# Geometry Problems

Amir Hossein Parvardi∗ January 9, 2011

Edited by: Sayan Mukherjee. Note. Most of problems have solutions. Just click on the number beside the problem to open its page and see the solution! Problems posted by diﬀerent authors, but all of them are nice! Happy Problem Solving!

1. Circles W1 , W2 intersect at P, K. XY is common tangent of two circles which is nearer to P and X is on W1 and Y is on W2 . XP intersects W2 for the second time in C and Y P intersects W1 in B. Let A be intersection point of BX and CY . Prove that if Q is the second intersection point of circumcircles of ABC and AXY ∠QXA = ∠QKP

2. Let M be an arbitrary point on side BC of triangle ABC. W is a circle which is tangent to AB and BM at T and K and is tangent to circumcircle of AM C at P . Prove that if T K||AM , circumcircles of AP T and KP C are tangent together.

3. Let ABC an isosceles triangle and BC > AB = AC. D, M are respectively midpoints of BC, AB. X is a point such that BX ⊥ AC and XD||AB. BX and AD meet at H. If P is intersection point of DX and circumcircle of AHX (other than X), prove that tangent from A to circumcircle of triangle AM P is parallel to BC.

4. Let O, H be the circumcenter and the orthogonal center of triangle ABC, respectively. Let M and N be the midpoints of BH and CH. Deﬁne
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ABC, such that B and B are diametrically opposed. 1 If HON M is a cyclic quadrilateral, prove that B N = AC. 2

B on the circumcenter of

5. OX, OY are perpendicular. Assume that on OX we have wo ﬁxed points P, P on the same side of O. I is a variable point that IP = IP . P I, P I intersect OY at A, A . a) If C, C Prove that I, A, A , M are on a circle which is tangent to a ﬁxed line and is tangent to a ﬁxed circle. b) Prove that IM passes through a ﬁxed point.

6. Let A, B, C, Q be ﬁxed points on plane. M, N, P are intersection points of AQ, BQ, CQ with BC, CA, AB. D , E , F are tangency points of incircle of ABC with BC, CA, AB. Tangents drawn from M, N, P (not triangle sides) to incircle of ABC make triangle DEF . Prove that DD , EE , F F intersect at Q.

7. Let ABC be a triangle. Wa is a circle with center on BC passing through A and perpendicular to circumcircle of ABC. Wb , Wc are deﬁned similarly. Prove that center of Wa , Wb , Wc are collinear.

8. In tetrahedron ABCD, radius four circumcircles of four faces are equal. Prove that AB = CD, AC = BD and AD = BC.

9. Suppose that M is an arbitrary point on side BC of triangle ABC. B1 , C1 are points on AB, AC such that M B = M B1 and M C = M C1 . Suppose that H, I are orthocenter of triangle ABC and incenter of triangle M B1 C1 . Prove that A, B1 , H, I, C1 lie on a circle.

10. Incircle of triangle ABC touches AB, AC at P, Q. BI, CI intersect with P Q at K, L. Prove that circumcircle of ILK is tangent to incircle of ABC if and only if AB + AC = 3BC.

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Prove that the points P . π M. Now we have two new angles: E (this is the angle ∠AED) and F (this is the angle ∠BF A). M is midpoint of AC. Prove that 2 1 1 2 + ≤ AM AN AB 15. Let ABC be a triangle. In triangle ABC. we draw a line parallel to BC. and the lines BC and DA intersect at F . The bisectors of external angles A and C of the quadrilateral intersect at P . Prove that BD. C. N are orthogonal center. S is point that O is midpoint of HS.AB 2(AB + AC) 16. circumcenter. I3 . P. I. We also consider a point R of intersection of the external bisectors of these angles. We know that 2BC 2 − AC 2 = AB. H. Ia . CAb Ac B and BCa Cb A are outside the triangle. AB · AC BA · BC CA · CB 12. 17. and D is a point on BC such that DB = DM . The lines AB and CD intersect at E. Ca Ba and Ac Bc are concurrent. Let ABCD be an arbitrary quadrilateral. N are points on such that angles ∠AP M and ∠AQN are . Let M and N be two points inside triangle ABC such that ∠M AB = ∠N AC Prove that and ∠M BA = ∠N BC. AC such that P Q ⊥ BC. B. Squares ABc Ba C. P is the intersection of diagonals. O. the bisectors of external angles B and D intersect at Q. Prove that centroid of triangles Ia Ib Ic and SIN concide. incenter. ABCD is a convex quadrilateral.11. We draw its diagonals to divide the quadrilateral to four triangles. AM · AN BM · BN CM · CN + + = 1. I1 . Ib . Prove that BP. Q are on perpendicular bisectors of AB. From A. 14. Triangle ABC is isosceles (AB = AC).DC = AC 2 . Square Bc Bc Ba Ba with center P is outside square ABc Ba C. and Nagelian point of triangle ABC. Ic are excenters of ABC corresponding vertices A. I2 .AC. 13. Q and R are collinear. I4 are 3 .

and E and F are points on the segments BC and CE CF CA respectively. ABC is a triangle. 20. and C with respect to triangle P QR are concurrent. Distinct points A1 and B1 (not at P or Q) are selected on S1 . The lines A1 P and B1 P meet S2 again at A2 and B2 respectively. 4 . C. show that the points of concurrence are the same. I2 . 22. 21. as A1 and B1 vary. AC. B. Show that if the Simson lines of P . such that + = 1 and ∠CEF = ∠CAB. P . if L. Let A. I3 . and R with respect to triangle ABC are concurrent. and let A be a point distinct from B on the tangent at B to S1 . Q. Prove that the circumcentre of triangle BCD lies on the circumcircle of triangle ABC. Circles S1 and S2 intersect at points P and Q. I4 lie on a circle iﬀ ABCD is a tangential quadrilateral. M. Suppose that CB CA M is the midpoint of EF and G is the point of intersection between CM and AB.excenters of P AD. Let C be a point not on S1 such that the line segment AC meets S1 at two distinct points. Furthermore. determine the angle C. N are midpoints of AB. Prove that I1 . Prove that. And H is orthogonal center of triangle ABC. then the Simson lines of A. 18. B. the circumcentres of triangles A1 A2 C all lie on one ﬁxed circle. Assuming that AE + BD = AB. P CD(excenters corresponding vertex P ). then prove that LH 2 + M H 2 + N H 2 ≤ 1 (AB 2 + AC 2 + BC 2 ) 4 19. Q. and R be six concyclic points. Let B be a point on a circle S1 . P AB. Prove that triangle F EG is similar to triangle ABC. 23. P BC. In triangle ABC. and the lines A1 B1 and A2 B2 meet at C. Let S2 be the circle touching AC at C and touching S1 at a point D on the opposite side of AC from B. respectively. BC. The bisectors of the angles A and B of the triangle ABC meet the sides BC and CA at the points D and E.

we have ∠XAC = ∠XBC. 31. Let ABC be a triangle. Y are two points on AC. Show that for X = C on the line CL. BC and AO intersect at F. Prove that the line AC bisects the angle BLD. Points D i E are on line AB such that D − A − B − E. Let ABC be a triangle with ∠C = 90◦ and CA = CB. Prove that AF = CD. B. and let L and N be the midpoints of its diagonals AC and BD. 28. Consider a circle with center O and points A. 5 . D on a circle such that AB is a diameter and CD is not a diameter.respectively. respectively. Prove that in any triangle ABC. Also show that for Y = C on the line CH we have ∠Y AC = ∠Y BC. ∠DBC = 5X and ∠BCA = 3X prove that X = 10. Bisector of internal angles at A and B intersect BC. B on it such that AB is not a diameter. 32. Prove that CX ⊥ P Q. Let C be on the circle so that AC bisects OB. AD = AC and BE = BC. and circumcircle of ABC at M and N .X. 25. Suppose that the line BD bisects the angle AN C. 27. AC at P and Q. 30. Show that the line joining the point of intersection of the tangents to the circle at the points C and D with the point of intersection of the lines AC and BD is perpendicular to the line AB. BHXC is a quadrilateral inscribed in a circle. Given a triangle ABC and D be point on side AC such that AB = DC . 2 29. 0 < cot A 4 − tan B 4 − tan C 4 − 1 < 2 cot A . ∠BAC = 60 − 2X . Triangle ABC is given. Let AB and OC intersect at D. AB. C. Prove that XB = XC. Let ABCD be a cyclic quadrilatedral. Given four points A.24.CY cuts BX at Z and AZ cut XY at H (AZ ⊥ XY ). Let CH be an altitude and CL be an interior angle bisector. Line which connects A with center of circumcircle of BM E and line which connects B and center of circumcircle of AN D intersect at X.

and let the external angle bisector of the angle ∠A intersect the lines perpendicular to BC and passing through B and C at the points D and E. Find Y on one circle and Z on the other. The points A. Given a triangle ABC. H be the centroid. [AM ] respectively. The point S lies inside o and has properties ∠SAD = ∠SCB and ∠SDA = ∠SBC. Prove that the line segments BE. Two circles intersect at two points. the intersection E ∈ AC ∩BP and the projection R of the point A on the line M N . N. The two tangents from this point A to the circle intersect the line l at B and C. O ∈ M N NC MB + is minimum. 37. Ascertain and construct the positions of the points M ∈ (AB) and N ∈ (CD). Prove that all the lines m (as A varies) have a common point. Prove that ERN ≡ CRN . P of the segments [BC]. the middlepoints M. AO are concurrent. so that X. 34. respectively. Let be given two parallel lines k and l. CD. 6 . the incenter and the orthocenter of triangle ABC. one of them X.33. 38. Let G. D lie in this order on a circle o. Line which in which angle bisector of ∠ASB in included cut the circle in points P and Q. 36. C. Prove that ∠GIH > 90◦ . Y and Z are collinear and XY · XZ is as large as possible. Denote O ∈ AC ∩ BD. and a circle not intersecting k. respectively. Let ABCD be a convex quadrilateral. so that the sum MA ND 35. Consider a variable point A on the line k. Let m be the line through the point A and the midpoint of the segment BC. [CA]. I. Let ABC be a triangle. 39. B. where O is the circumcenter of ABC. Prove that P S = QS. A triangle ABC is given.

C E ∈ AB). c be the sidelengths of the triangle. DL ⊥ AB . b. A variable line passing through H intersects the segments [BC ] and [CB ] in M and N . Prove that AH ⊥ BC. Consider a right-angled triangle ABC with the hypothenuse AB = 1. 44. Let ABC be a triangle whit AH⊥ BC and BE the interior bisector of the angle ABC. 7 . Prove that the triangles EDC and IAB have the same centroid if and only if AB CD and IC 2 = IA · AC. Prove that a2 + 4b2 + 12c2 ≥ 32 · S. 41. Ascertain the geometrical locus of the intersection L ∈ AN ∩ BM . Suppose that the angle bisector of its angle ∠B meets the side AC at a point D and that BC = BD + AD. 45. determine the maximum value of the area of M N P . 42. Let triangle ABC be an isosceles triangle with AB = AC. 43.40. 47. CL meet each other at point H . Let DK ⊥ AC. Determine ∠A. Determine the locus of the midpoint of the segment [P Q]. Let BB and CC be altitudes of the triangle (B E ∈ AC. The perpendicular lines of from M and N intersect BB and CC in P and Q. Exists a positive number k so that for any point M ∈ [OC] there is a point N ∈ [OD] so that AM · BN = k 2 . Deﬁne the points E = AD ∩ BC and I = AC ∩ BD. In a right triangle ABC with ∠A = 90 we draw the bisector AD . Lines BK. respectively. Let ABCD be a convex quadrilateral with AD BC. 46. The bisector of ∠ACB cuts the medians BE and AF at P and M .If m(∠BEA) = 45. Denote the intersection O ∈ AC ∩ BD. Given a triangle with the area S. and let a. Let H be the orthocenter of the acute triangle ABC. ﬁnd m(∠EHC). If AF ∩ BE = {P }. Let ABCD be a square.

53. and M the midpoint of its side BC. we are given that 2 · AB = AC + BC. Prove that the line HM is perpendicular to the common chord of the circumscribed circles of triangle ABC and triangle ADE. Let ABC be a triangle. Let D be inside the ABC and E on AD diﬀerent of D. = MN (BN )2 51. intersect the incircle γ again in two points X and Y . Let H be the orthocenter of triangle ABC. G. the midpoint of AC and the midpoint of BC are concyclic. 49. D the midpoint of BC. Show that the incenter of triangle ABC. K. Let X be the intersection between DG and AB and Y the intersection between DF and AC. Let K and L be the reﬂections of the points D and E with respect to I. Prove that 27(b2 + c2 − a2 )2 (c2 + a2 − b2 )2 (a2 + b2 − c2 )2 ≤ (4K)6 52. Let γ be the incircle of triangle ABC. b. B. Show that AB is tangent to the circuncircle to the triangle N BC if and only if the following equality is true: (BC)2 BM . Let the lines passing through K and L. In an acute-angled triangle ABC. Show that XY is to BC. The median AM of triangle ABC intersects the incircle γ at two points K and L. Let ABC be an acute-angled triangle with AB = AC. Let ω1 and ω2 be the circumscribed circles of BDE resp. The incircle of triangle ABC has center I and touches the sides BC and CA at the points D and E. and M be the midpoint of AD. Let ABC be a traingle with sides a. and area K. Let ABC be a triangle. Let 8 . 54. parallel to BC. Let D be a point on the side AB and E a point on the side AC such that AE = AD and the points D. respectively. E are on the same line. Prove that the points A. c. and let M be the midpoint of the side BC. L lie on one circle. 50. H. The line BM intersects the side AC on the point N . ω1 and ω2 intersect BC in the interior points F resp. Given a triangle ABC satisfying AC + BC = 3 · AB.48. the circumcenter of triangle ABC. CDE.

Consider a convex pentagon ABCDE such that ∠BAC = ∠CAD = ∠DAE ∠ABC = ∠ACD = ∠ADE Let P be the point of intersection of the lines BD and CE. Prove that triangle ABC is equilateral. The perimeter of triangle ABC is equal to 3 + 2 3. and let P be a point in the interior of triangle ABC. Prove that PA PB PC 1 + + ≥ . and DA. Prove that the line AP passes through the midpoint of the side CD. ∠M BA = 20◦ . and N be the feet of the perpendiculars from the point O to 1 1 1 1 the sides AB. ∠M AC = 40◦ and ∠M CA = 30◦ . and let K. Let ABC be a right-angle triangle (AB ⊥ AC). Prove that the triangle is isosceles.the lines AX and AY intersect BC again at the points P and Q. Prove that BP = CQ. 55. |OK| |OM | |OL| |ON | 9 . BC. Prove that: + = + . Let ABCD be a circumscriptible quadrilateral. any triangle congruent to triangle ABC has at least one lattice point in its interior or on its sides. Let ABC be a triangle inscribed in a circle of radius R. M . In the coordinate plane. Deﬁne the middlepoint M of the side [BC] and the point D ∈ (BC). Let ABC be a triangle. let {O} = AC ∩ BD. BC 2 CA2 AB 2 R 60. 56. 61. √ 58. BAD ≡ CAD. 59. Prove that exists a point P ∈ (AD) so that P B ⊥ P M and P B = P M if and only if AC = 2 · AB 3 PA = . L. CD. and in this case PD 5 57. and M an interior point such that ∠M AB = 10◦ . Show that the plane cannot be represented as the union of the inner regions of a ﬁnite number of parabolas.

[CA] and [AB]. C prove that two triangle ABC. Let the lines AP. Ia resp similar we have Ib . Given triangle ABC. the line AX is the A-symmedian of triangle ABC. CC1 be the altitudes in acute triangle ABC. N. 10 .62. C A . Then. and let M be the midpoint of the side BC of triangle ABC. BP. Then. Let P and P be two isogonal conjugate points with respect to triangle ABC. P Q. BC. respectively. AB (to B) we take points D. At the extension of the sides BC (to C) . AM = AX · |cos A| (we don’t use directed angles here). 63. Let ABC be a triangle and let X. Prove that M N. In a convex quadrilateral ABCD. Prove that if the triangle DEF is equilateral then ABC is also equilateral. S be the feet of the perpendiculars from X to the lines AA1 . CC1 . 69. AB. Prove that the reﬂections of the lines AP . Prove that ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral if and only if AP = CP . 64. B . 65. incenter I. CP meet the lines BC. respectively. Let the tangents to the circumcircle of a triangle ABC at the vertices B and C intersect each other at a point X. 67. P. Q. F such that CD = AE = BF . AB at the points A . Prove that triangle ABC is equilateral. incircle of triangle IBC touch IB. CA. Y and Z be points on the sides [BC]. BB1 . 66. such that AX = BY = CZ and BX = CY = AZ. Ic the lines Ib Ib ∩ Ic Ic = {A } similarly we have B . E. A B concur. IC at Ia . BB1 . RS are concurrent. Ic . 68. and let X be an arbitrary point. CA. BP . Ib . Let M. the diagonal BD bisects neither the angle ABC nor the angle CDA. Let the tangents to the circumcircle of a triangle ABC at the vertices B and C intersect each other at a point X. CP in the lines B C . C .CA (to A) . A B C are perspective. The point P lies inside ABCD and satisﬁes angleP BC = ∠DBA and ∠P DC = ∠BDA. R. Let AA1 . Let a triangle ABC .

70. Triangle QAP has the right angle at A. Determine the nature of a triangle ABC such that the incenter lies on HG where H is the orthocenter and G is the centroid of the triangle ABC. respectively. C). B. and lines AX. 11 . CH at a points A1 . B1 F and C1 D pass through the same point. C to the line m intersect the circumcircle of triangle ABC at the points A1 . 73. B1 . Points B and R are chosen on the segments P A and P Q respectively so that BR is parallel to AQ. A variable line g through the vertex A intersects the rays BC and DC at the points X and Y .excenters of the triangles ABX and ADY .. 72. U and V are collinear. Show that the angle KCL is independent of the line g. Points S and T are on AQ and BR respectively and AR is perpendicular to BS. Let ABCD be a parallelogram. Prove that (i) the points P. CX at a points A2 . a triangle which satisﬁes BC = CA = AB). B. 74. Let M be a point on the side BC. respectively. BH. B1 and C1 . Let ABC be a triangle and m a line which intersects the sides AB and AC at interior points D and F . let N be a point on the side CA. Let K and L be the A. where S (XY Z) denotes the area of a triangle XY Z. 75. C2 . S and T are collinear. and AT is perpendicular to BQ. B1 B2 . X is an arbitrary point in the plane. The parallel lines from the points A. respectively. and intersects the line BC at a point E such that C lies between B and E. Let ABC be an equilateral triangle (i. Prove that AN P ∼ BP M ∼ CM N . B2 . C1 C2 meet at same point. The intersection of AR and BS is U. respectively (apart from A. e. (ii) the points P. BX. and let P be a point on the side AB. Let H is the orthocentre of triangle ABC. C1 . The intersection of AT and BQ is V. Prove that the lines A1 E . such that S (AN P ) = S (BP M ) = S (CM N ). The circle with diameter XH again meets lines AH. = = 71. Prove that the lines A1 A2 .

Points D. Let ABC be a triangle. r) touches the its sides in the points D ∈ (BC). E1 F1 . B . Make P BC ∼ DEF such that P and A are on the same side of BC. Draw a line which is parallel to the bisector of angle ADC. And goes through I. R). B = BB ∩ AC. Let ABCDE be a convex pentagon. BC. F ∈ (AB) respectively.76. E ∈ (CA). respectively which satisfy EF ||BC. CI respectively with the its circumcircle e = C(O. P F are concurrently. P D1 are concurrent. CO respectively with the circumcircle e then the points U ∈ M D ∩ A I. AB BC CD DE EA 81. Let ABCD be a rectangle. M. D = EB ∩ AC and E = AC ∩ BD. The line through M . Make D1 E1 ||DE . Prove that the perimeter of P M N Q is at least two times the diameter of ABCD. BI. let A = AA ∩ EB. the abbreviation g∩h will mean the point of intersection of two lines g and h. V ∈ N E ∩ B I. BO. 12 . Prove that AD = BD. intersects the line AC at point P such that HP = (AB + BC) and 2 ∠HM N = 45. We choose four points P. Prove that E. I note the second intersections M. E. N. D = DD ∩ CE and E = EE ∩ DA. C = CC ∩ BD. Let M. and BH be its altitude. CD and DA respectively. P of the lines AI. In the following. (C) is the in circle of triangle BDC. ABC is a triangle. Prove that ABC is isosceles. Let A = BD ∩ CE. N be the midpoints of the sides BC and AC of ABC. C = DA ∩ EB. D1 F1 ||DF which intersect AC and AB at E1 and F1 . CA and AB. 77. Prove that the lines M D. If the points A . respectively. N E. The its incircle i = C(I. N and Q on AB. 79. 80. Prove that: EA AB BC CD DE · · · · = 1. perpendicular to the bisector of 1 ∠HM N . V ∈ P F ∩ C I belong to the circumcircle w. D1 is a point on BC. D is a point on line AB. 78. C are the second intersections of the lines AO. Furthermore. B = CE ∩ DA. the incenter of ABC and this line is tangent to circle (C). F are on the sides BC. Remark.

respectively. In space. 85. and let D be a point on side AC such that |AB| = |BD|. Let the parallels to the lines CN and BM through the points M and N intersect each other at E. In an acute-angled triangle ABC. incenter I and centroid S. Prove that line F B is perpendicular to side AC. Prove that when the point A moves on the arc BAC the AM pass from a standard point. Let ABC be a triangle. respectively. and let d be the diameter of the circumcircle of triangle ABC. 86. given a right-angled triangle ABC with the right angle at A. 88. Prove that M F = M C if and only if M B · M D = M C 2 . Let ABC be a triangle and O a point in its plane. while lines BD and CF intersect at M . we consider the feet Ha and Hb of the altitudes from A and B. Show that the centre of the incircle I of triangle ABC lies on the segment Ha Hb if and only if the centre of the circumcircle O of triangle ABC lies on the segment Wa Wb . 87. A circle passing through A and B intersects segments AC and BC at D and E. ABC inscribed triangle in circle (O. 84. let F be a point on the circumcircle of triangle ABC such that line F D is perpendicular to side BC and points F. R). Lines AB and DE intersect at F . B lie on diﬀerent sides of line AC. and the intersections Wa and Wb of the angle bisectors from A and B with the opposite sides BC and CA respectively. and let the parallels to the lines CN and BM through the points B and C intersect each other at F. let ABC be an acute triangle with ∠BAC > ∠BCA.82. Furthermore. At AB we take point C such that AC = AC and at AC we take point B such that AB = AB. Let ABC be a triangle with orthocenter H. Let the lines BO and CO intersect the lines CA and AB at the points M and N. The segment B C intersects the circle at E. and determine when equality holds. Prove the inequality 9 · HS 2 + 4 (AH · AI + BH · BI + CH · CI) ≥ 3d2 . 83. and given a point D such that the line CD is perpendicular to the plane 13 . D respectively and and it intersects BC at M .

AC tangents C(O1 ) at A. AB at A . Q and R are collinear. CA and AB respectively. 91. 90. C of this triangle ABC intersect the sides BC. Draw AE⊥CD. A triangle ABC is given in a plane. QC1 CA. and AF intersects DE at F . and the points C1 and Q lie on opposite sides of the line AB. Prove that 2 · M N = BM + CN . P . α = d tan α tan β h= . The lines AB and CD intersect at E. Let ABCD be an arbitrary quadrilateral. B1 . B . B. 14 . tan2 α − tan2 β DAC and β = DBC. and the points B1 and Q lie on opposite sides of the line AC. Let ABC be an acute-angled triangle. C . The parallel to the side BC through the point P intersects the sides ABand AC in the points M and N. The bisectors of external angles A and C of the quadrilateral intersect at P . let A1 . c and the angles A. 92. A triangle ABC has the sidelengths a. Draw AF ⊥DE. Construct a point B1 in such a way that the convex quadrilateral AP CB1 is cyclic. Denote d = AB. In a triangle ABC. C1 . then prove that the triangle ABC is equilateral. and c lies opposite to C.ABC. C1 be the points where the excircles touch the sides BC. QB1 BA. Prove that AA1 . BB1 and CC1 are the sidelenghts of a triangle. CA. and AE intersects C(O1 ) at E. CD passing through point O1 intersects C(O1 ) at point D and tangents C(O2 ) at point C. Prove that 89. Now we have two new angles: E (this is the angle ∠AED) and F (this is the angle ∠BF A). Prove that the points B1 . Construct a point C1 in such a way that the convex quadrilateral AP BC1 is cyclic. Prove that the points P . and let P and Q be two points on its side BC. 93. C. If a (1 − 2 cos A) + b (1 − 2 cos B) + c (1 − 2 cos C) = 0. 94. and the lines BC and DA intersect at F . B. We also consider a point R of intersection of the external bisectors of these angles. Circles C(O1 ) and C(O2 ) intersect at points A. where a lies opposite to A. b. B. The internal angle bisectors of the angles A. Prove that BD bisects AF . h = CD. Let P be the point of intersection of the angle bisector of the angle A with the line B C . and Q lie on a circle. the bisectors of external angles B and D intersect at Q. where b lies opposite to B.

15 . and E the intersection of the line F L with OD. B. G2 . deﬁne G2 ∩G3 = {A. Let L be its Lemoine point and F its Fermat (Torricelli) point. Now. G2 . Three congruent circles G1 .t. 101.). 98.e. let G be a point diﬀerent from H such that the pedal triangle of G is similar to the cevian triangle of G (with respect to triangle ABC). 2) Prove that the circumcircle of triangle ABC is congruent to the given circles G1 . Let ABC be a triangle √ √ area S. Consider three circles equal radii R that have a common point H. Let the lines XP and Y Q intersect at a point N. respectively. Let l be its Euler line and l be a reﬂection of l with respect to the line AB. and let P be a point in the plane. 96. Prove that angles ACB and GCE have either common or perpendicular bisectors. Let ABXY be a convex trapezoid such that BX AY. Let P be a ﬁxed point on a conic. with Prove that AP + BP + CP ≥ 2 4 3 S. P M ⊥ P N . We call C the midpoint of its side XY. P }. They intersect also two by two in three other points diﬀerent than H. Also. Further. N be variable points on that same conic s. P }. Prove that the point N lies in the interior or on the boundary of BX 1 ≤ 3. denoted A. let H be its orthocenter and O its circumcenter. G3 . CIA. Prove that the centers of Euler’s nine. A triangle ABC is given. triangle ABC if and only if ≤ 3 AY 99.95. 1) Prove that the point P is the orthocenter of triangle ABC. P }. G3 ∩G1 = {B. Call D the intersection of l with the circumcircle diﬀerent from H (where H is the reﬂection of H with respect to the line AB). 100. A1 is the midpoint of BC. C. and we denote by P and Q the midpoints of the segments BC and CA. 97. Show that M N passes through a ﬁxed point. G3 have a common point P . and let M. AIB lie on the angle bisectors of the medial triangle A1 B1 C1 .point circles of triangle BIC. etc. Prove that the circumradius of triangle ABC is also R. G1 ∩G2 = {C. Let I be the incenter in triangle ABC and let triangle A1 B1 C1 be its medial triangle (i.

Let AB1 C1 . CL. 107. cevians AD. AB2 C2 . AB2 C3 . F . we consider the line OI as an arbitrary line passing through O. 104. Denote by A0 . Also CF and DE intersect in M. I. . 1 1 1 1 1 1 + + + + and determine when equality ≤ Prove 2 AP BP CP PD PE PF holds 105. B. AB3 C3 be directly congruent equilateral triangles. Let ABCD be a square. C0 F and OI are concurrent. (When the point O concides with I. L be the feet of the altitudes of triangle ABC from the vertices A.) 106. It is known that the area of triangle ABC is six times the area of the quadrilateral P QO2 O1 . Let A . and CF are concurrent at P. and C the circle whose diameter is AB. respectively. Let O be the circumcenter of this triangle ABC. AC + BC determine the possible value(s) of . respectively. . C. Let Q be an arbitrary point on the segment CD. K. B. B0 . meet AB at P and Q respectively. Let H. 16 . When M varies (M does not coincide with D). BK. B . respectively. CA. AB3 C1 form an equilateral triangle congruent to the ﬁrst three. centered at O1 and O2 . Given a triangle ABC. from B and C and from C and A . AB at the points D. Prove that the pairwise intersections of the circumcircles of triangles AB1 C2 . C0 the midpoints of these altitudes AH. Suppose M is a point on the side AB of triangle ABC such that the incircles of triangle AM C and triangle BM C have the same radius. B0 E. AB 103. BE. C. E. C be respectively the symmetric through M of A. show that M belongs to C. The two circles. Prove that the four lines A0 D. The incircle of triangle ABC has center I and touches the sides BC. Given an equilateral triangle ABC and a point M in the plane (ABC). Justify your claim. Prove that there exists a unique point P equidistant from A and B . We know that QA meets C on E and QB meets it on F. Tried posting this in Pre-Olympiad but thought I’d get more feed back here: For acute triangle ABC. II. Let D be the midpoint of the side AB. prove that the circumcircle of triangle M N P (N is the intersection of the line DM and AP ) pass through a ﬁxed point.102.

Given a triangle ABC. BC AC AB 3 114.108. C lie in the positive part of x-axis. 17 . and z-axis. where l > 2. . M . Some circle passes through X. 112. Given rectangle ABCD (AB = a. P and dividing the perimeter of triangle ABC into halves . In a triangle. N. and let P be a 2 point inside it. B. and AB = 2l − 1. d2 . Let ABC be an isosceles triangle with ∠ACB = . B) When does equality take place in the inequality above? 111. 113. d3 are lines throughing M. CA = 2l + 1. BC = b) ﬁnd locus of points M . Let the volume of tetrahedron ABCD be V (l). let a. N . BC = 2l. π 110. there exists at least one ratio ≥ √ . A) Show that ∠P AB + ∠P BC ≥ min(∠P CA. d3 are concurrent at K . Given the tetrahedron ABCD whose faces are all congruent. What is the maximum value of |P A| + |P B| + |P C| + |P D|. b) Prove that : KA KB KC 1 among the ratios : . Evaluate V (l) lim √ l→2 l−2 . P are the midpoints of BC. respectively. . hc the altia b c tudes to the corresponding side. ∠P CB). . AB . The vertices A. y-axis. Let a triangle ABC . b. touches the side AC and intersects the circumcircle of triangle ABC in points M and N such that the segment M N bisects BX and intersects sides AB and BC in points P and Q. A point X is chosen on a side AC. d2 . hb . so that reﬂections of M in the sides are concyclic. Prove that the circumcircle of triangle P BQ passes through a ﬁxed point diﬀerent from B. c denote the side lengths and ha . Prove that : d1 . . Prove that ( )2 + ( )2 + ( )2 ≥ 4 ha hb hc 109. CA. a) d1 . Given a regular tetrahedron ABCD with edge length 1 and a point P inside it.

Prove that the perpendicular bisectors of the segments A1 A2 . 117. A and B respectively. Let the line AC cut the circle (O2 ) again at Q. · · · . Prove that the lines l1 . Let ABC be a triangle. A C. a) Let l1 and l2 be common tangents of circles ΩA and ΩC . 118. CA. lines A B and M N intersect at P . lines B C and KL intersect at Q. AB. B C respectively. D are given in this order s. The parallel to AB through E meets DF at Q. · · · . Let the line M K cut the circle (O1 ) again at C. l2 . Denote by K the point of intersection of the two tangents to the circle (O1 ) at the points A and B. and D. Given n balls B1 . Assume that there doesn’t exist any plane separating these n balls. L be midpoints of C A. Bn . respectively. and the parallel to AB through D meets EF at T . K. Prove that the points X. Bn of radii R1 . On a line points A. Let a point M move on the circle (O1 ). B. respectively. Let M . F the points where its incircle touches the sides BC. Can we ﬁnd the midpoint of BC using only a straightedge? 120. N . E. Y and B lie on the line.t. (a) Prove that the line KM bisects the segment P Q. Let ABC be a triangle. EF and P Q have a common point.115. and erect three rectangles ABB1 A2 . DE. b) Let circles ΩA and ΩC intersect at X and Y . Let ΩA and ΩC be outcircles of triangles EAP and F CQ respectively. An incircle of a triangle ABC touches it’s sides AB. B1 B2 . · · · . 18 . B2 . C1 C2 are concurrent. QT are concurrent. Let two circles (O1 ) and (O2 ) cut each other at two points A and B. prove that the line P Q passes through a ﬁxed point. B2 . BC and CA at C . Then prove that there exists a ball of radius R1 + R2 + · · · + Rn which covers all of our n balls B1 . Prove that the lines CF . R2 . 116. CA. B A. AB = CD. Rn in space. C. Let the line M A cut the circle (O2 ) again at P . 119. BCC1 B2 . The line A C intersects lines M N and KL at E and F respectively. BC. (b) When the point M moves on the circle (O1 ). CAA1 C2 externally on its sides AB.

and M and M two points in its plane. Assume that MX AM . CA. 125. The circle through A. B1 . B1 . B2 are either collinear or concyclic. Given four distinct points A1 . Prove that IN = r ⇐⇒ a + b = 3c or b + c = 3a or c + a = 3b 122. Prove that if a sextuple of points is Pascalian. F ) in the plane a Pascalian sextuple if and only if the points of intersection AB ∩ DE. B2 . 127. C.t. The centers of three circles isotomic with the Apollonian circles of triangle ABC located on a line perpendicular to the Euler line of ABC. B2 in the plane. show that if every circle through A1 . let Y and Y be two points on the line CA. Given the triangle ABC. 126. Y . E. BY . A2 meets every circle through B1 . 123. B. and let Z and Z be two points on the line AB. If P be any point on the circumcircle of a triangle ABC whose Lemoine point is K. BY. Let’s call a sextuple of points (A. M Z CM . show that the line P K will cut the sides BC. Let ABC be a triangle. M Z CM . D. BC ∩ EF and CD ∩ F A are collinear. CZ concur if and only if the lines AX . M Y BM . M Y BM . AB and CD are not parallel. CZ concur. and a circle through C. ABCD is a convex quadrilateral s. Prove that the lines AX. A2 . B touches CD at X. D touches 19 . Z so that 3 1 1 1 = + + PK PX PY PZ where the segments are directed. AB of the triangle in points X. 124. M X AM . Let X and X be two points on the line BC.121. then each permutation of this sextuple is Pascalian. then A1 . and r is the in radius of ABC. A2 . I and N are the incenter and the Nagel point of ABC.

A B C respectively. the midpoint N of AH (H is the orthocenter). C in the sides BC. Show that A B C . 1) such that. Let A . and let A .t. which is the inverse in the circumcircle of the isogonal conjugate of the nine-point center. we draw another chord P Q of the ellipse. 20 .AB at Y . the distance between their centers is equal to their common chord. Q to the ellipse cut AB in S. Given R. Let S be the set of all polygonal surfaces in the plane (a polygonal surface is the interior together with the boundary of a non-self-intersecting polygon. CA. B. and the point A where the incircle touches BC. Show that we can ﬁnd a function f : S → (0. S1 ∪ S2 ∈ S and the interiors of S1 . A B C are homothetic. r. π 131. if S1 . 133. then f (S1 ∪ S2 ) = f (S1 ) + f (S2 ). AB respectively. given the midpoint M of BC. C be the reﬂections of the vertices A. S2 are disjoint. C be the orthocenters of AB C . Let ABC be an isosceles triangle with ∠ACB = . construct circles with radi R. B . 130. A BC . Let O be the midpoint of a chord AB of an ellipse. Through O. Show that AS = BT . These two circles intersect in U. (COC ) concur again in a point P . Show that the circles (AOA ). Show that AD BC ⇐⇒ U V bisects XY . Let O be the circumcenter of ABC. ∠P CB). r s. T respectively. 129. 134. The tangents in P. a) Show that ∠P AB + ∠P BC ≥ min(∠P CA. the polygons do not have to be convex). and let P be a 2 point inside it. 128. B . Construct triangle ABC. (BOB ). b) When does equality take place in the inequality above? 132. S2 . Let A B C be the orthic triangle of ABC. V .

B. 140. 139. unless P is one of AB ∩ CD. ωc . 21 . .t. 137. F respectively. K (for ωa ). D pass through a ﬁxed point (well. circumcircle of ABC. E. b) Show that the orthocenter of DEF lies on OP . If P = AA ∩ BD. respectively. Q = BB ∩ AD. R be its inradius and circumradius. CD respectively s.135. AB in D. ωb . in which case the polar is ﬁxed). 138. (O) in D. tangent to (I). for each three there is a line intersecting them. show that the circumcircles of the triangles AP Q share a second common point (apart from A) as P. Prove that if the hexagon A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 has all sides of length ≤ 1. A point D is chosen on the arc ACB of the circumcircle of ABC. Find the largest k > 0 with the property that for any convex polygon of area S and any line in the plane. CA. . and AA . D in the plane and another point P . AC ∩ BD. 136. Let A0 A1 . prove that there is a line intersecting all the segments. F N are concurrent in a point P . N (for ωc ). Given a ﬁnite number of parallel segments in the plane s. Q move on the sides BC. We are also given three circles ωa . E. a) Show that DK. We have an acute-angled triangle ABC. and let r. B. A3 A6 has length ≤ 2. respectiely. M (for ωb ). C. EM.t. 142. An be an n-dimensional simplex. Given a parallelogram ABCD with AB < BC. Given four points A. C. (I) touches BC. BB are its altitudes. Prove that R ≥ nr. Let (I). we can inscribe a triangle with area ≥ kS and a side parallel to in the polygon. and. 141. AD ∩ BC. (O) be the incircle. A2 A5 . then at least one of the diagonals A1 A4 . and F. show that the midpoint of P Q lies on A B . CP = CQ. the polars of P wrt the conics passing through A.

we can ﬁnd i = j ∈ 1. There is an odd number of soldiers. Pn+2 ∈ Rn . n + 2 such that Pi Pj is not an edge of the convex hull of the points Pi . . Find those n ≥ 2 for which the following holds: For any n + 2 points P1 . 144. Let ABC be a triangle inscribed in a circle of radius R. and let P be a point in the interior of triangle ABC. Let BB and CC be altitudes of the triangle (B ∈ AC. 1)). (b) Every polytope can be separated from the other n by a hyperplane. Show that there is a soldier which nobody is looking at. C ∈ AB). Show that there are no regular polygons with more than 4 sides inscribed in an ellipse. Let H be the orthocenter of the acute triangle ABC. The perpendicular lines of from M and N intersect BB and CC in P and Q. 149. the distances between all of them being all distinct. . Given n + 1 convex polytopes in Rn . Find those convex polygons which can be covered by 3 strictly smaller homothetic images of themselves (i. 146. prove that the following two assertions are equivalent: (a) There is no hyperplane which meets all n + 1 polytopes. 2 2 2 BC CA AB R 147. . 148. . no three on a line. which are training as follows: each one of them is looking at the one closest to them. 145. 22 . images through homothecies with ratio in the interval (0. Determine the locus of the midpoint of the segment [P Q]. A variable line passing through H intersects the segments [BC ] and [CB ] in M and N .143. Prove that PB PC 1 PA + + ≥ .e.

150. END.t. 23 . show that the 2nth side also passes through a ﬁxed point on . 2n − 1 of its sides pass through 2n − 1 ﬁxed point lying on a line . Given a cyclic 2n-gon with a ﬁxed circumcircle s.