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1. Invoking executive privilege has created situations that A. protect the president from standing trial while in office. B. protect the first lady from handing over personal materials to special prosecutors. C. result in Supreme Court decisions ordering the president to give sensitive materials to investigators. D. create the need for new laws defining what executive privilege means. E. have rallied public opinion to support the president using this power.
2. The amount of access cabinet secretaries have to the president is most likely to be controlled by the A. vice president. B. president’s chief of staff. C. national security advisor D. first lady. E. president’s press secretary. 3. In U.S. history, 8 vice-presidents have become presidents because of the death of their predecessor. Vice presidents who FIRST became president through election. not death of predecessor, include: A. 10 additional vice-presidents B. no other vice presidents C. two vice-presidents: Theodore Roosevelt and Harry Truman D. only three vice-presidents: Martin Van Buren, Richard Nixon, and George Bush E. two vice-presidents in this century and three in the19th century 4. All of the following are powers given to the presidency in Article II of the Constitution except: A. to make treaties without the consent of Congress B. to serve as commander-in-chief of the armed forces C. to reprieve and pardon for federal offenses D. to convene Congress in special session E. to commission officers of the armed forces 5. Executive privilege A. is protected by the Constitution, Article II
B. was not claimed by any president before Richard Nixon C. is not protected by the Constitution, but is established through numerous Supreme Court decisions D. is claimed by presidents through tradition and was not seriously challenged until the 1970s E. is no longer an accepted belief since the Supreme Court declared it unconstitutional in 1973 6. Which of the following methods is used by the president who wants to persuade recalcitrant members of Congress to vote for a particular bill? A. transfers members who oppose the bill to unpopular committees B. denies campaign funds to members who oppose the bill C. threatens to deny renomination to members who oppose the bill D. threatens to veto a different bill that enjoys bipartisan support in Congress E. makes a direct appeal to the public 7. Which is true about the War Powers Act? A. It overturned the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution. B. It gave Congress the power to appoint the head of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. C. It gave the president the authority to declare war. D. It established procedures when U.S. troops were under the command of the US during peacekeeping missions. E. It directed the president to be accountable to the Congress if he sent troops to foreign countries. 8. After Congress passes an appropriations bill, the president may do all the following except A. send it directly to the Supreme Court for judicial review. B. veto it, sending it back to Congress with the reasons for rejecting it. C. let it become law after 10 working days by not doing anything about it. D. not sign it after Congress adjourns, exercising a pocket veto. E. sign it, so that it becomes law 9. Which of the following is responsible for the preparation of executive spending proposals submitted to Congress? A. Treasury Department B. Federal Trade Commission C. Council of Economic Advisors D. Dept. of Commerce E. Office of Management and Budget
10. In choosing members of the cabinet, the president usually seeks out people who A. exclusively come from his own political party. B. are primarily from the business community. C. will remain loyal to the president. D. come from a cross section of American socioeconomic life. E. are former government officials. 11. Which of the following is true about senatorial courtesy? A. Senators have final say regarding presidential judicial appointments. B. Senators of the state from which the candidate comes are consulted by the president prior to the candidate’s appointment as a federal judge. C. Senators rely on the expertise of the fellow senators before approving judicial appointments. D. Senators consult with the American Bar Association before voting on judicial appointments. E. Senators poll their constituents before deciding on whether to accept a presidential appointment. 12. In recent years, presidents have come to rely most heavily on the advice of A. the full Cabinet. C. congressional delegations. B. the Vice president. D. the White House Staff. E. experienced interns. 13. All the following help to explain the president’s difficulty in controlling agencies EXCEPT A. agency officials often have political support from interest groups. B. agency staff often have information and technical expertise that the president and presidential advisors lack. C. the president can only fire agency appointees if the Senate agrees. D. civil servants who remain in their jobs through changes of administrations develop loyalties to their agencies. E. Congress often competes for influence over federal agencies.
14. Which of the following accounts for the fact that the power and prestige of the presidency have grown since 1930? I. America’s increased prominence in international affairs. II. Continually improved public confidence in the Federal government. III. The New Deal and other programs that have expanded Federal responsibility.
IV. The president’s increased visibility, due to the development of mass media.
A. I, only C. I, III, and IV only E. II, III, and IV only
B. I and IV, only D. II and IV only
15. Historically, presidential vetoes A. are rarely overridden by Congress B. are routinely overridden by Congress C. have been used frequently by almost all presidents D. have been used least frequently by such strong presidents as T. Roosevelt, Franklin Roosevelt, and Harry Truman. E. have been used more frequently by recent presidents than those earlier in the century. 16. Which of the following requires a vice president who assumes the presidency to nominate a new vice president? A. 25th Amendment C. Succession Act of 1886 B. Succession Act of 1947 D. Constitution, Article II E. Fourteenth Amendment 17. Which of the following is a characteristic of the Electoral College? A. It mandates presidential electors to vote for the candidate they are pledged to. B. It establishes a power base for third-party candidates. C. It has resulted in frequent occasions when a president wins the electoral vote but not the popular vote. D. It became part of the Constitution to give more power to the voters. E. It gives the House of Representatives the power to determine who will be president if no candidate gets a majority of the electoral vote.
18. Using the bully pulpit refers to a president A. calling upon members of his cabinet to influence legislation B. using the power and influence of his office to exert pressure by appealing to the public C. using his veto power to reject legislation D. signing a piece of legislation into law E. his attendance at services on the sabbath
19. The principle of executive privilege relates to which constitutional doctrine? A. shared powers C. reserved powers B. judicial review D. separation of powers E. federalism 20. Historically, the approval rating of the president usually A. remains around 50% during his entire term. B. fluctuates depending on his response to national and international problems. C. is lowest during times of war. D. is highest toward the end of his presidency. E. depends on the kind of media coverage he gets. 21. The president and Congress have all of the following powers in dealing with proposed legislation EXCEPT A. the president has the authority to hold onto legislation after Congress adjourns without signing it. B. the president may issue a veto after receiving legislation passed by both houses of Congress. C. the House and Senate may send different versions of the same bill to the president for consideration. D. Congress may override a presidential veto by 2/3 vote of each house. E. Congress may adjourn before a President signs or veto's legislation. 22. Among the executive branch’s checks on the legislative branch is the president’s power to A. call special sessions of Congress B. introduce bills to the floor of Congress C. address Congress during its debate on bills D. vote on acts of Congress E. disband congressional committees 23. Unlike a treaty, an executive agreement A. is not binding B. does not involve international relations C. can be enforced by the military D. automatically expires after one year E. does not require Senate’s approval 24. Examples of people on the White House staff include all of the following EXCEPT
A. the Chief of Staff C. the National Security Advisor B. the White House cook D. the vice president E. the press secretary 25. When an international event that is interpreted as an imminent threat to the US takes place, the immediate effect in the president’s approval rating is usually A. a sharp increase C. a slight increase B. a sharp decline D. a slight decline E. no change at all 26. An alternate manner in which a president can implement programs without congressional approval is by A. appointing a member of the opposing political party to the cabinet. B. issuing an executive agreement C. sending a controversial legislation to the electorate for a referendum. D. making a speech in front of a group that opposes him. E. holding a press conference. 27. Which of the following characteristics of the office of the prime minister is also true of the U.S. presidency? A. He/she is chosen by the members of the legislature. B. She/he is a party leader and is selected on the basis of ability to hold the party together. C. He/she selects most of the close advisors and high-level administrators in the executive branch. D. She/he can be taken out of office by a vote of confidence in the government. E. It almost always has a majority in the legislature; thus executive and legislative branches almost always are dominated by the same party.
28. In U.S. vs. Nixon, the Supreme Court ruled A. there is no such thing as executive privilege. B. the president does not have the right of impoundment. C. the legislative veto is unconstitutional. D. executive privilege does not allow the president to withhold evidence from a criminal investigation. E. the line-item veto is unconstitutional.
29. The only official task of the vice-president is to A. advise the president in foreign affairs. B. preside over the Senate and vote in case of a tie. C. serve as the president’s good will ambassador to other countries. D. chair government commissions at the president’s request. E. serve as chairman of the joint chiefs-of-staff. 30. Invocation of the War Powers Act of 1973 would be most important in determining A. the nature of the commitment of US Marines to a peace-keeping role in Serbia. B. the amount of financial aid to the Contras of Nicaragua. C. the timing of naval maneuvers off the coast of Libya. D. the appointment of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. E. the legality of extraditing foreign agents responsible for acts of terrorism.
31. A President attempting to influence Congress to pass a legislative program might employ all of the following strategies EXCEPT A. using the media to draw attention to the legislative program B. assigning legislative liaisons in the Executive Office of the President to lobby legislation C. denying campaign reelection funds to legislators who oppose the President’s policy stand D. exploiting a partisan majority of the President’s party in both the House and the Senate E. reminding legislators of high popularity ratings for the President in public opinion polls 32. Presidents have had the most success in changing the direction of decisions of the federal judiciary by A. threatening to ask Congress to impeach specific judges B. using the media to build consensus for the president’s position C. requesting that Congress reduce the term of office that judges may serve D. using the appointment process to select judges with judicial philosophies similar to those of the president E. pressuring Congress to pass the appropriate legislation to override judicial opinions
33. Which of the following is a significant trend in the presidential nominating process on
the last three decades? A. replacement of national party conventions by national primaries for each party B. increasing importance of presidential primaries rather than state conventions C. a sharply declining role for political action committees D. decreasing cost of campaigns E. increasing control by political party leaders over outcomes 34. All the following powers are granted to the President by the Constitution EXCEPT A. commissioning officers in the armed forces B. addressing the Congress on the state of the union C. receiving Ambassadors D. granting pardons for federal offenses E. forming new cabinet-level departments 35. In which of the following did Congress move to regain powers previously lost to the executive branch? A. Budget and Impoundment Control Act B. Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act C. Presidential Disability Act D. Gulf of Tonkin Resolution E. Persian Gulf War Resolution 36. Which of the following is articulated in the War Powers Resolution? A. the President may declare war B. the President must finance any war efforts from a special contingency fund C. the President must bring troops home from hostilities within 60 to 90 days unless Congress extends the time D. the President may not nationalize state militias without congressional consent E. the President may not send troops into hostilities without a declaration of war from Congress or a resolution from the United Nations 37. Which of the following procedures results in the removal of the President from office? A. The House and Senate vote for impeachment and the Supreme Court reaches a guilty verdict B. The House votes for impeachment, and the Senate conducts a trial and reaches a guilty verdict C. The House and Senate both vote for a bill of impeachment D. Only the House votes for a bill of impeachment
E. A criminal court finds the President guilty of “high crimes and misdemeanors”
38. When selecting a vice-presidential candidate, a presidential nominee is usually concerned primarily with choosing a running mate who A. has significant personal wealth B. adds balance and appeal to the national ticket C. comes from the same ideological wing of the party as the President D. can serve as the most important domestic policy adviser to the President E. can effectively preside over the Senate 39. All the following have contributed to an increase in presidential power in the post-1945 era EXCEPT A. tensions between the USA and the Soviet Union during the Cold War period B. increasing US involvement in international affairs C. an increase in public expectations for services from the federal government D. economic and domestic problems such as inflation, unemployment and civil rights issues E. legislation granting the President the power to impound funds appropriated by Congress 40. The request of recent Presidents for the line-item veto is a challenge to which of the following principles? A. Separation of Powers C. Eminent Domain B. Senatorial courtesy D. Executive privilege E. Congressional oversight 41. Which of the following form an “iron triangle”? A. President, Congress, Supreme Court B. President, House majority leader, Senate majority leader C. Interest group, Senate majority leader, House majority leader D. Executive department, House majority leader, President E. Executive department, Congressional committee, interest group 42. Cabinet members often do not have a dominant influence on presidential decision-making because A. cabinet members generally maintain close independent ties to Congress B. cabinet members generally view their position only as a stepping-stone to further their own political ambitions C. cabinet members are not permitted to disagree publicly with the President
D. presidential goals often conflict with the institutional goals of individual cabinet-level agencies E. only half of all cabinet members can be members of the President’s party
43. Executive agreements have been cited as evidence that A. modern Presidents often try to avoid legislative checks and balances on their authority B. the executive branch has become too large and bureaucratic C. Presidents have less power in handling foreign policy than in handling domestic policy D. interest groups have too much power in the contemporary governmental system E. the courts have few means of limiting Presidential power 44. In recent presidential administrations, the principal staff for the President has been made up of members of the A. cabinet C. White House Office B. Congress D. civil service E. national committee of the President’s party 45. When Presidents have refused to furnish officially requested information, they have most often relied on which of the following? A. National supremacy C. Executive veto B. Executive clemency D. Executive privilege E. Impoundment 46. The President can do which of the following without seeking the consent of either the House or the Senate? A. ratify a treaty C. appoint ambassadors B. deploy troops D. declare war E. appoint district court judges 47. During an international crisis, the President’s popularity in public opinion polls usually does which of the following? A. declines somewhat because of the tension in the electorate B. increases as the public unites in support of the President C. stays about the same because the public is clueless about international affairs D. declines initially and then increases E. declines dramatically because the public fears war
48. Senate confirmation is required for which of the following Presidential appointments? I. Secretary of State II. White House Chief of Staff III. Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation IV. Attorney General A. I only B. II and III only C. II and IV only D. I, III, and IV only E. I, II, III, and IV
49. Which of the following describes the President’s cabinet? A. it consists of career civil servants and advises the President on policy B. it has little collective power, though individual cabinet members may be powerful C. its members hold office for fixed terms that coincide with the President’s D. its members are generally selected from among current or former members of Congress E. its members vote on all major policy issues 50. Since the 1970’s. Presidents have made use of executive orders at an increasing rate because executive orders A. are non-controversial measures that can be easily implemented B. are rarely defeated in Congress C. do not need to be passed by Congress D. avoid judicial review E. must be ratified by the Senate rather than by the House 51. In selecting members of the White House staff, Presidents primarily seek people who A. give the White House ideological balance B. are personally loyal to the President C. have extensive governmental experience D. will help the President develop a good working relationship with Congress E. can bring a nonpartisan perspective to policy deliberations 52. All of the following statements pertaining to the presidential veto are true EXCEPT A. Congress overrides fewer than ten percent of presidential vetoes. B. A vetoed bill is often revised and passed in another form. C. Presidents often threaten to veto bills to increase their leverage with Congress.
D. A President may veto part of a bill. E. Congress often places provisions the President wants into a bill the President dislikes to make a veto less likely. 53. The use of direct primaries instead of the convention system in selecting presidential candidates results in which of the following? I. A weakening of party control over nominations II. A reduction in the costs of election campaigns III. An increase in the number of people involved in the choice of candidates IV. An increase in voter turnout in midterm elections A. I and III only C. III and IV only E. I, II, III, and IV B. II and IV only D. I, II, and III only
54. In general, Congress is most likely to defer to the President A. in the area of foreign policy B. in the area of fiscal policy C. in the area of social policy D. late in the President's term E. when the economy is strong 55. In trying to influence legislation, the President is generally more successful than congressional leaders in A. using the legislative schedule to political advantage B. enforcing party discipline C. satisfying interest group demands for access to the policy process D. effectively using formal parliamentary powers rather than persuasion E. using the media to set the policy agenda 56. Which of the following is true of an executive agreement made between a U.S. President and another head of state? A. It does not require Senate approval, but may require Congressional allocation of funds for its implementation B. It does not require congressional funding because the President can use the power of the purse to raise implementation funds C. It has more legal force than a treaty D. It is binding on all succeeding Presidents and Congresses E. It has been used extensively to end armed conflicts
57. Over the past forty years, reforms of the presidential nomination process have had which of the following effects? A. The nomination process in both parties has become less democratic and open B. The number of Black delegates at the Republican national conventions has grown substantially C. The number of candidates willing and able to seek nomination has decreased dramatically D. The number of female delegates and minority-group delegates at Democratic national conventions has grown substantially E. State and local party organizations have increased their control over the process 58. The War Powers Resolution (1973) was designed to A. allow the Joint Chiefs of Staff to advise the President during periods of conflict B. allow Congress to suspend certain civil liberties during times of war C. require a congressional declaration of war before allowing military forces to be used overseas D. assure congressional involvement in decisions committing military forces in hostile situations overseas E. ensure funding for military operations lasting more than 60 days 59. The primary reason for the current existence of only two major political parties in the United States is that A. the Constitution puts severe restrictions on other parties B. third parties are usually far to the right or left, and Americans are moderate C. a winner-take-all electoral system makes it difficult for few parties to emerge and survive D. voters naturally think of themselves as either liberal or conservative E. presidential electors can vote for only two candidates 60. Which of the following trends was evident in presidential elections in the 1980's? A. The decline of Republican party strength among Black northerners B. The decline of Democratic party strength among White southerners C. The gradual decline of Democratic party strength among suburban voters D. A Democratic majority in partisan self-identification E. A gender gap, with women's support of Republicans sharply declining 61. The most common criterion that people use when voting for a presidential candidate is the candidate's A. views on specific issues B. party identification C. ideological position D. personal appearance
E. fiscal policy 62. Which of the following statements about the electoral college is correct? A. Each state may split its electoral votes among as many candidates as it wishes B. Each state is equally represented in the electoral college C. The electoral college was created by an amendment to the Constitution D. The results of electoral college voting tend to distort the winner's margin of victory, when compared to the popular vote for president E. Each state's delegation to the electoral college consists of that state's U.S. Senators and Representatives 63. In which of the following scenarios would a presidential veto most likely be upheld? A. The President has the support of the Supreme Court B. The President is in a second term, removed from partisan politics C. The proposed legislation enjoys widespread bipartisan support D. The proposed legislation was originally adopted by a large majority of both houses of Congress E. Two-thirds of the representatives and senators are members of the same party as the President 64. Which of the following is a result of the electoral college system? A. The winner of the presidency often lacks a majority of the popular vote B. Candidates focus on one-party states in which they can win most of the electoral votes C. The House of Representatives frequently chooses the President from the top three candidates D. Candidates focus on the states with the largest populations E. Campaign spending increases because candidates emphasize television advertising 65. Which of the following best explains why delegates to both the Republican and Democratic Conventions in 1996 were much more likely to have college and postgraduate degrees than was the rest of the population? A. College education increases the liklihood of holding liberal political positions B. College education increases the liklihood of holding conservative political positions C. Political activism increases with education levels D. Education allows people to have more time to attend conventions E. Some states require delegates to hold college degrees 66. Which of the following took place after presidential candidates Truman (1948), Nixon (1968), and Clinton (1992) won only pluralities of the popular vote?
A. The election was formally decided in the House of Representatives B. The election was formally decided in the Senate C. The winning candidate took office after receiving less than 50% of the popular votes cast D. The electoral votes cast by independents were critical in determining the winner E. The results of the popular vote necessitated a runoff 67. Which of the following is NOT a presidential role authorized by the Constitution? A. To be commander-in-chief of the armed forces B. To lead the political party of the President C. To negotiate treaties with foreign nations D. To be chief executive E. To present the State of the Union address 68. The President can do which of the following without seeking the consent of either the House or the Senate? A. ratify a treaty B. appoint ambassadors C. appoint district court judges D. deploy troops E. declare war 69. Which of the following is true about the line-item veto? A. It is specifically granted to the President by the Constitution B. It is used by many state governors C. It is basically the same as a pocket veto D. Its use was upheld by the Supreme Court E. It would, if instituted, strengthen the power of congressional leaders 70. The Constitution stated that the requirements for being president are all of the following EXCEPT a. obtaining a majority of the electoral or House votes b. having resided in the U.S. for at least 14 years c. being a natural-born citizen d. being at least 35 years old e. being a member of a political party 71. Examples of people on the White House staff include all of the following EXCEPT a. the Chief of Staff b. the White House cook
c. the National Security Advisor d. the vice-president e. the press secretary 72. After Congress passes an appropriations bill, the president may do all the following EXCEPT a. sign it directly into law b. send it directly to the Supreme Court for judicial review c. veto it, sending it back to Congress with reasons for rejecting it d. let it become law after ten working days by not doing anything to it e. not sign it while Congress adjourns within ten days, exercising a pocket veto 73. All of the following are formal or informal sources of presidential power EXCEPT a. presidential authority to raise revenue b. presidential access o the media c. precedents set during previous administrations d. public support e. the Constitution 74. The period immediately after a new president is inaugurated is known as the "honeymoon" because a. other nations do not challenge the U.S. b. the president's popularity is at its highest level c. there is no infighting between members of the president's staff d. the president has not vetoed any legislation e. partisanship in Congress is high 75. The only presidential appointment on which the House of Representatives votes is a. Chief Justice of the Supreme Court b. U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations c. chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff d. vice-president, if the position is vacant e. director of the Central Intelligence Agency 76. In mid-term elections, the president's party usually a. loses seats in both houses of Congress b. loses seats in the Senate but increases its support in the House c. loses seats in the House but increases its support in the Senate d. gains seats in both houses of Congress e. no pattern of gains or losses is discernible
77. The strongest basis for withholding information from Congress under a claim of executive privilege is a. the need for secrecy in military planning and diplomacy b. to protect the president from embarrassment c. to ensure the president does not turn over incriminating evidence d. the powers granted the president in the Constitution. e. legislation that recognizes that Congress cannot subpoena the president 78. The president can take action without the approval of Congress through I. executive orders II. recess appointments III. judicial appointments IV. executive agreements A. I only B. I and II only C. I, II,III only D. I, II, IV only E. III and IV only 79. An important function of the White House Staff is to a. prepare the administration's budget for Congress b. assume the responsibility for executive departments c. supervise campaign fundraising activities d. liason with Congress on the bills of interest to the administration e. communicate the administration's views on matters before the Supreme Court 80. Which of the following would be affected if Congress invoked the War Powers Act? a. the closing of an army base in California b. the cost of living increas for enlisted Navy personnel c. the commitment of American ground forces to monitor a Middle East peace d. a defense treaty between the U.S. and Russia e. implementation of a missile defense system in Alaska 81. The term "presidential coattails" refers to a. the ability of the president to get legislation through Congress b. a president's success in getting nominees confirmed by the Senate c. the election of candidates from the president's party when she is on the ticket d. the president's appointment of campaign workers to government jobs e. public support for a president's program 82. All of the following are correct statements about a pocket veto EXCEPT
a. It can only occur within ten days before the end of a Congress' term b. It cannot be overridden by a 2/3 vote of both Houses c. The president does not sign a pocket veto d. A bill that receives a pocket veto can be introduced in the next sessin e. The bill automatically becomes law in the next session 83. The method of staff organization that poses the risk of isolating or misinforming the president is called A. intuitive B. pyramid C. circular D. ad hoc E. linear 84. Included in the Executive Office of the President are all of the following EXCEPT A. the Office of Personnel Management B. the Central Intelligence Agency C. the Council of Economic Advisors D. the Office of Technology Assessment E. the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative 85. The cabinet officers consist of the heads of A. the major executive departments B. the major governmental agencies and commissions C. the major governmental agencies D. independent agencies and commissions E. the minor governmental agencies 86. United States v. Nixon held that there is A. no executive privilege B. absolute presidential immunity from judicial process C. no unqualified presidential privelege of immunity from judicial process D. real but limited presidential immunity from judicial process E. presidential immunity does not apply to matters which are civil in nature 87. The result of the Supreme Court's ruling in United States v. Nixon was that A. Nixon was allowed to retain the disputed tapes and papers B. Nixon was forced to hand over the disputed tapes and papers C. Congress was forced to impeach Nixon to gain access to the disputed tapes and papers D. Congress was allowed to forcibly take custody of the disputed tapes and papers E. None of the above
88. On the issue of a president's right to impoud funds, the U.S. Constitution says A. that a president must spend the money that Congress appropriates B. that a president does not have to spend money that Congress appropriates C. that a president may spend the money that Congress does not appropriate D. that a president may spend the money that Congress does not appropriate if Congressional leaders support such expenditures E. nothing 89. Presidential impoundment of funds has been limited in recent years because of A. a string of unfavorable courts decisions B. the Budget Reform Act of 1974 C. public outrage D. the opposition of the federal bureaucracy E. restructuring of the Internal Revenue Service 90. Who succeeds the presidency if both the president, vice-president, and the Speaker of the House die? A. the Senate president pro tempore B. the secretary of state C. the most senior cabinet officer D. the Senate majority leader E. the president of the Senate 91. When President Reagan underwent anesthesia while being operated on in 1885, Vice-President Bush was able to serve as Acting President under the conditions of A. the Presidential Succession Act B. Article 2 of the Constituion in Article 2 C. the Twenty-fifth Amendment of the Constitution D. an Executive Order E. the Twelfth Amendment 92. Which of the following statements is INCORRECT? A. In order to win an election, a candidate must win a majority in the electoral college or state's votes in the House B. Each state receives an electoral vote for each member it has in the House C. In some states, electoral votes can be split among candidates D. State electors assemble in their state capitals to cast their ballots E. Electoral ballots are opened by the President of the Senate before a joint session of Congress
93. Presidents have been limited to two terms by the A. Twelfth Amendment B. Fourteenth Amendment C. Nineteenth Amendment D. Twenty second Amendment E. Twenty-seventh Amendment >>>>> MORE >>>>> 94 The House of Representatives decided who was to serve as president A. never B. only two times C. about every 28 to 36 years D. four times in the last 100 years E. In the 2000 election . 95. The difference between a pardon and a reprieve is a. a pardon lasts ten years, a reprieve lasts one year b. a reprieve grants a release from legal punishment, while a pardon postpones it c. a pardon grants a release from legal punishment, while a reprieve postpones it d. only state governors can issue pardons e. only state governors can issue reprieves
96. See graph and question below:
97. A president executes a pocket veto by doing which of the following? a. Publickly expressing rejection of a bill b. Issuing an executive order invalidating a recently passed bill c. Failing to sign a bill after Congress has adjourned d. Recalling ambassadors from a peace negotiation e. Refusing to seat a federal judge whom the Senate has confirmed
98. Uncertainty over the limits to presidential power is caused primarily by the fact that a. the constitutional definition of those powers is broad and unspecific b. most people agree that the Constitution placs too many limits on presidential power c. the Supreme Court consistently refuses to rule on cases concerning presidential powers d. constitutional amendments have greatly increased presidential powers e. some states cede more power to their governors than the national government cedes to the president 99. A member of the president's cabinet is said to have "gone native" when the cabinet member a. resigns to take a position as a consultant to lobbying groups b. cedes control of his or her department to lifelong bureaucrats within the department c. places his or her department 's priorities above the president's d. accepts bribes or expensive favors from businesses regulated by that department e. suggests merging the department into another executive department 100. The responsibilities of the secretary of state are most likely to overlap with those of the a. secretary of the interior b. secretary of the treasury c. speaker of the house d. president's chief of staff e. chief national security advisor to the president 101. The rules governing the electoral college make it especially important for presidential candidates to a. win as many states as possible, regardless of the size of the state b. spend most of their time campaigning in the south c. campaign most aggressively among those who will be chosen as electors d. concentrate their campaign efforts on "battleground" states e. concentrate on those states in which they are farthest behind, to reduce the margin of their eventual loss in that state 102. The responsibilities of the vice president in an administration are determined by a. the provisions of the constitution b. the relationship between the president and vice president c. polls indicating the popularity of the vice president d. the size of the election victory e. whether the president's party also controls Congress
104. Examples of Congress attempting to delegate additional powers to the president include I. legislative veto II. line item veto III. War Powers Act IV. Budgeting and Accounting Act a. II only c. II and IV only e. I and II only b. I and III only d. IV only
105. Which of the following is NOT part of the Executive Office of the President? a. Office of Management and Budget b. National Security Council c. Council of Economic Advisors d. Office of Personnel and Management e. Environmental Protection Agency
107. Federal Agencies cannot spend money unless a. the expenditure is approved by the Office of Management and Budget b. the president directly approves the expenditure c. the funds are authorized and appropriated by Congress d. the agency head explains to Congress how the money will be spent e. the agency has enacted a rule detailing the spending 108. President Clinton's "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" policy referred to a. the sex scandals that plagued his two terms b. the administration's response to impeachment proceedings c. the campaign contributions received from foreign nationals d. the treatment of homosexuals in the armed forces e. the OMB's response to the budget impasse in 1993 109. A claim of executive privilege, where the president refuses to divulge communications with advisors, is a. specifically granted in the Constitution b. authorized under federal law c. unconstitutional under a Supreme Court ruling d. recognized when necessary to protect military / diplomatic information e. used more by Democrat than Republican presidents
110. The New Hampshire presidential primary is important because a. it is an early test of candidate support b. the candidates get to meet many people face to face c. the focus is on issues rather than the cadidate's personality d. the media coverage is less intense than other primaries e. the state represents a good cross-section of the country 111. Arguments in support of eliminating the electoral college include I. The electoral college is biased in favor of big states II. The electoral college is undemocratic because the winner of the popular vote may not become president III. The electors do not represent the American people as a whole IV. The electoral college gives an unfair advantage to wealthy candidates a. I only b. II only d. I, II, and III only c. II and IV only e. I and II only
112. The president's civilian advisor on military force strength is the a. Secretary of Defense b. Chair of the Joint Chiefs of Staff c. Secretary of the Army d. Chief of Staff of the Army e. Director of the CIA 113. All of the following statements about the War Powers Act are true EXCEPT a. the War Powers Act was a response to the limited control Congress had over the Vietnam War. b. Under the legislation, the president must inform Congress that troops are being sent oversees c. It allows Congress to effectively limit the president's powers as commander-in-chief d. The commitment of American troops can be extended if Congress acts within sixty days e. A president cannot ignore a joint resolution
2010 additions 115. Which of the following is NOT a part of the Executive Office of the President? A. Office of Management and Budget
B. C. D. E.
National Security Council Council of Economic Advisors Office of Personnell Management Environmental Protection Agency
116. Under the War Powers Act (1973), the president must A. get a joint resolution from Congress before sending troops into combat B. pay for the deployment of troops with funds already budgeted for the Defense Department C. notify Congress if troops are under United Nations or NATO command D. receive approval from Congress to keep troops deployed for more than 60 days E. direct the Joint Chiefs of Staff to testify before Congree on the purpose of military operations 117. Responsibility for ensuring that the administration’s budget priorities are adhered to by the individual federal agencies falls to the A. Council of Economic Advisors B. Office of Management and Budget C. Congressional Budget Office D. House and Senate Budget Committees E. Joint Economic Committee 118. All of the following statements about the presidents popularity are true EXCEPT A. a presidents popularity is highest right after the inauguration B. a presidents popularity generally decines over the term C. world events have little impact on a presidents popularity D. a strong economy leads to an increase in a presidents popularity E. a presidents popularity does not necessarily translate into success for her/his party 119. The General Accounting Offiice is A. responsible for reviewing the accounting practices of federal agencies B. an investigative arm of Congress that evaluates federal programs C. part of the Executive Office of the President headed by the Chief Accountant D. anindependent regulatory agency that establishes rules for the financial industry E. the coordiantor of economic policy between Congress and the White House 120. All of the following statements about nominating federal officials are valid EXCEPT A. The Senate rarely fails to confirm a president’s nominee for the cabinet B. Delays in the confirmation process of presidentil nominees are not uncommon C. The president can try to bypass the Senate by making appointments when Congress
is not in session D. Cabinet nominees get more scrutiny by the Senate than nominees for the Supreme Court E. The president has the option of withdrawing a nomination that generates strong opposition 121. Under which of the following circumstances does a president usually experience a reduction in political power? I. The president is in the final two years of her / his second term II. The number and severity of international crises is increasing III. Different parties control Congress and the White House IV. The economy is strong and the president’s approval ratings are high A. I only D. II and III only B. I and II only E. II, III and IV only C. I and III only