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What happened after the death of Penda?
• The Penda epoch resulted to be very destructive for all of the Kingdoms. • Oswi (Northumbria) and Egberth (Kent) agreed that the best way to regain order was by means of a unified faith represented and organized by the Bishop of Canterbury. • Vitalian, named a bishop from the Eastern Roman Empire: Theodor (669 a. C.). • The latter became an active force as soon as he got to Canterbury (in Kent) by summoning for councils to establish a homogenous doctrine, liturgy and administration system.
The rebirth of culture. • Once there was stability, culture began to be produce, mainly literature (Poetry and History). • The first renowned poet of England is Cædmon, a Northumbrian who wrote all his work between 660 and 680. • Cædmon decided to become a poet after a mystical experience in which a stranger visited him in a dream and gave him a poem to recite. • Thankful for it, he became a monk. • He was, evidently, canonized.
• • • • • • • • • Nu scilun herga hefenricæs uard metudæs mehti and his modgithanc uerc uuldurfadur sue he uundra gihuæs eci dryctin or astelidæ. he ærist scop ældu barnum hefen to hrofæ halig sceppend tha middingard moncynnæs uard eci dryctin æfter tiadæ firum foldu frea allmehtig
• Now let me praise the keeper of Heaven's kingdom, • the might of the Creator, and his thought, • the work of the Father of glory, how each of wonders • the Eternal Lord established in the beginning. • He first created for the sons of men • Heaven as a roof, the holy Creator, • then Middle-earth the keeper of mankind, • the Eternal Lord, afterwards made, • the earth for men, the Almighty Lord.
• Founder of History in England. • His most memorable work is the Ecclesiastical History of the English Nation in Latin (Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum) . • This book is the first one to date events departing from the birth of Jesus. • It summarizes as well the scientific advances up to those days and made daring affirmations (the earth was an sphere, tides are caused by the moon and are independent from each other coast to coast, proved the Julian calendar to be inaccurate) • The day of his death (at 60) he finished a translation of the gospel of John to (old) English.