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Lecture 1 (Review)

Lecture 1 (Review)

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Review of Integration-Substitution Rule

Review of Integration–Substitution Rule
Mathematics 54–Elementary Analysis 2

Institute of Mathematics University of the Philippines-Diliman

1/6

Review of Integration-Substitution Rule

Review of Integration
Integration Formulas

9 1

un du
10

cot u du tan u du sec u du csc u du du a 2 + u2 sinh u du cosh u du sech2 u du csch2 u du

2

au du sin u du cos u du sec2 u du csc2 u du sec u tan u du csc u cot u du

11

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13

5

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6

15

7

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Review of Integration-Substitution Rule

Review of Integration–Substitution Rule
Mathematics 54–Elementary Analysis 2

Institute of Mathematics University of the Philippines-Diliman

1/6

Review of Integration-Substitution Rule

Review of Integration
Integration Formulas

9 1

un du
10

cot u du tan u du sec u du csc u du du a 2 + u2 sinh u du cosh u du sech2 u du csch2 u du

2

au du sin u du cos u du sec2 u du csc2 u du sec u tan u du csc u cot u du

11

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13

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Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule

Review of Integration–Substitution Rule
Mathematics 54–Elementary Analysis 2
Institute of Mathematics
University of the Philippines-Diliman
1/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Integration Formulas
1
_
u
n
du
=
_
¸
¸
_
¸
¸
_
u
n+1
n+1
+C, n =−1
ln|u| +C, n =−1
2
_
a
u
du
=
a
u
lna
+C, a >0, a =1
3
_
sinudu
=−cosu+C
4
_
cosudu
=sinu+C
5
_
sec
2
udu
=tanu+C
6
_
csc
2
udu
=−cot u+C
7
_
secutanudu
=secu+C
8
_
cscucot udu
=−cscu+C
9
_
cot udu
=ln| sinu| +C
10
_
tanudu
=ln| secu| +C
11
_
secudu
=ln| secu+tanu| +C
12
_
cscudu
=ln| cscu−cot u| +C
13
_
du
a
2
+u
2
=
1
a
tan
−1
_
u
a
_
+C, a =0
14
_
sinhudu
=coshu+C
15
_
coshudu
=sinhu+C
16
_
sech
2
udu
=tanhu+C
17
_
csch
2
udu
=cothu+C
2/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Integration Formulas
1
_
u
n
du =
_
¸
¸
_
¸
¸
_
u
n+1
n+1
+C, n =−1
ln|u| +C, n =−1
2
_
a
u
du
=
a
u
lna
+C, a >0, a =1
3
_
sinudu
=−cosu+C
4
_
cosudu
=sinu+C
5
_
sec
2
udu
=tanu+C
6
_
csc
2
udu
=−cot u+C
7
_
secutanudu
=secu+C
8
_
cscucot udu
=−cscu+C
9
_
cot udu
=ln| sinu| +C
10
_
tanudu
=ln| secu| +C
11
_
secudu
=ln| secu+tanu| +C
12
_
cscudu
=ln| cscu−cot u| +C
13
_
du
a
2
+u
2
=
1
a
tan
−1
_
u
a
_
+C, a =0
14
_
sinhudu
=coshu+C
15
_
coshudu
=sinhu+C
16
_
sech
2
udu
=tanhu+C
17
_
csch
2
udu
=cothu+C
2/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Integration Formulas
1
_
u
n
du =
_
¸
¸
_
¸
¸
_
u
n+1
n+1
+C, n =−1
ln|u| +C, n =−1
2
_
a
u
du =
a
u
lna
+C, a >0, a =1
3
_
sinudu
=−cosu+C
4
_
cosudu
=sinu+C
5
_
sec
2
udu
=tanu+C
6
_
csc
2
udu
=−cot u+C
7
_
secutanudu
=secu+C
8
_
cscucot udu
=−cscu+C
9
_
cot udu
=ln| sinu| +C
10
_
tanudu
=ln| secu| +C
11
_
secudu
=ln| secu+tanu| +C
12
_
cscudu
=ln| cscu−cot u| +C
13
_
du
a
2
+u
2
=
1
a
tan
−1
_
u
a
_
+C, a =0
14
_
sinhudu
=coshu+C
15
_
coshudu
=sinhu+C
16
_
sech
2
udu
=tanhu+C
17
_
csch
2
udu
=cothu+C
2/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Integration Formulas
1
_
u
n
du =
_
¸
¸
_
¸
¸
_
u
n+1
n+1
+C, n =−1
ln|u| +C, n =−1
2
_
a
u
du =
a
u
lna
+C, a >0, a =1
3
_
sinudu =−cosu+C
4
_
cosudu
=sinu+C
5
_
sec
2
udu
=tanu+C
6
_
csc
2
udu
=−cot u+C
7
_
secutanudu
=secu+C
8
_
cscucot udu
=−cscu+C
9
_
cot udu
=ln| sinu| +C
10
_
tanudu
=ln| secu| +C
11
_
secudu
=ln| secu+tanu| +C
12
_
cscudu
=ln| cscu−cot u| +C
13
_
du
a
2
+u
2
=
1
a
tan
−1
_
u
a
_
+C, a =0
14
_
sinhudu
=coshu+C
15
_
coshudu
=sinhu+C
16
_
sech
2
udu
=tanhu+C
17
_
csch
2
udu
=cothu+C
2/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Integration Formulas
1
_
u
n
du =
_
¸
¸
_
¸
¸
_
u
n+1
n+1
+C, n =−1
ln|u| +C, n =−1
2
_
a
u
du =
a
u
lna
+C, a >0, a =1
3
_
sinudu =−cosu+C
4
_
cosudu =sinu+C
5
_
sec
2
udu
=tanu+C
6
_
csc
2
udu
=−cot u+C
7
_
secutanudu
=secu+C
8
_
cscucot udu
=−cscu+C
9
_
cot udu
=ln| sinu| +C
10
_
tanudu
=ln| secu| +C
11
_
secudu
=ln| secu+tanu| +C
12
_
cscudu
=ln| cscu−cot u| +C
13
_
du
a
2
+u
2
=
1
a
tan
−1
_
u
a
_
+C, a =0
14
_
sinhudu
=coshu+C
15
_
coshudu
=sinhu+C
16
_
sech
2
udu
=tanhu+C
17
_
csch
2
udu
=cothu+C
2/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Integration Formulas
1
_
u
n
du =
_
¸
¸
_
¸
¸
_
u
n+1
n+1
+C, n =−1
ln|u| +C, n =−1
2
_
a
u
du =
a
u
lna
+C, a >0, a =1
3
_
sinudu =−cosu+C
4
_
cosudu =sinu+C
5
_
sec
2
udu =tanu+C
6
_
csc
2
udu
=−cot u+C
7
_
secutanudu
=secu+C
8
_
cscucot udu
=−cscu+C
9
_
cot udu
=ln| sinu| +C
10
_
tanudu
=ln| secu| +C
11
_
secudu
=ln| secu+tanu| +C
12
_
cscudu
=ln| cscu−cot u| +C
13
_
du
a
2
+u
2
=
1
a
tan
−1
_
u
a
_
+C, a =0
14
_
sinhudu
=coshu+C
15
_
coshudu
=sinhu+C
16
_
sech
2
udu
=tanhu+C
17
_
csch
2
udu
=cothu+C
2/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Integration Formulas
1
_
u
n
du =
_
¸
¸
_
¸
¸
_
u
n+1
n+1
+C, n =−1
ln|u| +C, n =−1
2
_
a
u
du =
a
u
lna
+C, a >0, a =1
3
_
sinudu =−cosu+C
4
_
cosudu =sinu+C
5
_
sec
2
udu =tanu+C
6
_
csc
2
udu =−cot u+C
7
_
secutanudu
=secu+C
8
_
cscucot udu
=−cscu+C
9
_
cot udu
=ln| sinu| +C
10
_
tanudu
=ln| secu| +C
11
_
secudu
=ln| secu+tanu| +C
12
_
cscudu
=ln| cscu−cot u| +C
13
_
du
a
2
+u
2
=
1
a
tan
−1
_
u
a
_
+C, a =0
14
_
sinhudu
=coshu+C
15
_
coshudu
=sinhu+C
16
_
sech
2
udu
=tanhu+C
17
_
csch
2
udu
=cothu+C
2/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Integration Formulas
1
_
u
n
du =
_
¸
¸
_
¸
¸
_
u
n+1
n+1
+C, n =−1
ln|u| +C, n =−1
2
_
a
u
du =
a
u
lna
+C, a >0, a =1
3
_
sinudu =−cosu+C
4
_
cosudu =sinu+C
5
_
sec
2
udu =tanu+C
6
_
csc
2
udu =−cot u+C
7
_
secutanudu =secu+C
8
_
cscucot udu
=−cscu+C
9
_
cot udu
=ln| sinu| +C
10
_
tanudu
=ln| secu| +C
11
_
secudu
=ln| secu+tanu| +C
12
_
cscudu
=ln| cscu−cot u| +C
13
_
du
a
2
+u
2
=
1
a
tan
−1
_
u
a
_
+C, a =0
14
_
sinhudu
=coshu+C
15
_
coshudu
=sinhu+C
16
_
sech
2
udu
=tanhu+C
17
_
csch
2
udu
=cothu+C
2/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Integration Formulas
1
_
u
n
du =
_
¸
¸
_
¸
¸
_
u
n+1
n+1
+C, n =−1
ln|u| +C, n =−1
2
_
a
u
du =
a
u
lna
+C, a >0, a =1
3
_
sinudu =−cosu+C
4
_
cosudu =sinu+C
5
_
sec
2
udu =tanu+C
6
_
csc
2
udu =−cot u+C
7
_
secutanudu =secu+C
8
_
cscucot udu =−cscu+C
9
_
cot udu
=ln| sinu| +C
10
_
tanudu
=ln| secu| +C
11
_
secudu
=ln| secu+tanu| +C
12
_
cscudu
=ln| cscu−cot u| +C
13
_
du
a
2
+u
2
=
1
a
tan
−1
_
u
a
_
+C, a =0
14
_
sinhudu
=coshu+C
15
_
coshudu
=sinhu+C
16
_
sech
2
udu
=tanhu+C
17
_
csch
2
udu
=cothu+C
2/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Integration Formulas
1
_
u
n
du =
_
¸
¸
_
¸
¸
_
u
n+1
n+1
+C, n =−1
ln|u| +C, n =−1
2
_
a
u
du =
a
u
lna
+C, a >0, a =1
3
_
sinudu =−cosu+C
4
_
cosudu =sinu+C
5
_
sec
2
udu =tanu+C
6
_
csc
2
udu =−cot u+C
7
_
secutanudu =secu+C
8
_
cscucot udu =−cscu+C
9
_
cot udu =ln| sinu| +C
10
_
tanudu
=ln| secu| +C
11
_
secudu
=ln| secu+tanu| +C
12
_
cscudu
=ln| cscu−cot u| +C
13
_
du
a
2
+u
2
=
1
a
tan
−1
_
u
a
_
+C, a =0
14
_
sinhudu
=coshu+C
15
_
coshudu
=sinhu+C
16
_
sech
2
udu
=tanhu+C
17
_
csch
2
udu
=cothu+C
2/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Integration Formulas
1
_
u
n
du =
_
¸
¸
_
¸
¸
_
u
n+1
n+1
+C, n =−1
ln|u| +C, n =−1
2
_
a
u
du =
a
u
lna
+C, a >0, a =1
3
_
sinudu =−cosu+C
4
_
cosudu =sinu+C
5
_
sec
2
udu =tanu+C
6
_
csc
2
udu =−cot u+C
7
_
secutanudu =secu+C
8
_
cscucot udu =−cscu+C
9
_
cot udu =ln| sinu| +C
10
_
tanudu =ln| secu| +C
11
_
secudu
=ln| secu+tanu| +C
12
_
cscudu
=ln| cscu−cot u| +C
13
_
du
a
2
+u
2
=
1
a
tan
−1
_
u
a
_
+C, a =0
14
_
sinhudu
=coshu+C
15
_
coshudu
=sinhu+C
16
_
sech
2
udu
=tanhu+C
17
_
csch
2
udu
=cothu+C
2/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Integration Formulas
1
_
u
n
du =
_
¸
¸
_
¸
¸
_
u
n+1
n+1
+C, n =−1
ln|u| +C, n =−1
2
_
a
u
du =
a
u
lna
+C, a >0, a =1
3
_
sinudu =−cosu+C
4
_
cosudu =sinu+C
5
_
sec
2
udu =tanu+C
6
_
csc
2
udu =−cot u+C
7
_
secutanudu =secu+C
8
_
cscucot udu =−cscu+C
9
_
cot udu =ln| sinu| +C
10
_
tanudu =ln| secu| +C
11
_
secudu =ln| secu+tanu| +C
12
_
cscudu
=ln| cscu−cot u| +C
13
_
du
a
2
+u
2
=
1
a
tan
−1
_
u
a
_
+C, a =0
14
_
sinhudu
=coshu+C
15
_
coshudu
=sinhu+C
16
_
sech
2
udu
=tanhu+C
17
_
csch
2
udu
=cothu+C
2/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Integration Formulas
1
_
u
n
du =
_
¸
¸
_
¸
¸
_
u
n+1
n+1
+C, n =−1
ln|u| +C, n =−1
2
_
a
u
du =
a
u
lna
+C, a >0, a =1
3
_
sinudu =−cosu+C
4
_
cosudu =sinu+C
5
_
sec
2
udu =tanu+C
6
_
csc
2
udu =−cot u+C
7
_
secutanudu =secu+C
8
_
cscucot udu =−cscu+C
9
_
cot udu =ln| sinu| +C
10
_
tanudu =ln| secu| +C
11
_
secudu =ln| secu+tanu| +C
12
_
cscudu =ln| cscu−cot u| +C
13
_
du
a
2
+u
2
=
1
a
tan
−1
_
u
a
_
+C, a =0
14
_
sinhudu
=coshu+C
15
_
coshudu
=sinhu+C
16
_
sech
2
udu
=tanhu+C
17
_
csch
2
udu
=cothu+C
2/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Integration Formulas
1
_
u
n
du =
_
¸
¸
_
¸
¸
_
u
n+1
n+1
+C, n =−1
ln|u| +C, n =−1
2
_
a
u
du =
a
u
lna
+C, a >0, a =1
3
_
sinudu =−cosu+C
4
_
cosudu =sinu+C
5
_
sec
2
udu =tanu+C
6
_
csc
2
udu =−cot u+C
7
_
secutanudu =secu+C
8
_
cscucot udu =−cscu+C
9
_
cot udu =ln| sinu| +C
10
_
tanudu =ln| secu| +C
11
_
secudu =ln| secu+tanu| +C
12
_
cscudu =ln| cscu−cot u| +C
13
_
du
a
2
+u
2
=
1
a
tan
−1
_
u
a
_
+C, a =0
14
_
sinhudu
=coshu+C
15
_
coshudu
=sinhu+C
16
_
sech
2
udu
=tanhu+C
17
_
csch
2
udu
=cothu+C
2/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Integration Formulas
1
_
u
n
du =
_
¸
¸
_
¸
¸
_
u
n+1
n+1
+C, n =−1
ln|u| +C, n =−1
2
_
a
u
du =
a
u
lna
+C, a >0, a =1
3
_
sinudu =−cosu+C
4
_
cosudu =sinu+C
5
_
sec
2
udu =tanu+C
6
_
csc
2
udu =−cot u+C
7
_
secutanudu =secu+C
8
_
cscucot udu =−cscu+C
9
_
cot udu =ln| sinu| +C
10
_
tanudu =ln| secu| +C
11
_
secudu =ln| secu+tanu| +C
12
_
cscudu =ln| cscu−cot u| +C
13
_
du
a
2
+u
2
=
1
a
tan
−1
_
u
a
_
+C, a =0
14
_
sinhudu =coshu+C
15
_
coshudu
=sinhu+C
16
_
sech
2
udu
=tanhu+C
17
_
csch
2
udu
=cothu+C
2/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Integration Formulas
1
_
u
n
du =
_
¸
¸
_
¸
¸
_
u
n+1
n+1
+C, n =−1
ln|u| +C, n =−1
2
_
a
u
du =
a
u
lna
+C, a >0, a =1
3
_
sinudu =−cosu+C
4
_
cosudu =sinu+C
5
_
sec
2
udu =tanu+C
6
_
csc
2
udu =−cot u+C
7
_
secutanudu =secu+C
8
_
cscucot udu =−cscu+C
9
_
cot udu =ln| sinu| +C
10
_
tanudu =ln| secu| +C
11
_
secudu =ln| secu+tanu| +C
12
_
cscudu =ln| cscu−cot u| +C
13
_
du
a
2
+u
2
=
1
a
tan
−1
_
u
a
_
+C, a =0
14
_
sinhudu =coshu+C
15
_
coshudu =sinhu+C
16
_
sech
2
udu
=tanhu+C
17
_
csch
2
udu
=cothu+C
2/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Integration Formulas
1
_
u
n
du =
_
¸
¸
_
¸
¸
_
u
n+1
n+1
+C, n =−1
ln|u| +C, n =−1
2
_
a
u
du =
a
u
lna
+C, a >0, a =1
3
_
sinudu =−cosu+C
4
_
cosudu =sinu+C
5
_
sec
2
udu =tanu+C
6
_
csc
2
udu =−cot u+C
7
_
secutanudu =secu+C
8
_
cscucot udu =−cscu+C
9
_
cot udu =ln| sinu| +C
10
_
tanudu =ln| secu| +C
11
_
secudu =ln| secu+tanu| +C
12
_
cscudu =ln| cscu−cot u| +C
13
_
du
a
2
+u
2
=
1
a
tan
−1
_
u
a
_
+C, a =0
14
_
sinhudu =coshu+C
15
_
coshudu =sinhu+C
16
_
sech
2
udu =tanhu+C
17
_
csch
2
udu
=cothu+C
2/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Integration Formulas
1
_
u
n
du =
_
¸
¸
_
¸
¸
_
u
n+1
n+1
+C, n =−1
ln|u| +C, n =−1
2
_
a
u
du =
a
u
lna
+C, a >0, a =1
3
_
sinudu =−cosu+C
4
_
cosudu =sinu+C
5
_
sec
2
udu =tanu+C
6
_
csc
2
udu =−cot u+C
7
_
secutanudu =secu+C
8
_
cscucot udu =−cscu+C
9
_
cot udu =ln| sinu| +C
10
_
tanudu =ln| secu| +C
11
_
secudu =ln| secu+tanu| +C
12
_
cscudu =ln| cscu−cot u| +C
13
_
du
a
2
+u
2
=
1
a
tan
−1
_
u
a
_
+C, a =0
14
_
sinhudu =coshu+C
15
_
coshudu =sinhu+C
16
_
sech
2
udu =tanhu+C
17
_
csch
2
udu =cothu+C
2/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 1. Evaluate
_
x
3
_
x
2
+1 dx.
Let u =x
2
+1 =⇒ du =2x dx
_
x
3
_
x
2
+1 dx =
1
2
_
x
2
· 2x
_
x
2
+1 dx
=
1
2
_
(u−1)u
1
2
du
=
1
2
_
_
u
3
2
−u
1
2
_
du
=
1
2
_
u
5
2
5
2

u
3
2
3
2
_
+C
=
(x
2
+1)
5
2
5

(x
2
+1)
3
2
3
+C
3/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 1. Evaluate
_
x
3
_
x
2
+1 dx.
Let u =x
2
+1 =⇒ du =2x dx
_
x
3
_
x
2
+1 dx =
1
2
_
x
2
· 2x
_
x
2
+1 dx
=
1
2
_
(u−1)u
1
2
du
=
1
2
_
_
u
3
2
−u
1
2
_
du
=
1
2
_
u
5
2
5
2

u
3
2
3
2
_
+C
=
(x
2
+1)
5
2
5

(x
2
+1)
3
2
3
+C
3/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 1. Evaluate
_
x
3
_
x
2
+1 dx.
Let u =x
2
+1
=⇒ du =2x dx
_
x
3
_
x
2
+1 dx =
1
2
_
x
2
· 2x
_
x
2
+1 dx
=
1
2
_
(u−1)u
1
2
du
=
1
2
_
_
u
3
2
−u
1
2
_
du
=
1
2
_
u
5
2
5
2

u
3
2
3
2
_
+C
=
(x
2
+1)
5
2
5

(x
2
+1)
3
2
3
+C
3/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 1. Evaluate
_
x
3
_
x
2
+1 dx.
Let u =x
2
+1 =⇒ du =2x dx
_
x
3
_
x
2
+1 dx =
1
2
_
x
2
· 2x
_
x
2
+1 dx
=
1
2
_
(u−1)u
1
2
du
=
1
2
_
_
u
3
2
−u
1
2
_
du
=
1
2
_
u
5
2
5
2

u
3
2
3
2
_
+C
=
(x
2
+1)
5
2
5

(x
2
+1)
3
2
3
+C
3/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 1. Evaluate
_
x
3
_
x
2
+1 dx.
Let u =x
2
+1 =⇒ du =2x dx
_
x
3
_
x
2
+1 dx
=
1
2
_
x
2
· 2x
_
x
2
+1 dx
=
1
2
_
(u−1)u
1
2
du
=
1
2
_
_
u
3
2
−u
1
2
_
du
=
1
2
_
u
5
2
5
2

u
3
2
3
2
_
+C
=
(x
2
+1)
5
2
5

(x
2
+1)
3
2
3
+C
3/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 1. Evaluate
_
x
3
_
x
2
+1 dx.
Let u =x
2
+1 =⇒ du =2x dx
_
x
3
_
x
2
+1 dx =
1
2
_
x
2
· 2x
_
x
2
+1 dx
=
1
2
_
(u−1)u
1
2
du
=
1
2
_
_
u
3
2
−u
1
2
_
du
=
1
2
_
u
5
2
5
2

u
3
2
3
2
_
+C
=
(x
2
+1)
5
2
5

(x
2
+1)
3
2
3
+C
3/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 1. Evaluate
_
x
3
_
x
2
+1 dx.
Let u =x
2
+1 =⇒ du =2x dx
_
x
3
_
x
2
+1 dx =
1
2
_
x
2
· 2x
_
x
2
+1 dx
=
1
2
_
(u−1)u
1
2
du
=
1
2
_
_
u
3
2
−u
1
2
_
du
=
1
2
_
u
5
2
5
2

u
3
2
3
2
_
+C
=
(x
2
+1)
5
2
5

(x
2
+1)
3
2
3
+C
3/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 1. Evaluate
_
x
3
_
x
2
+1 dx.
Let u =x
2
+1 =⇒ du =2x dx
_
x
3
_
x
2
+1 dx =
1
2
_
x
2
· 2x
_
x
2
+1 dx
=
1
2
_
(u−1)u
1
2
du
=
1
2
_
_
u
3
2
−u
1
2
_
du
=
1
2
_
u
5
2
5
2

u
3
2
3
2
_
+C
=
(x
2
+1)
5
2
5

(x
2
+1)
3
2
3
+C
3/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 1. Evaluate
_
x
3
_
x
2
+1 dx.
Let u =x
2
+1 =⇒ du =2x dx
_
x
3
_
x
2
+1 dx =
1
2
_
x
2
· 2x
_
x
2
+1 dx
=
1
2
_
(u−1)u
1
2
du
=
1
2
_
_
u
3
2
−u
1
2
_
du
=
1
2
_
u
5
2
5
2

u
3
2
3
2
_
+C
=
(x
2
+1)
5
2
5

(x
2
+1)
3
2
3
+C
3/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 1. Evaluate
_
x
3
_
x
2
+1 dx.
Let u =x
2
+1 =⇒ du =2x dx
_
x
3
_
x
2
+1 dx =
1
2
_
x
2
· 2x
_
x
2
+1 dx
=
1
2
_
(u−1)u
1
2
du
=
1
2
_
_
u
3
2
−u
1
2
_
du
=
1
2
_
u
5
2
5
2

u
3
2
3
2
_
+C
=
(x
2
+1)
5
2
5

(x
2
+1)
3
2
3
+C
3/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 2. Evaluate
_
5
x
e
csch5
x
csch(5
x
)coth(5
x
) dx.
Let u =csch5
x
=⇒du =−csch
_
5
x
_
coth
_
5
x
_ _
5
x
_
ln5 dx
_
5
x
e
csch5
x
csch(5
x
)coth(5
x
) dx =
−1
ln5
_
e
u
du
=
−1
ln5
e
u
+C
=
−1
ln5
e
csch5
x
+C
4/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 2. Evaluate
_
5
x
e
csch5
x
csch(5
x
)coth(5
x
) dx.
Let u =csch5
x
=⇒du =−csch
_
5
x
_
coth
_
5
x
_ _
5
x
_
ln5 dx
_
5
x
e
csch5
x
csch(5
x
)coth(5
x
) dx =
−1
ln5
_
e
u
du
=
−1
ln5
e
u
+C
=
−1
ln5
e
csch5
x
+C
4/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 2. Evaluate
_
5
x
e
csch5
x
csch(5
x
)coth(5
x
) dx.
Let u =csch5
x
=⇒du =−csch
_
5
x
_
coth
_
5
x
_ _
5
x
_
ln5 dx
_
5
x
e
csch5
x
csch(5
x
)coth(5
x
) dx =
−1
ln5
_
e
u
du
=
−1
ln5
e
u
+C
=
−1
ln5
e
csch5
x
+C
4/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 2. Evaluate
_
5
x
e
csch5
x
csch(5
x
)coth(5
x
) dx.
Let u =csch5
x
=⇒du =−csch
_
5
x
_
coth
_
5
x
_ _
5
x
_
ln5 dx
_
5
x
e
csch5
x
csch(5
x
)coth(5
x
) dx =
−1
ln5
_
e
u
du
=
−1
ln5
e
u
+C
=
−1
ln5
e
csch5
x
+C
4/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 2. Evaluate
_
5
x
e
csch5
x
csch(5
x
)coth(5
x
) dx.
Let u =csch5
x
=⇒du =−csch
_
5
x
_
coth
_
5
x
_ _
5
x
_
ln5 dx
_
5
x
e
csch5
x
csch(5
x
)coth(5
x
) dx
=
−1
ln5
_
e
u
du
=
−1
ln5
e
u
+C
=
−1
ln5
e
csch5
x
+C
4/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 2. Evaluate
_
5
x
e
csch5
x
csch(5
x
)coth(5
x
) dx.
Let u =csch5
x
=⇒du =−csch
_
5
x
_
coth
_
5
x
_ _
5
x
_
ln5 dx
_
5
x
e
csch5
x
csch(5
x
)coth(5
x
) dx =
−1
ln5
_
e
u
du
=
−1
ln5
e
u
+C
=
−1
ln5
e
csch5
x
+C
4/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 2. Evaluate
_
5
x
e
csch5
x
csch(5
x
)coth(5
x
) dx.
Let u =csch5
x
=⇒du =−csch
_
5
x
_
coth
_
5
x
_ _
5
x
_
ln5 dx
_
5
x
e
csch5
x
csch(5
x
)coth(5
x
) dx =
−1
ln5
_
e
u
du
=
−1
ln5
e
u
+C
=
−1
ln5
e
csch5
x
+C
4/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 2. Evaluate
_
5
x
e
csch5
x
csch(5
x
)coth(5
x
) dx.
Let u =csch5
x
=⇒du =−csch
_
5
x
_
coth
_
5
x
_ _
5
x
_
ln5 dx
_
5
x
e
csch5
x
csch(5
x
)coth(5
x
) dx =
−1
ln5
_
e
u
du
=
−1
ln5
e
u
+C
=
−1
ln5
e
csch5
x
+C
4/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 3. Evaluate
_
dx
4x
2
−12x+18
.
_
dx
4x
2
−12x+18
=
_
dx
4x
2
−12x+9+9
=
_
dx
(2x−3)
2
+3
2
Let u =2x−3 ⇒du =2 dx
_
dx
(2x−3)
2
+3
2
=
1
2
_
du
u
2
+3
2
=
1
2
·
1
3
tan
−1
_
u
3
_
+C
=
1
6
tan
−1
_
2x−3
3
_
+C
5/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 3. Evaluate
_
dx
4x
2
−12x+18
.
_
dx
4x
2
−12x+18
=
_
dx
4x
2
−12x+9+9
=
_
dx
(2x−3)
2
+3
2
Let u =2x−3 ⇒du =2 dx
_
dx
(2x−3)
2
+3
2
=
1
2
_
du
u
2
+3
2
=
1
2
·
1
3
tan
−1
_
u
3
_
+C
=
1
6
tan
−1
_
2x−3
3
_
+C
5/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 3. Evaluate
_
dx
4x
2
−12x+18
.
_
dx
4x
2
−12x+18
=
_
dx
4x
2
−12x+9+9
=
_
dx
(2x−3)
2
+3
2
Let u =2x−3 ⇒du =2 dx
_
dx
(2x−3)
2
+3
2
=
1
2
_
du
u
2
+3
2
=
1
2
·
1
3
tan
−1
_
u
3
_
+C
=
1
6
tan
−1
_
2x−3
3
_
+C
5/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 3. Evaluate
_
dx
4x
2
−12x+18
.
_
dx
4x
2
−12x+18
=
_
dx
4x
2
−12x+9+9
=
_
dx
(2x−3)
2
+3
2
Let u =2x−3 ⇒du =2 dx
_
dx
(2x−3)
2
+3
2
=
1
2
_
du
u
2
+3
2
=
1
2
·
1
3
tan
−1
_
u
3
_
+C
=
1
6
tan
−1
_
2x−3
3
_
+C
5/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 3. Evaluate
_
dx
4x
2
−12x+18
.
_
dx
4x
2
−12x+18
=
_
dx
4x
2
−12x+9+9
=
_
dx
(2x−3)
2
+3
2
Let u =2x−3 ⇒du =2 dx
_
dx
(2x−3)
2
+3
2
=
1
2
_
du
u
2
+3
2
=
1
2
·
1
3
tan
−1
_
u
3
_
+C
=
1
6
tan
−1
_
2x−3
3
_
+C
5/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 3. Evaluate
_
dx
4x
2
−12x+18
.
_
dx
4x
2
−12x+18
=
_
dx
4x
2
−12x+9+9
=
_
dx
(2x−3)
2
+3
2
Let u =2x−3
⇒du =2 dx
_
dx
(2x−3)
2
+3
2
=
1
2
_
du
u
2
+3
2
=
1
2
·
1
3
tan
−1
_
u
3
_
+C
=
1
6
tan
−1
_
2x−3
3
_
+C
5/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 3. Evaluate
_
dx
4x
2
−12x+18
.
_
dx
4x
2
−12x+18
=
_
dx
4x
2
−12x+9+9
=
_
dx
(2x−3)
2
+3
2
Let u =2x−3 ⇒du =2 dx
_
dx
(2x−3)
2
+3
2
=
1
2
_
du
u
2
+3
2
=
1
2
·
1
3
tan
−1
_
u
3
_
+C
=
1
6
tan
−1
_
2x−3
3
_
+C
5/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 3. Evaluate
_
dx
4x
2
−12x+18
.
_
dx
4x
2
−12x+18
=
_
dx
4x
2
−12x+9+9
=
_
dx
(2x−3)
2
+3
2
Let u =2x−3 ⇒du =2 dx
_
dx
(2x−3)
2
+3
2
=
1
2
_
du
u
2
+3
2
=
1
2
·
1
3
tan
−1
_
u
3
_
+C
=
1
6
tan
−1
_
2x−3
3
_
+C
5/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 3. Evaluate
_
dx
4x
2
−12x+18
.
_
dx
4x
2
−12x+18
=
_
dx
4x
2
−12x+9+9
=
_
dx
(2x−3)
2
+3
2
Let u =2x−3 ⇒du =2 dx
_
dx
(2x−3)
2
+3
2
=
1
2
_
du
u
2
+3
2
=
1
2
·
1
3
tan
−1
_
u
3
_
+C
=
1
6
tan
−1
_
2x−3
3
_
+C
5/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 3. Evaluate
_
dx
4x
2
−12x+18
.
_
dx
4x
2
−12x+18
=
_
dx
4x
2
−12x+9+9
=
_
dx
(2x−3)
2
+3
2
Let u =2x−3 ⇒du =2 dx
_
dx
(2x−3)
2
+3
2
=
1
2
_
du
u
2
+3
2
=
1
2
·
1
3
tan
−1
_
u
3
_
+C
=
1
6
tan
−1
_
2x−3
3
_
+C
5/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 3. Evaluate
_
dx
4x
2
−12x+18
.
_
dx
4x
2
−12x+18
=
_
dx
4x
2
−12x+9+9
=
_
dx
(2x−3)
2
+3
2
Let u =2x−3 ⇒du =2 dx
_
dx
(2x−3)
2
+3
2
=
1
2
_
du
u
2
+3
2
=
1
2
·
1
3
tan
−1
_
u
3
_
+C
=
1
6
tan
−1
_
2x−3
3
_
+C
5/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 4. Evaluate
_
0
−1
2cosh[ln(1−2x)] dx.
_
0
−1
2cosh[ln(1−2x)] dx =2
_
0
−1
e
ln(1−2x)
+e
−ln(1−2x)
2
dx
=
_
0
−1
(1−2x) +(1−2x)
−1
dx
Let u =1−2x =⇒du =−2 dx
Note: x =0 ⇒u =1 & x =−1 ⇒u =3
_
0
−1
_
(1−2x) +(1−2x)
−1
_
dx =
−1
2
_
1
3
_
u+u
−1
_
du
= −
1
2
_
u
2
2
+lnu
__
1
3
=−
1
2
[−4−ln3]
6/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 4. Evaluate
_
0
−1
2cosh[ln(1−2x)] dx.
_
0
−1
2cosh[ln(1−2x)] dx =2
_
0
−1
e
ln(1−2x)
+e
−ln(1−2x)
2
dx
=
_
0
−1
(1−2x) +(1−2x)
−1
dx
Let u =1−2x =⇒du =−2 dx
Note: x =0 ⇒u =1 & x =−1 ⇒u =3
_
0
−1
_
(1−2x) +(1−2x)
−1
_
dx =
−1
2
_
1
3
_
u+u
−1
_
du
= −
1
2
_
u
2
2
+lnu
__
1
3
=−
1
2
[−4−ln3]
6/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 4. Evaluate
_
0
−1
2cosh[ln(1−2x)] dx.
_
0
−1
2cosh[ln(1−2x)] dx
=2
_
0
−1
e
ln(1−2x)
+e
−ln(1−2x)
2
dx
=
_
0
−1
(1−2x) +(1−2x)
−1
dx
Let u =1−2x =⇒du =−2 dx
Note: x =0 ⇒u =1 & x =−1 ⇒u =3
_
0
−1
_
(1−2x) +(1−2x)
−1
_
dx =
−1
2
_
1
3
_
u+u
−1
_
du
= −
1
2
_
u
2
2
+lnu
__
1
3
=−
1
2
[−4−ln3]
6/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 4. Evaluate
_
0
−1
2cosh[ln(1−2x)] dx.
_
0
−1
2cosh[ln(1−2x)] dx =2
_
0
−1
e
ln(1−2x)
+e
−ln(1−2x)
2
dx
=
_
0
−1
(1−2x) +(1−2x)
−1
dx
Let u =1−2x =⇒du =−2 dx
Note: x =0 ⇒u =1 & x =−1 ⇒u =3
_
0
−1
_
(1−2x) +(1−2x)
−1
_
dx =
−1
2
_
1
3
_
u+u
−1
_
du
= −
1
2
_
u
2
2
+lnu
__
1
3
=−
1
2
[−4−ln3]
6/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 4. Evaluate
_
0
−1
2cosh[ln(1−2x)] dx.
_
0
−1
2cosh[ln(1−2x)] dx =2
_
0
−1
e
ln(1−2x)
+e
−ln(1−2x)
2
dx
=
_
0
−1
(1−2x) +(1−2x)
−1
dx
Let u =1−2x =⇒du =−2 dx
Note: x =0 ⇒u =1 & x =−1 ⇒u =3
_
0
−1
_
(1−2x) +(1−2x)
−1
_
dx =
−1
2
_
1
3
_
u+u
−1
_
du
= −
1
2
_
u
2
2
+lnu
__
1
3
=−
1
2
[−4−ln3]
6/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 4. Evaluate
_
0
−1
2cosh[ln(1−2x)] dx.
_
0
−1
2cosh[ln(1−2x)] dx =2
_
0
−1
e
ln(1−2x)
+e
−ln(1−2x)
2
dx
=
_
0
−1
(1−2x) +(1−2x)
−1
dx
Let u =1−2x
=⇒du =−2 dx
Note: x =0 ⇒u =1 & x =−1 ⇒u =3
_
0
−1
_
(1−2x) +(1−2x)
−1
_
dx =
−1
2
_
1
3
_
u+u
−1
_
du
= −
1
2
_
u
2
2
+lnu
__
1
3
=−
1
2
[−4−ln3]
6/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 4. Evaluate
_
0
−1
2cosh[ln(1−2x)] dx.
_
0
−1
2cosh[ln(1−2x)] dx =2
_
0
−1
e
ln(1−2x)
+e
−ln(1−2x)
2
dx
=
_
0
−1
(1−2x) +(1−2x)
−1
dx
Let u =1−2x =⇒du =−2 dx
Note: x =0 ⇒u =1 & x =−1 ⇒u =3
_
0
−1
_
(1−2x) +(1−2x)
−1
_
dx =
−1
2
_
1
3
_
u+u
−1
_
du
= −
1
2
_
u
2
2
+lnu
__
1
3
=−
1
2
[−4−ln3]
6/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 4. Evaluate
_
0
−1
2cosh[ln(1−2x)] dx.
_
0
−1
2cosh[ln(1−2x)] dx =2
_
0
−1
e
ln(1−2x)
+e
−ln(1−2x)
2
dx
=
_
0
−1
(1−2x) +(1−2x)
−1
dx
Let u =1−2x =⇒du =−2 dx
Note: x =0
⇒u =1 & x =−1 ⇒u =3
_
0
−1
_
(1−2x) +(1−2x)
−1
_
dx =
−1
2
_
1
3
_
u+u
−1
_
du
= −
1
2
_
u
2
2
+lnu
__
1
3
=−
1
2
[−4−ln3]
6/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 4. Evaluate
_
0
−1
2cosh[ln(1−2x)] dx.
_
0
−1
2cosh[ln(1−2x)] dx =2
_
0
−1
e
ln(1−2x)
+e
−ln(1−2x)
2
dx
=
_
0
−1
(1−2x) +(1−2x)
−1
dx
Let u =1−2x =⇒du =−2 dx
Note: x =0 ⇒u =1 &
x =−1 ⇒u =3
_
0
−1
_
(1−2x) +(1−2x)
−1
_
dx =
−1
2
_
1
3
_
u+u
−1
_
du
= −
1
2
_
u
2
2
+lnu
__
1
3
=−
1
2
[−4−ln3]
6/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 4. Evaluate
_
0
−1
2cosh[ln(1−2x)] dx.
_
0
−1
2cosh[ln(1−2x)] dx =2
_
0
−1
e
ln(1−2x)
+e
−ln(1−2x)
2
dx
=
_
0
−1
(1−2x) +(1−2x)
−1
dx
Let u =1−2x =⇒du =−2 dx
Note: x =0 ⇒u =1 & x =−1
⇒u =3
_
0
−1
_
(1−2x) +(1−2x)
−1
_
dx =
−1
2
_
1
3
_
u+u
−1
_
du
= −
1
2
_
u
2
2
+lnu
__
1
3
=−
1
2
[−4−ln3]
6/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 4. Evaluate
_
0
−1
2cosh[ln(1−2x)] dx.
_
0
−1
2cosh[ln(1−2x)] dx =2
_
0
−1
e
ln(1−2x)
+e
−ln(1−2x)
2
dx
=
_
0
−1
(1−2x) +(1−2x)
−1
dx
Let u =1−2x =⇒du =−2 dx
Note: x =0 ⇒u =1 & x =−1 ⇒u =3
_
0
−1
_
(1−2x) +(1−2x)
−1
_
dx =
−1
2
_
1
3
_
u+u
−1
_
du
= −
1
2
_
u
2
2
+lnu
__
1
3
=−
1
2
[−4−ln3]
6/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 4. Evaluate
_
0
−1
2cosh[ln(1−2x)] dx.
_
0
−1
2cosh[ln(1−2x)] dx =2
_
0
−1
e
ln(1−2x)
+e
−ln(1−2x)
2
dx
=
_
0
−1
(1−2x) +(1−2x)
−1
dx
Let u =1−2x =⇒du =−2 dx
Note: x =0 ⇒u =1 & x =−1 ⇒u =3
_
0
−1
_
(1−2x) +(1−2x)
−1
_
dx
=
−1
2
_
1
3
_
u+u
−1
_
du
= −
1
2
_
u
2
2
+lnu
__
1
3
=−
1
2
[−4−ln3]
6/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 4. Evaluate
_
0
−1
2cosh[ln(1−2x)] dx.
_
0
−1
2cosh[ln(1−2x)] dx =2
_
0
−1
e
ln(1−2x)
+e
−ln(1−2x)
2
dx
=
_
0
−1
(1−2x) +(1−2x)
−1
dx
Let u =1−2x =⇒du =−2 dx
Note: x =0 ⇒u =1 & x =−1 ⇒u =3
_
0
−1
_
(1−2x) +(1−2x)
−1
_
dx =
−1
2
_
1
3
_
u+u
−1
_
du
= −
1
2
_
u
2
2
+lnu
__
1
3
=−
1
2
[−4−ln3]
6/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 4. Evaluate
_
0
−1
2cosh[ln(1−2x)] dx.
_
0
−1
2cosh[ln(1−2x)] dx =2
_
0
−1
e
ln(1−2x)
+e
−ln(1−2x)
2
dx
=
_
0
−1
(1−2x) +(1−2x)
−1
dx
Let u =1−2x =⇒du =−2 dx
Note: x =0 ⇒u =1 & x =−1 ⇒u =3
_
0
−1
_
(1−2x) +(1−2x)
−1
_
dx =
−1
2
_
1
3
_
u+u
−1
_
du
= −
1
2
_
u
2
2
+lnu
__
1
3
=−
1
2
[−4−ln3]
6/ 6
Reviewof Integration-Substitution Rule
Review of Integration
Example 4. Evaluate
_
0
−1
2cosh[ln(1−2x)] dx.
_
0
−1
2cosh[ln(1−2x)] dx =2
_
0
−1
e
ln(1−2x)
+e
−ln(1−2x)
2
dx
=
_
0
−1
(1−2x) +(1−2x)
−1
dx
Let u =1−2x =⇒du =−2 dx
Note: x =0 ⇒u =1 & x =−1 ⇒u =3
_
0
−1
_
(1−2x) +(1−2x)
−1
_
dx =
−1
2
_
1
3
_
u+u
−1
_
du
= −
1
2
_
u
2
2
+lnu
__
1
3
=−
1
2
[−4−ln3]
6/ 6

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