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udkwifOD; a&;wJhpmawGudk usaemfzwf&ygw,f?usaemfcifAsm;pmudk _yefa&;csifaewm awmfawmf-umae_yD?

bma-umifhvnf;qdkawmh cifAsm;a&;wJh pmawG[m trSefwu,f udk,fhtzGJ h0ifawGqDudk OD;wnf_yD;ay;wm


r[kwfbJ teft,f'D udka0zef ykwfcwfwJhpmawGudk OD;pm;ay;wifay;aewJh vGrf;aqG bavmhudk a&mufaewm
awG(vGrf;aqGqdkwm q&mrpifoDwm ausG;arG;vdkhtouf&SifaewJh apmufaygAsm?tar&duef uae'gu
_refrmoH&kH;xJrSm cGwfa'gif;tvHudkeif; _yD; _ynfawmf_yefoGm;wJholawGqDa&muf
aewmawG7,fcifAsm;a&;wJhpmawGxJrSm wqifhpum;eJha&;xm;wmawGtawmfrsm;aew,f?udk,fhudkudk,f
udk,f7nfaoG;xm;wmawGvnf;ygaew,f?Oyrm= (wu,fajym&&ifawmh OdD;pde0f if;eJ huGsefawmfu
"rRm/aomu jzpfwJholyg// wcsufvGwftrdef hawmfeJ h}uHKcJh-u&wJh &JabmfxJrSm usGefawmfudk t"Duxm;
cJhwmyg) (udkwifOD;pmrl&if;)
cifAsm;a&;xm;wJhpmtESpfom&uOD;pdef0if;&JhtefpD*sDudkaxmufcHw,f?teft,f'D(vGwfa_rmufe,fa_r)
=tefpD,lbD vkyf&yfawGudkraxmufcHbl;qdk &ifawmif usaemf'Dpmudk a&;_zpftkH;rSmr[kwfbl;?
(က)။ ။ (N.C.U.B) Aေပၚထားရွိသည့္ယံုၾကည္ျခင္း သံေယာဇU္ကို ျဖတ္ရမည္ ။
(ခ)။ ။ (N.L.D-LA) ကိုA ၿပီးA ပိုင္ ေျမၿမဳပ္ျပစ္ရမည္(udkwifOD;pmrl&if;)
teft,f'D vGwfa_rmufe,fa_rudk t_yD;tydkifa_r_rkwfypf7r,fqdkwJh cifAsm; tmabmfawGa-umifh,ckvdk
rtm;wJh-um;xJu a&;_zpfoGm;wm?
teft,f'D(vGwfa_rmufe,fa_r)[m wOD;wa,mufydkifwJhtzGJhtpnf;r[kwfbl;qdkwm cifAsm;em;vnf&r,f?
teft,f'D(vGwfa_rmufe,fa_r)twGuftzGJh0if rsm;[m awmfvSefa&;e,fa_rrSm awmfvSefae-uwJhwdkif;&if;
om;&JabmfawGausmif;om;&JabmfawGwJh eJh twl vufeyfudkifawmfvSefa&;awGrSm wef;wlyg0ifqifEGJcJh-u
w,f?teft,f'D(vGwfa_rmufe,fa_r)rSm OD;aqmifr+tm;enf;wm&Sdaew,fqdkwm 0efcHw,f?'gayrJhacgif;
aqmifwdkif;awmhr[kwfbl;?OD;0if;cufOD;aqmifcJhwJh r,femyavmutcsdeftcsdK hqdk&if &JabmfawGb0
vkH_cHkcJhw,f?'gykwfudkpGJ_yD;a_ymaewmr[kwfbl;?Oyrmwckusaemfa_ym_yr,f=AdkvfcsKyf-uD;_rudk OD;0if;cufu
ar;w,f?OuUX-uD; usaemfu EdkifiH_cm; c%c%oGm;&wm OuUX-uD;bmvdkcsifvJvdk har;awmh = AdkvfcsKyf
-uD;_ru usKyfbmrSrvdkcsifbl;?cifAsm;usaemfhem;rSm&Sdae&ifvkHavmufw,fqdk _yD; a_ymcJhw,f?OD;0if;cufudk
AdkvfcsKyf -uD;_ruav;pm;cJhw,f?'ga-umifha':pk EdkA,fpkay;yGJeJh a':atmifqef;pk-unfvrf;qdkwmay:aygufcJh
w,f?OD;0if;cufa-umifhawmfvSefa&;acgif;aqmif-uD;awG(u&ifacgif;aqmif ucsifacgif;aqmif rGefacgif;aqmif
u&ifeD u,ef;acgif;aqmifawG&Jh) _zwfoef;r+ordkif;awGudkrsuf0g;xifxifem;axmifcJh&w,f?a_ymr,fqdk&if
awmhtrsm;-uD;aygh?
ဖြဲ ့စည္းၿပီး (၁)နွစ္A တြင္းမွာ ဘေဘာထားကြလ
ဲ ၾြဲ ကၿပီး A ုပ္စုနွစ္စုျဖစ္ေပၚခဲ့ၾကသည္။ ထိုA ခ်ိန္တင
ြ ္ “န.၀.တ“ တို
့မွၾကည္းေၾကာင္း၊ေလေၾကာင္းတို ့ျဖင့္ မာနယ္ပေလာေဒသကို ေခ်မွုန္းေနခ်ိန္ျဖစ္ေသာေၾကာင့္ လြတ္ေျမာက္နယ္ေျမေရာက္
လူငယ္မ်ားသည္ ကာကြယ္ၾကရန္A တြက္ ကိုယ့္နည္း ကိုယ့္ဟန္တို ့ျဖင့္ လက္နက္ ၊ ခဲယမ္းတို ့ကိုရွာႀကံၾကၿပီး “ထြီပါ၀ီႀကိဳး“
ေတာင္ကုန္း စစ္ေျမျပင္တင
ြ ္ သဲမစ
ဲ ာြ ျဖင့္တိုက္ပဲြ၀င္ခဲ့ၾကသည္။ A ုပ္စုနွစ္စုကေ
ဲြ နသည္ကို ညီလာခံျဖင့္သာ ေပါင္းစည္းႏိူင္မည္ဟု
ေမွ်ာ္လင့္ၾကၿပီး က်င္းပရန္ျပင္ဆင္ခဲ့ၾကသည္။ (udkwifOD;pmrl&if;)
cif;Asm;a_ymwJhtJh'dtcsufuvnf;r[kwfbl;?udkxGef;OD;=udkvSOD;OD;aqmifwJhaemufvdkuf(10)OD; (emrnf
twdtus&)Sd=tefpD*sD&kH;(rmemyavm)rSm NLD(LF)zGJhw,f?zGJh&wJhta-umif;uvnf;udkoef;xGXf=
udkatmifapmOD;udk rauseyfwJhudpPuta-umif;cH_yD; a'gufwmpdef0if;tm;enf;csufvnf;ygw,f?yg0if
wJhvli,ftcsdKhuvnf; awmfvSefa&;e,fa_rudka&mufvmwJh teft,f'D(vGwfa_rmufe,fa_r)udkwyft
oGifa_ymif;csif-uw,f?(edkifiHa&;ta_rmft_rifr&SdwJh weyfpm;Om%feJh =ypfpwdkcg;csdwf_yD; wdkif;r+;vkyfcsifol
tcdsK ha-umifhyg?)tJh'dtcsdefrSm rmemyavmrSm &efol&Jhxdk;ppft-uD;us,f_zpfaecsdefav?
(cifAsm;wdk hnDtpfudkra&mufao;ygbl;?)ppfudkwcgrS rwdkufbl;wJh=teft,f'D(vGwfa_rmufe,fa_r)udkcspf
wJh&Jabmfwdkif;[m &efoludkwdkufzdk hpm&if;ay;cJh-uw,f?touf-uD;wJhOD;-uD;ndktygt0ifav?vGwfa_rmuf
e,fa_rumuG,fzdk htzGJh0ifawGtifwu dk ftm;wdkuf a&Shwef;xGufcJh-uw,f?
'gayrJh NLD(LF)uawmh rmemyavmrSmbJ&SdaecJhw,f? NLD(LF)uacgif;aqmif-uD;awGu z'dkref;&Sm
qDvufeyfoGm;awmif;w,f?olwdk hudkr,kHawmhray;vdkufbl;?ppfyGJu _yif;xefaew,f?NLD(LF)uawmh
tdyfvdkufpm;vdkufeJhZdrfusaew,f?tJ'geJh z'dkref;&Smu rif;wdk h'Dtwdkif;aevdk hr_zpfawmhbl;?rif;wdk htkyfpkvnf;
ppfoGm;wdkuf&r,fvdk ha_ymw,f?'geJhz'dk ref;&Smu usaemfeJh rat;0if;tdrfrSmpum;a_ym_yD; xGef;xGef;OD; rif;
OD;aqmif_yD; tJh'dtkyfpkudk a&Shwef;ac:oGm;ay;yg?vdktyfwJhvufeyfigqDrSmrif;vmxkyfvdk hrSmcJhw,f?aemufae
hrSmNLD(LF)u &JabmfawG xGef;atmifausmfvnf;ygw,f?10a,mufavmuf&Sdr,f?a&Shwef;udk usaemfOD;
aqmif_yD;ac:oGm;ay;w,f?a&Shwef;rSm Adkvfr+;a0gx,fu xGef;xGef;OD; rif;b,fvdkvlawGac:vmwmvJqdk_yD;
vufrcHbl;?rmemyavmudk _yefydk hay;&w,f?oGm;ydkhwJh vrf;rSmawmif &efolu ausmufawmifay:uvSrf;
ypfvdk husaemf eJhxGef;atmifausmf _yefypf&ao;w,f?(tJ'gcifAsm;od&atmif cGJxGuf NLD(LF)ta-umif;
tenf;tusOf;bJ?vdktyf&iftao;pdyfa_ym_yEdkifao;w,f?tJh'dtzGJh [mEGm;av;cdkqif;oGm;_yD; _y\emaygif;
aomif;a_cmufaxmifwufwmawGtygt0ifaygh?(teft,f'D(vGwfa_rmufe,fa_r)rSmt&ifu&SdcJhbl;wJh(EGm;a
v;cdktygt0if)vufeyfawG vufypfAkH;awG rdkif;awG usOfqHawG M16 aoeyfawGusaemfudk,fwdkif axmufydk
hvkyfay;_yD; z'dkref;&SmqDu ,lxm;wmawG?(udkbdk-uD;=ud_k rifhod%f;=OD;&rf;rusD;=udk-uD;_rifh=oufpdk;vGifwdkudkt
csdefra&G;ar;Edkifw,f?)OD;&rf;rusD;qdk&ift7rf;oem;zdkhaumif;w,f?ol'Dzufrvmcsifbl;?acgif;aqmifwa,muf
&JhtodO%frJhr+a-umifhvGwfa_rmufe,fa_ra&mufvm&wm?olubmoma&;acgif;aqmif 'Dbufa&mufawmhol
trsm;-uD;tulnDawGay;cJhw,f?rmemyavmrSm OD;0if;cufr&Sd&ifolbJ EdkifiH_cm;om;awGudkNLDta-umif;
&Sif;_yay;&w,f?Xufzsm;'g%fa-umifh,ckvdkb0rsdK;a&muf_yD; pm&dwyW gysudqD;aecJhw,f?
A ုပ္စုနွစ္စုကြဲေနသည္ကို ညီလာခံျဖင့္သာ ေပါင္းစည္းႏိူင္မည္ဟု ေမွ်ာ္လင့္ၾကၿပီး က်င္းပရန္ျပင္ဆင္ခဲ့ၾကသည္။
Uီးရမ္းမဂ်ီး ဘားမား( A ႏိၵယေရာက္)၊Uီးဘိုၾကီး (A ေမရိကန္ တက္ဆက္္ေရာက္)၊ Uီးျမင့္သိန္း(ထိုင္းႏိူင္ငံမဲ
ေဆာက္ေရာက္)တို ့မွ Uီးေဆာင္ကန္ ့ကြက္ ဆႏၵျပေသာေၾကာင့္၁၉၉၂. ခုနွစ္တြင္ က်င္းပသည့္ ညီလာခံသည္
ပ်က္စီးသြားခဲ့သည္။ (udkwifOD;pmrl&if;)
tJh'gvnf;r[kwfbl;?cGJwGuftkyfpkta_ctaeuawmhusaemf tenf;i,fa&;_yD;_yD?nDvmcHu tzGJh0ifawG
oabmxm;eJhvkyfwJhnDvmcHr[kwfbl;?a'gufwmpdef0if;OD;aqmifaom pDtdkpDrSoabmusvkyfwJhnDvmcH/
Auy zGJhpnf;ykH yk'fr 39=40udk udk;um;_yD;vkyfwmygvdk h tJ'dwkH;u A[dkaumfrwDwa,mufu twdtus
a_ymwJh twGuf tzGJh0ifxku rauseyf_yD; oGm;rwufvdk hOD;a&r_ynfhbJ nDvmcHratmif_rifcJhwmyg?
tJh'dwkH;u t"duOD;aqmifolu (OD;_rodef;(tvif;0if)=OD;&rf;rusD;)olwdk hudk woD;ykwfuvdu a'gufwm
pef;atmifvmac:w,f?(rat;0if;vufbuf&nfqdkifrSm)olwdk hrvdkufoGm;vdk hysufwmvnf;ygw,f?
A က်ဳိးစီးပြားA တြက္ ဗမာစစ္A ာဏာရွင္တို ့ကို ဒူးတုပ္ခစားေနၾကသည့္ ထိုင္းတို ့၏နယ္ေျမA တြင္းသို
့ေတာ္လွန္ေရးA င္A ားစုမ်ားA ားလံုးတို ့သည္ ၁၉၉၅ .ဇန္န၀ါရီလမွာပင္ စတင္၀င္ေရာက္ခိုလွူံၾကရပါသည္။ A ဖြဲ
့A စည္းA ားလံုးတို ့သည္ ထားရာေန၊ ေစရာသြား၊ ေမးရာေျဖ၊ ေတာင္းရာေပးရတဲဲ့ A က်ယ္ခ်ဳပ္
A က်U္းစံဘ၀မ်ဳိးပင္ျဖစ္ပါသည္။ တန္းစီးမွူးၾကီးကေတာ့ (K.N.U)ပင္ျဖစ္ပါသည္။ တန္းစီးၾကီး၏A ျဖစ္ကလည္း
သူတို ့၏နွစ္သစ္ကူးပဲြေတာ္ကိုပင္ ၾကက္ပြဲေလာက္သာသာရွိတဲ့ လူA င္A ားနဲ ့ပဲ ေက်နပ္ေနၾကရပါသည္။
(udkwifOD;pmrl&if;)
cifAsm;a&;wJhpmydk'fudk _yef-unfhygtkH; &efolowif;pmxJua&;enf;twdkif;bJ?KNUudk y,fy,fe,fe,f
aqmfxm;wm b,favmuf&kyfysufovJ/cifAsm;wdk husaemfwdk hawmxJwkH;u pm;ae aea&; 7yfwnfEdkifwm
awGu KNU a-umifh cifAsm;towfrcH&wm Adkvfcskyf_ra-umifhAsm bmvdkaus;Zl;uef;wmvJ cifAsm;a&;
wJh&nf&G,fcsufbmvJ?1995 r,femyavmusawmhA[dk u wyfr[m(6)bufa&mufoGm;w,f?cifAsm;a&;wm
awGu trSm;awG-uD;bJ?
ဗ.က.ပ. ပံုတူ ဒီမိုကေရစီညီလာခံပ်က္စီးၿပီး ေနက္ဆက္တြဲA ျဖစ္ျဖင့္ Uီးရမ္းမဂ်ီး ဘာားမား(A ႏိၵယေရာက္)၊
Uီးျမင့္သိန္း(ထိုင္းႏိူင္ငံမဲေဆာက္ေရာက္)၊ကိုထြန္းလွ(A ည့ံခံသြားသူ)တိုကိုဖမ္းဆီးၾကၿပီးမာနယ္ပေလာA ခ်ဳပ္ေထ
ာင္တြင္ေသဒါဏ္ေပးရန္ခ်ဳပ္ေနွာင္ထားလိုက္ၾကသည္။ထို(၃)Uီးတို ့သည္ ေသဒါဏ္နွင့္ထိုက္တန္ေသာ မည္သည္
ျပစ္မွု ့တစံုတခုကိုမွ က်ဳးလြန္ခဲ့ျခင္းနွင့္ က်ဳးလြန္ရန္ ႀကံစည္ၾကသူမ်ား မဟုတ္ေၾကာင္းကိုစြတ္စြဲၾကသူမ်ားမွလြဲ၍
A ားလံုးမွသိထားၾကသည္။ထိုေၾကာင့္ဗဟိုစခန္းတြင္(၃၁)ေယာက္ရွိသည့္A နက္(၂၇)ေယာက္တို ့မွ ကြန္ ့ကြက္
ဆႏၵျပခဲ့ေသာ္လည္း ရန္ကုန္တိုင္A တြင္းမွ (၁၁)ေယာက္ကိုသာ A မည္စာရင္းနွင့္တကြ ေရြးခ်ယ္ဖမ္းဆီးခဲ့ၾက
သည္။ထို ့ေနာက္ေသဒါဏ္ေပးရန္ ႀကိဳးစားေသာ္လည္း (ေကA န္ယူ) ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္ႀကီးေစာဘိုျမက ကန္
့ကြက္ေသာေၾကာင့္ ေသဒါဏ္ကို ရုပ္သိမ္းခဲ့ၾကၿပီး လြတ္ေျမာက္နယ္ေျမမွ နွင္ထုတ္ခဲ့ၾကသည္။
(udkwifOD;pmrl&if;)
cifAsm;a&;wJh tJh'dtydk'fuvnf; t"dur[kwfao;bl;?t"du usaemfwdk hqDu acgif;aqmiftcsdhu EGm;av;
cdkrSmpcef;cs_yD; _ynfwGif;vkyfief;vkyfaewJh udkaX;atmif(wcsdefu udkrdk;oD; vuf&kH;=,cku,ef;_ynfopfygwDrSm
rdef;r&ae)eJh vlabmifopf&JabmfawG (t,l0g'wl)udk txif-uD;_yD;udk,fh&JabmfawGvkyforsStaumif;r_rifbl;/
/OD;7rf;rusD;=udk_rifhod%f;=udkbdk-uD;wdk hu EGm;av;cdkpcef; 7if;(8)Adkvfr+;*sdK;&if;EDS;awmh aX;atmifu olhwefcdk;
tm%marS;rSdefvdk hremvdk (olwdk ht&+wfawmfykHudkxdkvlawGuodawmh) (teft,f'D(vGwfa_rmufe,fa_r)
pDtdkpDwOD;eJhaygif;_yD;t_ywf&Sif;wm_zpfw,f?
'Dta_ctaeawGudk bma-umifha_ym_yEdkifovJqdkawmh usaemfwdk hudk zrf;xm;_yD;_yefvGwfcsdef OD;odefOD;OD;aqmif
um EGm;av;cdk udkqif;awmh (cifAsm;wdfkhnDtpfudkESpfa,mufryg)Adkvfr+;*sdK;a_ym_ywmyg?aX;atmifu _rifhod%f;
rdef;rvdkufw,f?-unf0if;=xGef;vS atmifa_c&mGawGrSmxifwdkif;-uJaew,f?OD;&rf;rusD;aiGawGtvGJokH;pm;vkyf
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NLD(LA)COC awGa-umufwJh carmufawmifpcef;ay:cJh&wmawG tcsdeftm;&ifNLD(LA)ordkif;
tptqkH;rrSDvdkufwJh&JabmfawGudk a7;_yygtkH;r,f?"gwfykHawGeJhaz:_yay;r,f?

NLD(LA)twGuf *k%fa&mifa_ymifpGmwdkufyGJ0ifcJhwJh oli,fcsif; vkyfaz:udkifzufrsm;


NLD(LA)twGuf *k%fa&mifa_ymifpGmwdkufyGJ0if_yD; usqkH;oGm;wJh oli,fcsif; vkyfaz:udkifzufrsm;
NLD(LA)twGuf *k%fa&mifa_ymifpGmwm0efxrf;aqmif,if; &efolaxmifrSm tzrf;cHcJh&wJholi,fcsif;
vkyfaz:udkifzufrsm;
NLD(LA)twGuf ,ae hxdopPm&SdpGm &yfwnfae-uwJh A[kd/EdkifiHwuma&mufoli,fcsif; vkyfaz:udkif
zufrsm;udk tpOfxm0&av;pm;aewJh

xGef;xGef;OD; _opa_wvs