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Obama Letter P5+1 Final

Obama Letter P5+1 Final

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Published by: Josh Rogin on Jun 15, 2012
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WASHINGTON, DC 20510

June 15~2012 President Barack Obarna The WhiteHouse 1600 Pennsylvania Ave NW Washington, DC 20500 Dear Mr. President: We are writing to share ow views about discussions between the Iranian government and the P5+ lover Iran's nuclear program. We are concerned that, while the meetings heldearlier this year in Istanbul and Baghdad unfortunately failed to produce positive progress, Tehran bas continued to expand and accelerate its uranium enrichment activities, according to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IABA). It is past time for the Iranians to take the concrete steps that would reassure the world that their nuclear program is, as they claim, exclusively peaceful. Absent the_sesteps, we must conclude that Tehran is using the talks as a cover to buy time as it continues to advance toward nuclear weapons capability. We know that you share our conviction that allowing Iran to gain this capability is unacceptable. Iran must come into full cooperation with the IAEA and full compliance with all relevant United Nations Security Council resolutions, including verifiable suspension of nuclear enrichment. While many of us believe, based on Iran's history of deceptive and illicit behavior, that Iran cannot be trusted to conduct any enrichment activities nor retain any quantity of enriched uranium on its soil for the foreseeable future, amongst the absolute minimum steps it must take iminediately are shutting down of the Fordow facility, freezing enrichment above 5 percent, and shipping all uranium enriched above 5percent out of the country. We understand that this was the very proposal that the P5+ 1 advanced during the Baghdad meeting. Were iran to agree to and verifiably implement these steps, this would demonstrate a level of commitment by Iran to the process and could justify continued discussions beyond the meeting ill MO$cQw. However, we still must address the totality-of Iran's problematic nuclear activities. Barring full, verifiable Iranian compliance with all Security Council resolutions and full cooperation with the fAEA, including a new, far more intrusive inspections regime under the Additional Protocol, we see no circumstances under which Iran should be relieved from the current sanctions or those scheduled to come into effect at the end of this month. Only when Tehran is convinced that the sanctions will be bothunremitting and crippling is there any prospect for a real diplomatic breakthrough. On the other hand, if the sessions in Moscow produce no substantive agreement, we urge you to reevaluate the utility of further talks at this time and instead focus on significantly increasing the pressure on the Iranian government through sanctions and making clear that a credible military option exists. As you have rightly noted, "the window [or diplomacy is closing." Iran's leaders must realize that you mean precisely that.

Sincerely,

CharlesE. Schumer United States Senator

Susan M. Collins United States Senator

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