ACCA F4 Cases

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Ratio Decidendi

Case

Facts

Held

A n advertisement with element of reward is a public offer.

Carlill v Carbolic Smoke Ball Co [1893]

An advert placed for 'smoke balls' to prevent influenza. offered to pay £100 if anyone contracted influenza after using the ball. Deposited £1,000 with the Alliance Bank to show their sincerity in the matter. The plaintiff

she was entitled to recover as (a) The deposit of money showed an intention to be bound, therefore the advert was an offer; (b) It was possible to make an offer to the world at large, which is accepted by anyone who buys a smoke-ball;

bought one of the balls but (c) The offer of protection would
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the father died. There cannot be assent without knowledge of the offer.a promise of the house in return for their act of paying the installments. therefore. to say there was ever that existence of the same mind between the two parties which is essential in point of law to the making of an agreement. defendant property to him theposition to sell the was no longer in a defendant had drawn his offer validly." proclamation. He admitted that his only object in doing so was to clear himself of a charge of murder and that he the reward at that of claiming had no intention time. Offer does not Errington A father bought a house on laps with death mortgage for his son and v Errington daughter-in-law and promised of offeree and remains valid if them that if they paid off the [1952] consideration is mortgage. http://www. and ignorance of the offer is the same thing whether it is due to never hearing of it or information. Dickinson Dodds offered to sell his As the Claimant knew that the v Dodds [1876] house open until 9am Friday. when the mortgage has been fully paid off. As a result the revocation was ineffective & the contract did exist. and (d) The buying and using of the smoke-ball amounted to acceptance. His The father's promise was a unilateral contract . Byrne V An offer made on 1st October Leon Van (In Cardiff). Claimant (in [1880] New York) received it on 11th & send acceptance at The revocation was not complete until it had been communicated to the offeree.com/doc/22440390/ACCA-F4-Cases#download Page 2 of 17 .scribd. house. the estate agent. He gave information which led to the conviction of the murderers. Revocation letter reached on 15th Oct. In the main time. He sued the Crown for the reward Revocation has to be communicated. Dickinson was told of the sale by Berry. The defendant was therefore liable under the contract. however the offer had been accepted. they could have the being made. In the main time the defendant change his mind and sent a letter of revocation on 8th Oct.ACCA F4 Cases 13/06/2012 16:43 bought one of the balls but (c) The offer of protection would contracted influenza cover the period of use. It was impossible. being to Dickinson. the offer On Thursday. Dodds sold the house to Allan. leading to the arrest of certain murderers and a pardon to an accomplice who gave the The court dismissed the case. once. This was on 15 th October. Acceptance of R v Clarke The Government offered a offer has to be reward for information [1927] communicated. and he delivered an acceptance before 9am Friday. Revocation can be communicated by a reliable source. Clarke saw the forgetting it after hearing. It could not be revoked by him once the couple entered on performance of the act. They began to do this but before they had finished paying. The couple was entitled to continue paying the installments and claim the house widow claimed the house.

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. Rubbish. reply05 / 10 / 2012 gaterau1 why is this not downloadable so that it can help? reply04 / 30 / 2012 10 / 13 / 2010This document made it onto the Rising List! Submit Characters: . no one will visit your page again or look at the adverts you clearly make money from... http://www. If you cannot print or download. I certainly will not..com/doc/22440390/ACCA-F4-Cases#download Page 14 of 17 .ACCA F4 Cases 13/06/2012 16:43 Leave a Comment Submit Characters: 400 wemerson123 This is rubbish.scribd.

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