Revssion I December 1973 U.S.

ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION

REGULATORY
DIRECTORATE OF REGULATORY STANDARDS REGULATORY GUIDE 1.60

GUIDE

DESIGN RESPONSE SPECTRA FOR SEISMIC DESIGN OF NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS
A. INTRODUCTION Criterion 2, "Design Bases for Protection Against t Natural Phenomena ' of Appendix A. "General Design Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants," to 10 CFR Part 50. "Uicensing of Production and Utilization Facilities:" requires, in part, that nuclear power plant structures, systems, and components important to safety be designed to withstand the effects of earthquakes. Proptsed Appendix A, "Seismic and Geologic Siting Criteria." to 10 CFR Part 100, "Reactor Site Criteria," would require, in part, that the Safe Shutdown Eartlhquake (SSE) be defined by response spectra co, responding to the expected maximum ground aiccelcrations. This guide describes a procedure acceptable to the AEC Regulatory staff for defining response spectra for the seismic design of nuclear power plants. The Adviory Committee on Reactor Safeguards has been consulted concerning this guide and has concurred in the regulatory position. B. DISCUSSION In order to approximate the intensity and thereby estimate the maximum ground acceleration' of the expected strongest ground motion (SSE) for a given site, proposed Appendix A to 10 CFR Part 100 specifies a number of required investigations. It does not. however, give a method for defining 1he response spectral coriesponding to the expected maximum ground acceleralion. Tit recorded ground accelerations and response spectlra of past earthquakes prwvide a basis for the ralional designi of structures to resist earthquakes. The Design Response Spectra.' specified for design purposes, can he developed statistically fromn response spectra of past strong-notion earthquakes (see reference I). An
I Sce deftintions at the end of the guide.

extensive study has been described by Newmark and filurne in references 1, 2, and 3. After reviewing these referenced documents, the AEC Regulatory staff has determined as acceptable the following procedure for defining the Design Response Spectta representing the effects of the vibratory motion of the SSE, 1/2 the SSE, and the Operating Basis Earthquake (OBE) on sites underlain by either rock or soil deposits and covering all

frequencies of interest. However, for unusually soft sites,
modification to this procedure will be required.

In this procedure, the configurations of the horizontal component Design Response Spectra for each of the two mutually perpendicular horizontal axes are shown in Figure I of this guide. These shapes agree with those developed by Newmark, Blume. and Kapur in ,eference 1. In Figure I the base diagram consists of three parts: the bottom line on the left part represents the maximum ground displacement, the bottom line on the right part represents the maximum acceleration, and the middle part depends on the maximum velocity. The horizontal component Design Response Spectra in Figure I of this guide correspond to a maximum horizontal rou'nd accehiration of 1.0 g. The maximum ground displacement is taken proportional to the maximum ground acceleration, and is set at 36 inches for a ground acceleration of 1.0 g. The numerical values of design displacements, velocities, and accelerations for the horizontal component Design Response Spectra are obtained by multiplying the corresponding values of the maximum ground displacement and acceleration by the factors given in Table I of this guide. The displacement region lines of the Design Response Spectra are parallel to the maximum ground displacement line and are shown on the left of Figure I. The velocity region lines slope downward from a frequency of 0.25 cp' (control point D) to a frequency of 2.5 cps (control point C) and are shown at the top. The remaining two sets of lines between the frequencies of 2.5 cps and 33 cps (control point A). with a break at a frequency of 9 cps (control
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25 cps (control point D) to a frequency of 3.) The applicable multiplication factors and control points are gven in Table I. or the OBE on sites underlain by rock or by soil should be linearly scaled from Figure I1 in proportion to the maximum horizontal pound acceleration specified for the earthquake chosen. For damping ratios not included in Figure 2 or Table 11.) by the factors given in Table II of this guide. REGULATORY POSITION 1. The Desip Respuotn Spectra for such sites should be developed on a cam-by-cam K 1. 1/2 the SSE. of the SSE. 1/2 the SSE. constitute the acceleration region of the vertical Design Response Spectra.0 5 and accompanying displacement of 36 in. For damping ratios not included in Figure I or Table I. In these cases. For frequencies higher than 33 cps. of this guide correspond to a maximum horizontal ground acceleration of 1.0 g and displacement = 36 in. The horizontal and vertical component Design Response Spectra in Figures I and 2.2 .25.0 g and accompanying displacement of 36 in. a linear interpolation should be used.5 cpa (control point C) and are shown at the top. a linear interpolation should be used.point B). they are the same. (Figure 2 is based on a maximum hw algm d acdcrajn of 1.) The applicable multiplication factors and control points are given in Table 11. The displacement region lines of the Design Response Spectra are parallel to the maximum ground displacement line and are shown on the left of Figure 2. the Design Response Spectra should be linearly scaled from Figures I and 2 in proportion to the specified maximum horizontal pound acceleration. the Design Response Spectra should be developed individually according to the site characteristics.0 .5. or the OBE on sites underlain by rock or by soil should be linearly scaled from Figure 22 in proportion to the maximum horizontal grouMd acceleration specified for the earthquake chosen. The vertical component ground Design Response Spectra. while the ratio varies between 2/3 and I for frequencies between 0. the maximumnt ground acceleration line repfc. the procedure described above will not apply. For frequencies higher than 33 cpM. respectively. velocities. of the SSE. for frequencies lugher than 3. without soil-structure interaction effects. the Design Response Spectra follow the maximum pound acceleration line. The remaining two sets of lines between the frequencies of 3. with a break at the frcquency of 9 cpa (control point B).ents the Design Rcptu. without soil-structure interaction effects. Spectra ground a'cekreuti's of 1.60. The numerical values of design displacements. the acceleration region of the horizontil Design Response Spectra.5 cps and 33 cps (control point A). 2. and accelerations in these spectra are obtained by multiplying the corresponding values of the maximum hJri:. The velocity region lines slope downward from a frequency of 0. constitut.25 and 3.0 g are shown in Figure 2 of this guide. For sites that (I) are relatively close to the epicenter of an expected "flih vertical component Design Response ".ontal ground motion (acceleration = 1.* For sites with different acceleration values specified for the design earthquake. (Figure I corresponds to a maximum horizontal ground acceleration of 1. The horizontal component ground Design Response Spectra.nw Spectra. such as being underlain by poor soil depxosts. 'This does not apply to sites which (1) an relatively com to the epcenter of an expected earthquake of (2) which haie physical characteristlca that couMd nifcantly affect the spectral .5. C.rmbinatia of input motion. It should be noted that the vertical Design Respunse Spectra values are 2/3 those of the horizontal D'esiln Response Spectra for frequencies less than 0.orresponding to the maximum horizotd earthquake or (2) have physical characteristics that could significantly affect the spectral pattern of input motion.

0 1.27 5. periods) of the oscillators to a specified vibratory motion input at their supports.0 1.0 1.72 3. the.96 3. At zero period the design response spectra acceleration is identical for all damping values and is equal to the maximum (peak) gpound acceleration specified for that site. Maximum (peak) Ground Accderatio specified for a given site means that value of the acceleration which corresponds to zero period in the design resporse spectra for that site.0 1.60-3 . Design Resp.DEFINITIONS response (acceleration.0 1.0 S.0 7. Spectrum is a relatively smoot) I TABLE I HORIZONTAL DESIGN RESPONSE SPECTRA RELATIVE VALUES OF SPECTRUM AMPLIFICATION FACTORS FOR CONTROL POINTS Aenplificton Factors for Control Points of Omanw0n A(33 qxl Acmalation" ' B(9 qx) C42.05 1A88 10. for pround acceleration of 1.13 2. and statistically combining a number of individual response spectra derived from the records of significant past earthquakes.0 1. When obtained from a recorded earthquake record.25 3. 1.28 1. velocity.0 4.0 gravity. and Is 36 In.5 2. evaluating. response spectrurr tends to be irregular..54 2.5 cpd OiqImnment'' W)(0.90 2.70 Maximum gound disyacament is taken proportional to matmwm ground accelciation. or displacemnct) of a family of idealized single-depee-of-fieekrcn damped oscillators as a function of natural frequencies (oi I Respone Spectrum mcans a plot of the maximum relationship obtained by analyzing.2S qchI 0. sAbotimtion and displacement anplifkztion factor are taken from gecoiunmastions Stan in teforence 1.50 2. with a number of peaks ane valleys.95 4.20 2.61 2.

27 1. Illinois. Blume & Associates. M. M.17 2.25 cps) 0..0 gravity.5 2.0 4. N.37 1.0 1. N. 2. K 1. AT(49-$)-2667." ASCE Structural Engineering Meeting. WASH-1254. Sin Francisco.0 7. Newmark Consulting Engineering Services.25 1. s Acceleration amplhllation factors for the vcfti'al design response spectra arc equal to those for horizontal design re.0 1.13 1.90 2. USAEC Contract No.sponse spcctra at a given frequency.54 5.0 2. February 1973.96 3. "Design Response Spectra for Nuclear Power Plants." Urbana. 'Maximum ground dispilacbment is taken proportional to maximum gound acceleration and is 36 in.VERTICAL DESIGN RESPONSE SPECTRA RELATIVE VALUES OF SPECTRUM AMPLIFICATION FACTORS FOR CONTROL POINTS Amplrification Fcitors for Control Points Acooeratioo' 2 s ai Perosnt Critlcal Daf•ping A(33 cps) 8(9 cps) C13.0 1.05 5.0 .0 1. and Kanwar K. "A Study of Vertical SW." San Francisco.59 2.13 for the two desia response spectra are In agreement with thou recommended n rceference I. 3. whereas dixplacement ampltfcation f'actms are 2/3 those rot hod znnlal design response spectra. These ratios between the amplification factor 3Tbew values were changed to nake thb tabl consittsnt with the dis.67' 4.5 cm) D(0. California. REFERENCES I.61 2. AT(49-$)-301 I. "Recommendations for Shape of Earthquake Response Spectra.67 1. USAEC Contract No.0 10. April 1973.Horizontal Earthquake Spectra. John A.98 2. cussim of vertical cnmponents in Section B of this guide. April 1973. Newnark. Blume. ftw ground acceleration of 1. Kapur. WASH-1 255. John A.604 .

SCALED TO 1g HORIZONTAL GROUND ACCELERATION .1 02 0. cps FIGURE 1.s 1 2 5 10 2D 50 100 FRr WUENCY.0. HORIZONTAL DESIGN RESPONSE SPECTRA .

1 2 5 10 20 50 100 FREOUENCY. VERTICAL DESIGN RESPONSE SPECTRA GROUND ACCELERATION - SCALED TO ig HORIZONTAL . cp.1 0D2 0.1000X 500 010e 4p I5 0. FIGURE 2.

C. D. $300 SFIRST CLASS MAIL POSTAGE III FES PAID WASH D C Pf RMI1 No L us. Nc . 20555 OFFICIAL BUSINESS PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE.UNITED STATES NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION WASHINGTON.

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