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J. Bana - National operator experience and role

J. Bana - National operator experience and role

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(Keynote) J. Bana, Paks Nuclear Power Plant, National operator experience and role
in communicating the Paks Unit 2 NPP accident (Hungary)
(Keynote) J. Bana, Paks Nuclear Power Plant, National operator experience and role
in communicating the Paks Unit 2 NPP accident (Hungary)

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Published by: IAEAInformation on Jun 20, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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National operator experience and role in communicating the Paks Unit 2 NPP accident

Presented by Janos Bana Vienna, June 19, 2012



» Short description of accident » Emergency communication system

» Communication in the first time period after the accident
» Communication in time of preparation for the recovery and licensing » Communication at recovery action



2003. April 10. Fuel cleaning incident occurred during a scheduled maintenance shutdown for Unit 2: » at 21:53 krypton radiation activity was detected » at the same time the „emergency” level was reached by the noble gas activity monitors within the reactor hall » the plant shift supervisor ordered an evacuation of the area » initially Framatom and Paks NPP personnel suspected that a fuel assembly (only one) was leaking » however, it was observed by video cameras several days later, that most of the fuel had suffered heavy damage » INES classification is 3 - incident



Events during the accident

Radioactive noble gas release, MBq/10 min

Cleaning finished 16:00 Cooling pump started 16:40 Cleaning circuit emptying 16:56 Decay pool level increased 19:20 KR-85 aktivity increase in cleaning systems 21:50

Lift of lead failed 04:20 Around the decay pool 12 mSv/h 02:45 A fedél zár kinyitva, nagy buborék ki 02:15 Stack ventilators started 23:45 Shift supervisor ordered of evacuate of reactor hall 23:30



Governmental public communication group

» different communication levels and responsibility » communication action plans » international communication » exchange of information » trainings, drills, exercises » obligation to provide information » authentic and understandable information » regular information

Information centre

Communication group
Analytic group Documentation group Public group

Sector public communication groups

County public communication group

Facility public communication group


1. Communication after the accident which time period was from immediate actions till stabilizing the event(few months).

2. Communication in time of preparation for the recovery and licensing (2003-2006 September).
3. Communication at recovery action (3 months).



Early press release after the accident - the most important information (technical situation, radioactive releases, iodine prophylaxis, etc.)
Informed mayors around the NPP by SMS system. Regularly informed media about mitigation and stabilisation actions. Specific information material about accident, response actions and a further summary report after the official (national and IAEA) investigation report. Press briefings in the reactor hall.



First plan was a short period for recovery actions (1 year), really it was 3 years. Weekly press conference about the implemented and planned tasks (information overflow). Experts in group, who held presentations about accident and recovery (uniform accepted presentation) around NPP settlements and educational institutions. Media interest declined. Wide range of communication tools (press release, website, publications, etc.).



Removal of damaged fuel elements was a relatively short period. Within this period NPP managed intensive information release, organized with regularly press conferences. The NPP took a closing press conference with detailed information after the successful removal of damaged fuel elements. Experts made a lots of popular science publication about new technological developments, what used in recovery.



Very important the fast and authentic information release in case of emergency. Very important that the publication should be clear but detailed. Very important the change information between different communication level, thus ensuring coherent information everywhere. Need to give advice to public about necessary protective actions. Need to use all type of communication lines. We must have a good and usable emergency communication plan. The plan is not enough, need to practice how we can use it.



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