Republic of the Philippines Southern Luzon State University College of Teacher Education Lucban, Quezon Vision A service-oriented

state university known for its excellence in sciences, technology, culture and the arts, and strong advocacy for the protection of ecosystem in the Region and management of Mout Banahaw. Mission To be an active instrument of peace, economic upliftment, and overall community development by producing globally prepared, morally upright and ecologically conscious, and productive citizen. Core Values GO – God loving S – Service-oriented L – Leadership by example S – Sustained Passion for Excellence U – Undiminished Commitment to Peace and Environment Advocacy

Goals and Objectives of College of Teacher Education Goals Provide excellent instruction, relevant research, responsive extension and creative production toward quality teacher education program. Objectives Instruction Produce responsive, functional, values-oriented and globally-competitive professional educators by providing deep and principled of the teaching-learning process. Develop effective and creative future educators through exposure to meaningful experiential learning.

Mould analytical and critical thinking educators through experience with varied innovative teaching- learning approaches. Research Generate pertinent research endeavors to enhance and develop teaching and learning practices. Initiative investigations to help intensify innovative programs and projects for alternative learning systems for community development. Conduct studies documenting the community’s socio-political and cultural practices to enrich cultural heritage. Extension Incorporate immersion activities and extension endeavors with curricular and instruction programs to intensify community-development agenda. Offer relevant continuing education program to enhance and develop teaching and learning practices. Facilitate livelihood programs through non-formal education. Production Produce books, manual, monographs and similar instructional materials to enrich and developed curricular teaching-learning schemes. Create technology-transfer materials to intensify networking of community-development programs.

Vision A service-oriented state university known for its excellence in sciences, technology, culture and the arts, and strong advocacy for the protection of ecosystem in the Region and management of Mout Banahaw. Mission To be an active instrument of peace, economic upliftment, and overall community development by producing globally prepared, morally upright and ecologically conscious, and productive citizen. Core Values GO – God loving S – Service-oriented L – Leadership by example S – Sustained Passion for Excellence U – Undiminished Commitment to Peace and Environment Advocacy

Each teacher can recount numerous highs and lows in their teaching career. Personally, I experienced many great moments while teaching. These were days when I ended so happy and enthusiastic that I knew I had selected the right profession. On the other hand, I had days where I definitely questioned teaching as a career. Days where the students seemed uninterested, too talkative, or worse a blow up occurred and nothing got taught. Thankfully the average combined with the positive days outshines my negative days. For us pre-service teachers preparing to enter the professions I believe that providing real teaching experiences will enable us to be develop and prepared for the actual teaching profession. The faculty members support us and supervised our performances. All the learning that we acquired from our mentors and supervisors as well as our own experiences will serve us a guide in the path of teaching. Their comments, suggestions, constructive criticism, and words of encouragement for us as well as their correction, checking and supervision will make us finest future teacher. We all know that we learn from our own mistakes and experiences. If you’re not better this time, tomorrow is another chance to shine. We must put into our mind that there’s always a room for improvement wherein we learn through training and practices. Let us not be afraid to be corrected and given an advice from our superior because they want to help us improve ourselves.


The Making of a Pre-Service Teacher

Being a teacher is not about grades. It’s about being who you are. No book can teach you how to cry with your students. No class can teach you how to tell a family that their sons have failed. No professor can teach you how to fid dignity in giving someone an advice. A teacher is not about the chalk or the board. It’s about being able to love students when they are at their weakest moments. My first week at Luis Palad National High School was very pressuring yet exciting. I was assigned with the sophomores while my fellow Pre-Service Teachers were assigned on the higher years. I was given a four day observation period before I start my actual daily teaching. Mrs.Vilma Fidelino, popularly known as Ma’am V.F. to her students was my new cooperating teacher for this semester. I can say that she was very strict in teaching and manages her time well. She holds position in various school organizations and programs. She speaks in a loud voice and even louder when there are parts of the lesson that needs for emphasis. She wants everything in order. She was very good in discipline that no student dares to oppose. Her students obey her at all times. To this, I felt somewhat worried and conscious that I might not please her or satisfy her standards of teaching. I was easily swallowed by the feedbacks of my other pre-service teachers who knew her. They told me that Ma’am V.F was perfectionist but a very dedicated teacher. I also felt drowned by the high expectations of my mentor every time she tells me that she wants to see something incredible about my teaching. She also often asks me about my grades and accomplishments at school. When it comes to learning environment, we used two classrooms. The first one was beside the Filipino Department rooms while the latter was the newest room on the Nantes Type Building. Both classrooms were very conducive. The environment was organized, stimulating and comfortable for effective learning. It is conducive and safe because the students feel free to move and express themselves. The students could write, read and share ideas independently and collaboratively. The area contains comfortable space for writing and discussion. The teacher’s desk was elevated in an area where the teacher can view the entire classroom. The ventilation and the lightings were also comfortable for learning. The students that I handled were of various kinds. There are students who love engaging themselves in organizations and peers while others prefer to be alone. There were students who

were fast learners, average learners or slow learners. Adjusting to the level of their capabilities was a must. I believed that every student was unique and was capable of learning in different ways. Using various strategies and instructional materials which were useful to meet students’ needs were important to attain desired learning goals.

These tamed students were the advisory class of my mentor. Discipline and well-behavior were clearly shown on their actions as they welcome me to their class. With regards to the students of II-VF is a type of students who followed instructions with no protest and complain. They were students who follow any commands as instructed by their teachers. I can easily get their attention especially when discussing literary materials. They like reading, taking down notes as well as doing assignments. They are listening attentively to their teacher. Honestly, I was not comfortable with the classroom aura. It was somewhat conducive but it lacks in inner feeling of enjoyment and standing on one’s decisions and beliefs. On that moment I really knew how it feels to be a teacher with those kinds of students but I know this experience would help me when I'm already on the actual profession. When I am already a teacher I would promote a democratic way of handling students as often asked what way of teaching they would prefer or be comfortable of. Seeing the positive side of the spectrum, II-VF exemplified the value of friendship and camaraderie especially in doing assignments and projects. They treated one another equally and as their own brothers and sisters. They were also the student who shown cleanliness and care for their room. I can say that this section teach me to be responsible and to value the importance of time. Since it was my first class I had to wake up early and go to school with all my materials wellprepared and the room cleaned.


Here, I learned the value of being professional and being equipped with adept knowledge on the topic that I would teach. These young bloods taught me how to face challenges of teaching almost know-it-all-stuff creatures. Best students really brought out the best teaching strategies in teachers. Here, I learned to be careful on my grammar and pronunciation. These students were the Paladian’s pride for wining various competitions in and out of the school. On my first encounter with them, they flushed me with their smiles and greetings. They were the type of students that can easily be motivated with intriguing topics that always lead to classroom debates. During discussions, they cared to volunteer in recitations and presentations that would enhance their competencies. They also enjoy seat works, assignments and drills. On the other hand, I notice that being the first section, they were all grade conscious and competitive. They were somewhat argumentative when it comes to computation of scores. They fight for what they believe is right and lawful. I find difficulty in checking their long quiz because they always asked for rechecking and recounting of the results. I would never forget our argument about a certain topic. It was a logical reasoning type of question. The argument between me and those philosophers lasted almost half an hour and in the end the case was still unsettled. My mentor gave me suggestions that it would be better if my method of teaching to use was student centered approach wherein the ideas and opinion will be coming from my pupils. And I think it is effective because they all want to speak and share, but the worst thing is that they want to speak in chorus. So As a teacher I must not allow them to answer in chorus. I must guide them and give additional information with regards to our lesson. Another thing is giving them interesting activity wherein everyone will participate. I'm thankful with my mentor because she always gives words of encouragement. She told me that I shows enthusiasm in teaching and must keep it up. I could say that this section was really enjoying because I had been with those cute and smart students. I was amazed with their performances at their innocent age. I didn’t find so much difficulty in dealing with them aside from making lots of visual aids used to teach them. I really had a great time with II-CL.


Here, I learned that the real nature of respect is by being true to our own selves and accept the changes and the challenges that are happening around us. These all immature students thought me how to value students and teaching more than I can expect. My week of observing them was full of threats; I was warned by my mentors that this section was the untamed among the section she was handling. I am bit worried that I might be bullied by these students and not listen to my teaching but I am expecting that this class would be exciting. On my first observation with them, I noticed that they kept on laughing and cracking jokes regarding the mistakes committed by one another during recitations and activities. There students do were not cared of committing mistakes and seemed unafraid to Ma’am VF. Honestly, I really like to teach in II-JDC because I remember students who have the same behavior as them (IMariner). My first teaching on them was very hazardous, I may say. II-JDC was a flock of 58 students ranging from the noisy, noisier and the noisiest. As I started to know them better, I realized that they were not really brat but were cool and smart students who take things easily. In every lesson, I can safely surmise that they are the real motivation. They love doing incredible stuffs that made them unique from one another. I was assigned with II-JDC who were sometimes naughty based from my observation but I found out that they were sweet and polite students too because I had experienced that even though I'm still young they asked me to bless them before they leave the classroom. Some of them wait for me and join me walking outside the school. I can say that they are sweet in a way that they hug me and I was surprised with that.

Teaching was for pleasure and enjoyment. This also goes the same with the feeling of being respected and valued for as a teacher. II- RRS exemplified a true paradigm of respect for teachers and love for keeping friends.

This section was the fifth on the sections of the Second Year. Ma’am V.F. reminded me to be patient in teaching these kinds of students. She was right; this section was notably poor in the academics. Most of them were hesitant to participate in activities especially the recitation but I believed that these could be cured through giving them extra time and encouragements. In my actual teaching I anticipated that it would be harder for me to motivate and get their attention toward learning. But I was still hoping that time would come that they would participate with the activities that I had prepared. During our discussion, I already expected that there would be interruptions due to students’ unexpected behaviors but I still I shown patience and continued the lesson for the sake of those students who showed some interest in the topic. Whenever there were topics that seemed unclear to them, especially grammar lessons, I never bothered to repeat discussion. I often encourage them to asked questions and never blamed them for committing mistakes. I showed them that I was listening to them. I appreciated every little thing that they accomplished each they. I often told them that they’re improving on quizzes and formal themes. My bonding moments with them were very memorable. They were not ashamed to open up their feelings and thoughts regarding certain matters. They often go to our classroom after their last subject to chat with me. They loved telling stories of events happening to them and on what they feel about the subject and the other pre-service teachers. We enjoyed taking pictures on vacant periods and listening to music. I really enjoyed my stay in II-RRS. Here, I felt that I was really appreciated by my students. Life was very ironical I may say. At first I found it hard to teach them but in the end I find it difficult to leave them. I really had a great time with them it seems that in the deepest part of my heart I can say that "napamahal na sila sa akin" and I will miss them so much.

When it comes to teaching experience, it was a combination of a sweet and spicy feeling. This section was the combination of the four sections mentioned earlier. Here, I experience seeing

students quarrel inside the classroom (a boy vs. girl childish fight and hitting of books on each other’s face). I also witnessed petty love affairs and crushes. With regards to my observations, they were very active and energetic. They loved to volunteer on activities and to participate in every discussion but some were not. As I started to know them better, I realized that they were who find happiness from friendship and interaction from one another. During my teaching moments with them, they were very naughty but some were behaved, both they see to it that they could answer my questions whenever I call them up to recite. At first I got disappointed and easily irritated especially when I cannot control the boys’ naughtiness. As my teaching progresses, I had already established a strong impact and trade mark on them. They usually call me by many nicknames such as Ma’am na rakista at astig magturo and sometimes Ma’am Smiling Face. In this section, my patience was really tested for so many times. I really got mad when they left out the room (not yet time) without even bidding goodbye to me. I thought that they boycott my class without any valid reasons. The next day, their class president approached me and asked for forgiveness. She explained to me that they thought that I dismissed them earlier because of my remarked “If all of you are too noisy and do not want to listen, you can go if you want, I am not forcing you to stay. “ It was a misunderstanding. This class was really unpredictable. I often smile and I didn't tell them that I'm getting mad with the misbehavior shown by other students who were insensitive to the events that were happening around them. Deep inside I really want to go out in times that I can’t control them but they could easily made me happy whenever they crack jokes, sings and dance in front of me. In teaching that kind of pupils the teacher must have a strong personality and unlimited patience or else you will be brought into the hospital. I know that I should prepare myself to face the challenges of teaching that there is worst thing to happen on the real world of teaching. So at least that kind of situation is not new to me. And I knew the things that I must do to manage and handle that kind of class.


(PROBLEMS MET) My classes usually range between 50 and 60 students. The problems that I face were of two types. There was not enough time for all of them to express themselves and students tend to take too much time to react to questions due to their lack of proficiency.

Teaching students with different levels of English was really hard. I do believe that speaking your mother tongue can be great at times, especially when the students were beginners but overusing it was what I concern. As in every class, there are always students whose English is, unfortunately, quite poor. And, on the other hand, there are always students (yet, a small number of those) who speak English fluently, or those who tend to speak it fluently. However, my job is to teach them all speak English well. Sometimes, I have problems with certain classes, because the "climate" (so to speak) in class is pretty alike, they all seem not to know even the basics. When this is the case, I cannot follow the curriculum, I have to speak only in “TagLish”, which was worst of all, because they'll never learn then, and they get used to speaking their mother tongue, and do not feel obliged ever to learn a bit of English. As for me, I also get a bit disappointed, because, to tell you the truth, teaching in the classroom was the only means for me to speak in English. I do not have the chance often. Here, I really trying over and over again to get them say general things in English, such as "May I go out?", "How do you spell this?"I tried to make them say something about themselves whenever I have to ask them, making sure they use new vocabulary properly. I also have problems on how to deal with trouble makers. But, although there have been some difficult situations I've encountered; I strived to come out of them stronger and with greater wisdom, if I may say. There have always been students who tend to be more aggressive, or agitate with their behavior, and therefore impose an uncomfortable atmosphere in the classroom, and thus unable others to comprehend the lesson, or me, as a lecturer, to teach the lesson properly. When this happens, I bear in mind one important thing, "that student is an individual, he/she is the only one who makes trouble, others are polite students, some of them being "naive" so they get influenced by the trouble-maker, and the rest of the class would, actually, like to learn something." So, how do I deal with the trouble-maker? I ask him politely, (and as sweetly as possible, a smile

disarms everyone), to stop. Usually, this helps, and they immediately stop. I never yell in the class, I try to keep my voice friendly and soft, and try to assure them I'm there only to help them. If the trouble-maker goes on, I ask him nicely to wait for me after the lesson finishes, and I talk to him. This always helps, because if you talk to him /her in front of others he/she will perhaps feel provoked, more agitated. By doing this you show him he's also a person, and you're only trying to be a friend. Of course, nothing is 100 % sure, but if this solves at least half of the problems I have encountered in teaching.

Republic of the Philippines Southern Luzon State University College of Teacher Education Lucban, Quezon


Name: ____________________ Yr./Sec.____________

Subject: ____________ Date: _____________

1. Observe the teacher. List down his/her personal qualities.

Kind-49 Cheerful-51 Laughing-12 Smiling-10 Good teaching skills-3 Smart-4 Clean-1 Tactful-3

Funny-11 Long curly hair-11 Tall-9 Fair complexion-2 Understanding-4 Honest-3 Shouting-3 Patient-2

Generous-2 Beautiful-20 Thin-1 Communicates well-7 Industrious-9 Respectful-2 Helpful-3 Do not know how to be angry-1

2. What are the traits that he/she needs to improve? Voice-45 Not to smile at all times-2 Be strict-7 Emotions-10 Explaining-4 Seriousness-40 Tactics of discipline-3 Communication-3



3. How was the discipline instilled to learners? Asking the students to keep quiet-27 Slight discipline-7 Drama-2 Smiling while Being angry-2 Shouts loud-30 Calling noisy students-9 Asking us to sit properly-1 Making herself happy even she’s angry-22 Talks to student-10 Doing her best for us-4 Reminding us to listen-11

touching her curly hairs-1 4. How he/she recognize individual difference or deal with students of various behaviors? She becomes close to students-3 Staring to everyone1 Teach well and carefully-2 Recognize students on recitation(she knows whose reciting or not)-24 Asks us in decision making-3 Speak nicely to good students and shout to noisy ones-2 Remember students who are quiet, noisy or smart-1 Being careful-2 Talk to us-10 Observing our attitude first17 Memorize all names of students-13 Treat students equally-1

5. In what ways did the teacher inspires the learner? I easily understand the lesson-2 Give meaningful message-6 How to respect teachers-3 She’s not boring so I’m always listening5 By being good in English-6 We learn many things-9 Be hopeful-1 Give meaningful message-6 Being a good person-3

Always laughing can cause students to be noisy-1 Teach students equally-3 Be happy even in bad situations-6 Never stop teaching us and Join us whether laughing or she always smiles so that we serious-2 were not afraid to recite-8 Teach clearly and not forcing Telling stories-4 us-4 She tries hard to teach even she’s tired-1

Vision I envision to be a responsible full-pledged teacher who will serve as an instrument in upbringing student’s intellectual, emotional, social, psychological and spiritual capabilities to their highest potential with the help of Almighty God.

Mission To achieve this vision, I aim to develop the following: • • • • Create a conducive classroom environment suited for learning and sharing cultures and beliefs. Strengthen the students’ sense of awareness on the events happening on their home, school,, neighbor and community. Give the students progressive and meaningful activities that will hone up their hidden skills and capabilities. To raise the quality of Filipino learners ad graduates who will become productive citizens.

Objectives • To prepare competitive high school students for higher education • To use innovative, interdisciplinary and interactive modes of instruction on teaching and learning whenever possible and appropriate • To increase time for task in order to gain mastery of oral and written competencies on English.


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College of Teacher Education Vision, Mission and Objectives Off campus pre-service teaching introduction Southern Luzon State University Mission, Vision, Core Values and Objectives Certificate of completion Contents Prayer for teachers My own Educational Philosophy Resume My own vision, mission and objectives Sample application letter Career plan Goals, vision, mission of Luis Palad National High School Brief description of the site of practice teaching History of Luis Palad National High School Case Study Introduction Background of the student Problem Treatment

• • • • •

• •

Conclusion Recommendation Reference

• • •

Narrative Report Evidences of Community Outreach Sample Lesson Plans Detailed Semi-Detailed Brief

Professional Readings Appendices Rating Sheets Mentor’s Feedback Students’ Feedback, Work and Evaluation Sample Test Papers Sample Quizzes

A Teacher’s Prayer I want to teach my students how-To live this life on earth, To face its struggles and its strife And to improve their worth.

Not just the lesson in a book,
Or how the rivers flow,

But to choose the proper path, Wherever they may go.

To understand eternal truth,
And know right from wrong, And gather all the beauty of A flower and a song,

For if I help the world to grow
In wisdom and grace, Then I feel that I have won And I have filled my place.

And so I ask your guidance, God
That I may do my part, For character and confidence And happiness of heart.

Woes of a Filipino Teacher Imagine yourself a Filipino teacher. Imagine yourself a teacher in a public school. Imagine yourself handling a class of 60 to 70 students. Imagine yourself handling two shifts of classes with 60 to 70 students. Yes, it is a nightmare. And yes it happens in real life within the public school system. It is a manifestation of the two most prevalent problems in the educational system: lack of classrooms and lack of teachers.

In fairness, most private school teachers, especially those in small private schools, will admit that public school mentors earn more than they do. But even with the relatively higher wages, it does not seem to compensate for the daily travails of public school teachers. The ideal ratio of teacher to student is 1:25. The less number of children handled by one mentor, the more attention can be given to each individual, especially if their learning competencies are not equal. With 25 students in a class, the teacher is likely to know each of her students, not only by face but by name and how they are actually performing in class. But with 60 children in a classroom, it is a miracle how teachers are able to stay sane every single day. They hardly know their pupils, save for the excellent ones or unfortunately, the notorious. She does not even bother to remember them. How can she? Classrooms are cramped, if there are any at all. Many classes are held in makeshift rooms meaning a multi-purpose covered court with partitions where 4 or 5 classes are merely separated by thin plywood walls. With 60 kids north, east, south and west, it's a wonder teachers can hear themselves over the din. And how do you tailor lessons with so many competencies to consider? Often, the result is children are left to cope on their own. If they get the lesson, well and good. Otherwise, they are lucky to pass at the end of the year. Yes, students are still divided into sections and they are grouped into the level of their academic skills. Which leaves those who are academically challenged lumped together and their teacher to stretch her skills, patience, resources and dedication to addressing the need of her students? Resources are another matter. Many public school classrooms are equipped with the most basic of equipment: a blackboard, chalk and eraser. Some are fortunate to have visual aids, either donated or purchased by the school. But many times, a teacher will not only have to be creative, but will dig into her own pocket to produce the kind of materials she needs and wants to teach class. It used to be that rolls of Manila paper were adequate to write down the lesson for the day. But

this can get to be very expensive, especially if the lessons are long. And with a class so huge, children are barely able to see small handwriting from the back, so you need to write bigger, and use more paper. Children always welcome additional and unique visual aids, and woe to the teacher who has to create them if she wants her subject or lesson to be more interesting. Which brings us to the budget for visual aids? It is non-existent, except if you choose to shell out on your own. Teachers still have to make ends meet. And often, their pay is simply not enough to cover their needs, as well as their families. The Department of Education just announced that so many millions of pesos have been released for the construction and repair of classrooms around the country. I believe this will only cover those included in a priority list. But there are many more schools which lack classrooms, and more communities that lack schools. When additional classrooms are built, will there be additional teachers? If new teachers will be hired, will there be a budget to support their wages? It's a never-ending cycle, because the government has yet to come up with a plan that will finally address these problems. In the meantime, Ma'm or Sir will have to suffer through their public school experience. SUMMARY: Educating students in a Philippine setting with meager resources and facilities is a very hard challenge that out teacher is facing nowadays. Students are of great number but teacher are very few and some of them are not that competent enough to teach or handle diverse kinds of students. One of the problems that teachers are experiencing is the growing scarcity of instructional materials, lack of classrooms and small amount of visual aids for a very long lesson. Government supports and programs are also lacking and inadequate budget for teachers’ salaries are also observed.

These problems are the common scenario in a public school setting. It is in contrary with those teaching in private schools. REFLECTION: I notice that this are somewhat true based on what I had observed and experience during my course of study. There are schools that lack classrooms especially those of the public ones. Some are co0nducting their discussion on the shade of a mango tree or in the stadium. Students often shared their textbooks and other materials among their classmates. There lore schools which does not have libraries and multi-media resources. Every classroom contains up to 80 students and being handled by a single teacher. I hope that this educational issue will be eradicated. the government must prioritize the education section because large portion of the country’s population is mostly of the youth. They must also have educational reforms and additional programs for the betterment of the Philippine educational system.

Attracting and Retaining Teachers in Rural Areas Author: Timothy Collins Date: December 1999 The Association of School Administrators (1999) has observed that the main problem of rural school districts is attracting and keeping quality teachers. The rural teacher shortage affects all subject areas but particularly math, science, and special education. This Digest examines the problem from a legislative and policy perspective. It suggests strategies to address the problem, noting sample programs from several states.

The rural teacher recruitment and retention problem varies across the United States. Some states have teacher surpluses; others have shortages. According to the National Association of State Boards of Education, an adequate number of teachers is trained each year The problem is with distribution. State legislatures deal with teacher recruitment and retention in various ways, depending on their circumstances To recruit rural teachers, administrators must target candidates with rural backgrounds or with personal characteristics or educational experiences that predispose them to live in rural areas. The emphasis on background and experience is crucial for racially or culturally distinct communities. Selling points in recruitment efforts are the benefits of teaching in rural schools, such as few discipline problems, less red tape, more personal contact, greater chance for leadership, small class size, individualized instruction, greater student and parent participation, and greater teacher impact on decision making. SUMMARY: Few provinces have developed specific programs to address the problems of rural teacher recruitment and retention. If the national teacher supply-and-demand problem is the result of distribution, not the number of teachers, states and rural school districts has an opportunity to put their best foot forward and attract quality teachers. The Education Commission of the States (1999) outlines a number of strategies for states: offer programs for high school and college students; recruit midcareer professionals from other fields; forgive scholarship and loan debts in exchange for teaching service; make a special effort to place teachers in low-performing schools suffering economic hardships; and create programs, positions, and agencies to promote recruitment. The degree to which a rural teacher becomes involved in community educational and cultural programs influence his or her decision to remain; therefore, retention requires a coordinated schoolcommunity effort. A school-community orientation can help new rural teachers overcome feelings of isolation, acquire a sense of community security, and develop professional competence. Some schools offer teachers scholarships, high-school-to-college programs, college courses, and incentive loans for teachers who serve in rural areas experiencing teacher shortages, scholarships for certified teachers seeking advanced training while working in a shortage area, and home loans or rental housing for teachers in shortage areas.

Most rural teachers were raised close to where they now teach. Various "grow-your-own" strategies offer incentives to local residents with potential to become teachers, such as assisting them in obtaining the needed education and training. The government has developed teacher supply-and-demand analyses to track teacher availability in subject areas and across communities. For example, Alaska's annual teacher supplyand-demand report notes the teacher shortage is worsened by the state's early-retirement incentive program; low salary levels that put the state in a poor competitive position; procedural difficulties with certification; and increased time needed to earn certification. REFLECTION: I believe that principals should select a new teacher's initial assignments carefully, set clear goals, welcome feedback, establish an encouraging and nonthreatening environment, and provide opportunities to interact with experienced colleagues and parents. Collegial mentoring--that is not a part of teacher evaluation--can be crucial. The school also can ease the way for new teachers by streamlining paperwork, providing a well-planned in-service program, and arranging release time for visiting other teachers' classrooms. The community should recognize new teachers' accomplishments and invite them to participate in various activities. Universities also can play an important role by offering cost-effective distance-learning courses to keep rural teachers up-to-date. I admire those teachers remain teaching in rural and remote areas. They are really strong and have the determination to serve those that are really in. It is a noble calling for them to extend their hand and to remove illiteracy in every way that they can. Regardless of policies, rural schools and their communities have many tools at their disposal for recruiting and retaining teachers. They can create local programs, possibly in cooperation with a nearby college or university, to attract local youth into teaching. Districts can develop orientation programs and mentoring, and support joint school-community efforts to help new teachers feel more at home. Most importantly, schools and communities should publicize the advantages of teaching in a rural community. New Teacher Mentoring: Hopes and Promise for Improving Teacher Effectiveness

By; Ellen Moir, Dara Barlin, Janet Gless, and Jan Miles Teacher quality is the single most important lever schools have for raising student achievement. A substantial body of research indicates that new teachers are less able than their more experienced colleagues to help students fulfill their academic potential. Yet in many school districts— particularly those in urban settings—as many as half of the teachers may have less than five years’ experience. In addition, the students who face the greatest challenges are most likely to be assigned novice teachers. By supporting new teachers, increasing their effectiveness, and reducing turnover, school districts can give the children most in need of high-quality teaching a real chance at success. They set forth the principles of high-quality instructional mentoring and describe the elements of a rigorous professional development program. Detailed case studies show how these principles can be applied at the district level and highlight the opportunities and challenges involved in implementing these programs in different contexts. The book makes a powerful case for using new teacher mentoring as an entry point for creating a strong professional culture with a shared, aligned understanding of high-quality teaching. SUMMARY: One of the biggest challenges facing educational leaders today is finding strategies to keep our best and brightest teachers in our nation’s classrooms. Mentoring new and veteran teachers is critical to meeting that challenge. New Teacher Mentoring: Hopes and Promise for Improving Teacher Effectiveness is a must read for educators who are serious about transforming Philippine classroom setting.

The only way to improve education is to allow a full flowering of every talented teacher with the advice and consent of every child's parents. Only in a free market of ideas will the whimsical elements of learning be transferred to scientifically sound teaching practices. Every day we delay

leaves millions of children in the backwaters of institutional servitude. As one of our lesser lights accidentally observed, "The waste is a terrible thing to mind". REFLECTION: It is necessary to improve the current educational system to meet people's needs in a fastchanging society. It is done through continuous efforts of the teacher and support from administrators. It is important to not only identify effective teaching, but provide teachers guidance and support to become more effective. Numerous states have developed definitions of effective teaching that incorporate essential knowledge, skills and classroom practices, and which do not rely exclusively on outcome-based measures such as student achievement. Effective teaching includes aspects of teacher leadership, the ability to embrace diversity and individual learning characteristics, and content knowledge. Planning instruction to meet the needs of all students, provide relevant instruction, make connection across content areas, develop effective communication, and foster critical thinking skills are measures of teacher effectiveness as well. To have effective reform strategy, it needs to recognize teacher development as a primary means to maximize classroom effectiveness. It should require states not merely to identify the best teachers, but see that their successes form the building blocks of a better understanding of effective teaching practice that can upgrade the education status of our country.

A teacher's personal philosophy of education is a critical element in his or her approach to guiding student along the path of enlightenment. And this is how I bring up my students– every day I use daily things around us to educate them to all sorts of different knowledge. I certainly do not believe in just sitting in a classroom – which is unnatural, unhealthy, and should be limited. It is obvious we did not evolve to learn by sitting in classrooms, in segregated age

groups - but to be active, out and about doing things, talking, watching and learning from other people and other objects around us. I also believe that: To educate the individual as a free individual – To understand and use critical thinking skills for determining what they have experienced and learned. To educate the individual as a part of society –that every learner has their own distinctive and important role in the environment they are into. I believe that education should be fun rather than forced – that force and punishment play no part in a good education. Thus I detest the attitude of punishing children for not doing their homework! I believe that lot of education problems could be solved by giving everyone 100 great books to read and discuss with their children. The fundamental principle of education is to understand learners, through this; we can identify student’s needs strengths and weaknesses in a simple and sensible way.

“A teacher affects eternity, nobody can tell when his influence stops.”

Republic of the Philippines Southern Luzon State University College of Teacher Education Lucban, Quezon


Prepared by: JENNIFER L. MAGBOO BSEd IV-A (English)

Second Semester S.Y. 2009-2010


Villa Salvamen Gibanga Sariaya, Quezon Contact No: 09106163447 Email Address: OBJECTIVE: To be employed in a productive institution where I could secure a work that would enhance my knowledge and abilities in the service of God, country and mankind.

TERTIARY: SOUTHERN LUZON STATE UNIVERSITY College of Teacher Education BSEd-English Major SY 2006-2010 SECONDARY: SARIAYA INSTITUTE Sariaya, Quezon SY 2002-2006 SI Meritorious Awarde PRIMARY: BALUBAL ELEMENTARY SCHOOL Sariaya, Quezon SY 1996-2002 Valedictorian

Member Member Language Society Pedantic Society

 Seminar on Family Planning and HIV Aids

GAB AVR ,SLSU Lucban, Quezon March 2007  Refined Structure Education Curriculum Seminar GAB AVR, SLSU Lucban, Quezon October 2007  Seminar on Concept-Based on Selected Secondary Subjects and Lesson Demonstration MHDP AVR SLSU Lucban, Quezon February 2008
 Turui, Sulati, Artehi (A Writing and Acting Workshop)

JR Building Hamlet Hall, SLSU Lucban, Quezon March 2008  Seminar on Campus Journalism GAB AVR, SLSU Lucban, Quezon October 2008

 Collaborative Learning GAB AVR, SLSU Lucban, Quezon November 2009  Integrative Teaching Strategies

SLSU Main Library Lucban, Quezon December 2009  National Competency-Based Teacher Standards SLSU Main Library Lucban, Quezon December 2009  Seminar Workshop in Understanding By Design (UbD) GAB AVR, SLSU Lucban, Quezon February 2010

 Matirang Matibay Quiz Bee Buwan ng Wika August 2006 Second Placer  Pinoy Henyo Quiz Show Education Days December 2006 Second Placer  Ist Science Wizard Society Quiz Show Science and Technology Week September 2007 First Placer  Pinoy Henyo Quiz Show

Education Days December 2007 First Placer  Dean’s Lister Ist- 2nd Semester SY 2006-2007  Dean’s Lister Ist Semester SY 2007-2008  Editorial Writing Seminar on Campus Journalism October 2008 10th Place  Copyreading and Headline Writing Seminar on Campus Journalism October 2008 10th Place  Dean’s Lister Second Semester SY 2008-2009

 Dean’s Lister Ist-2nd Semester SY 2009-2010

 Has a commendable oral and written communication competence and can speak in English and Filipino.  Experienced in developing and improving students’ social skills and successfully addressing behavioral problems.  Computer literate and can teach in other subjects.  Could train students in various academic quiz bees and competitions.

Age Gender Birth Date Birth Place Civil Status Religion Citizenship Height Weight Father’s Name Mother’s Name : : : : : : : : : : : 20 Female August 14, 1989 Sariaya, Quezon Single Roman Catholic Filipino 5’3” 100 lbs. Mario Magboo Mercedes Magboo

TERESITA V. DELA CRUZ, Ed. D Dean,College of Teacher Education

Southern Luzon State University

PROF.TERESITA R. SALVANERA BSEd Student Teacher Supervisor College of Teacher Education

PROF.MAGDALENA G. NADA BSEd Chairperson College of Teacher Education

I hereby certify that the above information is given in good faith, true and correct to the best of my knowledge and belief.

__________________________ MAGBOO, JENNIFER L.

TARGET GOAL To apply for a teaching position in a private secondary school OBJECTIVE /STRATEGIES To be hired in a secondary private school TIME FRAME April 2010

To review and to take the Licensure Examinations for Teachers

I will pass the licensure May 2010 examination by applying the theories and principles that I learned in my tertiary level. I will be competent and dedicated to my work. I will consider students’ individual differences in teaching. I will attend conferences and seminars that will enhance my knowledge and skills in teaching. I will support seminars and other activities that are concerned about teaching. I will teach in a tertiary level to broaden my horizon in different aspects of teaching in higher education. To take doctor’s degree in PNU and lead symposiums and seminars about modern trends in Teaching. June 2010-March 2013

To teach in a Private Secondary School

To teach in a Public Secondary School

June 2013-2016

To take up the Master’s Degree

June 2016-2018

To teach in a Tertiary Level

June 2018-2019

To take up Doctor’s Degree

June 2018-2020


A Brief Lesson Plan in English II Narrative Poetry Writing I.OBJECTIVES
• • • • •

Read and discuss the poem Recall and interpret facts and extend meanings Respond to critical opinion about the poem Analyze narrative poetry and the use of repetition and metaphor in a poem Discuss the following themes: courage and honor; leaders and followers

II.SUBJECT MATTER A. Topic- Narrative Poetry Writing B. Reference- Writing in English Made Easy B. Wu, Murry Bergtraum pp.304-309 C. Instructional Materials- Poem" The Charge of the Light Brigade" by Alfred, Lord Tennyson(1809-1892) Overview: This lesson is designed to help students understand the literary elements in a narrative poem and how to identify them. Through this lesson, students will be able to understand how to analyze a narrative poem, which is a very necessary skill in writing Regents Task III essays. They will also learn, through this lesson, how the stylistic techniques used in the poems help illustrate the theme. III. METHODOLOGY A. Routinary Activities 1.Classroom Management 2.Checking of Attendance 3.Collecting of Assignment B. Procedures and Activities: 1. Motivation: Writing before Reading Ask students to explain the purpose and style of fight songs and cheers at a sporting event. Point out that such chants are rhythmical, direct, emotional, repetitive, and chauvinistic in order to rouse the spirits of spectators and to elicit response from them. Explain the poem we are going to read is a kind of fight song about the Battle of Balaklava(1854), in which the British Light Cleverly Brigade charged enemy Russian troops.

2. Reading and response: o According to stanza 2, why do the men of Light Brigade charge when they know the order is a mistake? o According to stanza 5, what is the outcome of the battle? o In the last stanza, how does the poet urge us to regard the Light Brigade? o What effect does the repetition of words and lines have on the story of the battle? o List some of the verbs used in stanzas 1,3, and 5. What effect do these verbs have on the effect on the plot of the poem?

o o


What specific details suggest that very few members of the Light Brigade survived the famous charge? After reading a newspaper account of the battle, Tennyson composed the poem in just a few minutes, but the poem was an instant and lasting success. Soldiers considered the poem "a fine rolling war-chant". In what ways do you think the poem is a "war chant"? What do you think made the poem popular with soldiers? Literary elements: a) What is the meaning of the metaphor--"jaw of death" "mouth of hell" ? b) Why did the poet use "half the league" in the first stanza and " Rode the six hundred" in the first three stanzas repetitiously? C) What is the plot and setting? Who are the characters? What is the rising action and falling action? What is the climax and resolution of the story? What is the theme?

3. Reflecting on the poem: Do you agree that the light Brigade should be honored? Why or why not? Follow-up Activities: 1. Write a journal on " Are courage and devotion to duty necessary even if they lead to the end of life"? 2. Find a newspaper story that causes you to react strongly. Write a response to the article in poetry. IV. EVALUATION Open-book Test: Answer the following questions:
• • • • •

Why awes the brigade in the poem called " the Light Brigade"? The brigade may best be described as-In stanza 2, the soldier knows that some one has -What theme is implied in the title"The Charge of the Light Brigade" ? The repetition of words and lines stresses the brigade's a)action, weakness, fear, and defeat b)reaction, violence, marching, and surrender c) charge, cannon fire, bloodshed, and victory d) action, determination, losses, and honor

Class Notes: Narrative is the recounting of a succession of events. Many narratives are fictional, including epics and novels, but narrative can include nonfiction such as history and autobiography. Narratives needn't be in prose: epics, for instance, are narrative verse. Narratives are not always told in sequence. Many stories start in medias res and jump about chronologically. (In medias res is Latin for "in the middle of things." It usually describes a narrative that begins, not at the beginning of a story, but somewhere in the middle -- usually at some crucial point in the action.)

V. ASSIGNMENT Analyze the poem Annabel Lee by Edgar Allan Poe. Annabel Lee It was many and many a year ago, In a kingdom by the sea, That a maiden there lived whom you may know By the name of ANNABEL LEE; And this maiden she lived with no other thought Than to love and be loved by me. I was a child and she was a child, In this kingdom by the sea; But we loved with a love that was more than loveI and my Annabel Lee; With a love that the winged seraphs of heaven Coveted her and me. And this was the reason that, long ago, In this kingdom by the sea, A wind blew out of a cloud, chilling My beautiful Annabel Lee; So that her highborn kinsman came And bore her away from me, To shut her up in a sepulchre In this kingdom by the sea. The angels, not half so happy in heaven, Went envying her and meYes!- that was the reason (as all men know, In this kingdom by the sea) That the wind came out of the cloud by night, Chilling and killing my Annabel Lee. But our love it was stronger by far than the love Of those who were older than weOf many far wiser than weAnd neither the angels in heaven above, Nor the demons down under the sea, Can ever dissever my soul from the soul Of the beautiful Annabel Lee. For the moon never beams without bringing me dreams Of the beautiful Annabel Lee; And the stars never rise but I feel the bright eyes Of the beautiful Annabel Lee; And so, all the night-tide, I lie down by the side Of my darling- my darling- my life and my bride, In the sepulchre there by the sea, In her tomb by the sounding sea. 2 9 `Forward the Light Brigade!' 10 Was there a man dismay'd? 11 Not tho' the soldier knew 12 Some one had blunder'd: 13 Theirs not to make reply, 14 Theirs not to reason why, 15 Theirs but to do & die, 16 Into the valley of Death 17 Rode the six hundred.

Alfred, Lord Tennyson The Charge of the Light Brigade 1 Half a league half a league 2 Half a league onward 3 All in the valley of Death 4 Rode the six hundred: 5 `Forward the Light Brigade 6 Charge for the guns' he said 7 Into the valley of Death 8 Rode the six hundred

3 18 Cannon to right of them, 19 Cannon to left of them, 20 Cannon in front of them 21 Volley'd & thunder'd; 22 Storm'd at with shot & shell, 23 Boldly they rode & well, 24 Into the jaws of Death, 25 Into the mouth of Hell 26 Rode the six hundred. 4 27 Flash'd all their sabres bare, 28 Flash'd as they turn'd in air, 29 Sabring the gunners there, 30 Charging an army while 31 All the world wonder'd: 32 Plunged in the battery-smoke 33 Right thro' the line they broke; 34 Cossack & Russian 35 Reel'd from the sabre-stroke, 36 Shatter'd & sunder'd.

37 Then they rode back, but not 38 Not the six hundred. 5 39 Cannon to right of them, 40 Cannon to left of them, 41 Cannon behind them 42 Volley'd & thunder'd; 43 Storm'd at with shot & shell, 44 While horse & hero fell, 45 They that had fought so well 46 Came thro' the jaws of Death 47 Back from the mouth of Hell, 48 All that was left of them 49 Left of six hundred. 6 50 When can their glory fade? 51 O the wild charge they made! 52 All the world wonder'd. 53 Honour the charge they made! 54 Honour the Light Brigade, 55 Noble six hundred!

A Detailed Lesson Plan in English II (The Gold Harvest) I. Objectives At the end of the lesson, the students are expected to: A. Summarize the story using concepts mapping. B. Define unfamiliar words for better understanding of the story. C. Demonstrate the value of optimism and industry through sole play. II. Subject Matter A. Topic

The Gold Harvest (A Thai Folktale) B. Reference English Expressways II Bermudez, Virginnia et., Al pp. 144 – 149 C. Instructional Materials Brown Paper Technique Pictures and Asian Map Board and Chalk D. Methodology Teacher’s Activities A. Routinary Activities 1. Classroom Management 2. Checking of Attendance 3. Checking of Assignment

B. Motivation (The teacher post pictures of objects, landmarks, etc. that are often associated with Thailand.) (The teacher gives additional background information about Thailand). Thailand is a country found in Southeast Asia, bordering Laos, and Cambodia as well as Myanmar, and Malaysia. It’s capital is Bangkok. Thailand is also known as “Siam”. The word “Thai” means “freedom”in the Thai language and also the name of the majority Thai ethnic group. Thailand is one of the fast-growing and developing countries in Asia. The country’s development is distributed on the people’s way of living and aspirations. For this morning, you will be acquainted with an inspiring story about a man who dreamed of changing copper into gold. Find out what made him succeed to reach his goal.

A. Unlocking of Difficulties Directions: on the blank provided before each number, place the appropriate meaning of the underlined words in each sentences. Look for the underlined words in each sentence. Look for the missing words below. Use the given words in a meaningful sentences. ________________1. The auspicious hour for planting bananas was the tenth day of the fourth lunar month. ________________2. The enjoy the meal because the rice was fluffy and fresh from the pot. ________________3. The fuzz from banana leaves can be woven into malts and bags. ________________4. The gleaming stars guided Nene on her way home. ________________5. The children considered the plantation as an heirloom. ________________6. Myriads at shiny leaves sprouted because of her green thumb. ________________7. The scent of incense gives the visitors of a peaceful ambiance. I A D O H U Z I N S M E L L V F H P B F Y U Q A E A F I B E R V R R G C L W X O I K H U P E O R T L I G H T E A A I K T A C F B N N O J B E G L

Sparkling Smell B. Lesson Proper

plenty light

inheritance favorable


Folktales are traditionally tales common to the members of a tribe, race or nation that are easily passed from language to language and spread all over the world. It usually explains natural phenomena or suggest religious or morale truth.

Some of the story “The Gold Harvest” is a folktale, does it have a known authorshiGive the setting of the story. Who is the ain character in the story? What was the Nai Han Rong’s idea of becoming rich? Does Wai Hash Ong’s wige agree with his idea? What does she believed instead? The wife listened patiently to her husband and let him do with his experiments. When all their resources had been used she decided that something would have to be done about her husband is great expectation. Give the experiments performed by Nah Hai Tong in his aim of turning copper into gold. Did Tong succeed with all his experiment? What did his wife ask him to do? Where did Nah Hai Tong sit to have self-esteem and respect? The servant places a large tray of bowls. What do the bowls contain? Define what a namprick is? Enumerate some of the customs of ancient Thai’s when eating. Describe Wai Han Tong after meal. State his father-in –law’s intent of inviting Tong to come over to dine with him. Wah Hai Tong was really amazed for what he had heard. He listened to his father-in-law carefully. He listened to were the things that the old man cannot perform and Tong had volunteered to do for him? Wai Hah Tong bowed low to his father-in-law. What values were shown here? Why did Wai Han Tong go to the village Wai (temple) before preparing the fields? As he waited for the priest what did he heard as a rare sign of good fortune? With the painting of each banana tree, he uttered special secret words given to him by his father-in-law. How did Wai Han Tong react upon hearing the truth?

How did his wife react in response? What did Wai Han Tong say about a master magician? What did Wai Tong do to the meaningless piles of banana fuzz? What would be the purpose of the statue?

E. Valuing Who was the character you admired in the story? State your reason why you admire or her. Give instances in your life when you demonstrate optimism and work hard to make it come true? Give instances in your life when you demonstrate optimism and work hard to make it come true? V. Assignment Motive Question: Are you artistic enough? Reveal your creative side. Recall some traditions and beliefs of Thai people. Choose one and make a comic strip for it. Present your work on a short bond paper. A Detailed Lesson Plan in English III The Discontented Stone Breakers) I. OBJECTIVES At the end of the lesson, students are expected to: A. Summarize the flow of the story. B. Share ideas regarding the story. C. Reflect on the valves derived from the story. II. SUBJECT – MATTER A. Topic The Discontented Stone Breaker B. Reference Communicate in English II pp. 250 - 252 C. Instructional Materials Brown paper technique Board and chalk

III. METHODOLOGY A. Routinary Activities 1. Classroom Management 2. Checking of Attendance 3. Collecting of Assignment B. Motivation The teacher plays the trailer and the soundtrack of the animated film “Aladdin”.

If you were Aladdin having a magical lamp who can ask for wishes what would you feel? I will feel happy and I will wish for the things that I really wanted to have. This day you will be acquainted with a man who wishes for all the things that can make him happy but still he was discontented. Find out what will make him contented I the end. . C.Unlocking of Difficulties Students are organized in groups of three. 5-7 new words will have been placed on the word wall. Students will be provided with the K-W-L handout as they walk into class. They are to immediately, with their groups, complete the handout using each word for the handout. After approximately 5 minutes the teacher calls the class back together to discuss the words, specifically what they know already, what they want to know and what they have learned that relates to each of the words given. This serves as a great springboard into discussion around the topic that will be the focus of the daily lesson. Word What I Know What I Want to Know What I’ve Learned


A kind of huge animalWhat are I the movie Ice Age meanings mammoth?

otherMammoth means huge, ofgigantic or enormous in size.






D .Lesson Proper

What was the man’s occupation? Stone breaker State the main reason why he was disconnected to Break stones out of the mountainside The toll was excessive and the reward was tiny

Kindly give his first wish. To become rich enough to lie prone on a sort baleh0baleh with lovely curtains of red silk. Name the creatures who granted his wishes. The good and mighty spirits that dwelt in the upper realm. Predict why the mighty spirits granted the Stone breaker’s wishes They were touched by the man’s sorrow when they saw him weeping and groaning over his heavy labors. Of all his wishes, why do you think he was still disconnected? He wanted to become the greatest of all. Why did he wish to become the sun? king. from the According to the man, what was mightier than the sun? The sun was the greatest than the The king could not be saved Torment of the heat.

The cloud Why did he wish to become a rock. The rock was strong that the rain clouds couldn’t wash it away.

In paragraph 21, what words suggest the man’s occupation? A stone breaker How can you infer that the man was a stone breaker? He appeared with a heavy hammer and steel stone chisel. Is there greater than a rock? A man. Compare the stone breaker described in paragraph 1 and the stone breaker described in the last paragraph. How are they alike? How are they different?

They are the same man, the stone breaker, they are different because the man in the first paragraph was disconnected while the man on the second paragraph was contented. E.Valuing If you were given a chance to have a wish , what do you want to have or to become? (Student’s answers vary).

What do you think can make a person complete or contented? (Student’s answers vary.) IV.EVALUATION With the use of a web, compare and contrast the characteristics of the discontented ad the contented man.


With the use of a coloring material of your choice, you are going to create a comic a comic strip out of the story “The Discontented Stone Breaker”. The main purpose is to reveal your creative side through drawings. Rubric for the Comic Strip A.Content (50%) 1.Competeness of Entry 2.Readability of Entry 3.Neatness B.Creativity(30%) C.Mechanics (20%)

1.Correctness of Form (Tense and Pluralization) 2.Correctness in Spellig,Punctuation and Capitalization.

A Detailed Lesson Plan in English III Informal Theme Writing Love and Time I. OBJECTIVES A. Use verbs correctly. B. Express ideas through writing II. SUBJECT MATTER A. Topic B. Materials III. METHODOLOGY A. Routinary Actvities 1. Classroom Management 2. Checking of Attendance B. Purposing Love and time (Writing Activity) Pen and paper Technique

The teacher orients the student about an informal theme entitled “ Love and Time”. The main purpose of course, is to train you to become familiar on the use of verbs. Another aim is to enable you to express your ideas and concepts regarding the topics and to write an informal essay or theme following the rules of grammar as well as punctuation and capitalization. C. Planning The teacher gives a short recall on how to write an informal essay or theme. When we say informal, it may deal with any subject, even the common place and ordinary things. This deals with light subjects. Its language is familiar and the tone is conversational. It commonly shares the opinion, an insight, an experience or an observation. D. Executing The students write the informal theme in the best way they can. Given enough time, the students submit their work to the teacher foe evaluation. E. Evaluating The teacher gives her evaluation on the informal theme written her students. The teacher also gives her evaluative comments and suggestions for the improvement of the student’s work. As a part of the evaluation process, the teacher may give a mark or grade to each work. Rubric for Informal Theme Writing Criteria A. Organization (20%) 1. Application of Ideas 2. Unity, coherence and Parallelism B. Content (35%) 1. Completeness of Entry 2. Readability of Entry 3. Neatness C. Mechanics (45%) 1. Correctness of Form (tense and pluralization) 2. Correctness in spelling, Capitalization and Punctuation.


I.Introduction Behavioral disorders become apparent when the student displays a repetitive and impact persistent pattern of behavior that results in the significant disruption in other students. Such disturbances may cause significant impairments in academic, social, and or occupational functioning. Such a behavior pattern is consistent throughout the individuals life

People learn through observing others’ behavior, attitudes, and outcomes of those behaviors. “Most human behavior is learned observationally through modeling: from observing others, one forms an idea of how new behaviors are performed, and on later occasions this coded information serves as a guide for action.” (Bandura). Social learning theory explains human behavior in terms of continuous reciprocal interaction between cognitive, behavioral, and environmental influences.

Skinner's theories have been implemented in school systems in a variety of ways. Teachers and parents alike rewarded students for good behavior long before Skinner's theories were developed. However, many behavior management systems used in today's schools are directly influenced by his work. Skinner advocated for immediate praise, feedback, and/or reward when seeking to change troublesome or encourage correct behavior in the classroom. Teachers seeking to implement a reinforcement system in their classroom should use strategies such as a "token economy" to reward students immediately for behaviors that they are reinforcing. Skinner also advocated for teacher identification of and reflection on the environmental effects on student behavior. Formalized strategies that focus on the identification of "triggers" of student behavior are influenced by Skinner's work.

II. Background of the Student The Student I choose caught my attention on my first week of teaching. On the first look it was not different from the common crowd of students. I had met but as I observed his behaviors I could say it was really unusual one. I will just label him as “Dazo”. He was a 14 year old little boy with a dark complexions, dried lips and sometimes reddish to yellowish. His physique was really small, that was why it’s hard to believe that he was already a sophomore. His classmates often describe him as “the dog boy”, for he had a resemblance synonymous to a dog. He loves biting object near to him. Aside from that, he loves roaming around the room as he makes unnecessary noise.

He belongs to a poor family according to his classmates’ accounts. His shabby clothes and worn-out things served as proves that they were rights. Dazo’s father was a vulcanizer and his mother was a jueteng collector. He was the 4th son among the eight children. His two older sisters got married at an early age, three of them were on highshool, two of his siblings were on the Elementary, and the youngest was only a seven month old baby. Only a few things have known about his family background because he refrains from telling something about them. And beside he doesn’t have friends in the class. Regarding his intellectual aspects his report card tells that he was one of the slow learners and he has the lowest grade among them. All of his subjects are almost failing. Even his attendance was terribly affected; he has absences at least once a week and usually attends class late at least twice a week. He was one of the students who cannot wait any longer for the opening of the gate every 3:00 pm and prefers to jump off the back fence so he can do whatever he wanted. It seems that he really not wanted schooling. Regarding his social aspects since he belonged to the fifth section, he cannot find the enjoyment of making friends with their academically inclined classmates. He was not that cooperative to them in various school activities. He seeks companionship to those students of the lower section. I often see him with the other groups with the same interests and way of thinking as his. There were some hearsays about his personality. His classmates accused him of using drugs. His other classmates had confessed that they took drugs together with Dazo. They smoked gamble and drink after classes. They were sometimes involved in community vandalism and common trippings. There’s one I warned them and told them to delete all those files or else I would subject them to referral or the guidance. III. Problems of the Student A – Describing the Problem (Examples and Patterns) I first noticed Dazo’s when I thought the first lesson at the fifth section of the second year English class. I had spent a lot of times on observing the students, including their interactions and

behaviors. Dazo had stood out to me almost from the beginning with his obvious problems of attention seeking behavior. He created unnecessary noise in many ways. He loved singing the famous Manny Villar jingle the “Tunay na Mahirap” and whenever I ask him to sing in front of the class, he refrained from doing it’s and asked permission to go to the comfort room. He always have his back pack with him even inside the room, he enjoyed roaming around the room that’s why his classmates were irritated with him. They really protested of ejecting him inside the room. I was having the student to work together in groups for a short dramatization of the story I had just given. Dazo was ignoring his group mates, who seemed to rather work alone without him anyway. He continued his attention seeking behavior by disturbing the other group rehearsals. The activity turned to be a complete disaster because his classmates kept on complaining about Dazo’s annoyance. I warned the class to work silently or else I would be giving deductions for those groups who had a noisy members. All of the students seemed quiet except for one it was Dazo. In fear of deductions, his group mates try to pacify him. He listened to them and they continued working with their dramatization. I always walked by to ask if was doing okay. I told his group mates to let Dazo share his ideas and to have the lead role. Dazo realize it wasn’t difficult to cooperate and seemed to be enjoying the appreciations given by his group mates as well as me. He was soon helping the other group and his entire mood seemed to have change from the beginning of an hour. Next I went in front of the classroom to discuss the criteria/rubrics for judging their presentation. I also asked the students who among them would volunteer to start the dramatization. Dazo was actually jumping out of his seat, shaking his arm on the air and begging for their group to be called on. He was confident with their presentations and he seemed to have found a new kind of attention getting behavior that he enjoyed. I was just happy to have him participating. I thought that dramatization was the beginning of his cooperation/interaction with his classmates. But the next day it seemed that he have returned into his previous behavior. He always distracts my discussion and seemed enjoying the attention I gave him whenever I call his name to keep quite to listen and to be seated. I often asked his classmates if he also behave that way in other subject. They told me that he was also noisy and inattentive in other subjects. One day, he told me that he named to go out their room for he would buy paper at the canteen. I let him but he

never returned. The next day I talked to him personally to ask what the matter was. He only remained silent and tells me not to mind him. I have talked with his adviser about Dazo’s behavior problems and she also believed that she was attention seeking for many reasons. Dazo’s family life has been troubled and inconsistent with many siblings and not a lot of attention for his alone at home. His issues with lack of attention have caused many problems at school including physical fights with other students and many verbal confrontations with students and teachers. Due to all of this he has missed a lot of time in the classroom dealing with his behavioral problems. Mrs.RRS said that although Dazo was EI (emotionally impaired) his biggest problems in the classroom were not due to academic problems but rather due to the big holes in his education because of lessons missed. In my last day of teaching I asked them to make a letter giving their feedbacks regarding my teaching. I ask Dazo if he has any letter for me and I’m glad to know that he has the whole class presented an intermission number. For me as they gave their letters personally. One of the students volunteered to read each letter in front of the class. When it was Dazo’s letter to be read he immediately grab it from his classmate and crumpled it. I tried to get out the mysterious letter but he immediately thrown it outside the room. The class reacted violently against him and felt ashamed for his rudeness. I walked out of the room the student taught that I got really mad to look for Dazo’s letter. I am glad that I have found it with the help of the student outside. Soon I entered the room but I never told them that I have found Dazo’s letter. I read it secretly and was touched with its content. Dazo was asking for forgiveness for all the problems that he had given and promising most solemnly that he would be good student. He was also thankful for all the encouragements and support I have given to him in times that his environment was pulling him down. That was the happiest day of my teaching at Luis Palad.

B. Reasons for the Problems Based on my own view he was really a good boy who wanted to be a good student and person. He was just driven by the situation triggering his behavior. I know he listen to my advices.

One time I told him to read the informal theme he had written. At first he was really hesitant to recite. I could feel he was a bit embarrassed, somehow uncomfortable of seeing him by his classmates doing good things. I advice him to prove to his classmates that he can be a good student and he was not only up to making noise he did and his classmates commended on his accomplishments. He only turned to be an attention-seeker because he believed that his behavior allows him to escape from frustrating situations. IV. Treatment Unfortunately, since I think that Dazo’s problems are mostly the result of problems at home there isn’t much that the school can do about that. He should be involved with the people around him and was required to have daily conversation with his parents who would provide him the chance to talk about any issues school or home related that are bothering him. However, there are ways that Dazo could be helped with his academic problems which are largely in part to his self-esteem. I think that he would benefit greatly from a personal tutoring from a friend or even a high school student looking to help out. The most important part of this tutoring would be the one-on-one that Dazo needs to get his interested in learning something. I remember that he responded so well when I worked with him one day and was so excited to share his answers with the class, I’m sure that would happen again if provided the opportunity. This attention that he craves may trigger a desire to learn which in turn would help him with his self esteem problems and his avoidance of failure. Albert suggests in ‘Cooperative Discipline’ two general principles of prevention to apply toward attention seeking students. The first principle is to ‘catch them being good’ by giving an increased amount of attention for any sort of positive behavior they engage in. The second principle that he suggests is to teach them to ask for attention. One suggestion in the book was to do this by giving the attention seeking students cards that say “Notice Me, Please.” This seems like an extreme idea but these are the kind of students that have no problem making themselves stand out from the rest of the class. This way they are receiving the attention they crave but also asking for the help they need. Students feel good about themselves—and about their ability to succeed in school—when they believe they’re capable learners who can connect in positive ways with classmates and teachers. They’ll also feel good about themselves when they find ways to

contribute to the class and to the school. Keep in mind that encouragement strategies not only prevent misbehaviour but are being used successfully as violence and gang prevention measures.

IV. Conclusion 1. Unusual family structure, such as broken family and poverty, has damaging effects on an individual’s socialization. 2. Teachers, classmates, and peers could create an impact either positive or negative, and could play a definite role in the socialization of an individual. 3. The mass media of television, film and comics provide an individual a great variety of models or influences capable of being imitated. V. Recommendation 1. Continuous or frequent exposure to certain exemplary models, and positive reinforcements can strengthen socially approved behaviors. 2. Keeping attention-seekers students busy in recitations and other classrooms activities could minimize undesirable behavior without depriving his rights.

3. Expose students to socialization among others.

References Chomsky, N. (1967). A review of B. F. Skinner's Verbal Behavior. Retrieved November 4, 2007, Web site: Ervin, R. A., Ehrhardt, K. E., & Poling, A. (2001). Functional Assessment: Old wine in new bottles. School Psychology Review. 30, 173-179.

Kohn, A. (1993). Punished by rewards: The trouble with gold stars, incentive plans, A's, praise, and other bribes. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin. Premack, D. (1965). Reinforcement theory. In D. Levine (ed.), Nebraska symposium on motivation. (Vol. 13). Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. Rand, A. (1998). Philosophy: Who needs it?. Indianapolis, IN: Bobbs Merrill. Timberlake, W., & Allison, J. (1974). Response to deprivation: An empirical approach to instrumental performance. Psychological Review, 81, 146-164. Ulman, J. D. (1998). Applying behavioral principles in the classroom: Creating Responsive Learning Environments. The Teacher Educator. 34, 144-156. Retrieved from " Skinner" Category: Classroom Management Theorist and Theories

Republic of the Philippines Luis Palad National High School Tayabas City MISSION

The Luis Palad National High School envisions a dynamic proactive community imbued with strong moral, spiritual values fully equipped and globally competitive as lifelong learners.

VISION The Luis Palad National High School is continuously serving as a friendly, caring-learning school community in unity and excellence

SCHOOL PHILOSOPHY AND BELIEF SYSTEM We believe that: 1. Genuine learning takes place in an environment in which each individual can discover and develop his/her own interest and skills; and where everyone is enabled to develop/gain selfawareness, self-esteem and feelings of worth; 2. While all the subjects are equally important for the total development of the learner, priority must be given to the basic skills, namely: mathematics, language, communication and motor skills which are the foundations for learning other subjects and which make him/her a lifelong learner.

3. Education in a wider sense and especially as it related to attitudes and values, is not only a school matter, for significant roles are played by the family, the peer group, the media, the church, and the other groups in the community. In this aspect of the learner’s development the school takes the role of a learning center where opportunities and resources are provided so that through the skillful guidance of the teacher and planned interaction with peers, the learner assisted to process hi/her total experiences to facilitate his/her growth and total development in the context of local, national and global situations.

4. There are absolute moral standards that clearly define the norms of human behavior and from which we draw moral truth, rational certitude and a strong foundation upon which to build character.

Luis Palad National High School is located at Barangay Ipilan, Tayabas City. The entire campus was very huge in land area. It was near the Ipilan Alitao Elementary School and walking distance from the public market. The buildings and classrooms were very numerous. You will really get lost inside the campus when you are not familiar on the place.

The school was divided into departments namely Science, Math, Filipino, TLE, English, MAPEH and Social Studies. Each department has their own designated faculty rooms and buildings. There was the main canteen and some small canteens scattered around the campus. The field was very wide suited to all sports events and school celebrations. The grandstand will give you a good view of the field where you can relax and forget the tiring day.

Luis Palad National High School has also botanical gardens at the back of the Social Studies and Filipino Department. The campus is surrounded by tall trees that give shade against the suns rays. Almost all of buildings are newly – constructed and the old buildings are newly relocated. There were also lots of building for various purposes corn, SSG, Gymnasium and others.

The school personnel were very accommodating and the security guard and students were very polite and friendly. They have three gates but they only use two of them. Another amazing thing in that school was their various bell guides (Bell Guide A, B and C) bell guides determine the schedule of classes. Bell Guide A means that it was a regular schedule, one hour each subject. Bell Guide B seldom happens. I think it signifies a half day class. Bell Guide A means that each subject duration is forty five minutes or the class is cut at 3:00 P.M.

Luis Palad National High School was established as Luis Palad High School in 1931 by virtue of Act No. 3757 of the Philippine legislature enacted on November 26, 1930 and was initially funded out of the proceeds of a 20 hectare coconut land located in Barangay Talao-talao

(formerly Colong-colong). The land was donated by a former school teacher and a resident of Tayabas, Quezon named Luis Palad. On January 25, 1892, four years before his death on December 3, 1896 the donor executed a will donating this land to the government and thereby creating a “Trust for the benefit of a secondary school to be established to the town of Tayabas . . .“ Implementing the trust thus created, the Philippine Legislature at that time passed Act No. 3232 on November 27, 1925 establishing a rural agricultural high school in Tayabas. This was later amended by Act No. 3462 on December 7, 1928 creating a board for the purpose of disbursing the funds from the Luis Palad Estate. Before the proposed agricultural high school was established, Act No. 3757 was passed on November 26, 1930 amending the two previous acts converting the proposed rural high school into a general high school to be known as Luis Palad High School . The amending act, according to the provincial Board of Quezon in 1958 abolished the board created by Act 3462 and restored to the Provincial Governor of Quezon the sole trusteeship of the Luis Palad Estate. The school was later classified as Provincial High School like all high schools in Quezon Province funded from Provincial funds, and was renamed Luis Palad High School . Since the operation of the school however, the proceeds from the Estate accrued to the general fund of the province which is not consistent to the general fund of the trust. It was only in 1975 when this was corrected at the instance of the school’s Administration, Faculty, and Employee’s club, and the P.T.A. A Luis Palad Estate Trust Fund was subsequently created where proceeds from the estate accrue, the fund was, since then, spent solely for the benefit of the Luis Palad Provincial High School . On April 14, 1893, the Interim Batasang Pambansa enacted BP Plg. 562 converting the school into a national high school to be known as Luis Palad National High School . This law was subsequently signed by the former President Marcos on June 24, 1983, and was implemented on January 1, 1984 with the initial funding of P 1, 167, 790.00 for the whole calendar year. This is cone through the effort of the former Assemblyman Dr. Cesar A. Villariba. At the start of the operation in 1931, classes are held at the Casa Communidad 500 meters away from the present location. The first building was a 4-room Gabaldon type. In 1947 a Home

Economics building was constructed followed by a shop building in 1953. The first additional classroom was constructed in 1955. After 65 years the number of classroom increased from 4 to 62 but the increase cannot cope with the ever increasing student population. Moreover, some existing classrooms badly need repairs. The campus is not even enclosed with the concrete fence. It was only in 1975 when the fencing project started. At present the school was composed of 150 teachers and employees which administered by Dr. Ermelo I. Zalameda, the principal.

Last February 01-05, 2010 Luis Palad National High School celebrated its high school week. Here students are free to enjoy and show their talents and abilities in various competitions. Each department has prepared their own yells to showcase their prepared presentations. The first

day started with a parade followed by a mass. The succeeding days were scheduled for various contests. The students enjoyed the Bingo Social hosted by the Math Department. The awards boys (Sir Subeldia, Sir Sagocio and Sir Merano) hosted the event. The prestigious Mr. and Ms. Paladian was also conducted. Everyone was amaze with the gorgeous and witty contestants this year there’s also a contest called Talentadong Paladian where students belonging to their chose department will show their hidden talents in dancing, singing, acting etc. Another community event joined by some of my students was the Tai Ching Festival during the town’s celebration of the Chinese New Year. Some of my students specially the Rondalla joined the street dancing parade. Colorful costumes and marching bands were pronounced on the different streets of Tayabas City Proper.

Name: Mrs. Vilma T. Fidelino Subject: English II

Strength • • • The teacher showed creativity in •

Weaknesses Observe time management in every discussion Be more strategic in imposing discipline among naughty students Refrain from smiling when talking to students serious matters (Sermons) • Sometimes, instead if pacifying noisy students the teacher provokes them to further enjoyment. • • Sometimes you need to impose authority because you’re a teacher Avoid too much roaming around the room while discussion The teacher should handle activity such as presentations in a smooth manner. Control movements. student’s unnecessary

preparing the materials The teacher memorized the names of • very students. Often gives incidental teaching and • entertains student’s questions on parts not cleared to them. • Handles students disciplinary problems with a smile and tries to understand each student’s needs • • The teacher makes sure that everyone is being called in the discussion Good in classroom management, she makes sure that the room is clean • especially the board and the hallway before leaving • Appreciate student’s answers whether wrong or not. Handles students answers tactfully • The teacher was able to adjust her art of questioning for various students from Section 1 to Section 5.



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