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Unit 1 Language summary

Nouns male Adjectives Verbs
The alphabet math Possessives am
See Exercise 4 on page 3. name my are
Numbers nickname your is
(1–10) phone number his
teacher Adverbs
See Exercise 11 on her
page 6. our Responses
Pronouns no
Subjects Other
Titles yes
I famous
Miss Other
you first
Mr. not
he last
Mrs. (over) there
she married
Ms. too (= also)
it popular
Other single
book Other Preposition
this in (my class)
class Article
classmate what the Conjunctions
female and

Saying hello Introducing yourself and others Thanking someone
Hello. Hi, my name is . . . . Thank you./Thanks.
Hi. I’m . . . . You’re welcome.
Good morning. It’s nice to meet you. Expressing surprise
Good afternoon. Nice to meet you, too. Oh!
Good evening. This is . . . . Apologizing
How are you? Checking and confirming information I’m sorry.
Great! How about you? What’s your (last) name (again)? Giving an opinion
I’m (just) fine. It’s . . . . I think . . . .
I’m OK. Is that . . . ?
Not bad. Yes, that’s right.
Saying good-bye No, it’s . . . .
Bye. Are you . . . ?
Bye-bye. Yes, I am.
Good-bye. No, I’m not.
See you later. How do you spell . . . ?
See you tomorrow. Getting someone’s attention
Have a nice day. Excuse me.
Have a good evening.
Thanks. You, too.
Good night.

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Unit 2 Language summary

Nouns Personal items Other Verbs
Classroom objects address book address open
board bag box relax
(English) book briefcase café
camera car Adverbs
book bag
CD player exercise now
cassette player
cell phone pocket very (+ adjective)
chopsticks sentence where
desk DVD player Prepositions
earring(s) Pronouns
dictionary behind
door glasses in front of
encyclopedia hairbrush next to
eraser keys on
map newspaper under
notebook purse Adjectives
pen stamp gone
pencil sunglasses interesting
table (tele)phone nice
wall television
wastebasket ticket Articles
window umbrella a
wallet an

Identifying things Thanking someone Thinking before responding
What’s this (called in English)? Thank you! Let me see.
I don’t know. No problem. Uh, . . . .
It’s a . . . . Expressing pleasure Hmm. . . .
What are these (called Wow! Agreeing
in English)? Oh, cool! OK.
They’re . . . . It’s great! You’re right.
Identifying the owner of something Expressing disappointment Realizing something
Is this your . . . ? Oh, no! Wait (a minute)!
Yes, it is. Giving an opinion
No, it’s not. I bet . . . .
Are these your . . . ?
Yes, they are.
No, they’re not.

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Unit 3 Language summary

Nouns Pronouns Personality Adverbs
Countries, nationalities, Subjects friendly only (+ age)
and languages he funny originally
See the appendix at the she nice really (+ adjective)
back of the Student’s we quiet this week
Book. Other serious
shy Prepositions
People that
smart from (Korea)
baby who
talkative in (Mexico)
Determiner of (the family)
family Numbers and ages
a little (11–30; 40, 50, etc.)
(best) friend Conjunctions
mother Adjectives See Exercise 7 on but
parent(s) page 17. so
partner beautiful Other
sister cute early
student good-looking false
Places handsome large (largest)
city (plural: cities) heavy late
country (plural: pretty new
countries) short old
world tall true
Other thin

Asking about countries, Getting someone’s attention
nationalities, and languages Look!
Where are you from? Introducing a different topic
I’m from Korea. By the way, . . . .
What’s Korea like? Introducing an explanation or idea
It’s . . . . Well, . . . .
Are you Japanese? Expressing surprise
Yes, I am. Really?
No, I’m not.
Is your first language English?
Yes, it is.
No, it isn’t.
Asking about people
Who’s that?
He’s . . . .
What’s his name?
His name is . . . .
How old is he?
He’s (twenty) years old.
What’s he like?
He’s . . . .

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Unit 4 Language summary

Nouns Seasons Weather Verbs
Clothes spring cloudy ask
belt summer cold rain
blouse fall cool snow
boot(s) winter hot wear
cap Other humid
celebrity sunny Adverbs
warm maybe
dress disaster
windy today
glove(s) home
hat leisure Possessives Prepositions
(high) heels problem my around (the world)
jacket taxi your at (home)
jeans work his
pajamas world her Conjunctions
pants our and
Adjectives their but
scarf Colors Other
shirt beige all
shoe(s) black dry
shorts (dark/light) blue favorite
skirt (dark/light) brown new
sneakers (dark/light) gray
socks (dark/light) green Pronouns
suit orange Possessives
sweater pink mine
sweatshirt purple yours
swimsuit red his
tie white hers
T-shirt yellow ours

Talking about preferences Making a contrast
What are your favorite colors? . . . , but . . . .
My favorite colors are . . . . Getting someone’s attention
Asking about and describing clothing Hey!
What color is/are . . . ? Asking about a problem
It’s/They’re . . . . What’s the matter?
Are you wearing . . . ? Making a suggestion
Yes, I am. Let’s . . . .
No, I’m not. I’m wearing . . . .
Talking about the weather
It’s snowing/raining/ . . . .
It’s cloudy/cold/hot/sunny/ . . . .

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Unit 5 Language summary

Nouns Verbs sleep Other
Meals call study (right) now
breakfast cook swim there
lunch dance take (a walk) why
dinner do watch (television)
drive work Conjunction
Form of address so
Mom eat
Other get (hungry)
get up
bike at midnight/at noon
conference go (to work/to the
movies) at night
city in the afternoon
movie have (breakfast/lunch/
dinner) in the evening
pizza in the morning
soccer Clock times
play (soccer/tennis)
tennis 6:00 A.M./6:00 P.M.
time zone midnight
Adjectives ride (a bike) noon
awake run a quarter after (six)
hungry shop a quarter to (six)

Talking about the time Talking on the phone
What time is it? Hello?
It’s . . . o’clock (in the morning/ . . . ). Hi, . . . . This is . . . .
It’s . . . after . . . . Checking information
It’s a quarter after . . . . Right?
It’s . . . –thirty. Yes.
It’s a quarter to . . . . (Oh,) right.
It’s . . . to . . . . Apologizing
Talking about current activities I’m really sorry.
What are you doing? That’s OK.
I’m . . . . Giving a reason
Are you . . . -ing? . . . , so . . . .
Yes, I am. Expressing enjoyment in food
No, I’m not. I’m . . . -ing. Mmm.

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Unit 6 Language summary

Nouns Days of the week Verbs Other
Transportation Monday exercise sometimes
bike Tuesday live then
bus Wednesday meet together
car Thursday need when
motorcycle Friday see (family/friends)
Saturday serve
at (noon)
train Sunday start
by (bus/car)
taxi/cab weekday stop
on (Sundays)
Family weekend take (a taxi/cab)
with (my parents)
brother Other use
child (plural: children) homework walk
daughter job
survey Times
all day
Pronouns at night
Object pronouns early
me every day
us late
Places Determiner Places
apartment a lot of
coffee shop
house Adjectives far (from here)
alone here
busy near (our house)
restaurant public Responses
retired Sure.
slow Yeah.

Talking about routines
What time do you . . . ?
At . . . .
When does he . . . ?
He . . . at . . . .
Does he . . . ?
Yes, he . . . every morning.
How do you get to . . . ?
Expressing sympathy
That’s too bad.

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Unit 7 Language summary

Nouns Kinds of homes Appliances Adjectives
Parts of houses and cabin microwave oven another
apartment buildings houseboat refrigerator big
bathroom penthouse stove dream (home)
bedroom villa Other expensive
closet Furniture computer lucky
dining room armchair difference small
elevator bed drive
bookcase forest
(first/second) floor love
garage curtain(s) store
hall dresser view
kitchen lamp Adverbs
mirror Determiners
laundry room just (one room)
living room picture next (weekend)
lots of
lobby rug
room sofa

Asking about and describing a home
What’s the house/apartment like?
It’s beautiful.
It has . . . .
Does it have . . . ?
Yes, it does.
No, it doesn’t.
There’s a/an . . . .
There’s no . . . .
There isn’t a/an . . . .
There are some . . . .
There aren’t any . . . .
There are no . . . .
Expressing approval
(Oh,) nice.
That’s great.
This . . . is great.
That’s super.
That sounds nice.
Giving surprising information
Guess what?

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Unit 8 Language summary

Nouns police officer Adjectives guess
Jobs receptionist boring handle
athlete salesperson dangerous sit
cashier security guard difficult stand
chef/cook singer easy talk
doctor waiter/waitress exciting teach
firefighter Workplaces interesting write
flight attendant high school perfect
front desk agent hospital relaxing
after (work)
judge hotel safe
lawyer office stressful
manager Other terrific
pretty (plus adjective)
musician money
photographer person (plural: people)
pilot uniform

Exchanging information about work Exchanging personal information
Where do you work? How are things (with you)?
I work in a/an . . . . Not bad.
What do you do there? I hear . . . .
I’m a/an . . . . Giving more information
When do you start/finish work? . . . , you know.
I start/finish work at . . . . Giving surprising information
What do you do after work? Actually, . . . .
I.... Expressing interest
Where does your brother work? That’s funny.
He works . . . . That’s interesting.
What does he do? Expressing uncertainty
He . . . . I guess . . . .
Talking about likes and dislikes
How do you like it?
Not very much.
I really like it.
It’s OK.
They hate it.
I like it/them a lot.

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Unit 9 Language summary

Nouns Grains Vegetables Verbs
Meals bread broccoli buy
breakfast cereal carrot(s) come
lunch cracker(s) celery drink
dinner noodles lettuce put
snack pasta tomato(es) try
Dairy (foods) rice onion(s) want
cheese toast potato(es)
tortilla(s) Other foods Adverbs
Fruit jam Adverbs of frequency
apple(s) jelly always
Desserts hardly ever
cake banana(s) pickle(s)
mango(es) picnic often
orange(s) (potato) salad sometimes
fruit salad
strawberries (singular: sandwich(es) usually
ice cream
strawberry) soup never
Meat and other protein Other Other
Drinks (Japanese-) style
coffee bacon habit
(orange) juice bean(s) Prepositions
beef Determiner
lemonade very little at (my desk)
(green) tea chicken for (breakfast/the picnic)
Fat, oil, sugar egg(s) Adjectives
butter fish awful
candy hamburger(s) bad
cream nuts good
mayonnaise mealtime
oil other
potato chips sweet

Talking about likes and dislikes Talking about health
I like . . . . . . . is/are good for you.
I don’t like . . . . . . . is/are bad for you.
I don’t want . . . . Making a suggestion
I hate . . . . How about . . . ?
That sounds awful! Agreeing to do something
Talking about things you need All right.
Do we have any . . . ? OK.
Yes, we do. Sure!
No, we don’t. We need some. Disagreeing with an opinion
Do you need any . . . ? I think . . . .
Yes, we need some . . . . Are you sure? I think . . . .
No, we don’t need any . . . . Thinking before responding

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Unit 10 Language summary

Nouns Other Determiner fix
Sports ability all paint
baseball beach practice
chess Adjectives sing
contest artistic surf
bike riding
free time athletic tell
horse hidden
golf Adverb
joke mechanical
gymnastics about
piano musical
show technical
hockey Time expressions
ice-skating song Verbs once/twice a month
skiing talent act tomorrow
volleyball team bake
TV design
violin draw
Web page enter

Talking about sports Giving a compliment
What sports do you like/play/watch? You can . . . really well!
I love/play/watch (soccer). You’re a really good . . . !
I don’t like/play (golf). Thanks.
I (really) love (tennis). Introducing a topic
Who do you play/watch soccer with? So, . . . .
With some friends from work. Expressing interest
When does your team practice? Really?
We practice on Sundays. Oh, yeah?
What time do you start practice? Agreeing to do something
We start practice at noon. Sure. Why not?
Where do you play?
We play in the park at the beach.
Talking about abilities and talents
What can I do?
Can you sing?
Yes, I can.
No, I can’t.
Can they sing?
Yes, they can sing very well.
No, they can’t sing at all.

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Unit 11 Language summary

Nouns Christmas Pronoun send
Months Father’s Day anything stay home
January graduation take (me) out
Halloween Adjectives take pictures
March Independence Day Dates
Mother’s Day (1st–31st) Adverbs
New Year’s Day See Exercise 1 on Time expressions
Thanksgiving page 62. next month
Valentine’s Day Other next summer
wedding embarrassing next week
special this weekend
September Other
October card Verbs tomorrow night
November dance ask tonight
December girlfriend celebrate
parade Other
Holidays, festivals, and end
party so (= very)
special occasions get married
anniversary pictures invite
birthday present order

Talking about future plans Talking about dates
Are you going to do anything exciting this weekend? When is your birthday?
Yes, I am. I’m going to . . . . It’s September 5th.
No, I’m not. I’m going to . . . . Wishing someone a good holiday
What are your plans? Happy birthday!
What are you going to do? Thanks.
I’m going to . . . . Have a good Valentine’s Day!
Where are you going to go? Thanks. You, too.
I’m going to go to . . . . Exchanging information
How are you going to get there? How about you?
We’re going to . . . . Expressing approval
Who’s going to be there? (That) sounds like fun.
. . . is/are going to be there. Fabulous!
When/What time are you going to . . . ?
We’re going to . . . at . . . .

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Unit 12 Language summary

Nouns Health problems Adjectives Verbs
Parts of the body backache Positive feelings give
ankle cough better hurt
arm earache fantastic point
back fever fine rest
chest the flu great stay up
chin headache terrific take a look
ear sore eyes/throat Negative feelings
stomachache Adverbs
elbow awful
toothache already
eye exhausted much
finger(s) Medications homesick well
foot (plural: feet) antacid miserable
hand aspirin sick
head (cold) pills sore
heel cough drops terrible
knee cough syrup tired
leg eye drops Other
mouth muscle cream common
neck Other wrong
nose dentist
shoulder hour
stomach part
throat patient
thumb soda
tooth (plural: teeth)

Talking about health problems Giving a suggestion
How are you? Maybe I can help.
How do you feel (today)? I have an idea.
Not so good. Take/Don’t take . . . .
What the matter? Eat/Don’t eat . . . .
What’s wrong? Agreeing with a suggestion
I feel sick. That’s a great idea!
I don’t feel well. Asking for more information
Expressing sympathy Anything else?
That’s too bad.
I’m sorry to hear that.
That’s good.
I’m glad to hear that.

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Unit 13 Language summary

Nouns Form of address Prepositions
Places ma’am across from
avenue Other behind
bank attraction between
bridge gasoline next to
bookstore map on
cathedral tourist on the corner of
center traveler’s checks on the left/right
coffee shop
department store
Go down/up
Turn around
gas station
Turn left/right
movie theater
Walk down/up
parking lot Adverbs
post office also
rest room right
shoe store

Asking for and giving locations
Is there a . . . around here?
Yes, there is. It’s next to/across from/ . . . .
(No.) I don’t think so.
Where’s the . . . ? Is it far from here?
It’s right behind you.
Asking for and giving directions
How do/can I get to . . . ?
Walk/Go up . . . .
Walk/Go down . . . .
Turn left/right on . . . .
It’s on the left/right.
You can’t miss it.
Getting someone’s attention
Excuse me.
Asking for help
Can you help me?

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Unit 14 Language summary

Nouns Verbs Adverbs
lesson clean Time expressions
library come home yesterday
mail go out last night
mall have fun last week
meeting invite . . . over last weekend
museum open last month
music speak last summer
roommate listen last year
test stay home Other
vacation stay out almost
white-water rafting take (classes/lessons) anywhere
travel in line
Adjective visit

Talking about past activities
Did you . . . this weekend?
Yes, I did. I . . . .
No, I didn’t. I . . . .
What did you do?
I didn’t . . . .
Did you do anything else?
Giving opinions about past experiences
Did you like . . . ?
Yes, I did. I liked it a lot.
Did you have fun?
Yes, we did. We had a great time.
Asking for more information
What else . . . ?

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Unit 15 Language summary

Nouns Jobs Verbs
Classes at school actor be born
drama actress grow up
history designer spend (time)
physical education hairstylist
Other Adverbs
Places at school capital
classroom (first) grade
on time
gym major
right away
lunchroom place of birth
playground time line Preposition
Schools year of birth for ( . . . years)
elementary school Adjectives Conjunction
junior high school same because
high school scary
college young

Exchanging personal information
When were you born?
I was born in 1984.
Where were you born?
I was born in Korea.
Were you born in the U.S.?
Yes, I was.
No, I wasn’t. I was born in . . . .
How old were you in . . . ?
I was . . . .
What was your favorite . . . ?
It was . . . .
Asking about someone
Who was . . . ?
He was . . . .
What city was he born in?
He was born in . . . .
What nationality was he?
He was . . . .
What was he like?
He was . . . .
He wasn’t . . . .
Asking for an opinion
What do you think?

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Unit 16 Language summary

Nouns Verbs Prepositions
amusement park babysit at the (beach/library/mall)
art call (you) back in (bed/class/Mexico)
comedy have to in the (hospital/shower/yard)
concert help on (her break/a trip/vacation)
dance club need to
date want to
excuse would like to
message Adverb
around (seven o’clock)

Making a phone call Making and accepting an invitation Asking what is happening
Hello. Is . . . there/in? Do you want to . . . (with me)? What’s up?
Hi. Can I speak with . . . ? Would you like to . . . (with me)? Asking for a favor
No, I’m sorry, she’s not here Sure. I’d love to . . . (with you). Can you . . . ?
right now. Yes, I’d like to. Please . . . .
Yes, but she can’t come to Declining an invitation and making Offering to help
the phone right now. an excuse Can I help you?
Taking a phone message I’m sorry, but I can’t. I have to . . . . Expressing happy surprise
Can she call you later? Sorry, I need to . . . . Terrific!
Do you want to leave a message? I’d like to, but . . . .
Can I take a message? Suggesting a different activity
Sure. Please give her my number. I don’t really like basketball.
Yes. Please ask/tell her to call me. Do you want to do something else?
Recording an answering-machine
Hi. This is . . . . I/We can’t come
to the phone right now. Please
leave me/us a message after
the tone.

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