AIM

(a) Inform delegates of typical pre-flight and in-flight requirements as passengers. (b) Ensure that delegates understand their basic emergency response actions during a helicopter emergency. (c) Ensure delegates are able to demonstrate, in a simulated environment, that they can use the safety equipment, and follow procedures in preparing for, and during helicopter emergencies – with particular focus on escaping from a helicopter following ditching

LEARNING OUTCOMES
(1) Donning an aviation transit suit, aviation lifejacket and emergency breathing system equipment (EBS) and conducting EBS integrity checks. (2) Actions to take in preparation for a helicopter ditching and an emergency landing. (3) Actions following a controlled emergency descent to a dry landing with evacuation via a nominated exit. (4) Deployment, operation and breathing from EBS in a pool utilising personal air prior to HUET exercises (delegate to experience positive and negative pressure created by the body orientation in water). (5) Actions following a controlled ditching on water (including deploying EBS and, on instruction from aircrew, operation of a push out window) and evacuate through a nominated exit to an aviation life raft.

LEARNING OUTCOMES CONTD...
(6) Assist others where possible in carrying out initial actions on boarding the aviation life raft, to include mooring lines, deploying the sea anchor, raising the canopy and raft maintenance. (7) Escaping through a window opening which is underwater, from a partially submerged helicopter (without deploying EBS or operation of a push out window). (8) Escaping through a window opening which is underwater, from a partially submerged helicopter (deploying, operating and breathing from EBS equipment but without operation of a push out window). (9) Escaping through a window opening which is underwater, from a partially submerged helicopter (deploying, operating and breathing from EBS equipment and operation of a push out window).

LEARNING OUTCOMES CONTD...
(10) Escaping through a window opening which is underwater, from a capsized helicopter (without deployment of EBS or operation of a push out window). (11) Escaping through a window opening which is underwater, from a capsized helicopter (*deploying and operating EBS on the surface prior to capsize but without operation of a push out window). (12) Escaping through a window opening which is underwater, from a capsized helicopter (*deploying and operating EBS on the surface prior to capsize and the operation of a push out window). (13) Inflating an aviation lifejacket and deploying a spray visor in water (14) Boarding an aviation life raft from water.

TIME TABLE
0820-0830 0830-0935 0935-1030
Helicopter Emergencies 2.2.11-2.2.13

10301040
Tea Break

1040-1230
Helicopter Emergencies 2.2.14 - 2.2.18

Module Helicopter Introduction Travel & Emergencies 2.2.1 - 2.2.10

1230-1330

Lunch Break
1330-1500 1500-1510 1510 1630 1630 1730

HUET Practical 2.2.20 - 2.2.30

Tea Break

HUET Practical Feedback & Certificate contd … Distribution

STAFF
DESIGNATION NAME Training Faculty / Helicopter Pilot Capt. Ravinder Singh (Ex Indian Navy) Helicopter Pilot Bombay High HUET Operator Diving Supervisor HUET Instructors HUET Divers Supporting Staff Residential Medical Officer Ch. Eng. AK Sharma (MEO I Class) Mr. Daljit Singh (Ex Indian Navy) Diving Supervisor Mr. Tejpal Barnela (Rescue Diver PADI Goa Australia) Mr. Sachin Nehra (Ex Indian Navy) Ship Diver Mr. Jitender S Rathore (HSE –I Scotland) Mr. Dev Bahadur Sangli Mr. Danda Bahadur Rahadi Dr. Ravish Tatli

ASSESSMENT
There will be NO written exam Assessment in Classroom: Donning an aviation transit suit, aviation lifejacket and emergency breathing system equipment (EBS) and conducting EBS integrity checks. Assessment in Pool: Deployment, operation and breathing from EBS in a pool to experience positive and negative pressure created by the body orientation in water. Assessment in Pool/ HUET Simulator: Preparation for ditching /landing Actions following a controlled ditching on water and evacuate through a nominated exit to an aviation life raft.
Assist others where possible in carrying out initial actions on boarding the aviation life raft, to include mooring lines, deploying the sea anchor, raising the canopy and raft maintenance.

Assessment in Pool/ HUET Simulator:
Partially submerged, without EBS and without window Partially submerged, with EBS and without window Partially submerged, with EBS and with window Capsize, without EBS and without window Capsize, without EBS and without window Capsize, without EBS and without window Inflating an aviation lifejacket and deploying a spray visor in water Boarding an aviation life raft from water.

INTRODUCTION
A modern Helicopter is... • A safe and efficient form of travel ¿Why? • Crew qualifications and experience • Enforcement of maintenance standards and requirements • Technological improvements

EMERGENCY LANDING: ON LAND EMERGENCY DITCHING: ON WATER Survive from a Ditch in a helicopter may depend on: » KNOWLEDGE » TRAINING » ATTITUDE

Your survival ability may depend of your attitude. BE PREPARED! Have your own survival plan.

HELICOPTER TRAVEL

It can be given in many ways
  

PRE- FLIGHT BRIEFING

Information session by video Information session by cards/safety leaflet Information session by the Pilot, Flights Controller Or Medic

Subjects covered during these informative sessions includes
      

Dangerous points in and around the helicopter Lifejackets Re-breather/ Aviation transit suit.(Cold Region) Aviation life rafts Emergency equipment Emergency actions (BRACE, EXIT, SEAT BELT, LIFEJACKET) Restrictions – smoke, alcohol, drugs, weapons etc.

SAMPLE SAFETY CARD/ LEAFLET

HELICOPTER DANGEROUS AREAS

THE PROCEDURE AND REQUIREMENTS FOR PRE-BOARDING, SAFE BOARDING, IN-FLIGHT AND SAFE DISEMBARKATION

(a) ARRIVAL TIME: Arrive to Heliport early and in good conditions. (b) CORRECT DRESS: Make sure you are in correct dress. No slippers, No loose clothing, No Hats/Caps. (c) DOCUMENTATION: Make sure that you have correct travel documents:  Proof of Identification.  Medical Fitness Certificate.  Proof of training

(d) PROHIBITED ARTICLES
Many articles are restricted for travels offshore by helicopter. If you have any doubts, contact the helicopter operator.

CHECK IN PROCEDURE

Register with the flight dispatcher.

Security Verification for the whole personnel

• The maximum weight of baggage allowed is 11kgs. • No loose items.

The baggage will be transported to the helicopter and it should be identified BY YOU before loading

Distribution of lifejackets and Safety Summary from the land crew

PRE-FLIGHT VIDEO
PRE-FLIGHT VIDEO PAWAN HANS DAUPHINE

Watch helicopter safety video.

If you still have any doubt, DO NOT hesitate to ask. Location of Aviation Raft Location of Fire Fighting Extinguisher Location of First Aid Kit

POTENTIAL HAZARDS
• • • • • • • Main Rotor. Tail Rotor. Static Electricity. Noise. Hot Exhaust Gases. Flying Particles. Strong Winds/ Downwash.

SAFE BOARDING
Be in the view of Pilot Crouch slightly as you approach Be aware of high winds/ Exhaust DO NOT wear hats/caps or DO NOT carry loose objects Strictly NO Smoking.
Sit where directed Fasten your seat belt – Get familiarized with the emergency exits and the location of the emergency equipment Develop ditching plan for the seat you are occupying

DURING FLIGHT
 Follow Pilot’s instructions; he is in complete charge.  Remain seated with your seat belt fastened.  Identify Exit points and how to operate  Locate Safety & Survival Equipments.  Identify communication with pilot.  Read safety leaflet.  Wear hearing protection  Inform of any event not very common  Do not interfere with equipment.  Strictly NO SMOKING

ON LANDING / DIS EMBARKATION
       Follow Instructions of Pilot/Co-pilot or Landing Helicopter Official Release your seatbelt only when instructed . Be prepared strong wind on the heliport Leave the helicopter using a safety route. Follow instructions from the pilot or heliport crew. Stay low as you clear helicopter area Do not chase items blown across

AVIATION TRANSIT TYPE SUIT

HELICOPTER EMERGENCIES

FIRE

INFORM CREW

(a) Discovering a fire (b) Smoke (c) Fuel leaks (d) Abnormal conditions which the crew may not be aware of Strange vibrations, sound
AUTOROTATION:

IN-FLIGHT PROCEDURE
EMERGENCY ACTIONS
• • • • • • • Hood up – ensure the survival suit is zipped up. Tighten seat belt & tuck in loose end. Life jacket ensure operating strap free. Escape routes-locate. Brace- reduce chance of injury To minimize disorientation. Follow crew instruction.

2 Point seat belt

4 Point seat belt

AIRCRAFT FLOTATION CHARACTERISTICS
An impact is most likely experienced upon Emergency Landing. Helicopter may topple while Landing/Ditching

Top heavy due to Engine Poor weight distribution. Damage to float. Strong winds. Very high Sea swell. Uncontrolled Ditching/ Landing.

TYPES OF LANDING/ DITCHING
CONTROLLED LANDING/ DITCHING • Floats activated. • Floats upright.

SEMI CONTROLLED LANDING/ DITCHING:
• Floats activated • Sinks or rolls to capsize.

UNCONTROLLED LANDING/ DITCHING:
•Little or no notice •Aircraft breaks into piece •With/Without fire. • Some persons may be injured/killed.

ESCAPE ROUTE
Main doors (Jettison) /Emergency exits /Escape windows (Pop up/ Push out) Primary exit- close Secondary exit- away

Pop-up Window

Jettison Door Lever

Lights fitted surrounding the emergency exit Visible when submerged, activated during emergency landing when in contact with water.

INDEPENDENT ACTION LANDING ON LAND DITCHING ON WATER BRACE BRACE WAIT FOR 5 SECONDS EBS EXIT EXIT SEAT BELT SEAT BELT LIFE JACKET

SURVIVAL TECHNIQUES FOLLOWING DITCHING. (COVERED UNDER SEA SURVIVAL SECTION)

H.E.L.P

GROUP/CIRCLE

HUDDLE

CHAIN

THE PRINCIPLES, DURATION ,FLOTATION DYNAMICS ASSOCIATED WITH EMERGENCY BREATHING SYSTEMS PRINCIPLE: EBS is nothing but a counter lung in which you re-breathe. The research shows that the DURATION depends on underwater endurance of an  Individual Lung Capacity average individual increases by  Physical activities involved. 2.5 times than his normal breath holding capacity when  Fresh recharge if fitted. using EBS. FLOTATION DYNAMICS:  It does not give you extra buoyancy.  Breathing becomes difficult with depth  Short Breath does not hamper the supply of oxygen to brain.

COMPONENTS AIR POCKET TYPE
Mouth Piece Two way distribution valve

Nose Clip

Pop-up Knob

Flexible Hose connection to Counter Lung

Flexible Hose Push Button Counter Lung

PLB (Personal Locator Beacon)
Simple Activation ON/OFF button Activation Diagram

Self test or GPS test button

When Activated 406 MHz only (Red LED only) 406 MHz includes GPS data (Green LED) Programming Interface R LED

INTEGRITY CHECKS
3.5 Liters Compressed Air

•Integrity Stitches are intact . •Automatic inflator indicating green

•Pull tab is connected with the Automatic inflator
Salt Water Activated Automatic Inflator

Emergency Manual Inflator

TRAINING STAFF TO EXPLAIN AND DEMONSTRATE
• Donning a aviation transit suit EBS equipment and an aviation lifejacket. • Actions in preparation for a helicopter ditching and emergency landing, including brace positions for the range of seating locations and harness types. • Helicopter evacuation, to include: (a) Locate (b) Release (on-command) (c) Evacuating through nominated exits and push-out windows: onwater, underwater and capsize. • Emergency equipment onboard the helicopter, including stowage location of aviation life raft, operation and entry. • Initial actions on boarding the aviation life raft i.e. how to use mooring lines, deploying the sea anchor, raising the canopy and raft maintenance. • Use of aviation life raft equipment and secondary actions on boarding the aviation life raft, to include e.g. posting lookouts, activating the radio beacons and first aid

AVIATION TRANSIT TYPE SUIT
 Check for correct size.  Visual Inspection for damage.  Check the instruction on left knee.  Remove the foot wear.  Place your foot in the booties.  Push your hands through the wrist      

seal. Push your head in the neck seal. Zip up the suit and lock the stud. Do the Velcro. Don the hood. Don The aviation life jacket. Don the EBS.

AVIATION LIFE JACKETS
Familiarise with the method of inflation of aviation lifejackets. Two separate means of inflation (a) gas cylinder (b)oral inflation valves. Location of (a) Red Pulling Tag (b)Oral inflation valve/s. (c)Sea water activated light. (d)plastic whistle. (e) Spray hood.

DONNING OF AN AVIATION TRANSIT SUIT, EMERGENCY BREATHING SYSTEM (EBS) EQUIPMENT AND AN AVIATION LIFEJACKET. DONNING OF AVIATION LIFE JACKET • Carry out visual inspection /checks on life jacket . • Unbuckle the waist belt of the life jacket. • Don the life jacket such that the lobes of the life jackets rest over your chest. • Fasten the waist belt. • Adjust for tightness. • Fasten the crouch belt. • Adjust for tightness. • Secure the loose ends. DONNING OF THE EMERGENCY BREATHING SYSTEM. • Unbuckle the lower strap of the EBS. • Loop it around the waist belt of the life jacket. • Put the neck strap around the neck, adjust for tightness. • The EBS should fit between the lobes of the lifejacket.

ACTIONS IN PREPARATION FOR A HELICOPTER DITCHING AND EMERGENCY LANDING, INCLUDING BRACE POSITIONS FOR THE RANGE OF SEATING LOCATIONS AND HARNESS TYPES.

BRACE POSITIONS

Looking at front using lap belts.

Four Point Harness & Rear Facing Seats with Lap Straps

LOCATE POSITION

(a) Locate (b) Release (on-command) (c) Evacuating through nominated exits and pushout windows: on-water, underwater and capsize.

HELICOPTER EVACUATION

Exit / Reference point

Buckle

ON WATER (BOARDING ON HELI RAFT PROCEDURES) The aircraft floaters are activated manually by the pilot, the helicopter lands under control on water surface and keeps floating •Aircraft deactivation – remain seated •Wait for crew instructions •Throw window to sea

•Verify that the rotors have stopped •Throw the life rafts •Controlled exit from helicopter into rafts •Start immediate life raft actions

ESCAPE UNDER WATER
Aircraft impacts water surface
 
       

Take a DEEP RELAXED BREATH before immersion WAIT UNTIL ALL MOTION HAS CEASED, wait and wait and count 5 seconds STAY STRAPPED IN Verify orientation Open the exit window Secure your grabs Release your seatbelt Pull yourself out using your arms only - Do not kick Surface – be aware of garbage / fuel Start sea survival procedures

• • • • • • • • • •

Take a DEEP RELAXED BREATH before immersion WAIT UNTIL HELICOPTER CAPSIZE ALL MOTION HAS CEASED, wait and wait and count 5 seconds STAY STRAPPED IN Verify orientation Open the exit window Secure your grabs Release your seatbelt Pull yourself out using your arms only - Do not kick Surface – be aware of garbage / fuel Start sea survival procedures

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT

PA System /Head set

First Aid kit PERSONAL LOCATOR BEACON (PLB) OPERATE ON 406 MHZ. SOME INCLUDE GPS.

Fire Extinguisher

SURVIVAL EQUIPMENT KIT

STOWAGE LOCATION OF AVIATION LIFE RAFT

FLOATATION DEVICE

AVIATION RAFT
LOCATION: • No. of Aviation raft Boarding-1.from helicopter and from water. 2.Soft cover, 3.painter- secure to strong point, 4.co2 cylinder, 5.puncturing device,6. inflation tubes, 7.pull painter to operate, canopy- manual operation (never automatic). In the raft 1. No luggage 2. No shoes 3. No smoking 4. Systematically in a disciplined manner considering weight distribution. 5. Lifejacket should be inflated . 6. Remove EBS while jumping.

 Cut painter, move to safe location, congregate.  Stream sea anchor.  Bail out water, check for leaks.  Use canopy to protect from sun light/rain.

INITIAL ACTION

 Location of ELT, post lookout.
 Water –Anti sea sickness tablets conserve body fluid  Deploy canopy to get protected from sunlight and rain

• Cut short mooring line, pull for canopy release, pull to raise canopy, raise and secure, make canopy water tight. • Protection attend to first aid, Bail out water, stay dry, stay calm, keep high morale, lower canopy for helicopter rescue. • Location- maintain lookout, use signal equipment when required. • Water emergency pack water rationing, collect rain water. • Food- emergency pack.

SECONDARY ACTIONS

Delegates to practice and demonstrate:
1. Donning of an aviation transit suit, emergency breathing system (EBS) equipment and an aviation lifejacket. 2. Conducting integrity checks of the EBS equipment 3. Deploying, operating and breathing from EBS equipment at atmospheric pressure in dry conditions. 4. Deploying, operating and breathing from the EBS in a pool utilising personal air (positive and negative pressure). 5. Actions to take in preparing for a helicopter ditching/emergency landing. 6. Following instruction from the crew, evacuation from a helicopter using a nominated exit, following a controlled emergency descent to a dry landing. 7. Dry evacuation, using a nominated exit, to an aviation life raft from a helicopter ditched on water (including deployment of EBS equipment and, on instructions from aircrew, operation of a push out window), assisting others where possible and carrying out initial actions on boarding the aviation life raft, to include: mooring lines, deploying the sea anchor, raising the canopy and raft maintenance.

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Escaping through a window opening which is under water, from a partially submerged helicopter (without deploying EBS equipment or operation of a push out window). Escaping through a window opening which is under water, from a partially submerged helicopter (deploying, operating and breathing from EBS equipment but without operating a push out window). Escaping through a window opening which is under water, from a partially submerged helicopter (deploying, operating and breathing from EBS equipment and operating a push out window). Escaping through a window opening which is under water, from a capsized helicopter (without deploying EBS equipment or operating a push out window). Escaping through a window opening which is under water, from a capsized helicopter (*deploying and operating EBS equipment on surface prior to capsize but without operating a push out window). Escaping through a window opening which is under water, from a capsized helicopter (*deploying and operating EBS equipment on surface prior to capsize and operating a push out window). Inflation of an aviation lifejacket, deployment of a spray visor and boarding of an aviation life raft from the water.

ALL THE BEST!!!

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