BOEING 747-200 747-300 747-200F

Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Welcome on board of the Commercial Level Simulations B747-200/300/200F booklet. This booklet contains everything needed to fly one of these Boeing 747 Classics, but it also provides you with many other details. For your convenience, we have divided this booklet in the following parts: - Chapter One: Introduction - Chapter Two: Panel Description - Chapter Three: Flight tutorial KBOS-KSFO - Chapter Four: Appendix We hope you are enthusiastic to start flying right away, however we advise you either to print the booklet or start first reading the User’s Manual with general aircraft information and of course, the panel description. This is vital to understand the operation, handling and control in the cockpit as well as some hidden features. Most important, we welcome you on board a special CLS house livery of the Boeing 747-200 GE, during a test flight from KBOS (Boston) to KSFO (San Francisco). The flight duration will be around 4 hours and will give you a good idea of the capabilities of this unique Boeing 747 Classic Series including the INS (Inertial Navigation System). Additional INS information as well as a flow diagram, where to find this unique equipment, will be briefly explained in Chapter One “Introduction”. The flight tutorial is compatible with the CLS B747-200/300/200F Series, since the cockpit panels are the same for all 747 Classic Series models. This flight tutorial uses a combination of flying a SID, waypoints, VOR beacons and a STAR. In other words, it will cover all kinds of possible flight techniques and navigation devices. We assume you have basic knowledge of how navigation systems work, how to power-up the aircraft system and starting the engines. On purpose, we did not use any add-on free- or payware products. You are of course free to use any of those. However, flying online at VATSIM or IVAO could give problems with the whole flight profile as discussed within this tutorial. Finally, we from CLS wish you a lot of fun with the Boeing 747-200/300/200F Classic Series. For your convenience, we included in the download package the FSNavigator file KBOS-KSFO.fsn (flight plan for use within FS2004) and the exported FS2004 CLS KBOS-KSFO.pln file. The exported FS2004 flight plan file (*.pln) can also be used and loaded into FSX and used in combination with the onboard lite FMS or the advanced INS CDU. Preface

On behalf of Commercial Level Simulations, Angelique van Campen

B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen

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Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Disclaimer This manual is not provided from, or endorsed by Boeing Commercial Company, or any airline in any way. Any exact similarities between this manual and Commercial Level Simulations aircraft to actually aircraft, procedures, or airlines carriers are strictly confidential. All copyrights remain the property of their respective owners. The procedures contained within are the Commercial Level Simulations interpretation of generic flight operations. These procedures are not always accurate Preface

in all situations. All diagrams have been either been recreated to mimic actual procedures or scenarios, or remain the copyrights of the respective owners. The purpose of the manual is not to claim ownership of the procedures or diagrams herein, rather, to show flight operations of the Boeing 747-200/300/200F based on available information. This manual is not intended for real world flight. Any aircraft from Commercial Level Simulations is intended as an add-on for Microsoft FS2004 or FSX.

B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen

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Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Preface B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen Version 1. 2009 All rights reserved .30 / March 3.

.......................................................................................................... 9 Unique INS CLS 747 Classic .................................. 1 History.......................................... 2 747-200 – Continuing the Legacy ................................................................................24 / March 3........................ 15 INS Flow Diagram ...... 13 Delco Carousel INS ............................................................................................................................................................... 16 B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen Version 1........................................................................................... 2009 All rights reserved ....................................................................................Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Table of Contents Chapter One Introduction .......... 13 Simplified operation .... 13 Basic Construction........................................The World's First Jumbo Jet ...................................... 3 747-300 – Moving Forward With Significant Changes.......................... 1 747-100 .................................................................................................................................. 3 Terminal Servicing ..................

The massive airplane required construction of the 200-millioncubic-foot 747 assembly plant in Everett. the C-5A. The total wing area was larger than a basketball court. 2009 All rights reserved . Pilots prepared for the 747 at Boeing training school. The incentive for creating the giant 747 came from reductions in airfares. a surge in air-passenger traffic and increasingly crowded skies.". Following the loss of the competition for the gigantic military transport.30 / March 3.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Introduction Introduction History During the late 1960s. The design philosophy behind the 747 was to develop a completely new plane. The cargo hold had room for 3. mechanics. the world's largest building (by volume). The pilot learned how to maneuver from such a height by directing the truck driver below him by radio. the company's chief test pilot. engineers. the tail as tall as a six-story building. B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 1/16 Version 1.the largest civilian airplane in the world -. Boeing set out to develop a large advanced commercial airplane to take advantage of the high bypass engine technology developed for the C-5A.400 pieces of baggage and could be unloaded in seven minutes. The experience of taxiing such a large plane was acquired in a contraption called "Waddell's Wagon. all cargo and a convertible passenger/freighter model.in less than 16 months. Yet. Wash. Pressurized. and other than the engines. The fuselage of the original 747 was 225 feet long. it carried a ton of air.000 Boeing people belonged to a group called "The Incredibles. The pilot sat in a mockup of the 747 flight deck built atop three-storyhigh stilts on a moving truck. The 747's final design was offered in three configurations: all passengers. the designers purposefully avoided using any hardware developed for the C-5. These were the construction workers. The 747 was truly monumental in size." named after Jack Waddell.. the entire global navigation system weighed less than a modern laptop computer. secretaries and administrators who made aviation history by building the 747 -. The freighter and convertible models loaded 8.by 8-foot cargo containers through the huge hinged nose. some 50.

faster and farther non-stop than any 747 model of its time. as many as 550. This model typically was used by airlines on short flights with a high-passenger capacity. engines only were available from Pratt & Whitney. Boeing built two versions of the 747-100 passenger airplane. which had a shortened fuselage and was designed to fly higher. one of which had a higher payload capacity and was known as the -100B. Initially. which had a modified body structure to accommodate a greater number of takeoffs and landings. The 747-100 also was available as a short-range airplane. B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 2/16 Version 1.30 / March 3. 2009 All rights reserved . but by 1975 engines also were available from General Electric and Rolls-Royce. Boeing delivered 250 of the 747-100s. The B747-100 model is not included within the Commercial Level Simulations 747 package.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Introduction 747-100 . the last in 1986. Boeing also built the 747-100SP (special performance).The World's First Jumbo Jet The 747-100 entered commercial service in 1970.

The first 747 Freighter could easily carry 100 tons (90. it was designed to carry more payloads.000 kg) across the Atlantic Ocean or across the United States. Its operating cost was 35 percent less per ton mile than the 707 Freighter. Boeing delivered 81 747-300s in passenger. which still serves as a passenger-only airplane or as a passenger-freighter mix. B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 3/16 Version 1. a combination passenger-freighter and a convertible.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Introduction 747-200 – Continuing the Legacy The 747-200. and was the first to integrate the most significant changes of the 747 Classics. The convertible has a nose cargo door similar to the freighter. combi and short-range configurations. From the beginning. In addition. the 747 was designed to serve as an all-cargo transport. with the option of a large side-cargo door. The first -200 went into commercial service in 1971. With the large side-cargo door on the main deck of the combi. such as higher passenger capacities during the summer and more cargo during the winter. Similar to the convertible is the -200 combi. while having a tough period. These changes included an extended upper deck and improved engines with a reduced fuel burn of 25 percent per passenger. airliners can use it to make better use of their routes during different times of the year. a freighter or a combination of both. Although its external appearance is nearly identical to the 747-100. In addition to being offered as a passenger airplane.30 / March 3. the -200 was the first 747 to be configured as a freighter. which was developed after the 747-100. 747-300 – Moving Forward With Significant Changes The 747-300 entered commercial service in 1983. 2009 All rights reserved . the last in 1991. and Boeing delivered in total 393 aircrafts. The 747 Freighter has a hinged nose to allow cargo loading through front of the airplane. passenger capacity increased 10 percent by extending the upper deck and relocating the new straight stairway to the rear of the upper deck (prior models had a spiral-shaped staircase in the center of the upper deck). This airplane responded to airlines' needs to carry different payloads at different times of the years. the last in 1990. The 747-200 Convertible served as a passenger airplane.

30 / March 3.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Introduction General Dimensions – 747-200/300/200F B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 4/16 Version 1. 2009 All rights reserved .

30 / March 3.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Introduction Ground Clearances – Passenger Configurations Models 747-200B. 2009 All rights reserved 5/16 . -200C and -300 B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen Version 1.

Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Introduction Ground Clearances – Cargo Configurations Models 747-200C and -200F B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 6/16 Version 1.30 / March 3. 2009 All rights reserved .

Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Introduction Cabin Cross Sections – Forward Cabin Model 747 B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 7/16 Version 1. 2009 All rights reserved .30 / March 3.

2009 All rights reserved 8/16 .Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Introduction Cabin Cross Sections – Constant Body Section Model 747 B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen Version 1.30 / March 3.

1 shows typical arrangements of ground support during turnaround.30 / March 3. Passenger loading bridges or p[portable passenger stairs could be used to load or unload passengers. The data presented herein reflect ideal conditions for a single airplane. This section shows service vehicle arrangements. and typical service requirements. Service requirements may vary according to airplane condition and airline procedure. usually within a given time to meet flight schedules. and air-conditioning service vehicles would not be required. certain services must be performed on the aircraft. B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 9/16 Version 1. Section 5.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Introduction Terminal Servicing During turnaround at the terminal. air start. 2009 All rights reserved . locations of service points. schedules. As noted. if the auxiliary power unit (APU) is used the electrical.

Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Introduction Airplane Servicing Arrangement – Passenger Models 747-200B.30 / March 3. -200C and -300 B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 10/16 Version 1. 2009 All rights reserved .

Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Introduction Airplane Servicing Arrangement – Passenger/Cargo Models 747-200B Combi.30 / March 3. 2009 All rights reserved . -300 Combi B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 11/16 Version 1.

30 / March 3. 2009 All rights reserved .Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Introduction Airplane Servicing Arrangement – Cargo Models 747-200F B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 12/16 Version 1.

Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Introduction

Unique INS CLS 747 Classic
Delco Carousel INS Amongst many other features, this CLS 747 Classic Series offers the famous and highly realistic Delco Carousel INS (Inertial Navigation System). Since this highly sophisticated piece of simulated software is one of the two standard navigational systems (the other being the FMS system) integrated into these CLS 747 models, we’ve decided to build this flight tutorial completely around this INS navigation equipment. With that said, we will try to add something unique to this aircraft and thus it’s our turn to explain something of the basic IMU (Inertial Measurement Unit) operation and the INS itself, so please join us. Basic Construction Consider an accelerometer as an instrument that measures acceleration along a single axis. Integrate the output once, and you have velocity. Integrate again, and you have position - or rather, change of position - along the accelerometer's axis. If you know the direction of travel, you can deduce current position. Inertial Navigation is simply a form of dead reckoning. You need to know the starting point - an Inertial Navigation device/system (I.N.) can't find its initial position on the earth (it can find latitude, with difficulty, but not longitude). Take three accelerometers, with their sensing axes orthogonal. Arrange them so that their axes are aligned north south, east west, and vertical. To maintain this orientation when the vehicle maneuvers, the accelerometers are suspended in a set of three gimbals that are gyrostabilized to maintain the direction. Later we will be describing strapdown arrangements, but it always seems easier to explain the principles by starting with the gimbal model. The gyros, similarly, are single axis devices, of a type known as integrating gyros - that is, they give an output proportional to the angle through which they have been rotated (about their input axes). The gyros are used as the sensing elements in null seeking servos, with the output of each gyro connected to a servomotor driving the appropriate gimbals, thus keeping the gimbal in a constant orientation in inertial space.

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Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Integrating gyros also have what is called a `torquer', a means of processing the input axis at a rate proportional to input current. This forms a convenient means of cancelling out any drift errors in the gyro. The gimbals, as shown in the figure, (well, they may be there but they are not identified)have a bearing at each end. Each has a motor, built around one of the bearings, and at the other end a synchro. No matter how the aircraft maneuvers, the innermost gimbal maintains its orientation in inertial space. The synchro on the innermost gimbal thus measures azimuth (or heading), the synchro on the middle gimbal measures pitch, and the outer gimbal measures roll. The innermost gimbal can be thought of as a stable platform on which are mounted the gyros and accelerometers although, in practice, it looks like anything but a platform, being a miracle of mechanical packaging. The whole arrangement is generally called a gimballed platform. Find on your left an example of an Inertial Measuring Unit, which houses not only the gyros, motors, gimbals but also the accelerometers. Introduction

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Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Simplified operation As said before; the INS or actually the IMU 1 is an electro-mechanical device consisting of accelerometers and gyroscopes. The accelerometers are mounted on a gimballed platform in a way that the axes of the devices sensitive to acceleration were mutually perpendicular. At the beginning of the flight, an INS is aligned. The pilots would input the current position of the aircraft into the INS. The INS stores this information and also aligns the gimballed platform to a set attitude with reference to the Earth. The gyroscopes were set up to measure the rotational displacement and velocity of the aircraft about the longitudinal, vertical and lateral axis of the aircraft. Basically what happens is that the gyroscope signals are used to mechanically rotate the gimbaled platform in a direction opposite to what the aircraft is doing. Introduction

Velocity Gyros Attitude Accelero meters Navigation equations Horizontal Position

IMU This maintains the Depth accelerometers in the same attitude relative to the Earth that they were INS – Inertial Navigation Unit established in during the alignment process. Thus, if one accelerometer was aligned East-West, and one North-South, this alignment would be maintained no matter the attitude of the aircraft (not sure if there was a vertical axis accelerometer). The accelerometers would generate signals proportional to the accelerations in the E-W and N-S directions. This acceleration data can be directly integrated once to get velocities in the E-W and N-S directions, and integrated once more to get displacements or navigation data in the E-W and N-S directions.

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Inertial Measuring Unit
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There’s no such story for the FMS CDU in these chapters except for the different CDU pages. Just follow sequentially the flow diagram numbers and you’ll see every corner of the CLS 747 Classic Inertial Navigation System.INS MSU (page 2) .Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual INS Flow Diagram At Commercial Level Simulations we thought it would be a good idea to implement this INS story throughout the several chapters. which should help you to follow and understand the INS implementation in this 747 Classic.INS Flight Plan Loader (pages 12-14) Panel Description Basic description of the FMS CDU (pages 25-31) II Chapter Three Flight Tutorial INS MSU/CDU Initialization (page 22) III Chapter Three Flight Tutorial FAST INS Alignment (page 23-25) IV Chapter Three Flight Tutorial AUTO Flight Plan Loading (page 26-29) Manually entering waypoint (page 30-32) V Chapter Three Flight Tutorial Practical cruise INS CDU Explanation (page 50-59) B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 16/16 Version 1. Let’s look at a flow diagram. 2009 All rights reserved . Introduction START I Chapter Two Chapter Two Panel Description Detailed description and operation of the .INS CDU (pages 7-11) . This means that a kind of guide would help you where to find something but in a logical way. which can be found in the panel description.30 / March 3.

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..................................................................................... 7 CDU (Control Display Unit) .......................... 23 Aircraft Clock and lights.............................................................................................................................................................. 1 Overhead panel ............. 22 Altimeter / RA / EVSI-TCAS / Flight Controls Indicators ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 4 Radio Controls Orientation........................................................................ 40 Fuel Section........................................................................................................................................................................................... 16 Automatic Flight Annunciator panel................................................................. 10 Flight Plan Loader General ...................................................................................... 32 Engine Panel Lights (annunciator) ..................................... 41 Fuel Jettison Section ..................................................................... 34 Kruger......................................................... 36 Flight Engineer Panel..............................................................................30 / March 3................................................................................. 12 Flight Plan Loader Operating Mode AUTO ........................................................................................................................ 5 Lite FMS CDU Configuration..................................................................... 25 Engine Instruments ........................... 37 Electrical and Anti-Ice Section............................ 14 Pedestal ............................................................ 7 INS CDU status RH display................ 2 General Overview.............................................................. 24 Lite FMS CDU .............................................. 39 Miscellaneous Section........... 38 Hydraulic Section........................................................................................................................................................................................... 34 Landing Gear Controls and Indications ............................................................................................. 19 ADI (Attitude Direction Indicator)......................................................................................................... 18 ASI (Indicated Air Speed Indicator) .............................................and Trailing Flap Indicator........................................................................... 15 Automatic Flight Mode Selector Panel (MSP) .......................................................................................................................................................................Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Table of Contents Chapter Two Panel Description........... 33 System Instruments ....................................... 42 B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen Version 1..................................................................................................... 35 System Panel Lights (annunciator) ....... 2009 All rights reserved .................................................................................................................... 20 RMI (Radio Magnetic Indicator)........................................................................................................ 32 General.................................. 2 INS Mode Selector .......................... 6 Inertial Navigation System .......... 13 Flight Plan Loader Operating Mode MANUAL............................................................. 14 Flight Plan Loader Special Operating Mode DME............................................................................. 21 HSI (Horizontal Situation Indicator) ..................................................... 1 Introduction .............................................. 37 Engine Instruments Section ............................................................................... 5 INS CDU Configuration ..

the Boeing 707. ground stations radio signals based. is that the INS has autonomous positioning/navigation capabilities so it is able to provide relatively precise (aircraft. Boeing 747 (not the -400 model). Douglas DC-8. Lockheed L1011.30 / March 3. installed at the overhead panel. B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 1/42 Version 1. These gauges let any Flight Simulator user learn and practice inertial navigation as performed by professional pilots for more than thirty years. 2009 All rights reserved .Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Panel Description Panel Description Introduction The following pages will give you an overview of the different panels and their switches. while steady on ground. Boeing 727. An Inertial Navigation System is a device capable of sensing and measuring any change in its current gravitational environment. The panel includes a replica of the famous Delco Carousel IV-A Inertial Navigation System (INS). Many liners where equipped with this unit. navigation. lights. just to mention the most famous. Douglas DC-10. It also provides navigation capabilities based on a sequence of waypoints (latitude/longitude positions) which is defined by the crew. Not only available for these jets. Autopilot Control In most cases. • INS activation rotary knob.) positions even in those areas where navaids (or even ground visual references) are not present. It allows the pilot(s) to insert. like oceans for example. on real aircraft equipped with multiple INS units. in our case. located on the pilot panels. Y and Z-axis and it is. able to provide position (latitude and longitude) and attitude references. when compared to "traditional". there are also multiple autopilot systems hard-wired to each INS unit as can be seen on the previous page. The implemented INS in our 747 Classic consists of: • Three MSU’s (Mode Selector Unit). selectors. consequently. Once aligned.and to read out data. knobs etc. it’s an easy job to implement it in aircraft like the DC-9 or the B737 or even on executive class jets. are explained in depth on the next pages for FMS and INS equipped aircraft. Specific instruments. mounted on the Auto Pilot control panel. it measures and quantifies any acceleration in X. As the default Microsoft Flight Simulator provides only one autopilot system. The unique and huge advantage an INS provides. we introduced therefore only one INS CDU with dummies although each CDU can offer different data. • Three CDU’s (Control Display Unit) situated at the pedestal/radio control panel.

A-II and A-III or not operative when using FMS.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Panel Description Overhead panel General Overview A-I A-II A-III B C D E F G A-I A-II A-III B C D E F G H J K H J K MSU 1 (INS Mode Selector Unit) MSU 3 MSU 2 Guarded Flight Control Hydraulic Power switches Guarded UPPER/LOWER YAW DAMPER switches Guarded ANTI-SKID switch Guarded LH/RH ALTERNATE GEAR EXTEND switches AUTO BRAKE Selector switch STORM light switch MAIN PANEL background light switch Captain’s and Co-Pilots main instrument background illumination switching. B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 2/42 Version 1.30 / March 3. 2009 All rights reserved . LH/RH OUTBOARD wing mounted landing light switches LH/RH INBOARD wing mounted landing light switches Note: Items A-I.

are not selectable or modeled. indicators and fire handles. knobs. guarded switches. B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen Version 1. lights. which not discussed here.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Panel Description T U V W L L M N O P Q R S T U V W X M N O P Q R S RUNWAY TURNOFF light switches NO SMOKING/FASTEN SEAT BELTS switches NAV light switch BEACON light switch WING light switch STROBE light switch LOGO light switch Cockpit DOME light selector NACELLE ANTI-ICE switches with separate VALVE OPEN light Guarded EMERGENCY light switch WING ANTI-ICE switch with separate VALVE OPEN light LH/RH PROBE HEATERS switches with indicator Closes the overhead panel Note: All the other switches.30 / March 3. selectors. 2009 All rights reserved 3/42 .

2009 All rights reserved B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 4/42 . C BAT INS bulb unit This light warns when there is insufficient battery voltage to power the INS. STBY Turns the INS power ON and allows data insertion in the CDU. the READY NAV light extinguishes. and the API has reached value 5.Drag sideways between the positions ALIGN and NAV . release it. During alignment a battery test will be performed when API 1 8 is reached.30 / March 3. if API is at least 5 while the READY NAV light on the MSU will illuminate. It is indicated by the INS BAT light illumination. NAV Selects the Navigation mode and Mode Index 4. load your ramp coordinates and then rotate it back to ALIGN. NAV position must be selected before moving the airplane.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Panel Description Overhead panel INS Mode Selector B A-I A-I A-II A-III C Mode Selector Knob positions: OFF Turns the INS electrical power OFF. the INS will be automatically shutdown 1 Accuracy Performance Index Version 1. A-II Moving the Mode Selector knob: . the READY NAV light illuminates to indicate the INS is ready and alignment is complete. The INS provides attitude outputs/information only.Drag sideways between the positions NAV and ATT A-III INS Fast Alignment (± 2 minutes) Turn the mode selector switch directly from OFF to NAV. In this case.Drag UP and sideways between the positions STBY and ALIGN . From API 5 the alignment will continue down to API 0. ATT Selects the Attitude Mode. B READY NAV bulb unit With the selector knob in the ALIGN position. After selected the NAV position. ALIGN Starts automatic INS alignment.Drag sideways between the positions OFF and STBY .

This flight tutorial offers you a detailed description and operation. B ADF (Automatic Direction Finding) C AUDIO Control panel D-I Integrated COM 1/VHF NAV 1 panel The LH side of the control panel allows you to select a NAV frequency for navigation while the RH side – COM – is used for communication frequencies. 2009 All rights reserved . the white TCAS OFF message disappears on the Electronic VSI (Vertical Speed Indicator) B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 5/42 Version 1. D-II Integrated COM 2/VHF NAV 2 panel E ATC Transponder with TCAS selector With the TCAS selector set ON (TCAS position).Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Panel Description Radio Controls Orientation Lite FMS CDU Configuration A C D-I D-II E B A CLS lite FMS CDU (Flight Management System / Control Display Unit) Click screen are to enlarge FMS CDU.30 / March 3.

Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Panel Description Radio Control Panel INS CDU Configuration F E A-I A-II B-I B-II C D A-III A-I INS CDU 1 (Inertial Navigation System / Control Display Unit) Detailed panel description and operation can be found on the next page A-II INS CDU 2 A-III INS CDU 3 B-I Integrated COM 1/VHF NAV 1 panel The LH side of the control panel allows you to select a NAV frequency for navigation while the RH side – COM – is used for communication frequencies. B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 6/42 Version 1. B-II Integrated COM 2/VHF NAV 2 panel C ADF (Automatic Direction Finding) D ATC Transponder with TCAS selector With the TCAS selector set ON (TCAS position). the white TCAS OFF message disappears on the Electronic VSI (Vertical Speed Indicator) E AUDIO Control panel F INS Flight Plan Loader Found detailed description and operation on page 12. 2009 All rights reserved .30 / March 3.

shows waypoint ID being displayed on data displays. with the data selector in WYPT position. shows the selected waypoint is involved in the leg currently being shown.a flashing number in the TO side of the display defines the DME station designed for DME updating. REMOTE Key Illuminates when pushed. Waypoint/DME Switch (next) Selects next waypoint or DME station number to be loaded or displayed. LH and RH Data Display Shows data according to selected Data Selector (M-II) position.two non flashing numbers are the waypoints defining the current navigation leg.30 / March 3.a single non flashing number in the FROM side of the display with the data selector in WYPT position.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Panel Description Inertial Navigation System CDU (Control Display Unit) E-I F E-I D C B-I B-II A INS CDU A B-I B-II C D E-I F FROM / TO Display A two digit display where you’re able to insert / read waypoints and DME ID numbers: . B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 7/42 Version 1. INSERT Key Inserts the loaded data into the simulated Navigation Unit (NU). It freezes displayed PP (Present Position) and inertial position.a single flashing number in the FROM side of the display. . 2009 All rights reserved . . It is illuminated while data is being set by the CDU keyboard and goes out when pushed to insert it. . allowing a manual update to be performed. It allows simultaneous loading and insertion of a waypoint and DME coordinates. Waypoint/DME Switch (previous) Selects previous waypoint or DME station number to be loaded or displayed. HOLD Key Illuminates when pushed.

K CLEAR Key Used to cancel a data loading operation prior INSERT switch/light pushing. H WARN Light Illuminates when INS detects an abnormal condition. N-I AUTO/MAN Switch Selects automatic leg switching by the INS or manual leg switching by the pilot. N-II TEST Switch If pushed. a test of MSU-. I BAT Light Illuminates during alignment at API 8 for about 15 seconds indicating the battery test is in progress. It allows numbers selection in FROM-TO display using the CDU keyboard. With the AUTO/MAN selector in AUTO. It flashes. CDU lights and CDU displays is made. (only the pushbutton lights and digital windows of the CDU are shown) INS CDU Light Test B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 8/42 Version 1. L WYPT CHG Key Illuminates if pushed. J Keypad Consists of 10 keys to load data into data displays and FROM-TO display.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Op erations Manual Panel Description G H I J INS CDU N-I N-II G L J K ALERT Light Illuminates two minutes before airplane reaches TO waypoint. the light extinguishes as leg switching occurs. 2009 All rights reserved . with AUTO/MAN selector in MAN. Illuminates also when INS is operating on battery power. when the TO waypoint has been reached and passed.30 / March 3.

Operation mode. Inertial position is indicated if HOLD switch is pressed. DIS/TIME Distance present position to: . System STATUS . . If TAS < 115 knots or GS < 75 knots.displayed TO waypoint . . HDG/DA XTK/TKE POS Aircraft Heading X-Track distance in NM’s left (L) or right right (R) of the track. Value is based on present GS. DSRTK/STS B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 9/42 Version 1.Action and malfunction codes.30 / March 3. WYPT Track Angle East (E) / West (W) longitude Waypoint 0 before a manual track leg change has been performed. M-II LH display (E-I) Selector position TK/GS Present Track Angle Ground Speed RH display (E-I) When the HOLD switch is pressed. Desired Track Angle.between two waypoints Time from present position to the displayed waypoint or station.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Panel Description M-II DATA Selector Selects what data is to be displayed on the LH and RH (E-I) displays. If the HOLD switch is pressed.any VOR/DME station . . 2009 All rights reserved . the program ID is displayed.Actual Performance Index (API). the Along Track Acceleration (ATA) will be indicated in the LH display.System Mode Index (MI). POS is used to insert ramp and position updating coordinates. North (N) / South (S) latitude Drift Angle Angle is 0° if GS is < 75 knots Track Angle error left (L) or right (R) of the desired track angle. both displays (E-I) will be blank. East (E) / West (W) longitude If the HOLD switch is pressed the displays are frozen. indicates the ramp position. WIND Wind direction.

nd rd 006 95 INS CDU RH display – 4th digit . With the TEST button. Panel Description 006 95 INS CDU RH display – 1st digit .Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual INS CDU status RH display Call up the INS CDU INS unit status is displayed on the right display when the Data Selector knob is placed in the DSRTK/STS position.4 digit – Always blank (no function). malfunction codes have higher values. codes belonging to a warning condition will be automatically cleared. Action codes are identified by small numbers (1 to 8).1 is in NAV mode.0 is not currently in NAV mode when for example in STBY or ALIGN status. th B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 10/42 Version 1. The digit can assume two different values: . .1st digit – NAV Mode indicator. codes related to error conditions will not be cleared. 2009 All rights reserved .30 / March 3. No indication available (blank) is there is no action/malfunction code(s). One the end of the sequence of codes have been reached. we can scroll through the codes. 006 95 INS CDU RH display – 2nd and 3rd digit .2 and 3 digit – Action/Malfunction Codes.

5th digit – PI / AI indicator.6 digit – Desired PI or Requested PI It stays fixed at 5 during aligment. It is always starting as a 9 and decreasing towards a 0. 5 . 2009 All rights reserved .30 / March 3. th B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 11/42 Version 1.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Panel Description Call up INS CDU (con’t) 006 95 INS CDU RH display – 5th digit . which means that DME update is active. At PI 5 or lower.5NM of error. the value 6 corresponds to 0. If the NAV mode is selected.not applicable for this configuration. it can get the following values: 4 . In NAV mode. During the aligment phase the 5th digit is called Performance Index (PI) representing the current INS aligment mode. the NAV mode selection is allowed.INS unit is operating in “aided inertial mode”. 006 95 INS CDU RH display – 6th digit . this digit becomes the Accuracy Index (AI) providing an indication of the position error the unit should have statistically accumulated at the present stage. For instance.

.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Panel Description Inertial Navigation System Flight Plan Loader General This gauge simulates a computer that helps the pilot load the different waypoints of the current FS flight plan into the CDU units. it’s very important to understand how each of its two principal modes – AUTO and MAN – works.shows the range of INS waypoints that contains this data.. MAN selection allows the user manually control the inserted flight plan waypoints..it means no flight plan is active! The DISP/RST (Display/Reset) button is used to show waypoints data in both windows when AUTO mode is active.with the MODE switch in MAN . The LH rotary knob is used in combination with the F PLAN WPTS window and the RH one with the INS WPTS window provided the MODE switch is in the MAN position... which offers the positions AUTO and MAN(UAL) Normally it remains guarded to prevent undesired changes. and to reset the selected data to previous info when in MAN mode. and also starts the loading process itself. A B C E D B A B C D E Guarded MODE switch.shows the range of flight plan waypoints that were loaded last. If the window shows .. 2009 All rights reserved B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 12/42 .30 / March 3.it means no flight plan is active! INS WPTS window This window . Even its functioning is rather simple. F PLAN WPTS window This window . If the window shows .with the MODE switch in MAN . More information is available on the next page as well as detailed hands-on training during our flight from Boston to San Francisco. it is in the AUTO position (guard closed) and AUTO displays in both windows. This and more will be explained in the following pages. The green SEL switch enables the MAN selection of waypoints to be loaded into INS system. as part of a hands-on training during our flight from KBOS to KSFO. Version 1. By default. It has been designed to suit the general aspect of the other gauges present in the pedestal.

The next and successive auto loadings will occur in groups of 5 waypoints until reaching the end of the flight plan. Now the next load will happen when flying INS waypoints 3 (FROM) to 4 (TO). Therefore. SEL light will go off and both status windows will show AUTO. . For example. the first INS slot to be loaded will be the second following TO slot. . meaning the computer is working in AUTO mode. as well as SEL button light remains off while not in loading process. after the first auto load (01 to 09 into 1 to 9) the following will happen while flying between INS waypoints 7 (FROM) to 8 (TO). it will automatically load the first 9 waypoints (or the complete range if exist less than 9) into the 9 INS slots. . So left status display will show 10 14 and right 1 5. . if right display shows 4 8 and a 0-7 change is commanded. . ending at the previous since FROM slot.It is recommended that coordinates loaded into INS slots be checked against FS flight plan data right after each auto load. It won’t affect the info in both status display windows because what is shown here is the latest range auto loaded. operation of both rotary selectors is inhibited. For example. AUTO load will occur only when the INS unit on active navigation has its CDU status selector in AUTO mode.As soon as an IFR FS flight plan is detected. and the slots to fill will be 1 2 3 4 5.At any time a slot can be manually loaded with different coordinates using the CDU keyboard. Besides. although it could be manually changed afterwards. Then left status display will show 15 19 and right 6 1.As soon as the process is completed.To show the range of waypoints that were last loaded. and the slots to fill 6 7 8 9 1.Placing the MODE Selector switch in MAN at any time will prevent the auto loading process. press and hold the DISP/RST button. .While waypoints are loaded (takes 1 second each) SEL switch’s green light will flash. status display’s left window will show the current range being loaded – for example 01 to 09 – and the right window will show the actual INS slots where waypoints’ data is being loaded (like 1 to 9).Making a 0-n change to fly direct a certain waypoint will initiate an auto load as long as the n waypoint is one less than the rightmost displayed on the INS status display window. the auto load will proceed. to ensure the correct info has been inserted. .30 / March 3. . and when selected: . . Panel Description B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 13/42 Version 1. 2009 All rights reserved .Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight Plan Loader Operating Mode AUTO AUTO mode is the default mode. manual change of coordinates in a slot should be done with care and in exceptional situations.In this mode.

and will stop when it’s completed. green light will flash. reminding the pilot that DME mode is active. It is not possible to select a reversed range of waypoints (for example.When a FS flight plan that is IFR and VOR to VOR mode is loaded. and counterclockwise the INS display’s left digit.Load a DME flight plan first and then load the flight plan that is going to be flown.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight Plan Loader Operating Mode MANUAL MAN mode is available by selection. to reverse flying the flight plan).A range of 1 to 9 waypoints can be selected for insert into INS computer. . While loading is in process. Check/Edit/Modify this plan manually as to let it include the most significant VORs to be used as DME updaters during the flight (remember up to 9 slots are supported). . This procedure goes as follows: . . Green light will flash while this happens. left display will show 01 09 or 01 and the last waypoint number if the flight plan has less than 9 waypoints. Pressing SEL switch once will hold it down and green light will turn on steady. . When a FS flight plan is first loaded. . ignoring the rest. It’s only possible to insert a range of waypoints that coincides with the range of slots selected.The INS computer will load only waypoints that are classified as VOR or ILS. To cancel the current selection without making changes. This action will release the SEL switch . Flight Plan Loader Special Operating Mode DME DME mode is an automatic mode that enables the loading of DME waypoints into the proper INS slots.This mode must be operated with care to prevent overloading any of the active FROM TO waypoints. and right display will show 1 9 or 1 and the last filled slot.In this mode all switches/selectors are inhibited. There is no auto or manual chance to update the DME slots with this computer while in flight. press the DISP/RST button.and also display back the previous selection in both status display windows. pressing SEL switch will make it release and the loading process begin. first define a “standard” IFR flight plan that is not VOR to VOR. Rotating the right selector clockwise moves the INS display’s right digit. FS flight plan waypoints to insert can be selected by rotating the left rotary selector in any direction. Panel Description B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 14/42 Version 1. and when selected: .turning green light off.Once the proper range of waypoints has been selected. .30 / March 3.To build a DME flight plan. These values will keep showing after the process is completed. left status display window will show 01 09 (or less) and right status display window will show DME. and or losing control of what has been actually inserted into the INS system. .Left status display window shows the latest FS flightplan’s waypoints loaded into the INS computer. enabling the rotary selectors to work. Some tips for a proper operation of this computer and then in particular to the DME mode: . .Always check that accurate DME data has been inserted into the proper INS DME slots. Save this one and then make a new one using the same info but changing the mode into VOR to VOR. 2009 All rights reserved . and right status display window shows the INS slots where the data was inserted. the INS flight plan computer considers it as a DME flight plan and will load up to 9 of its waypoints into the 9 slots available for DME data.Turning Mode switch to AUTO at any time will resume auto load and the process will happen next when TO waypoint in INS CDU is one less than the rightmost displayed on the INS status display window.

located at the pilot panels. B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 15/42 Version 1. 2009 All rights reserved . the light (C-II) illuminates as well as a yellow PARKING BRAKE light on the annunciator panel. N2 (CORE engine) RPM indicators. FLAP handle. Positions the Kruger. one for each individual engine. Horizontal Stabilizer TRIM handles.and Trailing Edge Flaps. the green ARM legend illuminates and the speed brake handle is placed in the ARMED position. SPEED BRAKE DEPLOYED – Illuminates when spoiler(s) deployed. FUEL SHUTOFF levers. Engine start switches.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Panel Description Pedestal A-III A-IV E D-I A-I A-II B-I F G B-II B-II C-I A-I A-II A-III A-IV B-I B-II C-I C-II D-I D-II D-III E F G C-II D-III D-II When button/ARM light unit is depressed. PARKING BRAKE light illuminated when lever is SET. TOGA (TakeOff Go Around) light and switch unit. When the lever is SET.30 / March 3. Throttle levers. Speed brake handle SPEED BRAKE ARMED – Illuminates as under condition A-I. located at one of the pilots instrument panels. Horizontal Stabilizer TRIM pointers PARKING BRAKE lever.

must be done as follows: . B-I Auto Throttle lever must be ON for the Auto Pilot (AP) in IAS. Displays the desired HDG. E-II HDG HOLD command window. To function. Mach and N1 Speed control. A-I B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 16/42 Version 1. B-III IAS/Mach SPD selector knob. the A/T lever (B-I) must be in the ON position.ENGAGED . Positive engagement is shown in the Flight Mode Annunciator RH window. B-II IAS/Mach SPD selection window. B-I B-II B-III C D-I D-II F Panel Description A-I Automatic Flight Mode Selector Panel .Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight instruments Automatic Flight Mode Selector Panel (MSP) The Automatic Flight Mode Selector Panel gives the pilot the ability to control the aircraft in the CMD Mode. To engage the HDG HOLD command. The switch has three positions: UP – IAS mode engaged MIDDLE – No mode engaged DOWN – Mach mode engaged C AP Channel A and B CMD (command) mode.Part I B-IV E-I E-II G Turns the Flight Director (FD) ON or OFF. It will display either the desired IAS or Mach value depending upon which mode is selected.is shown by the middle of the Flight Mode Annunciator. Note: When you’ve selected an FMS equipped aircraft.Set selector F in the GPS mode and . This commands the Auto Throttle to hold the Indicated Airspeed as set in the IAS/Mach speed selector window or it holds a specific Mach speed. The desired heading (HDG) can be adjusted by clicking the outside edges of this knob. When set to ON.30 / March 3.Set selector G in the NAV mode. roll and thrust via the control panel. The status of the AP . set item G to HDG position. This means that he/she controls pitch. the Flight Mode Annunciator shows in the respective F/D window ENGAGED. D-I VOR 1 (NAV 1) CRS (course) selector knob. D-II VOR 1 CRS selection window E-I HDG selector knob. B-IV IAS/MACH selector. flying an MSFS flight plan or a flight plan created from another source. 2009 All rights reserved .

H-I VOR 2 (NAV 2) Course selector knob H-II VOR 2 Course selection window J-I(A) Vertical Speed (VS) Adjustment wheel. It commands the AP to hold the altitude selected in the ALT selection window. NAV mode allows you to follow a flight plan. an active loaded INS flight plan will be connected to the aircraft’s Auto Pilot. This is also confirmed via the A/P NAV HOLD text on the FMA. Allows you navigate with either NAV system or to use the onboard GPS. J-II Selected V/S window K-I Altitude selector knob. It displays the selected altitude K-III ALT HOLD command button. B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen Version 1. Important to keep in mind that there’s absolutely a need to click the word INS on the panel itself to active this. APR selection will capture and fly an ILS approach if the proper frequency is tuned into NAV 1 radio and finally the BC selects a Back Course approach to the ILS localizer. Not only J-I(A). but J-I(B) and J-I(C) represent the possible thumbwheel positions. NAV. L With this INS-HDG-VOR-APR-BC selector in the INS position. Here you can adjust the desired altitude. G Allows you to select HDG. APR (approach) or BC (Back Course). This will adjust the vertical in which the aircraft will fly when the ALT HOLD is engaged. the FMS CDU is only offering flight information. K-II Altitude selection window. 2009 All rights reserved 17/42 .Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Panel Description F H-II J-I(A) J-II Automatic Flight Mode Selector Panel .Part II FMS configuration G H-I K-I K-II K-III INS configuration L F J-I(B) J-I(C) NAV 1 – GPS – NAV 2 selector knob. The Vertical Speed is indicated by the double blue bug on the VS/TCAS indicator.30 / March 3. When flying with a FMS equipped aircraft. you’re not able to connect the FMS to the AP! This means. which is confirmed via the A/P FMA window. Selecting HDG activates the HDG HOLD mode.

LOC and GS are sub modes. you will find the Automatic Flight Annunciator.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Panel Description Flight instruments Automatic Flight Annunciator panel On both instrument panels. Auto Pilot (A/P) and Auto Throttle (A/T). the F/D ENGAGED legend illuminates. while NAV or INS LOCK represent the same for single L NAV modes. Flight Director (F/D) Indicates the armed and capture modes of the Flight Director. depending on others. Auto Pilot (A/P) When the AP channel A and B are engaged in the COMMAND mode it depends on the sub modes. ENGAGED ENGAGED ALT HLD ENGAGED MACH HLD INS LOCK typical example of INS equipped annunciation F/D ENGAGED VOR LOC GS A/P ENGAGED ALT HLD HDG HLD NAV LOCK APR HLD FMS configuration A/T ENGAGED SPD HLD MACH HLD BC HLD ENGAGED = LOC GS ENGAGED ALT HLD HDG HLD INS LOCK APR HLD ENGAGED SPD HLD MACH HLD BC HLD INS configuration the light green (=) and (INS LOCK) are related to the INS equipped aircraft configuration B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 18/42 Version 1. It is located to the right of each ADI. APR. heading and approach. VOR. as can be seen on the screenshot. Auto Throttle (A/T) When you engage the single AT lever it allows you to ARM either the SPD or MACH mode. A special non normal mode is the BC (Back Course). It should be obvious that the LOC (localizer) and GS (Glide Slope) are connected to an ILS frequency and the A/P selected mode.30 / March 3. This light unit provides the crew with the actual status of the Flight Director (F/D). Valid HOLD modes are altitude. 2009 All rights reserved . When the FD switch is ON.

2009 All rights reserved .Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Panel Description Flight Instruments ASI (Indicated Air Speed Indicator) D H D F E A J G B C G G G A B C D E F G H J OVERSPEED barber pole needle. Speed bug indicates selected speed in the AP's IAS/Mach speed selector window Mach command indicator. Adjust the first white speed slider (item F). Speed bugs. How to set the speed bugs in correspondence with the actual speeds will be explained during the flight tutorial preparations. this shows the current Indicated Airspeed. Current IAS display window. B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 19/42 Version 1. This is the "do not exceed" airspeed for the aircraft. Speed needle. M(ach) symbol in view when Mach selected on Auto Flight panel. Presets the amber speed bug and modifies automatically the SPEED window value on the Auto Flight panel.30 / March 3. displays when Mach hold is selected on the AP.

Belonging to the slip indicator. Aircraft reference indicator. Flight Director (FD) PITCH bar. is the turn and slip indicator ball. Displayed when the speed reference bug is inoperative. On the bottom of the ADI the slip indicator can be found. In view when the Flight Director (FD) is switched OFF or inoperative. Displayed when there is no GS signal or the GS is inoperative. Represents the bank angle indicator. Flight Director (FD) ROLL bar. Glide Slope indicator. shows if the aircraft is above or below the GS.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Panel Description Flight Instruments ADI (Attitude Direction Indicator) A-III A-I B A-II A-IV C K F G H E J D A-I A-II A-III A-IV B C D E F G H J K ATT flag FD flag ASI INOP flag GLIDE SLOPE flag Appears when the ADI is inoperative. 2009 All rights reserved .30 / March 3. Speed reference indicator: Shows if the aircraft speed is above or below the ATS selected speed. Altitude alert indicator B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 20/42 Version 1.

Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Panel Description Flight Instruments RMI (Radio Magnetic Indicator) C-I C-II E-II E-I D-I D-II A B F INS Configuration A A B DME 2 distance window for VOR1 station If no data is received or the wrong VHF VOR frequency is set. F INS DME Update Flags. dashes are shown. to improve accuracy INS is using DME data.30 / March 3. 2009 All rights reserved B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 21/42 . C-II Red VOR2 flag indicating not valid signal received or no correct frequency selected. depending upon selection D-II. E-II Magnetic Heading indicator for VOR2 or ADF2. C-I Red VOR1 flag indicating not valid signal received or no correct frequency selected. 2 DME – Distance Measuring Equipment Version 1. E-I Magnetic Heading indicator for VOR1 or ADF1. depending upon selection D-I. D-I Selector switch for either VOR1 or ADF1 D-II Selector switch for either VOR2 or ADF2. B DME distance window for VOR2 station. Illuminates green when added inertial navigation is operating.

Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Panel Description

Flight Instruments
HSI (Horizontal Situation Indicator)

A

H

B

J

F-I D

M

N

C F-II

INS Configuration

O A B C D E F-I F-II G H J K L

K

E

L

G

VOR/LOC flag is displayed when the signal is lost or the HSI is inoperable. Current Heading readout. GS (glide slope) flag is displayed when GS signal is lost. Heading bug, this is set thru the AP or the Heading Bug Knob (G) on the HSI. Heading Bug Knob. TO/FROM inoperable flags, displayed when the VOR signal is lost. TO/FROM indicators. Course Set Knob. VOR1 DME Ground Speed readout. Glideslope indicator. Course Deviation Indicator (CDI).

The following items are only applicable when selected an INS aircraft configuration. M Calculated total or individual distance according to the INS CDU. N HSI rose no longer operative when in INS mode. O Calculated total or individual distance according to the INS CDU.

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Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Panel Description

Flight Instruments
Altimeter / RA / EVSI-TCAS / Flight Controls Indicators D R O S
ALTITUDE ALERT

E A B C P G F H N J Q

K M L Barometric Altimeter A Display window shows actual barometric altitude. B The needle indicated the current altitude. C Kohlsman setting in millibars (mBar). D Kohlsman setting in Inches of mercury (Hg). E Bug indicating actual setting. EIVS / TCAS (Vertical Speed / Traffic Collision Alerting System) F Actual aircraft vertical speed needle. G Preset VS (double blue bugs), entered via the AUTOPILOT control panel. H TCAS function. Flight Control Surface Position J LH Aileron K RH Aileron L Elevator M Horizontal Stabilizer Trim N UPPER and LOWER Rudder. Vertical Radio Altimeter (RA) O ON legend meaning the RA is active (below or equal to 2500 feet) P Selector knob for entering MDA 3 or DH 4 Q Selected MDA or DH R ALTITUDE ALERT message when approaching selected or leaving initial altitude S Outer, Middle and Inner Marker beacon.
3 4

MDA – Minimum Descent Altitude DH – Decision Height Version 1.30 / March 3, 2009 All rights reserved

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Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Panel Description

Flight Instruments
Aircraft Clock and lights G H

A C
Aircraft clock only available on the First Officer’s Instrument panel

B

D

Shown light units are from the Captains Instrument panel and glareshield

E

F

Aircraft Clock A Default operational analog MSFS clock B Stopwatch function: 1st click starts the stopwatch and a 2nd click stops the pointer (D). C Reset of stopwatch A click will reset the pointer (D) to the 12 o’clock position. D Stopwatch pointer. Light Units E GPWS (Ground Proximity Warning System) visual and aural activation in case one of the GPWS conditions arise F GLIDE SLOPE illumination in case you’re above or below the glide slope signal. G MASTER CAUTION Illuminates under certain conditions and indicating there’s a system or instrument fault. H MASTER WARNING Illuminates under certain conditions and indicating there’s a system or instrument fault. For example when you’ve got an OVERSPEED or STALL condition.

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Note: the following FMS CDU pages are just offering you some background information of the available CDU pages while certain pages are self-explaining. CDU pages are based on particular flight plan data and therefore could be different then your CDU information. It simply didn’t exist in those days and because we’ve simulated/programmed an INS CDU. REF which are not modeled. For many reasons. Further more it’s important to know that the offered FMS can’t and will not control the aircrafts Auto Pilot. How When you decide to fly with a FMS equipped aircraft. One last word about the menu keys. you need to use the performance tables. Those tables are added into the Operations Manual and available during the 74-200/300 installation process. you will see that the flight tutorial offers an INS equipped aircraft. you load a prepared flight plan via the MSFS Flight Planner menu. The offered pages are just for your information and used as reference only. but it doesn’t fly the aircraft! One huge advantage of the FMS is the automatic calculation of your takeoff and approach (landing) speeds. The FMS CDU offers you than all the necessary flight information like navigation data (beacons) and aircraft performances like takeoff and approach data. the upper NAV selector in GPS and the lower one in NAV.MODE. WX. This feature is not available when flying with an INS equipped aircraft. Ok. 2009 All rights reserved .Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Panel Description Flight Instruments Lite FMS CDU These pages will cover some of the lite FMS CDU (Flight Management System Control Display Unit).30 / March 3. it is an integral part of the cockpit preparation and for in flight use otherwise the INS CDU is used. In that case. Flying this flight plan is than done by positioning on the Automatic Flight Mode Selector Panel. let’s go and see what the CDU pages offer. MENU keys LSK (Line Select Keys) Alphanumeric keyboard B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 25/42 Version 1. which is as real as possible. If you selected an aircraft configuration with FMS. This is done because the original 747-200/300 models didn’t had a FMS. most of them gives you direct access to the relevant page except for the following keys .

simulated AIRAC numbers and others. found on LSK 4L and 4R). You’re not able to enter any data via the scratchpad.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Panel Description STATUS page .Data like FROM/TO and CRZ ALT is retrieved from the loaded flight plan.Click LSK 3L <INIT or use the INIT keyboard pushbutton. INIT page . navigation data.30 / March 3. 2009 All rights reserved B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 26/42 . engine rating in 1000x of Thrust.Click LSK 2L <STATUS . .The STATUS page offers only static information like the aircraft model.It provides you with actual LAT and LONG 5 position data. . 5 Latitude and Longitude Version 1.

Click LSK 5L < RAD NAV or use the RAD NAV keyboard pushbutton.Click LSK 4L < TO/APPR or use the TOFF APR keyboard pushbutton. .Via LSK 6R APPROACH> you can do the same for the approach or landing speeds. B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 27/42 Version 1. COM1/2.Note the values of found directly below: V1 … knots VR … knots V2 … knots Use and enter these into the IAS indicator.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Panel Description TAKEOFF page . .30 / March 3. 2009 All rights reserved . .This page offers frequencies like NAV1/2.Click LSK 1L < CALC/SET T/O V SPEEDS . You can’t enter any data via the scratchpad but this needs to be done via the radio panel. RAD NAV page . ADF and the squawk code.

This page shows you environmental information like wind.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Panel Description DATA page .Via LSK 6R FUEL PRED> the FMS made some predictions based on your loaded flight plan. OAT. groundspeed. 2009 All rights reserved . barometric pressure.30 / March 3. UTC or Zulu time and others. . .Click LSK 4R PROG> or use the PROG keyboard pushbutton. This data is actual and constantly updated in relation to the environmental conditions as well as user changes. You can’t enter any data via the scratchpad. B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 28/42 Version 1.Click LSK 2R DATABASE> or use the DATA keyboard pushbutton. FUEL PREDICTION page .

2009 All rights reserved . Retrieving this can be done as follows: .This page offers for example for the GDM VOR station (Gardner . also waypoint information along the route is stored in the FMS CDU. WAYPOINT page Not only distance and time information is available.110. This page shows TIME/TRK.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Panel Description FLIGHT PLAN page A .Click LSK3R FLT PLAN > or use the F_PLN keyboard pushbutton.To return to the FLT PLN page. . .60) data like latitude/longitude information. distance to waypoint and distance to destination. just click the LSK 6R RETURN> B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 29/42 Version 1.30 / March 3.Click LSK 4L (GDM) .Allows you to check your flight plan in relation to the waypoints.

2009 All rights reserved .Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Panel Description FLIGHT PLAN page B (con’t) .Click keyboard key DIR TO. we can switch to the DIST/FREQ page and visa versa.With the PAGE menu keys. This allows you to fly directly to another waypoint but only those. DIR TO page .30 / March 3. it’s automatically replaced by the flight plan DIR TO page. which are in the active flight plan. . B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 30/42 Version 1.Irrespective of the present CDU page. Let’s go for an example.

.Click the LSK you want to fly directly. B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 31/42 Version 1. Here it’s LSK 4L GDM.This will change the flight plan and it now flies directly to waypoint GDM. click LSK 1L. . .Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Panel Description DIR TO page (con’t) .30 / March 3.This waypoint will be transferred to LSK 1L. 2009 All rights reserved .To activate and confirm.

G FF (Fuel Flow) vertical tape indicator. B-II Digital value set by the EPR manual selector. F N2 indicator. J-II Typical Engine Thrust Reversers fully deployed and ready for use. Indicates the % of RPM of the Low Pressure Compressor (LPC) of all the four engines on a vertical scale. C Typical identification of a vertical tape of all the four engines. 2009 All rights reserved . J-I Typical Engine Thrust Reversers stowed and locked. H White vertical tape shows typical actual N1. B-I Manual EPR selector. Exhaust Gas Temperature indicator shows the temperature of exhaust gases downstream of the High Pressure Turbine (HPT). E EGT indicator. before entering the Low Pressure Turbine (LPT) of all the four engines on a vertical scale.30 / March 3. Indicates the percentage of RPM of the High Pressure Compressor (HPC) of all the four engines on a vertical scale. B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 32/42 Version 1. B-III Pointer indicating manual EPR value.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Panel Description Engine Instruments General J-II J-II J-II J-II J-I B-II B-I A-II B-III H A-I A-I C D E F G EPR indicator. EGT. N2 or FF. D N1 indicator. Indicates the Engine pressure Ratio of all four engines on a vertical scale. A-II Digital actual EPR indication.

30 / March 3. 2009 All rights reserved .Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Panel Description Engine Instruments Engine Panel Lights (annunciator) OIL TEMP OIL PRESS HYD PRESS GEN V O LT S OIL PRESS HYD PRESS GEN V O LT S GEN V O LT S EXT TEMP FUEL PRESS FUEL PRESS ENG 1 ENG 2 ENG 3 ENG 4 OIL TEMP OIL PRESS HYD PRESS GEN VOLTS EXT TEMP FUEL PRESS Illuminates when a certain high oil temperature has reached. Illuminates when a certain low oil pressure (LOP) has reached Illuminates when a certain low hydraulic pressure has reached Indicates that the generator doesn’t supply electrical AC power Illuminates when a certain high air exhaust temperature has reached Illuminates when a certain low fuel pressure has reached B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 33/42 Version 1.

LEFT. NEUTRAL or OFF position and all the gears are UP and locked. Found at item B the correct individual light unit identifications. The handle offers three positions. 2009 All rights reserved . GREEN lights: Illuminates when the gear handle is DOWN and the respective landing gear is DOWN and LOCKED. The LDG GEAR unit comes with three light legends. Lights extinguished: This condition is valid with the gear handle is the UP. NOSE. To move the handle from GEAR UP or DOWN position. AMBER lights: Illuminates when the landing gear is not down locked while the handle is still down.and RIGHT MAIN gears. or when any unsafe condition exists. just select it to the corresponding position. Also illuminates when landing gear is in transit or not in agreement with the gear handle. UP and NEUTRAL. B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 34/42 Version 1. DOWN.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Panel Description System Instruments Landing Gear Controls and Indications C D B A A A A B C D GEAR Handle: Mechanically positions the landing gear hydraulic valve for retraction or extension of the landing gear. The LEFT (RIGHT) GEAR lights represent either the left (right) wing and body (fuselage) gears.30 / March 3.

From 10 units and further. Typical identification when FLAPS 10 is selected and inboard.and Trailing Flap Indicator D E F G B C A B C D E F G ADI (Attitude Direction Indicator) See for detailed description page 20 FLAPS indicator The FLAPS indicator offers the position of the Kruger-. B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 35/42 Version 1. The positions 1 and 5 are only for the Kruger.and outboard trailing edge flaps are at 10 units. Shows the TAT (Total Air Temperature).30 / March 3. the Trailing Edge Flaps are extended accordingly.and Trailing Edge flaps of the wing. 2009 All rights reserved . Shows the OAT (Outside Air Temperature) Shows the TAS (True Air Speed) Dual BRAKE PRESS indicator.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Panel Description A System Instruments Kruger. The figures do not represent actual degrees. Variable Camber.and Variable Camber Flaps.

Illuminates when the handle is not in the DOWN and ARMED position.30 / March 3. Engine 4 NACELLE ANTI-ICE switch selected on the overhead. Illuminates when the logo light switch on the overhead is ON. Parking brakes are set via handle on pedestal. 2009 All rights reserved . B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 36/42 Version 1. SEAT BELTS pushbutton on the overhead panel selected. 2. Not assigned Not assigned AVIONICS switch on the FE panel in OFF with BAT switch ON. 3 and MAX Switch selected ON at the lower overhead panel. Illuminates when the YAW DAMPER is active. NO 1 MAIN fuel tank empty (MSFS left auxiliary) NO 2 MAIN fuel tank empty (MSFS left) NO 3 MAIN fuel tank empty (MSFS right) NO 4 MAIN fuel tank empty (MSFS right auxiliary) Appears when the stabilizer trim is too far out of normal trim range.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Panel Description System Instruments System Panel Lights (annunciator) SPOILER LANDING LIGHTS ARMED SPOILER AUTOBRK DEPLYD ARMED ENGINE ENGINE DE-ICE DE-ICE FUEL FUEL TANK 2 TANK 1 STAB OUT TRIM PARKING SMOKING BRAKE TAXI LIGHTS STROBE LIGHTS ENGINE DE-ICE FUEL TANK 3 LOGO LIGHTS PITOT HEAT ENGINE DE-ICE FUEL TANK 4 AVIONICS BUSS YAM DAMPER SEAT BELTS SPOILER ARMED LANDING LIGHTS TAXI LIGHTS LOGO LIGHTS SPOILER DEPLYD AUTOBRK ARMED STROBE LIGHTS PITOT HEAT ENGINE DE-ICE ENGINE DE-ICE ENGINE DE-ICE ENGINE DE-ICE FUEL TANK 1 FUEL TANK 2 FUEL TANK 3 FUEL TANK 4 STAB OUT TRIM FWD CARGO AFT CARGO AVIONICS BUSS PARKING BRAKE SMOKING SEAT BELTS YAW DAMPER Illuminates when the SPEED BRAKE handle is in the ARMED position. When either INB and/or OUTB switches selected ON. RUNWAY TURNOFF switch selected ON at the lower overhead panel. Illuminates when the pitot heat switches selected ON at the overhead. Engine 3 NACELLE ANTI-ICE switch selected on the overhead. Auto brake selector in the positions 1. NO SMOKING pushbutton on the overhead panel selected. Engine 2 NACELLE ANTI-ICE switch selected on the overhead. Engine 1 NACELLE ANTI-ICE switch selected on the overhead.

most of the switches are selectable although not every switch is simulated. the respective light illuminates. so this page is by means a good reference to look at. The electrical panel consist of two parts. many of the switches can be used.and Anti-Ice System The lower part of the panel offers the ANTI ICE switches including the PROBE selections. During your cockpit preparations. The ALTERNATORS (Alternate Current) part offers the engine generator switches with individual red ALT light legends. As we’ve mentioned. you will need to do o a lot of switching here. AC/DC Electrical.30 / March 3.switches must be selected. With the switch(es) in OFF. B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 37/42 Version 1.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Panel Description Flight Engineer Panel Electrical and Anti-Ice Section Although most of the Flight Engineer panel contains dummy indicators.discussed in the flight tutorial . 2009 All rights reserved . During cockpit preparations . which gives you the time to become familiar with the Flight Engineers sub-panels. the DC METERS (DC VOLTS and DC AMPS) with belonging switching’s and the BATTERY switch.

OIL QTY.EGT (Exhaust Gas Temperature) . temperately/time limited allowed and prohibited speed/temperature.ENGINE START switches UPPER Primary Engine Instrument panel Worth noted that the green. The LOWER panel houses the secondary engine instruments e. OIL TEMP and OIL PRESS and the amber FILTER BYPASS light units. Click this arrow to return to the Captain’s panel.FF (Fuel Flow) in Pounds Per Hour . B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 38/42 Version 1.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Panel Description Flight Engineer Panel Engine Instruments Section ments The UPPER engine instrument panel offers the following parameters: . N2.N1 (FAN rotor speed in %) .g. amber and red area in the N1.30 / March 3. . 2009 All rights reserved . EGT indicators represent a safe rotor LOWER Secondary Engine Instrument Panel speed/temperature.N2 (CORE rotor speed in %) .EPR (Engine Pressure Ratio) Only used in combination with Pratt & Whitney or Rolls Royce engines.

LOW PRESS and SEC SYS 1 legend B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 39/42 Version 1.30 / March 3. Individual light illuminates if the hydraulic fluid temperature becomes too high.HYD PRESS indicators for each hydraulic system . 2009 All rights reserved . The moment the engines are running. each EDP supplies its hydraulic system for the flight controls.ELEC PUMP HYD SYS 4 ON-OFF selector .QTY TEST pushbutton. there is no need to do anything for the flight regarding the hydraulic system. .EDP (Engine Driven Pump) selector switch for NORMAL and DEPRESS mode with amber PRESS light . Hydraulic Control Panel an amber light comes ON. If the pump runs. this allows you to check the HYD QTY indicators .Hydraulic tank OVERHEAT light. If the pump doesn’t supply enough pressure.Dual HYD TEMP indicators in degrees Centigrade .NORMAL BRAKE SOURCE SELECT switch with SEC SYS1 or PRIM SYS 4 selections .HYD QTY indicators of al three systems . a blue light illuminates.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Panel Description Flight Engineer Panel Hydraulic Section During normal operations. OFF and CONTINUOUS. flap/slats etc. brake system. .AIR PUMP selector with switchable modes for AUTO. The hydraulic panel offers the following components: .

When the switch is on.Dual BRAKE PRESS indicator . If the AVIONICS switch is OFF. and some of them are working while others are dummies. The switches offer an ON-OFF position. Available lights/switches are: . the green light comes ON. Cabin light switch controls the cabin lights if the battery switch is OFF. . MID PASS.and CABIN LIGHTS switches.30 / March 3. Only operative when the BAT switch is ON. Miscellaneous Control Panel B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 40/42 Version 1. Control for these doors is done via a simicon in the cockpit. the amber LOW VOLTAGE light illuminates. 2009 All rights reserved . MAIN CARGO and NOSE CARGO amber lights. .Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Panel Description Flight Engineer Panel Miscellaneous Section The miscellaneous panel offers a few switches and lights.FWD PASS.AVIONICS MASTER switch. Instrument light switch controls backlight of FE panel instruments only.INSTR.

One FUEL TEMP indicator . The indications are in lbs (Pounds) so keep in mind when you intend to fly with Kgs. opening the Respective cross feed valve. B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 41/42 Version 1. No 1. for distribution to the individual engines.OPEN/CLOSE No1 (4) RES valves Fuel Control Panel .Four FUEL PRESS indicators .Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Panel Description Flight Engineer Panel Fuel Section There is normally no need to do anything except that with fuel in a specific tank. the fuel tanks are built up as follows: No 1 RES(erve). From left to the right. . No 2. No 3.Four FUEL CONTROL VALVE selectors. 2009 All rights reserved . No 4 and Finally No 4 RES. Each boost pump has its own amber PRESS light if the supplied fuel pressure is too low. the related FUEL PUMP switch must be selected ON and if needed. CENTER.30 / March 3. The panel also offers the following: .BOOST PUMP switches for each tank except RES. to control the fuel distribution .Four X-feed valves.

Fuel Jettison Control Panel B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 42/42 Version 1. Opening of the panel can be done by clicking the black button.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Panel Description Flight Engineer Panel Fuel Jettison Section The fuel jettison system allows you to dump an excessive amount of fuel from specific fuel tanks.30 / March 3. 2009 All rights reserved . Once open. which will turn and dump the fuel from the specific tanks. Covered by a red panel/door. you click the red lever. we find the only available control.

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.....................................................................................Selecting manually your airport location...................................................................... 2 Sound Settings .........................................Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Table of Contents Chapter Three Flight tutorial KBOS-KSFO........................................ 56 Entering new waypoints (without INS Flight Plan loader) ............................................................... 61 Descent Profile............................................ 58 Descent............................................... 5 Flight Planning ................................................................................................................. 38 Finalizing settings and adjustments ................................................................................. 74 B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen Version 1... 19 INS Initialization....................................................................................................................................... 33 Engine Start .............................................. 23 Flight Plan Loading................ 10 Part I ........................... 2 CLS Simicons .......................................................................... 18 Cockpit Preparations.............................................................................. 54 Manual Track leg change ....................................................................................................................................... 39 TO Profile................................................... 26 Manually entering waypoints .................. 2009 All rights reserved .............................................................................................................. 49 CDU explanation ...................................................................................... 36 After Engine Start........................................................................................................................................................................................ 14 Fuel and Payload......... 3 IAS (Indicated Air Speed) Settings............Configure your Cold & Dark situation ............................................................................. 34 Engine 4 Start sequence (FE panel) ..................................................................... 65 Final Approach................................ 34 Engine 3 Start sequence (pilot’s workspace) ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 71 Cockpit Termination ............................................................................................................. 38 Taxi Profile ................................................................................................................. 1 Introduction .................................... 62 Approach Profile ........................................................... 12 Part II ................................................................................ 13 Part III ................................................. 49 Relax and enjoy................................................... 40 Climb Profile......................................... 4 Special Features....................................................................................... 8 Route Finder........................................................................................................................................................... 1 General.................................... 9 Initial Preparations ....................................................................................................................... approach and landing preparations .................................................................................................................................... 42 Cruise Profile ........................................................................................................................................................ 50 Automatic track leg change ..................................................................................... 8 FSNavigator flight plan (FS9 only) ..................... 22 FAST INS Alignment .................................................................................... 30 Before Engine Start........................................................ 1 Cockpit and Aircraft Facts...............................................................................................................................................................24 / March 3.............. 19 Power Up.... 73 Flight Engineer (FE) panels................Selecting manually the INS Boeing 747-200............................................................................................................................................................ 67 Touchdown and taxi........................................ 73 Pilot panels .. 10 Selecting pre-configured tutorial file ............

but there’s much more. ADDS (Aviation Digital Data Service). Let’s give you some more examples of interesting sites. This means there’s no need to perform complicated calculations. Feel free having a look into it while the INS (Inertial Navigation System) is flying you to the American West coast. What we have done. As part of making any flight plan. AIM (Aeronautical Information Manual). AirNav. we also assume you’re aware of low and high altitude routes. either via the MSFS Flight planner or any external program. many things have been designed to make aircraft operations easy for you.30 / March 3. B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 1/74 Version 1. The separately published Operations Manual offers you all the necessary information about aircraft performances as well as limitations. is adding into the appendix some navigation history information such as “what is dead reckoning”. Furthermore. Due to the F-Lite aircraft characteristics.and J-routes as applicable for the United States. navigation with the help of “VOR/DME stations” and “NDB beacons” as well as “what is Area Navigation”.Com and VirtualSkies Navigation. but values may differ from your flight! This and much more information is freely accessible via the FAA (Federal Aviation Administration). V.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight Tutorial Flight tutorial KBOS-KSFO Introduction General The intention of this flight tutorial is to give you an overview of how to handle this CLS 747 Series. for your convenience. this tutorial is a guide helping you understanding the INS and settings. MyAirplane. We also assume that you’ve got basic aviation navigation knowledge including making a flight plan. 2009 All rights reserved .

Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight Tutorial Cockpit and Aircraft Facts CLS Simicons An important item is the ability to call-up the necessary panels via these simicons.30 / March 3. Added to the basic MSFS icons. customized ones are found. 2009 All rights reserved . Let us have a look at what these offer. at First Officers panel -- (INS Configuration) Selection Icons Captains Instrument panel (FMS Configuration) First Officers panel FMS CDU DOOR and ground equipment panel Virtual Cockpit ON/OFF Flight Engineer (FE) panel Pedestal Radio Control panel Overhead panel Selection Icons First Officers panel Captains panel Radio Control panel MSFS GPS500 Equipment FS9/FSX Map FS9/FSX Kneeboard FS9/FSX ATC Window B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 2/74 Version 1.

we recommend that you set sound quality to medium or low.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight Tutorial Sound Settings Recommended sound settings for the Boeing 747 Classic are: Note: Some machines will experience digital “tunneling” or may freeze when certain sounds are played. If you experience either of these problems.30 / March 3. due to slower processors. smaller amounts of RAM. B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 3/74 Version 1. and the large size of the sound files. 2009 All rights reserved .

FS9 (FSX) menu Realism Settings B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 4/74 Version 1.Select from the FS menu Aircraft .Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight Tutorial IAS (Indicated Air Speed) Settings Requirement It is mandatory to configure FS9/FSX to display Indicated Airspeed rather than True airspeed. In the Flight Simulator 2004/FSX menu .Tick Display indicated airspeed in the Instruments and lights part.From the pulldown menu choose Realism Settings… .30 / March 3. 2009 All rights reserved .In the Settings – Realism window: .

Further more additional ground equipment can be added to this to create an overall realistic view of equipment around your 747.and lower cargo doors as well as the foldable nose. combi. indicating that this function is active. blue or green square is straightforward. As seen on the screenshot below.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight Tutorial Special Features ures The DOOR and ground equipment control panel allows you to control each passenger-.30 / March 3. the box will highlight yellow. Although every click on a pink. we’ve added for your convenience the specific operations on these three pages. 2009 All rights reserved . II I Door and Ground Equipment Control Panel I II B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 5/74 Version 1. the panel is used for all kind of 747 configurations. TOW – Pushback Truck Notice that when you have clicked the colored box.

30 / March 3. 2009 All rights reserved .Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight Tutorial Related passenger doors not shown B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 6/74 Version 1.

30 / March 3. 2009 All rights reserved .Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Oper ations Manual Flight Tutorial HLL – HI Loader B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 7/74 Version 1.

Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight Tutorial Flight Planning Route Finder Route Finder (http://rfinder. Remember that this RouteFinder route could differ from the one created by Microsoft’s own Flight Planner. This could result in different waypoints than used in this tutorial. When we have created our flight plan.net/free/ KBOS DCT SOSYO V431 GDM V2 ALB J16 MCW J148 ONL J94 OCS J154 TCH J56 MVA STAR KSFO Detailed description of the operation of Route Finder is found on their website. we can use these coordinates in FSNavigator (not useable with FS X). For this American CLS flight. which we then load into the MCDU of the 747 Classic.asalink. To be clear.asalink.30 / March 3. B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 8/74 Version 1. you can use this FSNavigator file with FSX as well! http://rfinder. we start with Route Finder. trying to meet PC flight simulation needs) but it’s constantly updated with a current AIRAC. This route generator “service” does not contain all the logic and features of its counterpart aimed at real aviation users (and the underlying database is maintained separately. 2009 All rights reserved .net/free/) is an on-line flight planning system for flight simulations.

B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen Version 1.Standard Terminal Arrival Route (STAR) Depending on the flight situation. environmental condition and overall complexity. 2009 All rights reserved 9/74 .Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight Tutorial FSNavigator flight plan (FS9 only) S9 KBOS LOGAN2 SID SOSYO Waypoint GDM V2 ALB J16 MCW J148 ONL J94 Airway OCS J154 TCH MVA J56 LOCKE1 KSFO STAR V431 Airway Airway Airway Airway Airway Airway 115.80 (Wasatch) (Mina) 114.90 (Mason) (Rock Springs) SID LOGAN2 STAR LOCKE1 FSNavigator flight plan (all values in this tutorial are based on Kilograms) (Included for training purposes the KBOS-KSFO.30 110.10 116.60 (Gardner) (Albany) 113. we could use a different SID and/or STAR.LOCKE1 .PLN file) End of Climb equals TOC (Top of Climb) Beginning of Descent equals TOD (Top of Descent) LOGAN2 .30 / March 3.Standard Instrument Departure (SID) OAL.00 116.90 (O’Neill) 115.

Select from the LOAD FLIGHT – My Saved Flights list the CLS 747-200 KBOS-KSFO Gate E8 flight configuration. parked at gate E8 at Boston Logan International Airport (KBOS). If this procedure fails. Selecting pre-configured tutorial file At Flight Simulator X (or FS2004) menu . This livery is installed with the basic installer and thus always available.together with the CLS 747 Classic tutorial installer . 2009 All rights reserved . You’re of course free to change it into your own favorite airline livery. followed from the pull down menu Load Select Aircraft FSX menu (FS2004 → Flights → Select a Flight) . go to a sub chapter .Select a Flight) B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 10/74 Version 1. For this tutorial.starting at page 12 . which will guide you how to load the INS equipped 747-200 including the correct airport location. What do you get from us? Find your cold and dark 747-200 GE aircraft configuration.30 / March 3. the Flight Simulator Files.Select from the FS menu Flights.where there is a systematic procedure. followed by the Fly Now button.prepared flight tutorial configuration files are installed in the Flight Simulator X Files directory or if you use FS2004. LOAD FLIGHT FSX window (FS2004 .Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight Tutorial Initial Preparations Whatever MSFS you’re using . It will also guide you as to how to bring the aircraft in a Cold and Dark situation. the aircraft livery used is the CLS house livery with GE and INS.

Parked at E8 KBOS . The simulated available sound is originating from the ground power unit. On behalf of CLS. 2009 All rights reserved 11/74 . I wish you a pleasant and nice flight with this tutorial.Cold and dark aircraft configuration .Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight Tutorial Offered situation .After loading this preconfigured file you should end up with the following situation: .Weather condition . B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen Version 1.747-200 GE INS configuration in CLS livery .building storms If you’ve followed this step-by-step procedure correctly. the Captain’s main panel should look like the above picture and that your external livery is the CLS one.30 / March 3.

Choose the 747-200 CLS House Livery – GE (INS) .30 / March 3.Click the OK button to confirm.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Part I .Tick Show all variations .Select from the Aircraft model menu 747-200 .Select from the Aircraft Manufacturer menu Commercial Level Simulations . Aircraft Selection FSX menu Aircraft Selection FS2004 menu B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 12/74 Version 1. . 2009 All rights reserved .Click the OK button to confirm your choice.Select from the Aircraft Manufacturer menu Commercial Level Simulations .Select from the Variation menu CLS House Livery – GE (INS) .Selecting manually the INS Boeing 747-200 In Flight Simulator 2004 / FSX menu Select from the FS menu Aircraft From the pull down menu Select Aircraft Flight Tutorial Select Aircraft FS2004 menu (FSX similar) .Select from the Publisher menu Commercial Level Simulations .

Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Part II .Type it the Airport ID window: KBOS .Followed by Go to Airport Flight Tutorial Airport location FS2004 menu (FSX similar) .Confirm the changes with the OK button .GATE HEAVY .Select out of the Choose runway/Starting position GATE E8 .Save in either MSFS version the current Inertial Navigation System Boeing 747-200 configuration as well as the airport location.Select from the FS menu World .Select from the Runway/Starting position Gate E8 . 2009 All rights reserved .Confirm the changes with the OK button .Selecting manually your airport location In Flight Simulator 2004 / FSX menu .30 / March 3.Type it the Airport ID window: KBOS .GATE HEAVY GO TO AIRPORT FSX menu GO TO AIRPORT FS2004 menu . B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 13/74 Version 1.

UPR/LWR YAW DAMPER switches OFF .STORM light switch OFF . If not. 2009 All rights reserved 14/74 . selector.NACELLE ANTI-ICE switches OFF Flight Tutorial .SEAT BELTS switch OFF .RUNWAY TURNOFF switches OFF .NO SMOKING switch OFF .WING light switch OFF . knobs and others.AUTO-BRAKE selector OFF . in accordance with the figure below: .BEACON light switch OFF .MAIN PANEL BACKGROUND switch OFF .Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Part III . so let’s go for it! On the overhead panel Set the following switches.INS MSU 1 / 2 / 3 selectors OFF .LOGO light switch OFF .DOME light switch OFF .ANTI-SKID switch OFF .these switches are only dummies and should stay in this position.PROBE HEATERS switches OFF . do so! B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen Version 1.Configure your Cold & Dark situation This is a good moment to bring our Jumbo Jet to a cold and dark situation.30 / March 3.OUTBD/INBD LANDING LIGHT switches OFF .EMERGENCY light switch OFF .STROBE light switch OFF .NAV light switch OFF .

Engine START switches OFF B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 15/74 Version 1.ALTERNATOR ENG 1 / 2 / 3 / 4 switches OFF .BATTERY switch OFF .AVIONICS MASTER switch OFF . in accordance with the figure below: .Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual On the Flight Engineer panel Flight Tutorial Set the following switches.FUEL TANK PUMP switches OFF Verify that the following switches are in the same position as on the screenshot. select them to reflect the picture.HYD AIR PUMP switches OFF .30 / March 3. 2009 All rights reserved .ELEC PUMP HYD SYS 4 guard closed .HYD ENG PUMP switches OFF .ANTI ICE ENG 1 / 2 / 3 / 4 switches OFF . If not.INST LIGHTS OFF .NORMAL BRAKE SOURCE guard closed . .ENG FUEL CONTROL switches UP .CABIN LIGHTS OFF . knobs and others. selector.

. indicator windows and others are in accordance with the figure below: . place it in this position.30 / March 3.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual On the Radio Control panel Flight Tutorial Verify that the following switches.FLAPS handle 0 position .Spoiler handle in RET position .ADF and TRANSPONDER units are blank. 2009 All rights reserved .FUEL switches in the CUTOFF position . .Engine START switches OFF . levers.The indicator windows of the NAV1/COM1 NAV2/COM2 . handles and others in accordance with the figure below: .INS CDU lights and indications are OFF.TCAS switch OFF On the pedestal Set the following switches.PARKING BRAKE switch SET (PULL) The PARK BRAKE light should illuminate B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 16/74 Version 1. .Throttles in IDLE . If not.INS MODE selector AUTO.

We wish you a pleasant and nice flight.30 / March 3.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight Tutorial If you’ve followed the Cold and Dark procedure correctly. 2009 All rights reserved . B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 17/74 Version 1. the Captain’s and Co-pilot’s main panel should look like the one shown below.

.Select Change Fuel… . 2009 All rights reserved .Enter the values as shown on the screenshot . Once you leave the field. MSFS adjustments for fueland payload are made.Click the OK button to close the FUEL and PAYLOAD window Typical FSX Payload Settings (FS2004 menu similar) B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 18/74 Version 1. but with some extra for the APU during the flight.Click the OK button Typical FSX Fuel Settings (FS2004 menu similar) .0 kg (27500.000 lbs). holding(s). the settings and values are also applicable for FS2004. Once you leave the field.Tick Display fuel quantity as weight Typical FSX Fuel and Payload (FS2004 menu similar) .Select Aircraft from the menu .Click the OK button .Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight Tutorial Fuel and Payload For this flight.Select Fuel and Payload . ATC and others we increase this value to around 55000 kg (121. Ok. the value could slightly change.Select Change Payload… . .0 kg (32560.30 / March 3.Enter 12500. .0 lbs) for the Left and Right fuel tanks. the value could slightly change.Enter 14800. Although the screenshots represent FSX. with minor changes.0 lbs) into the Left and Right Aux(iliary) fuel tanks. For this flight we need approximately 45000 kg (kilogram) of fuel.

Environmental data: . we need to connect the aircraft battery and APU electrical and pneumatic power to the aircraft.ZFW 173. .Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight tutorial Cockpit Preparations Power Up Aircraft Performance data For the necessary calculations and settings to make. .Aircraft data.186 Kgs (Zero Fuel Weight) .GW 257. so let’s go.Barometric Pressure 1013 hPa (29.ATC Squawk code 3446 . Positive connection of the APU is visible via the white indicator light. .031 Kgs (Gross Weight) .92”) .STAB TRIM setting 4°ANU (Aircraft Nose Up) .7% . B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 19/74 Version 1.5% .TAKEOFF speeds (knots) V1 114 VR 144 V2 159 Vclimb 169 .Select the BATTERY switch ON This will connect the BAT and APU (Auxiliary Power Unit) to the aircraft. .TAKEOFF N1 111. we’ve got collected the following data for you.OAT 20°C (68 F) .30 / March 3.Runway Dry On the FE UPPER panel To get the aircraft up and running. 2009 All rights reserved .112.Select the MASTER AVIONICS switch ON This will illuminate the green bulb.Weather conditions calm .

92inHg. 2009 All rights reserved . B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 20/74 Version 1.30 / March 3.Set baro setting to 1013hPa or 29. - + Since the Captain’s and First Officer’s indicators are interconnected with each other. Follow the +/.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight tutorial On the pedestal .procedure as identified below. there’s no need to make any changes here.Verify that the PARKING BRAKE is SET On the overhead Panel - Set UPR/LWR YAW DAMPER switches ON Select the ANTI-SKID switch ON EMER LT switch in the ARM position NO SMOKING and SEAT BELTS buttons ON Set PROBE HEAT switches ON Select the NAV selector ON Select the LOGO switch ON FE ELEC Panel Probe switches On the captains instrument panel .

Set the mode selector to HDG Click the HDG text as written on the panel.V2 159 knots . + - + + + B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 21/74 Version 1.Dial a HDG of 273° .Set the FD switch (Flight Director) ON . + On the radio panel .30 / March 3. but leave the TCAS switch in the OFF position.V1 114 knots . 2009 All rights reserved .Set an initial VS of 2200 Use the upper part of the V/S thumbwheel (+) . Follow the +/.VR 144 knots .60 .Set GDM (Gardner) VOR to NAV1 110. . At this point connect the INS.Set a speed in the ATS window of 169 .Initial Vclimb 169 (V2+10) Small differences could exist between these values and your MSFS aircraft configuration! V1 VR V2 Vclimb On the Auto Flight Mode Selector panel Make the following adjustments: .procedure as identified below.At the IAS (Indicated Air Speed) indicator.Set an initial altitude of 9000 feet The entered heading of 273° guides you to waypoint GARVE.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight tutorial On the Captain’s instrument panel (con’t) .Set a transponder code of 3446. set the following speed (bugs): .

Turn the Mode Selector on the respective CDU in the DSRTK/STS position. . . All lights on the CDU and MSU should illuminate and all display characters should becomes 8’s. This powers the INS and we are now ready to begin with the INS preflight checks.Bulb and display testing. The result can be seen below Typical MSU and CDU in TEST mode B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 22/74 Version 1. Flight tutorial Typical example of a MSU with STBY selected On the INS CDU1. 2009 All rights reserved .Press the HOLD button for a second time.Push the HOLD knob.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual INS Initialization On the overhead MSU1. the last but one a 9 and the last one a 5 . 11 21 Typical INS CDU with DSRTK/STS and HOLD selected .Place the selector(s) in the STBY position. .Click and hold the TEST switch. 2 and 3 .30 / March 3. 2 and 3 . The LH display should show 11 21 which is the ID program.The first digit of RH display should show 0.

Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual FAST INS Alignment Aligning the IRU1.Click button 2 on the keypad. Flight tutorial On MSU 1 (overhead) panel Note: You must perform these steps also for the MSU / INS CDU 2 and 3! .29’ B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 23/74 Version 1.Move the Mode Selector directly from OFF to NAV and release the knob.Enter the ramp position coordinates. This illuminates the white ALIGN light On CDU 1 . followed by one click on the INSERT key (you don’t see anything happen).30 / March 3.Verify yourself that the MODE selector is in the AUTO position.21’(FSX PPOS) . . This takes no more then 20 seconds so let’s go. You can retrieve the actual aircraft position via Shft + Z or for your convenience. The INSERT light illuminates and the W71* 1.31’ N42* 22. W71* 1. which takes around 20 minutes or the fast alignment procedure.Turn the Mode Selector to the POS position .Press the following keys on the keypad 4 2 2 2 3. 2009 All rights reserved . find the FS9 (FSX) coordinators on your left. N42* 22. 2 and 3 is possible following the normal procedure.33’(FS9 PPOS) LH display shows all 0’s with the N of North. On the INS Loader (radio panel) .

The RH display shows again 0’s with at the end the W of West. The INSERT light should extinguish. The RH display should show: The LH display can show on your INS CDU any value! On MSU 1 (overhead) panel .Turn the Mode Selector back to the DSRTK/STS position.Press the following keys on the keypad 7 1 0 1 3 in this sequence.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight tutorial .Set the selector to the ALIGN position. B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 24/74 Version 1. followed by one click on the INSERT key. . 2009 All rights reserved .Click button 4 on the keypad.30 / March 3. .Your CDU longitude/latitude should look like: . This starts the fast alignment procedure.

The LH display shows the DSRTK (desired track) while in the RH display the 0 changed into a 1 and the last digit has become a 4.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight tutorial On CDU 1 .The moment the MSU 1 selector is in the NAV position. the CDU 1 RH display will change. On MSU 1 (overhead) panel .Set the selector to NAV.API has reached 5.The 1 API decreases to value 8.Monitor the RH display only. The LH could show a different value than shown below. which concludes the FAST INS alignment procedure and the extinguishes of the white ALIGN light. followed by 6. but 5 is enough for a good final alignment. . API decreased to 7. Keep in mind that the LH display can show on your INS CDU a different value! 1 API – Aligment Performance Index Version 1. . It will further countdown to 0.After 20-30 seconds there’s again some change. . 2009 All rights reserved B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 25/74 .30 / March 3. On CDU 1 .

Flight Planner … Flight tutorial .PLN .Flights . B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 26/74 Version 1. click the OPEN button (FSX) or the OK button if you’re using FS2004 .Select from the FSX (FS2004) menu . Loading process .Select from this menu .Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight Plan Loading You want to follow the old-fashioned way of entering waypoints via latitude/longitude data? A manual loading procedure will be found following this section.When found. 2009 All rights reserved .30 / March 3.Click the Yes button in the next window.Select Load… and look for CLS KBOS-KSFO.Click the OK button to close the Flight Planner .

With the INS CDU Mode Selector in the WAY PT position.During the flight plan loading process. all the waypoints are loaded into the memory of the INS. The flashing FROM-TO indicator as well as the yellow BAT light on each CDU will stop flashing/extinguish the moment an engine is started.30 / March 3. the two displays no longer show AUTO. On the radio panel When the last waypoint is loaded . The green SEL switch/button is flashing for every waypoint that is currently loaded. In the following example CDU 1 shows the current lat/long position (0) while CDU 2 and 3 waypoints 1 and 2. both latitude and longitude waypoints are shown. B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 27/74 Version 1. Note: waypoint 1 is the beginning of runway 27. but 01 09 and 19. Furthermore. 2009 All rights reserved .only the first 9 waypoints are visible on either CDU – the INS flight plan loader green SEL light extinguishes and AUTO returns in both displays.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual On the INS Loader (radio panel) Flight tutorial .

B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 28/74 Version 1. Remember one important thing.2. Use the indicated thumbwheel and place it in position 0 as shown.21 becomes .2 reflects FS9 latitude position! Use the indicated thumbwheel and place it in position 1 as shown.29 will be . Use the indicated thumbwheel and place it in position 3 as shown.30 / March 3. 2009 All rights reserved .3 while .01. Shown 071. Use the indicated thumbwheel and place it in position 2 as shown. the last two digits should be rounded up or downwards thus .Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight tutorial On the INS CDU Let’s scroll thru the “auto inserted“ waypoints and crosscheck with the list on the next page.

Ready to fly.30 / March 3. You continue checking the others while I’ll show you below the last available and visible waypoint in the INS CDU Use the indicated thumbwheel and place it in position 9 as shown. go to page 33. B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 29/74 Version 1. Use the indicated thumbwheel and place it in position 5 as shown.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight tutorial Use the indicated thumbwheel and place it in position 4 as shown. 2009 All rights reserved .

40 YXU 117.92 W109°00.47 W121°17.68 N42°28.23 W118°45.29 N42°21.74 N37°41.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Manually entering waypoints Collecting latitude/longitude data Before we’re able to manually enter the first nine waypoints.10 W121°30. HDG SPD DIS LATITUDE W071°01.82 W122°22.0 2.5 23.1 44.19 W078°38.23 N41°53.01 N43°05.92 W082°43.74 N43°02.00 TCH 116.21 W071°02. 2009 All rights reserved .42 N37°42.91 W118°01.30 EOC BUF 116.35 W073°48.33 W071°01.65 N41°35. B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 30/74 Version 1.06 W093°19.7 75.8 216.20 ECK BAE 116.49 ----237 305 299 278 284 282 271 268 255 252 254 238 230 145 247 246 245 246 289 289 ------0.70 INYOE BOD TROSE MOD 114.90 BFF 112.90 W120°24.25 W120°57.80 MVA 115.92 N37°37.29 N42°22.97 W117°46.0 0.10 OAL 117.08 W088°17.64 N37°35.02 N38°33.84 N42°55.5 221.60 GROAN LOCKE UPEND KSFO --- Note: The prepared INS flight plan.4 FS9 FSX Flight tutorial # WAYPOINTS POSITION LONGITUDE N42°22. we need to collect the enroute waypoints as well as their latitude and longitude positions.04 W072°03.14 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 KBOS Gate E8 KBOS Gate E8 Fix01 WYLYY GDM 110. uses different waypoints then the above listing.0 248.9 47.4 141.9 59.90 ONL 113.0 238.6 15.81 N38°01.40 MCW 114.7 19.2 N42°18.22 W103°28.78 W081°08.58 W122°05.1 213.05 N42°32. which is loaded via the INS Flight Plan loader.6 26.20 N37°53.0 313.60 GRAVE ALB 115.95 N37°37.3 110.4 W071°06.7 27.92 W111°58.60 OCS 116.79 W098°41.28 N43°15.5 78.3 4.41 N40°51.35 N43°07.79 N42°44.76 N42°46.1 311.30 / March 3.49 W073°22.1 35.92 N38°00.

.Press the REMOTE key.30 / March 3.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual On the INS Loader (radio panel) Flight tutorial Verify that the Mode switch is in the MANUAL position.Select Waypoint/DME switch to pos. 1 INS CDU – Entering Latitude Coordinates . . That’s it … nothing more! On CDU 1 .Turn the Data Selector to WAYPT.6 W071°59.Enter waypoint 1: N42°21. Entering the latitude/longitude data With the collected data it’s now time to enter the first nine waypoints.Press the illuminated INSERT button.3 . The light will extinguish and the data is entered. eight additional waypoint latitude/longitude data can inserted into the INS CDU memory. 2009 All rights reserved . INS CDU – Entered Latitude Coordinates B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 31/74 Version 1. Don’t forget that waypoint 0 (aircraft position at gate E8) is also an active used waypoint. In other words.Press the following keypad keys: 2 4 2 2 1 6 (first digit (2) equals N of North) . You can close the guard if you want.

. The light will extinguish and the data is entered.2 W071°02.Enter waypoint 2: N42°21.Select Waypoint/DME switch to pos. .Press the following keypad keys: 2 4 2 2 1 2 . in total you can enter nine waypoints. which means both latitude and longitude data is entered.Press the illuminated INSERT button. the remaining INS CDU’s will show the same waypoint 1 data. so once again …. we need to add the additional ones during the flight when previous waypoints are deleted upon passing. Since we have more than nine for this flight from KBOS to KSFO. INS CDU – Entered Latitude and Longitude Coordinates When you’ve pressed the INSERT key for the second time.Press the following keypad keys: 4 0 7 1 0 2 4 .Press the illuminated INSERT button.4 .Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual On CDU 1 (con’t) Flight tutorial .Press the following keypad keys: 4 0 7 1 5 9 3 (first digit (4) equals W of West) . 2009 All rights reserved . B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 32/74 Version 1. 2 .Press the illuminated INSERT button.30 / March 3. INS CDU – Entered Latitude and Longitude Coordinates Remaining waypoints Continue the same way for the other 7 waypoints.

Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight tutorial Before Engine Start On the pedestal . 2009 All rights reserved . Positive output pressure is visible on the pressure indicators and amber legends. B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 33/74 Version 1. Note: Fuel quantity as indicated only in pounds.Select MAIN NO 1 (2. On the overhead panel .Please double check that the PARKING BRAKE is SET before starting the engines.Set the BEACON light switch ON On the FE FUEL panel .30 / March 3. 3 and 4) FUEL PUMP switches ON except the CTR tank.

Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight tutorial Engine Start Engine 4 Start sequence (FE panel) We first start from the FE panel because it offers you all the necessary indications and to get familiar with starting these hi-bypass General Electric engines.From the main instrument panel and pedestal . the OIL PRESS light extinguishes. increase of the N1 spool and further increase of the N2 indicator. It automatically becomes a FILTER BYPASS lite. On the FE ENGINE and FUEL panel .From the FE panel We show you the procedure to start an engine via the FE panel.and secondary engine parameters. close the FUEL VALVE 4. This will start the ignition and fuel supply.The result is EGT indication.30 / March 3.Use of the MSFS command Cltrl+E .At 20-22% N2. B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 34/74 Version 1. . The PRESS RATIO indicator (EPR) will stabilize at around 1. within the green area.Select ENG START switch engine number 4 Slowly the air starter will drive the N2 spool. Which procedure to follow Engine starting can done as follows: . which is visible on the respective indicator. 2009 All rights reserved . Pressure increases to ± 100 psi. The OIL TEMP stabilizes at around 100°. . At the secondary engine indicators. since it shows all the primary.45. oil pressure is rising and when out of the red area.

ENG PUMP switch to NORMAL Both PRESS lights illuminate. which is currently extinguished.Set ALTERNATOR ENG 4 ON This extinguishes the ALT light Flight tutorial At the FE HYD panel .HYD PRESS indication is already alive during engine start. .the HYD PRESS light extinguishes and is automatically replaced by an reservoir OVERHEAT light. but now from the pilot’s workspace. . Starting other engines B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 35/74 Version 1.Set or check for HYD SYS 4 the: .30 / March 3. . Find for your convenience on the next page the engine 3-start procedure/sequence. Output pressure should be within the green area. Furthermore there’s always pressure indication available.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual At the FE ELEC panel .AIR PUMP switch ON.Dual HYD TEMP indicator SYS 3-4 Indicator needle should stabilize at ± 100°C. 2009 All rights reserved . .

2009 All rights reserved B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 36/74 . OIL TEMP OIL PRESS HYD PRESS FUEL PRESS . The PRESS RATIO indicator (EPR) will stabilize at around 1.Select ENG START switch engine number 3 The air starter will drive the N2 spool.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight tutorial Engine Start Engine 3 Start sequence (pilot’s workspace) At the pedestal . Those are: .FUEL PRESS Those legends should be extinguished after the engine is stabilized.The result is EGT indication. During this engine start and the others. This will start the ignition and fuel supply.OIL PRESS .30 / March 3.45. .Place at 20-22% N2.Since there are no secondary engine indicators available for the pilots.HYD PRESS . increase of the N1 spool and further increase of the N2 indicator. the FUEL CUTOFF valve number 3 in the IDLE position. specific engine lights must be monitored. Version 1. which is visible on the respective round indicator as well as on the vertical tape. . an annunciator panel is available right under the vertical tapes.

.Set ALTERNATOR ENG 3 ON This extinguishes the ALT light and it extinguishes the GEN VOLTS light on the main instrument panel.Set or check for HYD SYS 3 the: .Dual HYD TEMP indicator SYS 3-4 Indicator needle should stabilize at ± 100°C. it’s now up to you to start with the previous descriptions to start the remaining two engines. At the FE HYD panel . Output pressure should be within the green area.HYD PRESS indication is already alive during engine start. which is currently extinguished. . Starting other engines B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 37/74 Version 1.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual At the FE ELEC panel Flight tutorial . Ok.30 / March 3. Furthermore there’s always pressure indication available. 2009 All rights reserved .ENG PUMP switch to NORMAL Both PRESS lights illuminate. . .the HYD PRESS light extinguishes and is automatically replaced by an reservoir OVERHEAT light.AIR PUMP switch ON.

9 EPR B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 38/74 Version 1. + .30 / March 3. Monitor actual FLAP position on the flap indicator on the main panel. 2009 All rights reserved .and First-Officer’s instrument panels. On the main instrument panel . Captain’s side First Officers side SPEED BRAKE ARMED is also visible on both Captain’s.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight tutorial After Engine Start Finalizing settings and adjustments On the pedestal .ARM the speed brakes Either click the ARM light unit or move the speed brake handle until the green ARM light illuminates. .Select FLAP 10 units. Click the “+” area to adjust the stabilizer until the pointer equals value 4.Set the EPR bug to 1.Set STAB TRIM to 4° ANU (Aircraft Nose Up).

For more realism. we need to perform the following actions: .Taxi from your gate E8 ( ) via taxiways B -C D to holding point runway 27 Airport Diagram General Edward Lawrence Logan Intl (BOS) B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 39/74 Version 1.After our pushback and cleared for taxi.Select the RUNWAY TURNOFF switches ON .30 / March 3.Select the WING switch to ON Taxi towards runway 27 . see MSFS.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight tutorial Taxi Profile After receiving ATC clearance (if applicable) we request the ground crew to start with the pushback. .Start the pushback via keyboard combination “Shift + P”. On the overhead panel .) to release.-PARKING BRAKES Press PERIOD (. 2009 All rights reserved . . connect the CLS pushback truck via the DOOR PANEL simicon. For further details for left/right rotation at the end of the pushback.

Set the TCAS switch on the transponder ON Commence Take Off . pause briefly to verify that the engines have run-up properly. EGT and N2 gauges on the center instrument panel.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight tutorial TO Profile On the overhead panel .While TO in progress. . watch your V SPEEDS B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 40/74 Version 1.to keep the aircraft in the current position.Press the brake pedals .if you have them .Select the OUTB and INBD LAND LIGHTS ON . 2009 All rights reserved .Align the aircraft with runway centerline .30 / March 3. . .9 EPR .Increase the throttles to approximately 60% N1.Increase the 1. N1.Watch the EPR.Select the STROBE lts ON .Set AUTO-BRAKE selector to RTO On the pedestal .

as set (for later) on the Auto Pilot control panel.1 Nm). . Don’t follow the VOR1 needle/pointer (47. 2009 All rights reserved .Try flying manually a HDG of 273. since this points to the GDM VOR station for which we’re not yet cleared. .Click the landing gear handle UP or use the keyboard command G.Maintain a speed equal to V2+10 That’s our earlier set 169 knots at the Auto Pilot Panel and the last bug in the IAS indicator.30 / March 3.Maintain a V/S of 1800 fpm . B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 41/74 Version 1.Verify all gear lights extinguish. gentle pull and bring the aircraft into approximately 10° PITCH UP position.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual At aircraft rotation When there’s a positive climb Flight tutorial . .While holding the pitch raise the landing gear after V2 as follows. . .At VR.

On the Automatic Flight Annunciator panel. If you do not see HDG HLD at the annunciator.Select the WING light switch to OFF B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 42/74 Version 1.30 / March 3.Set AUTOBRAKE selector to the OFF position . click once on the HDG text on the AP panel! On the overhead panel . the active modes are visible and it should look the same as within your Jumbo Jet. 2009 All rights reserved .Retract FLAPS in steps to 0 Note the maximum speeds limits: FLAP position Maximum Speeds (knots) 1 255 5 240 10 220 20 210 25 190 30 175 Select Click Engage Set Select A/T lever ON IAS panel text AP channels A / B CMD Your course (here 297) to center CDI ALT HOLD pushbutton On the Auto Flight Mode Selector panel On the Flight Annunciator panel .Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight tutorial Climb Profile At Thrust Reduction Altitude (1500’) .Set the RUNWAY TURNOFF switches to OFF .

The active HDG HLD mode disappears and should be replaced by INS LOCK. Confirm this on the main panel annunciator. B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 43/74 Version 1. Either you click the ARM legend/pushbutton or you move the handle to the DOWN position. 2009 All rights reserved .30 / March 3.000’) and allowed to follow our preprogrammed INS flight plan: .Reduce V/S to 1900 fpm (use “-” sign) - On the Flight Annunciator panel .Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual On the pedestal Flight tutorial .Select INS NAV mode (click INS text on panel) .Disarm the speed brakes.000 feet in ALT SEL window . On the Auto Flight Mode Selector panel Since we are cleared to continue to climb to FL200 (20.Set altitude of 20.Dial a speed of 250 .

which will take 27.Flying leg 1 to 2 (INS CDU) . so no need to adjust! Version 1. which tells us 118NM to go.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Slaved to the INS Flight tutorial Although you can’t see it on the FSX Flight Annunciator.INS CDU mode selector DIS/TIME.60).Set BARO PRESSURE on altimeter to Standard Atmosphere (STD). we departed from KBOS under standard atmosphere conditions.3 DME NM to go.RMI VOR needle points to our initially entered GDM VOR station (110. this is not connected to the INS and can still be used for own navigation such as cross checking.Select the OUTBD and INBD LANDING light switches to OFF On the Auto Flight Mode Selector panel .6 minutes. which is still 40. See below for the following typical items for this: . .Increase the speed to 300 At Transition altitude (18000’) On the main instrument panel .30 / March 3. Oops. Passing FL100 (10000’) On the Overhead panel . 2009 All rights reserved B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 44/74 . .HSI shows also 118 NM to go and HDG bug and VOR pointer/CDI now slaved to the INS. the INS is now connected to the aircraft Auto Flight system. On other words.

30 / March 3.An ALTITUDE ALERT message indicates that we’re approaching our selected altitude. . Level off at FL200 On the Auto Flight Mode Selector panel . The V/S indicator blue indicator lines return to 0 fpm.60) is just 6.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Approaching FL200 On the main instrument panel Flight tutorial . GDM VOR (110.Aircraft is leveling off at selected altitude. B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 45/74 Version 1. V/S indication returns to 0 as well as the V/S thumbwheel. while the VOR 1 pointer on the RMI points to this station. You can see this on the DME 1 indicator.1NM to go.2NM away from us and a little later only 4.By the way. 2009 All rights reserved .

2009 All rights reserved .30 (ALB Albany VOR) and NAV2 to 114.Set NAV 1 to 115. so let’s go for that. .Set the switch to VOR 2 and enter 114. These are located on the outboard sides of the Automatic Flight Mode Control Panel.30 / March 3.00.Enter a value in the ALT SEL window of 36000 .00 (ECK Peck VOR) On the main instrument panel You can enter these VOR frequencies on the designated VOR control panels.Set the switch to VOR 1 and enter 115.Enter a V/S of 1800 fpm On the radio panel . B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 46/74 Version 1.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Re-cleared for FL360 On the Auto Flight Mode Selector panel Flight tutorial .30. .

2). those bearings and DME.RMI and DME indicators used for own bearing.30) single needle (59. 2009 All rights reserved . . Our initial situation: .00) double needle (22. ALB VOR (Albany) II I I Actual aircraft track II Flight plan track ECK VOR (Peck) Along our first INS track (1 .0 NM) VOR 2 ECK (114.0 NM) ALERT light illuminates when the time to the waypoint go is less or equal to 2 min. . we will have a look to basic VOR station and positioning.30 / March 3. B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 47/74 Version 1.Lateral navigation via INS (see HSI and CDU).Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual On the main instrument panel Flight tutorial Ok. while the aircraft is climbing to FL360.VOR1 ALB (115. we can monitor the INS distance to go for ALB VOR and at the same time by separate tuning the VOR ALB and VOR ECK.

.85 Mach. .30 / March 3. 2009 All rights reserved .Select speed switch to MACH . which means that.Set a Mach value of 0. INS track 2 – 3 becomes active.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Approaching FL300 On the Auto Flight Mode Selector panel Flight tutorial .V/S needle and blue stripes returns to 0 .V/S thumbwheel/indicator have returned to 0 .Since we’ve passed ALB VOR. B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 48/74 Version 1.9 NM while a CDU shows us 94 NM. The HSI shows 94. Confirm that the IAS HLD message on the Automatic Flight Annunciator panel changes into MACH HLD Level off at FL360 On the main instrument panel .Aircraft levels off at our cruise altitude.ALTITUDE ALERT message has illuminated.

it’s still a relaxing time. the PF (Pilot Flying) is looking around and sometimes looking on his/her instruments and of course. Unfortunately.30 / March 3. playing around with the INS CDU. B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 49/74 Version 1. 2009 All rights reserved . I’ve added a separate paragraph for more detailed flight handling of the INS CDU’s and the belonging indications. either you enjoy the American landscape or you follow me during the INS lessons. The NPF (Not Pilot Flying) is doing the ATC if needed and hundreds of other things are possible in this Jumbo Jet. So let’s say.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight tutorial Cruise Profile Relax and enjoy Although our cruise lasts for only a few hours.

would give you of course different distance and time values. This is because your actual aircraft position is never the same than the screenshots taken for this tutorial.Let’s start with the DATA selector options. those INS CDU screenshots are no more then a guideline for you to understand what each switch position means. B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 50/74 Version 1. Please remember one thing.In the FROM-TO window we can see that we are flying the leg from WPY PT 6 to 7.3. The following pages will help you with a step-by-step procedure how to use and interpret all the different data selector positions. On the INS CDU . Although this explains the INS CDU in detail. Place the selector in the DIS/TME position. your INS CDU values could slightly differ with the once shown here.8 minutes to go to the next waypoint The moment you do it.8 . waypoints names or abbreviations are used in combination with the FMS CDU. there is not that much difference between the INS and the FMS CDU. One noticeable item is the absence of a visible flight plan or showing a listing of waypoints to come. Also. which tells us that: . Therefore.32NM to go to the next waypoint .30 / March 3. 2009 All rights reserved . Flight tutorial 32 3.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual CDU explanation At CR altitude .It’s time to do some practice with our INS CDU.

B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 51/74 Version 1.XTK refers to Cross Track Distance .LEFT display shows 0.8 N 073’48.1 NM off track.30 / March 3.Real time (current) longitude and latitude position.0a 1l’ INS CDU – Data Selector in XTK/TKE position actual track . according to the INS. 2009 All rights reserved . 42’ 44.Set the DATA selector to POS (position): .Place the DATA selector to XTK/TKE position.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual On the INS CDU (con’t) Flight tutorial .TKE means track angle error desired track 0.RIGHT display shows 1L’ since we fly 1° left of the desired track. In other words. . You can verify this with the FS9/FSX shift+Z command. .0 W 23 Shown latitude/longitude indications are just to give you an idea what’s possible .1NM indication means 0.0R since there’s no distance difference. A 0. we fly on-track.

The current aircraft track over the ground equals 312. while the ground speed.The values for each selector position are more or less self explaining. .TK refers to the current aircraft track . we can focus on the aircraft heading of 312. as calculated by the INS. .Place the DATA selector to HDG/DA position.HDG refers to the current aircraft heading . A rounded HDG value can also be found on the HSI.GS means Ground Speed INS CDU – Data Selector in TK/GS position .5°. B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 52/74 Version 1. 2009 All rights reserved . is 410 knots .Place the DATA selector to TK/GS position.DA means drift angle INS CDU – Data Selector in HDG/DA position . .Since there is currently no drift angle (right hand).4°.30 / March 3.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual On the INS CDU (con’t) Flight tutorial .

Other values could be applicable.30 / March 3.STS. 2009 All rights reserved .With the selector in this position. It shows the track we would like to fly. .DSRTK refers desired track (what you want). .Last but not least.The first LH digit “1” means that the NAV mode is active else it’s a “0”. The others are the MI. which means the INS STATUS. Action & Malfunction codes and the API. .WIND refers to wind velocity (LH) and wind direction (RH) if received. place the DATA selector into the DSRTK/STS position: . it is directly taken from the flight plan.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual On the INS CDU (con’t) Flight tutorial . . INS CDU – Data Selector in DSRTK/STS position . B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 53/74 Version 1. that one we have seen before.Place the DATA selector to WIND position. INS CDU – Data Selector in WIND position .313° is more or less self-explaining. we see that the left hand window shows the wind direction (91°) while the right hand side tells us the wind velocity (18 knots).

the amber ALERT light illuminates till the leg change. 2009 All rights reserved .2 minutes.This screenshot shows us that we’re flying leg 2-3 with 24NM to go and expected overflying the waypoint in 3.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Automatic track leg change On the INS CDU . Flight tutorial 23 .When we have no more then 2 minutes to go to waypoint 3. 23 B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 54/74 Version 1. and when we overfly the waypoint itself the light will go out.30 / March 3.

30 / March 3. 22 34 2.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual On the INS CDU (con’t) Flight tutorial . Waypoint 4 Waypoint 3 B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 55/74 Version 1. 2009 All rights reserved . and will take 2.The moment we fly over waypoint 3.7 - The leg distance to waypoint 4 is 22NM. the INS changes from leg 2-3 to 3-4.7 minutes.

The white light illuminates as well as the INSERT light. . 64 47 7. 2009 All rights reserved .30 / March 3.Select on the CDU keypad the keys that are required to fly leg 4 . It indicates that the waypoint change function is active.1 .7 B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 56/74 Version 1.7.ATC approval allows us to go directly to waypoint 7 from the auto loaded flight plan.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Manual Track leg change On the INS CDU It is possible to command a track leg change from the present position (waypoint 0) to any waypoint or from any waypoint to any other waypoint. Flight tutorial 17 45 2.Assume you’re flying leg 4 to 5. so let’s go for it.Press the WY PT CHG pushbutton. . This is from current waypoint 4 to waypoint 7. . so type 4 7 (see the FROM-TO indicator).

Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight tutorial

On the INS CDU (con’t)

- To activate your change, press the illuminated INSERT pushbutton.

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7.7

- When the INSERT key is pressed – the light extinguishes – and the FROM-TO window shows that we will now follow track leg 4 – 7 - With the data selector in the DIS/TIME position, it shows us the distance and flight time from our current position to waypoint 7.

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Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Entering new waypoints (without INS Flight Plan loader) On the radio panel While we are flying from waypoint 6 to 7 (HANKK to WELTI) and the memory of the INS only offers 9 waypoints, it is time to enter some new waypoints. The last available waypoint in the INS CDU database is VOR YXU. Flight tutorial

YXU

117.20

N43°02.3

W081°08.9

The first 4 waypoints from our initial start KBOS27, ALB, FABEN and AUDIL are no longer necessary, so we can fill the INS CDU with some new waypoints. Those are MONEE, GRUBB, BAE and SIBER, so let’s do that! - Enter MONEE - N43°14.4 W084°27.9 - Press the REMOTE key, - Turn the Data Selector to WAY PT, - Select Waypoint/DME switch to pos. 1

- Before we enter the new waypoint data, you can see that these coordinates belong to waypoint KBOS-27 - Press the following keypad keys: 2 4 3 1 4 4 (button 2 equals N of North) - Press the illuminated INSERT button.

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Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual On the radio panel (con’t) Flight tutorial - Enter MONEE - N43°14.4 W084°27.9 - Press the following keypad keys: 4 8 4 2 7 9 (button 4 equals W of West) - Press the illuminated INSERT button.

- We have now finished replacing the old waypoint 1 (KBOS-27) with the new MONEE. - Next, enter GRUBB - N43°13.5 W085°20.4 - Select Waypoint/DME switch to pos. 2 - Press the following keypad keys: 2 4 3 1 3 5 (button 2 equals N of North) - Press the illuminated INSERT button.

INS CDU – Entering new longitude/latitude position

- Enter GRUBB - N43°13.5 W085°20.4 - Press the following keypad keys: 4 8 5 2 0 4 (button 4 equals W of West) - Press the illuminated INSERT button.

INS CDU – Entered longitude/latitude position

Continue entering the waypoints BAE and SIBER using those two examples. Later, when you’re further on your flight plan, you can enter again new waypoints according to the list on page 30.
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final approach and the landing. 2009 All rights reserved . . an idea of how many NM to go until VOR MVA and OAL is our backup. it’s not always that clear but anyway.Our flight slowly reaches its end.70 for VOR 2 OAL (Coaldale) This will give us. Why. Don’t forget that the INS is still providing lateral navigation..Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight tutorial 100NM or earlier before VOR MVA On the Auto Flight Mode Selector panel: .10 for VOR 1 MVA (Mina) and 117. First we will do some briefing regarding the “LOCKE ONE ARRIVAL” followed by the actual descent. approach.For now. relax.Set 115.30 / March 3. just enjoy the view of the American landscape and clouds below you. we will explain on the next page! . Unfortunately. via the RMI/DME indicators. B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 60/74 Version 1.

that means with a cruise level of 360. Descent rates are as follows: Intended speed Descent Rate Clean Configuration with speed brakes 0. 2009 All rights reserved B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 61/74 .Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight tutorial Descent. a good rule of thumb is that when flying without the FMS CDU and if there’s no ATC available. before TROSE we should be at FL180 and at waypoint GROAN at 8000 feet. 2 Glide Slope. keep in mind that we need 3 miles for every 1000 feet of descent. approach and landing preparations It’s a good time to review our descent.Slow down to VREF at GS 2 capture VSPEEDS can be found at the CDU APPROACH page.180-230 knots while 23 NM out of the airport .000 feet so (17.30 / March 3.70) at FL190.000/1000) x 3 mile equals ≈ 16NM before VOR MVA should start to descent to FL190. In our case. part of the Instrument Landing System (ILS) Version 1. Furthermore. Ok. another descent difference of 17. Proper descent planning is necessary to ensure proper speed and altitude at the arrival point. but looking to the STAR chart. approach and landing at KSFO.250 knots below FL100 at around 30NM out of the airport . plan the descent so that your aircraft is approximately at FL100 / 250 knots and 30 NM from the airport.80/0.85Mach / 300 knots 250 knots VREF 30 + 80knots 2500 FPM 1400 FPM 1100 FPM 5500 FPM 3500 FPM 2400 FPM Generally. Furthermore. it’s good to start the descent 26NM before reaching VOR MOD (Modesto). Overall approach planning with ATC/airport clearance available: . we should be at VOR OAL (Coaldale 117.

Make the following settings: .Set a vertical speed of . she takes care for the lateral navigation while you’re in control for the vertical navigation.5 NM to go.000 feet . That’s the reason of our VOR MOD setting.30 / March 3.60).ATS switch IAS .ATS speed 280 knots Nothing will happen yet! However.If the aircraft speed becomes too high.60) Note: You can set the frequency for VOR 1 MOD also on the radio panel. B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 62/74 Version 1. the single needle (VOR 1) points to MOD while Modesto is showing 141. . when changing the VS. On the main instrument panel Although the INS is still doing all the work.2200 fpm . it is good habit to monitor auto flight behavior.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Descent Profile ≈ 30NM before VOR MVA On the Auto Flight Mode Selector panel: . While the INS is still connected. then the aircraft will descend so here we go …. Flight tutorial Approach VOR OAL and FL190 If everything goes well.Altitude 19. . you should be at or around FL190 before or at VOR OAL (Coaldale). On the RMI/DME indicators. gradually select the speed brakes. 2009 All rights reserved .Set VOR 1 MOD (114. It’s time to monitor our distance to VOR MOD (Modesto 114.

Verify that the annunciator shows NAV LOCK since it confirms that the VOR mode is active.77’.000’) . we have left the INS. Further more weather information can be retrieved from KSFO ATIS 3 on the frequency of 118.1800 fpm .V/S . In this case the AP is connected to follow the signal from VOR (1) MOD. gradually select the speed brakes.L NAV Set mode selector to VOR .30 / March 3.85 .If the aircraft speed becomes too high. which is the current pressure of KSFO. We will switchover to the VOR (VOR 1 MOD) and need to align the HDG bug. .+ 3 Automatic Terminal Information Services Version 1.Altitude 8000 feet .Set the altimeter to 29. .Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual ≈ 60NM before VOR MOD Flight tutorial On the Auto Flight Mode Selector panel: Make the following settings: . This is needed when we changeover to the HDG SEL mode later. . Passing thru FL180 (18.This means while approaching San Francisco.HDG pos Align HDG bug with HSI needle. 2009 All rights reserved B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 63/74 .

000’) Flight tutorial On the Auto Flight Mode Selector panel: Reduce the air speed to 250 knots.NDB in localizer path: 4. Our virtual ATC cleared you for an ILS 28R approach at KSFO.16NM out of VOR MOD: Descend to 6000’ .WING light switch ON Leveling off at FL080 (8000’) You should reach FL080 (8000’) at or around 25 to 30NM before VOR MOD.70 (283°) .8NM out of MM (379. This depends on how much you had to use the speed brakes and your own weather conditions.30 / March 3.Passed VOR MOD: FLAPS 1 (223 knots) . Ok.Select the OUTB and INBD LAND LIGHTS ON . At 53NM out of VOR MOD.ILS 28R KSFO: 111. which is a HDG of 246°.RUNWAY TURNOFF switches ON .40NM out of VOR MOD: FLAPS 10 (183 knots) . This means we need to maintain our current heading.0) Important approach data B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 64/74 Version 1.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Passing thru FL100 (10.Final ILS part: FLAPS 30 (148 knots) .Glide Slope alive: FLAPS 25 (153 knots) GEAR DOWN . here is some data we need for our approach: .30NM out of VOR MOD: FLAPS 5 (203 knots) Descend to 4000’ . On the overhead panel: .Localizer alive: FLAPS 20 (163 knots) . we should get the LOC signal. 2009 All rights reserved .

Dial a HDG of 246° and then place the selector to the HDG position. Verify that the annunciator shows HDG HLD.Dial a VS of -1200 fpm .ARM the speed brakes.Select FLAPS 5 .Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight tutorial Approach Profile ≈ 5NM before VOR MOD On the Auto Flight Mode Selector panel: .60 On the pedestal: .Reduce the IAS to 203 On the pedestal: .and the respective lights on the main instrument panel illuminates. ≈ 40NM after VOR MOD On the Auto Flight Mode Selector panel: .Dial a VS of -1200 fpm . Verify that ARM.80 .30 / March 3.and trailing edge position.Enter a new altitude of 6000’ .Dial at the radio panel: . .Enter the final approach altitude 3000’ . B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 65/74 Version 1.Reduce the IAS to 223 .VOR 1 OAK 116.VOR 2 MOD 114. 2009 All rights reserved .Select FLAPS 1 Check the FLAP indicator for correct leading.

Dial VOR 1 ILS 28R 111. 2009 All rights reserved .Set the AUTO BRAKE switch in position 2 ≈ 45NM after VOR MOD On the Auto Flight Mode Selector panel: . You can see this on the annunciator.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual ≈ 40NM after VOR MOD (con’t) Flight tutorial On the overhead panel: . the annunciator shows LOC (localizer). while at 48-49NM after MOD. On the pedestal: . which is the runway course of 28R Remark: the moment you select a valid ILS frequency.30 / March 3. the GS signal could come alive.Reduce the IAS to 183 .Set NAV selector to NAV 1 and dial 283 in CRS window.7 on the radio panel .Select FLAPS 10 B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 66/74 Version 1.

Detection of the localizer signal results in the extinguishing of the HDG HLD message and is replaced by APR HLD.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight tutorial Final Approach ≈ 50NM after VOR MOD On the Auto Flight Mode Selector panel: .Reduce the IAS to 163 On the pedestal: . 2009 All rights reserved . On the Auto Flight Mode Selector panel: .Select FLAPS 20 LOC (Localizer) signal alive B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 67/74 Version 1. Verify the correct indications on the annunciator panel.Set the mode selector to APR This will arm the ILS localizer/glide slope signal.30 / March 3.

Select GEAR DOWN B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 68/74 Version 1. and the VSI needle.Reduce the IAS to 153 Detection of the available Glide Slope signal is visible on the altimeter and also on the ALTITUDE ALERT legend.Select FLAPS 25 On the main instrument panel: .30 / March 3.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight tutorial GS (Glide Slope) signal (≈ 9. 2009 All rights reserved . On the pedestal: .6NM out) On the Auto Flight Mode Selector panel: .

Select FLAPS 30 B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 69/74 Version 1.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight tutorial At 7.Reduce the IAS to 148 On the pedestal: . 2009 All rights reserved .30 / March 3.3 DME On the Auto Flight Mode Selector panel: .

Disconnect the AP A / B CMD switches .Disconnect ATS switch B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 70/74 Version 1.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight tutorial On final 28R 400’ RA) On the Auto Flight Mode Selector panel: .30 / March 3. 2009 All rights reserved .

Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight tutorial Touchdown and taxi On the pedestal .Select ENGINE REV THR B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 71/74 Version 1.30 / March 3. 2009 All rights reserved .

Disconnect the FD (Flight Director) switch .30 / March 3. On the pedestal: .Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight tutorial Taxi to gate D12 Taxi to your assigned gate via . .Set the TCAS switch OFF On the overhead panel: .Q1 and A.cross-runway 28L .Select FLAPS 0 .Disarm SPEED BRAKE by clicking the ARM legend. Confirm that other lights on the main instrument panel extinguish.Set the AUTOBRAKE selector to OFF .if possible – taxiway Q .Select the RUNWAY TURNOFF lights OFF .Disconnect the ALT HLD switch The green light was already extinguished due to the disconnected AP! B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 72/74 Version 1.Q .Select the LANDING light switches OFF . 2009 All rights reserved .Return the Horizontal Stabilizer to 0 On the radio panel: .Select the STROBE light switch OFF On the Auto Flight Mode Selector panel: .

2009 All rights reserved .Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight tutorial Cockpit Termination Pilot panels Arriving at Gate D12 On the Pedestal: .NACELLE ANTI-ICE switches OFF B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 73/74 Version 1.Set -PARKING BRAKEThis should illuminate the PARKING BRAKE legend as well as the BRAKE light on the Aircraft System Annunciator panel.LEFT/RIGHT PROBE HEATERS OFF If applicable: .LOGO light switch OFF .Main Panel Background light selector OFF . .Select the Engine FUEL LEVERS OFF On the Overhead panel select: .BEACON light switch OFF .INS MSU Mode Selectors OFF .WING light switch OFF .NO SMOKING/FASTEN SEAT BELTS OFF .STORM light switch OFF .NAV light switch OFF .DOME light selector OFF .30 / March 3.EMER LIGHTS switch OFF .WING ANTI-ICE switch OFF .

Select the AVIONICS MASTER switch OFF This will illuminate the amber light .Select the FUEL PUMP switches OFF.Select the AIR PUMP switches OFF . . Select the INST LIGHTS selector OFF Select the CABIN LIGHTS selector OFF . This is not applicable for the CTR WING.Select the ENG PUMP switches OFF This will extinguish the PRESS lights .If applicable.30 / March 3.Select the BATTERY switch OFF Flight tutorial On the HYD panel On the miscellaneous panel On the ELEC panel B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 74/74 Version 1.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Cockpit Termination Flight Engineer (FE) panels On the FUEL panel . 2009 All rights reserved . This will extinguish the applicable PRESS lights.

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...........................WYLYY) – KBOS ...................................................... 14 Credits..................................LOCKE1) ..............Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Table of Contents Chapter Four Appendix.......................................................... 7 Diagrams............. 1 Introduction to navigation .................KSFO....ADF....................................................................KSFO ............................................................................... 3 Radio Navigation – VOR/DME ...................................................................................................... 13 Use of FSNavigator 4.....30 / March 3............................................ 12 ILS RWY 28R (CAT III) – KSFO......................................................................... 8 KBOS (Logan International Airport)......... 6 Flight Management Systems (FMS).................................................................................... 10 LOCKE ONE ARRIVAL (MOD.......................... 11 ILS or LOC RWY 19L ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2009 All rights reserved . 5 Global Positioning System ........................... 15 B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen Version 1................................................ 2 Radio Navigation .............................................................................................................................. 8 WYLYY SIX DEPARTURE (WYLYY6........................... 4 Inertial Navigation System..................................... 1 Pilotage........................... 9 KSFO (San Francisco International Airport)...................................................................................................... 1 Dead Reckoning .......... 1 Simple navigation principles .............................................................7 (FS2004 only)......................

The navigation method used depends on where the pilot is going. This method called pilotage is still in use today. low speed aircraft who compare symbols on aeronautical charts with surface features on the ground in order to navigate. Poor visibility caused by inclement weather can prevent a pilot from seeing the needed landmarks and cause the pilot to become disoriented and navigate off course. Pilotage For a non-instrument rated. The simplest instruments of flight had not been invented.30 / March 3. the type of aircraft being flown. pilots used rivers. the on-board navigation equipment. The type of navigation used by pilots depends on many factors. navigation is a science with sophisticated equipment being standard on most aircraft. the ratings and currency of the pilot and especially the expected weather. The pilotage method of navigation developed naturally through time as aircraft evolved with the ability to travel increasingly longer distances. so pilots flew "by the seat of their pants". In the early days of aviation. Pilotage is mainly used by pilots of small. when the flight is to take off. Bear in mind. B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 1/15 Version 1. single engine airplane around the local area on a clear day. 2009 All rights reserved . private pilot planning to fly VFR (Visual Flight Rules) in a small. however that the flight planning and preflight for such a trip should be as thorough as if the pilot is preparing to fly cross-country. The navigation process for such a local trip would be pilotage. the navigation is simple.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Appendix Appendix Simple navigation principles Introduction to navigation Navigation is the art and science of getting from point "A" to point "B" in the least possible time without losing your way. Today. railroad tracks and other visual references to guide them from place to place. A lack of landmarks when flying over the more remote areas can also cause a pilot to get lost. navigation was mostly an art. Flying at low altitudes. This method has some obvious disadvantages. how long the flight will take.

During this process pilots make use of a flight computer. Appendix B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 2/15 Version 1. Direction is measured by a compass or gyro-compass. The Chinese discovered that a needle with a magnet on one end always pointed the same direction.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Dead Reckoning Is the process of estimating your position by advancing a known position using course." Simply stated. heading and elapsed time. time and course you plan to travel. north. or to check whether another means of navigation is functioning properly. airspeed.30 / March 3. It is based on mathematical calculations to plot a course using the elements of a course line. DR navigation is a method of precluding en route progress based on the direction of travel and the estimated speed since the last known position. In other words figuring out where you will be at a certain time if you hold the speed. A "fix" is a position in the sky reached by an aircraft following a specific route. the airspeed and direction to be flown. time and distance to be traveled. Navigating now by dead reckoning would be used only as a last resort. The estimated time en route (ETE) can be calculated using the flight distance. when the planned flight time is up. fuel consumption. errors build upon errors. At least now they could know what direction they were headed in. distances. For example. course. small airplane pilots. Navigating using known measured and recorded times. the destination should be visible from the cockpit." In truth however. If the pilot reaches that fix at the calculated time. Time is measured on-board by the best means possible and speed is either calculated or measured using on-board equipment. density altitude and many other en route data necessary for navigation. directions and speeds makes it possible for positions or "fixes" to be calculated or solved graphically. So if wind velocity and direction are unknown or incorrectly known. speed. Pilots flying the exact same route regularly can compute the flight time needed to fly from one fix to the next. then the pilot knows the aircraft is on course. If the route is flown at the airspeed planned. This means that the next fix is only as good as the last fix. and if you knew that and you multiplied your speed by your time spent traveling you could deduce your position. The positions or "fixes" are based on the latest known or calculated positions. the term originated with maritime navigation and refers to "reckoning or reasoning (one's position) relative to something stationary or dead in the water. Manual or electronic flight computers are used to calculate time-speed-distance measurements. 2009 All rights reserved . According to popular definition. There are navigation problems associated with dead reckoning. then the aircraft will slowly be blown off course. “Dead" Reckoning (or "Ded" for Deductive Reckoning) is another basic navigational method used by low speed. It wasn't terribly accurate since it relied too much on estimates of speed. dead reckoning is short for "deduced reckoning" or. as the oldtimers used to say "you're dead if you don't reckon right. This is called 'Dead Reckoning' and was used regularly well into this century.

ADF ADF (Automatic Direction Finder) is the oldest radio navigation system still in use. These frequencies are below the standard broadcast band. The needle automatically points to the station. "Homing" means following the needle. 2009 All rights reserved . The ADF indicator has a compass rose and an indicating needle. ADFs have a "HDG" knob where the pilot can dial in the aircraft heading. ADF uses NonDirectional Beacons (NDBs) that are simply AM-radio transmitters operating in the Low and Middle Frequency (L/MF) Band from 190 to 535 kHz. All ADFs can also home in on AM broadcast stations.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Radio Navigation . "Crabbing" to track to the station is more efficient. Appendix B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 3/15 Version 1.30 / March 3. Pilots can listen to the radio and navigate also. Crabbing is a method of flying in which the horizontal axis of the airplane is not parallel to the flight path.

one is constant in all directions. The pilot then flies that heading. the Omni Bearing Selector (OBS) is turned until the CDI is centered with a "to" indication. The farther the aircraft is from the station and the lower the aircraft's altitude. An aircraft could be directly over the DME station at an altitude of 10. The aircraft is on one. an "off" indication is given. When the appropriate VOR frequency is entered into a navigation radio. Slant range is a measure of an aircraft's position relative to the DME station that incorporates the height of the aircraft. the more accurate the distance reading.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Radio Navigation – VOR/DME The VOR (Very high Frequency Omni-directional Range) station transmits two signals. Appendix B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 4/15 Version 1. To find out where the aircraft is located from that station. the CDI will be right or left of the center and either a "to" or a "from" indication will be seen. and the other varies the phase relative to the first signal. The vertical needle called a Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) on the VOR indicator shows whether the aircraft is right or left of the chosen course. DME (Distance Measuring Equipment) as its name states is an electronic device that measures "slant range" from the DME station. If the aircraft is "abeam the station". To fly toward the station. 2009 All rights reserved .30 / March 3.500 feet above ground level (AGL) and the DME would correctly indicate the aircraft is two miles from the station. If a radial is dialed into the VOR indicator. and only one. The VOR receiver senses the phase difference between the two frequencies and the difference identifies 360 different directions or "radials" from the VOR. the VOR indicator connected to that radio is used to find where the aircraft is relative to the VOR station. The heading of the aircraft does not matter. A "To/From/Off" indicator indicates whether the aircraft is on the "to" or "from" side. The system does not provide distance information. radial from the station. its angle from the ground station and its unknown ground range based upon a 90° angle. center the needle with a "from" indication.

or other motion-sensing devices. 2009 All rights reserved . orientation. and a change in its orientation (rotation about an axis). orientation. Appendix B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 5/15 Version 1. An INS can detect a change in its geographic position (a move east or north. The advantage of an INS is that it requires no external references in order to determine its position.). The INS is initially provided with its position and velocity from another source (a human operator. for example). It does this by measuring the linear and angular accelerations applied to the system. An inertial navigation system includes at least a computer and a platform or module containing accelerometers. and thereafter computes its own updated position and velocity by integrating information received from the motion sensors. a GPS satellite receiver.30 / March 3. or velocity once it has been initialized. etc. Since it requires no external reference (after initialization). gyroscopes.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Inertial Navigation System An Inertial Navigation System (INS) is a navigation aid that uses a computer and motion sensors to continuously track the position. a change in its velocity (speed and direction of movement). and velocity (direction and speed of movement) of a moving object without the need for external references. it is immune to jamming and deception.

precise orbital information (the ephemeris). it is used in a few specialized GPS applications such as time transfer and traffic signal timing. Geometric trilateration is used to combine these distances with the location of the satellites to determine the receiver's location. a receiver can determine its position using only three satellites. and the general system health and rough orbits of all GPS satellites (the almanac). It might seem three satellites are enough to solve for position. The position is displayed. perhaps with a moving map display or latitude and longitude. Appendix If one variable is already known (for example. elevation information may be included. a ship or plane may have known elevation). z. fewer apply in special cases. since space has three dimensions. Many GPS units also show derived information such as direction and speed. Each satellite continually transmits messages containing the time the message was sent.30 / March 3. The receiver uses a fourth satellite to solve for x. The receiver measures the transit time of each message and computes the distance to each satellite.the speed at which satellite signals propagate . 2009 All rights reserved .Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Global Positioning System A GPS receiver calculates its position by precisely timing the signals sent by the GPS satellites high above the Earth. However a very small clock error multiplied by the very large speed of light .results in a large positional error. and t which is used to correct the receiver's clock. B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 6/15 Version 1. y. Although four satellites are required for normal operation. calculated from position changes. While most GPS applications use the computed location only and effectively hide the very accurately computed time.

Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Flight Management Systems (FMS) A flight management system is a fundamental part of a modern aircraft in that it controls the navigation. The flight management system (FMS) is the avionics that holds the flight plan, and allows the pilot to modify as required in flight. The FMS uses various sensors to determine the aircraft's position. Given the position and the flight plan, the FMS guides the aircraft along the flight plan. The FMS is normally controlled through a small screen and a keyboard. The FMS sends the flight plan for display on the EFIS, Navigation Display (ND) or MultiFuction Display (MFD). The modern FMS was introduced on the Boeing 767, though earlier navigation computers did exist. Now, FMS exist on aircraft as small as the Cessna 172. In its evolution an FMS has many different sizes, capabilities and controls. However certain characteristics are common to all FMS. Once in flight, a principal task of the FMS is to determine the aircraft's position and the accuracy of that position. Simple FMS use a single sensor, generally GPS in order to determine position. But modern FMS use as many sensors - IRS, VOR/DME - as they can in order to determine and validate exactly their position. Appendix

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Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Appendix

Diagrams
KBOS (Logan International Airport)

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Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual WYLYY SIX DEPARTURE (WYLYY6.WYLYY) – KBOS Appendix

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Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual KSFO (San Francisco International Airport) Appendix B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 10/15 Version 1. 2009 All rights reserved .30 / March 3.

2009 All rights reserved .KSFO Appendix B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 11/15 Version 1.LOCKE1) .30 / March 3.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual LOCKE ONE ARRIVAL (MOD.

2009 All rights reserved .KSFO Appendix B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 12/15 Version 1.30 / March 3.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual ILS or LOC RWY 19L .

Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual ILS RWY 28R (CAT III) – KSFO Appendix B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 13/15 Version 1.30 / March 3. 2009 All rights reserved .

Click in the window the Open button . as an example.Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Use of FSNavigator 4. .Further details of how to use FSNavigator can be found on their website. This program allows you to use many things in relation to the flight plan such as NAV aids.. Call up FSNavigator Start Flight Simulator 2004 Click on the keyboard the F9 key Click Plan on the FSNav menu In the pull down menu.30 / March 3.7. B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 14/15 Version 1.\Flight Simulator 9\Modules\FSNavigator\Plan or in any other position on a local drive of your computer is also OK. aircraft position.7 (FS2004 only) To track the complete flight plan.fsn from the download package and paste it into preferably . The intention of this appendix is to show you how to load the FSNavigator flight plan and to see the actual aircraft position. monitor its behavior. 2009 All rights reserved .Automatically you’ll be guided to the FSNav directory. as shown above in green.Copy the KBOS-KSFO.fsn file . and export functions to other programs etc. as long as you remember where you put it. you can use FSNavigator 4. placing the aircraft to a new point etc.fsn .Select out of the list KBOS-KSFO.On the globe the flight plan is added with all belonging details of this Boeing flight . Location of the KBOS-KSFO. click Open… Appendix .

Commercial Level Simulations Flight Crew Operations Manual Appendix Credits Through this page. 2009 All rights reserved . • Jack Fentress For his help with the English text and the matching descriptions. Paul van Uffelen He was a great help checking the entire flight tutorial. • B747 -200/300/200F Copyright © 2008 Angelique van Campen 15/15 Version 1.30 / March 3. Special feedback was given out of user’s prospective in adding the necessary background information in relation to the implemented Inertial Navigation System (simulated CLS Delco Carousel INS). he always offered me the necessary information. I would like to thank the following people for their great contribution for helping me finalizing this 747-200/300/200F Commercial Level Simulations manual. Jack checked almost every page in detail and whenever something needed to be improved. offering many other suggestions thus improving the overall manual. but above all for his contribution in advising me with user’s point of view as well as the many suggestions.