# BEAM DEFLECTION FORMULAE

BEAM TYPE SLOPE AT FREE END DEFLECTION AT ANY SECTION IN TERMS OF x 1. Cantilever Beam – Concentrated load P at the free end MAXIMUM DEFLECTION

θ=

Pl 2 2 EI

y=

Px 2 ( 3l − x ) 6 EI

δ max =

Pl 3 3EI

2. Cantilever Beam – Concentrated load P at any point

Pa 2 θ= 2 EI
3. Cantilever Beam – Uniformly distributed load ω (N/m)

y=

Px 2 ( 3a − x ) for 0 < x < a 6 EI Pa 2 y= ( 3x − a ) for a < x < l 6 EI

δ max

Pa 2 = ( 3l − a ) 6 EI

θ=

ωl 3 6 EI

y=

ωx 2 ( x 2 + 6l 2 − 4lx ) 24 EI

δ max =

ωl 4 8 EI

4. Cantilever Beam – Uniformly varying load: Maximum intensity ωo (N/m)

θ=

ωol 3 24 EI

y=

ωo x 2 (10l 3 − 10l 2 x + 5lx2 − x3 ) 120lEI

δ max =

ωo l 4 30 EI

5. Cantilever Beam – Couple moment M at the free end

θ=

Ml EI

y=

Mx 2 2 EI

δ max =

Ml 2 2 EI

Beam Simply Supported at Ends – Concentrated load P at the center Pl 2 θ1 = θ2 = 16 EI ⎞ Px ⎛ 3l 2 l − x 2 ⎟ for 0 < x < y= ⎜ 12 EI ⎝ 4 2 ⎠ δ max = Pl 3 48 EI 7.00651 ωo l 4 at x = 0. Beam Simply Supported at Ends – Couple moment M at the right end Ml θ1 = 6 EI Ml θ2 = 3EI 7ωol 3 360 EI ω l3 θ2 = o 45 EI y= Mlx ⎛ x 2 ⎞ ⎜1 − ⎟ 6 EI ⎝ l 2 ⎠ δmax = δ= Ml 2 l at x = 9 3 EI 3 Ml 2 at the center 16 EI 10. Beam Simply Supported at Ends – Uniformly varying load: Maximum intensity ωo (N/m) θ1 = y= ωo x ( 7l 4 − 10l 2 x 2 + 3x4 ) 360lEI δ max = 0.00652 δ = 0. Beam Simply Supported at Ends – Uniformly distributed load ω (N/m) θ1 = θ2 = ωl 3 24 EI y= ωx 3 ( l − 2lx2 + x3 ) 24 EI δmax = 5ωl 4 384 EI 9.519 l EI ωol 4 at the center EI . if a > b 48 EI 8. Beam Simply Supported at Ends – Concentrated load P at any point Pb(l 2 − b 2 ) θ1 = 6lEI Pab(2l − b) θ2 = 6lEI Pbx 2 ( l − x2 − b2 ) for 0 < x < a 6lEI Pb ⎡ l 3 2 2 3⎤ y= ⎢ b ( x − a ) + (l − b ) x − x ⎥ 6lEI ⎣ ⎦ for a < x < l y= δ max = δ= Pb ( l 2 − b 2 ) 9 3 lEI 32 at x = (l 2 − b2 ) 3 Pb ( 3l 2 − 4b2 ) at the center.BEAM DEFLECTION FORMULAS BEAM TYPE SLOPE AT ENDS DEFLECTION AT ANY SECTION IN TERMS OF x MAXIMUM AND CENTER DEFLECTION 6.