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Wildlife

Wildlife

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meat and other foods. Some animals like the Indian cheetah due to this are now extinct. thepast few decades have seen the greed and negligence of human beings working to thedetriment of this rich wildlife.Wildlife Conservation Efforts in India Introduction The Indian subcontinent boasts of serving as the natural habitat of a large and variedwildlife. continuous efforts are being made by someanxious animal lovers to protect the endangered species of wildlife as well as those thatare on the verge of extinction and thus save the world from running out its greenheritage. Importance of wildlife conservation D ue to the growing impact of deforestation. fibers. to protect the rich wildlife of the subcontinent.The beauty and variety we see in the jungles of India is difficult to be expressed inwords and I bring together the breadth through pictures in this project . and skins and furs. Manywild plants provide useful substances like timber.Conservation of Indian wildlife was not given the requisite importance for a long time. gums etc. wild creatures exaggerate the natural beauty of the earth. animal . habitat destruction and conflict withhumans have resulted in a rapid decline in the population of most of the wild animalsand birds. Numerous wildlife conservationprojects have been undertaken in India. Today. to preserve this natural wealth. The ³Save the Tiger´ campaign by Aircelwhich isdiscussed here. efforts are being made towards wildlifeconservation in India. y Economic value: The financial value of wild species is important to theeconomies of several nations. paper.I am a wildlife fan and have been to a fair number of national parks around the country. Wildlife is important for four main reasons: y Beauty: Wild life provides aesthetic value to man. The sub-continent with it¶s varied geographical spread from the Himalayas inthe north to the Cauvery basin in the south and the Kutch region in the west to theplains of Assam in East present a diverse range of environmental conditions for some of the most magnificent as well as the rarest wildlife species of the world in India to exist. And they alsohave wide applications in Ayurveda and other branches of medicine. the government as well as the people slowly and gradually understood their responsibility in this context. The private sector has also startedstepping in as part of their corporate social responsibility to bring about this change andincrease people¶s awareness. However.However. both at the government as well as the individuallevel. By their unique way of existence.In this project I analyze the threat to wildlife in India and then extensively report theefforts of the government. societies. as it provides many valuable substances like woodand other plant products. Large-scale poaching. groups and individuals. y Scientific value: Most important contribution of wild life for human progress isavailability of large genepool for the scientists to carry breeding programmes inagriculture.

the park serves as the perfect example of itsecosystem. To reverse this trend. The park holds the distinction of being the only natural habitat of AsiaticLions in the whole world. The park was established in the year 1936 and at that point of time.By studying wildlife. along with habitat loss. surging forests and open meadows.husbandry and fishery. D esert National Park is located in the Jaisalmer city of Rajasthan. falling in the Idukki district of Kerala. over an area of 3150 sq km. has led to arapid decline in the population of wild animals. These parks andsanctuaries are serving as the natural abode of the majority of wildlife and helping in theaugmentation of their population. However. The lake that constitutes a major portion of the park came into existence after adam was constructed on the Periyar River. numerous nationalparks as well as wildlife sanctuaries have been set up in India.Sundarbans National ParkSundarbans National Park forms a part of the largest delta created by the Ganga .Wildlife helps in maintaining the balanced living systemsof earth.Manas National Park of India boasts of amazing wildlife as well as picturesque beauty.Sultanpur Bird SanctuarySultanpur National Park falls under the Gurgaon district of Haryana. it was known as the Hailey National Park. It is situated on theGurgaonFarukh Nagar Road. N ational Parks of India The topography of Indian subcontinent is so varied that it supports a wide variety of wildlife. established in the Junagarh district of Gujarat.Sariska National Park lies nestled in the Aravali Hill ranges of Rajasthan. over a coverage area of approximately 437 sq km.Gir National ParkGir National Park. y Wild life of a country is its cultural asset. There is a huge population of animals as well as birds living in the wild regionsof the country.Bandipur National ParkBandipur National Park is situated at the confluence of D eccan Plateau and WesternGhat Mountains. The wildlife park falls under the Chamarajanagar district of the South-Indian state of Karnataka.The park is situated in the Kamrup district of the northeastern state of Assam. In the following lines. the threat of poaching. I have covered some of thefamous Indian national park and wildlife sanctuary in India and provided a list at thebottom of the others covering most of them : Bandhavgarh National ParkBandhavgarh National Park is spread across the Vindhya hills of Madhya Pradesh. in the year 1895.Periyar National Park lies nestled in the Western Ghats. Stretching in the Thar D esert.Jim Corbett National ParkJim Corbett National Park is situated in the foothills of the Himalayas and comes under the state of Uttaranchal. scientists havegained valuable knowledge about various life processes and discoveredimportant medical products y Survival value: To maintain ecological 'balance of nature' and maintain foodchain and nature cycles. which consequently ensures survival of life. at a distance of 15 km from Gurgaon. Sariska wasdeclared as a wildlife sanctuary in the year 1958. is spread over an areaof 1412 sq km. The topography of the park ischaracterized by sharp ridges.

are affecting not onlyhumans. y With the increase in tourism. . Corbett. living in such water bodies. The natural habitat as well as migration patterns of the animals and birds is experiencing disturb patterns. These personal watercrafts enter shallow waters andexpel nesting birds from their roosts. apart fromleading to a damage of the natural habitat of birds and animals. Pench. y The wildlife of coastal areas is constantly disturbed by personal watercrafts. y Releasing of chemicals and other toxic effluents into the water bodies has led topoisoning of the water. Even after the establishment of wildlife sanctuaries and nationalparks. y Tourism in the national parks of the country is increasing day by day. but also the wildlife. Nature Camps and JungleLodges. Bandipur. The wildlife sanctuaries of India have becomeovercrowded and their capacity has decreased to quite an extent. y Last but not the least. but also destroy their naturalhabitat. Wildlife conservation projects andprograms To promote wildlife awareness among the people. Innocent campfires started by visitors have.andBrahmaputra Rivers. Panna. Ranthambhore. led tomenacing wildfires. The animals and birds drinking such water face a fatalthreat. but encourageeco-tourism as well.Kanha. the Indian government has startedvarious natural projects and programs such as Project Tiger. the parks have witnessed an increase in wildfiresalso. more often than not. Till date. is declining at afast pace. Its core area is made up of the largest mangrove forest in theworld.Project Tiger was formed in 1972 and launched on the 1st April 1973 at CorbettNational Park. the threat of poaching has not been totally eliminated. Such activities are disturbing the matingpattern of birds. the threat of poaching has been haunting the wildlife of India since ages. These projects not only help to preserve our natural heritage. Th reats to Wildlife The major threats being faced by the wildlife in India are: y The problem of overcrowding is one of the major reasons for the depletingpopulation of wild animals in India. y The climate changes taking place in the world today. like jet skis or wave runners. One of thereasons for this is a rise in the popularity of eco-tourism and adventure tourism. the project has been the most successful one in preserving thetiger population at Tiger Reserves in Bandhavgarh. These fires not only kill animals.This has led to a growth in vehicle pollution and wildlife road fatalities. Even the population of fish.

The Friends of the D oon (Uttaranchal) and Bali Nature and Wild LifeConservation Society (West Bengal). Friends of Forests(Maharashtra). Nagaland. This information plays a critical role in the development of newstrategies to protect Indian wildlife.Kerala. Nature Conservation Society Amravati(Maharashtra). tiger reserveauthorities. a centrally sponsored scheme. which conserves the Hangulor Kashmiri Stag.More than 4000 forest and police officers have received training in more than 63workshops which have been held in 16 states across India. There's also D achigam National Park. y They conduct Wildlife Law Enforcement Workshops for enforcement agencies.D udhwa. was launched in February 1992 toprovide financial and technical support to major elephant bearing states in India for protection of elephants. Manas and Sariska. Assam. Sunderbans. Su mmarization of t h e WildlifeConservation work done by t h e WildlifeProtection S ociety of India (WP S I) WPSI collaborates with state governments to monitor the illegal wildlife trade andprovide them with hands-on training and support to combat poaching and the illegalwildlife trade. there is the Gir National Park. is being implemented in 13 States and Union Territories inIndia. the Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP). involving 25 ElephantReserves across the country. Uttaranchal. Uttar Pradesh andWest Bengal. North Eastern Society for Preservation of Nature and Wildlife (WestBengal). the Wildlife Institute of India. Jharkhand. the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI). Andhra Pradesh. All these reservesact as Conservation Centers for tigers in India. Rhino Foundation for Nature (Assam). the Indian Institute of Criminology. They have also givenspecialist presentations to the National Police Academy.100 wildlifecases and is continuously updated with inputs from their countrywide network of investigators.The NGOsThere are also various NGOs working on wildlife conservation in India such as WildlifeSociety of Orissa (Orissa). TheKaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary is Assam is renowned for protecting the endangered one-horned Rhinoceros. namely. the only habitat for Asiatic lions in India. Customs and Excise. Orissa. and enforcement training centres.Besides. y TheWildlife Crime D atabasebuilt by them has details of over 19. The Project. Nature's Beckon (Assam). Tamil Nadu. Arunachal Pradesh. Meghalaya. Karnataka. their habitats and corridors. o .Project Elephant.

the ecological impact of forest resource extraction. Orissa. y They have now broadened the scope of their activities to deal with other criticalissues such as human-animal conflict involving tigers. they have assisted in the arrests of over 375 wildlife criminalsand seizures of massive amounts of illegal wildlife products. Uttarakhand and West Bengal.In 2005 and 2006. y The most important aspect of the job now is in constantly liaising with policymakers and international conservation agencies. The results of the investigation and condemnation of the trade by the D alaiLama have since sparked a massive movement by Tibetans to end the use of wild animal skins A nnex u re S ampling of t h . and the plight of the snow leopard. They also file petitions on important wildlifeconservation issues. published in2006. WPSI and the UK. leopards and elephants. TheirLegal Programmesupported the prosecution of over 151 wildlife courtcases in 13 Indian states.WPSI was the first organisation to expose the workings of the shahtooshtrade and its links with the trade in tiger parts.based Environmental Protection Agency(EIA) carried out a joint investigation into the tiger and leopard skin trade in theTibet Autonomous Region and other provinces in China. They also support research projects on issues as diverse as tiger censustechniques.They uncovered this trade inthe mid-1990s. particularly tiger parts. Their findings revealeda hitherto unknown scale of trade in Asian big cat skins that were being tradedand worn as status symbols in Tibet. andproduced a path-breaking report on the subject in 1997 ³Fashioned for Extinction: An Expose of the Shahtoosh Trade´. MadhyaPradesh. y WPSI has been in the forefront of media campaigns to highlight the importanceof wildlife protection. particularly on issuesconcerning poaching and the illegal wildlife trade. These include poaching and trade cases that involvetiger and other endangered species. including encroachments in protected areas. y Over the years. otter andsea turtle in the States of Assam. Jharkhand. Our investigations were compiled in a report ± ³Skinning the Cat: Crime and Politics of the Big Cat Skin Trade´. y They support Conservation Projects for species as varied as the tiger. Maharashtra. while investigating the smuggling of tiger bones. Chhattisgarh.

Indian RhinocerosIndian Rhinoceros holds the distinction of being the fourth largest animal. making the AsiaticLion almost synonymous with the Indian Lion. Infact. while the female is known as Peahen. known with the scientific name of 'Elephasmaximusindicus'. Assam (India) and Nepal. It is mainly found in the Indian subcontinent. a member of Accipitridae family. it may go upto 17 years. the country ishome to some of the most rare and magnificent wild animals. stretching from northern Greece. However. Indian culture preaches respect for each andevery form of life.Indian Snow LeopardSnow leopard is a native animal of mountain ranges of central and southern Asia.228 species of birds found in India.Numerous bird sanctuaries have been set up in the country to provide the birds with anatural habitat and augment their population. it is the fourth largest of the four 'bigcats' of the Panthera genus. it is also found in a number of other Asian countries. Tibet.e wildlife of India Indian subcontinent has a rich and varied biodiversity to boast of.PeacockBlue peacock is regarded as one of the most beautiful birds throughout the world. is asubspecies of the Asian Elephant.Indian ElephantIndian elephant.Snow leopards can live for a maximum of 18 years in then wild. Peacock is the name given to a malepeafowl. like Bangladesh.In this section.Indian Clouded LeopardClouded leopards belong to the Neofelis genus and have the scientific name of Neofelisnebulosa. all of them today beautifully reflect the rich natural life of thecountry. to central India. that to inthe scrub forested areas. etc. in cases of captivity. Scientifically known as Pavocristatus(Linnaeus). is scientifically knownas Spilornischeela. However. It isalso the National Bird of the Indian subcontinent. Bhutan. which . I have provided information on some of the wild animals and birds fromIndia:Indian Asiatic Lion Asiatic Lions once used to roam around the area. Most of the wild animalsof India are being protected from poaching as well as habitat loss through the numerousnational parks and wildlife sanctuaries. There are also a large number of resident birds in India. with a long and slender neck. Sasin.However. which is found in the Bengal region of the Indiansubcontinent.IralaiMaan and Krishna Jinka. The average lifespan of a clouded leopard is 11 years in the wild.Known by the scientific name of Pantherapardus.across Southwest Asia. Known by the scientific name of Rhinoceros unicornis. One of the most common tiger subspecies. Indian LeopardIndian leopard is one of the 8-9 valid leopard subspecies found throughout the world. Still.Crested Serpent EagleIndian Crested Serpent Eagle. One can also find some of the rarest wild bird species in the subcontinent. It is a specialist reptile eater. today the natural habitat of themajestic animal has been reduced to the Gir forests of India only. greedy individuals as well as the everincreasing population are putting pressure on the peaceful existence of Indian wildanimals. including wildlife. some native and someintroduced. The scientific name of the black buck antelope is Antilopecervicapra and it natural habitat is the Indian subcontinent.Indian Black BuckIndian black buck is also known by a number of other names like Kala Hiran. approximately 82 species have been listedas threatened in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals (IUCN 2006). the Peafowl of India is a swan-sized bird.Bengal Tiger Bengal tiger is a subspecies of tiger. It is also known as Ounce and has a scientific name of "Pantherauncia". after the threeelephant species.including India. Nepal. Myanmar. Of the 1. the animal isfound in only two places in the world.

Jungle Bush QuailJungle bush quail bird is one of the species of quails found in South Asia.Scientifically known as Bucerosbicornis. The averagelifespan of the Great Pied Hornbill of India exceeds 35 years and may go upto 50 yearsin captivity. now known as Uttarakhand. Sharing itsboundary with Bandipur National Park. However. One can get a glimpse of theJungle bush quails of India mainly when they burst out into flight from under thevegetation. The bird isusually seen in small coveys and is quite shy by nature. known as Ardeidae.Keoladeo Ghana National Park.StorkIndian stork is one of the 17 different species of storks found throughout the world. in the foothills of the Himalayas.mainly hunts snakes and lizards. The natural habitat of thestorks comprises of Indian fields.Greylag GooseGreylag goose.Great Indian HornbillGreater Indian Hornbill is considered to be the largest member of the hornbill family. Indonesia. Itis found mostly inhabiting the tropical and sub tropical areas.Valley of Flowers National Park is nestled in the Himalayan ranges of . D udhwa National Park falls under the Lakhimpur-Kheri district of Uttar Pradesh. Anseranser. the Malay Peninsula and Sumatra. Theonly continent where storks are not found is that of Antarctica. Gray Lag Goose is a very frequent winter visitor tothe north regions of the Indian subcontinent. It issituated along the India-Nepal border.Kanha National Park is one of the most famous habitats of the tiger in the whole world.Ranthambore National Park forms a part of the SawaiMadhopur D istrict of Rajasthan. situated in the Bharatpur city of Rajasthan.Heron Indian heron belongs is a member of the large wading bird family.Nagarhole National Park is situated at the southern tip of Karnataka. is one of the Old World species of birds and was known inthe pre-Linnean times as Wild Goose.situated in the valleys of the state of Madhya Pradesh. Indian heronscan also be seen in temperate areas. savannas and marshes. is one of themajor attractions of India.Rajaji National Park is situated in the state of Uttaranchal.Nanda D evi National Park is situated in the Chamoli district of Uttaranchal. it is usually found inhabiting the forests of Indian subcontinent. There is one major characteristic thatdistinguishes herons from the other birds. L isting of t h e balance national parks int h e co u ntry : D achigam National Park is situated in the state of Jammu and Kashmir.The park is nestled on the intersection of the Aravalli hill range and the Vindhya hillrange. the park covers an area of approximately 643km. It has ancestral relations with the domesticatedgeese of Europe and North America.

Uttaranchal.Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in the South-Indian state of Kerala. stretching over theforest belt between the Western Ghats and the Nilgiri Mountains..Mukurthi National Park is situated in the Nilgiri district of Tamil Nadu... of 12 Leave a Comment Top of Form Comment must not be empty..Mudumalai National Park is situated in the state of Tamil Nadu. You must be logged in to leave a comment.Little Rann of Kutch Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in Gujarat.very helpful for me n i think would be for every1 reply5 days ago Amit Srivastava farji reply06 / 05 / 2012 Raj Sharma i wanted the conclusion reply06 / 05 / 2012 .very helpful for me n i think would be for every1 reply4 days ago faizahmed786 gud one. Submit Characters: 400 Bottom of Form Ammy Setia gud replyabout 22 hours ago Archna Gupta gud one.

..... Submit Characters: ... You must be logged in to leave a comment...... Rating: (1 Rating) Upload Date: 04/17/2011 Copyright: Attribution Non-commercial Tags: This document has no tags.fr helpng me 2 com.... Bottom of Form Wildlife Conservation Efforts in India Download or Print 44....... my project reply06 / 02 / 2012 Show More Top of Form Comment must not be empty.... Flag document for inapproriate content This is a private document....Abdirahman Abdi man dis helps...... Uploaded by Sushant Dwivedy Follow Download Embed Doc Copy Link Add To Collection ..lol reply06 / 04 / 2012 Shreya Dhanuka tttttthankxx a lottttttttttttttttttt........ssssssssssssssss!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!1 reply06 / 04 / 2012 Abdirahman Abdi thanks alot just helped me wid my geo proj.670 Reads Info and Rating Category: Uncategorized.

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