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Ensure that all materials and energy inputs and outputs are inherently non-hazardous. Prevent waste rather than treat / clean up waste. Separation and purification operations designed to minimize energy & materials use. Products, processes and systems designed to maximize mass, energy, space and time efficiency. Use catalysts, not stoichiometric reagents. Products, processes and systems should „output pulled‟ rather than „input pushed‟ through the use of energy and materials. Recycle. Targeted durability, not immortality, should be a design goal. Design for unnecessary capacity or capability solutions should be considered a design flaw. Material diversity in multi component products should be minimized to promote disassembly and value retention. Design of products, processes and systems must include integration and interconnectivity with available energy and material flows. Products, processes & systems to be designed for performance in a commercial “afterlife”. Material and energy inputs should be renewable rather than depleting.