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TRANSFORMADAS DE LAPLACE

Recopilado y publicado por: Pedro Gonzlez


EJERCICIOS RESUELTOS

1. Transformadas de Laplace por definicin
2. Transformadas de Laplace utilizando teoremas
3. Transformadas inversas
4. Derivada de transformada
5. Teorema de convolucin
6. Ecuaciones diferenciales con condiciones iniciales (transformada)
7. Ecuaciones integrales
8. Ecuaciones integrodiferenciales
9. Circuitos
10. Sistemas de ecuaciones diferenciales(mtodo de la transformada)


TRANSFORMADAS DE LAPLACE POR DEFINICIN:
1) ( ) 1 = T f
L{ } ( )
S S
e
S
e
S
e
dT e
ST
ST
1
1 1
0
0
0
= +

= =

}

2) ( ) T T f =
L{ } ( )
2
0
0
2
0
1
S S
e
S
Te
dT
S
e
S
Te
dT T e T
ST ST ST ST
ST
=
(

= =


} }

S
e
v dT e dv
dT du T u
ST
ST


= =
= =

3) ( )
aT
e T f =
L{ } ( )
( )
( )
a S a S
e
dT e dT e dT e e e
a S T
a S T aT ST aT ST aT

=
(

= = = =


} } }
1
0
0 0 0


TRANSFORMADAS DE LAPLACE UTILIZANDO TEOREMAS:
1) ( ) T T sen T f 2 cos 2 + =
L{ }= + T T sen 2 cos 2 L{ } T sen2 + L{ } T 2 cos =
4 4
2
2 2
+
+
+ S
S
S

2) ( ) 3 6
2
+ = T T T f
L{ }= + 3 6
2
T T L{ }
2
T + 6 L{ } T - 3 L { } 1 =
S S S
3 6 2
2 3
+
3) ( ) ( ) 1 3 3 1
2 3 3
+ + + = + = T T T T T f
L{ } 1 3 3
2 3
+ + + T T T = L{ }
3
T + 3 L{ }
2
T + 3 L{ } T + L{ } 1 =
S S S S
1 3 6 6
2 3 4
+ + +
4) ( ) ( )
T T T
e e e T f
4 2
2
2
2 1 1 + + = + =
L{ }
T T
e e
4 2
2 1 + + = L{ } 1 + 2 L{ }
T
e
2
+ L{ }
T
e
4
=
4
1
2
2 1

+
S S S

5) ( ) ( )
T T T T T T T T
e e e e e e e e T f
5 3 3 5
5
5 10 10 5

+ + = =
L{ }= + +
T T T T T T
e e e e e e
5 3 3 5
5 10 10 5 L{ }
T
e
5
- 5 L{ }
T
e
3
+ 10 L{ }
T
e - 10 L{ }
T
e

+ 5{ }
T
e
3
-
L{ }
T
e
5
=
5
1
3
5
1
10
1
10
3
5
5
1
+

+
+
+

S S S S S S


TRANSFORMADAS DE LAPLACE (1er. TEOREMA DE TRASLACIN):
1) ( ) T e T f
T
2 cos
2
=
L{ }= T e
T
2 cos
2
L{ }
( ) 8 4
2
4 2
2
4
2 cos
2 2
2
2 2
+

=
+

=
+
=


S S
S
S
S
S
S
T
S S
S S

2) ( ) T sen e T f
T
3 =
L{ }= T sen e
T
3 L{ }
( ) 10 2
3
9 1
3
9
3
3
2 2
1
2 1
+
=
+
=
+
=


S S S S
T sen
S S
S S


TRANSFORMADAS INVERSAS:
1)L
-1
=
)
`

3
1
S

! 2
1
L
-1
|
.
|

\
|
3
! 2
S
=
2
2
1
T
2) L
-1
=
)
`

4
1
S

! 3
1
L
-1
|
.
|

\
|
4
! 3
S
=
3
6
1
T
3) L
-1
=
)
`

+
5 2
48 1
S S
L
-1
)
`

2
1
S
+ L
-1
)
`

5
48
S
=
4
2T T +
4) L
-1

|
.
|

\
|

2
3
1 2
S S
= L
-1

)
`

+
6 4 2
1 4 4
S S S
=
! 1
4
L
-1

)
`

2
! 1
S

! 3
4
L
-1
+
)
`

4
! 3
S

! 5
1
L
-1

)
`

6
! 5
S
=
5 3
120
1
3
2
4 T T T +
5) L
-1
( )
)
`

+
4
3
1
S
S
= L
-1
)
`

+ + +
4
2 3
1 3 3
S
S S S
= L
-1
)
`

+ + +
4 3 2
1 3 3 1
S S S S
=
L
-1
)
`

S
1
+ 3 L
-1
)
`

2
1
S
+
! 2
3
L
-1
)
`

3
! 2
S
+
! 3
1
L
-1

)
`

4
! 3
S
=
3 2
6
1
2
3
3 1 T T T + + +
6) L
-1 T
e T
S S S
2
2
1
2
1 1 1
+ =
)
`

+
7) L
-1
)
`

+1 4
1
S
= L
-1
4
1
4
1
4
1
=
)
`

+ S
L
-1
)
`

+
4
1
1
S
=
T
e
4
1
4
1


8) L
-1
=
)
`

2 5
1
S
L
-1
)
`

5
2
5
1
S
=
5
1
L
-1
=
)
`

5
2
1
S

T
e
5
2
5
1

9) L
-1
=
)
`

+ 49
5
2
S

7
5
L
-1
=
)
`

+ 49
7
2
S
T sen7
7
5

10) L
-1
=
)
`

+16
10
2
S
S
10 L
-1
T
S
S
4 cos 10
16
2
=
)
`

+

11) L
-1
)
`

9
6 2
2
S
S
= 2 L
-1
3
6
9
2

)
`

+ S
S
L
-1
T sen T
S
3 2 3 cos 2
9
3
2
=
)
`

+

12) L
-1
( )( )( )
)
`

6 3 2
5
S S S

( )( )( )
( )( ) ( )( ) ( )( )
( ) ( ) ( )
5 6 12 18
0 5 8 9
0
5 6 5 12 8 18 9
5 3 2 6 2 6 3
6 3 2
5
6 3 2
2 2 2
= + +
=
= + +
= + + + + +
= + +

=

C B A
C B A
C B A
S S C S S B S S A
S S C S S B S S A
S S S S
C
S
B
S
A

2
1
= A , 1 = B y
2
1
= C
L
-1
( )( )( )
)
`

6 3 2
5
S S S
=
2
1
L
-1

)
`

2
1
S
L
-1
2
1
3
1
+
)
`

S
L
-1
)
`

6
1
S
=
T T T
e e e
6
2
1
3 2
2
1
+
13) L
-1
( )
)
`

+ 4
1
2
S S

( )
( ) ( )
4
1
4
1
2 2
2
2 2
1 4
0
0
1 4
1 4
4
1
4
= = = =
=
= +
= + + +
= + + +
+
=
+
+
+
A B A A
C
B A
CS BS A AS
S C BS S A
S S S
C BS
S
A


L
-1
( )
)
`

+ 4
1
2
S S
=
4
1
L
-1
4
1 1

)
`

S
L
-1
)
`

+ 4
2
S
S
= T 2 cos
4
1
4
1

14) L
-1
( )( )
)
`

+ + 4 1
1
2 2
S S

( )( )
( )( ) ( )( )
1 4
0 4
0
0
1 4 4
1 1 4
4 1
1
4 1
2 3 2 3
2 2
2 2 2 2
= +
= +
= +
= +
= + + + + + + +
= + + + + +
+ +
=
+
+
+
+
+
D B
C A
D B
C A
D DS CS CS B BS AS AS
S D CS S B AS
S S S
D CS
S
B AS

0 = A ,
3
1
= B , 0 = C y
3
1
= D
L
-1
( )( )
)
`

+ + 4 1
1
2 2
S S
=
3
1
L
-1
2 * 3
1
1
1
2

)
`

+ S
L
-1
T sen senT
S
2
6
1
3
1
4
2
2
=
)
`

+


TRANSFORMADAS INVERSAS (1er. TEOREMA DE TRASLACIN):
1)L
-1

( )
=
)
`

+
3
2
1
S

! 2
1
L
-1 T
S S S S
e T T
S
2 2
2
2
2
3
2
1
2
1 ! 2

+ +
= =
)
`


2) L
-1
=
)
`

+ 10 6
1
2
S S
L
-1
=
)
`

+ + 1 1 10 6
1
2
S S
L
-1
=
)
`

+ + 1 9 6
1
2
S S

L
-1
( )
=
)
`

+ 1 3
1
2
S
L
-1
3
2
1
1

)
`

+
S S
S
= senT e
T 3

3) L
-1
=
)
`

+ + 5 2
1
2
S S
L
-1
=
)
`

+ + + 4 1 2
1
2
S S
L
-1
( )
=
)
`

+ + 4 1
1
2
S
2
1

L
-1

1
2
4
2
+
)
`

+
S S
S
T sen e
T
2
2
1

=
4) L
-1
=
)
`

+ +
+
34 6
5 2
2
S S
S
L
-1
=
)
`

+ + +
+
25 25 34 6
5 2
2
S S
S
L
-1
=
)
`

+ + +
+
25 9 6
5 2
2
S S
S

L
-1
( )
=
)
`

+ +
+ +
25 3
1 1 5 2
2
S
S
L
-1
( )

)
`

+ +
+
25 3
6 2
2
S
S
L
-1
( )
=
)
`

+ + 25 3
1
2
S
2 L
-1
( )
)
`

+ +
+
25 3
3
2
S
S

5
1
L
-1
( )
=
)
`

+ + 25 3
5
2
S
2 L
-1
5
1
25
3
2

)
`

+
+ S S
S
S
L
-1
=
)
`

+
+ 3
2
25
5
S S
S

T sen e T e
T T
5
5
1
5 cos 2
3 3

5) L
-1
( )
)
`

3 2
1
1 2
S S
S

( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
5 3 2 2 3
0 3 3
0 2 3
5 0
1 2 2 3 3 3 3
1 2 1 1 1 1
1
1 2
1 1 1
2 2 3 2 3 4 2 3 2 3 4
2 2 2 2 3 3
3 2 3 2 2
= = = +
= + + + +
= + + +
= = = +
= + + + + + + + + + + + + +
= + + + + + + + +
+

=
+
+
+
+
+
+ +
B A B A
E D C B A
D C B A
C A C C A
S ES DS DS CS CS CS B BS BS BS AS AS AS AS
S ES S DS S CS S B S AS
S S
S
S
E
S
D
S
C
S
B
S
A

1 = B , 4 = D y 3 = E
L
-1
( )
)
`

3 2
1
1 2
S S
S
= L
-1
+
)
`

S
5
L
-1
+
)
`

2
1
S
L
-1
+
)
`

1
5
S
L
-1
( )
! 2
3
1
4
2

)
`

S
L
-1

( )
)
`

+
3
1
! 2
S
=
T T T
e T Te e T


2
2
3
4 5 5

DERIVADA DE TRANSFORMADA:
1)L{ } T T 2 cos = ( )
dS
d
1 L{ } T T 2 cos =( ) ( )
( )
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
+

=
|
.
|

\
|
+

2
2
2 2
2
4
2 4
1
4
1
S
S S
S
S
dS
d

( )
( ) ( )
2
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
1
+

=
|
|
.
|

\
|
+

S
S
S
s

2) L{ } ( )
dS
d
T Tsenh 1 3 = L{ } ( ) ( )
( )
( ) ( )
2
2
2
2
2
9
6
9
2 3
1
9
3
1 3

=
|
|
.
|

\
|

=
|
.
|

\
|

=
S
S
S
S
S dS
d
T senh
3) L{ } ( )
2
2
2 2
1
dS
d
senhT T = L{ } ( )
( )
=
|
|
.
|

\
|

=
|
.
|

\
|

=
2
2
2 2
2
2
1
2
1
1
1
S
S
dS
d
S dS
d
senhT
( )( ) ( )
( )
=

+
2
2
2 2
1
1 8 2 1 2
S
S S S S

( ) ( )
( ) ( )
3
2
2
4
2
2 2
2
2
1
2 6
1
1 8 1 2

+
=

+
S
S
S
S S S


4) L{ } ( )
dS
d
T sen Te
T
1 6
2
= L{ } ( ) = |
.
|

\
|
+
=
2
2
2
36
6
1 6
S S
T
S dS
d
T sen e
( )
( )
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
+

36 2
6
1
2
S
dS
d
( ) ( )
( )
( )
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
+

=
|
.
|

\
|
+

2
2
2
40 4
4 2 6
1
40 4
6
1
S S
S
S S dS
d

( )
2
2
40 4
24 12
+

S S
S

5) L{ } ( )
dS
d
T Te
T
1 3 cos
3
=

L { } ( ) = |
.
|

\
|
+
=
+

3
2
3
9
1 3 cos
S S
T
S
S
dS
d
T e
( )
( )
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
+ +
+

9 3
3
1
2
S
S
dS
d
( ) ( )
( )( )
( )
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
+ +
+ + + +
=
|
.
|

\
|
+ +
+

2
2
2
2
18 6
6 2 3 18 6
1
18 6
3
1
S S
S S S S
S S
S
dS
d

( )
( )
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
+ +
+ +

2
2
2 2
18 6
18 12 2 18 6
1
S S
S S S S

( )
2
2
2
18 6
6
+ +
+
S S
S S

6) L{ } ( )
3
3
3 3
1
dS
d
senhT e T
T
=

L { } ( ) = |
.
|

\
|

=
+

1
2 3
3
1
1
1
S S
T
S dS
d
senhT e
( )
( )
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
+

1 1
1
1
2 3
3
S dS
d
( ) ( )
( )
( )
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
+
=
|
.
|

\
|
+

2
2
2
2
2 3
3
2
2 2 1
1
2
1
1
S S
S
dS
d
S S dS
d

( )
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )( )
( )
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
+ + +

4
2
2
2
2
2
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
1
S S
S S S S S S
dS
d

( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( )
( ) ( ) ( ) | |
( )
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
+ + +
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
+ + +
4
2
2 2 2
4
2
2 2
2
2
2
2 2 2 2 2 2
2
2 2 2 2 2 2
S S
S S S S S
dS
d
S S
S S S S S
dS
d

( )
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( )
=
+
+ + +
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
+

6
2
2
2 2
3
2
3
2
2
2
2 2 2 3 8 12 6 12 12 2
2
8 12 6
S S
S S S S S S S S
S S
S S
dS
d

( ) ( ) ( )( ) | |
( ) ( )
6
2
2 3
6
2
2
2
2
2
36 108 108 36
2
2 2 8 12 6 3 12 12 2
S S
S S S
S S
S S S S S S
+
+ + +
=
+
+ +


TRANSFORMADAS DE LAPLACE (2do. TEOREMA DE TRASLACIN):
1)L ( ) { }
aS
e a T u

= L{ }
S
e
aS
= 1
2) L ( ) { }
S
e T u
2
2 3

= L{ }
S
e
S 2
3
3

=
3) L ( ) { }= a T Tu L ( ) ( ) { }= + a T u a a T L ( ) ( ) { }+ a T u a T L ( ) { }= a T au
aS
e

L{ }+ T
aS
ae

L{ }= 1
S
ae
S
e
aS aS
+
2

4) L ( ) ( ) { }
S
e T u T

= 1 1 L{ }
2
S
e
T
S
=
5) L ( ) { }=

2
2
T u e
T
L
( )
( ) { }
S T
e T u e
2 2
2

= L{ }
1
2
+
=

S
e
e
S
T

6) L ( ) ( ) { }= + 3 1 3 T u T L ( ) ( ) { }= + + 3 10 10 1 3 T u T L ( ) ( ) { }= + 3 10 9 3 T u T
3 L ( ) ( ) { } 10 3 3 + T u T L ( ) { }= 3 T u
S
e
3
3

L{ }
S
e T
3
10

+ L{ }
S
e
S
e
S S 3
2
3
10 3
1

+ =
7) L ( ) { }=

5
5
T u Te
T
L ( ) ( ) { }= +

5 5 5
5
T u e T
T
L ( ) ( ) { }+

5 5
5
T u e T
T

L ( ) { }=

5 5
5
T u e
T

S
e
5
L{ }
S T
e Te
5
5

+ L{ }
( )
1
5
1
5
2
5

=

S
e
S
e
e
S S
T

8) L ( ) ( ) { }
S T
e T u e T

= 1 1
1 3
L{ }
( )
4
3
1
6

=

S
e
e T
S
T


TRANSFORMADAS INVERSAS (2do. TEOREMA DE TRASLACIN):
1)L
-1
=
)
`


3
2
S
e
S
L
-1
! 2
1 1
2
3
=
)
`

S
e
S
L
-1
( ) = = =
)
`


2
2
1
2
1 ! 2
2 2 2 2
3
T u T e T e
S
S S

( ) ( ) 2 2
2
1
2
T u T
2) L
-1
( )
=

+
+

2
1
2
2
S
e
S
L
-1
)
`

+
+ +

2
2 1
4 2
S
e e
S S
= L
-1
2
2
1
+
)
`

+ S
L
-1
+
)
`

+
S
e
S
2
2
1

L
-1
=
)
`

+
S
e
S
4
2
1
( ) ( ) = + +

4 2 2
2 2 2
T u e T u e e
T T T

( )
( )
( )
( ) 4 2 2
4 2 2 2 2
+ +

T u e T u e e
T T T

3) L
-1
( )
)
`

1 S S
e
S
= L
-1
( )
S
e
S S

)
`

+1
1

( )
( )
1 1
1 1
1
1
1
= =
= + +
+
=
+
+
B A
BS S A
S S S
B
S
A

L
-1
( )
S
e
S S

)
`

+1
1
= L
-1

)
`

S
e
S
1
L
-1
( )
( )
( ) 1 1
1
1
1
=
)
`

+

T u e T u e
S
T S

4) L
-1
( )
=
)
`

1
2
2
S S
e
S
L
-1
( )
S
e
S S
2
2
1
1

)
`


( )
( ) ( )
1 1 1
0
0
1
1 1 1
1
1
1
2 2
2
2 2
= = =
= +
= +
= + +
= + +

=

+ +
C A B
B A
C A
CS B BS AS AS
CS S B S AS
S S S
C
S
B
S
A

L
-1
( )
S
e
S S
2
2
1
1

)
`

= L
-1
( ) ( ) = + =
)
`


2 1
1
1 1 1
2
2
T u e T e
S S S
T S

( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 2 2 2 2
2
+

T u e T u T T u
T


TEOREMA DE CONVOLUCIN:
1)L ( ) { }
}

T
o
d T sen e t t
t

senT T g
e T f
T
=
=
) (
) (

L ( ) { }=
}
T
o
d T sen e t t
t
L{ }
T
e L{ }
|
.
|

\
|
+
|
.
|

\
|

=
1
1
1
1
2
S S
senT
2) L
-1
( )( )
=
)
`

+ 4 1
1
S S
L
-1
)
`

1
1
S
L
-1
( )( )
( )
= = =
)
`

+

}
t
t t
d e e e e
S
T
T
T T 4
0
4
4
1
=

}
t
t t
d e e e
T
T
4 4
0

=
|
|
.
|

\
|
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
=

}
5
1
5 5
5
4
0
5
4
0
5 4
T
T
T
T
T
T
e
e
e
e d e e
t
t
t
5 5
4T T
e e


3) L
-1
( )( )
=
)
`

+ 2 1
1
S S
L
-1
)
`

+1
1
S
L
-1
( )( )
( )
= = =
)
`


}
t
t t
d e e e e
S
T
T
T T 2
0
2
2
1

=
|
|
.
|

\
|
+

=
|
|
.
|

\
|

= =


} }
3
1
3 3
3
2
0
3
2
0
3 2 2 2
0
T
T
T
T
T
T T
T
e
e
e
e d e e d e e e
t
t t t
t t
3 3
2T T
e e
+


4) L
-1
( )
=
)
`

+
2
1
1
S
L
-1
)
`

+1
1
S
L
-1
)
`

+1
1
S
= ( )( )
( )
= =

}
t
t t
d e e e e
T
T
T T
0

( )
T
T
T
T
T T
T
Te e d e d e e e

= = =
} } 0
0 0
t t t
t t

5) L
-1
( )
=

+
2
2
4 S
S
L
-1
)
`

+ 4
2
S
S
L
-1
( ) = |
.
|

\
|
=
)
`

+
T sen T
S
2
2
1
2 cos
4
1
2

( ) ( ) =
}
t t t d T sen
T
0
2 2
2
1
2 cos ( ) =
}
t t t t d Tsen T sen
T
2 2 cos 2 cos 2 2 cos
2
1
0

} }
=
T T
d Tsen d T sen
0 0
2
2 cos 2 2 cos
2
1
2 cos 2
2
1
t t t t t |
.
|

\
| +
}
t
t
d T sen
T
0
2
4 cos 1
2
2
1

}
= |
.
|

\
|
T
d sen T
0
4
2
1
2 cos
2
1
t t
} } }
= +
T T T
d sen T d T sen d T sen
0 0 0
4 2 cos
4
1
4 cos 2
4
1
2
4
1
t t t t t
( ) = |
.
|

\
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
T
o
T
T
T sen T sen T sen t t t 4 cos
4
1
2 cos
4
1
4
4
1
2
4
1
2
4
1
0
0

( ) ( )
T Tsen
T T T T Tsen T T T T Tsen sen T Tsen
2
4
1
2 cos 2 4 cos 2 2 cos 4 cos 2 cos 4 2 2
16
1
4
1
16
1
16
1
16
1
4
1
= + = + +


ECUACIONES DIFERENCIALES CON CONDICIONES INICIALES (TRANSFORMADA):
1) 1 = ' y y ( ) 0 0 = y
( ) =
s s
y y Sy 0 L{ } 1
( )
( ) 1
1 1
1

= =
S S
y
S
S y
s s

( )
( )
1 1
1 1
1
1
1
= =
= +

=

+
B A
BS S A
S S S
B
S
A

( ) = T y L
-1
+
)
`

S
1
L
-1

T
e
S
+ =
)
`

1
1
1

2) T y y = + ' 2 ( ) 1 0 = y
( ) = +
s s
y y Sy 2 0 L{ } T
( )
( )
( )
( ) ( )
4
3
4
1
2
1
2 2 2
2 2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
1 2
0 2
1
1 2 2
1 2 2
2
1
2
2
1
1
1
2
1
2 1
= = = =
= +
= +
= + + + +
= + + + +
+

=
+
+ +
+

= = +
= + +
C A B B
B A
C A
S CS B BS AS AS
S CS S B S AS
S S
s
S
C
S
B
S
A
S S
s
y
S
S y
S
y Sy
s s
s s

( )
4
1
= T y L
-1

2
1
1
+
)
`

S
L
-1

4
3
2
1

)
`

S
L
-1

T
e T
S
2
4
3
2
1
4
1
2
1

+

=
)
`

+

3)
T
e T y y y
2 3
4 4 = + ' ' ' ( ) 0 0 = y , ( ) 0 0 = ' y
( ) ( ) ( ) = + '
s s s
y y Sy y Sy y S 4 0 4 4 0 0
2
L{ }
T
e T
2 3

( )
( )( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
6 4 2 4 2
4
2
2
6
2 2
6
2 4 4
6
2
6
4 4

=

=
+
=

= +
S S S S S S
y
S
y Sy y S
s
s s s

( )
! 5
6
= T y L
-1

T
S S
e T
S
2 5
2
6
20
1 ! 5
=
)
`



4) ( ) T f y y = + ' ( ) 0 0 = y , ( ) ( ) 1 5 = T u T f
( ) = +
s s
y y Sy 0 L ( ) { } 1 5 T u
( )
( ) ( )
( )
5 , 5
1
5
1
1
5
1
5
5
1
= =
+
=
+
+
+
=
+
=
= +

B A
S S S
B
S
A
e
S S S S
e
y
S
e
S y
S
S
s
S
s

( ) 5 = T y L
-1
5
1

)
`

S
e
S
L
-1
( ) ( ) = =
)
`

+

1 5 1 5
1
1
T u e T u e
S
T S

( )
( )
( ) 1 5 1 5
1


T u e T u
T


5) ( ) T f y y = + ' ' 4 ( ) 0 0 = y , ( ) 1 0 = ' y , ( ) ( ) 1 1 = T u T
( ) ( ) = + '
s s
y y Sy y S 4 0 0
2
L ( ) { } 1 1 T u
( )
( ) ( )
( ) 4
1
4
1
4 4
1
1
1
4
1
4 1
2 2
2 2
2
2
+
=
+
+
+

+
=
= +
= + +

S S S
C BS
S
A
S S
e
S S
y
S
e
S
S y
S
e
S
y y S
S
S
S
S
S
s s

4
1
= A ,
4
1
= B y 0 = C
( )
4
1
= T y L
-1
4
1 1

)
`

S
L
-1
4
1
4
2

)
`

+ S
S
L
-1
4
1 1

)
`

S
e
S
L
-1
2
1
4
2

)
`

+
S
e
S
S
L
-1

)
`

+ 4
2
2
S

( ) ( ) ( ) T sen T u T T u T 2
2
1
1 1 2 cos
4
1
1
4
1
2 cos
4
1
4
1
+ =

6)
( )
0
4
= y y ( ) 1 0 = y , ( ) 0 0 = ' y , ( ) 1 0 = ' ' y , ( ) 0 0 = ' ' ' y
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )( ) 1 1 1
1
1
1
1
0
0 0 0 0 0
2 2 2
2
4
2
3 4
3 4
2 3 4
+
=
+

=

=
=
= +
= ' ' ' ' ' '
S
S
S S
S S
S
S S
y
S S S y
y S S y S
y y y S y S y S y S
S
S
s s
S s

( ) = T y L
-1
T
S
S
cos
1
2
=
)
`

+


ECUACIONES INTEGRALES:
1) ( ) ( ) ( ) T d f T T f
T
= +
}
t t t
0

L ( ) { } T f + L ( ) ( ) { }=
}
t t t d f T
T
0
L{ } T
( )
( )
( )
2 2
2 2
1 1
1
1
S S
S F
S S
S F
S F
=
|
.
|

\
|
+
= +
( )
( ) 1
1
1
2 2 2
2
+
=
+
=
S S S
S
S F ( ) = T y L
-1
senT
S
=
)
`

+1
1
2

2)
( ) ( )
}
=
T
d t f sen T T f
0
4 2 t t t

( ) ( )
( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( )
( )
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 5 5
2 2 5 5
5
2 2
5
5
2 2 2
1
5
1
4 1
2
1
4
1
1
1
4
2
2 2 3 2 3
2 2 2 2
2 2
2
2 2
2 2
2
2 2
2
2
2
2 2
2 2
+ = + + + + +
+ = + + + + +
+
+
=
+
+
+ +
+
+
= =
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
+
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
+ +
= |
.
|

\
|
+
+
|
.
|

\
|
+
=
S DS CS B BS AS AS
S S D CS S B S AS
S S
S
S
D CS
S
B
S
A
S S
S
S F
S S
S
S F
S
S
S F
S S
S F
S F
S S
S F

5
8
5
2
2 5
0 0 0 5
2
0
= = =
= = =
= +
= +
D B B
C A A
D B
B A

( )
5
2
= T y L
-1
5 5
8 1
2
+
)
`

S
L
-1
T sen T
S
5
5 5
8
5
2
5
5
2
+ =
)
`

+


3)
( ) ( ) ( ) senT e d T s c d f T f
T
T
+ = +

}
4 0 2
0
t t t t

( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
( )( ) ( )( ) ( ) ( )
2 3
2
2 2
2
2
2
2 2
2
2 2
2
2 2
1
1
1
4 4
1 1
1
1 1
1 4
1
1
1
4
1
1
1
1
1
4
1
1 2
1
1
1
4
1
2
+
+
+
+
=
+ +
+
+
+ +
+
=
+
+
+
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
+

+
+
+
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
+ +
+
+
+
= |
.
|

\
|
+
+
S S
S
S S
S
S S
S
S F
S S S
S
S F
S S S
S S
S F
S S S
S
S F S F



( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( )
8 , 8 , 4
4 4 1 1
1
4 4
1 1
1
2 2
3
2
3 2
= = =
+ = + + + +
+
+
=
+
+
+
+
+
C B A
S C S B S A
S
S
S
C
S
B
S
A

( ) = T f L
-1

)
`

+1
4
'
S
L
-1
( )
+
)
`

+
2
1
8
S
L
-1
( )
+
)
`

+
3
1
8
S
L
-1
( )
=
)
`

+
2
1
1
S

L
1 T T T T
Te e T Te e

+
2
4 8 4

ECUACIONES INTEGRODIFERENCIALES:
1) ( ) ( ) 1 9 6
0
= + +
}
T
d y T y
dT
dy
t t ( ) 0 0 = y
( )
( ) ( )
2 2
3
1
9 6
1 9
6
1
9 6 0
+
=
+ +
= = |
.
|

\
|
+ +
= + +
S S S S
S
y
S S
S y
S S
y
y y Sy
s s
s
s s

( ) = T y L
-1

( )
T
Te
S
3
2
3
1

=
)
`

+

2) ( ) t t
}
= '
T
d y senT y
0
1 ( ) 0 0 = y
( )
( )
2
2
2 2
2
1
1
1
1
1 1 1
1
1 1
0
+

+
=
+
= |
.
|

\
|
+

+
=
S
S
S
y
S S S
S y
S
y
S S
y Sy
s s
s
s

( ) TsenT senT T y
2
1
=

CIRCUITOS:
1)Determine la corriente I(T) de un circuito LRC en serie, cuando L = 0.005 henrios, R =1O y C = 0.02
faradios.
( ) ( ) | | 1 1 100 = T u T E ( ) 0 0 = I


( ) ( ) | |
( ) ( ) | |
( ) ( )
( )
|
|
.
|

\
|
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
+

|
|
.
|

\
|
=
|
|
.
|

\
| + +
|
|
.
|

\
|
= + +
|
|
.
|

\
|
= + +
= + +
= + +

}
}
S
e
S
S
I
S
e
S S
S S
I
S
e
S S
I
I SI
S
e
S S
I
I I SI
T u d I I
dT
dI
T u d I
C
RI
dT
dI
L
S
s
S
s
S
s
s s
S
s
s s
T
o
T
o
1
20000
100 1
20000
10000 200
1
20000
10000
200
1
100
50
0 05 . 0
1 1 100
02 . 0
1
05 . 0
1 1 100
1
2 2
t t
t t

( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( )
( ) 1 1 20000 20000 20000 20000
100
20000
100
20000 1
100
20000
1 100 100 100 100
2 2 2
= =
+

+
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
=


T u e T Te e Te Te T I
S
e
S
S
e
S
S
I
T T S T T
S S
s


2)Use la transformada de Laplace para determinar la carga en un capacitor de un circuito en serie (RC)
cuando ( ) 0 0 = q , R = 2.5O, C = 0.08 faradios y E(T) = 5u(T-3).
( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
5
2
5
2
3 3
3
2 5
5
2
5
5
2 5
5 5 . 2
5
5 . 12 0 5 . 2 3 5 5 . 12 5 . 2
1

= = = + +
+
=
+
+
+
= = +
= + = + '
= +
B A BS A AS
S S S
B
S
A
S S
e
q
S
e
S q
S
e
q q Sq T u q q
T E q
c dT
dq
R
S
s
S
s
S
s s

( )
5
2
= T q L
-1
5
2 1
3

)
`

S
e
S
L
-1 S
e
S
3
5
1

)
`

+
= ( )
( )
( ) 3
5
2
3
5
2
3 5


T u e T u
T


3)Aplique la transformada de Laplace para hallar la carga q(T). En el capacitor de un circuito RC en
serie cuando ( ) 0 0 = q , R = 50O, C = 0.01 faradios y E(T) = 50u(T-1)-50u(T-3).
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( )
2
1
2
1
3
3
1 2
2
1
2
2 2
50 50
100 0 50
3 50 1 50
01 . 0
1
50



= = = + +
+
=
+
+
+

+
=
= +
= +
B A BS A AS
S S S
B
S
A
S S
e
S S
e
q
S
e
S
e
q q Sq
T u T u q
dT
dq
S S
s
S S
s s

( )
( ) ( )
( )
( ) ( )
( )
( ) 3
2
1
3
2
1
1
2
1
1
2
1
2
1
2
1 1
2
1
2
1
2
1 1
2
1
3 2 1 2
3 3
+ =
)
`

+
+
)
`

)
`

)
`

=


T u e T u T u e T u T q
e
S
e
S
e
S
e
S
T q
T T
S S S S


SISTEMAS DE ECUACIONES DIFERENCIALES(MTODO DE LA TRANSFORMADA):
1)
x
dT
dy
y x
dT
dx
2 =
+ =

( )
( ) 1 0
0 0
=
=
y
x

)
`

= '
+ = '
x y
y x x
2
( )
( ) 0 2 0
0 0
=
= +
s s
s s s
x y Sy
y x x Sx

( )
( )
( ) ( )
4
9
2
2
1
4
9
4
9
2 2
2
2
1
2
1
2
1
1 2
2 1 0 2 1 0 2 1
0
+
=
+ +
=
+
= = +
+ = = + =
+ = = +
S S S S S
x S S x
x Sx x S x x Sx S x Sy
x Sx y y x Sx
s s
s s s s s s s s
s s s s s s

( ) T senh e
S
T x
T
S S
2
3
3
2
3
2
2
1
2
1 4
9
2
2
3

+
=
)
`

=
( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( ) T senh e T senh e T e T y
S S S
S
S S
S
y
S S
S x Sx y
T T T
s
s x s
2
3
3
2
2
3
4
3
2
3
cosh
1 1
1 1
2
1
2
1
2
1
4
9
2
2
1
4
9
2
2
1
2
1
4
9
2
2
1
2
1
4
9
2
2
1
4
9
2
2
1
2
1
2
1
4
9
2
2
1
4
9
2
2
1

+ =
+ +

+
+
=
+
+
+
+
=
+
+
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
= + =


R/ ( ) T senh e T x
T
2
3
3
2
2
1

= y
( ) T senh e T senh e T e T y
T T T
2
3
3
2
2
3
4
3
2
3
cosh
2
1
2
1
2
1

+ =

2)
y x
dT
dy
y x
dT
dx
=
=
5
2

( )
( ) 2 0
1 0
=
=
y
x

)
`

= '
= '
y x y
y x x
5
2 ( )
( )

)
`

=
=
s s s
s s s
y x y Sy
y x x Sx
5 0
2 0

)
`

=
= +
s s s
s s s
y x Sy
y x Sx
5 2
2 1
2 5
1 2
= +
= +
s s s
s s s
x y Sy
y x Sx

( ) | |( )
( ) | |( )

)
`

= + +
= +
1 2 1 5
5 1 2 1
S S y x
y S x
s s
s s
( )
( ) ( )( ) ( )
( )( )
( )
( )
( ) T sen T T y
S S
S
y
S S y
S S y
S S S y y
S S S y S x
y S x
s
s
s
s s
s s
s s
3
3
7
3 cos 2
9
7
9
2
7 2 9
7 2 1 10
2 2 5 1 1 10
1 2 1 1 1 5
5 10 1 5
2 2
2
2
=
+

+
=
= +
= +
+ = + +
= + +
= +

( ) | |( )
( ) | |( )

)
`

= + +
+ = +
2 2 1 5
1 1 2 1
S y x
S y S x
s s
s s
( )
( )( ) ( ) ( )
( )( ) ( )
( )
( ) T sen T T x
S S
S
x
S S x
S x S S x
S S y S S x
S y x
s
s
s s
s s
s s
3
3
5
3 cos
9
5
9
5 10 1
4 1 1 10 1 1
1 1 1 2 1 1
4 1 2 10
2 2
2
=
+

=
= +
+ = + +
+ = + + +
= +

R/ ( ) T sen T T y 3
3
7
3 cos 2 =
( ) T sen T T x 3
3
5
3 cos =