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What is the probability of drawing two queens? There are 4 queens out of 52, so the the probability of drawing one on the first draw is 4/52 = 1/13. On the second draw there are 3 queens and 51 cards left, so the prob for the second draw is 3/51 = 1/17. So, just multiply those two, and that is a prob of 1/221

2. What is the probability that one throw of two dice (one red and one green) will result in a sum of 10? The total number of possibilities is 36 because there are 6 sides per die and 6 * 6 is 36. The possible combos of dice that add up to ten are: die 1 die 2 4 6 5 5 6 4 So 3/36 = 1/12 is the prob

3. A bag contains 3 white marbles and 2 black marbles. Two marbles are drawn from the bag with the first marble not being returned to the bag for the second drawing. What is the probability of getting 1 white marble and 1 black marble? There are 5 marbles total On the first draw, there is 3/5 chance of getting a white. On the second draw there are 4 marbles left, and there is a 1/2 chance of getting a black since there are only 2 whites and 2 blacks left. So 1/2 * 3/5 = 3/10 chance

4. A committee of 4 is to be picked from 6 men and 4 women. What is the probabilty that half of the commitee will be made up of women? For each member chosen, there is a 4/10 or 2/5 chance that the person will be female. So for four people, we have 2/5 * 4 = 8/5 of those people are female. For two of those people to be female, we take 8/5 divided by 2, which is 8/10 or 4/5 chance that 2 of them will be female

5. In tossing one die, what is the probability that you will get a six on the first toss, not a six in the second toss, and not a six on the third toss? first toss: 1/6 chance second toss: 5/6 chance third: 5/6 chance 1/6 * 5/6 * 5/6 = 25/216

6. A coin is tossed 3 times. What is the robability of getting: (a) 3 heads (b) 2 heads, 1 tail (c) 1 head, 2 tails, (d) 3 tails?

there is exactly a 1/2 chance of getting either a head or a tail for each toss. There are 6 red balls and 9 blue balls in a box. a) 3 heads = 1/8 chance b) 2 heads. so prob is 2/36 = 1/18 B)Possible combos where sum is even: Die 1 Die 2 1 1 1 3 1 5 2 2 2 4 2 6 3 1 3 3 3 5 . (a) if the first ball is replaced before the second ball is drawn. and you toss the coin three times. Since there are 2 sides. second try = 5/14 6/15 * 5/14 = 1/7 8. 1 tail = 3/8 c) 1 head. Here are the outcomes: 1st try 2nd try 3rd try H H H H H T H T H H T T T H H T H T T T H T T T So. these combos all add up to 8/8. 2 tails = 3/8 d) 3 tails = 1/8 As you can see. what is the probability of drawing 2 red balls? Total balls = 15 a) first try: 6/15. second try: 6/15 6/15 * 6/15 = 4/25 b) first try = 6/15. what is the probability of drawing 2 red balls? (b) If the first ball is not replaced before the second ball is drawn. 7.Two dice (one green and one white) are tossed.for each scenario. there are 2^3 = 8 possible outcomes. (a) What is the probability of getting a sum of 2 or a sum of 12? (B) What is the probability of getting an even number (the sum is even) or a sum that is greater than or equal to 9? A) Colors don't matter here Possible combos of 2: Die 1 Die 2 1 1 Possible combos of 12: Die 1 Die 2 6 6 Only 2 combos out of 36 give you a 2 or a 12.

so we can disregard all greater than or equal to 9s that are even since we already counted the evens. 24/36 = 2/3 probability 9. but only 3 yield a Tail and at least a 4. One coin and one die are tossed. we only care about evens or greater than or equal to 9. So we have a total of 18 + 6 = 24 combos that work for part B. What is the probability of getting a tail and at least a four when the coin and die are tossed? All outcomes: COIN H H H H H H T T T T T T DIE 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 There are 12 possibilities. Make a sample space that will represent all the possible outcomes.4 4 4 5 5 5 6 6 6 2 4 6 1 3 5 2 4 6 Possible combos where sum is even = 18 Possible combos where sum >= 9 Die 1 Die 2 3 6 4 5 4 6 5 4 5 5 5 6 6 3 6 4 6 5 6 6 Total = 10 Total of that 10 that do not add up to an even sum = 6 Since this is an or problem. So 3/12 = 1/4 prob .

No matter what order you draw in. queen.39! = 52*51*50*. while the probabilities denominator goes from 52 to 40. just set up the problem) Here's how to setup the problem: First draw: 13/52 (because there are 13 cards per suit) Second draw: 12/51 Third: 11/50 Fourth: 10/49 Fifth: 9/48 . EX: first draw to get an ACE = 4/52 = 1/13 second draw to get a FACE = 12/51 = 4/17 1/13 * 4/17 = 4/221 11. just set up the problem). Thirteenth: 1/40 AND SO ON AND SO FORTH So the formula is 13!/(52! . what is the probability that you will get exactly 3 aces (3 of the 5 cards are aces)? (Do not calculate. First draw need ace: 4/52 = 1/13 Second draw need ace: 3/51 Third draw need ace: 2/50 = 1/25 Fourth draw do not need ace: 48/49 (because only 1 ace is left) Fifth draw do not need ace: 47/48 Probability = 1/13 * 3/51 * 1/25 * 48/49 * 47/48 12.10. king) = 12 A) first draw = 12/52 = 3/13 second draw = 4/51 3/13 * 4/51 = 4/221 B) same because you want both a face and an ace. you get the same prob once you multiply the two probs. What is the probability of throwing exactly 3 aces in a single throw with 4 dice? First die want ace = 1/6 Second die want ace = 1/6 Third die want ace = 1/6 Fourth die no ace = 5/6 1/6 * 1/6 * 1/6 * 5/6 = 5/1296 ... and the probabilty's numerator goes from 13 to 1. 52! .39!) because we go through thirteen cards. Two cards are drawn from a deck of 52 cards without replacement. (a) What is the probability of drawing a face card on the first draw and an ace on the second draw? (b) What is the probability of getting a face card and and ace from the two draws (order is ot important)? Face cards = 4*3 (jack. What is ther probability if you are dealt 13 cards that they are all of one suit? (Do not calculate...*40 If you are dealt 5 cards.

(b) also. find the probability of getting a sum of 12. A person rolls a 6 sided die. (c) find the probability of getting an even sum or a sum of 11 or more. (a) create the sample space. Die 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 Die 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 b) Total combos = 48 .13. and an 8 sided die.

3 (3/10). there is a 3/10 probability. there is .3 * 5 = 1. so we take 1. B hits the target twice. or 15 because we can disregard the even sums above 11 when we already have all even sums. so since there are 5 students. So for every 20. a) For each student.Total combos that give a sum of 12 = 3 Prob of getting a sum of 12 = 3/48 = 1/16 c) To get an even sum or a sum of 11 or more. A hits the target 1 time. so there is a 13/20 chance of hitting the target.5 students. what is the probability they at least one sharpshooter will hit the target? Out of every 4 shots. We now do 1. 15.5 students will graduate. 13. so there is a 3/2 chance b) This works the same. find the probabilty (a) one will not graduate (b) three will not graduate (c) at least 4 will graduate.5/3 = 1/2 chance that 3 will not graduate.5/1 = 3/2. c) There is a . So there are a total of 13 hits for every 20 shots. Even sums = 24 Sums of 11. Sharpshooter A hits the targe 1/4 of the time.5/4 = 7/8 chance that at least 4 will graduate. 13. or 15 = 6 24 + 6 = 30 Prob: 30/48 = 5/8 14.3 * 5 number of students who will not graduate. . Of 5 college students chosen at random. If they both shoot. A hits 5 and B hits 8.7 chance that a student will graduate. . So 3. Out of ever 5. Sharpshooter B hits the target 2/5 of the time. we only need to consider all cases where the sum is even or when the sum is 11.7 * 5 = 3.The probability that a college student does not graduate is . But we want to know the probability of 1 not graduating. so .

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