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M. PRAKASH ACADEMY

Entrance Examination 2009

**Question-cum-Answer Paper
**

Name: Middle Name: Surname: Contact Numbers: INSTRUCTIONS: 1. You are expected to write only the ﬁnal answer in the box provided after the question. You will be given a seperate booklet to work out the problems / do the rough calculations. 2. All questions carry equal marks. You will be given full marks for correct answer and zero marks for incorrect answer. There is no negtive marking. 3. If your answer is in the form of square root or fraction, you need 13 13 not simplify it further, e.g. if the answer is 17 , write it as 17 . If the √ √ √ √ answer is 12 3 + 7 5 write it as 12 3 + 7 5. 4. Whenever required, use g = 10 m/s2 . 5. Answers must be written with appropriate units.

he does not take into account the strong wind that is blowing in the area. A boy is standing at some distance from a long ﬂat wall. See ﬁgure. A4: . He decides to measure the speed of sound by clapping and accurately measuring the time of the echo. Find v. The wind is blowing with one-tenth the speed of sound in the direction from the boy to the wall. The total work done by gravitational force is 400 J when it stops momentarily at the top of its trajectory. It is at point A at time t = 0 second and reaches point B at t = 6 second with velocity 10 m/s. A car of mass 500 kg is travelling with constant velocity v up a straight road inclined at angle 30◦ to the horizontal. A2: Q3. Find p. The average velocity of the particle in the same time interval is 6 m/s. Find the ratio Vs : Vm boy A3: wind wall Q4. Find its acceleration. Neglect air resistance. A1: Q2. If the rate of change of its potential energy with respect to time is 5 × 104 J/s. A particle of mass 2 kg is thrown in vertically upward direction with momentum p. A particle is moving along a straight line with constant acceleration. When he performes the experiment.2 Physics Q1. Let Vs represent the actual speed of sound and Vm represent the speed of sound measured by the boy.

you observe that the other car is ahead and moving away from you at the relative velocity of 10 m/s. A block is at rest on a smooth horizontal surface. What is the minimum time after which they will be together again (not necessarily at 15◦ ) and moving in the same direction? A A5: B Q6. Find the subsequent rise in the temperature of water. The time period of A is equal to 1 second and the length of B is nine times that of A. The time period of a simple pendulum is known to be prol portional to . A constant horizontal force begins to act on it and does work W such that the block picks up a velocity of 128 m/s. where l is the length of the pendulum and g is g acceleration due to gravity. Two cars start from rest. Assume that this work W is entirely converted to heat and given to an amount of water equal to the mass of the block.3 Q5. The pendulums are released simultaneously at t = 0. what is the distance between the two cars? A6: Q7. Both the cars travel with constant but diﬀerent accelerations. Consider two pendulums A and B. 2 second after the start. After 4 second from the start. Speciﬁc heat capacity of water = 4096 J/Kg-◦ C A7: . Both are suspended from the same support and deﬂected to the same side by 15◦ as shown. from the same position and travel down a straight road in the same direction. You are sitting in one of the cars.

A block of mass 5 kg is tied to a light. An object kept at distance 20 cm from a converging lens of focal length f produces a real image whose magniﬁcation is 4. inextensible rope. The free end of the rope is now pulled in the upward direction with the acceleration of 5 m/s2 . See ﬁgure.4 Q8. Find the rate (m/s) at which the distance between the man and his image changes. The radius of curvature of the mirror is 40 cm. The mirror is moving to the right with the speed of 7 m/s with respect to the ground. See ﬁgure. At what distance from the lens does the ﬁnal image get formed? Note that an image created by one optical device can act as an object for the other. Find the force exerted by the rope on the block. There is a concave mirror on the other side of the lens at a distance of 100 cm as shown. 5 m/s 7 m/s mirror A11: . A converging lens of focal length 20 cm lies in air and is at a distance of 30 cm from a thin object lying perpendicular to its optic axis. Calculate f . A9: Q10. A man is running towards a ﬂat mirror with the speed of 5 m/s with respect to ground. A10: 30 cm 100 cm Q11. 5 m/s 5 kg 2 A8: Q9.

l is length of the piece. Resistance of a piece of material is given by R = ρl .5 Q12. The resistivity of the material of the block is 10 SI units. A is the cross-sectional area across which the current is ﬂowing. Calculate the power delivered by the bulb which glows brightest. Here A ρ is resistivity and is a property of the material of the piece. This is done turn by turn. Bulb A when connected across a supply of 200 V delivers power of 100 W. A13: Q14. Both bulbs are now connected in series across a supply of 120 V. l 5 A Fig 1 4 Fig 2 10 A14: . speciﬁcally. What should be the value of the resistance that must be connected between points A and B so that the current drawn from the battery becomes 2I? 1 A A12: 10 V 2 B Q13. Find the least value of current (expressed in milli amperes) that ﬂows in the block. A potential diﬀerence of 5 V is now applied between each pair of its opposite faces. Consider a block of material of sides 10cm ×5cm ×4cm. In the adjacent circuit shown let the current drawn from the battery be I. as shown in ﬁgure (2). See ﬁgure (1). Another bulb B when connected across the same supply. it is the dimension of the piece along which the current is made to ﬂow. Assume that the resistances of the ﬁlaments of the bulbs are independent of temperature. delivers 50 W.

pV ∝ T . A16: . Consider an ideal gas enclosed in a box of a certain volume. The temperature now is increased to value T and let the volume be V at this temperature. Let the volume of a liquid at temperature T0 (in ◦ C) be V0 (in m3 ). Express your answer to the nearest whole number. that is. For most of the gases. Calculate the new temperature (in kelvin) of the gas. Consider a gas enclosed in a box. Now the volume of the box is increased to twice its original value without changing the pressure of the gas. Gases satisfying this relationship are called ideal gases. This gas exerts a deﬁnite pressure p on the walls of the box. Let its pressure be equal to the atmospheric pressure and temperature be equal to 300 Kelvin. It is positive and has unit (/◦ C). It is clear from this equation that volume will increase with increase in temperature. the product of pressure and volume is proportional to its temperature (expressed in Kelvin). Let its coeﬃcient of volume expansion be α = 10−4 /◦ C.6 Q15. The temperature of the liquid is now raised so that its density changes by 1%. Then the relation between volume and temperature is expressed by : V = V0 (1 + α(T − T0 )). Consider a ﬁxed mass of liquid at some temperature. It is known that most of the solids and liquids expand upon heating. Here α is called coeﬃcient of volume expansion. A15: Q16. Calculate the rise in the temperature of the liquid. it occupies the whole volume V of the box and also has a deﬁnite temperature T (expressed in Kelvin).

where k is a called force constant of the spring and x is the amount of extension or compression. Attach two. suppose you have an ideal spring with force constant 10 N/m. A18: Q19.7 Q17. A17: 3 kg Q18. 10 cal/C and 10 cal/C respectively. Their heat capacities are 20 cal/C. Both the springs are assumed to be horizontal. The force exerted by an ideal spring is given by the expression F = −kx. one on each side of the block as shown. ﬁnd their ﬁnal temperature. The objects are kept together in a calorimeter. Then the force with which the spring pulls you back is 10 × 5 × 10−2 = 0. For example. You attach one end to a wall and pull the other end by 5 cm. 2 A 2 2 A19: 2 B . B and C are at temperatures 80◦ C.5 N. Calculate the acceleration of the block. The one to the right has force constant of 50 N/m and is extended by 2 cm. The left hand spring has force constant of 200 N/m and is compressed by 1 cm. Assuming that heat is exchanged only among the three objects. light and ideal springs. If you compress the spring by the same amount. Three objects A. Now consider a block of mass 3 kg kept on a smooth horizontal table. 90◦ C and 50◦ C respectively. Find the equivalent resistance between points A and B shown 1 in the following circuit. then it will push you back with the same force. An ideal spring is one which exerts force proportional to its compression or extension.

so as to make it a curved mirror.8 Q20. Here θ1 refers to the angle of incidence at the boundry between the two media. the radius of √ hemisphere is 2 3 cm and the the refractive index of the glass is 3. n2 refers to the refractive index of the medium in which the ray is refracted. Snell’s law of refraction is: n1 sin θ1 = n2 sin θ2 . It is observed that the ray incident at angle θ at P emerges symmetrically with respect to the horizontal line XX passing through M . Fig 1 1 θ1 θ2 2 n 1 n2 X 2 cm M Fig 2 θ P 2 3cm X' silvered side Now consider a solid glass hemisphere with its curved side coated with silver. A ray of light from air is incident on the ﬂat surface of the hemisphere at point P as shown. when the light is incident from medium of refractive index n1 . See ﬁgure (1). See ﬁgure (2). Calculate θ. The distance of P from the center M of the √ hemisphere is 2 cm.01 A 101◦ C 600 K 1 m/s2 75◦ C 10 Ω 11 ◦ 60 . A20: Answers: 4 Q1 m/s2 3 Q2 40 kg-m/s 100 Q3 99 Q4 20 m/s 3 Q5 s 2 Q6 40 m/s Q7 2◦ C Q8 75 N Q9 16 cm Q10 30 cm Q11 Q12 Q13 Q14 Q15 Q16 Q17 Q18 Q19 Q20 4 m/s 2 Ω 3 8W 0.

In ABC. In ABC. A24: √ Q25. QR = 11. 12). altitude AD = 18. AB = AC. In ABC. A25: ABD = 3 and Q26. A23: Q24. 2ABCD is a cyclic trapezium where AB If AB = 4. BD = 7. B ≡ (3. Find BC. Find QM 2 . QS = 10. Find CD. 6) and C ≡ (7. AD = 5. A26: CD. A21: Q22. G moves on a line x − y = 1. G is the centroid of ABC. median BE = 9 5 and median CF = 15. Find coordinates of G. inradius of inradius of ACD = 6. P Q = 7. M is the mid point of P R.9 Mathematics Q21. If sec A + tan A = 5. Find cosecA + cot A. A22: Q23. Find BC. altitude AD = 24. . 2P QRS is a kite.

2). B ≡ (4. with reference to the ﬁgure ﬁnd area of shaded region. Find length of the chord AB. A30: . 3). A27: Q28. In rectangle ABCD.10 Q27. ﬁnd coordinates of D. In ABC. A ≡ (2. C ≡ (8. A A28: P Q R T B D S C P Q29. If area of the rectangle is 70 square units. P is the mid point of AB. Find its side. The ﬁgure shows that a circle of radius r = 1 is inscribed in quarter circular region OP Q. Area of a regular octagon is 4( 2 + 1) square units. 6). If AD is the angle bisector of ∠A. A B A29: O Q √ Q30. S and T are the points of trisection of DC.

Solve for x: x3 + 149x2 − 50545x − 50693 = 0. If x3 + A34: Q35. a. Factorize: (x + 1)(x + 2)(x + 3)(x + 6) − 3x2 . x is a real number. If the tank is empty and if all the taps are opened symulteneously. The greatest common divisor (gcd) of a and b is 9 and the least common multiple (lcm) of a and b is 450. b are natural numbers such that a < b. 3 x x √ 2x + 1 + √ 5x − 4 = √ 12x + 1. ﬁnd the value of x5 + 5 . There is an outlet tap which can empty this full tank in 45 minutes. how much time will it take to ﬁll the tank? A36: . A35: Q36. Solve for x : A31: Q32. A32: Q33. Then ﬁnd maximum possible value of a. An empty tank can be ﬁlled by two taps individually in 30 minutes and 60 minutes respectively.11 Q31. Q34. A33: 1 1 = 52.

7) 25 20 6 (5. A39: 2 2 .12 Q37. A37: Q38. A40: Answers: Q21 31 Q22 3 2 Q23 Q24 Q25 Q26 Q27 Q28 (8. Find the constant term in the expansion of 1 1 1 1 1 5x5 + 4x4 + 3x3 + 2x2 + x + 1 + + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 x x x x x A38: Q39. Find square roots of x2 + 5 x2 − 14 x2 − 5 x2 + 29. Note that in general |t| denotes absolute value of t. −10 31 5 x2 √ 10)(x + 4 − √ 10) Q39 (x2 + 2x + 3)(x4 − 2x3 + x2 − 6x + 9) Q40 ±(x2 − − 7) . Factorize: x6 − 10x3 + 27. −1. 163 (x2 + 4x + 6)(x + 4 + 724 18 36 minutes 8. 3) 3 √ Q29 4 2−2 √ Q30 2 Q33 Q34 Q35 Q36 Q37 Q38 Q31 x = 4 Q32 −311. Solve for x: x2 − 6 |x − 2| − 28 = 0. Q40.

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