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P. 1

ANSYS Buckling Analysis|Views: 1,995|Likes: 43

Published by Maha Hassan

Presentation explaining buckling analysis of simple models using ANSYS program.

Presentation explaining buckling analysis of simple models using ANSYS program.

Published by: Maha Hassan on Jun 22, 2012

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https://www.scribd.com/doc/97920653/ANSYS-Buckling-Analysis

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ENG. MAHA MODDATHER HASSAN T.A. CAIRO UNIVERSITY, EGYPT

SESSION OUTLINE

Introduction Buckling of Column with well-defined End Conditions. Buckling of Special Column. Second Order Analysis of a Simple Beam. Buckling of Frame. Home Work

INTRODUCTION

ANSYS is a finite element program that can perform:

Static Linear Analyses Static Nonlinear Analyses Dynamic Linear Analyses Dynamic Nonlinear Analyses Heat Transfer Problems Fluid Problems Electromagnetic Problems

INTRODUCTION ANSYS can be used for analyzing

Skeletal Structures

Non-skeletal Structures

2D

3D

Slabs

Beams

Domes Trusses

Frames

INTRODUCTION ANSYS Analysis Steps

Preprocessing

Geometry Material Properties Choose Elements

Solution

Apply Loads Apply Boundary Conditions (Restraints) Type of Problem Solution Control

Post processing

Obtaining Results

INTRODUCTION

General View of ANSYS Program :

INTRODUCTION Preprocessing Phase .

INTRODUCTION Solution Phase .

INTRODUCTION Post processing Phase .

BUCKLING OF COLUMN WITH WELL-DEFINED END CONDITIONS P Column Section 600cm 20 cm 10 cm P Get Pcr using Eigen buckling analysis in Ansys and compare with manual solution? (E = 2000 t/cm2) .

67 cm4 Iy = 20(10)3/12 = 1666.67 cm4 P 600cm P .BUCKLING OF COLUMN WITH WELL-DEFINED END CONDITIONS Exact Solution: Pcr = Π2EI/L2 Pcr = Π2(2000)I/6002 = 91.4 ton Ix = 10(20)3/12 = 6666.

Define key points POINT 1 2 ( X . 0) ( 0 . 600) P 2 600cm Y Preprocessor > Modeling > create > keypoints > In active CS 1 X P .BUCKLING OF COLUMN WITH WELL-DEFINED END CONDITIONS Using ANSYS 12. Y) ( 0 .0:Preprocessing Phase: 1.

BUCKLING OF COLUMN WITH WELL-DEFINED END CONDITIONS POINT 1 2 ( X . 0) ( 0 . 600) P 2 600cm Y 1 X P . Y) ( 0 .

600) P 2 600cm Y 1 X P . Y) ( 0 . 0) ( 0 .BUCKLING OF COLUMN WITH WELL-DEFINED END CONDITIONS POINT 1 2 ( X .

BUCKLING OF COLUMN WITH WELL-DEFINED END CONDITIONS Using ANSYS 12.0:Preprocessing Phase: 2. Define line between keypoints Preprocessor > Modeling > Create > Lines > Lines > In Active Coord P 2 600cm Y 1 X P .

BUCKLING OF COLUMN WITH WELL-DEFINED END CONDITIONS Using ANSYS 12.2 .0:Preprocessing Phase: 2. Pick points 1.

0:Preprocessing Phase: 3.BUCKLING OF COLUMN WITH WELL-DEFINED END CONDITIONS Using ANSYS 12. Define type of element Preprocessor > Element Type > Add/Edit/Delete For this problem we will use the BEAM3 (Beam 2D elastic) element. . This element has 3 degrees of freedom (translation along the X and Y axes. and rotation about the Z axis).

BUCKLING OF COLUMN WITH WELL-DEFINED END CONDITIONS .

. Cross-sectional area AREA: 200 ii.0:Preprocessing Phase: 4. Area moment of inertia IZZ: 1666. enter the following geometric properties: i..BUCKLING OF COLUMN WITH WELL-DEFINED END CONDITIONS Using ANSYS 12.67 iii. Total Beam Height HEIGHT: 20 . Define real constants Preprocessor > Real Constants. > Add In the 'Real Constants for BEAM3' window.

BUCKLING OF COLUMN WITH WELL-DEFINED END CONDITIONS .

Define Material Properties Preprocessor > Material Props > Material Models > Structural > Linear > Elastic > Isotropic In the window that appears. Young's modulus EX: 2000 ii. enter the following geometric properties : i.0:Preprocessing Phase: 5.3 .BUCKLING OF COLUMN WITH WELL-DEFINED END CONDITIONS Using ANSYS 12. Poisson's Ratio PRXY: 0.

.0:Preprocessing Phase: 6. For this example we will specify an element edge length of 10 cm (10 element divisions along the line).BUCKLING OF COLUMN WITH WELL-DEFINED END CONDITIONS Using ANSYS 12. Define Mesh Preprocessor > Meshing > Size Cntrls > ManualSize > Lines > All Lines.. .

0:Preprocessing Phase: 7. Apply Mesh Preprocessor > Meshing > Mesh > Lines > click 'Pick All' .BUCKLING OF COLUMN WITH WELL-DEFINED END CONDITIONS Using ANSYS 12.

Activate prestress effects To perform an eigenvalue buckling analysis. . Define Analysis Type Solution > Analysis Type > New Analysis > Static 2. Select Solution > Analysis Type > sol’n control change the [SSTIF][PSTRES] item to 'Prestress ON'.BUCKLING OF COLUMN WITH WELL-DEFINED END CONDITIONS Using ANSYS 12. which ensures the stress stiffness matrix is calculated.0:Solution Phase: 1. prestress effects must be activated. This is required in eigenvalue buckling analysis.

BUCKLING OF COLUMN WITH WELL-DEFINED END CONDITIONS .

. Apply Constraints Solution > Define Loads > Apply > Structural > Displacement > On Keypoints Select Keypoint 1 and Fix Ux and Uy.BUCKLING OF COLUMN WITH WELL-DEFINED END CONDITIONS Using ANSYS 12.0:Solution Phase: 3.

.0:Solution Phase: 3. Apply Constraints Solution > Define Loads > Apply > Structural > Displacement > On Keypoints Select Keypoint 2 and Fix in X direction.BUCKLING OF COLUMN WITH WELL-DEFINED END CONDITIONS Using ANSYS 12.

0:Solution Phase: 4. Apply Loads Solution > Define Loads > Apply > Structural > Force/Moment > On Keypoints The eignenvalue solver uses a unit force to determine the necessary buckling load. Apply a vertical (FY) point load of -1 ton to the top of the beam (keypoint 2). . Applying a load other than 1 will scale the answer by a factor of the load.BUCKLING OF COLUMN WITH WELL-DEFINED END CONDITIONS Using ANSYS 12.

0:Solution Phase: 5.BUCKLING OF COLUMN WITH WELL-DEFINED END CONDITIONS Using ANSYS 12. Solve the system Solution > Solve > Current LS .

BUCKLING OF COLUMN WITH WELL-DEFINED END CONDITIONS Using ANSYS 12. However.0: Post Processing Phase: 1. Exit solution phase Close the solution menu and click FINISH at the bottom of the Main Menu. . Normally at this point you enter the post processing phase. with a buckling analysis you must re-enter the solution phase and specify the buckling analysis. Be sure to close the solution menu and re-enter it or the buckling analysis may not function properly.

Define Analysis Type Solution > Analysis Type > New Analysis > Eigen Buckling 2.BUCKLING OF COLUMN WITH WELL-DEFINED END CONDITIONS Using ANSYS 12. Specify Buckling Analysis Options Select Solution > Analysis Type > Analysis Options .0: Second SolutionPhase: 1.

BUCKLING OF COLUMN WITH WELL-DEFINED END CONDITIONS Using ANSYS 12. Solve the system Solution > Solve > Current LS .0: Second SolutionPhase: Complete the window as shown below: 3.

View the buckling load To display the minimum load required to buckle the beam select General Postproc > List Results > Detailed Summary Buckling load as calculated before . Exit solution phase Close the solution menu and click FINISH at the bottom of the Main Menu as before Using ANSYS 12.0: Post Processing Phase: 1.0: Second SolutionPhase : 4.BUCKLING OF COLUMN WITH WELL-DEFINED END CONDITIONS Using ANSYS 12.

BUCKLING OF COLUMN WITH WELL-DEFINED END CONDITIONS Using ANSYS 12. Display buckling mode Select General Postproc > Read Results > Last Set to bring up the data for the last mode calculated Select General Postproc > Plot Results > Deformed Shape .0: Post Processing Phase: 2.

BUCKLING OF SPECIAL COLUMN P 300cm 450cm P Section 10 cm 10 cm Get Pcr using approximate analysis. and Eigen buckling analysis in Ansys and compare? (E = 2000 t/cm2) . exact analysis.

BUCKLING OF SPECIAL COLUMN Approximate Solution: Pcr = Π2EI/Lmax2 Pcr = Π2(2000)I/4502 = 81.89 (2000)x833.89EI/Lmin2 = 5.0 ton .231 ton Ix = 10(10)3/12 = 833.333 cm4 Exact Solution: From lecture notes : Pcr = 5.33/3002 = 109.

0) ( 300 . 0) ( 750 .BUCKLING OF SPECIAL COLUMN Using ANSYS 12. Y) ( 0 . 0) .0:Preprocessing Phase: 1. Define key points Y 2 X 1 300cm 450cm 3 Preprocessor > Modeling > create > keypoints > In active CS POINT 1 2 3 ( X .

Define line between keypoints Preprocessor > Modeling > Create > Lines > Lines > In Active Coord Define line between (1 and 2) then between (2 and 3) .0:Preprocessing Phase: 2.BUCKLING OF SPECIAL COLUMN Using ANSYS 12.

. and rotation about the Z axis). Define type of element Preprocessor > Element Type > Add/Edit/Delete For this problem we will use the BEAM3 (Beam 2D elastic) element.0:Preprocessing Phase: 3. This element has 3 degrees of freedom (translation along the X and Y axes.BUCKLING OF SPECIAL COLUMN Using ANSYS 12.

33 iii. Cross-sectional area AREA: 100 ii... Total Beam Height HEIGHT: 10 . > Add In the 'Real Constants for BEAM3' window. Define real constants Preprocessor > Real Constants. enter the following geometric properties: i.BUCKLING OF SPECIAL COLUMN Using ANSYS 12.0:Preprocessing Phase: 4. Area moment of inertia IZZ: 833.

. 7. For this example we will specify an element edge length of 10 cm (10 element divisions along the line).BUCKLING OF SPECIAL COLUMN Using ANSYS 12.. Apply Mesh Preprocessor > Meshing > Mesh > Lines > click 'Pick All' . Define Material Properties Preprocessor > Material Props > Material Models > Structural > Linear > Elastic > Isotropic In the window that appears. Define Mesh Preprocessor > Meshing > Size Cntrls > ManualSize > Lines > All Lines. Young's modulus EX: 2000 ii. Poisson's Ratio PRXY: 0. enter the following geometric properties : i.0:Preprocessing Phase: 5.3 6.

Activate prestress effects To perform an eigenvalue buckling analysis.BUCKLING OF SPECIAL COLUMN Using ANSYS 12. Select Solution > Analysis Type > sol’n control change the [SSTIF][PSTRES] item to 'Prestress ON'. prestress effects must be activated. This is required in eigenvalue buckling analysis. Define Analysis Type Solution > Analysis Type > New Analysis > Static 2. which ensures the stress stiffness matrix is calculated.0:Solution Phase: 1. .

BUCKLING OF SPECIAL COLUMN .

BUCKLING OF SPECIAL COLUMN Using ANSYS 12. Apply Constraints Solution > Define Loads > Apply > Structural > Displacement > On Keypoints Select Keypoint 1 and Fix Ux and Uy. .0:Solution Phase: 3.

0:Solution Phase: 3. Apply Constraints Solution > Define Loads > Apply > Structural > Displacement > On Keypoints Select Keypoint 2 and 3.BUCKLING OF SPECIAL COLUMN Using ANSYS 12. . then Fix Uy.

BUCKLING OF SPECIAL COLUMN .

Applying a load other than 1 will scale the answer by a factor of the load. Apply Loads Solution > Define Loads > Apply > Structural > Force/Moment > On Keypoints The eignenvalue solver uses a unit force to determine the necessary buckling load.BUCKLING OF SPECIAL COLUMN Using ANSYS 12.0:Solution Phase: 4. Apply a vertical (Fx) point load of -1 ton to the top of the beam (keypoint 3). .

Solve the system Solution > Solve > Current LS .0:Solution Phase: 5.BUCKLING OF SPECIAL COLUMN Using ANSYS 12.

0: Post Processing Phase: 1. Be sure to close the solution menu and re-enter it or the buckling analysis may not function properly. Normally at this point you enter the post processing phase.BUCKLING OF SPECIAL COLUMN Using ANSYS 12. . Exit solution phase Close the solution menu and click FINISH at the bottom of the Main Menu. with a buckling analysis you must re-enter the solution phase and specify the buckling analysis. However.

Define Analysis Type Solution > Analysis Type > New Analysis > Eigen Buckling 2.BUCKLING OF SPECIAL COLUMN Using ANSYS 12. Specify Buckling Analysis Options Select Solution > Analysis Type > Analysis Options .0: Second SolutionPhase: 1.

Solve the system Solution > Solve > Current LS .BUCKLING OF SPECIAL COLUMN Using ANSYS 12.0: Second SolutionPhase: Complete the window as shown below: 3.

Exit solution phase Close the solution menu and click FINISH at the bottom of the Main Menu as before Using ANSYS 12.0: Post Processing Phase: 1.BUCKLING OF SPECIAL COLUMN Using ANSYS 12.0: Second SolutionPhase : 4. View the buckling load To display the minimum load required to buckle the beam select General Postproc > List Results > Detailed Summary Buckling load as calculated before .

Display buckling mode Select General Postproc > Read Results > Last Set to bring up the data for the last mode calculated Select General Postproc > Plot Results > Deformed Shape .BUCKLING OF SPECIAL COLUMN Using ANSYS 12.0: Post Processing Phase: 2.

SECOND ORDER ANALYSIS P = 80 ton 300cm 10 ton 200cm 10 ton 300cm P = 80 ton Section 50 cm 30 cm Get the value of max bending moment and deflection using : first order analysis. and ANSYS? (E = 2000 t/cm2) . exact analysis.

312 cm Exact Solution: From lecture notes : using superposition or exact analysis: Mmax = 3025 t.3146 cm .SECOND ORDER ANALYSIS Using first order Analysis: Mmax = 3000 t.cm Ymax = 0.cm Ymax = 0.

Y) ( 0 . 0) ( 800 . Define key points Y 10 ton 10 ton 2 X 3 1 300cm 200cm 300cm 4 Preprocessor > Modeling > create > keypoints > In active CS POINT 1 2 3 4 ( X .0:Preprocessing Phase: 1. 0) ( 500 . 0) . 0) ( 300 .SECOND ORDER ANALYSIS Using ANSYS 12.

Define line between keypoints Preprocessor > Modeling > Create > Lines > Lines > In Active Coord Define line between (1 and 2) then between (2 and 3) then between (3 and 4) .0:Preprocessing Phase: 2.SECOND ORDER ANALYSIS Using ANSYS 12.

Define type of element Preprocessor > Element Type > Add/Edit/Delete For this problem we will use the BEAM3 (Beam 2D elastic) element. This element has 3 degrees of freedom (translation along the X and Y axes.SECOND ORDER ANALYSIS Using ANSYS 12.0:Preprocessing Phase: 3. . and rotation about the Z axis).

Define real constants Preprocessor > Real Constants. enter the following geometric properties: i.SECOND ORDER ANALYSIS Using ANSYS 12. Total Beam Height HEIGHT: 50 . Cross-sectional area AREA: 1500 ii. Area moment of inertia IZZ: 312500 iii.0:Preprocessing Phase: 4... > Add In the 'Real Constants for BEAM3' window.

SECOND ORDER ANALYSIS Using ANSYS 12. Apply Mesh Preprocessor > Meshing > Mesh > Lines > click 'Pick All' . Poisson's Ratio PRXY: 0. Define Mesh Preprocessor > Meshing > Size Cntrls > ManualSize > Lines > All Lines.0:Preprocessing Phase: 5. Young's modulus EX: 2000 ii. 7.. For this example we will specify an element edge length of 10 cm (10 element divisions along the line).3 6. enter the following geometric properties : i.. Define Material Properties Preprocessor > Material Props > Material Models > Structural > Linear > Elastic > Isotropic In the window that appears.

which ensures the stress stiffness matrix is calculated.0:Solution Phase: 1. prestress effects must be activated.SECOND ORDER ANALYSIS Using ANSYS 12. . Define Analysis Type Solution > Analysis Type > New Analysis > Static 2. Select Solution > Analysis Type > sol’n control change the [SSTIF][PSTRES] item to 'Prestress ON'. Activate prestress effects To perform an large deflection analysis. This is required in eigenvalue buckling analysis.

SECOND ORDER ANALYSIS .

Apply Constraints Solution > Define Loads > Apply > Structural > Displacement > On Keypoints Select Keypoint 1 and Fix Ux and Uy. .SECOND ORDER ANALYSIS Using ANSYS 12.0:Solution Phase: 3.

then Fix Uy. Apply Constraints Solution > Define Loads > Apply > Structural > Displacement > On Keypoints Select Keypoint 4. .0:Solution Phase: 3.SECOND ORDER ANALYSIS Using ANSYS 12.

BUCKLING OF SPECIAL COLUMN .

0:Solution Phase: 4. . Apply Loads Solution > Define Loads > Apply > Structural > Force/Moment > On Keypoints Apply -10 tons at points (2 and 3) in Fy direction.BUCKLING OF SPECIAL COLUMN Using ANSYS 12.

Solve the system Solution > Solve > Current LS .SECOND ORDER ANALYSIS Using ANSYS 12.0:Solution Phase: 5.

SECOND ORDER ANALYSIS Using ANSYS 12. with a buckling analysis you must re-enter the solution phase and specify the buckling analysis. . Exit solution phase Close the solution menu and click FINISH at the bottom of the Main Menu.0: Post Processing Phase: 1. However. Be sure to close the solution menu and re-enter it or the buckling analysis may not function properly. Normally at this point you enter the post processing phase.

0: Post Processing Phase: 1. Display deformed shape select General Postproc > Plot Results > Deformed Shape Max y = 0.3148 cm .SECOND ORDER ANALYSIS Using ANSYS 12.

Display moment select General Postproc > element table > define table .SECOND ORDER ANALYSIS Using ANSYS 12.0: Post Processing Phase: 2.

SECOND ORDER ANALYSIS .

SECOND ORDER ANALYSIS Using ANSYS 12.0: Post Processing Phase: 2. Display moment select General Postproc > element table > plot elem table .

cm .SECOND ORDER ANALYSIS Max Moment = 3025 t.

. compare with the value extracted from alignment charts.BUCKLING OF FRAMES P Section 600cm 50 cm P 30 cm 600cm Get Pcr using Eigen buckling analysis in Ansys and compare with manual solution? (E = 2000 t/cm2) Also.

88 Pcr = 1.83x2000x I /6002 = 3264 ton .815EI/L2 = 1.82x2000x I /6002 = 3151 ton I = 30(50)3/12 = 312500 cm4 Using Alignment Charts: For sway frame Case: GA = 10 GB = EI/Lcol/EI/Lbeams = 1 K = 1.BUCKLING OF FRAMES Exact Solution: Pcr = 1.88EI/L2 = 1.

0) ( 0 . Y) ( 0 . Define key points 2 3 Y 1 X 4 Preprocessor > Modeling > create > keypoints > In active CS POINT 1 2 3 4 ( X . 600) ( 600 . 600) ( 600 .BUCKLING OF FRAMES Using ANSYS 12. 0) .0:Preprocessing Phase: 1.

Define line between keypoints Preprocessor > Modeling > Create > Lines > Lines > In Active Coord .0:Preprocessing Phase: 2.BUCKLING OF FRAMES Using ANSYS 12.

0:Preprocessing Phase: 2.3 then 3.4 . Pick points 1.BUCKLING OF FRAMES Using ANSYS 12.2 then 2.

0:Preprocessing Phase: 3. . Define type of element Preprocessor > Element Type > Add/Edit/Delete For this problem we will use the BEAM3 (Beam 2D elastic) element.BUCKLING OF FRAMES Using ANSYS 12. This element has 3 degrees of freedom (translation along the X and Y axes. and rotation about the Z axis).

BUCKLING OF FRAMES .

Cross-sectional area AREA: 1500 ii. Define real constants Preprocessor > Real Constants.. Total Beam Height HEIGHT: 50 .0:Preprocessing Phase: 4.. > Add In the 'Real Constants for BEAM3' window. Area moment of inertia IZZ: 312500 iii. enter the following geometric properties: i.BUCKLING OF FRAMES Using ANSYS 12.

BUCKLING OF FRAMES

BUCKLING OF FRAMES

**Using ANSYS 12.0:Preprocessing Phase: 5. Define Material Properties
**

Preprocessor > Material Props > Material Models > Structural > Linear > Elastic > Isotropic In the window that appears, enter the following geometric properties : i. Young's modulus EX: 2000 ii. Poisson's Ratio PRXY: 0.3

BUCKLING OF FRAMES

**Using ANSYS 12.0:Preprocessing Phase: 6. Define Mesh
**

Preprocessor > Meshing > Size Cntrls > ManualSize > Lines > All Lines... For this example we will specify an element edge length of 10 cm (10 element divisions along the line).

0:Preprocessing Phase: 7.BUCKLING OF FRAMES Using ANSYS 12. Apply Mesh Preprocessor > Meshing > Mesh > Lines > click 'Pick All' .

BUCKLING OF FRAMES .

Select Solution > Analysis Type > sol’n control change the [SSTIF][PSTRES] item to 'Prestress ON'. Activate prestress effects To perform an eigenvalue buckling analysis. prestress effects must be activated. This is required in eigenvalue buckling analysis.BUCKLING OF FRAMES Using ANSYS 12. .0:Solution Phase: 1. Define Analysis Type Solution > Analysis Type > New Analysis > Static 2. which ensures the stress stiffness matrix is calculated.

BUCKLING OF FRAMES .

Apply Constraints Solution > Define Loads > Apply > Structural > Displacement > On Keypoints Select Keypoint 1 and 4 and Fix Ux and Uy.0:Solution Phase: 3.BUCKLING OF FRAMES Using ANSYS 12. .

BUCKLING OF FRAMES .

. Apply a vertical (FY) point load of -1 ton to the top of the beam (keypoint 2 and 3). Applying a load other than 1 will scale the answer by a factor of the load.0:Solution Phase: 4. Apply Loads Solution > Define Loads > Apply > Structural > Force/Moment > On Keypoints The eignenvalue solver uses a unit force to determine the necessary buckling load.BUCKLING OF FRAMES Using ANSYS 12.

BUCKLING OF FRAMES .

Solve the system Solution > Solve > Current LS .BUCKLING OF FRAMES Using ANSYS 12.0:Solution Phase: 5.

. Normally at this point you enter the post processing phase.BUCKLING OF FRAMES Using ANSYS 12. Exit solution phase Close the solution menu and click FINISH at the bottom of the Main Menu. Be sure to close the solution menu and re-enter it or the buckling analysis may not function properly. However. with a buckling analysis you must re-enter the solution phase and specify the buckling analysis.0: Post Processing Phase: 1.

0: Second SolutionPhase: 1.BUCKLING OF FRAMES Using ANSYS 12. Define Analysis Type Solution > Analysis Type > New Analysis > Eigen Buckling 2. Specify Buckling Analysis Options Select Solution > Analysis Type > Analysis Options .

0: Second SolutionPhase: Complete the window as shown below: 3. Solve the system Solution > Solve > Current LS .BUCKLING OF FRAMES Using ANSYS 12.

Exit solution phase Close the solution menu and click FINISH at the bottom of the Main Menu as before Using ANSYS 12.0: Post Processing Phase: 1.0: Second SolutionPhase : 4. View the buckling load To display the minimum load required to buckle the beam select General Postproc > List Results > Detailed Summary Buckling load as calculated before .BUCKLING OF FRAMES Using ANSYS 12.

0: Post Processing Phase: 2. Display buckling mode Select General Postproc > Read Results > Last Set to bring up the data for the last mode calculated Select General Postproc > Plot Results > Deformed Shape .BUCKLING OF FRAMES Using ANSYS 12.

HOME WORK P Column Section 400cm 40 cm 20 cm P Get Pcr using Eigen buckling analysis in Ansys and compare with manual solution? (E = 2100 t/cm2) .

exact analysis. and Eigen buckling analysis in Ansys and compare? (E = 2000 t/cm2) .HOME WORK P EI 350cm 2EI 700cm P Section 20 cm 20 cm Get Pcr using approximate analysis.

and ANSYS? (E = 2000 t/cm2) . exact analysis.HOME WORK P = 90 ton 400cm 10 ton 400cm P = 90 ton Section 60 cm 25 cm Get the value of max bending moment and deflection using : first order analysis.

THANK YOU .

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