Industrial Training Institute - Vyara

C.O.E. MODULE-ECBT: 4. “BASIC Electrical Wiring & Winding ”

Course Content
Fonda mental of electricity Electrical word, definition and unit Wiring System Requirement of electrical installation Types of wiring System. TW Batten wiring PVC Casing Capping Wiring Conduit Pipe Wiring. IE Rules of Wiring.

Multy Storage wiring. Wiring Installation Diagram and Symbol. Fault of Wiring. Magger. DC Motor and its Speed Control. Motor use in industries. Starter. Winding. Telephone Wiring. Transformer Winding.

Fundamental concept of electrical energy
• Introduction. • Importance of electricity. • Use of electricity • 1. In industries : Heating, welding, electroplating. • 2. Domestic : Light, fan, heater, washing machine. • 3. Commercial : Cinema, Lift, water pump, lighting, adverting display.

Direct Current. Alternating current. Source of electricity. 1. Battery. 2. Dc generator. 3. Alternator.

Definition & Unit Electromotive force. (emf) Current Resistance One Ampere One volt Electric power One watt ( W ) One Ohms Electric energy One kilo watt hour Specific resistance .Electrical word.

(a) Switch and two plate ceiling rose or switch and batten holder lopping. 3. 2. (b) Three plate ceiling rose looping. Domestic Wiring. (c) In junction box looping . Looping System. Types of wiring as using. Wiring System 1. Tree System. 1.Wiring introduction & system Introduction of wiring. Industrial wiring. 2. Commercial Wiring.

Supply of energy and uses. protection. Cut out in consumer’s area. Handling of electrical supply line and equipment.Indian electricity rules pertaining to Domesting wiring Electrical Supply line and equipment ’s construction. Introduction of earth conductor and earth neutral position of switch and cut out. Seal of meter and cut out. Installation. Earth terminal in consumer’s area. Consumer ‘s service line and equipment. . operation and safety.

Industrial Wiring. Domestic Wiring. 1. Commercial Wiring.WIRING  Introduction of wiring. 2.  Types of wiring according to the Uses. 3. .


 Factors Affecting choice of wiring  Safety  Duration  Appearance  Accessibility  Maintenance  Cost .

Batten Wiring (a) PVC Batten wiring. Casing Capping wiring (a) Wood Casing capping Wiring (b) PVC Casing Capping Wiring. © Lead Shedh Wiring. Cleat Wiring 2. . Types of Wiring 1. (b) TRS/CTS Wiring. 3.

Conduit Wiring (a) Surface conduit wiring Metal Conduit Wiring PVC conduit wiring (b) Consiled Conduit Wiring Metal Conduit Wiring. .4. PVC Conduit wiring.

• Cleat wiring This System uses insulated Cables sub protected in porcelain cleats. . viz. safety. appearance.CLEAT WIRING • Introduction The types of wiring to be adopted is dependent on various factors. consumer’s budget etc. durability. cost.

The bottom half is grooved to receive the wire and the top half is for cable grip.Cleat wiring is recommended only for temporary installations. Two types of cleats. Cleats are of three types. Initially the bottom and top cleats are fixed on the wall loosely according to the layout. The cleats are made in pairs having bottom and top halves. tensioned and the cleats are tightened by the screw. Then the cable is drawn. . two or three grooves. two or three wires. so as to receive one. having one.

When not required. cleats and accessories . this wiring could be dismantled without damage to the cables. This wiring can be quickly installed.• Cleat wiring is one of the cheapest wiring considering the initial cost and labor. and is most suitable for temporary wiring. easily inspected and altered.


as far as practicable. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR CLEAT WIRING • General This system shall not be employed for wiring on damp walls or ceilings unless precautions are adopted for effectively preventing dampness and thus the deterioration of the insulation of the conductors. In positions where they would be liable to mechanical injury and where they are less than 1.B. • .S. • Accessibility Cleat wiring shall be run. so as to be visible.5 m above the floor. they shall be adequately protected.I.

Cleats shall be fixed at distances not more than 60 cm apart and at regular intervals. a base piece and a cap. PVC and polythene insulted cables. . braided or unbraided insulted cables could be used without any further protection.• Class of cables Vulcanized rubber insulted cables. • Cleats All cleats shall consist of two parts.

cleats shall be attached to wooden plugs fixed to the walls .Where cleat wiring is laid along an iron joist. • Fixing of cleats In ordinary cases. porcelain cleats shall be inserted either with varnished wood fillets or varnished wood clamps securely fixed so as to prevent the conductors from coming in contact with the metal along witch they are passing.

5 cm apart. Care shall be taken in selecting the size of cleats particularly for branch distribution wiring where two-way and three-way porcelain cleats are essential and the difference in size shall be reasonable.• Distance apart of wires For pressure up to 250 volts. centre to centre. Care should . conductors shall not be less than 2. cleats shall be of such dimensions that in the case of branch loads. centre to centre. and in the case of sub-mains not less than 4 cm apart.

Care should also be taken ensure that grooves of porcelain cleats do not compress the insulation nor be too wide for a loose fit. Under no circumstances two wires shall be placed in one groove of the porcelain cleats.• also be taken ensure that grooves f porcelain cleats are essential and the difference in size shall be reasonable. .

• Protection near the floor No cleat wiring shall be left unprotected up to 1. junction boxes with porcelain connectors inside shall be used. (IS 732-1963) . which will rigidly maintain a distance of atleast1.• Crossing of conductors Where cleated conductors cross each other they shall be separated by an insulating bridging piece.3 cm between the conductors. Where joints are required for connecting bifurcating wires.5 m above the floor level. When brought through the floor it shall be enclosed in a conduit.

S.Sheathed cables are suitable to run on teak wood battens.) or PVC.R.BATTEN WIRING • Batten Wiring Tough rubber-Sheathed (T. • Varnishing of teak wood batten • Method of securing the battens • Suitability of tough rubber-sheathed cable • Suitability of PVC sheathed cable • Painting • Bending in wiring • Passing through the walls • Buried cable .

. Link clips are of two types. • Link clip which has separate linking eye. Link clip are available in the following size. • Joint link clip which has combined linking eye.• Link Clips Link clips are used for family clipping the cables in position.

40mm. 63mm. while above that they have two holes for fixing. Fig2 shows the joint link clips. 80mm. 63mm. 50mm.25mm.32mm and have one hole up to 40mm while above that they have two hole for fixing. . Link clips are made of tin or brass.coated tin or aluminum. 32mm. 32mm. 40mm. 25mm. These are available in the sizes 16mm. out of which up to 40mm clips have one hole. 50mm. 80mm with a thickness of 0.


insulated cables or plastic insulated cables are use and carried within the wood casing enclosures. . in this wiring. The wood casing wiring system shall not be use in damp places and in ill-ventilated places.CASING CAPPING WIRING • Introduction This system of wiring is suitable for low voltage installation. unless suitable precautions are taken. cables like vulcanized rubber.

seasoned teak wood or any other approved hardwood free from knots.• Material and pattern of casing All casing shall be of first class. both inside and out side with pure shellac varnish. . with all the sides planed to a smooth finish.molded cover as desired. and all sides well varnished. shakes. The casing shall have a grooved body with a beaded or plain. saps or other defects.

• Attachment of capping. • Attachment of casing to wall and ceiling. . • Joints in casing and capping. • Bunching of circuits. The size of casing and capping to be used for various sizes of 250 volts grade insulated cables in a groove shall be in accordance with those specified in table 1.• Dimensions of casing. • Passing over the floors.

Straight joint. .• Types of Joint 1. Cross. Corner joint. Right.angled joint. 4. 6. Tee-bridge joint.bridge joint. 3. 5. 2. Tee joint.

.1. Straight joint.

. Tee joint.1.

Corner joint.1. .

• Half-lap T joint .

• Cross.Joint .

CONDUIT WIRING • Introduction In general. . Tubular conduit is the most commonly used material in electrical installations. the system of wiring is called conduit wiring. a conduit is defined as a tube or channel. When cables are drawn through the conduit and terminated at the outlet or switch points.

.• Types of conduits.Rigid steel conduit 2.Flexible steel conduit 4.Rigid non-metallic conduit 3. 1.Flexible non metallic conduit. There are four types of conduits used for wiring.

• PVC Fittings and accessories couplers 1. Circular boxes 6. Rectangular boxes. Elbow 3. Tee 5. Couplers 2. . Bends 4.

• Couplers .

• Elbow .

• Bends .

• Tees .

• Circular boxes .

• Rectangular boxes .

• Junction Boxes .

Principal and operation of DC motor. . DC Shunt Motor 2. Types of Dc motor.DC Motor Introduction of DC motor. Motor Characteristics. DC Series Motor 3. 1. DC Different ional Compound Motor Starting of DC Motor Speed Control of DC Motor. DC Compound Motor. 4.

•Squirrel cage induction motor •Slip ring induction motor •Single phase induction motor .AC MOTOR Different types of variable speed AC Motors and their control. Different types of motors used in industries.

speed and their method of wiring Motor connection and earthling Application of 3-point. 4 point star delta starters.Classification and cooling methods Motor size. .

– – – Shaded pole motor Capacitor Start Induction run motor Capacitor start capacitor run motor. .Single Phase Motor • • Introduction Types of Single phase induction motor.

Starter • • • Introduction Requirement of Starter Different types of Starter – Direct on line Starter – Auto Transformer Starter – Star-Delta Starter – Rotor resistance Starter • Working principal of all different types of starter. .

Lay out symbol of electrical Installation Fault finding of electrical Installation Magger Telephone wiring .

4) To measure earth resistance . 3) Testing of continuities of circuits. 2) Testing of faults.MEGGER • • • • • • • • Introduction Varies uses of megger 1) To measure insulation resistance of wire. Structure of megger Megger use as a earth tester .

Single phase winding 2. Single layer winding 2. winding pitch.Winding Introduction DC machine winding 1. coil pitch.Pole Pitch. AC machine winding 1. Back pitch. Front pitch. Wav winding . Three phase winding 1. Lap winding 2. Double layer winding .

Transformer winding • Introduction of transformer winding • Prepare data of transformer .

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