or Scientific support to the concept that non manifest consciousness is the mind of God (This article has no relationship

to theology and God is not used in any religious sense) Introduction This article refers to the source of creation of the universe. That source has been called the cosmic consciousness, the mind of God, consciousness singularity, the source field, the zero point fields etc. It may be given any other name also. Most spiritual traditions and many scientists believe that the things we see and experience must somehow be interconnected by One Thing that created them. Many ancient Greek and Indian thinkers held the view that we are all creation of one source and interconnected to all other things that we see in the universe. Earlier, there was no scientific support for the pursuit of spiritual enlightenment or God Realization. Recent discoveries in the field of quantum physics, biology, consciousness and other areas have revealed the existence of the unified field of cosmic consciousness. There is ample scientific support to the spiritual concept that non manifest consciousness is the mind of God and manifest matter is the body of God. Stephen Hawking In his book, 'A Brief History of Time', Stephen Hawking has written that all philosophers, scientists, and just ordinary people should be able to take part in the discussion of the question of why it is that we and the universe exist. He has concluded: “If we find the answer to that, it would be the ultimate triumph of human reason - for then we would know the mind of God.” Stephen Hawking has also stated: “Up to now, most scientists have been too occupied with the development of new theories that describe what the universe is to ask the question why. On the other hand, the people whose business it is to ask why, the philosophers, have not been able to keep up with the advance of scientific theories. In the eighteenth century, philosophers considered the whole of human knowledge, including science, to be their field and discussed questions such as: did the universe have a

The Mind of God

2 beginning? However, in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, science became too technical and mathematical for the philosophers, or anyone else except a few specialists. Philosophers reduced the scope of their inquiries so much that Wittgenstein, the most famous philosopher of this century, said, "The sole remaining task for philosophy is the analysis of language." What a comedown from the great tradition of philosophy from Aristotle to Kant!” (A Brief History of Time) Plato Plato believed that ideas or forms are abstract objects in a higher domain and the worldly objects are their copies. The ideas and application of the theory of forms is best illustrated in Plato’s allegory of the cave. Some scholars consider Platonic ideas to be the thoughts in the mind of God. The idea and application of the theory of forms is best illustrated in the. In Plato’s allegory of the cave, prisoners are restrained and are looking at the wall of the cave. They are able to see the distorted shadows of things that are going by but not the actual thing itself. To Plato the material things we perceive are akin to the shadows while the thing producing the shadow is the true form. Plato believes that most people never break free from the prison of their own perceptions to grasp the reality of the forms. Those that do are the truly wise and learned that Plato would have us rise to the level of philosopher kings. Platonic idea can also be illustrated by contrasting a triangle drawn on a surface with an ideal triangle. The Platonic ideal triangle is a figure with perfectly drawn lines whose angles add to 180 degrees. Any form of triangle that we draw will be an imperfect representation of the ideal triangle. Some scholars consider Plato’s ideas to be thoughts in the mind of God. Gottfried Leibniz Famous German philosopher, mathematician scientist, Gottfried Leibniz, wrote in 1670 : and

“Reality cannot be found except in One single source, because of the interconnection of all things with one another.” Leibniz supported the concept of unity at the source level and the existence of the unified field.

3 Leibniz occupies a prominent place in the history of mathematics and the history of philosophy. He developed the infinitesimal calculus independently of Isaac Newton, and Leibniz's mathematical notation has been widely used ever since it was published. In philosophy, Leibniz is mostly noted for his optimism, e.g., his conclusion that our Universe is, in a restricted sense, the best possible one that God could have created. Leibniz, along with René Descartes and Baruch Spinoza, was one of the three great 17th century advocates of rationalism. Richard Maurice Bucke In his book “Cosmic Consciousness”, published in 1901, Richard Maurice Bucke, a Canadian doctor, concluded that Gautam Buddha, Jesus Christ, Prophet Mohammed and many others had attained the state of cosmic consciousness or God realization. Bucke hoped that one day, with the help of science, all human beings will attain that blissful state. Bucke’s concept of cosmic consciousness implied human awareness of the cosmic order of the universe and the attainment of the state of enlightenment which has been described differently as the state of God realization, illumination, fulfillment, salvation, nirvana, Brahmic Splendor, etc. People who have attained this state have nothing more to desire. This state is attained when individual human consciousness identifies itself with the cosmic consciousness. Even earlier than Bucke, similar views were expressed in a book (collection of essays) “Thought are Things”, that was written by Prentice Mulford in 1889. Mulford explains that we have two minds: the mind of the body and the mind of the spirit. The mind of the body is limited and fights change. It thinks that things must always be the way they have always been. The mind of the spirit trusts the Supreme Power which made all things and knows that anything is possible if you believe. The mind of the spirit could be considered to be the cosmic consciousness or the Source Field. There is also the concept of ''Consciousness Singularity'' that refers to a hypothetical point of time in the future when human consciousness, at both the individual and collective level, will experience an abrupt transition, a phase transition of sorts, into a collective state of transcendence. The concept of Consciousness Singularity is similar to Bucke’s concept of cosmic consciousness. In both cases, our consciousness will be expanded beyond the confines of an egocentric sense of self and include transpersonal

4 experiences and transcendent self-identity. This new existence will be both a form of collective consciousness and a form of expanded individual consciousness. Max Planck In 1900, Max Planck published his quantum theory according to which quantum is not only the smallest form of energy; it is also a packet of energy. It implies that the quantum is enveloped by something that is not energy and can only be a non-energy element such as consciousness. Max Planck’s Quantum theory explains the emission spectrum of black bodies. In physics, quantum refers to an indivisible and elementary entity of energy. Quanta are the plural of quantum. The measurement of quantum space and time is named after Max Planck. Accordingly, the Planck length is 10-36 meters or one meter divided by one followed by 36 zeros! The Planck time is 10-43 seconds or one second divided by one followed by 43 zeros! It may be noted that till the end of the 19th century, atom (trillions of times bigger than the quantum) was considered to be the smallest, solid and indivisible physical entity. Planck did not realize the full implications of his new theory and was upset with the emerging meaning of quantum theory. “Thi s was an extraordinarily ironic development when you consider that Planck was the true grandfather of the new theory and that he had even coined the term quantum to describe this new science back in the nineteenth century.” -Leon Lederman and Christopher Hill in 'Quantum Physics for Poets (2010).' Albert Einstein “I want to know how God created this world...I want to know His thoughts; the rest are details.” (Albert Einstein) Einstein felt the need for a cosmic code for the universe and incorporated it in his theory as cosmological constant. Later, he abandoned it due to its incompatibility with physics. He did not accept the non-physical implications of quantum theory. Einstein thought that ultimately everything originated from a unified field. He tried hard to find that unified field but did not succeed. “Results found in 2000, however, revealed that Einstein was probably right after all:

5 the cosmological constant not only exists, but dark energy probably makes up the largest source of matter/ energy in the entire universe.” (Einstein’s cosmos (2004) by Michel Kaku). Another scientist, Brian Greene, has also remarked: “Einstein was simply ahead of his time. More than half a century later, his dream of a unified theory has become the Holy Grail of modern physics." Einstein’s failure to find the unified field could also be due to his opposition to Quantum theory that was being developed in the beginning of 20th century. Quantum theory presented a totally different picture of reality that was not acceptable to many scientists including Einstein. It is now becoming evident that the Quantum theory supports not only the existence of the unified field but also the duality of reality of consciousness and energy in the universe. It also reveals the process of creation of the universe from a unified field. Niels Bohr One of Quantum theory's founding fathers, Niels Bohr, realized the mystery of quantum theory and wrote: ‘'There is no quantum world. There is only an abstract quantum physical description.” Bohr also said, "Anyone not shocked by quantum mechanics has not yet understood it." In an argument, when Einstein said, ‘God did not play dice’, Bohr retorted, “Who are you to tell God what to do.” Niels Bohr realized the mystery of atom and wrote: "We must be clear that, when it comes to atoms, language can be used only as in poetry. The poet, too, is not nearly so concerned with describing facts as with creating images and establishing mental connections.” Rosenblum and Kuttner have clarified this point in their book, “Quantum Enigma: Physics Encounters Consciousness” as follows: “In quantum theory there is no atom in addition to the wave function of the atom. This is so crucial that we say it again in other words. The atom’s wave-functions and the atom are the same thing; “the wave function of the atom” is a synonym for “the atom”. Niels Bohr designed a coat-of-arm himself around the yin-yang symbol, which he envisioned as a striking traditional representation of the principle of complementarity on which he based his views of the fundamental laws of physics.

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Louis de Broglie A French physicist, Louis de Broglie, was the first to realize, in 1923, that the discovery made by Einstein in 1905 (wave-particle duality) should be generalized by extending it to all particles , and notably to electrons. While de Broglie maintained that electrons had waveparticle duality, he did not clarify what the waves are made of. They were not physical. Louis de Broglie has explained the wave-particle duality himself and wrote, "The fundamental idea of [my 1924 thesis] was the following: The fact that, following Einstein's introduction of photons in light waves, one knew that light contains particles which are concentrations of energy incorporated into the wave, suggests that all particles, like the electron, must be transported by a wave into which it is incorporated... My essential idea was to extend to all particles the coexistence of waves and particles discovered by Einstein in 1905 in the case of light and photons." From a philosophical viewpoint, this theory of matter-waves has contributed greatly to the ruin of the atomism of the past. Originally, de Broglie thought that real wave (i.e., having a direct physical interpretation) was associated with particles. In fact, the wave aspect of matter was formalized by a wave function defined by the Schrödinger equation, which is a pure mathematical entity having a probabilistic interpretation, without the support of real physical elements. This wave function gives an appearance of wave behavior to matter, without making real physical waves appear. Werner Heisenberg The other Quantum theory's founding father, Werner Heisenberg, proclaimed his famous ‘uncertainty’ and ‘probability’ principles. These principles provide confirmation of the existence of a non-physical reality. Heisenberg also maintained that there is no objective reality beyond what is observed. This suggests that consciousness creates reality. Werner Heisenberg understood the new reality of quantum theory. According to him, quantum reality is exactly what is represented in the theory-as possibilities, not actualities. In the Heisenberg picture, the particles surrounded by one field are not actually at any particular place but are potentially everywhere.

7 Heisenberg's picture of the quantum world, as half-real possibilities that become actualized only during a measurement act (by observer), is considered by many physicists as a reasonable guess as to how the world deep down really operates. The Heisenberg uncertainty principle has profound implications. It provides confirmation of the existence of a non-manifest reality that could only be consciousness. It has been confirmed by many experiments that there is no objective reality beyond what we observe. This suggests that consciousness creates reality. Erwin Schrödinger Another founding father of Quantum theory, Ervin Schrödinger, highlighted the uniqueness of consciousness and wrote: “Consciousness cannot be accounted for in physical terms, for consciousness is absolutely fundamental.” Schrödinger gave a formula of wave function without describing what the wave are. Could they be the thought waves in the mind of God? In an essay on determinism and free will, Erwin Schrödinger expressed very clearly that consciousness is a unity. He considered the idea of plurality of consciousness and the notion of many souls to be naïve and a result of illusion He is said to be inspired by Upanishads and the Vedanta philosophy of India. Schrödinger is also known to highlight the uniqueness of consciousness and wrote: “Consciousness cannot be accounted for in physical terms, for consciousness is absolutely fundamental. It cannot be accounted for in terms of anything else.” He implied that consciousness is not an epiphenomenon of the physical world. “Quantum mechanics is the proverbial mysterious entity that is being felt by the blind. While Heisenberg had described the tusks and Schrodinger the trunk, the total elephant is so much more than its parts.” -Lederman and Hill. Quantum Physics for Poets (2010). In Schrodinger's mind, electrons were exclusively waves, like sound or water waves, as if their particle aspect could be forgotten or was illusory. Singularity Before the Big Bang

8 Before Creation or Big Bang, there was only singularity or the Creator Who may be called God or given any other name. God created the universe through the cosmic code or constants of nature that originated in His mind. “At that time, which we call the big bang, the density of the universe and the curvature of space-time would have been infinite. Because mathematics cannot really handle infinite numbers, this means that the general theory of relativity (on which Friedmann’s solutions are based) predicts that there is a point in the universe where the theory itself breaks down. Such a point is an example of what mathematicians call a singularity. In fact, all our theories of science are formulated on the assumption that space-time is smooth and nearly fiat, so they break down at the big bang singularity, where the curvature of space-time is infinite. This means that even if there were events before the big bang, one could not use them to determine what would happen afterward, because predictability would break down at the big bang.” (A Brief History of Time, by Stephen Hawking) Envelope Theory First step in the process of evolution was the formation of quantum envelopes in which the lowest form of energy (quantum) was in a packet or vibrations in the unified field. Envelope theory may be compared to the evolution of language from the level of alphabet to the writing of a book. Accordingly, this evolution may be expressed from letter (quantum) to word (particle) to sentence (atom) to paragraph (molecule) to chapter (matter) to book (object). First step in the process of creation/evolution was the formation of quantum envelopes. It had potencies that were the thoughts in the mind of God. Through impact of the Cosmic code, they materialize as things in the universe. First step in the process of evolution was the formation of quantum envelopes. The universe of quanta had perfect symmetry. While it had a large number of quanta, the field of consciousness and gravity, that enveloped the quanta, was one. The field contained the cosmic code for the creation and evolution of the universe. In digital language system, the evolution through envelopes may be explained from character to word to expression to sub-program to program to webpage to website to group of websites to internet /digital universe.

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Multiplication of quanta Evolution of the universe started from one quantum to many quanta. The quantum started multiplying from one to two to four to eight to sixteen quanta. If each step took one second, in ten seconds the number of quanta was 1024. All quanta had the one field of cosmic consciousness to regulate the evolution of the universe. Since the quantum is the lowest state of energy in a packet, there can be no energy inside or around it. Quantum is simply the center of the field of something around it. The vibrations in the field could be the code or thoughts that surround the quantum and cause movement for the formation of particles of energy. The quantum is the point of transformation from singularity to the universe of multiplicity of energy forms and consciousness fields and forces. It is the connecting point of the unified field and the universe. It is also the dividing point between the two states before and after the Big Bang. In this process, while the energy is moving in separate envelopes, the consciousness and gravity that surrounds all envelopes at all levels is one and remains so for all parts of the universe. This creates a new reality of the universe based on the quantum potency, consciousness universality and particle locality. Cosmic womb The evolution of the universe from one quantum to many quanta may be compared to the evolution of a human being from one cell to over one trillion cells (one followed by 12 zeros) in the mother’s womb. The universe is referred, in some spiritual traditions, as an egg in the cosmic womb. According to strong anthropic principle (SAP) (Barrow and Tipler), The Universe must have those properties which allow life to develop within it at some stage in its history. Following are three possible elaborations of the SAP, each proposed by Barrow and Tipler: 1. There exists one possible Universe 'designed' with the goal of generating and sustaining 'observers.' 2. This can be seen as simply the classic design argument restated in the garb of contemporary cosmology. It implies that the purpose of the

10 universe is to give rise to intelligent life, with the laws of nature and their fundamental physical constants set to ensure that life as we know it will emerge and evolve. 3. Observers are necessary to bring the Universe into being. Barrow and Tipler believe that this is a valid conclusion from quantum mechanics, as John Archibald Wheeler has suggested, especially via his participatory universe and Participatory Anthropic Principle (PAP). The universe In 5 minutes, the number of quanta reached 10^90 or one followed by 90 zeros. That could be the size of the universe. While the universe had a large number of quanta, the field of Cosmic code, consciousness and gravity, that enveloped the quanta, was one. When the quanta started coming close to form particles, the universe lost the unity and symmetry. It was transformed into clouds of clusters of galaxies. After some time, the quanta collected to form the particles as per the cosmic code of quantum envelopes. Particle envelope contained the quantum envelopes inside it. The particle envelopes collected to form atoms and atom envelopes. The atom envelopes collected to form molecules and molecule envelopes combined to form the inorganic and organic matter and envelopes. Clouds of particles When the quanta started coming close to form particles, the universe lost the unity and symmetry. It was transformed into clouds of particles. The duration of the universe of quantum envelopes was very short. Expansion due to the movement of quanta at light speed reduced the temperature. The symmetry was broken and the quanta collected to form the particles as per the code of quantum envelope. Particle envelope contained the quantum envelopes inside it. With the coming together of quanta in form of particles, the universe took the form of clouds of particles. The clouds were made of sub-atomic particles such as quarks and photons. Cluster of galaxies

11 This is part of a cluster of galaxies in one of the the clouds. One of these galaxies is our Milky Way! The particles in the clouds cooled to form atoms. A large collection of atoms formed a star and the cloud of particles now became the galaxies of stars made of atoms. Sun was one of the stars formed in the galaxy called the Milky Way. Like other stars, sun underwent transformations due to the changes in the atoms in it. Each atom contained a nucleus of particles known as protons and neutrons and one or more electrons moving around the nucleus in the field of the atom. The Milky Way Galaxy This is the Milky Way Galaxy. It contains over 100 billion stars and the sun is one of them. The number of quanta in a galaxy would be about 10^54 or one followed by 54 zeros. The Milky Way is a spiral galaxy 100,000 –120,000 light-years in diameter containing 200–400 billion stars. It may contain at least as many planets, with an estimated 10 billion of those orbiting in the habitable zone of their parent stars. The Solar System is located within the disk, around two thirds of the way out from the Galactic Center, on the inner edge of a spiral-shaped concentration of gas and dust called the Orion –Cygnus Arm. The Galaxy as a whole is moving at a velocity of 552 to 630 km per second, depending on the relative frame of reference. It is estimated to be about 13.2 billion years old, nearly as old as the Universe. Surrounded by several smaller satellite galaxies, the Milky Way is part of the Local Group of galaxies, which forms a subcomponent of the Virgo Supercluster. The solar system This is the sun and planets known as the solar System. The number of quanta in the solar system would be about 10^48. With the passage of time, cooling of atoms led to their coming together to form molecules. For example, two atoms of hydrogen and one atom of oxygen united to make the molecule of water. Scientists call this unification of atoms as covalent bond. As the star cooled, heavy atoms moved to the surface to form the molecules or molecule envelopes. This caused disequilibrium and led to

12 explosion of the star. This explosion is known as supernova through which the outer part of the star is thrown away to form planets and other bodies. The planets and other bodies around the sun emerged after supernova or supernovas. Our earth is one of the eight planets and numerous other bodies spinning and revolving around the sun. Everything on the earth, including the human beings, was once part of the sun and is called the star dust. The Earth and the Moon These are the earth and moon in the Solar System. The number of quanta in the earth would be about 10^43. The number of quanta in the moon would be about 10^41. Molecules combined to form the inorganic and organic matter. Inorganic matter followed the evolution based on the principle of entropy. Some organic matter developed the capacity to duplicate itself. This was through the emergence of cells that could live through the continued existence of their duplicates. These cells also developed functions that enabled them to maximize their capacity to maintain stability in a hostile environment. Reality of Atom Atoms are the building blocks of the universe as well as the human beings. An atom has three types of particles namely, electrons (yellow), protons (red) and neutrons (green). The size of particles is miniscule and most of the atom is empty space known as field. The particles occupy .01 per cent area while the field occupies 99.99 per cent area. The empty space or field is the abode of cosmic code, consciousness and the forces, functions and frequencies that regulate the processes of the universe. Leon Lederman and Christopher Hill, in their book “Quantum Physics for Poets” (2010) have observed: “Particles appear to have the luxury of where to be and what to do, with no regard to ironclad rules of cause and effect that one normally had associated with classical science. In the new quantum theory, God does in fact play dice with the universe.

13 An electron impinging upon an electronic wall has a finite probability of passing through the wall (a phenomenon called "tunneling"). So you can imagine the quantum tennis with quantum tunneling would be very challenging and very frustrating.” The area of particles is miniscule and most of the atom is empty space known as the field. Based on this fact, modern science has confirmed the dual nature of Reality-manifest reality of the particles and non-manifest reality of the field. Cars in Field To comprehend the size of atom, let us imagine that particle is a car of the length of one meter and their colors are yellow (electron), green (neutron) and red (proton). Each car would have millions of parts (quanta). It is interesting that CARSINFIELD is an acronym of the functions of human consciousness, namely, creativity, awareness, remembering, sense perceptions, intelligence, numbering, feeling, intentionality, emotions, language learning and dreaming. An atom has numerous particles and a particle has numerous quanta. Each atom could have about one trillion quanta. The car model of particle stresses this point. According to quantum theory, an observer (consciousness) is essential to know the physical world. Without consciousness as observer, Quantum Theory is neither complete nor comprehensible. The abode of consciousness is not the matter or energy particles but the Field that holds the matter in the body. The subjective experience of human beings through consciousness and its expression through language is as real as any experiment in physics. Functions of human consciousness, therefore, are important to understand the quantum theory. Size of Particle in Atom If the size of the particle (car) is one meter, the size of the atom will be over one million meters or 1000 km. To run the cars of particles in the field of atom, we will require a field of 1000 km. radius or an area approximately 1/3 the size of moon.

14 This shows that the field of an atom is not empty space but an abode of all non-manifest reality including codes and consciousness. To comprehend the reality of an atom, we should understand that it contains numerous particles having numerous quanta. If the size of atom is about 10-24 meter or one meter divided by one followed by 24 zeros, and the size of quantum is 10-36 meters or one meter divided by one followed by 36 zeros, each atom will have about 1012 or one trillion quanta. ‘Cars in Field’ model of atom highlights the size of the empty area. Universe as one field Zero Point Field (ZPF) Field of quantum (FOQ or ZPF) =0 Field of particle (FOP=0*Qn) =0 Field of atom (FOA=0*Pn) =0 Field of molecules (FOMo=0*An) =0 Field of matter (FOMa=0*Mon) =0 Field of earth (FOE=0*Man) =0 Field of star (FOS=0*En) =0 Field of galaxy (FOG=0*Sn) =0 Field of universe (FOU=0*Gn) =0 In his book “The Source Field Investigations: The Hidden Science and Lost Civilizations Behind the 2012 Prophecies”, David Wilcock, a renowned lecturer and film maker, has emphasized that the Source Field is the hidden 'matrix' that creates space, the flow of time, physical matter, energy and biological life as we know it and it is also the key to unlocking the mysteries of the mind. He has given numerous examples of very thorough and scientific experiments to prove that space, time, energy, matter and life are all the result of a universal conscious energy field. He has concluded that the Source Field is consciousness. In her book “The Field: The quest for the secret force of the universe (2003)”, Lynne McTaggart, a journalist, has stated that human beings and all living things are a coalescence of energy in a field of energy connected to every other thing in the world. This pulsating energy field is the central engine of our being and our consciousness, the alpha and the omega of our existence. She has described the field as a matrix or medium which connects

15 two or more points in space. The force is usually represented by ripples in the field or waves. David Bohm David Bohm's theory of implicate and explicate orders supports the existence of two realities, namely, the unified field and the observed universe. According to Bohm, our ordinary notions of space and time, along with those of separately existent material particles (explicate order), are derived from the deeper implicate order or the unified field. In Bohm’s conception of orders, primacy is given to the undivided whole and the implicate order inherent within the whole, rather than to parts of the whole in the explicate order. For Bohm, the whole encompasses all things, structures, abstractions and processes like in the unified field. In his view, parts may be entities normally regarded as physical, such as atoms or subatomic particles, but they may also be abstract entities, such as quantum states. For Bohm, the insights of quantum mechanics and relativity theory point to a universe that is undivided and in which all parts "merge and unite in one totality." This undivided whole is not static but rather in a constant state of flow and change, a kind of invisible ether from which all things arise and into which all things eventually dissolve. Indeed, even mind and matter are united. Similarly, living and nonliving entities are not separate. Thus, matter does not exist independently from so-called empty space; matter and space are each part of the wholeness. Bohm calls this flow the holomovement. Harold Puthoff According to Cambridge University’s Dr. Harold Puthoff, there is a ‘seething cauldron’ of zero point energy in the quantum vacuum or the unified field. Puthoff also maintains that matter resists acceleration not because it possesses some innate thing called mass, but because the zero point field exerts a force whenever acceleration takes place. Another name given to the unified field of energy and consciousness is the zero point field (ZPF). Hal Puthoff has suggested that mass is, in effect,

16 an illusion. Matter resists acceleration not because it possesses some innate thing called mass, but because the zero point field exerts a force whenever acceleration takes place. In other words, there exists a background sea of quantum energy that generates a force that opposes acceleration when any material object is pushed. That is why matter seems to be the solid and stable stuff. There is an electromagnetic force that acts upon the charge inside of matter to create the effect of inertia. It also implies that there is no charge inside matter. Matter is an illusion, created by the interaction of electromagnetic charges with the ZPF. In Puthoff’s view, ZPF explains not only inertia, but also gravity. An object’s inertial mass is equivalent to its gravitational mass. It may be noted that Einstein’s general theory of relativity is based upon the assumption that inertial and gravitational mass are the same, or at least indistinguishable from one another. So, if the ZPF creates inertia, then it also creates gravity. Bernard Haisch In his books, “The God Theory: Universes, Zero-point Fields, And What's Behind It All” (2007), and “The Purpose-Guided Universe: Believing in Einstein, Darwin and God” (2010), Bernard Haisch has explained that the zero-point field (the quantum vacuum) relates to awareness or consciousness. His ‘God Theory’ gives scientific support to cosmic consciousness or the mind of God. Bernard Haisch, an astrophysicist has stated in the first book, “The God Theory: "The fact that the zero-point field is the lowest energy state makes it unobservable. We can only perceive it, as we perceive many things, by way of contrast. Your eye works by letting light fall on an otherwise-dark retina. But if your eye were filled with light, there would be no darkness to afford the contrast". Haisch provides additional points to substantiate his views in the other book, “The Purpose-Guided Universe” and has concluded that the origin of this universe and all others that may exist lies in the will of a supreme consciousness, a consciousness that we all possess, in varying degrees. He believes that we will discover in this century that we shape our reality via consciousness to a much greater degree than is presently acknowledged. Richard Feynman

17 To give some idea of the magnitude of zero point energy, the famous physicist, Richard Feynman, explained that the energy in a single cubic meter of Zero Point Field was enough to boil all the oceans of the world! The Zero Point Field is a repository of all fields , all ground energy states and all virtual particles. It is a field of fields and energies. Richard Feynman, a Nobel laureate, understood the complexity of quantum theory. He said, “I think it is safe to say that no one understands quantum mechanics. Do not keep saying to yourself, if you can possibly avoid it, 'But how can it possibly be like that?' because you will go down the drain into a blind alley from which nobody has yet escaped. Nobody knows how it can be like that. Eugene Wigner Nobel laureate, Eugene Wigner, has supported the relevance of consciousness in the context of quantum theory. He has stated: "It was not possible to formulate the laws of quantum mechanics in a fully consistent way without reference to the consciousness." Near the end of his life, Wigner's thoughts turned more philosophical. In his memoirs, Wigner said: "The full meaning of life, the collective meaning of all human desires, is fundamentally a mystery beyond our grasp. As a young man, I chafed at this state of affairs. But by now I have made peace with it. I even feel a certain honor to be associated with such a mystery." He became interested in the Vedanta philosophy of Hinduism, particularly its ideas of the universe as an all pervading consciousness. Human body Components: Human body = 1 Parts of body = 10^2 Organs = 10^3 Tissues = 10^8 Cells = 10^14 Molecules = 10^20

18 Atoms = 10^24 Particles = 10^30 Quanta = 10^36 Despite the large number of components as indicated on the left side, the field of life and consciousness in the body is one. This suggests that the non-physical part of human being is related to consciousness and life. According to the structure of atoms, the field of life and consciousness in the body is one but covers more space than the particles. This suggests that the field or non-physical part of human being that is abode of consciousness and life is bigger than the physical part. Colors and consciousness Colors exist only in our consciousness. In the physical world, they are colorless electro-magnetic waves. When some of these waves enter our brain through the eyes, they are perceived in the consciousness as colors. Electromagnetic waves exist with an enormous range of frequencies. This continuous range of frequencies is known as the electromagnetic spectrum. The entire range of the spectrum is often broken into specific regions. The subdividing of the entire spectrum into smaller spectra is done mostly on the basis of how each region of electromagnetic waves interacts with matter. According to Leon Lederman and Christopher Hill, ‘Visible light differs only in wavelength from the new, enormously useful radio waves, FM waves, and microwaves on one side of the visible band, and ultraviolet, x-rays, and gamma rays on the other. (Quantum Physics for Poets (2010)) Brain as processor Both consciousness and brain are essential for mind, a process that takes place in the brain through the impact of consciousness. Human mind may be compared to the process in a machine like television. When the machine (brain) processes the information transmitted by a broadcasting station (consciousness), we experience it as mind. Stuart Hameroff, who has done research on consciousness, has explained that consciousness defines our existence and reality. He has asked, ‘how does the brain generate thoughts and feelings?’ Most

19 explanations portray the brain as a computer, with nerve cells ("neurons") and their synaptic connections acting as simple switches, or "bits" which interact in complex ways. In this view consciousness is said to "emerge" as a novel property of complex interactions among neurons, as hurricanes and candle flames emerge from complex interactions among gas and dust molecules. However this approach fails to explain why we have feelings and awareness, an "inner life". So we don't know how the brain produces consciousness. Paul Davies In his book, “The Mind of God” (1990), physicist Paul Davies, has suggested that modern science can provide the key that will unlock the secret of creation and reality of the universe. In other book, “The Goldilocks Enigma: Why is the Universe Just Right for Life?”, Davies explains that the universal fundamental physical constants are precisely adjusted to make life in the universe possible. The physical constants can be based on cosmic code only. In his quest for an ultimate explanation, Davies examines in “The Mind of God” several questions that have preoccupied humankind. His conclusion is that the universe is "no minor byproduct of mindless, purposeless forces. We are truly meant to be here." He has expressed hope that, by the means of science, we can truly see into the mind of God. Nick Herbert Nick Herbert, a physicist and author of ‘Quantum Reality: Beyond the New Physics’ (1987), supports a holistic interpretation of quantum physics that includes consciousness. According to Herbert, “Science’s biggest mystery is the nature of consciousness. It is not that we possess bad or imperfect theories of human awareness; we simply have no such theories at all.“ According to Herbert, the quantum reality problem arises primarily because quantum theory describes the world in two ways, not one. Quantum theory represents an object differently depending on whether it is being observed or not being observed. Every physicist without exception uses this twofold quantum description in his or her own work, but physicists hold

20 many divergent opinions about "what is actually going on" during these two stages in an object's existence: being observed and not-being-observed. Herbert supports a holistic interpretation of quantum physics. He has argued for "quantum animism" in which mind permeates the world at every level. Herbert is also devising a new science which he calls Quantum Tantra. Roger Penrose In his book "Shadows of the Mind" (1994), the British mathematician and physicist, Roger Penrose, has supported the concept of the eternal world of Platonic ideas, which is independent of human mind and includes the unchangeable concepts of mathematics. In Penrose’s view, the Platonic world gives rise to the physical world. In his 1989 book "The emperor's new mind" Penrose suggested that the choices resulting from this quantum gravity mediated form of objective reduction are not random, but influenced by Platonic information embedded at the Planck scale, the fundamental level of the universe. In Stuart Hameroff’s view, it is the only approach which seems capable of tying everything together. Moreover the connection to a Platonic fundamental reality provides a scientific avenue to spirituality. In an article in Nature magazine (January 2005), Roger Penrose suggested the need for including consciousness in any complete theory of everything. He wrote: “…a physical ‘theory of everything' should at least contain the seeds of an explanation of the phenomenon of consciousness… It must be of such sophistication that the brain is enabled to dig more deeply into the fundamental workings of the Universe than are more commonplace physical systems.” John S. Hagelin A renowned physicist, John S. Hagelin, maintains that the experience of the unified field of consciousness, in which the observer, the process of observation and the observed are unified, is a means of realizing the ultimate inseparability of the observer and the observed. According to Hagelin, the structure of the unified field, from the standpoint of modern theoretical physics, is

21 consistent with this view in which the unified field is both a subjective and an objective reality. Hagelin has suggested that the roots of the unified field theory may be found in the Vedas, holy scriptures of India. According to Vedic literature, the separation between the observer and the observed is a matter of subjective view only. The unified field of consciousness, experienced as the most fundamental state of human awareness, is considered to be a level of reality at which such a separation cannot be inferred. In Hagelin’s view, the experience of the unified field of consciousness, in which the observer, the process of observation and the observed are unified, is considered to be a means of realizing the ultimate inseparability of the observer and the observed. According to him, the structure of the unified field, from the standpoint of modern theoretical physics, is consistent with this view in which the unified field is both a subjective and an objective reality. String theory According to string theory, the sub-atomic particle is not point like but consists of a tiny, one-dimensional loop. Like an infinitely thin rubber band, each particle contains a vibrating filament that physicists have named a string. The string theory suggests that the observed particle properties are a reflection of the various ways in which a string can vibrate. Just as the strings on a violin have resonant frequencies at which they prefer to vibrate, the same holds true for the loops of string theory. There are different views on the nature and composition of strings. They could also be considered as vibrations of consciousness or thoughts. A variation of the string theory, supported by John Hagelin, is superstring theory in which the vibrations of the massless string are found below the Planck scale (in the unified field). These strings could correspond to the subjective modes of experience in the domain of pure consciousness. This subjective mode could also relate to the thoughts in the unified field of consciousness. Daniel Dennett According to Daniel Dennett, a philosopher of consciousness, qualia are the micro wave form of consciousness just as quanta are the micro energy form of matter.

22 Qualia could also be like Plato’s ideas and, therefore, thoughts in the mind of God. Daniel Dennett identifies four properties that are commonly ascribed to qualia. According to these, qualia are: ineffable; that is, they cannot be communicated, or apprehended by any other means than direct experience. intrinsic; that is, they are non-relational properties, which do not change depending on the experience's relation to other things. private; that is, all interpersonal comparisons of qualia are systematically impossible. directly or immediately apprehensible in consciousness; that is, to experience a quale is to know one experiences a quale, and to know all there is to know about that quale. Sir James Jeans In his book, ‘The Mysterious Universe (1930)’, Sir James Jeans has stated: “The universe begins to look more like a great thought than a great machine.” The great thought of Sir James Jeans could only be the thought in the Mind of God. The universe is the creation of that Mind and the creation is based on cosmic code. In an interview, Sir James Jeans said, “I incline to the idealistic theory that consciousness is fundamental, and that the material universe is derivative from consciousness, not consciousness from the material universe...In general the universe seems to me to be nearer to a great thought than to a great machine. It may well be, it seems to me, that each individual consciousness ought to be compared to a brain-cell in a universal mind. What remains is in any case very different from the full-blooded matter and the forbidding materialism of the Victorian scientist. His objective and material universe is proved to consist of little more than constructs of our own minds. To this extent, then, modem physics has moved in the direction of philosophic idealism. Mind and matter, if not proved to be of similar nature, are at least found to be ingredients of one single system. There is no longer room for the kind of dualism which has haunted philosophy since the days of Descartes.”

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Conclusion God is the Cosmic Creator. Universe is the cosmic creation. Creation is based on cosmic code. Awareness of the Cosmic Creator, cosmic creation and cosmic code is cosmic consciousness. Evidently there is ample scientific support to the concept of unified field of consciousness. There could be only one source of creation of all things in the universe. That source had the intelligence and power to transform thoughts into objects. We have called it the mind of God. At the quantum level, the energy had no charge and it was the cosmic consciousness and its creative code that activated the energy in the process of evolution. All reality is, therefore, the product of intelligence inherent in consciousness. We cannot describe physical reality without referring to consciousness. The ideas of well-known scientists quoted in this article are profound and based on thorough investigations, experiments and calculations. The conclusions derived from those ideas confirm the close relationship between the thoughts of the creator and things in the universe. The acceptance of this reality can correct many erroneous concepts and solve many problems currently faced by humanly.

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