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Aerodynamics

Aerodynamics

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Published by: kyoobum on Jun 18, 2012
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07/31/2013

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In case 1 every aeroplane will do approximately the same thing. The nose will drop and it
will continue to drop until the airspeed reaches the trimmed cruise speed. At that moment
the nose will stop dropping, but because the nose is down the speed will continue to rise.
Once the speed is above cruise speed the nose will start to rise and will go higher and
higher until the speed again drops to cruise speed. At that point the nose will stop rising,

Aerodynamics for Professional Pilots

Page 149

and once the speed is below cruise speed again it will start to drop. This cycle will repeat
several times. In almost all aeroplanes the cycles will damp out, which means reduce in
size, until the aeroplane returns to level cruise flight. You will notice that you need right
rudder when the nose is up and left rudder when the nose is down. The reason is
explained later under P-factor.

When the airspeed is less than cruise angle of attack is more than trim, so the nose pitches
down due to longitudinal stability. As soon as speed is more than cruise angle of attack is
less than trim, so the nose rises due to longitudinal stability. Because power and
configuration don‟t change in this scenario trim angle of attack does not change; so this
scenario simply confirms the aeroplane‟s longitudinal stability.

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