You are on page 1of 31

INTRODUCTION

50% of worlds population living in a metropolitan areas - 60% expected by 2030 due to population growth 80% of global carbon dioxide emission attributed to cities Urban heat island effect - increased energy requirement - increased smog formation

Definition:A green roof is a roof of a building that is partially or completely covered with vegetation and a growing medium, planted over a waterproofing membrane. It may also include additional layers such as a root barrier and drainage and irrigation systems.

NECESSITY OF GREEN ROOF


The groundwater resources in India

are greatly diminishing by several

centimeters per year and are not being


replaced. As global warming becomes more and more of an issue, and towns and cities expand, green space is becoming more and more important.

Green roofs are particularly useful at


filtering out pollutants from the air and as such, purifying it.

TYPES OF GREEN ROOF


Green roofs are generally categorized as:(i) Extensive (ii) Intensive

EXTENSIVE GREEN ROOF


Extensive Green Roofs are well suited to roofs with little

load bearing capacity and sites which are not meant to be used as roof gardens.
The growing medium, typically made up of a mineral-

based mixture of sand, gravel, crushed brick, leca, peat, organic matter, and some soil, varies in depth between 515 cm

Extensive green roofs are often not accessible and are characterized by: low weight, low capital cost, low plant diversity, and minimal maintenance requirements.

EXTENSIVE GREEN ROOF

Extensive Green Roof

INTENSIVE GREEN ROOF


These roof are also referred to as high-profile They look like

traditional roof gardens because a much wider variety of plant material can be included since growing media depths are increased.
These roofs generally require more effort for the tending of plants,

whereas the term extensive roofs call for a more passive approach.
The growing medium is often soil based, ranging in depth from 20

60 cm.

Intensive green roofs are often accessible and are characterized by: Deeper soil and greater weight, Higher capital costs, Increased plant diversity, and More maintenance requirements

INTENSIVE GREEN ROOF

COMPARISON OF EXTENSIVE & INTENSIVE GREEN ROOF

Extensive Green Roof Maintenance Irrigation Plant communities Low No Moss-Sedum-Herbs and Grasses

Intensive Green Roof High Regularly Lawn or Perennials, Shrubs and Trees 150 - 400 mm on

System build-up height

60 - 200 mm

underground garages > 1000 mm

60 - 150 kg/m2 Weight Costs Use Low Ecological protection layer

180 - 500 kg/m2

High Park like garden

SYSTEM OF GREEN ROOF


Complete systems
Modular systems Precultivated vegetation blankets

COMPLETE SYSTEM

MODULAR SYSTEM

PRECULTIVATED VEGETATION BLANKET

CONSTRUCTION OF GREEN ROOF


Points to be Considered Before Installing a Green Roof
(i) SLOPE
(ii) CLIMATE (iii) STRUCTURE (iv) MATERIALS (v) WATERPROOFING LAYER

(vi) DRAINAGE LAYER


(vii) GROWING MEDIA

BENEFITS
BUILDING OWNER BENEFITS
Energy savings Roof membrane protection and life extension Sound insulation

PUBLIC BENEFITS
Urban heat island effect Storm water retention Reduction of dust & smog levels

PRIVATE BENIFITS
Incresed roof life Reduced noise levels Heat shield

LIMITATION OF GREEN ROOF


The main limitation of green roofs is the higher initial cost.

Some existing buildings cannot be retrofitted with certain


kinds of green roof because of the weight load of the substrate and vegetation exceeds permitted static loading. Depending on what kind of green roof it is, the maintenance costs could be higher, but some types of green roof have little

or no ongoing cost.

ROOF GARDEN vs. GREEN ROOF


A roof garden is actually very different from a Green

roof, although the two terms are often and incorrectly used
interchangeably. A roof garden is an area that is generally used for recreation, entertaining, and as an additional

outdoor living space for the building's residents. It may


include planters, plants, dining and lounging furniture, outdoor structures such as pergolas and sheds, and

automated irrigation and lighting systems. A roof garden reestablishes the relationship between man and nature that can be lost in urban environments.

COST
Given various assembly types and project descriptions costs can range from Rs.5500/- Sq.m. to Rs.6900/- Sq.m. or more. These figures include membrane through plants. Cost per square meter depends on many factors: i) The size and slope of the roof, ii) Depth and complexity of the system, iii) Height and accessibility from the ground,

iv) Cost of labor, and need for specialized elements,


such as drains, railings, pavers, slope stabilization measure, etc.

MAINTENANCE
Maintenance activities that must be performed on a green

roof are weeding, replanting, and inspections of the waterproof membrane. Depending on whether the green roof is extensive or intensive, required plant maintenance will range from two to three yearly inspections to check for weeds or damage. Eventually, after 30-50 years, the membrane will have to be replaced.

CONCLUSION
Green

roofs provide numerous benefits to the building itself as well as the environment and society as a whole, but lack widespread awareness. Future developments in materials and installation techniques should lower upfront costs, but further subsidies are needed to make the technology accessible to the general population. In present state as land is becoming scarce in urban areas, storm water drainage problem is growing, and energy prices are increasing for building heating and cooling, green roofs are becoming increasingly viable.

GROWING MEDIA (0.08m)

FILTER LAYER (PUMICE STONE - 0.02m)

DRAINAGE LAYER (SHINGLE - 0.05m) WATERPROOFING LAYER (0.01m) CONCRETE SLAB

VEGETATION,PLANTS

DRAINAGE SYSTEM (P.V.C. PIPE)

Material
Waterproofing 0.01m Pumice stone 0.02m Shingle 0.05m Soil 0.08m Elephanta Lawn 0.02m P.V.C. pipe 0.02 m(diameter) Plants Tray Total = Labour 10% Transport 5% Overhead 5% Total =

Cost
Rs. 100/Rs. 175/Rs. 500/Rs. 50/Rs. 270/Rs. 20/Rs. 80/Rs. 1200/Rs. 2400/Rs. 240/Rs. 120/Rs. 120/Rs. 2880/- Approximately Rs. 3000/-

Unit
Sq.m. Sq.m. Sq.m. Sq.m. Sq.m. L.S. Nos. Nos. Sq.m

Sq.m

Any question?

GREEN ROOF
Prepared By:0701031 SACHINDRAKUMAR P. MISHRA 0701032 SWAPNIL S. MOHITE 0701033 NILIMA S. MORE 0701034 TEJASWINEE V. NAIK 0701035 KETAN S. NAVALE 0701036 YOGESH P. PAREKH GUIDED BY:PROF. S. V. CHAUDHARI SUPPORTED BY:PROF. R. B. RAO

0701037 KARAN K. PATIL


0701038 MUKESH V. PATIL 0701039 DNYANESHWAR S. PAVASKAR