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The cartesian coordinate system consists of two axis perpendicular to each other: The x-axis which is horizontal The y-axis which is vertical The intersection of the two Axis is called the origin The coordinate system is Broken into 4 Quadrants .

y) Example: Plot the point (5.2) First locate the x value then locate the y value: . A point in the Cartesian system is defined by two coordinates: (x.

etc. electronics. thermodynamics. Equation help us describe variable relations . acceleration). Equations and their corresponding graphs have many applications such as: kinematics (velocity. Y = 2x + 3 is an equation relating y and x Y is called the dependent variable as it changes value when x changes X is called the independent variable as one can assign any value to it.

. In order to graph an equation a table of x and y values must be created as follows: Example: Graph y x 2 5 First step is the draw a table containing a column for x and a column for y. Second step is the choose any x values (usually the instructions will provide x values) Third step is to substitute the x values in equation and solve for y Fourth step is to plot the points and draw the curve connecting all points.

-5) y (2) 2 5 4 5 1 (1.4) .4) (-2.-1) y (0) 2 5 0 5 5 (-1.-1) y (3) 2 5 9 5 4 (3. 0.-4) (2. 3 Calculate y values: y (3) 2 5 9 5 4 Now we will have y (2) 2 5 4 5 1 Our points: y (1) 2 5 1 5 4 (-3. -1. 1. -2.y x 5 2 Lets choose x values: -3. 2.-4) y (1) 2 5 1 5 4 (0.

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