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Pan Tao - Experiences With Low Carbon Planning and Development Initiatives in the PRC

Pan Tao - Experiences With Low Carbon Planning and Development Initiatives in the PRC

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Published by: Asia Clean Energy Forum on Jun 20, 2012
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EXPERIENCES WITH LOW CARBON PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT INITIATIVES IN THE PRC

PAN TAO ACEF , JUNE 6TH, 2012

But first…

What does the

do in China?

… Capacity Building
Globally:
 20+ years experience  75 capacity-building programs in 24 countries

Major Ongoing Programs in China, primarily in Guangdong and Jiangsu provinces:
 EHS/IEE/GHG Training Academies in Suzhou & Guangzhou

 Climate Leadership Academies & Resource Guides
 Industrial Energy Efficiency Training and Deployment Minor or completed:

  

Environmental Governance
Community-Based Energy Efficiency Education for Sustainable Development Post Earthquake Reconstruction & Sustainability

CONTENTS OF PRESENTATION
• National and provincial programs on low carbon development
• Key challenges in climate strategies and actions • Case study: US-China partnership for Climate Action • Lessons learned

POLITICAL COMMITMENTS
 12th 5-year plan stated that carbon intensity will reduce by 17% inY2011-2015 .
 The energy and carbon intensity targets have been allocated to various provinces, varying from 10% to 19.5%. More developed regions such as Guangdong(19.5%), Shanghai (19%), Jiangsu(19%), get higher targets.  The provincial targets will be further allocated to cities in 2012.  Shanghai is the first city which has set the Y2015 cap for its total amount of energy consumption and has allocated intensity target to sub-cities.

12TH FYP ENERGY INTENSITY TARGETS

Targets are a mix of economic capacity, energy structure, energy saving potential, and negotiation.
Ref. Stephanie Ohshita & Lynn Price (LBNL) and TIAN Zhiyu, China, June 2011

NATIONAL AND PROVINCIAL PROGRAMS
• National demonstration program
 5 provinces and 8 cities program (NDRC, 2010)  Carbon trading scheme program(NDRC, 2011)  Low carbon ecological town initiative (MOF, MOHURD, NDRC, 2011)  Many other initiatives related to renewables, green lighting, electric vehicles, 10-thousand companies for energy efficiency, etc.

• Provincial demonstration program (as examples)
 Jiangsu province: 4 cities, 10 industrial zones and 10 companies  Guangdong province: 4 cities and 8 counties/districts

• The first requirement– to develop a low carbon action plan

KEY CHALLENGES
• High targets but low incentives
 National targets are being allocated top-down to provinces and further to cities. Buy-in from local level is insufficient.  Very limited public funding incentives are available.

• Ambitious action plan but poor implementation
 Lack of GHG standards/guidelines makes action plan less measurable and accountable.  The implementation has been lag behind the schedule in most of places.

• High global priority but low local awareness
 Poor civic engagement of the action plan and implementation.  Lack of public pressure on the big emitters for GHG mitigation.

US-CHINA PARTNERSHIP FOR CLIMATE ACTION PROGRAM (PCA)
• Goal:
 build capacity of industries and cities to contribute to China’s national and international commitments to low-carbon and environmentally sustainable development.

• Program components
 Component 1--Industry: Environmental, Energy, and Carbon Management -ISC’s EHS Academies (EHSAs)  Component 2 -- Power Sector: Overcoming Barriers to Energy Efficiency  Component 3 -- Low Carbon Cities: Cooperation on Best Practices-ISC’s Climate Leadership Academies (CLAs)

SUMMARY OF COMPONENT 3: CITIES
 Provided peer learning opportunities on low carbon development through CLA workshops and network events for 360 city officials and representatives from 41 cities; and scaling up to major cities through CLA champion network.
 Developed 3 tools and methodologies on GHG accounting standards, low carbon planning;  Collaborated with the partners in conducting 3 in-depth studies of the guidelines, and practices on 1)GHG inventory at city-level, on 2)low carbon industrial zones and on 3) the low carbon communities (work under progress);  Signed MoUs/Collaborative Agreements with 3 cities (Guangzhou, Yangzhou, Xiaolan), 2 provincial agencies, 3 institutes and universities;

 Assisted 3 cities in implementing integrated initiatives on low carbon master plan, urban redevelopment, community climate action plan;

With focus on Jiangsu Province

Lianyungang Xuzhou

Suqian Huaian Yancheng

Yangzhou Taizhou Nantong Nanjing Zhenjiang Changzhou

Cities with a red dot: CLA participants Cities with ISC logo: Demonstration project

Wuxi

Suzhou

With focus on Guangdong Province

Shaoguan

Meizhou Qingyuan Guangzhou Zhaoqing Foshan Dongguan Huizhou Shanwei Heyuan Chaozhou

Jieyang Shantou

Yunfu

Jiangmen Zhongshan

Shenzhen

Zhuhai Yangjiang Maoming

Cities with a red dot: CLA participants Cities with ISC logo: Demonstration project

Zhanjiang

LESSONS LEARNED
 Low emission development strategy needs to focus on the growth, addressing the “why to do?”.
How to make business case is crucial to get buy-in from cities;  GHG standards and guidelines needs to be developed systematically, addressing the “what to do?”. GHG accounting at city-level ; guidelines for low carbon districts/industrial zones, communities ;  Best practices need to be localized, addressing the “how to do?”. International best practices is good for inspiration. The local solutions have to be generated from local people.  Multi-stakeholder and civic engagement need to be strengthened in both phases of planning and implementation, addressing the“how to do better?”. The combination of bottom-up and top-down approaches is proven to be most useful and effective. Cultivating champions is our focus.

THANK YOU

Dr. Pan Tao Program manager of low carbon cities

US-China Partnership for Climate Action Program
Institute for Sustainable Communities (ISC) pantao@iscchina.org

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