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place. Those are fear, revenge, and purification. The Rwanda genocide was the mass killing of Tutsi people done by the Hutu. One reason why this was done was because the Hutu feared the Tutsi. The Tutsi were the elite and wealthy, while the Hutu were seen more as the public masses and ordinary people. As explained in the movie in class, The Hutus feared the possibility of Tutsi's returning to power and as such, (the Hutu) used the media to try to create widespread fear of the Tutsi among the masses. This motivated the public against the Tutsi which snowballed into the mass killings. Even during the acts of killing itself, fear was still a motivating factor for those Hutu who did not necessarily want to kill the Tutsi. For the hesitant Hutu, as explained in Why Not Kill Them All? "the punishment for lack of enthusiasm in killing the enemy is likely to be death for the deviate and perhaps death extending to the deviate’s family." (65) This fear of punishment is what perpetuated the killings among the Hutu. Revenge was also a major factor that motivated the Hutu's actions. The Hutu and Tutsi have a long history filled with much tension and strife. The Hutu had previously been at the receiving end of much oppression. Chirot and McCauley explain the "Hutu violence toward Tutsis has been described as a reaction to the shame and humiliation inflicted by years of Tutsi overlordship." (78) The Hutu felt humiliated by the Tutsi as even the name Hutu (which the Tutsi gave to them) comes from a Kihamite word meaning "servant." Revenge for their history and the humiliation they endured was a major factor for the Hutu that fueled their killings and hate. A third motivation to the Rwanda genocide was purification. The Hutu wanted to eradicate the Tutsi as a people. There was disgust present in the Hutu's feelings as "Tutsis had been described as cockroaches." (80) As explained earlier, the Hutu used the media and radio broadcastings to incite fear and these feelings of purification of the Tutsi people. One particular example the movie gave was the Hutu Ten Commandments. This tried to further separate the Tutsi from the Hutu and told the Hutu to no longer show mercy towards the Tutsi. By controlling the media, the Hutu instilled widespread feelings of fear, revenge, and purification into the minds of the masses, which inevitably caused the Rwanda Genocide.