P. 1
Telegram Re_ the Zona Rosa Case_ How It Ended in President Duarte's Lap 4035

Telegram Re_ the Zona Rosa Case_ How It Ended in President Duarte's Lap 4035

|Views: 0|Likes:
El Salvador State Department Documents
El Salvador State Department Documents

More info:

Published by: National Security Internet Archive on Jun 21, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

06/21/2012

pdf

text

original

T&T T

BI Salmdan Human Blghh

+ +~+

:ccial Prefect (1993) .
Os+&

AN'

DS$0126

PAGE 01 ACTION ARA-00

SAN

SA

01971

01

OF

03

1220902

INR-10 COPY-01 ADS-00 LQG-00 L-03 HA-09 SSO-00 NSCK-00 NSAK-00 SP-02 CA-02 INRE-00 QCS-06
IN FO

SS-00

CIAE-00 DODF-00 PN-10 ANAD-01 P-02 SCT-02

0

0 12203'lZ FEB SS

270070

122053Z r69 38
756'1
4

Ffl ANKNBASSY SAN SALVADOR TO SECSTATE MASHDC INNEDIATE DOJ NASHDC INNKDI ATE

-SEC 'ION 01 OF 03 SAN SALVADOR 01971
DEPT FOR ARArCKN)

LrLKI) LrCA) CArOCS

JUSTICE FOR OrOEA

E. Q. 12356:
TAGS)
CASCt

DECL:
PHUN&

OADR

SUBJECT:

KS HO)f ROSS CASE) PRESIDENT DUARTE S LAP
PGQVi
THE ZONA
SAN

IT
SAN

ENDED

IN

REF:

(A)

SALVADOR

(C)

STATE

27251
-'

11251 (B)

SALVADOR

112$

"-: 0"-» IS/Fr:. re",=;. -. =,.», ~„.t. ~ —,

.

q@--

2
I

~

SUNNAR

I

'

'-. . "i

c)-,a(.-

~
6

BY THHHALVADORAN *COURT--NARTIAL. TO PRESIDENT DUARTE FOR HIS REVIKN ITS RUI. ING UPHOLDING A LOf(ER COURT DECISION TO ANNESTY THE UPHOL DE FENDANTS IN THE ZONA ROSA CASEi AND DUARTE'S DECISION TO ACCEPT THAT PROCEDURES CAtfK A 9 THE DIRECT
THE DECISION

~~'Jgl

0

SAN SA

01971

Of OF

03

122090Z

RESULT QF

AN

INTKffSE LOBBYING EFFORT SY THE ENBASSY

UHCLASSSEtj

liBI P+$+D
High'.
~&Oct

:

()993)

PRESIDENT DURRTK HAS RT ALL LEVELS OF THK GOES NRNED A LKGAL CQI(HISSION TO REVIEW AND tlAKE THE TINKTABLE OF THE QN THK CASE. RECONNENDATIQNS THE DEFENSE IS COMNISS ION' S WORK IS UNCLEAR, EXPECTED TQ FILE A WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS ON BEHALF QF OF SUCH A HOVE THE ACCUSED. THK LEGAL INPLICATIONS THE THREE DKFENDANTS ARE UNCERTAIN. IN THE NEANTINEz END SUNNARY. RENAIN INCARCERATED.

3.

INTENSK

KllBASSY LOBBYING KFFORT

FOLLOWING THK JANUARY 25 REJECTION BY THE COURT tIARTIAL OF THE ATTORNEY GKNKRAL'S APl'KAL OF THK LOWER COURT'S DEC'ISON GRANTING ANNESTY TO THE ZONA ROSA DEFENDANTS (REF A)a THE ENBASSY NOUNTKD AN INTENSE DIPLQtIATIC EFFORT AT ALL I.EVELS Of THK GOES TO ENSURE THRT ALL LEGAI. AVENUES WKRK FULLY KXHAUSTED TO THK PREVENT THE RELKASE OF THE DEFENDANT((. ANBASSADOR CONSULTED FOUR TItlES WITH PRKSIDENT DUARTE AND THREE TINES WITH NINISTKR OF DEFENSE (tIOD) VIDES CRSANOVA. THE AtIBASSRDQR ALSO DISCUSSKD THE CASE WITH ATTORNEY GENERAL GIRON FLORES' NINISTER OF THE PRESIDENCY LOPEZ NUILA~ NATIONAL POLICE (PN) CHIKF GEN. GOLCHEIb AND SUPRKNE COURT JUSTICE FRANCISCO "CHACHI" GUERRERO. OTHER EllBOFFS MERE IN CONTINUOUS CONTACT WITH ALL THE KEY GOVKRNtlENT AND JUDICIAL PLAYERS~ TO KNSURE THERE WOULD BE NO SURPRISES.

COURT

HART

IAL RESISTING

PAGE

03

SAN

SA

01971

01

OF

03

1220'IOZ

FOR SEVERAL DAYS THK OUTCONE QF THE CASE MAS IN LItlBO AS THE COURT tlARTIAL MAIVKRKD BETHEEN ACCEPTING AND REJECTING AN APPEAL AND ARGUED THE NKRITS RND DOMNSIDES OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF RECOURSE (tlAINLY "RECURSO DE RKVISION" VERSUS 'RECURSQ DE APELACION. SUPRENE COURT JUSTICE GUERRERO' WHILE WILLING TO HELPS ARGUED STRONGLY THAT AN APPEAL TO THE SUPRENE COURT MOULD NOT STAND A CHANCK AND CONSEQUENTLY WAS NO7 WORTH PUIRSUING. AG GIRON FLORES

")

PNll. LSSlHE0

ggusss~i

5BLEASED
il

=~Jvador: Humm g 'pood Pro]ed, (ly)j)

~

INED UNDETERRED AND KEPT EXPLQPING AND PUSHING EVKRYONE FRON THE PRESID FOR A LKGAL OPENING. DOWN WEIGHED IN TO KNSURK THAT NO STONES WERE LEFT UNTURNED TO KEEP THK CASK ALIVK AND THE DEFENDANTS IN PRISON. TWICK THE COURT NARTIAL WAS ON THE VERGE OF ACCEPTING AN APPEALS ONLY TQ REVKRSK ITSKLF HOURS LATER. ONE Of THE THREE NKNSERS QF THE COURT NARTIAL AIDA FAGIOLIi LKGAL COUNSKL TO THK TWQ NILITARY NENBERS~ REPQRTKDI. Y OPPOSED 8TRONGLY ANY FURTHER APPEALS AND NANAGKD TO STALl. THROUGH DIFFERENT NANEUVKRS ANY FORWARD NOVENKNT ON THK' CASE FOR SEVERAL DAYS.

5.

PRESIDENT

AND

PRESSURE FINALLY CONE TOGETHER

THE SREAKTHROUGH CANE ON JANUARY 89' WHEN l'RESIDENT DUARTE INFORNED THE ANSA88ADOR THAT~ DESPITE SORE SERIOUS QUESTIONS ASQUT THE PROCKDURK'8 LEGALITYr HE WOULD RCCKPT THE CASE FOR REVIEW IN HIS CAPACITY AS CQNNANDER-IN-CHIEF QF THE SALVADORAN ARNKD FORCES. THE PRESIDENT'S DECISION TO ALLOW THK CASE TO CONE TO HIM& COHBINED WITH THK PRESSURES FRON THE AGi NQD AND

nKra I('C! Elf;

aa&.EASED
" P. col
l&&ojec(

PAGE 01 ACTION ARA-00

SAH

SA

eassflN 01971
02

{pggg)

OF

03

1220&llZ

I NR-10 COPY-01 ADS-00 LOG-00 L-03 HA-09 NSAE-00 SSO-00 NSCE-00 C-01 SP-02 CA-02 INRE-00 OCS-06 r0'V9 M
INFO

88-00

CIAE-00

ANAD-01

SCT-02

PN-10: P-02

BODE-00»

-270102

122053Z r 6'4 38

0 12203VZ FEB 88
FH ANENBASSY SAN SALVADOR TO SECSTATE MASHDC INNEDIATE DOS HASHDC INNKDIATE

7565
03
SAN
SALV&)DOR

SECTION 02 QF
DEPT fOR ARArCKN)

01971'

LrLEI) LrCAJ

CArOCS

JUSTICE FOR 0rOKA

E. O. 12356:

DKCL:

CASC& PHUN& TAGS: SUBJECT: THE ZONA

OADR PGOV&

ROSA

ES CASE:

HOW

IT

ENDED

IN

OTHERS ON THE COURT NARTIAL& FINALLY LED THE LATTER TO REJECT THE APPEALS& BUT TO ACCEPT TO SUBNIT THEIR RULING FOR A LEGAL REVIEW ( "CONSULTA" ) BY THE

CONNADER-IN-CHIEF.

6.
ON

PRESIDENTIAL

CONNISSION

REVIEWING

CASE

FEBRUARY 5& THK ENBASSY RKCEIVED THE DOCUNENTS OUTLINING THE COURT NARTIAL'8 REJECTION OF THE AG'8 APPEAL AND THE DECISION TO FORHARD THK CASE TO (THE DOCUNENTS l4ERE HANDCARRIED PRESIDENT DUARTE. BY EL SALVADOR DESK THE FOLLOWING DAY TO iiASHINGTON OFFICER JIN CALLAHAN. ) QN FEBRUARY 7& PRESIDENT

PAGE

02
ANNQUNCKD

SAN

SA

01971
THK

02

OF

03

1220'11Z

DUARTK

THE APPOINTNENT
ZONA

CONNISSION

TO CONSIDER

QF A LKGAL THE ROSA CASE.

IlllIISSIRE0
PRIVATE SECRETARY TO THE B SSION QNCLUDESi PRESIDENCY RQSERTO SUAREZ SUAZO~ THE PRESIDKNT'S LEGAL ADVISOR AND FORflKR SUPRKBK COURT flhGISTRATK CARIAS DELGADOr AG GIRON FLORES~ AND FORMER AG ALSO A BKBSKft IS BINISTKR OF THK BENDOZA AGUILAR. PRESIDENCY LQPKZ NUILhi ffHO ALSO HAS A LEGAL DEGREE. THE COflflISSION HAS SKEN TASKED TO ltEVIKM THE CASE AND THK TIBKTABLK RECOBBEMD A DECISION TO THE PRESIDENT. FOR ITS REVIKH IS UNCLEAR.

ll"''LEASED li-"~LE~A~SE
,Pl

9KL400i~. =

V~jDCf jy99q)

7.

DUARTE

ADVISED ZONA

ROSA

EXCLUDED

PROB ABNKSTY

DUARTE

ENDORSED

THK

SROAD

AffNESTY

LAK AS A ffhY

TO

PRESSURE THE SANDINISTAS HITHIN THE KSGUIPULAS PROCESS TO FRKE ALL POLITICAL PRISONERS IN NICARAGUA& INCLUDING KX-NATIONAL GUARDSBEN~ SECAUSE DOTH HE AND PRESIDENT AZCONA OF HONDURAS SELIEVKD THIS HOULD SE SALUTORY FOR THK DEBOCRATIZATION QF NICARAGUA. DUARTK lihS ASSURED SEFORKHAND SY HIS QMN TOP LKGAL ADVISORS THAT THE SROAD ABNESTY LANI HIS GOVEltNflENT SUSBITTED TO THK NATIONAL ASSKflSLY COULD NOT SE INTERPRETED BY SALVhDQRAN JUDGES TQ EXTEND hflNESTY TQ SHERATON~ AND ZONA THK ACCUSED IN THE CHURCHHOBENi THE LAN ITSELF EXCLUDED FROB ANNESTY THE ROSA CASES. INDEEDY BONSKNOR ROBERO 'AND ICIDNAPPING RING CASKS. THK PRESIDENT OF THE SUPlREflK COURTs THE ATTORNKY GENERALi THE BINISTKR QF JUSTICES AND THK PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL ASSKBSLY ALL OPINED TO THK ABBASSADOR THAT THE Lhfi HOULD NOT INCLUDE THK CASKS BENTIONED

II

PAGE

03

SAN

SA

0f97f

02

OF

03

1220'ilZ

S.

DUARTE

BUST PAY POLITICAL

COST

DUARTE HAS TYPICALLY AND ALflOST flASOCHISTI CALLY HE HAS ASSUBKD RESPONSISILITY IN THE ZONA ROSA CASE. LONG SEEN UNDER ATTACK SY KLEBKNTS OF THK RADICAL RIGHT FOR HIS PERSISTENCE IN INVESTIGATING AND

PltOSKCUTING CASES OF HUBAN RIGHTS ASUSK AND ALLEGED ACTS OF THK GOVKRNBKNT lK. G. UNCONSTITUTIOHAL

Rl Salvadon Human Rights

Special P03jcct (l~u33
ROSA CASE ARE THE ANY JUDGEtlKNT SV DU A RTK TO LEFT MILL SURELY USK TK OYER-R ULE THE LONER COURT DECISION TO RKLKASE THK ZONA ROSA ACCUSKD AS ANOTHER EXAtlPLK QF DUARTK'S "PUPPET" RKLATION l4ITH THK UNITED STATES AND THE "ANERICAN COUNTER-IMSURGKNCY STRATEGY. " DU RT WAS DUARTK INCE NSED SY A JUDGK EXTKl'IDING AMNESTY TO THE S HERATON CASE. HIS INSISTENCE THAT THE ZONA ROSA CASE SE SE T ENT TO HIM FOR DECI SIONi DESPITE STROMG ARGUtlENTS AGAINST ' THK LEGAL APPROPRIATENKSS HK OF THIS PROCEDURE AND ARGUMENTS QF ADVISORS THAT THK EVENTUAL P'0 LITICAL HIN MILL SE NUCH GREATER THAN ANY ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE BENEFITS' SHOH DUARTK'S STROMG CONYICTION THAT PEtlPKTRATORS OF SUCH CRItlES SHOU L D NQT GO
TO

l. IKELY

.)

DUARTE'S

ACTIONS

IN THK ZONA

SE USED SY THE POLITICAL EXTREMES.

UtlPUNISHED.

9.

COtlNKMT:

PUBLIC INTEREST IN THK
LEAST TKNPORARILY
~

THUS

ZONA ROSA SONKNHAT

CASE HAS IIANKD AT REDUCING PRESSURES

llllllUSSlFIED
PAGE 01 ACTION ARA-00
SAN

l-~~J
J', I

EASED

i',"~c|1ai

5 J~ adon Human kighra Proiccr (199%) ,

SA

01971

03

OF

03

1220912

F019

LOG-00 INFO COPY-01 ADS-00 INR-10 SS-OO CIAE-00 IIODII-OO. NSCE-00 NSAK-00 SSO-00 L-03 HA-09 ANAD-01 PN-10 INRE-00 OCS-06 CA-02 C-01 SP-02 SCT-02 P-02

0 12203'lZ FEB $8

-----------------270113

H

12205HZ r64t 38

FN AtIENBASSY SAN SALVADOR TO SECSTATE MRSHDC ItINEDIATK DOJ l4RSHDC INNEDIATE

7566
03
OF

SECTION
DKPT FOR ARRI'CKNJ

03

SAN

SALVRDOR

01971

L/LEIJ L/CAJ

CA/OCS

JUSTICE FOR 0/OEA

E. O. 12356:
TAGS:
ON

DECLJ
PHUNi

CASCi

OADR POOVE

SUBJECT:

THE ZONR

ROSA

ES CASE:

HOH

IT

ENDKD

Itl

THE PRESIDENT AND THE CQNNISSION FOR AN EARLY RULING OF THE CASE. IIHILE THK COJINISSION IS CONSIDERING THE CASEi A LIKKI. Y NKXT DEVELOPtlENT IS FOR THE DEFENSE TO FILE R HRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS TO THE SUPREJIE COURT ON BEHRI F OF THE THREE DKFENDANTS. THE IMPLICATIONS FOR THE CASE OF SUCH A NOVK RRE UNCERTAIN. PRKSIDENT DUhRTE HAS DKt!QNSTRRTKD h STRONG DESIRE TO BE FQRTHCOtlING ON THIS LEGALLY AND POLITICALLY DIFFICULT CASE. THK ENBASSY HILL CONTINUE TO DO ITS UTNOST TO KNSURE THAT ALL LKGAL OPTIONS ARE PURSUED AS VIGOROUSLY AS POSSIBLE TO KEEP THE ACCUSED INPRISONED AND THE CASE AGAINST THEN

ALIVE.
CORR

~

PAGE

02

SAN

SA

01971

03

OF

03

1220'11Z

lith'LNIF8

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->