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Triaxial CIU

Triaxial CIU

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CI44B Geomecánica - Primavera 2003

Guía de laboratorio
Ensayo Triaxial CID
Algunos datos para hacer cálculos.
AV: Cambio de Volumen
Vi : Volumen inicial
Ho : Altura inicial
Do : Diámetro Inicial
Altura de Consolidación =
|
.
|

\
| A
÷
3
) / (
1
0
Vi V
H
Diámetro de Consolidación =
|
.
|

\
| A
÷
3
) / (
1
0
Vi V
D
=
AXIAL
c
Deformación Vertical / Altura de consolidación
Area corregida =
AXIAL
ión consolidac
c
A
A
c ÷
=
1

c
A
a Carg
= Ao
o o o A + =
c 1
c
o o =
3
3
3 * 2 1 o o +
= p
q =
2
3 1 o o ÷
Cambio de Volumen (AV) = (Volumen registrado – Volumen inicial)
CI44B Geomecánica - Primavera 2003
Guía de laboratorio
Ensayo Triaxial CID
Algunos datos para hacer cálculos.
AV: Cambio de Volumen
Vi : Volumen inicial
Ho : Altura inicial
Do : Diámetro Inicial
Altura de Consolidación =
|
.
|

\
| A
÷
3
) / (
1
0
Vi V
H
Diámetro de Consolidación =
|
.
|

\
| A
÷
3
) / (
1
0
Vi V
D
=
AXIAL
c
Deformación Vertical / Altura de consolidación
Area corregida =
AXIAL
ión consolidac
c
A
A
c ÷
=
1

c
A
a Carg
= Ao
o o o A + =
c 1
c
o o =
3
3
3 * 2 1 o o +
= p
q =
2
3 1 o o ÷
Cambio de Volumen (AV) = (Volumen registrado – Volumen inicial)
Muestra: Suelta oc= [kg/cm2] DS= 15
Ds [cm] 5.04 Hm [cm] 10.04 o3' [kg/cm2] 2
Dm [cm] 5.04 Peso [g] 291.644 Veloc. Def. [%/min]
Di [cm] 5.04 winicial [%] 5 den seca 1.387
wfinal [%] Dens Hum 1.456
BP P.Cam P.de Poros
o3
o3+Ao
3
u
[kg/cm2] [kg/cm2] [kg/cm2] [kg/cm2] [kg/cm2] [kg/cm2] [kg/cm2]
1.1 3 87.3
Consolidación Corte 1kgf =101.8 kn
Tiempo Volumen Pres. Poros Deform. Anillo p.poros
[min] [cm
3
] [kg/cm
2
] 0,01mm Carga KN kpa
0 17 0 0.1073 103
0.1 10 0.1 105
0.25 20 0.99 106.4
0.5 30 0.102 109.4
1 40 0.109 111
2.25 50 0.106 113.3
4 60 0.109 116.1
6.25 70 0.17 132
9 80 0.217 146.5
12.25 90 0.239 157
16 100 0.253 169
20.25 150 0.27 204.8
25 200 0.267 222
40 250 0.256 232.1
60 8.5 300 0.247 239
90 350 0.236 244
120 400 0.227 248.2
180 450 0.218 251.5
480 500 0.21 254
1440 600 0.194 258.9
D 700 0.179 262
800 0.165 265.8
Anillo N°: 900 0.15 268.5
1000 0.14 271.1
Ensayo Triaxial (ASTM D2850-70)
u+Au Ao3 Au
B=Au/Ao
3
UNIVERSIDAD DE CHILE
Facultada de Ciencias Físicas y Matemáticas
Departamento de Ing. Civil
Calibración: 1100 0.132 273
1200 0.125 274.5
Fecha: 1300 0.121 275.8
1400 0.117 276.9
Grupo: picon del aguila 1500 0.116 277.4
dorador 1600 0.115 278
1700 0.113 278.5
1800 0.113 279.1
1900 0.111 279.4
2000
2100
2200
2300
2400
leo gay
los primeros 6 valores de la carga pueden que no estàn buenos..
revìnselos…
Muestra: Suelto oc= [kg/cm2]
Ds [cm] 5.04 Hm [cm] 10.04 o3' [kg/cm2]
Dm [cm] 5.04 Peso [g] 291.644 Veloc. Def. [%/min]
Di [cm] 5.04 winicial [%] 5
wfinal [%]
BP P.Cam P.de Poros
o3
o3+Ao
3
u
[kg/cm2] [kg/cm2] [kg/cm2] [kg/cm2] [kg/cm2] [kg/cm2] [kg/cm2]
1 1.1 2 0.9 1.31 0.9 0.41 0.70
2 2.1 3 1.8 2.43 0.9 0.63
Consolidación Corte
Tiempo Volumen Pres. Poros Deform. Anillo presion de opros
[min] [cm
3
] [kg/cm
2
] 0,01mm Carga Kgf kg/cm2
0 21 0 -0.007 1.785
0.1 10 0.02 1.828
0.25 20 0.028 1.855
0.5 30 0.036 1.872
1 40 0.046 1.879
2.25 50 0.053 1.879
4 60 0.06 1.872
6.25 70 0.067 1.86
9 80 0.074 1.847
12.25 19.85 90 0.08 1.832
16 100 0.085 1.815
20.25 150 0.107 1.733
25 200 0.124 1.658
40 250 0.137 1.59
60 300 0.149 1.526
90 350 0.159 1.472
120 400 0.168 1.417
180 450 0.177 1.37
480 500 0.185 1.323
1440 600 0.199 1.234
D 700 0.212 1.152
800 0.219 1.083
Anillo N°: 900 0.218 1.033
1000 0.219 1.016
Calibración: 509.03 [kgf/volt] 1100 0.222 1.012
1200 0.225 1.001
Fecha: 1300 0.226 0.996
1400 0.228 0.996
Ensayo Triaxial CIU (ASTM D2850-70)
u+Au Ao3 Au
B=Au/Ao
3
UNIVERSIDAD DE CHILE
Facultada de Ciencias Físicas y Matemáticas
Departamento de Ing. Civil
Grupo: 1500 0.229 1
1600 0.228 1.001
1700 0.227 1.01
1800
1900
2000
2100
2200
2300
2400
2500
2600
1
Muestra: Densa (DS=)
Ds [cm] 5.04 Hm [cm] 10.04 o3' [kg/cm2]
Dm [cm] 5.04 Peso [g] 384.044 Veloc. Def. [%/min]
Di [cm] 5.04 winicial [%] 5 den seca 1.655
wfinal [%] Dens Hum 1.738
BP P.Cam P.de Poros
o3
o3+Ao
3
u
[kg/cm2] [kg/cm2] [kg/cm2] [kg/cm2] [kg/cm2] [kg/cm2] [kg/cm2]
1 1.1 2 0.93 1.41 0.9 0.48 0.95
2 2.1 3 1.81 2.46 0.9 0.85
Consolidación Corte 509.03 Kg/volt
Tiempo Volumen Pres. Poros Deform. Anillo Presion poro
[min] [cm
3
] [kg/cm
2
] 0,01mm Carga volt [Kg/cm2]
0 21 2.414 0 0 1.81
0.1 20 2.15 10 0.003 1.82
0.25 19.9 1.81 20 0.002 1.82
0.5 19.8 1.81 30 0.002 1.82
1 19.7 1.81 40 0.003 1.82
2.25 19.65 1.81 50 0.003 1.83
4 19.6 1.81 60 0.004 1.84
6.25 19.6 1.81 70 0.004 1.86
9 80 0.005 1.87
12.25 90 0.005 1.88
16 100 0.005 1.90
20.25 150 0.021 2.15
25 200 0.023 2.34
40 250 0.022 2.43
60 300 0.02 2.48
90 350 0.018 2.52
120 400 0.016 2.55
180 450 0.014 2.58
480 500 0.013 2.61
1440 600 0.008 2.66
D 700 0.05 2.68
800 0.005 2.69
Anillo N°: 900 0.004 2.70
1000 0.004 2.70
Ensayo Triaxial CID (ASTM D2850-70)
u+Au Ao3 Au
B=Au/Ao
3
UNIVERSIDAD DE CHILE
Facultada de Ciencias Físicas y Matemáticas
Departamento de Ing. Civil
Calibración: 1100 0.004 2.71
1200 0.004 2.71
Fecha: 4/24/2006 1300 0.004 2.71
1400
Grupo: Jose Manuel Fuentes 1500
1600
1
Deform. Anillo Volumen
0,01mm Carga Kgf [cm
3
]
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300
Muestra: Densa oc= 2 [kg/cm2]
Ds [cm] 5.04 Hm [cm] 10.04 o3' [kg/cm2] 2
Dm [cm] 5.04 Peso [g] 384.044 Veloc. Def. [%/min]
Di [cm] 5.04 winicial [%] 5
wfinal [%]
BP P.Cam P.de Poros
o3
o3+Ao
3
u
[kg/cm2] [kg/cm2] [kg/cm2] [kg/cm2] [kg/cm2] [kg/cm2] [kg/cm2]
1 1.1 2 85.7 170 0.9 0.843 0.94
Consolidación Corte
Tiempo Volumen Pres. Poros Deform. Anillo Volumen Pres. Poros
[min] [cm
3
] [KPa] 0,01mm Carga KN [cm
3
] [KPa]
0 16.4 135 0 0.058 87.6
0.1 16.2 10 0.066 88.2
0.25 16.2 20 0.064 88.2
0.5 16.2 30 0.064 88.2
1 16.2 40 0.064 88.2
2.25 16.2 50 0.064 88.2
4 15.4 60 0.074 88.2
6.25 70 0.082 89.3
9 80 0.086 90.4
12.25 90 0.094 91.2
16 100 0.099 92
20.25 150 0.423 116.5
25 200 0.452 124.8
40 250 0.968 131.5
60 300 1.168 124.6
90 350 1.339 112.5
120 400 1.419 104.5
180 450 1.508 96
480 500 1.584 87.6
1440 600 1.651 79.6
D 700 1.761 66.6
800 1.845 55
Anillo N°: 900 1.923 44.8
1000 1.98 36.8
Ensayo Triaxial (ASTM D2850-70)
u+Au Ao3 Au
B=Au/Ao
3
Calibración Probeta 2
UNIVERSIDAD DE CHILE
Facultada de Ciencias Físicas y Matemáticas
Departamento de Ing. Civil
UNIVERSIDAD DE CHILE
Facultada de Ciencias Físicas y Matemáticas
Departamento de Ing. Civil
Calibración: 1100 2.034 29.3
1200 2.065 23.2
Fecha: 1300 2.071 18.2
1400 2.067 14.1
Grupo: 1500 2.065 11.6
1600 2.066 8.8
1700 2.065 7.2
1800 2.056 6.4
1900 2.053 5.5
2000 2.052 5
2100 2.055 5
2200 2.055 5
Arena Suelta
sigma camara 1
H
c
9.82 cm
D
c
4.93 cm
A
c 19.09
cm
2
Deformación axial (c) A corregida Ao Presión poros p q
[m/m]
[cm
2
] [Kg/cm
2
] [Kg/cm
3
] [Kg/cm
2
] [Kg/cm
2
]
0.000 19.09 0.00 1.81 -0.81 0.00
0.001 19.11 0.08 1.82 -0.79 0.04
0.002 19.13 0.05 1.82 -0.80 0.03
0.003 19.15 0.05 1.82 -0.80 0.03
0.004 19.17 0.08 1.82 -0.79 0.04
0.005 19.19 0.08 1.83 -0.80 0.04
0.006 19.21 0.11 1.84 -0.80 0.05
0.007 19.23 0.11 1.86 -0.82 0.05
0.008 19.25 0.13 1.87 -0.83 0.07
0.009 19.27 0.13 1.88 -0.84 0.07
0.010 19.29 0.13 1.90 -0.86 0.07
0.015 19.39 0.55 2.15 -0.97 0.28
0.020 19.49 0.60 2.34 -1.14 0.30
0.025 19.59 0.57 2.43 -1.24 0.29
0.031 19.69 0.52 2.48 -1.31 0.26
0.036 19.80 0.46 2.52 -1.37 0.23
0.041 19.90 0.41 2.55 -1.41 0.20
0.046 20.01 0.36 2.58 -1.46 0.18
0.051 20.12 0.33 2.61 -1.50 0.16
0.061 20.33 0.20 2.66 -1.59 0.10
0.071 20.56 1.24 2.68 -1.27 0.62
0.081 20.79 0.12 2.69 -1.65 0.06
0.092 21.02 0.10 2.70 -1.67 0.05
0.102 21.26 0.10 2.70 -1.67 0.05
0.112 21.50 0.09 2.71 -1.68 0.05
0.122 21.75 0.09 2.71 -1.68 0.05
0.132 22.00 0.09 2.71 -1.68 0.05
Cálculos del Ensayo. Arena Suelta o
c
=1[kg/cm
2
]
Cálculos Consolidación
Arena Suelta
sigma camara 2
H
c
8.61 cm
D
c
4.32 cm
A
c 14.66
cm
2
TODO OK
VOL/Vi Deformación axial (c) A corregida Ao Volumen p
[m/m]
[cm
2
] [Kg/cm
2
] [cm
3
] [Kg/cm
2
]
1.00
1.01
1.01
Cálculos del Ensayo. Arena Suelta o
c
=2[kg/cm
2
]
Cálculos Consolidación
Arena Densa
sigma camara 1
H
c
9.86 cm
D
c
4.95 cm
A
c 19.24
cm
2
q VOL/Vi Deformación axial (c) A corregida Ao Volumen
[Kg/cm
2
]
[m/m]
[cm
2
] [Kg/cm
2
] [cm
3
]
Cálculos del Ensayo. Arena Suelta o
c
=2[kg/cm
2
] Cálculos del Ensayo. Arena Densa o
c
=1[kg/cm
2
]
Cálculos Consolidación
Arena Densa
sigma camara 2
H
c
9.84 cm
D
c
4.94 cm
A
c 19.16
cm
2
p q VOL/Vi Deformación axial (c) A corregida Ao
[Kg/cm
2
] [Kg/cm
2
]
[m/m]
[cm
2
] [Kg/cm
2
]
Cálculos del Ensayo. Arena Densa o
c
=1[kg/cm
2
] Cálculos del Ensayo. Arena Densa o
c
=2[kg/cm
2
]
Cálculos Consolidación
TODO OK
Volumen p q VOL/Vi
[cm
3
] [Kg/cm
2
] [Kg/cm
2
]
Cálculos del Ensayo. Arena Densa o
c
=2[kg/cm
2
]
Arena Suelta a 1 kg/cm2 Arena Suelta a 2 kg/cm2
H
o
[cm] 10.04 H
o
D
o
[cm] 5.04 D
o
o
c
[kg/cm
2
]
1
o
c
Tiempo Volumen Tiempo
[min]
[cm
3
]
[min]
0 21 dV 0
0.1 20 -1.4 0.1
0.25 19.9 0.25
0.5 19.8 0.5
1 19.7 1
2.25 19.65 2.25
4 19.6 4
6.25 19.6 6.25
9
12.25
Deformación Carga Presion poro 16
[0,01mm] 509,03 [Kg/Volt]
[Kg/cm
2
]
20.25
0 0 1.81 25
10 0.003 1.82 40
20 0.002 1.82 60
30 0.002 1.82
40 0.003 1.82
50 0.003 1.83 1kgf
60 0.004 1.84
70 0.004 1.86
80 0.005 1.87 Deformación
90 0.005 1.88 [0,01mm]
100 0.005 1.9 0
150 0.021 2.15 10
200 0.023 2.34 20
250 0.022 2.43 30
300 0.02 2.48 40
350 0.018 2.52 50
400 0.016 2.55 60
450 0.014 2.58 70
500 0.013 2.61 80
600 0.008 2.66 90
700 0.05 2.68 100
800 0.005 2.69 150
900 0.004 2.7 200
1000 0.004 2.7 250
1100 0.004 2.71 300
1200 0.004 2.71 350
1300 0.004 2.71 400
Datos Iniciales
Ensayo
Ensayo
Consolidación Consolidación
Datos Iniciales
450
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300
1400
1500
1600
1700
1800
1900
Arena Suelta a 2 kg/cm2 Arena Densa a 1 kg/cm2
[cm] 10.04 H
o
[cm] 10.04
[cm] 5.04 D
o
[cm] 5.04
[kg/cm
2
]
2
o
c
[kg/cm
2
]
1
Volumen Pres. Poros Tiempo Volumen Pres. Poros
[cm
3
] [kg/cm
2
]
[min]
[cm
3
] [kg/cm
2
]
17 dV 0 21
-8.5 0.1
0.25
0.5
1
2.25
4
6.25
9
12.25 19.85
8.5
101.8 kN
Carga Presion poro Deformación Carga Presion poro
[kN] [kPa] [0,01mm] [kgf]
[Kg/cm
2
]
0.1073 103 0 -0.007 1.8
0.1 105 10 0.02 1.8
0.99 106.4 20 0.028 1.9
0.102 109.4 30 0.036 1.9
0.109 111 40 0.046 1.9
0.106 113.3 50 0.053 1.9
0.109 116.1 60 0.06 1.9
0.17 132 70 0.067 1.9
0.217 146.5 80 0.074 1.847
0.239 157 90 0.08 1.832
0.253 169 100 0.085 1.815
0.27 204.8 150 0.107 1.733
0.267 222 200 0.124 1.658
0.256 232.1 250 0.137 1.59
0.247 239 300 0.149 1.526
0.236 244 350 0.159 1.472
0.227 248.2 400 0.168 1.417
Datos Iniciales Datos Iniciales
Ensayo Ensayo
Consolidación Consolidación
0.218 251.5 450 0.177 1.37
0.21 254 500 0.185 1.323
0.194 258.9 600 0.199 1.234
0.179 262 700 0.212 1.152
0.165 265.8 800 0.219 1.083
0.15 268.5 900 0.218 1.033
0.14 271.1 1000 0.219 1.016
0.132 273 1100 0.222 1.012
0.125 274.5 1200 0.225 1.001
0.121 275.8 1300 0.226 0.996
0.117 276.9 1400 0.228 0.996
0.116 277.4 1500 0.229 1
0.115 278 1600 0.228 1.001
0.113 278.5 1700 0.227 1.01
0.113 279.1
0.111 279.4
Arena Densa a 2 kg/cm2
H
o
[cm] 10.04
D
o
[cm] 5.04
o
c
[kg/cm
2
]
2
Tiempo Volumen Pres. Poros
[min]
[cm
3
] [kg/cm
2
]
dV 0 16.4 dV
-1.15 0.1 16.2 -1
0.25 16.2
0.5 16.2
1 16.2
2.25 16.2
4 15.4
Deformación Carga Presion poro
[0,01mm] [kN] [kPa]
0 0.058 87.6
10 0.066 88.2
20 0.064 88.2
30 0.064 88.2
40 0.064 88.2
50 0.064 88.2
60 0.074 88.2
70 0.082 89.3
80 0.086 90.4
90 0.094 91.2
100 0.099 92
150 0.423 116.5
200 0.452 124.8
250 0.968 131.5
300 1.168 124.6
350 1.339 112.5
400 1.419 104.5
Ensayo
Datos Iniciales
Consolidación
450 1.508 96
500 1.584 87.6
600 1.651 79.6
700 1.761 66.6
800 1.845 55
900 1.923 44.8
1000 1.98 36.8
1100 2.034 29.3
1200 2.065 23.2
1300 2.071 18.2
1400 2.067 14.1
1500 2.065 11.6
1600 2.066 8.8
1700 2.065 7.2
1800 2.056 6.4
1900 2.053 5.5
2000 2.052 5
2100 2.055 5
2200 2.055 5
TODO OK
TODO OK
TODO OK

Primavera 2003

oratorio

ial CID

n

arga Ac

umen inicial)

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