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Desertification Card Sort

Desertification Card Sort

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Published by: andywake1 on Jun 15, 2012
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02/10/2014

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1.

Deforestation

2. Climate Change and Drought

3. Over cultivation and poor farming methods

4. Overgrazing due to farmers becoming less nomadic (stay in one place now!)

14. The removal of trees for firewood and for the expansion of urban areas has led to the soil being left exposed to the wind and rain as there is less interception by the leaves. The nutrients in the soil then get washed or leeched away leaving soil infertile. 19. A change in global climate has caused more droughts than normal. This damages animal’s habitats and the soil in many areas. This also leads to famine in the long term as crops die. Disease is prevalent due to poor water quality. 20. Over use of land to grow crops each year without allowing the nutrients in the ground to return leaves the soil of poor quality where nothing can grow. This leads to regular crop failure. Poor farming methods like ploughing also makes soil poor. 13. Farmers rely on the water and land around them more. This means that farmers don’t regularly move to new fertile areas. Cultures are lost and the desert spreads quickly. In some cases 3 miles each year.

21. Afforestation – The replanting of trees greening the Sahel Zone and Burkina Faso. A green wall helps the soil regenerate, protects it from soil erosion and people can use the gum to sell to make a sustainable future.

11. Irrigation schemes or dams to store water for use on farmers’ fields. Provide each area with the ability to collect water from a well or using play pumps. 12. Educate the farmers on their farming methods so they use the land in a productive way and protect it. Allow the soil time to regenerate using crop rotation to use different areas every two years. Don’t plough the land or use poor equipment.

18. Control the land use and provide alternative work to take pressure off the land. Plant acacia trees for use as fodder so the animals don’t strip the ground of vegetation.

5. Over use of Fertilisers

23. This leads to a breakdown of the soil quality. The soil becomes salty (Salinization) and crops can’t be planted. This can lead to no jobs.

15. Use natural fertilizers together with polders around crops. This will hold all the nutrients in and reduce wind and rain erosion.

6. Population growth

10. This leads to the need for more food at greater expense to the economy and the land. Urbanisation and the need for more homes put’s pressure on the land.

22. Use Genetically Modified Crops as these are drought resistant and can produce more food from less land. This will mean food supplies are consistent and safe.

7. Lack of irrigation

16. This causes crops to die and poor farming methods to be used. The soil becomes compacted and of poor quality. 24. Lack of farming investment and lack of money leads to people using any available land and overusing it. War also means people stay in the same areas, water gets polluted, overused and land gets destroyed.

9. Build Terraces on the land to help conserve water and reduce the amount of runoff. This will also reduce the nutrients lost through leeching.

8. Poverty/Civil War

17. Build bunds or stone lines across fields to trap moisture and reduce the top soil loss through erosion.

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