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Pre Engineered Buildings

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Introduction to Pre Engineered Buildings Technological improvement over the year has contributed immensely to the enhancement of quality of life through various new products and services. One such revolution was the pre engineered buildings. Through its origin can be traced back to 1960’s its potential has been felt only during the recent years. This was mainly due to the development in technology, which helped in computerizing the design and design. Though initially only off the shelf products were available in these configurations aided by the technological development tailor made solutions are also made using this technology in very short durations. A recent survey by the Metal Building Associations (MBMA) shows that about 60% of the non residential low rises building in USA are pre engineered buildings. Although PEB systems are extensively used in industrial and many other non residential constructions world wide, it is relatively a new concept in India. These concepts were introduced to the Indian markets lately in the late 1990’s with the opening up of the economy and a number of multi nationals setting up their projects.The market potential of PEB’s is 1.2 million tones per annum. The current pre engineered steel building manufacturing capacity is 0.35 million tones per annum. The industry is growing at the compound rate of 25 to 30 %. With respect to design of the structure and aesthetic appearance India is way behind. Indian manufacturers are trying to catch up; comparatively PEB’s is a new concept in India. Beside, in fabrication and other areas of PEB India is very good. As compared to other countries Indian codes for building design are stringent but safer. IS standards are upgraded continuously. In India, American codes are also followed.

Pre engineered steel buildings can be fitted with different structural accessories including mezzanine floors, canopies, fascias, interior partitions etc. and the building is made water proof by use of special mastic beads, filler strips and trims. This is very versatile buildings systems and can be finished internally to serve any functions and accessorized externally to achieve attractive and unique designing styles. It is very advantageous over the conventional buildings and is really helpful in the low rise building design. Pre engineered buildings are generally low rise buildings however the maximum eave height can go upto 25 to 30 metres. Low rise buildings are ideal for offices, houses, showrooms, shop fronts etc. The application of pre engineered buildings concept to low rise buildings is very economical and speedy. Buildings can be constructed in less than half the normal time especially when complemented with the other engineered sub systems. The most common and economical type of low rise buildings is a building with ground floor and two intermediate floor plus roof. The roof of low rise buildings may be flat or sloped. Intermediate floors of low rise buildings are made of mezzanine systems. Single storied houses for living take minimum time for construction and can be built in any type of geographical location like extreme cold hilly areas, high rain prone areas, plain land obviously and extreme hot climatic zones as well. Applications of Pre Engineered Buildings (PEB) 1. WAREHOUSES 2. FACTORIES

LOWER COST: Due to the systems approach. QUALITY CONTROL: As buildings are manufactured completely in the factory under controlled conditions the quality is assured. SCHOOLS 11. This also allows faster occupancy and earlier realization of revenue. there is a significant saving in design. LARGE CLEAR SPANS: Buildings can be supplied to around 80M clear spans. RAILWAY PLATFORM SHELTERS Advantages of Pre Engineered Buildings REDUCED CONSTRUCTION TIME: Buildings are typically delivered in just a few weeks after approval of drawings. OFFICES 5. GAS STATIONS 6. VEHICLE PARKING SHEDS 7. WORKSHOPS 4. Our study shows that in India the use of PEB will reduce total construction time of the project by at least 50%. SHOWROOMS 8. FLEXIBILTY OF EXPANSION: Buildings can be easily expanded in length by adding additional bays. INDOOR STADIUM ROOFS 13. manufacturing and on site erection cost. AIRCRAFT HANGARS 9. The secondary members and cladding nest together reducing transportation cost. . BRIDGES 15. which results in long durability and low maintenance coats. OUTDOOR STADIUM CANOPIES 14. ready for the site bolting. RECREATIONAL 12. LOW MAINTENANCE : Buildings are supplied with high quality paint systems for cladding and steel to suit ambient conditions at the site. METRO STATIONS 10. Also expansion in width and height is possible by pre designing for future expansion. Foundation and anchor bolts are cast parallel with finished.3.

. compatibility of all the building components and accessories is assured. This is one of the major benefits of the pre engineered building systems. ARCHITECTURAL VERSTALITY: Building can be supplied with various types of fascias. and curved eaves and are designed to receive pre cast concrete wall panels. SINGLE SOURCE RESPONSIBILTY: As the complete building package is supplied by a single vendor. block walls and other wall systems. canopies. curtain walls.ENERGY EFFICIENT ROOFING AND WALL SYSTEMS: Buildings can be supplied with polyurethane insulated panels or fiberglass blankets insulation to achieve required “U” values.

Primary framing members are tapered built up section. Primary steel members are selected hot rolled “T” sections. Which are. . in many segments of the members heavier than what is actually required by design? Members have constant cross section regardless of the varying magnitude of the local stresses along the member length.Pre Engineered Buildings Vs Conventional Steel Buildings PROPERTY PEB BUILDINGS CONVENTIONAL STEEL BUILDINGS STRUCTURE WEIGHT Pre engineered buildings are on the average 30% lighter because of the efficient use of steel. With the large depths in areas of higher stress. Secondary members are light weight roll formed “Z” or “C” shaped members. Secondary members are selected from standard hot rolled sections which are much heavier.

Typically. Design shop detail sketches and erection drawings are supplied free of cost by the manufacturer. the erection costs and time are not estimated accurately. Heavy equipment ERECTION COST AND TIME . Drafting is also computerized using standard detail that minimize the use of project custom details. Both costs and time of erection are accurately known based upon extensive experience with similar buildings. conventional steel buildings are 20% more expensive than PEB in most of the cases. time is significantly reduced. PEB designers design and detail PEB buildings almost every day of the year resulting in improving the quality of designs every time they work Average 6 to 8 weeks Simple design. Erection process is slow and extensive field labour is required. The erection process is faster and much easier with very less requirement for Each conventional steel structure is designed form scratch with fewer design aids available to the engineer. Approval drawing is usually prepared within in 2 weeks. The connections are normally complicated and differ from project to project resulting tin increasing the time for erection of the buildings. Substantial engineering and detailing work is required from the very basic is required by the consultant with fewer design aids. Basic design based on international design codes are used over and over. heavy foundation required. Specialized computer analysis design programs optimize material required. There has to be separate allocation of labour for the purpose of erection. Periodic free of charge erection is provided at the site by the manufacturer. Average 20 to 26 weeks Extensive. easy to construct and light weight.DESIGN DELIEVERY FOUNDATIONS ERECTION SIMPLICITY Quick and efficient: since PEB’s are mainly formed by standard sections and connections design. Extensive amount of consultant time is devoted to the alterations that have to be done. Since the connection of compounds is standard the learning curve of erection for each subsequent project is faster. As each project is a new project engineers need more time to develop the designs and details of the unique structure.

Many sources of supply are there so it becomes difficult to co ordinate and handle the things. Special architectural design and features must be developed for each project which often require research and thus resulting in higher cost. It is required to contact more than one number of parties. Higher price per square meter. Change orders are easily accommodated at all stages of the order fulfillment process. Including pre designed flashing and trims. Flashing and trims must be uniquely designed and fabricated. Multiple responsibilities can result in question of who is responsible when the components do not fit in FUTURE EXPANSIONS SAFETY AND RESPONSIBILTY . SOURCING AND COORDINATION COST OF CHARGE ORDER BUILDING ACCESSORIES Every project requires different and special design fro accessories and special sourcing for each item. Single source of responsibility is there because all the job is being done by one supplier. All project records are safely and orderly kept in electronic format which make sit easy for the owner to obtain a copy of his building record at any time. Designed to fit the system with standardized and inter changeable parts. It would be difficult to obtain project records after a long period of time. Outstanding architectural design can be achieved at low cost using standard architectural details and interfaces. is also needed.SEISMIC RESISTANCE OVER ALL PRICE ARCHITECTURE equipment. The low weight flexible frames offer higher resistance to seismic forces. Rigid heavy frames do not perform well in seismic zones. Future expansion is very easy and simple. PEB manufactures usually stock a large amount of that can be flexibly used in many types of PEB projects. Building is supplied complete with all accessories including erection for a single “ONE STOP SOURCE”. Building accessories are mass produced for economy and are available with the building. Future expansion is most tedious and more costly. Little or no material is wasted even if a change order is made after fabrication starts. Substitution of hot rolled sections infrequently rolled by mills is expensive and time consuming. Price per square meter may be as low as by 30 % than the conventional building. Change orders that are made after the dispatch of hot rolled sections result in increasing the time and cost involved in the project.

Materials which have performed well in some climates may not do well in other conditions. Components are custom designed for a specific application on a specific job. has resulted in design improvements over time. of how components will perform together is uncertain. Experience with similar buildings. precise fir and peak performance in the field. which allow dependable prediction of performance. Design and detailing errors are possible when assembling the diverse components into unique buildings. so predication. properly. in actual field conditions world wide.PERFORMANCE All components have been specified and designed specially to act together as a system for maximum efficiency. . Each building design is unique. insufficient material is supplied or parts fail to perform particularly at the supplier/contractor interface.

Set up section sizes and brace locations based on the geometry and loading specified for the frame design. The program uses the stiffness matrix method to arrive at the solution of displacements and forces.Design of Pre Engineered Buildings (PEB) The main framing of PEB systems is analyzed by the stiffness matrix method. an analysis is run to achieve flange brace optimization. The design is based on allowable stress design (ASD) as per the American institute of Steel Construction specification or the IS 800. 6. the design program provides an economic and efficient design of the main frames and allows the user to utilize the program in different modes to produce the frame design geometry and loading and the desired load combinations as specified by the building code opted by the user. The program operates through the maximum number of cycles specified to arrive at an acceptable design. Compute the corresponding stress ratios for shear. and axial force at each analysis point for each load combination. Compute allowable shear. arrive at the optimum web depths for the next cycle and update the member data file. 3. The program uses the stiffness matrix method to arrive at an acceptable design. At the end of all design cycles. Design Cycle The design cycle consists of the following steps: 1. Frame Geometry The program has the capability to handle different types of frame geometry as follows . allowable axial and allowable bending stress in compression and tension at each analysis point. Using the web optimization mode. Calculate moment. Numerical integration is used. The strain energy method is adopted to calculate the fixed end moments. Design the optimum splice location and check to see whether the predicted sizes confirm to manufacturing constraints. 7. 2. 5. shear. axial and bending based on the actual and allowable stresses and calculate the combined stress ratios. stiffness and carry over factors. 4.

sprinkler systems and many other suspended loads of similar nature. Frames with different types of supports viz. Frames with varying spans. lean to frames etc. Unsymmetrical frames with off centric. unequal modules. and the self weight of the frame. IS:875 part 3 etc are used fro this purpose. Frame Loading Frame design can handle different types of loadings as described below: All the building dead loads due to sheeting. sinking supports. varying slopes etc. supports with some degrees of freedom released. UBC. Imposed live load on the frame with tributary reductions as well. frames with multiple internal columns. AC ducting loads. purlins. Wind loads input such as basic wind speed or basic wind pressure that will be converted to deign wind pressure as per the building code specified by the user and shall be applied to the different members of the building according to the coefficients mentioned in the codes prescribed by the user. . User specified purlin and girt spacing and flange brace location. Collateral load such as false ceiling. Crane and non crane loading can be specified by the user and the program has the capability to handle these special loads and combine them with the other loads as required. rigid frames.Frames of different types viz. fixed supports. etc. ANSI. single slope frames. pinned supports. The standard building codes like MBMA. varying heights and varying slopes etc. light fixtures.

SECONDARY FRAMING: Cold formed Z sections or C sections for purlins or girts designed as continuous beams spanning over rafters and columns with laps. the conditions of restraint and the elastic properties of the members.Load combinations with appropriate load factors can be specified by the user as desired. DESIGN SOFTWARE The latest software that is used for design is STAAD 2007.Temperature loads can also be specified in the form of different differential temperature value on centigrade and specifying the appropriate coefficient for the thermal expansion. DESIGN PROCESS The frame data is assembled based on number of frame members. number of degrees of freedom. Based on this.Seismic loads corresponding to the different zone categories of various international codes can also be defined and combined with other load cases as required. number of joints. LONGITUDANAL STABILITY: Wind load on building end walls is transferred through roof purlins to braced bays and carried to the foundations through diagonal bracing. PRIMARY FRAMING: Moment resisting frames with pinned or fixed bases. The load vector is then generated . AISC criteria and standard industry practices. DEFLECTIONS: Unless otherwise specified. the deflections will go to MBMA. the data is stored and member section properties are computed. Design Codes Following are the main design codes generally used: AISC : American institute of steel construction manual AISI : American iron and steel institute specifications MBMA : Metal building manufacturer’s code ANSI : American national standards institute specifications ASCE : American society of civil engineers UBC : Uniform building code IS : Indian standards Design Criteria DESIGN METHOD: Allowable stress design method is used as per the AISC specifications. The overall joint stiffness matrix is obtained based on the above frame data by summation of individual stiffness matrices considering all possible displacements.

Also the job of maintaining the inventory of raw materials is done by the PPC department i. The entire job in the plant is done according to these part marks only. PLANNING & CONTROL (PPC) SHEARING BUILT UP FINISHING COLD FORM SHIPPING QUALITY CONTROL MAINTENANCE (ELECTRICAL) MAINTENANCE (MECHANICAL) PRODUCTION. PPC department works in co ordination with the every department like with accounts department. The PPC department can be called to be the controller of all the other departments of our plant because it keeps a check on at what point of time what kind of work and how much work according to the manpower available is to be given to a particular department.e. monthly basis that how much work is being done by which department and is it fulfilling the criteria or not so as to ensure proper meeting up of the targets assigned. They also keep a proper record on daily. Also it has to take care of the transport availability for dispatching the materials. They also plan the releases as to how much tonnage is to be released on any given data. this job is also done by the PPC and is known as part marking. The PPC department is using nesting software to prepare proper part marks for eg. PLANNING & CONTROL The PPC department in our plant is headed over by Mr. Knowing the free joint displacements REPORT ON PLANT VISIT DEPARTMENTS IN THE PLANT PRODUCTION. C.PANDE. They also made us aware of the system that how a BOQ and drawings travels from the head office to the plant and then the work is actually distributed among the departments in the plant.based on the loading data and the unknown displacements are obtained by inverting the overall joint stiffness matrix and multiplying with the load vector.M. We also got to know about the manufacturing processes that how they take place in a sequent manner in our plant. weekly. . We get HR plates in a standard width of 1500 mm so nesting software tells us that what sized plates should be cut from that so as to minimize the scrap. it has to keep a check on the quantity of raw materials available and has to ensure that sufficient quantity of material is always available.

2008 at 8:16 am Can I get PEB alignment inspection procedure & IS standards for inspection PEB erection & Alingnment Reply Link Quote  MANISH PRATAP SINGH December 9.. 2008 at 7:52 am . Reply Link Quote  Kishan Shinde December 3. To see the presentation of the same click here. 2008 at 10:08 am Can I get PEB alignment inspection procedure & IS standards for inspection PEB erection & Alingnment Reply Link Quote  Arvinderjit Singh December 14. 2010 at 2:14 am YEAH OFCOURSE. 2008 at 3:32 pm is it possible ao design pre engineered buildings by using indian standered codes Reply Link Quote o Yesha Soni December 17.C. Building Using Steel Bracing And Infill Walls Analysis and Design Of 2-D Tubular Frame Using USFOS Modeling What are the IS codes used for Construction Management? Comments  datta nanasaheb dighe November 21. Presentation On Pre Engineered Steel Buildings More Entries :         Presentation On Pre Engineered Steel Buildings Steel Build Expo 2012 Load And Resistance Factor Design For Shear In Buildings What are the IS Codes used for Structural Engineering And Structural Sections? What are the IS Codes used Functional Requirements In Buildings? A Comparative Study of Retrofitting Of R.This informational post has been submitted to us by Er Gursharan Singh and then modified by Er Kanwarjot Singh.

they will adopt THAT clause of the code and select an equivalent clause of another code of another country. but do the design as per AISC or MBMA and use welds as per AWS. For example. . Anchor bolt plan etc automatic generation by computer. erection drawing. If a country does not have a code. designs need to be done as per the local/ regional codes. so would you please give us a contact detail so that we will detail our communication.We want to get Amercian Codes for Designing of PEB Reply Link Quote o Er.Other wise why different countries have different codes of Practice? For example. they might calculate the loads as per IS 875. or the code of a country near by IF suitable. 2009 at 6:47 am our company would like to purchase a soft ware that could do design for preengineered building structural analysis. most of the PEB vendors select the codes as per THEIR requirement. BOQ. 2009 at 9:03 am Can I get quality improvement procedure and Process improvement in PEB Section With Regards Badrul Islam Reply Link Quote  Prem Shenoy February 9. 2009 at 12:18 am While the Analysis of any Structure would be universal. the building may follow the UBC. as per IS 801 for thin rolled secondary members (Z and C purlins and Girts). the designs need to be as per IS800 for main frame members. PEB Design teams are on constant research in the Selection of Codal provisions of Variuos countries and are on trials with different clauses. The load calculations need to be as per the latest IS 875. shop drawing. Some PEB vendors select some clauses of Previous versions of the Code and other clauses of the Latest Versions ! This style is not the same every time. 2010 at 6:22 am READ MBMA-96. 2007 Reply Link Quote  GETACHEW OKBAY January 24. If they feel that the Steel Section is lighter as per one code. If a PEB is built in India. To make the superstructure most economical and very competitive. for a structure built in India. with retgards# Getachew Okbay Reply Link Quote  Badrul Islam February 4. Rakesh Sharma July 17.

If you are not Sure of the Codes. Premanand Shenoy.This way of varied design is not legally valid. can i get any example of the design of foundation system thanks in advance raveeleo Reply Link Quote  varal pandu June 21.MIE. Skill levels at manufacturing. like this 16 loads which are the ones should i consider 3. Maintained by Indian Client in an Indian Town or village BUT DESIGNED USING AMERICAN CODE ! Most of the clients.FIAStructE Structural Consultant and Managing Partner Roy and Shenoy. Arcitects and Engineers in India feel that American Codes are Better than Indian! Clients.Transporting. India has all the codes available for the design of all the Parts of a PEB structure. Live.Architects and Engineers in India. The evolution of a Code of Practice is based on the Weather & other climatic conditions.Tech.erecting. India. Local Practices. If the loads and Codes are not specified by the buyer. collateral. M. 2009 at 2:36 pm could you please guide in my job hunting in pre-engineering metal building jobs in overseas as i am a detailing engineer with around 4 years of exp.pune looking for future growth in same field Reply Link Quote  HANS July 2. It is binding on the PEB supplier to use the Local/ Regional Codes of practice. Just mention somewhere that the Latest Revisions of Indian Standard Codes should be followed. Unloaded and stacked in Indian Style. finishing and maintaining. Loaded & transported in Indian Style. Beware! The Pre Engineered Buildings are not a New Concept. Hence it is rediculus to use Indian Steel plate of any yield stress. Cut and manufactured in India. Luckily. Material. DO NOT SIGN a Purchase order just copying the Specifications given by the PEB Vendor. Assembling. presently associated with zamil steel. 2009 at 7:02 am . Assembled & erected by Indian (skilled) Labour. the vendor has given the Dead. But the Jumping-Code-Practice is the NEW Concept and STYLE. Reply Link Quote  ravee March 6. 2009 at 8:22 am hi all! i have received the PEB’s reaction & moments there are 1. what are the load combinations to be considered 2. Wind_L1 seismic…. Finished by Indian Painters using Indian paints.

I WANT KNOW ABOUT MEASUREMENT OF AREA IN PEB IS FROM CENTRE TO CENTRE LINE OF BUILDING OR IT IS FROM STEEL LINE TO STEEL LINE? ALSO I WANT TO KNOW THAT WHILE FIXING RATE TO THE ERECTOR WHICH AREA WILL CONSIDER FOR PAYMENT. KINDLY DO THE NEED FULL.Good impressive web site . 2009 at 12:00 pm kindly give me the detailed design of a pre engineered building for a shed of 32m span and80m length Reply Link Quote  Roger . Reply Link Quote  K.Rajaganapathi October 6.K October 25.PEMB Dealer August 20. We are a Turnkey service provider for Pre engineered and Pre fabricated steel building . 2009 at 3:53 am DEAR SIR. 2009 at 6:25 am Dear Sir. I will learn pre engineered building design Where is avilable this coruse Please mail adreess Reply Link Quote  SURESHA. 2009 at 4:25 am We would be pleased to provide PEMB sales support for any project in any country. If you can list required local codes we can meet or exceed any code. We would be interested to undertake projects of this kind . THANKS Reply Link Quote  anshuman October 30. We can ship worldwide our building systems. Reply Link Quote  SHABEENA BEGUM August 9. We have all US codes on file currently. 2009 at 12:20 pm .

2009 at 9:15 pm which std we have to follow for PEB fabrications.g December 25. 2010 at 6:37 am 1ST U CAN LEARN ABOUT THE DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURES. AS PER IS AND AISE (STEEL DESIGN) THEN STARTING LEARN OF CODES FOR LOAD DESIGN IS 875 PART -I TO V.hi me anshuman . 2010 at 2:42 am . waiting for reply. Rakesh Sharma July 17. thanking you with regards Reply Link Quote  sathishkumar.x30 mt width.wht size of purlin req n how much distance-thanks n regards. 2010 at 10:28 pm planting concrete column on top of concrete slab ?for archtecture cange Reply Link Quote  srinivas January 29. OR MAIL UR PROBLEMS IN MY E MAIL Reply Link Quote o Er. It will be our pleasure if we can work together& give offer for complete job. 2010 at 6:38 am IN THE FABRICATION U CAN USE FOR WELD AWS CODE AND FOR STEEL AISE Reply Link Quote  hani January 1. Reply Link Quote o Er.if possible pls guide me the required frame size in 30 mt span frame. 2009 at 1:24 am we have an enquiry for a industrial shed measuring 90mts x 30 mts with height of 10 mts in Aurangabad ( maharashtra ).anshuman Reply Link Quote  bapat & sons November 28. Rakesh Sharma July 17.

can you let me know any standard institute where i can learn design (if possible in bangalore) Reply Link Quote  Post a comment Name Email Website 1234» Share Information   Submit Content Ask An Expert What is Civil Engineering    Civil Engineering Home Civil Engineering Disciplines Civil Engineering History Journals Books And Softwares     Free Civil Engineering Magazines and White Papers Civil Engineering Books Civil Engineering Journals Civil Engineering Softwares . 2010 at 1:45 am i want to learn the design of pre engg buildings.near seashore Reply Link Quote  basha February 2. Anchor bolt plan etc automatic generation by computer. so would you please give us a contact detail. and also let me konw 30mts span. erection drawing.300mts lenght.we would like to purchase a soft ware that could do design for preengineered building structural analysis. BOQ.and 16mts clear heightand soil test report is 13. shop drawing.

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can engineers roughly estimate the order of stress concentration in pipe joints? Can pipe jacking be implemented in a fast manner? Mitigation of Soil Erosion with Jute Geotextile Aided by Vegetation Cover Structural Design of a Bus Terminal Understanding Nominal and Design Mixes Civil Engineering Links       Gemini Geek The Bigger Civil Engr. what particular areas on pipe joints should engineers take care of? How can lubricants reduce the jacking forces? In pipe jacking. Software Database Global Engineering Impressive Buildings Civil Engineering Links Spread the Word         delicious digg technorati reddit magnolia stumbleupon yahoo google About Us | Contact Us | Disclaimer | Copyright Policy | Privacy Policy | Testimonials .             When would engineers use Cone Penetration Testing instead of Standard Penetration Test? What is the difference between Dynamic Probing and Standard Penetration test? What is the difference between cut-and-cover method and cover-and-cut method in tunnel construction? How could ground freezing stop ingress of groundwater in excavation? Foamed Cellular Light Weight Concrete What are the differences in design between normal precast concrete pipes and pipes used for pipe jacking? In the design of pipe jacking.

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