WHY AMALGMATION OF TRADITIONAL AND MODERN ARCHITECTURE IS NEEDED FOR PRESENT IND IA.

IN AN ANSWER TO THE QUESTION, ARE INDIAN ARCHITECTS ABLE TO INFLUENCE CHANGE MOR E THAN ARCHITECTS IN THE WEST, CHARLES CORREA SAID AFTER A LECTURE IN LONDON THE Y ARE NOT. BUT THAT DID NOT STOP THEM FROM TRYING. WHAT OUR ANCESTORS ACHIEVED FROM TRADITIONAL TECHNIQUE STILL WE ARE NOT ABLE TO ACHIEVE THAT. WE ARE JUST MAKING GLASS BOXES WITHOUT CONSIDERING THE EFFECT OF T HESE INTO THE ENVIRONMENT. IN THE PAST, CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUE WERE MUCH SIMPLER THAN THEY ARE TODAY STILL THEY ACHIEVED MORE THAN WHAT WE ARE NOT ABLE TO ACHIEVED TILL DATE. ARE WE GOING INTO THE RIGHT DIRECTION? ARE WE ABLE TO FIND THE RIGHT PATH WHICH WILL TAKE US INTO THE RIGHT DIRECTION BY WHICH WE CAN HELP OUR FUTURE GENERATION S AND CAN ENSURE BETTER FUTURE TO THEM? ALL EYES ARE STARING AT US. WHY DO NOT T HEY DEMAND FROM US, THAT IS TRULY THEIR RIGHT? SOME OF THE MODERN ARCHITECTS ARE WORKING TO MAKE ENVIRONMENT CLEAN AND GREEN, B UT ARE THESE EFFORTS ARE ENOUGH WITHOUT THE INVOLVEMENT OF EVERY ONE? {BUILDINGS GENERATE 40% TOTAL GREENHOUSE GASES INTO THE ENVIRONMENT {HENCE THERE IS IMMEDI ATE NEED TO RECONSIDER THE IMPORTANCE OF BETTER CONSTRUCTION PRACTICES}. some of the ARCHITECTS are using materials which is locally available, which can be pro cured at the site itself it can save the initial cost and can reduce the polluti on which will be generating to get it material from other places. ARE WE THINKING OUT OF THE BOX? WE ARE NOT. WE ARE JUST TRYING TO REPRODUCE OTHE R COUNTRIES ARCHITECTURAL WORK WHICH ONLY SUITS TO THEIR TOPOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE AND NOT OURS. INDIA IS IN TOTALLY A DIFFERENT REGION ALL TOGETHER HAVING DIFFERE NT CLIMATIC FACTORS, THEREFORE WE MUST DESIGN ACCORDING TO THE SENTIMENT OF THE PEOPLE, HERE THE INVOLVEMENT OF THE SENTIMENT IS MUCH LARGER IN SCALE WITHOUT KE EPING THAT IN MIND, IT WOULD BE VERY DIFFICULT FOR AN ARCHITECT TO DESIGN. AS THE SECOND MOST POPULATED COUNTRY IN THE WORLD WE NEED TO RECONSIDER OUR LAND USE PATTERN. FURTHER, WITH 41.6% POPULATION OF INDIA STILL LIVE BELOW THE INTER NATIONAL POVERTY LINE, BY CONSIDERING ALL THE ABOVE ISSUES DEMAND OF THE ARCHITE CTURE IN INDIA IS TO MAKE BUILDING GREEN WHICH GENERATES LESS CARBON EMISSION BU T IN OTHER HAND NOT TO EXCEED THE COST OF THE CONSTRUCTION. SO THAT WE HAVE TO I NNOVATE A TECHNIQUE WHICH LASTS LONG AND HELP US TO MAKE BRIGHTER FUTURE FOR YOU NGER GENERATION. IN THE PRESENT SCENARIO, WE DONâ T EVEN KNOW WHAT WE ARE MAKING. AND WHETHER WHAT WE ARE MAKING FOR GOOD IS PROGRESSING IN THE RIGHT DIRECTION, WHICH RESULTS IN A G REEN AND ENERGY CONSCIOUS SOLUTION. THIS IS THE LAST CALL; TIME TO THINK WHAT WE ARE DOING IS GOOD OR BAD FOR FUTURE . AMALGAMATION OF TRADITIONAL AND MODERN ARCHITECTURE IS THE ONLY SOLUTION BY WHIC H INDIA CAN SURVIVE IN THE RACE OF DEVELOPMENT AS WELL AS ENERGY CONSCIOUS DESIG NING. WE HAVE TO MAKE MODERN BUILDINGS WITH THE HELP OF TRADITIONAL TECHNIQUES. SOME ARCHITECTS ARE DOING A COMMENDABLE JOB IN MAKING THE BUILDINGS SUSTAINABLE AND ENVIRONMENT FRIENDLY, BUT THE INVOLVEMENT OF THE PEOPLE SHOULD ALSO INCREASE , ONLY THEN CAN WE MAKE OUR COUNTRY A PIONEER IN ARCHITECTURE. WE CAN SEE SOME OF THE GOOD EXAMPLES OF AMALGAMATION OF MODERN AND TRADITIONAL I N DELHI ITSELF AS DA HEADQUARTER DESIGN BY AR. ASHOK LALL AND TERI RETREAT BY AR . SANJAY PRAKASH AND MANY OTHERS. CHARLES CORREA, AS A MODERN ARCHITECT, INCORPORATED VERNACULAR AS WELL AS CLIMAT E RESPONSIVE ELEMENTS IN HIS PROJECTS. HE DESIGNED MASSES KEEPING IN VIEW THE EX POSURE AND ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS OF THE SITE. HIS BUILDINGS DEPICT THE CONTEXT T HAT EVOLVES THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE TWO SUBJECTS. OLD TRADITIONS CONSTRUCTED A BETTER LINK BETWEEN MAN AND NATURE. THE COURTYARD P LANNING, OLDEST TECHNIQUE TO REDUCE HEAT GAIN WAS EMPLOYED IN COMPOSITE CLIMATE REGIONS. IN SUCH HOUSES, DIFFERENT SPACES WERE USED IN CONTEXT OF DAY AND NIGHT. THEREFORE, AREAS WERE HUGE AND CAPABLE. TODAYâ S SCENARIO HAS A DIFFERENT STORY TO T ELL I.E. RESOURCES ARE LIMITED AND THE DEMAND IS HIGH. THIS CALLS FOR SUSTAINABL E AND SELF-DEPENDENT BUILT MASSES, WHERE EACH REQUIREMENT IS MET AND THOUGHT UPO N.

TO CREATE A PERFECT BLEND OF MODERN AND TRADITIONAL ARCHITECTURE, WE NEED TO UND ERSTAND OUR RESOURCES; THEIR ADVANTAGES AND DRAWBACKS. NATURE AND ITS BOUNTIES A RE VAST. MAKING THE BEST OUT OF WHAT IS AVAILABLE TO US WILL MAKE THIS WORLD A B ETTER PLACE TO LIVE. ENERGY CONSERVATION IS THE NEED OF THE HOUR. USE OF HEAT ABSORBING MATERIALS IN OUR BUILDINGS HAVE HARVESTED HEAT ISLANDS AROUND US WHICH ARE STEADILY GIVING RI SE TO GREENHOUSE GASES. AS AN EXAMPLE, GLAZING THE FAÃ ADE OF A BUILDING IN TEMPERAT E ZONES RESULTS IN MAXIMUM HEAT GAIN INSIDE THE ROOM AND THEREFORE NON-PASSIVE S OURCES OF COOLING HAVE TO BE EMPLOYED, IN THIS CASE AN AIR-CONDITIONER. PROLONGE D USE OF ELECTRICITY INCREASES THE RUNNING COST OF THE BUILDING LEADING TO INCRE ASED ENERGY CONSUMPTION. TO COUNTER SUCH WASTAGE, CONSTRUCTION OF CAVITY WALLS I S AN OPTION. THE RADIATION HEATS THE AIR INSIDE THE CAVITY, AND AS HOT AIR RISES , IT IS EVENTUALLY PASSED OUT FROM THE VENTS ON THE TERRACE. THESE TECHNIQUES AR E OLD YET PROFITABLE. AS AN ARCHITECT WE HAVE TO BECOME MORE RESPONSIBLE TOWARDS THE MOTHER NATURE, WE ARE THE ONES WHO CAN SAVE NATURE BY INCORPORATING ENERGY EFFICIENT DESIGN SOLUT IONS IN BUILDINGS WE DESIGN.

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