CONTENTS

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Welding Inspection Handbook
Contents 1
Section
Subject
1
SOCKET WELDS
2
MEASUREMENT OF FILLET WELDS
3
USE OF INSPECTION GAGES
4
GROOVE WELDS, AWS D1.1 (PIPE AND PLATE)
5
WELDING SYMBOLS (AWS A2.4)
6
VISUAL AND NDE ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA (AWS D1.1)
7
VISUAL AND NDE ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA (ASME/ANSI)
8
CODE REQUIRED NDE
9
DEFECTS
10
REPAIR OF WELD DEFECTS
11
BASE METAL REPAIR BY WELDING
12
WELDING PROCESSES
13
PREHEAT/INTERPASS TEMPERATURES
14
POSTWELD HEAT TREATMENT (PWHT)
15
PREQUALIFIED WELD JOINTS (AWS D1.1)
16
SKEWED T-JOINTS
17
PROCEDURE/WELDER QUALIFICATION (AWS D1.1)
18
PROCEDURE/WELDER QUALIFICATION (ASME SECTION IX)
19
CHARTS
20
TERMS AND DEFINITION

....................................1................... 1-1 1........4..docWelding Inspection Handbook 1-0 Page 1................1...................... 1-3 1........2 Flanges...........................................................3................................................................ 1-3 1............3................................................................... 1-1 1.................1 Welding Requirements...... 1-3 1.....................Section 1 Socket Welds \\houw33883\sstaffor$\temporary\welding inspection\chapter01....................................1 Fittings.........1 ASME B31.....................1.........2 ASME B31.................................................4 AWS D1................................1...................3 ASME SECTION III.................. 1- ....................................................1..............................................................................................1 No Requirements in AWS D1.. 1-2 1.... 1-2 1...............................

4. there shall be a distance of approximately 1/16 inch between the butting ends ofthe pipe or tube.4 (C)Minimum Welding Dimensions Required for Socket Welding Components Other Then Flange 1. the minimum welding dimensions are shown below. Figure 127.Section 1 Socket Welds \\houw33883\sstaffor$\temporary\welding inspection\chapter01. the pipe or tube shall be inserted into the socket to themaximum depth and then withdrawn approximately 1/16 inch from contact between the end of thepipe and the shoulder of the socket [See Figs 127. [127.1 In the assembly of the joint before welding.3 (E)] 1.1.1 Fittings For socket welded fittin gs. The fit between the socket and the pipe shall conform to applicable standards for socket weld fittings and in no case shall the inside diameter of the socket or sleeve exceed the outside diameter of the pipe or tube by more than 0.2 Flanges .080 in.1.4 (B) and (C)].4.1 ASME B31.In sleeve type joints withoutinternal shoulder.docWelding Inspection Handbook 1-1 1.

the weld shall be at the hub. 122.5.(2)Refer to Para. Figure 127. (328.2 ASME B31.4 (B)Welding Details for Slip-On and Socket-Welding Flanges.5.2(a) If slip-on flanges are single welded.Typical welding details for slip-on and socket-welding flanges are shown belowNotes: (1)Refer to Para. 328.2B. minimum welding dimensions for other socket welding components are shown in Fig. 104.4.5.5.2C.1.1 (H) for limitations of use. Some Acceptable Types of Flange Attachment Welds 1.1 (F) for limitations of use.2(b) .5.1 for limitations of use.(3)Refer to Para.1.3 Typical weld details for slip-on and socket weld flanges are shown in Figure 328. 122.(328.

2CMinimum Welding Dimensions for Socket Welding Components Other Than Flanges 1.3 ASME SECTION III 1.1.4.5.Welds \\houw33883\sstaffor$\temporary\welding inspection\chapter01.1 1. except that for flange-to-pipe socket weld requirements. the method used for calculation for determining socket weld size is the same. . the following apply.1 and ASME Section III are the same.(NX-4427) (Figure NX-4427-1) 1.Also.1No Requirements in AWS D1.1 Welding Requirements Illustrations concerning socket welds for ASME/ANSI-B31.4 AWS D.docWelding Inspection Handbook 1-3 Figure 328.3.

.. 2-3 2........1...........................6)............................ 2-5 2................................................................ 2-3 2.........................4 ASME/ANSI B31..............2 Size of Fillet Welds...............................3 ASME SECTION III..................................................... 2-4 2.....................................................1................................................................ 2-7 2.1................. 2-7 2..2..........11 Undersized Fillet Welds (Buildings)......1..........................................12 Stud Welding (Manual) Fillet Weld Size................1.................................1.......................1 Fillet Welds..............2 Effective Throat............................................................1..........................................................ection 2 Measurement of Fillet Welds \\houw33883\sstaffor$\temporary\welding inspection\chapter02................8 Faying Surfaces.................................. 2-9 2........................1...1................................ 2-8 2....................2 ASME/ANSI B31..2 Attachments to Piping after Hydro........1...........................5 Maximum Size Along Edges..1.........13 Skewed T-Joints........................................................1 AWS D1...................................................................................... 2-9 2........................................ 2-7 2....................................4.... 2-2 2...... 2-3 2......... 2-1 2........... 2-8 2...................................................................................4 Minimum Size....................... 2-4 2.3......................docWelding Inspection Handbook 2-0 Page 2................................10 Gaps for Tubular Structures....1 Effective Length.....................1......................................................3.............................................6 Minimum Length....9 Fillet Weld Profiles (AWS 3.......2............... 2-6 2....... ............................... 2-7 2......................................................................1............. 2-1 2............3.........................................7 Gaps Between Members.........1 Fillet Welds.......................3 Theoretical Throat.......... 2-1 2................................................................................1 Fillet Weld Size............................. 2-6 2.............1................ 2-6 2..................................1.............................................................

............2-9 2.....4. 2-11 2.....3 Reinforcing Pad or Saddle....2.......1 2..... 2-12 Section 2 Measurement of Fillet Welds \\houw33883\sstaffor$\temporary\welding inspection\chapter02.............. the theoretical throat should be used....docWelding Inspection Handbook 2-1 2...1 AWS D1.......................1 Effective Length The effective length of a fillet weld is the overall length of the full-size fillet..1. 8...2 Welded Branch Connections...... provided the weld is full size throughout its length.....1............15....... including craters..........4........ 2-11 2..(AWS-2....4) For the purpose of measuring fillet welds.1........................ No reduction of weld length is necessary for starts or craters. ...................2.. including end returns.......4 Nomenclature and Symbols.......2 Effective Throat The effective throat is the shortest distance from the root of the joint to its face...3) 2...3.....4..1...3.......(2......................

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