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Reading List for the Academic Study of IR (2004-2005)

UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD Department of Politics and International Relations Michaelmas Term 2004

Lecture and Reading List The Academic Study of International Relations

M.Phil. in International Relations PRS in International Relations This class is designed to give first year graduate students an introduction to the academic study of international relations. It provides a history of the discipline of international relations, as well as introduction to key schools of thought and methodological debates. The class will meet on Wednesday mornings (weeks 1-5) from 9.30-11.30 a.m. in Seminar Room D (second floor) in the Department of Politics and International Relations, Manor Road. The first hour is devoted to a lecture; the second hour is open discussion between students and faculty. Students are required to attend all four sessions and to read the items under Core Reading for each session.

TOPICS 1. Introduction: Origins and Development to the 1970s

13 October Dr Andrew Hurrell Core Reading Bull, Hedley, International Relations as an Academic Pursuit, in Kai Alderson and Andrew Hurrell, (eds.), Hedley Bull on International Society (2000), Chapter IX. Kahler, Miles, Inventing International Relations: International Relations after 1945, in Michael W. Doyle and G. John Ikenberry (eds.), New Thinking in International Relations Theory (1997), pp. 20-53. Hoffmann, Stanley, An American Social Science: International Relations, in Janus and Minerva: Essays in the Theory and Practice of International Politics (1987), Chapter 1. Further Reading Bull, Hedley, The Grotian Conception of International Society in H. Butterfield and M. Wight (eds.), Diplomatic Investigations (1966); and Bull, Hedley, International Theory: The Case for a Classical Approach, World Politics 18, 3, April 1966. 1

Reading List for the Academic Study of IR (2004-2005)

Carr, E.H., The Twenty Years Crisis: 1919-1939, Papermac Edition (1981). Clark, Ian, and Neumann Iver (eds.), Classical Theories of International Relations (1996). Doyle, Michael, Ways of War and Peace (1997). Hollis, Martin, and Smith, Steve, Explaining and Understanding International Relations (1990), chs. 1-4, pp. 1-91. Miller, J.D.B. and Vincent, R.J. (eds.), Order and Violence (1990), esp. chs. 2,3 and 7. Morgenthau, Hans, Politics Among Nations: The Struggle for Power and Peace, First Edition (1948). Schmidt, Brian C., On the History and Historiography of International Relations in Walter Carlsnaes, Thomas Risse and Beth A Simmons (eds) Handbook of International Relations (2002), ch. 1, pp-22. Smith, Steve, The Self-Images of a Discipline: A Genealogy of International Relations Theory, in Ken Booth and Steve Smith (eds.), International Relations Theory Today (1995), pp. 1-37. von Wright, Georg Henrik, Explanation and Understanding (1971), ch.1, pp.1-33. Waltz, Kenneth N., Man, the State and War: A Theoretical Analysis (1959). Wight, Martin, International Theory. The Three Traditions, edited by Gabriele Wight and Brian Porter (1993), pp.1-48.

2. Contemporary Debates: Neo-realism, Neo-liberalism and Constructivism

20 October - Dr. Jennifer Welsh Core Reading Fearon, J. and Wendt, A., Rationalism versus Constructivism A Skeptical View in Walter Carlsnaes, Thomas Risse and Beth A Simmons (eds.) Handbook of International Relations (2002), ch. 3, pp.52-72. Keohane, Robert O., International Institutions and State Power: Essays in International Relations Theory (1989), pp. 158-179 (International Institutions: Two Approaches). Ruggie, John Gerard, What makes the world hang together? Neo-utilitarianism and the social constructivist challenge, in Constructing the World Polity: Essays on International Institutionalization (1998), pp. 1-39. Further Reading Adler, E. Constructivism and International Relations in Walter Carlsnaes, Thomas Risse and Beth A Simmons (eds.) Handbook of International Relations (2002), ch. 5, pp. 95-118. Baldwin, David A., (ed.), Neorealism and Neoliberalism: The Contemporary Debate (1993). Baylis, John and Steve Smith, The Globalization of World Politics: An Introduction to International Relations (2001), Chapter 9 (Contemporary mainstream approaches: neo2

Reading List for the Academic Study of IR (2004-2005)

realism and neo-liberalism). Buzan, Barry, et al, The Logic of Anarchy: Neorealism to Structural Realism (1993). Dunne, Timothy, The Social Construction of International Society, European Journal of International Relations, Vol. 1, No. 3 (1995), pp. 367-89. Forum on Social Theory of International Politics- a discussion on Wendts book with articles by Keohane, Krasner, Doty , Alker, Smith and Wendt in Review of International Studies, Vol 26. No.1, (Jan 2000). Hoffmann, Stanley, Liberalism and International Affairs, in Janus and Minerva: Essays in the Theory and Practice of International Politics (1987), Chapter 18. Keohane, Robert O., (ed.), Neorealism and Its Critics (1986). Kratochwil, Friedrich, Rules, Norms and Decisions (1989). Legro, Jeffrey W. and Andrew Moravcsik, Is Anybody Still a Realist?, International Security, Vol. 24, No. 2 (Fall, 1999), pp. 5-55. Long, David, The Harvard School of Liberal International Theory: The Case for Closure, Millennium 24 (1995), pp.489-506. Mearsheimer, John J., The False Promise of International Institutions, International Security, Vol. 19, No. 3 (Winter, 1994/5), pp. 5-49 (an exchange with Keohane, Martin, and Ruggie in Vol. 20, No. 1). Mearsheimer, John J., Anarchy and the Struggle for Power in The Tragedy of Great Power Politics, (2001) ch.2, pp. 29-54. Rose, Gideon, Neoclassical Realism and Theories of Foreign Policy, World Politics, Vol. 51, No. 1 (October, 1998), pp. 144-172. Shimko, Keith, Realism, Neorealism, and American Liberalism, Review of Politics, Vol. 54 (1992), pp. 281-301. Snidal, D. Rational Choice and International Relations, in Walter Carlsnaes, Thomas Risse and Beth A Simmons (eds.) Handbook of International Relations (2002), ch. 4, pp.73-94. Wendt, Alexander, Anarchy is what states make of it: the social construction of power politics, International Organization, Vol. 46, No. 2 (Spring, 1992), pp. 391-424; or Social Theory of International Politics (1999). See Forum Discussion cited above.

3. Positivist Theories of International Relations

27 October - Dr. Yuen Foong Khong Core Reading Waltz, Kenneth, Theory of International Politics (1979), Chapter 1 (pp. 1-17). King, Gary, Keohane, Robert, and Verba, Sidney, Designing Social Inquiry: Scientific Inference in Qualitative Research (1994), pp. 3-46, 99-114. Eckstein, Harry, Case Study and Theory in Political Science, in Fred Greenstein and Nelson Polsby, (eds.), Handbook of Political Science, Vol. 7, Strategies of Inquiry (1975), pp. 79-138. 3

Reading List for the Academic Study of IR (2004-2005)

Further Reading Review symposium (on King, Keohane, Verba book): The Qualitative-Quantitative Disputation, American Political Science Review, Vol. 89, No. 2 (June 1995), pp. 454-481. The Role of Theory in Comparative Politics: A Symposium, World Politics, Vol. 48 (October 1995), pp. 1-49. Almond, Gabriel A. and Genco, Stephen J., Clouds, Clocks and the Study of Politics, World Politics, Vol. 29 (July 1977), pp. 489-522. Fearon, James D., Counterfactuals and Hypothesis Testing in Political Science, World Politics, Vol. 43 (January 1991), pp. 169-95. George, Alexander L., Case Studies and Theory Development, in Paul Gordon Lauren, Diplomacy (1979); or George, Alexander L., and McKeown, T.J., Case Studies and Theories of Organisational Decision-Making, Advances in Information-Processing in Organizations, Vol.2 (1985), pp. 21-58. George, Alexander, The Causal Nexus between Cognitive Beliefs and Decision-Making Behavior: The Operational Code Belief System, in Falkowski, Lawrence (ed.), Psychological Models in International Politics (1979), pp. 95-124. Gertz, Clifford, The Interpretation of Cultures (1973), Chapters 1 and 15. Green, Donald P. and Shapiro, Ian, Pathologies of Rational Choice Theory. A Critique of Applications in Political Science ((1994). Khong, Yuen Foong, Analogies at War: Korea, Munich, Dien Bien Phu, and the Vietnam Decisions of 1965 (1992), pp. 3-18, 47-68, 97-99, 138-50,190-205. Lakatos, Imre and Alan Musgrave, Criticism and the Growth of Knowledge (1970), esp pp. 91230. Morgan, Patrick, Theories and Approaches to International Politics: what are we to think? (1987). Nicholson, Michael, Rationality and the Analysis of International Conflict (1992), chs. 2, 12 and 13. *See bibliographical note: Nicholson, Michael, Methodology in: Light, Margot and Groom, A.J.R., International Relations: a Handbook of Current Theory (1985). Vasquez, John, The Post-Positivist Debate: Reconstructing Scientific Enquiry and International Relations Theory after Enlightenments Fall, in Ken Booth and Steve Smith (eds.), International Relations Theory Today (1995), pp.217-40. Walt, Stephen, The Origins of Alliances (1987), chs. 1 and 5 (pp. 1-16, 147-180).

4. Critical Theories of International Relations

3 November Dr. Alexandra Gheciu Core reading Ashley, Richard, The Poverty of NeoRealism, in Robert Keohane (ed.), Neorealism and its Critics (1986), chapter 9. 4

Reading List for the Academic Study of IR (2004-2005)

Brown, Chris, Turtles all the Way Down: Antifoundationalism, Critical Theory and International Relations, Millennium, Vol. 23, No. 2 (1994), pp. 213-236. Further Reading Biersteker, Thomas and Cynthia Weber (eds.), State Sovereignty as Social Construct (1996). Booth, Ken and Steve Smith (eds.), International Relations Theory Today (1995). Campbell, David, Politics without Principle: Sovereignty, Ethics and the Narratives of the Gulf War (1993). Cochran, Molly, Normative Theory in International Relations: A Pragmatic Approach (1999). Cox, Robert, Social Forces, States and World Orders, in Keohane, Neorealism and Its Critics. Der Derian, James, On Diplomacy: A Genealogy of Western Estrangement (1987). Der Derian, James and Michael Schapiro, International/Intertextual Relations: Postmodern Readings of World Politics (1989). Frost, Mervyn, Ethics in International Relations: A Constitutive Theory (1996). George, Jim and David Campbell, Patterns of Dissent and the Celebration of Difference: Critical Social Theory and International Relations, International Studies Quarterly, Vol. 34, No. 2, (1990). Haacke, Jurgen, Theory and Praxis in International Relations: Habermas, Self-Reflection, Rational Argumentation, Millennium, Vol. 25, No. 2 (1996). Hoffmann, Mark, Critical Theory and International Relations, Millennium, Vol. 17, No. 2 (1988). Linklater, Andrew, The Transformation of Political Community (1998). Neufeld, Mark, The Restructuring of International Relations Theory (1995). Smith, Steve and Marysia Zalewski (eds.), International Theory: Positivism and Beyond (1996). Sylvester, Christine, Feminist Theory and International Relations in a Postmodern Era (1994). Walker, R.B.J., Inside/Outside: International Relations as Political Theory (1992).


September 2004