“Diskursanalyse in den Internationalen Beziehungen“

Iver B. Neumann, “Back to Method: Discourse Analysis in International Relations”
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Anastasia Mitronatsiou

6/16/12

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Definition: Discourse
Within linguistics, discourse is often described as “language-in-use”, “spoken dialogue” , “conversation” or “socially situated text and talk”. Other disciplines (philosophy, history, sociology, anthropology, political science, media studies) tend to use the term to mean what is ‘sayable’ or ‘thinkable’ about a topic in any given political, social, historical, cultural context. Niccolò Machiavelli in his book “Discourses” purport to explain the structure and benefits of a republic, a form of government based on some level of popular consent and control. (Discourses on the First Decade of Titus Livy“)

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Discourse Analysis

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“ W h i c h i s

Language or discourse?

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Discourse Analysis

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The scientific approach of Saussure

“The content of a word is determined in the final analysis not by what it contains but by what exist outside of it”. (Ferdinand de Saussure) Structuralism has made an important contribution to our understanding of language and social systems. Saussure’s theory of language highlights the decisive role of meaning and signification in structuring human life more generally. Saussure does not focus on the use of language (called "parole," or speech), but rather on the underlying system of language (called "langue") Saussure argued that linguistic signs were composed of two parts: 1. a "signifier" 2. a “signified”

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Discourse Analysis

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M i c h e l F o u c a u l t ’ s d e f i n i t i 6/16/12 o

“Archaeology of knowledge” (1972)

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T h e m a i n p o i n t o f D A

Main point of Discourse Analysis

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Vielen Dank für eure Aufmerksamkeit!

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