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The Free High School Science Texts:
Textbooks for High School Students
Studying the Sciences
Physics

Copyright c 2007 “Free High School Science Texts” Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front- Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled “GNU Free Documentation License”

Webpage: http://www.fhsst.org/
The Free High School Science Texts:
Textbooks for High School Students
Studying the Sciences
Physics

Copyright c 2007 “Free High School Science Texts” Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front- Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled “GNU Free Documentation License”

Webpage: http://www.fhsst.org/

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1. Choose a word from column B that best describes the concept in column A.

Column A

Column B

pitch of sound

amplitude

loudness of sound

frequncy

quality of sound

speed
waveform

2. A tuning fork, a violin string and a loudspeaker are producing sounds. This is because

they are all in a state of:

A compression

B rarefaction

C rotation

D tension

369

15.8

CHAPTER 15. SOUND - GRADE 11

E vibration

3. What would a drummer do to make the sound of a drum give a note of lower pitch?

A hit the drum harder

B hit the drum less hard

C hit the drum near the edge

D loosen the drum skin

E tighten the drum skin

4. What is the approximate range of audible frequencies for a healthy human?

A 0.2 Hz → 200 Hz

B 2 Hz → 2 000 Hz

C 20 Hz → 20 000 Hz

D 200 Hz → 200 000 Hz

E 2 000 Hz → 2 000 000 Hz

5. X and Y are diﬀerent wave motions. In air, X travels much faster than Y but has a much
shorter wavelength. Which types of wave motion could X and Y be?

X

Y
A microwaves red light

infra red

C red light sound

D sound

ultraviolet

6. Astronauts are in a spaceship orbiting the moon. They see an explosion on the surface of

the moon. Why can they not hear the explosion?

A explosions do not occur in space

B sound cannot travel through a vacuum

C sound is reﬂected away from the spaceship

D sound travels too quickly in space to aﬀect the ear drum

E the spaceship would be moving at a supersonic speed

7. A man stands between two cliﬀs as shown in the diagram and claps his hands once.

cliﬀ 1

cliﬀ 2

165 m

110 m

Assuming that the velocity of sound is 330 m.s1

, what will be the time interval between

the two loudest echoes?

A 1

6 s

B 5

6 s

C 1

3 s

D 1 s

E 2

3 s

8. A dolphin emits an ultrasonic wave with frequency of 0,15 MHz. The speed of the
ultrasonic wave in water is 1 500 m.s1

. What is the wavelength of this wave in water?

A 0.1 mm

B 1 cm

370

CHAPTER 15. SOUND - GRADE 11

15.8

C 10 cm

D 10 m

E 100 m

9. The amplitude and frequency of a sound wave are both increased. How are the loudness

and pitch of the sound aﬀected?

loudness pitch

A increased raised
B increased unchanged

C increased lowered

D decreased raised
E decreased lowered

10. A jet ﬁghter travels slower than the speed of sound. Its speed is said to be:

A Mach 1

B supersonic

C isosonic

D hypersonic

E infrasonic

11. A sound wave is diﬀerent from a light wave in that a sound wave is:

A produced by a vibrating object and a light wave is not.

B not capable of travelling through a vacuum.

C not capable of diﬀracting and a light wave is.

D capable of existing with a variety of frequencies and a light wave has a single

frequency.

12. At the same temperature, sound waves have the fastest speed in:

A rock

B milk

C oxygen

D sand

13. Two sound waves are traveling through a container of nitrogen gas. The ﬁrst wave has a

wavelength of 1,5 m, while the second wave has a wavelength of 4,5 m. The velocity of
the second wave must be:

A 1

9 the velocity of the ﬁrst wave.

B 1

3 the velocity of the ﬁrst wave.

C the same as the velocity of the ﬁrst wave.

D three times larger than the velocity of the ﬁrst wave.

E nine times larger than the velocity of the ﬁrst wave.

14. Sound travels at a speed of 340 m·s1

. A straw is 0,25 m long. The standing wave set

up in such a straw with one end closed has a wavelength of 1,0 m. The standing wave
set up in such a straw with both ends open has a wavelength of 0,50 m.

(a) calculate the frequency of the sound created when you blow across the straw with
the bottom end closed.

(b) calculate the frequency of the sound created when you blow across the straw with

the bottom end open.

15. A lightning storm creates both lightning and thunder. You see the lightning almost

immediately since light travels at 3×108

m·s1

. After seeing the lightning, you count
5 s and then you hear the thunder. Calculate the distance to the location of the storm.

371

15.8

CHAPTER 15. SOUND - GRADE 11

16. A person is yelling from a second story window to another person standing at the garden
gate, 50 m away. If the speed of sound is 344 m·s1

, how long does it take the sound to

reach the person standing at the gate?

17. A piece of equipment has a warning label on it that says, ”Caution! This instrument
produces 140 decibels.” What safety precaution should you take before you turn on the

instrument?

18. What property of sound is a measure of the amount of energy carried by a sound wave?

19. How is intensity related to loudness?

20. Person 1 speaks to person 2. Explain how the sound is created by person 1 and how it is

possible for person 2 to hear the conversation.

21. Sound cannot travel in space. Discuss what other modes of communication astronauts

can use when they are outside the space shuttle?

22. An automatic focus camera uses an ultrasonic sound wave to focus on objects. The
camera sends out sound waves which are reﬂected oﬀ distant objects and return to the

camera. A sensor detects the time it takes for the waves to return and then determines
the distance an object is from the camera. If a sound wave (speed = 344 m·s1

) returns

to the camera 0,150 s after leaving the camera, how far away is the object?

23. Calculate the frequency (in Hz) and wavelength of the annoying sound made by a

mosquito when it beats its wings at the average rate of 600 wing beats per second.
Assume the speed of the sound waves is 344 m·s1
.

24. Does halving the frequency of a wave source halve or double the speed of the waves?

25. Humans can detect frequencies as high as 20 000 Hz. Assuming the speed of sound in air

is 344 m·s1

, calculate the wavelength of the sound corresponding to the upper range of

audible hearing.

26. An elephant trumpets at 10 Hz. Assuming the speed of sound in air is 344 m·s1
,

calculate the wavelength of this infrasonic sound wave made by the elephant.

27. A ship sends a signal out to determine the depth of the ocean. The signal returns 2,5

seconds later. If sound travels at 1450 m.s1

in sea water, how deep is the ocean at that

point?

372

Chapter 16

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