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Discovery Discovered by Daniel Rutherford in 1772 Greek origin Discovered by burning away oxygen in a bottle leaving behind the

the nitrogen. generally isolated and purified by fractional condensation from air Physical Properties It is a relatively inert gas. It is colorless, odorless and tasteless. Liquid nitrogen is also colorless and odorless, and is similar in appearance to water. There are two allotropic forms of solid nitrogen with a transition between the two forms at -237 C. Density : 1.25*10-3 at 20C Melting point : -210 C Boiling point : -195.8 C Chemical Properties Generally considered non-reactive But is reactive with lithium metal which burns in an atmosphere of N2 to give lithium nitride Diatomic element. Nitrogen= N2 Nitrate=N03 Nitrite=N02 Periodic Trends Non-Metal Group 15 of periodic table The nitrogen family consists of nitrogen, phosphorus, arsenic, antimony and bismuth. Atomic Radius is 65 PM Electronegativity is 3.04 on Pauling Scale Electron Configuration is 1s2 2s2 2p3

Uses for Nitrogen Light Bulbs, Preserving foods, manufacture stainless steel, refilling tires on vehicles, Fertilizers, liquid nitrogen as a coolant. Nitrogen is used to preserve food because the food can not "oxidize". Oxygen is necessary for the decomposition / rotting process. Nitrogen is non reactive and does not support the decomposition so the food will remain in better condition for a longer time

References Turnpike, Sherman. Nitrogen and Phosphorus. Danbury: Grolier Educational System, 1996. 4-11. Print.

NITROGEN Symbol= N Atomic # = 7 Atomic Mass = 14.007