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Conditional Sentences

Conditional Sentences

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Published by Arief El Hakim

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Published by: Arief El Hakim on Jun 19, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Conditional Sentences

 We use conditional sentences to describe how an action or situation affects its result.
Example : If I have enough money, I will go to Paris. conditional clause main clause

Structure : If - Clause + Main Clause
 The If-clause usually comes before the main clause, but it can come after it. Example : If you study hard, you will be clever.

You will be clever If you study hard.

¤ TYPE 1

¤ TYPE 2
¤ TYPE 3

¤ Conditional Sentences TYPE 1
If – clause : Simple Present Main Clause : Simple Future → We use the first conditional to talk about something we feel is a probable future result.

e.g. If it rains, we will get wet. If I find her address, I will send her an invitation. e.g. If I invest it, I might lose it all.

→ We can use might, could, or may instead of will to suggest something is less probable.

¤ Conditional Sentences TYPE 2
If – clause : Simple Past Main Clause : Past Future → We use the second conditional to talk about impossible or unlikely situations in the present. e.g. If I had wings, I would fly. If I had the money, I would buy a plane. Reality : I don’t have wings. I don’t have the money.

¤ Conditional Sentences TYPE 3
If – clause : Past Perfect Main Clause : Past Future Perfect

→ We use the third conditional to imagine the result of something that did not happen or regret to the past events. e.g. If John had the money, he would have bought a

Ferrari. If I had found the book, I would have given it to you. Reality : John didn’t have money. I didn’t find the book, so I didn’t give it to you.

TYPE 1 SIMPLE PRESENT ( s + v1 ) ( s + to be +n/adj )

, MAIN CLAUSE , SIMPLE FUTURE ( s + modals + v1)

Real in the present or future

TYPE 2 SIMPLE PAST , PAST FUTURE ( s + v2 ) ( s + past modals + v1) ( s + to be + n/adj )

Unreal in the present or future

TYPE 3 PAST PERFECT ( s + had + v3 )

, PAST FUTURE PERFECT ( s + p. modals + have + v3)

Unreal in the past


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