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Verifying MIMO Operation and Downlink Coverage for LTE & TD-LTE
Verifying MIMO Operation and
Downlink Coverage for LTE & TD-LTE
Andy Standen, Product Manager Eric Hakanson, Senior Product Manager 22 June 2011
Andy Standen, Product Manager
Eric Hakanson, Senior Product Manager
22 June 2011

June 2011

Slide 1

for LTE & TD-LTE Andy Standen, Product Manager Eric Hakanson, Senior Product Manager 22 June 2011
Agenda
Agenda
!   LTE MIMO Overview !   The MIMO Measurement Challenge !   Anritsuʼs LTE
!   LTE MIMO Overview
!   The MIMO Measurement Challenge
!   Anritsuʼs LTE MIMO Measurement Solution
!   Anritsuʼs LTE RRH Measurement Solution
!   Example measurements, troubleshooting problems
!   Downlink Coverage Troubleshooting
!   New LTE Measurements
!   Conclusion
!   Q&A

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

Slide 2

Troubleshooting !   New LTE Measurements !   Conclusion !   Q&A Mar 2011 Company Confidential
LTE MIMO Overview (2X2 examples)
LTE MIMO Overview (2X2 examples)

MIMO Transmit Diversity

LTE MIMO Overview (2X2 examples) MIMO Transmit Diversity MIMO Spatial Multiplexing !   Multiple Input, Multiple

MIMO Spatial Multiplexing

!   Multiple Input, Multiple Output    Input = Transmitter    Output =
!   Multiple Input, Multiple Output
   Input = Transmitter
   Output = Receiver
   2x2 common today
2 Tx in eNodeB, 1 Tx in UE
" 
!   Transmit Diversity
   Data stream repeated from all Tx
   Increase coverage
   Increase throughput at cell edge
"  Less error correction
!   Spatial Multiplexing
   Different data streams
   Higher data rate
   Relies on Multipath
   Requires good SNR

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

Slide 3

   Higher data rate    Relies on Multipath    Requires good SNR Mar
The MIMO Measurement Challenge
The MIMO Measurement Challenge
The MIMO Measurement Challenge Precoding causes bad EVM measurements on live traffic, even when connected directly

Precoding causes bad EVM measurements on live traffic, even when connected directly to the transmitter

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

Slide 4

!   Severe co-channel interference    Due to MIMO "  With 1 receiver 
!   Severe co-channel
interference
   Due to MIMO
"  With 1 receiver
   Multi-channel
measurement receivers
expensive
   Direct-connect
measurements?
"  “Precoding” precludes
Multi-channel measurement receivers expensive    Direct-connect measurements? "  “Precoding” precludes
The LTE MIMO Measurement Challenge
The LTE MIMO Measurement Challenge
!   LTE uses frequency reuse (“N”) of 1    Additional co-channel interference !
!   LTE uses frequency reuse (“N”) of 1
   Additional co-channel interference
!   Connection between transmitters and antenna
   Sector Alpha antenna pair
   1 Tx from Alpha, 1 Tx from Beta
!   Some eNodeBs have sync only on 1 st transmitter
   Others have on all transmitters
   Different troubleshooting method
!   Remote Radio Heads (RRHs) or …Units (RRUs)
   Complicate connecting to transmitter

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

Slide 5

Radio Heads (RRHs) or …Units (RRUs)    Complicate connecting to transmitter Mar 2011 Company Confidential
eNodeB: Remote Radio Unit
eNodeB: Remote Radio Unit
!   Single Sector Air Interface  Interference GPS Antenna Antennas   2x2 MIMO " 
!   Single Sector
Air
Interface
Interference
GPS Antenna
Antennas
  2x2 MIMO
"  2 radios per sector
"  Tx1 has Sync Signal
"  Tx2 may have Sync Signal
RF Cable
Jumper if close to antenna
!   Test Needs
Remote Radio Heads
Ideally located close
to antenna
   Transmitter
   Antenna & jumper cables
Fiber Optic Baseband Cable
with DC Power
   LTE signal quality
"  OTA if no access to RRU
Tx1 / Rx1
   Interference
Backhaul
   Coverage
Tx2 / Rx2
GigE ….
Channel
   Backhaul
Cards
Power Supply
   Fiber
Radio Server
Directional Coupler /
Test Port

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

Slide 6

Cards Power Supply    Fiber Radio Server Directional Coupler / Test Port Mar 2011 Company
Anritsuʼs LTE MIMO Measurement Solution
Anritsuʼs LTE MIMO Measurement Solution
Anritsuʼs LTE MIMO Measurement Solution Mar 2011 Company Confidential Slide 7 !   Over-the-air measurements of

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

Slide 7

!   Over-the-air measurements of Physical Broadcast Channel (PBCH)    Good indicator of eNodeB
!   Over-the-air measurements of
Physical Broadcast Channel
(PBCH)
   Good indicator of
eNodeB health
   Measures all transmitters
!   Reference Signal power of each
transmitter
   OTA Tx Test measurement
!   Throughput test to verify
backhaul
!   When problem detected
   Verify with direct-connect
measurement
   Test Model signal
   Each transmitter
problem detected    Verify with direct-connect measurement    Test Model signal    Each
MIMO Indicator
MIMO Indicator
!   Shows which transmitter detected    For EVM measurements "  OTA or direct-connect
!   Shows which transmitter detected
   For EVM measurements
"  OTA or direct-connect
"  Both show green for OTA-measuring both transmitters
OTA or direct-connect "  Both show green for OTA-measuring both transmitters Mar 2011 Company Confidential Slide

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

Slide 8

OTA or direct-connect "  Both show green for OTA-measuring both transmitters Mar 2011 Company Confidential Slide
Anritsuʼs LTE RRH Measurement Solution
Anritsuʼs LTE RRH Measurement Solution
Anritsuʼs LTE RRH Measurement Solution Mar 2011 Company Confidential Slide 9 !   “Tx Test” measurement

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

Slide 9

!   “Tx Test” measurement !   Optimal OTA transmitter test    Verifies low
!   “Tx Test” measurement
!   Optimal OTA transmitter test
   Verifies low co-channel interference
   Verifies MIMO
   OTA EVM
   Frequency Error
!   Also useful for non-RRH
   Verifies complete system
!   Guideline – OTA
   One cell ID
"  Or at least 20 dB dominance
   RS Delta power < 3 dB
   EVM < 10%
"  Measure at installation, track
changes
   Frequency Error < 10 Hz (GPS)
   Only quality indicator
Qualifications for OTA EVM Measurements
Qualifications for OTA EVM Measurements
!   Must be in a “sweet spot”    Good power level "  Ideally
!   Must be in a “sweet spot”
   Good power level
"  Ideally >> -80 dBm RS power
   Low co-channel interference
"  >20 dB dominance
"  Ideally only 1 signal
   About 500 yards/meters from antenna, center of sector
   No large reflectors nearby
!   Directional antennas
   If necessary
!   May need to move slightly to get optimal RS Delta Power
   See Tx Test measurement later in webinar

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

Slide 10

to get optimal RS Delta Power    See Tx Test measurement later in webinar Mar
Sweet Spot Examples
Sweet Spot Examples
Sweet Spot Examples Mar 2011 Company Confidential Slide 11 !   Poor Dominance = bad OTA
Sweet Spot Examples Mar 2011 Company Confidential Slide 11 !   Poor Dominance = bad OTA
Sweet Spot Examples Mar 2011 Company Confidential Slide 11 !   Poor Dominance = bad OTA
Sweet Spot Examples Mar 2011 Company Confidential Slide 11 !   Poor Dominance = bad OTA
Sweet Spot Examples Mar 2011 Company Confidential Slide 11 !   Poor Dominance = bad OTA
Sweet Spot Examples Mar 2011 Company Confidential Slide 11 !   Poor Dominance = bad OTA
Sweet Spot Examples Mar 2011 Company Confidential Slide 11 !   Poor Dominance = bad OTA
Sweet Spot Examples Mar 2011 Company Confidential Slide 11 !   Poor Dominance = bad OTA

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

Sweet Spot Examples Mar 2011 Company Confidential Slide 11 !   Poor Dominance = bad OTA

Slide 11

!   Poor Dominance = bad OTA EVM
!   Poor Dominance
= bad OTA EVM
!   >20 dB Dominance = medium OTA EVM
!   >20 dB Dominance
= medium OTA EVM
!   1 signal = good OTA EVM
!   1 signal
= good OTA EVM
Slide 11 !   Poor Dominance = bad OTA EVM !   >20 dB Dominance =
Troubleshooting Misconnected Transmitters
Troubleshooting Misconnected Transmitters
!   Tx Test    Incorrect Cell ID "  Scanner    Only 1
!   Tx Test
   Incorrect Cell ID
"  Scanner
   Only 1 Transmitter
"  Delta RS Power
  Wrong connection to antenna
"  Depends on eNodeB
manufacturer
»  Sync on 1 Tx
»  Sync on All Tx
»  See next slides

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

Slide 12

manufacturer »  Sync on 1 Tx »  Sync on All Tx »  See next slides Mar
Wrong Connection to Antenna—Sync on 1 Tx
Wrong Connection to Antenna—Sync on 1 Tx
Wrong Connection to Antenna—Sync on 1 Tx Mar 2011 Company Confidential Slide 13 !   Lots
Wrong Connection to Antenna—Sync on 1 Tx Mar 2011 Company Confidential Slide 13 !   Lots
Wrong Connection to Antenna—Sync on 1 Tx Mar 2011 Company Confidential Slide 13 !   Lots

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

Slide 13

!   Lots of power, no Cell ID !   =>Both Tx swapped   
!   Lots of power,
no Cell ID
!   =>Both Tx swapped
   To Tx without Sync
   One without Sync,
one disconnected
   Disconnect other Tx
to identify
!   Lots of power,
no sweet spot
   Bad antenna
   Large reflector
   Non-Sync Tx
swapped with Sync
Tx from other sector
Wrong Connection to Antenna—Sync on 1 Tx
Wrong Connection to Antenna—Sync on 1 Tx
Wrong Connection to Antenna—Sync on 1 Tx Mar 2011 Company Confidential Slide 14 !   Plenty

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

Slide 14

!   Plenty of power !   High Dominance !   Very high EVM !
!   Plenty of power
!   High Dominance
!   Very high EVM
!   =>Tx without Sync
swapped with another
Tx without Sync
   Disconnect other
transmitters to
identify
!   =>Tx without Sync swapped with another Tx without Sync    Disconnect other transmitters
Wrong Connection to Antenna—Sync on All Tx
Wrong Connection to Antenna—Sync on All Tx
!   Lots of power, no Cell ID    Unlikely    Serious transmitter
!   Lots of power,
no Cell ID
   Unlikely
   Serious transmitter
problem
!   Lots of power,
no sweet spot
   Bad antenna
   Large reflector
   One Tx swapped with
Tx from other sector
"  Sector obvious
"  RS Power Delta
graph for which Tx

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other sector "  Sector obvious "  RS Power Delta graph for which Tx Slide 15 Mar

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

Wrong Connection to Antenna—Sync on All Tx
Wrong Connection to Antenna—Sync on All Tx
Wrong Connection to Antenna—Sync on All Tx Mar 2011 Company Confidential Slide 16 !   Plenty

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

Slide 16

!   Plenty of Power !   High Dominance !   Very high EVM !
!   Plenty of Power
!   High Dominance
!   Very high EVM
!   =>Failed Tx or
strong interference
   Directional antenna
helps eliminate
interference
Very high EVM !   =>Failed Tx or strong interference    Directional antenna helps eliminate
Downlink Coverage Troubleshooting
Downlink Coverage Troubleshooting
!   Complement to Drive Tester !   Allows technician to troubleshoot coverage problems !
!   Complement to Drive Tester
!   Allows technician to troubleshoot coverage problems
!   Supplement data gathered by Drive Tester

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

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to troubleshoot coverage problems !   Supplement data gathered by Drive Tester Mar 2011 Company Confidential
On-Screen Mapping – Save as KML, CSV, JPG New!
On-Screen Mapping – Save as KML, CSV, JPG
New!
On-Screen Mapping – Save as KML, CSV, JPG New! Mar 2011 Company Confidential Slide 18 !

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

Slide 18

!   Similar to SPA Coverage Mapping    Download maps with Map Master 
!   Similar to SPA
Coverage Mapping
   Download maps with
Map Master
   Off-screen data points
still valid
   Thresholds adjustable
   Export to .kml or
tab-delimited
   Helps operator see where
measurements made
!   Included with
LTE OTA options
to .kml or tab-delimited    Helps operator see where measurements made !   Included with
Import Into Google Maps Either Autosave from Scanner or Internal Mapping
Import Into Google Maps
Either Autosave from Scanner or Internal Mapping
Slide 19
Slide 19

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

New LTE Measurements
New LTE Measurements
!   Power vs. Resource Block !   Control Channel Power Table
!   Power vs. Resource Block
!   Control Channel Power Table

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

Slide 20

LTE Measurements !   Power vs. Resource Block !   Control Channel Power Table Mar 2011
Power vs. Resource Block New!
Power vs. Resource Block
New!
Power vs. Resource Block New! !   Power vs. RB    Shows eNodeB activity 
!   Power vs. RB    Shows eNodeB activity    Utilization helpful to
!   Power vs. RB
   Shows eNodeB activity
   Utilization helpful to see traffic
loading, and impact on RF spectrum
!   Guideline    Non—varies with traffic !   Consequences    RF performance
!   Guideline
   Non—varies with traffic
!   Consequences
   RF performance can vary with
traffic
!   Common faults
   Poor RF performance or coverage
can increase loading
"  Simpler modulation
"  More FEC
"  More re-transmissions

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

Slide 21

"  Simpler modulation "  More FEC "  More re-transmissions Mar 2011 Company Confidential Slide 21
Control Channels – Table View New!
Control Channels – Table View
New!
Control Channels – Table View New! !   Same measurements as “Bar Graph” view   
!   Same measurements as “Bar Graph” view    Power/RE: what UEs usually show
!   Same measurements as “Bar
Graph” view
   Power/RE: what UEs usually show
   Total Power: what some eNodeB
configuration tools show

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

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UEs usually show    Total Power: what some eNodeB configuration tools show Mar 2011 Company
Conclusion
Conclusion
!   Tx Test measurement checks MIMO & RRH transmitters !   Coverage Mapping helps
!   Tx Test measurement checks MIMO & RRH transmitters
!   Coverage Mapping helps troubleshoot coverage problems
!   Additional measurements for troubleshooting eNodeB problems

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

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problems !   Additional measurements for troubleshooting eNodeB problems Mar 2011 Company Confidential Slide 23
Q&A
Q&A
Please submit questions using your GoToWebinar control panel
Please submit questions using your
GoToWebinar control panel

June 2011

Slide 24

Q&A Please submit questions using your GoToWebinar control panel June 2011 Slide 24
Thank You For Attending
Thank You For Attending

June 2011

For further information on this webinar, please send e-mail to: andy.standen@anritsu.com eric.hakanson@anritsu.com
For further information on this webinar,
please send e-mail to:
andy.standen@anritsu.com
eric.hakanson@anritsu.com

Slide 25

further information on this webinar, please send e-mail to: andy.standen@anritsu.com eric.hakanson@anritsu.com Slide 25