1 / 1 point Question 1 The characteristic of preoperational thought in which a young child thinks that nothing changes is called: Question

options: a) conservation. b) static reasoning.

c) egocentrism. d) centration. 1 / 1 point Question 2 The Piagetian term for a particular type of centration in which the child thinks about the world only from his personal perspective is: Question options: a) conservatism. b) egocentrism. c) static reasoning.

d) irreversibility. 1 / 1 point Question 3 To focus on one aspect of a situation and simultaneously exclude all others is called: Question options: a) focusing on appearances only.

b) centration. c) magical thinking. d) static reasoning. 0 / 1 point Question 4 If a preschool child thinks a tall 20-year-old is older than a short 40-year-old, this is an example of: Question options: a) egocentrism. b) focus on appearance.

c) static thinking.

has demonstrated the concept of irreversibility. His 6-year-old son. she will have 6. 1 / 1 point Question 6 Daryl has a ball of Silly Putty. has demonstrated a scaffold. 01/ 1 point Question 5 Romy understands that if she has 4 pieces of pizza and we give her 2 more. “Naughty table!” This is an example of which of the following? Question options: a) animism b) egocentrism c) autism d) operational thinking 1 / 1 point Question 8 One of Vygotsky's most famous concepts was the zone of proximal development. 0 / 1 point Question 7 Ivan was playing under the kitchen table when he stood up suddenly and bumped his head. John. “Yes. is thinking in a static way. However. which asserts that: Question options: a) there is a certain place in a school where most learning occurs.” Piaget would say that John has: Question options: a) demonstrated scaffolding. . John replies.” When Daryl asks John if there is now more Silly Putty. she does not know what happens if she has 6 and we take away 2.d) symbolic thinking. watches as Daryl flattens the Silly Putty into a thin “pancake. b) demonstrated fast-mapping. He pointed at the table and sternly said. Piaget would say that Romy: Question options: a) b) c) d) has exhibited centration. c) not mastered the concept of conservation. d) an understanding of object permanence.

b) c) children can master some tasks with the help of others. 1 / 1 point Question 10 What is the youngest age at which most children begin to develop theories of mind? Question options: 4 years 3 b) years 2 c) years 5 d) years a) Question 11 1 / 1 point One underlying factor allowing the development of theory of mind is: Question options: a) b) c) d) centration. Question 12 A child's ability to add new vocabulary words very quickly is called: Question options: a) word mapping. the simultaneous development of magical thinking. static reasoning. 1 / 1 point maturation of the prefrontal cortex. . 1 / 1 point Question 9 Skills that the person can accomplish with assistance but can't yet perform independently are part of: Question options: a) the gap between heredity and learning. d) children can only reach a certain level of intelligence. d) the zone of proximal development. c) private speech. b) distal development. certain parts of the brain need to be activated.

d) fast-mapping. d) egocentric speech. speaks her native language fluently and speaks her second language with a slight accent. although incorrectly. to her vocalizations. fast-mapping has occurred. logical extension is now possible. 1 / 1 point Question 13 The formation of overregularization in a child's speech patterns indicates: Question options: a) b) c) he or she is able to apply grammatical rules. c) mental language. 1/1 point d) he or she is entering a sensitive period of language development. Question 16 Teacher-directed preschool programs stress: Question options: a) language. understands her native language and her second language but speaks only in her native language. d) speaks her native language and her second language both very well. That means that she: Question options: a) b) c) understands her native language but speaks her second language more fluently. 0 / 1 point .b) word charting. c) literal translation. b) overregularization . Question 1 / 1 point 15 “I catched two mices in a trap” is an example of: Question options: a) the past imperfect. Question 14 Four-year-old Graciela is a balanced bilingual.

1 / 1 point d) the War on Poverty. Skinner d) Piaget. b) a curriculum geared toward behavioral control. Question options: a) Piaget. c) Three. reinforcement for academic accomplishments. a curriculum geared toward cognitive development. Question 19 The Reggio Emilia early-childhood program focuses on: Question options: a) b) c) assimilation and accommodation skills. Vygotsky b) Skinner. 1 / 1 point Question 17 Child-centered programs are often influenced by the theories of ______ and ______. curriculum that teaches children as a whole group. c) a desk and a chair for each child. a parent should look for: Question options: a) experienced teachers. d) academics . Freud c) Vygotsky. Question 20 To find a good preschool. 1 / 1 point d) mastery of skills not typically accomplished until age 7. c) music. One Contact. b) Sesame Street. Two. experienced teachers. .b) arts. self-esteem and self-concept. Freud 1 / 1 point Question 18 Low-income children are given preschool education through: Question options: a) Head Start.

d) teachers responsive to children's needs. low teacher-child ratios. .

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