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FORMULARIO DE FÍSICA (parte I: MECÁNICA)

dr dx dy dz v = = i + j + k dt dt dt
dr
dx
dy
dz
v =
=
i
+
j +
k
dt
dt
dt
dt

ds

v =
v =

v =

ds

dt

dt

Curso 08/09 2 2 2 v = v + v + v x y z
Curso 08/09
2
2
2
v =
v
+ v
+ v
x
y
z

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2 2 2 2 d r d x d y d z a = =
2
2
2
2
d r
d x
d y
d z
a =
=
i +
j
+
k
2
2
2
dt
2 dt
dt
dt
 

2

 

dv

v

a

=

a

+

a

=

+

 

t

n

dt

R

a =

2 2 a + a t n
2
2
a
+ a
t
n

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

v = cte

.

s = s + vt

0

a = cte

.

v = v + at

0

2

v

v

2

0

=

s = s

0

(

2as

+ v t +

0

s

0

)

1

2

at

2

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

s = R

v = R

a = R

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

F

F

roz

= ma

N

p = mv

d p =

dt

F

L = r mv

dL = r F = M
dL =
r F
=
M

dt

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

B W B = F dr ◊ A A
B
W
B =
F dr
A
A

P =

dW F dr ◊ = = F v ◊
dW
F dr
=
=
F v

dt

dt

W A B

B

= F d r =

A

1 2

mv

2 B

1 mv = E

2

2 A

c

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

F

conservativa

W

A

B

=

U

A

F = mg U = mgh

F = gradU

U

B

1

2

mv

2

A A

U

+

=

F = Kx

F (r) =

U =

1

2

dU

dr

1

2

Kx

mv

2

2

B

+

U

B

=

E

C

+

U

=

E

m

(F

roz

NoConserv)

◊

F dr

= 0

=

cte .

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

F Conserv + F NoConserv

W

(

F

)

NoConserv A

B

=

E

m

=

(

E + U + U +

c

1

2

+ U

n

)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

mr

i

i

mr

i

i

r

=

=

c

m

i

M

x =

c

mx i

i

M

r

c

y =

c

= r

G

my

i

i

M

z =

c

mz

i

i

M

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

p

=

p

i p = M v

c

dp

dt

=

F

iexterior

F

iexteriores =

0

p

=

cte.

dp =

dt

Ma

c

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

L

=

L

i

dL

dt

=

M

iexteriores

M

iexteriores =

0

L cte.

=

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

rdm

rdm

=

=

r c

dm

M

xdm ydm

x

c

=

M

y

==

c

M

z

c

=

zdm

M

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

L =

I

I

=

I I

e

=

g

+

mr

i

i

Md

2

2

I

=

2

r dm

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

dL

d ( I

)

=

dt

dt

=

I

=

M

iexterior

E (rotación)

c

=

1

2

I

2

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

x = Acos(wt + )

ma = Kx

a =

K

x

w

=

 

m

 

T

=

2

l g
l
g
 
 

2

T =

2

a

=

w x

 

w

K m
K
m

E

c

=

1

2

2

mv

U =

1

2

Kx

 

T

=

2

I mgd
I
mgd
2 2 v = ± w A x 1 2 2 E = KA m
2
2
v =
± w
A
x
1
2
2 E
=
KA
m
2

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1atm

=

1

=

m

V

=

dm

dV

1

g

3

cm

=

10

3

Kg

3

m

p =

F

S

Pa

= 1

N

m

2

1,013 10 Pa

5

1

Bar

= 10

6

barias

= 10

5

Pa

1

mb

= 10

3

barias

=

760mmHg

=

760Torr

1Kp / cm

dp = gdz

( = cte) p = gz

S 1

p

1

v

+

1

=

S

2

v

2

gh

1

+

v salida

1

2 1

v

2

=

depósito

p

=

Q = S ◊v + gh + 2 2 2 gh
Q = S ◊v
+
gh
+
2
2
2
gh

2

=

9,8 10

1

2 2

v

2

4

=

dF

dS

Pa

1Bar

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

parte II: ELECTROMAGNETISMO Curso 08/09 qq ' F F = k E = 0 2
parte II: ELECTROMAGNETISMO
Curso 08/09
qq '
F
F = k
E =
0
2
r
q'
1
9
k
= =
9
10
12
=
8'85 10
0
0
4
0
dq
dq
dE
=
k
u
dV =
k 0
0
2
r
r
r
Y
[(
) j]
E =
cos
cos
)i
+
(sen
+ sen
1
2
1
2
4
◊ a
0
X
E =
(hilo indefinido)
2
a
0
Q
int
E ds
=
S
0

U

= k

0

qq '

r

U V = q'
U
V
=
q'
q V = k 0 r
q
V =
k 0
r

dV =

k 0

dq

r

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Q C = V S = C 0 0 d 2 1 Q U =
Q
C =
V
S
=
C 0
0
d
2
1 Q
U =
2
C

C =

Q

V V'

C

=

r

C

0

=

r

S

0

d

1

2

2

E = 0 ◊ E

E

=

E = 0 ◊ E

0

E

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------