DETAILED ENGINEERING DESIGN

OF PUSKESMAS’ WATSAN
FACILITIES
PHASE I (4 UNITS)

DECEMBER 2005
This publication was produced by Development Alternatives, Inc. for the United States Agency
ENVIRONMENTAL
SERVICES
PROGRAM
WWW.ESP.OR.ID
for International
Development
under
Contract
No. 497-M-00-05-00005-00

Illustration credit: Ridwan Habibie, ESP Banda Aceh/NAD.
A drawing draft of the sanitation system in local puskesmas.

DETAILED ENGINEERING DESIGN OF PUSKESMAS’ WATSAN FACILITIES PHASE I (4 UNITS) Title: Program. Contract number: 497-M-00-05-00005-00. . Higher Quality Basic Human Services Utilized (BHS). DAI Project Number: 5300201. 2. or project number: Strategic objective number: Sponsoring USAID office and contract number: Detailed Engineering Design of Puskesmas’ Watsan Facilities Phase I (4 Units) Environmental Services Program. SO No. activity. USAID/Indonesia. Date of publication: December 2005. Contractor name: DAI.

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.......................................................................................... SISTEM PENYEDIAAN AIR BERSIH ..................3 Waste water pipe.....................................................4 DRAINASE LINGKUNGAN .................................................................................................................................. D........................................... 5..4 ON SITE DRAINAGE SYSTEM ...................... BIAYA KONSTRUKSI ................................................................................4.................. 1 3............................................................................................................................................................................ C.................................2 Reservoir.....................................................................................4....................................................................................................3..............3 Leach Field............................................................ 3.......4 NEEDS OF WATSAN FACILITIES ................ KEBUTUHAN FASILITAS WATSAN .............1 Water Consumptions............................................................. B........................ D......3 SISTEM SANITASI .......................... 4 5..................................... LOKASI ........DAFTAR ISI TABLE OF CONTENTS (BAHASA INDONESIA) 1............ LOCATION........................................................................................................ A......... B.................. E................... 4....1................................................................................................................................................ KRITERIA DISAIN ...................................................................................................................................................4 4..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................1 Source of water ................................................................................................................. SKEMA SISTEM..................................................................................................5 SISTEM SANITASI .............................................................................2 Pipa air bersih................................ 6 (ENGLISH) 1................................................................................................................................................. D.............................................................. E............................................. C.......................................................................................................................................................... SISTEM PENYEDIAAN AIR BERSIH ..................4 PERSAMPAHAN .......................................................................... 3......3 Waste water pipe.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................3 Sumur pengumpul....................2..............................3 Collecting well ................................ DESIGN CRITERIA ...................................... 1 3...........................................................................................................5 6........................................................................................... 1 2............................................................3 Bidang resapan ...............3............................................................ B............................................................................................................ 1 3.....................................................................3 SANITATION SYSTEMS .........3 Septic Tank................................................................................. C....................................................................2.......................................................................... B........ 3.......................................................................................2 Sistem Perpompaan........................................................... LAMPIRAN .................................. D................................................................................ 3...................................................................................................................... 3.... 5 7........2 Water supply pipe............................................................................................... A...............................................................................................................................................4 SOLID WASTE SYSTEM..........................................................................................................2............................................................................. LINGKUP PEKERJAAN............... A........................1 Konsumsi Air ..................... 4 ...........................................................................................................................3 Tangki septik............................................ 5 5......................................................................................1 Sumber Air...2 Reservoir................... 1 3........................................................................................... 1 2.................................................... 3............ WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS .. SCOPE OF WORK..........................1........................................................................................................ A.......................................................................1...............................2 Pumping Systems........ C.

............................................ WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS ................................................................................................................... 5 7............................................... 6 II ..........5 6............................................. 5.......................................................... SYSTEMS DRAWING .............................................................................................DED PUSKESMAS WATER AND SANITATION FACILITIES 5...............1.........5 SANITATION SYSTEMS .........................................................2............. CONSTRUCTION BUDGET .... ATTACHMENTS.... 5 5.....................................................................

Average water consumption equals to daily water consumption plus water losses. Kabupaten Aceh Besar 2. SCOPE OF WORK Penyusunan DED fasilitas WATSAN di 4 Puskesmas (Tahap I). Puskesmas Mibo. . meliputi : 1.1. LINGKUP PEKERJAAN 1. Kecamatan Lhoknga. Kabupaten Aceh Besar 4. Kecamatan Banda Raya. SISTEM PENYEDIAAN AIR BERSIH 3. Polindes Lamgaboh. WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS A. Polindes Nusa. pipe and pumping system. WATER CONSUMPTIONS • • Water consumption at the Puskesmas is estimated at 30 L/staff/day. termasuk perpipaan air kotor 3. Polindes Nusa. Sanitation systems : Septic tank. 2. Kabupaten Aceh Besar 2. Kecamatan Lhoknga. Puskesmas Mibo. 2. Sistem Penyediaan Air Bersih : Sumber air baku (PDAM atau sumur bor). Drainase lingkungan 4. Polindes Lamateuk. Kabupaten Aceh Besar 4. ground reservoir/roof tank. bidang resapan. On site drainage 4. Kecamatan Lhoknga. collecting well. Kecamatan Lhoknga. Kabupaten Aceh Besar 3. Untuk Puskesmas yang melayani rawat inap. Polindes Lamateuk. Kecamatan Lhoknga.1. pipa d an pompa. leach field.DED FASILITAS WATSAN PUSKESMAS TAHAP I (4 UNIT) DED OF WATSAN FACILITIES AT PUSKESMAS PHASE I (4 UNITS) 1. 2. Kota Banda Aceh 1. Polindes Lamgaboh. LOKASI 2. Sistim Sanitasi : tangki septik. Water supply systems: Sources of water (PDAM or bored well). Sampah domestic dan sampah medik : Bak sampah dan tempat sampah Preparation DED of WATSAN facilities for 4 units of Puskesmas should include: 1. DESIGN CRITERIA 3. sumur pengumpul. including waste water collecting pipe 3. Kecamatan Banda Raya. ground reservoir/roof tank. KONSUMSI AIR • • Perkiraan konsumsi air untuk Puskesmas adalah 30 L/karyawan/hari. Kecamatan Lhoknga. while inpatients would require as much as 30 L/bed/day equals to daily water consumption plus water losses. LOCATION 1. Medical and solid waste facilities: Big trash bins & small dust bins. KRITERIA DISAIN 3. konsumsi air ditambahkan dengan 30 L/bed/hari Kebutuhan air rata-rata adalah kebutuhan air harian ditambah dengan kehilangan air A. Kota Banda Aceh 3. Kabupaten Aceh Besar 3.

bila tidak memungkinkan. (10% dari kebutuhan harian) Kebutuhan harian maksimum (max-day) adalah 1. PUMPING SYSTEMS Suplai air membutuhkan sistem perpompaan bila tidak dapat dilakukan dengan cara gravitasi Kapasitas dan total head pompa disesuaikan dengan perencanaan ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.5 x daily consumptions. SISTEM PERPOMPAAN • • Sumber air berasal dari PDAM. Maximum day consumptions (max-day) is 1. Water supply must be continuous with good quality and quantity. SOURCE OF WATER • • The source of water comes from PDAM. Tower construction is made of a series of L-steel 5 x 5 cm.75 x daily consumptions . C. Construction of ground reservoir is made of reinforced concrete Roof tank is made of PVC water tank with tower construction. Capacity and total head of the pumping set must be in accordance with pumping system design 2 .ESP. should a “gravity supply system” is not available.r Capacity assumption of the reservoir is 1 x maximum day consumptions. B.5 x kebutuhan air rata-rata Kebutuhan jam puncak adalah 1. D. RESERVOIR • • Kehilangan air adalah jumlah kehilangan air di jaringan pipa distribusi.DED PUSKESMAS WATER AND SANITATION FACILITIES • • • B. operasional dan pemeliharaan sistem. RESERVOIR • Reservoir harus dapat menyimpan air sebagai cadangan untuk fluktuasi penggunaan air setiap hari Asumsi kapasitas reservoir adalah 1 x kebutuhan harian maksimum Konstruksi ground reservoir terbuat dari beton bertulang Roof tank terdiri dari tangki air PVC dan dilengkapi dengan tower Konstruksi tower terbuat dari rangkaian besi siku L 5x5 cm D.OR.ID • • Water supply would need a pumping system. Peak hour consumptions is 1. berasal dari sumur bor Suplai air harus kontinyu dengan kualitas dan kuantitas air yang sesuai C. but if it is also possible to obtain water from bored well.75 x kebutuhan harian rata-rata • • • • The reservoir must contain a certain amount of water as a reserve to fluctuating daily consumption of wate. SUMBER AIR • • • • • • • • Water losses equals to water loss at distribution pipe plus water loss at water supply maintenance system (10 % of daily water consumptions).

B. SANITATION SYSTEMS A. including their accessories. kedalaman air minimum 1 m.ESP. panjang minimum 0. COLLECTING WELL • Fungsi sumur pengumpul adalah sebagai penampung air kotor dari out flow tangki septik. WATER SUPPLY PIPE • • The functions of collecting well are to collect waste water from the out flow of a septic tank. The septic tank is made of reinforced concrete.DED PUSKESMAS WATER AND SANITATION FACILITIES E. ketinggian konstruksi maksimum 2 m Konstruksi tangki septik terbuat dari beton bertulang Tangki septik dilengkapi dengan manhole dan pipa vent B. diameter ½ inchi Pengadaan dan pemasangan pipa sesuai dengan ketentuan teknis dan termasuk dengan accesoriesnya 3.75 m. bathrooms. wastafel dan air hujan Konstruksi sumur pengumpul terbuat dari buis beton diameter 0. minimum length is 0. SISTEM SANITASI • E. LEACH FIELD Tipe bidang resapan adalah galian persegi panjang Dimensi galian disesuaikan dengan daya peresapan tanah ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW. 3. The septic tank is equipped with a manhole and vent system.2. BIDANG RESAPAN • • Tangki septik berfungsi untuk menurunkan kandungan BOD yang terkandung dalam air buangan Tipe tangki septik adalah persegi panjang : lebar = 2 : 1. PIPA AIR BERSIH • • A.8 m diameter. C.OR.5 inch diameter. kamar mandi. Construction of collecting well is made of pre-cast concrete caisson with 0. kedalaman minimal 1 m Sumur pengumpul dilengkapi dengan manhole dan pipa vent C. with 0. Dimension of the hole is in accordance with infiltration range of the existing soil 3 . minimum water depth is 1 m and maximum height is 2 m. and minimum depth of 1 m. SEPTIC TANK • • • • The function of the septic tank is to reduce the content of BOD in waste water The dimension of the septic tank is rectangular.2. wash basins and rain water. SUMUR PENGUMPUL • • Jenis pipa adalah PVC S-10. which width is 2 : 1. Collecting well is equipped with manhole and vent system.75 m. klas AW.ID • • Type of leach field is a rectangular hole. TANGKI SEPTIK • • • • • • Type of pipe is PVC S-10.8 m. AW class. Pipe supply and material installation must be in accordance with technical requirements.

WASTE WATER PIPE • • • • • • • D.3.2%. Klas PV diameter 4 inchi Pengadaan dan pemasangan pipa sesuai dengan ketentuan teknis dan termasuk dengan accesoriesnya 3.1.3.DED PUSKESMAS WATER AND SANITATION FACILITIES • • Lebar minimum 0. Drainage construction consists of concrete brick and drainage pipe system.1. Slope of base soil surface is 0.ESP.45 m Kemiringan permukaan tanah dasar galian 0.4. NEEDS OF WATSAN FACILITIES The needs of WATSAN facilities for the Puskesmas are available in Table 4. ON SITE DRAINAGE SYSTEM Konstruksi drainase terbuat dari pasangan batu dan saluran perpipaan Arah kemiringan saluran menuju sumur pengumpul atau sistem drainase kota 3. KEBUTUHAN FASILITAS WATSAN Type of pipe is PVC.5 m and the minimum depth is 0. WASTE WATER PIPE • Jenis pipa adalah PVC.45 m. Solid waste equipment consists of trash bin 80 x 100 x 80 cm made of concrete break and trash container made of fiber glass with 60 liters capacity. 3. lapisan atas ditutup dengan tanah Ketebalan masing-masing material timbunan sesuai dengan gambar perencanaan • • • D. Supplying and installation of pipe materials and their accessories must be in accordance with their technical requirements.ID 4 . ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW. Fill material of the hole is gravel or split stone with 3 – 8 cm diameter. SOLID WASTE SYSTEM Peralatan persampahan terdiri dari bak sampah dari pasangan bata ukuran 80x100x80 cm dan tempat sampah terbuat dari fiber glass kapasitas 60 liter. 4. PV class with 4 inches diameter. DRAINASE LINGKUNGAN • • • Kebutuhan fasilitas WATSAN untuk masing-masing Puskesmas dapat dilihat pada Tabel 4.5 m dan kedalaman minimum 0. PERSAMPAHAN Minimum width of the hole is 0.2 % Media penimbun galian terdiri dari kerikil diameter 3 – 8 cm.OR. 4. and the top layer is soil material The thickness of each filling material should be in accordance with detailed drawing.4. Direction of stream flow go in the direction of collecting well or out site drainage system 3.

ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW. SYSTEMS DRAWING 5. 6.3.1 and Figure 5. Skematik sistem sanitasi Puskesmas dapat dilihat pada Gambar 5.OR.2. SISTEM SANITASI 5. SANITATION SYSTEMS The details of Puskesmas sanitation system is available in Figure 5.1. BIAYA KONSTRUKSI Biaya konstruksi fasilitas WATSAN untuk Puskesamas dapat dilihat pada Lampiran 6. CONSTRUCTION BUDGET Please see attachment section. 5. SISTEM PENYEDIAAN AIR BERSIH 5.2. WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS The details of Puskesmas water supply is available in Figure 5.2.ESP. SKEMA SISTEM 5.1.1 and Gambar 5.3. Skematik sistem penyediaan air bersih Puskesmas dapat dilihat pada Gambar 5.DED PUSKESMAS WATER AND SANITATION FACILITIES 5.ID 5 .2.

OR.ESP. 3. Foto 7. 3. Photos ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW. 4. 2. Watsan Facilities Water Supply Scheme Sanitation Scheme Budget Construction ƒ Budget Recapitulation ƒ Detail Budget of Polindes Nusa ƒ Detail Budget of Polindes Lamateuk ƒ Detail Budget of Polindes Lamgaboh ƒ Detail Budget of Puskesmas Mibo ƒ Budget Details Analyze 5. LAMPIRAN 1. 2. Technical Drawing 6. Fasilitas Watsan Skema Suplai Air Skema Sanitasi Rencana Anggaran Biaya (RAB) ƒ Rekapitulasi Anggaran ƒ Rincian Biaya Polindes Nusa ƒ Rincian Biaya Polindes Lamateuk ƒ Rincian Biaya Polindes Lamgaboh ƒ Rincian Biaya Puskesmas Mibo ƒ Analisa Harga Satuan 5. 4.DED PUSKESMAS WATER AND SANITATION FACILITIES 7. Gambar Teknis 6. ATTACHMENTS 1.ID 6 .

8 1.8 1.8 1.0 2.5 25 1.0 2.8 1.6 0.8 1.8 1.3 0.0 0. WATSAN FACILITIES NEEDS OF THE PUSKESMAS PHASE I (4 UNITS) Water Supply System No Reservoir me of Puskesmas Sourches 1 Polindes Nusa - Type Ground Quantity 2 m3 Waste Water Pump Pipe Septic Tank Collecting well Grey Water Leach Field Quantity Total Head Diameter Long Long Width Depth Diameter Depth Long Width Depth Diameter Long Diameter Long L/Hour (m) (inchi) (m) (m) (m) (m) (mm) (m) (m) (m) (m) (mm) (m) (mm) (m) 10 30 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.5 15 1.0 0.0 PVC 100 10 PVC 100 12 concreate brick/pipe 2 m3 56 30 0.0 PVC 100 10 PVC 100 0 concreate brick/pipe 1000 L tank ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.8 1.DED PUSKESMAS WATER AND SANITATION FACILITIES LAMPIRAN 1 TABLE : 4.0 PVC 100 10 PVC 100 20 concreate brick/pipe 500 L 10 30 0.8 1.3 0.0 2.5 20 1.ESP.OR.0 PVC 100 20 PVC 100 10 reservoir Roof Drainage Solid Waste Pipe Type concreate Long Bak Medis Domestik (m) Sampah (unit) (unit) 41 1 2 2 15 1 2 2 15 1 2 2 16 1 2 2 brick/pipe 500 L tank 2 3 4 Polindes Lamateuk Polindes Lamgaboh Puskesmas Mibo Deep Roof well tank Deep Roof well tank PDAM Ground Connection reservoir Roof 500 L 10 30 0.6 0.3 0.8 1.0 2.5 30 1.ID 7 .6 0.1.8 1.8 1.6 0.8 1.

DED PUSKESMAS WATER AND SANITATION FACILITIES LAMPIRAN 2: GAMBAR SISTEM SUPLAI AIR ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.OR.ID 8 .ESP.

OR.ID 9 .ESP.DED PUSKESMAS WATER AND SANITATION FACILITIES ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.

ESP.DED PUSKESMAS WATER AND SANITATION FACILITIES LAMPIRAN 3: SISTEM SANITASI PUSKESMAS ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.ID 10 .OR.

DED PUSKESMAS WATER AND SANITATION FACILITIES LAMPIRAN 5: DRAFT GAMBAR TEKNIK. ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.ID 11 .ESP.OR.

ID 12 .DED PUSKESMAS WATER AND SANITATION FACILITIES ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.ESP.OR.

ID 13 .ESP.DED PUSKESMAS WATER AND SANITATION FACILITIES ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.OR.

DED PUSKESMAS WATER AND SANITATION FACILITIES ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.ID 14 .OR.ESP.

OR.DED PUSKESMAS WATER AND SANITATION FACILITIES ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.ESP.ID 15 .

DED PUSKESMAS WATER AND SANITATION FACILITIES ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.ID 16 .OR.ESP.

ID 17 .DED PUSKESMAS WATER AND SANITATION FACILITIES ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.OR.ESP.

OR.ESP.ID 18 . POLINDES NUSA POLINDES LAMATEUK ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.DED PUSKESMAS WATER AND SANITATION FACILITIES LAMPIRAN 6: FOTO-FOTO.

DED PUSKESMAS WATER AND SANITATION FACILITIES POLINDES LAMGABOH PUSKESMAS MIBO ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM WWW.ID 19 .ESP.OR.

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id . Fl. +62-21-720-4546 www. Jl.esp. 17th. 9 Jakarta 10270 Indonesia Tel.or. Sudirman No. +62-21-720-9594 Fax.ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAM Ratu Plaza Building. Jend.

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