket? PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 87 of 104 .Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3.

material density.e. For the purposes of this tutorial the only material property required is Density. Pro|ENGINEER can capture an array of matrerial information including: • • • • • Density Poisson’s ratio Young’s modulus Coefficient of Thermal Expansion And many more Structural and Thermal properties.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. • • From the Pro|ENGINEER Top Toolbar select Edit and from the menu that appears select Setup… In the Menu Manager select Mater ial Material This will open the Materials Menu PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 88 of 104 . i. As part of PTC’s D&T programme the pro_standards directory should contain a sample set of materials. The following steps explain how to create the materials required for this tutorial. Assigning materials changes the physical properties of the model.0 Starchaser model rocket Appendix A How to create new Materials A critical part of the Design and Engineering process is to assign material information to the model.

0 Starchaser model rocket PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 89 of 104 .Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3.

15e-07 • LDPE. selected for the Density To save this material for future use select .18e-07 • Balsa_wood o Density =1. Enter the material Density. • • For this tutorial the following materials are required: • Cardboard o Density = 8.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. New. This will open the Material Definition dialog • In the Material Defintion dialoog enter the required Name for the new material.76e-07 PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 90 of 104 . Enure the correct Units are Density. LDPE (Low Density PolyEthelene) o Density = 9.0 Starchaser model rocket • From the Materials toolbar select File and from the menu that appears select New.

Pro|ENGINEER will open the Appearance Editor dialog. The following steps will explain how to create a new colour.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3.0 Starchaser model rocket Appendix B How to create a new colour When creating models Pro|ENGINEER assigns a default colour to the part. • From the Pro|ENGINEER Top Toolbar select View and from the pull-down menu select . By default Pro|ENGINEER comes with a sample of colours. • • From the top of the dialog select Material> New Give the new colour a name i. new_blue new_blue.. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 91 of 104 .e.

in the main Appearance Editior You can now apply the new material to the model.8 o G = 3.B (Red. Now double-left-click Highlight Change the R.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. o R = 13 o G = 178 o B = 253 • Left-click • • • To define how the new highlight colour will react to light change the Shine to 10 and the I ntensity to 100 To finish creating a new colour select dialog.1 o B = 255 • • • • Left-click To define how the new colour will react to light change the Intensity to 46 and the Ambient to 20 20. .B (Red. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 92 of 104 . Green. o R = 2.0 Starchaser model rocket • In the Properties section of the dialog double-leftclick the Color Color Editor. Blue) settings to. This will open the • Change the R.G. Blue) settings to.G. Green.

0 Schools Advanced Edition. Learning objectives: By the end of this lesson students should: o Consolidated basic modelling techniques Sketching. If the rocket motors are to be created by the User as an extension exercise a new folder named “rocket_motors should be created within the rocket folder. Assuming all students will have access to a centrally accessed pro_standards this will allow all Users to access the model rocket motors. Extrude and Revolve features and assemblies Create ‘internal’ sketch-based features o Add Datum Points o Define a variable force using Mechanisms o Add a Component Interface for automated assembly of the motor Task C1: Set Working Directory The model rocket motors can be: • • Created by the User as an extension exercise to the Starchaser Model Rocket Tutorial Created by the Tutor/Trainer/Teacher prior to delivering the Tutorial. Part of this activity will require Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3.0 Starchaser model rocket Appendix C How to create the model-rocket motors Aim: In this section students will learn how to create a model rocket motor and assign a force to the motor. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 93 of 104 .Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. rocket_motors rocket_ motors” If the rocket motors are to be created by the Tutor/Trainer/Teacher prior to delivering the tutorial the new “rocket_motors folder should be created under rocket_motors” rocket_motors pro_standards/parts_libraries pro_standards/parts_librar ies folder.

select Define Define. i. c4. externally from the feature. The modelling of the rocket motor will use the ‘internal’ sketch method.e. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 94 of 104 . From the Pro|ENGINEER Feature Toolbar select Extrude Feature . c6. In the previous modelling operations used to created Sketch-based features the sketch has been created prior to the feature.0 Starchaser model rocket c1. c2. for trainers this should be pro_standards/part_libraries). this is where the sketch exists within the feature. In the Extrude Feature Dashboard left-click the word Placement this will open a small Placement. Create a new Pro|ENGINEER part with the name “B_MOTOR_CASE B_MOTOR_CASE” B_MOTOR_CASE c5. Dashboard slide-up panel. In the Navigator Window browse to the required folder (for students this should be their rocket folder. Right-click the rocket or part_libraries folder and select New Folder call this Folder older.pro be edited and the rocket_motors folder added. Task C2: Modelling the Motor Case The rocket motor case will be created by extruding a circle. folder “rocket_motors rocket_motors” rocket_motors c3.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. Pro|ENGINEER also has the ability to create what are called ‘internal’ sketches. Pro|ENGINEER will display the Extrude Feature tools and options in the ‘Dashboard’ along the bottom of the Pro|ENGINEER window. Right-click the newly created rocket_motors folder and select Set Working Directory. Directory Note: Important Note In order for Pro|ENGINEER to locate the rocket motor the search_path.

To accept and exit the Sketcher.0 Starchaser model rocket Before you start sketching. Pro|ENGINEER will orient the view to look directly onto the Sketch Plane. c8. in the top toolbar select At this point you no longer need to see the Datum Planes. to reorient the view. Pro|ENGINEER needs to know where to place the Sketch and how it is to be oriented.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. c7. c13. To accept these references and enter the Sketcher select . Pro|ENGINEER will then automatically suggest/select the FRONT datum plane as the Reference Plane to define the Sketch Orientation and Sketch view direction. Pro|ENGINEER will also display the Sketch dialog which captures the selection of Sketch Plane and Sketch Sketch Orientation information. Left-click the TOP Datum Plane. c11. From the Sketcher Toolbar select Create Circle . c10. Sketch the circle with it’s centre at the intersection of the two default reference lines c12. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 95 of 104 . In the top toolbar select to turn off the display of Datum Planes. If this doesn’t happen. Change the diameter dimension to 18mm 18mm. The Sketch is now complete. Once in the Sketcher. c9. left-click Accept Sketch . Pro|ENGINEER will issue a prompt along the bottom of the Pro|ENGINEER window asking you to.

c20. To complete the feature select Accept Feature from the far right of the Dashboard.0 Starchaser model rocket Pro|ENGINEER will automatically preview the extrude using an arbitrary value. MODELLED_BY. c18. Set the part parameters. and PROJECT. Assign cardboard as the material. c15. Select the Thin option and set a value of 3mm for the wall thickness. From the Top Toolbar select Saved View List and from the pull-down menu select either ISOMETRIC or TRIMETRIC to return to a more suitable view orientation. Make sure the offset is inside to give an internal diameter of 12mm.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. c17. from the top toolbar select Save File select . Save the part. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 96 of 104 . In the Dashboard enter a value of 70mm for the extrusion depth c16. and in the Save dialog In the Model Tree notice that the Sketch (S2D0001) is located internally to the Extrude 1 featured. c14. c19. You may wish to re-orient the view. DESCRIPTION.

again using the ‘internal’ sketch method. c21. c23.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. The nozzle will be created using a Revolve feature. Pro|ENGINEER will then automatically suggest/select the TOP datum plane as the Reference Plane to define the Sketch Orientation and Sketch view direction. select Define Define. c24. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 97 of 104 . Create a new Pro|ENGINEER part with the name “B_ NOZZLE B NOZZLE” c22.0 Starchaser model rocket Task C3: Modelling the rocket nozzle The rocket nozzle is one of the most important parts of a rocket engine/motor. In the Revolve Feature Dashboard left-click the word Placement this will open a Placement. From the Pro|ENGINEER Feature Toolbar select Revolve Feature . Pro|ENGINEER will display the Sketch dialog which captures the selection of Sketch Plane and Sketch Orientation information. c25. Left-click the FRONT Datum Plane. small Dashboard slide-up panel. Pro|ENGINEER will display the Revolve Feature tools and options in the ‘Dashboard’ along the bottom of the Pro|ENGINEER window. The nozzle helps expand the hot gas into usable upward motion (Thrust). To accept these references and enter the Sketcher select .

To create the dimensions which represent the diameter of the nozzle (12mm & 3mm) first right-click the centreline (X1) then the sketch X line (X2) and then the centreline once more X (X3). c28. c29. Create a Centreline along the vertical reference line. Sketch the nozzle profile shown on the right using Create Line . After X6 re-select X1 to close the profile. X PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 98 of 104 .Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3.0 Starchaser model rocket c26. c27. Add the dimensions shown on the rigjt and change their values. followed by middle-click to place the X dimension (X4). When creating the X3-X4 line segment make sure X Pro|ENGINEER displays L1 on X3-X4 and X1-X2 X X line segments to ensure they are geometrically constrained to the same length.

0 Starchaser model rocket c30. MODELLED_BY and PROJECT.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. In the Menu Manager select Mass Props c34.0000025 for the Density followed by c35. Task C4: Modelling the rocket fuel grain Model rocket motors employ the same propulsion method as that used by the Space Shuttle’s Solid Rocket Boosters. the Sketch is now complete. Save the part. Pro|ENGINEER will preview the revolve. c32. To complete the feature select Accept Feature from the far right of the Dashboard. Terminology: • • A Rocket Motor typically uses a solid propellant A Rocket Engine typically uses liquid propellant PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 99 of 104 . c31. While no pre-defined material exisits for the nozzle material a Density value will be applied instead. Next set the part parameters. As mentioned throughout this tutorial it is important to assign the correct material to ensure the Mass Property calculations are accurate. . c36.0000025 0. In the Setup Mass Properties dialog enter a value of 0. DESCRIPTION. left-click Accept Sketch . To accept and exit the Sketcher. After adding all the dimensions and changing their values. From the Pro|ENGINEER Top Toolbar select Edit and then from the menu select Setup… c33. The Nozzle is now complete.

This time do NOT 12mm use the Thin option. Create a new Pro|ENGINEER part with the name “B_PROP (propellant) B_PROP B_ PROP” c38. Save the part. a.0000034 c40. MODELLED_BY. The components will be assembled to form the rocket motor.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. Assemble the B_MOTOR_CASE B_NOZZLE & B_PROP as B_MOTOR_CASE. shown. Create a new Pro|ENGINEER assembly called B_MOTOR c44. Set the part paramters: c41. Task C5: Assembling the Rocket Motor While a rocket motor includes a few more components for the purposes of this tutorial we only need the motor case. c39. Finally add B_PROP PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 100 of 104 . c. Follow the same process as used to create the B_MOTOR_CASE to create a 15mm long Extrusion 15mm using a circle 12 mm diameter. Add B_NOZZLE and assemble it to the B_MOTOR_CASE. b. Set the Density at 0. First assemble the B_MOTOR_CASE and use the location. c43. DESCRIPTION. nozzle and fuel grain. PROJECT c42. c37.0 Starchaser model rocket The fuel grain will be created using an Extrude Feature.

In the Component Interface dialog left-click the default name (INTF001) and change this to MOTOR. For the end face the required Constraint Type is Align and the 5mm. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 101 of 104 . From the Top Tollbar select Insert and from the menu select Model Datum followed by Pro|ENGINEER will open the Component Interface dialog and prompt: c46. Offset in Offset with a value of 5mm Using an offset of 5mm will position the motor so that 5mm will protrude from the base of the rocket making it easier to remove after recovery.0 Starchaser model rocket Task C6: Adding a Component Interface Pro|ENGINEER has the ability to automate the assembly of components using Component Interfaces.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. c45. c48. Select the outer cylindrical face of the motor_case (X1) followed by the end X face (X2). these tell Pro|ENGINEER how to assembly components together. MOTOR c49. Select to accept these settings. X c47.

in the case of the rocket motor this will be a point force and will therefore require a point upon which to act.0 c53.0 Starchaser model rocket Task C7: Adding a Datum Point Pro|ENGINEER has the ability to add Forces to objects. and in PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 102 of 104 . c50.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. Select to accept the settings. drag it over the end face of the nozzle and then drop it (release the left mouse button) and give it an offset value of 0. from the top toolbar select Save File the Save dialog select . From the Feature Toolbar select Create Datum Point . c51. Select the Axis Next. At this point save the assembly. left-click-drag the small white drag handle (circled red). c54. Change the name of the point to “THRUST_POINT THRUST_POINT” THRUST_POINT c52.

The US National Association of Rocketry has an extensive list of Data Sheets for the most popular model rocket motors.org/SandT/NARenglist. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 103 of 104 .shtml c55.0 Starchaser model rocket Task C8: Defining the Force. From the Pro|ENGINEER Top Toolbar select Applications and from the menu select Mechanism Pro|ENGINEER will change the menus down the right and left-hand sides of the window. NOTE: NOTE THE FOLLOWING OPERATIONS WILL REQUIRE THE USE OF Pro|ENGINEER |ENGINEER Edition. right-click on FORCES/TORQUES and from the menu that appears select New New. Please refer to their web site. In the MECHANISM tree. http://nar. c56.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. Wildfire Schools Advanced Edition or University Plus Edition Most model rocket motor manufacturers’ have Data Sheets for each rocket motor in their range. These Data Sheets will contain the motor specifications and typical Thrust/Time curve.

Use to add new rows. c62. and then c61. c60. PTC in partnership with Starchaser Industries Educational Outreach Programme 104 of 104 . Change the XYZ to ensure the Force direction is acting up along the axis of the motor. The rocket motor is now complete.Pro|ENGINEER Wildfire 3. 1000 c58. In the Top Toolbar select Applications and from the menu that appears select Standard Standard. o Interpolation = Spline fit Important Note: Thurst figures will most likely be given NEWTONS (N). Select the Direction Tab c59. In the Force/Torque Definition dialog: o Name = “THRUST THRUST” THRUST o Type = Point Force o Left-click Select Point or Vertex and in the Model Tree window select the THRUST_POINT o Function = Table Enter the time Variable and the Magnitude as defined by the motor manufactures’ data sheet.0 Starchaser model rocket Pro|ENGINEER will prompt c57. Select . when entering values into Pro|ENGINEER multiply by 1000 to convert Newtons into mmkg/sec^2. Save the assembly.

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